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No. 44.


occurs :


seeing the tavern-keeper using my whip upon the back of his negro boy. I stepped to him as

, PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RUOADS, quickly as I could, and got it from him, assuring


him it was not accustomed to such business, and No. 50 North Fourth Street,

he should have known better than to take it for PHILADELPHIA.

that purpose. At another time, my eye caught

the sight of a poor negro's back, who was rowing Price Two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

us over a ferry, (his shirt being a mere bunch of or six copies for ten dollars.

rags,) and it appeared like a piece of raw flesh Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly from the severe fogging he had received. It in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26

was a most painful, sickening sight, and affected cents per annum in other States.

me very much; the more so, as he was toiling

for our accommodation, for which, however, we (Continued from page 675 )

paid him, in addition to what was demanded by While still in Virginia, the following passage Friends, for a colored man who attended at an

his oppressor--a practice, I believe, common with

other ferry, told us he was always glad to see the I had meetings at Mount Pleasant and Crooked Quakers come, for then he had something given run; at the latter of which I was led to expose him. It was also our practice to pay those who the iniquity of the slave trade, and the practice took care of our horses, not always with money, of holding the African race in bondage. This but sometimes with food, for which they appeared was much to the relief of my own mind, which thankful, and sometimes manifested surprise at was often deeply oppressed with grief, at seeing the attention shown them. It was a general the sufferings endured by the poor slaves. Their practice for the waiters at public houses to reallowance was one peck of corn for a week, aud ceive the scraps left by travellers eating at their this they were sometimes necessitated to pound | masters' tables; and I was careful at such places

; in the night, when they should be asleep, to re- to leave a good portion of meat, &c., rememberfresh them for the next day's labor. To this I ing that they had appetities to satisfy as well as have often been a witness, when the noise of the myself. But after all the little I could do for pestle and mortar has aroused me ; and soon after them, I had to mourn for them and their oppresI have been startled by the voice of the driver sors also, whose situation appeared far from a and the snapping of his whip, urging them to the desirable one. In many places they seemed to toils of the day, even before the light had fully be under great fear, being careful to secure their appeared. In addition to this, they had to en- lodging rooms with locks and bolts, and to have dure the broiling heat of the sun, bare-headed, their weapons of defence at band, ready to be both males and females; the latter with only one seized at the slightest alarm. The influence of garment to cover them, and the cruel drivers fol- the parents' example, in exercising an arbitrary lowing them with a large wagon whip, in order and cruel power over the inmates of the house, to basten their speed, using it freely upon those produced an evil effect on the children, whose who fell behind, when hoeing the corn or tobacco. countenances and conduct, marked with rage and At other times I have seen very aged men and pride, presented a very different appearance from women grubbing busjes, so feeble and worn, that what they would, had they been taught to view their limbs trembled as they raised their heavy and to treat the colored people as the workmanmattocks; and others were carrying rails on their ship of the same Almighty hand as themselves, heads from a distant forest. Similar cruelties 1 and equally the objects of the Redeemer's mercy have seen exercised on the house slaves, upon and care, instead of being made to consider

them whom the lash was often freely laid, while they as little or no better than the beasts of the field, were subject to the kicks and cuffs of the child and not worthy of the notice which their dogg hem of the family. At one time, having laid my received. Many countenances which, but for the horse-whip upon a table in the bar-room of a passions depicted upon them, would have been tavern, I was suddenly raised from my seat by lovely and engaging, appeared spoiled and repal


sive-many and great, indeed, are the evil conse-, membering that William Savery had been cauquences of slavery, both to the oppressed and the tioned to beware lest he should be popped off his oppressor.

horse, for having interfered and cut the rope with The following incident may afford a useful which a poor colored boy was tied, while receirintimation to those who find themselves brought ing a severe flogging, for not having the cows in

the yard at the usual time. The fear I endured into collision with men whose opinions and prac-was unusual for me, and I believe had I not tice are widely different from their own; as it raised my voice in behalf of the poor runaway, presents a salutary caution to be careful not to under feelings of such resentment as I did, permit their zeal, even in a just cause, to outrun (though I do not think I manifested any thing their charity

like wrath) I should not have been left under the

power of fear, fully believing in the omnipotence My companion and I, pursued our journey to- of Him who límiteth the proud waves of the sea. ward James' river, crossing the Blue mountain I think the sense of the protecting power of the at a place called Rock-fish gap, where we lodged. holy One of Israel was in great measure withA number of travellers and other persons had drawn, for in seasons of far greater apparent put up here, among whom were several rough danger of losing my life, when my mind has and fierce looking men, in pursuit of a runaway been preserved in humility and calmness, I have slave, who after being once taken by them had felt no fear, but a cheerful resignation to the again made his escape into the woods.

Lord's will. As we sat around the supper table, they were The folowing case is rather out of the usual relating the circumstances of his capture and escape, loading the poor slave with hard names, We next had a meeting for the poor slaves, held and drawing from their fellow slaveholders the in Goose-creek meeting-house, on first-day afterconclusion, that, should they take him again, the noon, with the consent of their masters and overmost cruel and severe punishments they could in- seers, several of whom attended. The sight of flict would not be too bad for him. I was grieved so large a number together, as nearly to fill the at such conversation, and feeling my spirit stirred house, was unusual to me, and their dejected against their conduct, could not forbear advocat countenances and ragged appearance affected my ing the exertions of the poor runaway to obtain mind, and awakened tender sympathy for them, his liberty-calling upon them to make his case under wbich I expressed my desires for their their own, and think whether there was one everlasting welfare--endeavoring, in simple lanamong them all, who, if placed in his situation, guage, to impress on them the necessity of avoid. would not use the same means to escape slavery ing every evil practice, in order that the great and punishment. I was soon convinced of the God, whose compassions are toward people of all propriety of the caution given by Christ, “ Cast colors and nations, might bless them, and give not your pearls before swine, lest they turn again them patience to endure affliction in this world, and rend you :" their anger was raised, and mani- and prepare them for that better world which is fested toward me by furious and wrathful words, to come, where they would be freed from servi

; and they were so unreasonable in their conduct, tude and suffering. The poor creatures paid that I concluded it best to say nothing more to great attention, and sat with unusual quietude. them. The house was in a very solitary place, In the morning we crossed Kectucky river at and the inmates alike hostile to us, they being Boonsborough, the place where the first white also slaveholders, and from their conduct after settler pitched his tent. A few miles north of we rose from the supper table, we were not with the river we came to the house of Judge Clark, out apprehensions of personal danger. When of Clark county, who being related to two of our we were shown our chamber, we found there was company, received us very cordially, and paid no fastening on the door, but we placed a chest great attention to spread notice of a meeting to against it, which braced against the foot of our be held the day following in the Baptist meeting bed, concluding they should not come upon us house. A large number of people assembled, by surprise. We got but little sleep, our appre- and their minister among the rest, who in a hensions being increased by bearing several per- hasty manner objected to the doctrines delivered, sons come up the stairs directly to the door of as soon as I took my seat, charging me with disour room, where they stood whispering to each carding the doctrines of Jesus Christ; a charge other for several minutes—they then went down which he fell far short of substantiating, stairs, and soon after came and placed themselves the opinion of his own hearers. When speak; in the same situation again, without speaking to ing upon the doctrine of baptism, I had confined us or offering to come into the room. These cir- | myself to giving the reasons which occurred to cumstances, added to the noise and confusion my remembrance, why the Society of Friends which continued below stairs most of the night, does not use water baptism ; and several of his caused us to sleep but little. We did not feel hearers expressed their dissatisfaction with his quite released from apprehensions of danger, un- interrupting the quiet of the meeting, in which til we bad rode some miles from the place, re- I they had been edified with what they heard. One

even 10



of them added, that he could perceive no need power continue to be with me, and afford me of urging those into the water who did not see strength to move forward in his fear, for hitherto the necessity of it, but who were pressing after he hath helped me in this untrodden land, where the baptism of the one eternal spirit. On our I have been earnestly desirous not to move too way back to the house of Judge Clark, his wife fast, or in any way contrary to bis holy will, so remarked to me, that she hoped now to be re- that I have at times been unable to sleep or take leased from that distress of mind she had been my natural food. But feeling my confidence in under, respecting this subject, for some time past, my holy Helper renewed at this season, I once and which at times was so great, that she feared more surrender myself into his blessed keeping. she should lose her reason; for she could not see Thou knowest, O Lord, I am willing to follow her way to be baptized with water, and the thee whithersoever thou art pleased to lead me. preacher was continually urging on her the Be thou with my dear family and keep us all in necessity of it or she would be eternally lost; but thy fear. now, said she, I am satisfied, and hope I shall no


(To be continued.) more be troubled about it. In the evening we had a meeting at the

DIARY OF SAMUEL SCOTT. Judge's house, where this preacher again attended, but he made no further opposition. The following passage will probably remind Many persons were present, and it was truly a some of the forcible language of the prophet solid

season, in which Gospel truths were freely Malachi, “ Will a man rob God? Yet ye opened, and reasons given for the simplicity of robbed me. But

ye say,

wherein have we robbed our profession and practices – particularly our thee? In tithes and offerings.” not singing in the customary and formal manner Ninth mo. 19th. “ Two robbers having been of most other professors, &c. The necessity taken up in the neighborhood, an inquiry ocof seeking after weightiness of spirit in our devo- curred-how much better am I than they, who tions, was set forth; that as God is a Spirit, they am guilty before God of having too frequently who perform the solemn act of devotion aright, withheld my heart from the Proprietor of heamust worship him in spirit and in truth. We ven and earth ; who bath said, "My son give had a pressing invitation to have a nieeting next me thy heart.' day at the house of a person who lived nearly ten The application of the offense against man, as miles off, and who was at our morning meeting. a test of our own standing in the sight of our I accordingly accepted it, and Judge Clark, his Divine Lord and Master, will probably occur but wife and daughters, accompanied us thither. We to few of those who sit in judgment against evil were favored with the fresh extendings of Di- doings, but it may be profitable to reflect more vine love, for which humble thanksgivings were often than is the case with many, upon what has offered unto Him, who is forever worthy. This preserved them from falling, and to remember interesting family continued with us next day, where much is given, much will be required in attended

à meeting held in the court-house the day of final account. in Winchester, where many Gospel truths opened Ninth mo. 28th. “Every offering exhibited on my mind, and were delivered with clearness-, either internally or ministerially is to be seasoned ability being graciously afforded, beyond what I with the salt of the everlasting covenant. But as ever experienced before, to contend for them, in ministerial administrations offered in weakness opposition to the superficial notions of formal pro- and child-like simplicity may possibly be more

When the meeting closed, the people acceptable in the sight of Him who seeth not as appeared unwilling to leave the house, and much man seeth, than some which may more nearly brokenness of spirit and weeping were manifest, resemble the life and wisdomn of truth, we ought particularly among those who had become most to be very jealous over ourselves and our offeracquainted with us. The wife of Judge Clark ings, and as cautious and tender in the judging remarked, that she hoped the Lord would enable of others, or what may be offered by them; as her to be resigned to the reproach that might be it is written, "Judge nothing before the time, cast upon her, for ceasing to depend upon her until the Lord come who will bring to life the

as she was now desirous to be hidden things of darkness and will make maniinwardly attentive to the Teacher that could not fest the counsels of the heart; and then shall Others assenting to every man have praise of God. When George

' the doctrines they had heard, joined in the ex- Fox was sent forth to preach the everlasting gospression of desires and prayers, that God would pel and to turn men from darkness to light, many bless and preserve us in his work, among whom Illiterate persons, both men, women, and chilwere some of the first characters in the country. dren, were also sent forth with him to labor in He who knoweth all hearts, knows that I do the Lord's harvest field

, in which there were supnot pen these things in a boasting way, but do posed to be many laborers, under various charascribe all praise to him ; for had he not vouch-acters, abundantly superior to them, not only in

l Sefed his help, I should hot have dared to labor human wisdom and acquirements

, and the knowas I did, neither could I. May his preserving ledge of the holy Scriptures, but likewise in deep



former teachers,

be removed into a corner.

experience and heartfelt religion, who became blessed Jesus, and that if I die, I do not die an jealous of them, whom they esteemed no people. unbeliever. If I die, I die a believer, and have Thus in various dispensations have the disciples nothing to trust to but unmerited mercy."'of a crucified Saviour been esteemed as the off- Finding him brought down as from “the clefts scouring of the people, and the doctrine of the of the rocks and the height of the hills into cross foolishness; that by the things which are de- the valley of deep humiliation," his brother respised and are not, might be brought to nought joiced in spirit and spake comfortably to him. the things which are," that no flesh should glory Expressing the deeply humiliating views he fre

, in his presence.” In the exercise of a public quently bad of his own state, J. Scott replied, ministry, even when there is a degree of right-"0! if it is so with thee, how must it be ness, and especially where those concerned may with me who have been the chief of sinners ?” suppose themselves much behind hand in the The insufficiency of self righteousness being work through past unfaithfulness, there are many mentioned, Oh! said he with great earnestness, rocks, shoals and quicksands, on which the “Righteousness! I have no righteousness, nor rightly laden vessel may be shipwrecked and suf- any thing to trust to but the blessed Jesus and fer loss; and indeed so weighty is the work and his merit." Pausing awbile be proceeded, so diversified are the dangers, that there is abun. “There is something within me which keeps me dant cause for all, from the least child to the from despairing—I dare not despair although I most experienced minister, to unite in a lan- bave as much reason to despair as any one, were guage formerly uttered, “and who is sufficient it not for him who showed mercy to the thief for these things ?”

upon the cross.

The thief upon the cross, and Twelfth mo. 10th. · By reason of a letter Peter who denied his Master, are much before concerning the dangerous illness of my brother, me.” Being advised to trust in the Lord, he John Scott, and his continued solicitude to see replied, “I have done else to trust in.” “Oh! me, in great distress and anxiety of spirit excited said he, the Saviour, be is the way and there is by various considerations, I visited him at no other; I now see there is no other. Oh the his house at Radcliff. To my great satisfaction Saviour! I have done too much against him; I beheld in him the pride and glory of all flesh and if I live, I hope I shall be able to let the abased, and the Saviour, who was clothed in the world know it, and that in many respects my seamless robe, whose bands and feet were mind is altered. But I dare not make resolupierced,' and whose head was crowned with tions." thorns, exalted as the only rock in the valley of In reply to a remark made, he said, “Oh! it death. How wonderful are the works of Jeho is not a time to be solicitous about forms! Here vah, “who maketh the city an heap, the defenced is a scenc indeed, enough to bring down the city a ruin,' the place of strangers to be no grandeur of many, if they could see it. I city,' and who causeth the branch of the ter- buoyed myself up with the hope of many days.” rible to be brought low.”'

His brother recommending him to the great “On the 18th I attended the funeral of my object, Christ within the hope of glory, they brother at Radcliff. 'Gather up the fragments took a solemn farewell of each other. that remain that nothing be lost,' was the com- He continued about two days longer. About mand of our great Master; consistent with twelve hours before his decease, his speech falwhich I esteem it my duty to preserve and make tered much, but it appeared that the religious known to some the dying expressions of the de- concern of his mind remained to the end, when ceased, as a testimony to the cause of Christianity he departed without sigh or groan. and the power of Christ; being fully persuaded

(To be continued.) that there is no name under heaven or among men whereby we must be saved,' but the name PREFACE TO THIRD PART OF PIETY PROMOTED. of Jesus Christ; both as he was in the fulness of time manifested in the flesh, and as he is de

The Author's design in continuing these colclared in power to be the Son of God, according lections, having already been discovered in his to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection two former treatises upon this subject, to be no from the dead, and Christ within the hope of less than the promoting of piety, I hope I shall glory,' the Lord our righteousness.'

not need to recommend this third part of his so The following are extracts from the memoir, necessary, useful and commendable labors to thg preserved and afterwards published, respecting serious perusal, especially in such an age as this

, John Scott :

wherein impiety is so sensibly promoted, not only

by the notoriously profane, but also by the preTHE DYING TESTIMONY OF JOHN SCOTT.

sumptuously careless professors of Christianity. On his death bed, being very desirous to see How much conducing to obtain this excellent his brother Samuel Scott, he was sent for. Being end, the dying words, even of the worst of men, introduced to the bed side, John Scott spake with and malefactors, have been esteemed, is evident a voice full of

power, “I wanted to see thee, to by the practice of most governments in exposing tell thee that I have nothing to trust to but the them to public view, as a warning against vice,


and incentive to virtue. How much more shall, little regarded when death, the king of terrors, is we count the dying words of the righteous, whose in view, and the great Judge stands at the door, death is precious in the eyes of the Lord, likely who, without respect of persons, judgeth and to answer this end, and therefore worthy, with rewardeth according to every man's work. Now their lives and names, to be had in everlasting nothing will administer comfort but the inward remembrance.

absolution of our holy high priest, the Lord Although the short reflections given upon the Jesus Christ; nothing but the unction of the birth, conversion, labors, travels, conversation, blessed spirit of intercession and adoption. Here and sufferings of many of these precious servants those who have loved God above all, and their and handmaids of the Lord, are very inviting, as neighbors as themselves, are found to have the well as instructive, in showing forth that free best religion, and to be the true believers in and universal grace of God, whereby they came Christ, and witnesses of his redemption and salto be what they were, and that arm of power vation; and those to be the true and most honorwhereby they were upheld in, and delivered out able scholars, who have been taught by the grace of many tribulations; yet the main intention of of God, which brings salvation, and hath appeared the Author is, to send us to the house of mourn- unto all men, to deny ungodliness and the world's ing, which, saith Solomon, is better to go to than lusts, and to live soberly, righteously and godly the house of rejoicing; that we may learn so to in this present world. live, as to be prepared to die, and enter upon an There we may find the righteous, with Abraeternal state.

ham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph, advising, encourIf death-beds were more frequented, and places aging and blessing their posterity; with Moses of recreation less, we might hope the advantage going up to the top of the mount, to take a view would make amends for that part of self-denial. of the good land, in retirement and solitariness There we may often hear a more reaching sermon with the Lord; with Joshua engaging others to in a few broken words, than the most elegant in fear and serve him alone, and to put away their the pulpit; but especially from two sorts of ex- strange gods; with Samuel, mourning and prayperienced teachers, namely, sinners repenting, ing for those who have forsaken the Lord; with and saints triumphing: there we may hear all David, expressing their faith in his promises conagreeing in one common prayer, viz: Oh ! let me cerning their house, and their religious concern die the death of the righteous, and let my latter for their building of his; recommending truth, end be like his. There we may hear men dis-justice and mercy to succeeding generations; covering what they really believe, often very dif- with Hezekiah appealing to God about their sinferently from what they formerly professed ; cerity. In short, with Job, Simeon, Stephen, and many with the repenting thief, come to have Paul, and others of the faithful servants and fola better religion upon their death-bed, than all lowers of Christ, embracing death, hastening to their life-long before. There we may hear those meet it, longing to be dissolved and to be with who have been eagerly pleading for sin, now cry- him, their captain, fore-runder and rewarder. ing out against it as the sting of death. Those Thus preaching and praying, and praising the who have exclaimed against good works, as dan- Lord freely and fervently, boldly and experigerous to their faith, now wishing that all their mentally, and all without book, as the Holy Spirit time had been spent in going about doing good. gives utterance, has upon a death-bed often Those who have charged God foolishly with an proved an affecting, tendering and converting absolute reprobation, now trusting in, and beg- season to many hearers. ging his universal mercy. Those who have To such an house of mourning, or shall I say known Christ after the flesh only, now desiring rejoicing, the Author of these collections kindly to feel him within, as the hope of glory. Those invites thee, Christian reader; where, by hearing who have grieved, resisted and mocked at the the dying sayings of the ransomed and redeemed, Holy Spirit, now seeking for strength and com- who knew in whom they had believed, thou fort from it. Those who have opposed the light mayest also come to know and believe in that of Christ, now gladly embracing it in the dark great and true light, which enlightens every valley of the shadow of death. Those who have man coming into the world; for it was by the lived upon outward observations, and been feed- inshining thereof, that the feet of these blessed ing upon husks with the prodigal, now looking to ones, now at rest with the Lord, as of all the wards their Father's house for the substance, righteous in ages past, were guided into the way the water of regeneration, the bread of life, and of truth and peace. the new wine of the kingdom.

This opened their states, tried their reins, sifted There we may hear teachers, tutors, confessors their words, weighed their actions, stayed their and such like, who have had people's faith and minds, changed their hearts, condemned disconscience at their command, often exclaimed obedience, justified faithfulness, counselled in against, if not as bad examples, yet as miserable difficulties, discovered the enemy, unveiled the comforters, and physicians of no value. Now painted Larlot, the world, and the false church, names, notions, creeds, traditions, controversies, and gave them the light of the knowledge of the honors, riches, compliments, pastimes, &c., are glory of God, in the face of Jesus Christ, for

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