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clude them to be the only way to Christ, and so my view, which has pardoned and overcome so to have them imposed upon the consciences of much, and therefore an engagement to love him their brethren; then hath the Lord visibly ap- much, as it is said in Luke vii. 47, of this good peared against them, and their
It also served to humble my heart turned it to the sight of all men.”
greatly when I perceived, not only how vile I In the year 1653 he was summoned with the have been, but still am; these sins, as to the Lairds Brodie, Hopetoun and Swintoune to act root of them, being still in me, and in no wise as the representatives of Scotland in the Parlia- to be subdued but by going on in a daily course ment called by Oliver Cromwell. As to the mo- for mortifying them, even by near and close tives which induced these men to accept the walking with God, in watching against the first office tendered them, we can judge somewhat by motions and risings of sin in the heart. This their expressions. A. Jaffray says, “it was on consideration put me sometimes upon the desire the hearts of some to have done good for pro- to be preparing patiently to bear what cross or moting the kingdom of Christ." Alexander affliction the Lord should think fit to exercise Brodie remarks, “ I am not the man which others me with ; seeing that as a kind father he chasvainly imagine me to be; nay, nor indeed come tiseth and scourgeth every son whom be reI up to my profession. If the Lord would up. ceiveth.” "A lesson which ordinarily the Lord hold my soul I would rather choose to suffer at useth to teach his children, by exercising them the hands of men than to fall into the tempta- with the cross, is, that thereby they may be learntion and snare of public employments.”
ing more soberly to think of, and less to engage Lingard and Godwin speak favorably of this their hearts unto, the things of the present Parliament; the latter says: “ There was much world ; so commonly, it falls out, that every rose
; of public virtue in this assembly; they possessed we taste of here has a thorn or sting under the no common portion of that wisdom and penetra- leaf of it, and therefore if, in every comfort of tion into the spirit and consequences of social this kind that thou enjoyest here, there be some institutions which might seem to qualify them to mixture of bitterness, some water amongst thy secure essential benefits to that age and to ages wine ; mistake not, but look on it as proceeding which should succeed."
from the wisdom and love of God to thee, Among other reformatory measures of useful thereby not only to let thee see by speculation, tendency, they proposed that tithes should be but find from experience how rain and empty done away. Committees were appointed "for the things of a present world are." the advancement of the poor," "for the advance. “Again, the exercise of the cross serves much ment of learning,” and “ for removing all laws for the increase and exercise of grace, 'no chasand ordinances which are hindrances to the pro- tisement for the present seemeth to be jogous gress of the Gospel.” Jaffray's name appears on but grievous ; afterward it brings forth the peace the committee in relation to tithes.
fruit of righteousness to them that are exWhen this parliament was so summarily and ercised thereby. Observe the word exercised; violently dissolved by Cromwell, A. Jaffray was the cross affords fruit to none but to them that one of the 30 who remained, and refused to are exercised thereby, that is, whose daily exerleave until obliged to do so by an armed force.cise it is to be under the cross. They that make This, it appears, did not lessen him in Crom the patient bearing of the cross their daily exerwell's estimation, for we find that soon after he cise, shall doubtless find grace much exercised offered him the station of a judge for Scotland, and growing thereby.” which he refused, not deeming himself capable “But one might ask me what I mean by the for the discharge of that duty.
cross ? as sometimes my own heart did. And The continual reference to the mercies and indeed, it seemed me I was under none, having kind providences of God toward him, is a pecu- abundance of all earthly comforts. But it oeliarly instructive feature of the diary of A. Jaf- curred to me that a believer may be much exerfray. In remembrance of these he says, “I cised, though he be under do such dispensation, have sometimes been thinking of the engaging as to the world's eye, may appear a cross; yet of my heart anew again unto Him, but find this may he be in Christ's account taking up his of more concernment rightly to be performed cross daily, when he is preparing for it. So it than I had at any former time thought of.” I is well said to this purport— That a Christian is was eminently called upon, before any nearer always a martyr in action or in affection, that is access and communication with God could be at- either actually under the cross or preparing his tained, to remember former mercies, and be affections so to frame with the cross, that he may thankful for them; more especially to call to contentedly undergo it when it comes. mind former guiltiness—the sins of my youth
(To be continued.) these having been many and great; though they be blotted out and freely forgiven me, yet ought Small causes are sufficient to make a man they to be (and the more for this) always before uneasy when great ones are not in the way;
for me. Psalms li. 3. By frequent remembrance of want of a block, he will stumble at a straw. these I found the goodness of God heightened in
The Epistle from the Yearly Meeting, held in required at their hands: the work of the Lord
London, by adjournments, from the 21th of must ever be deeply humbling to those who are the Fifth month to the 1st of the Sixth Month, engaged in it; and Ile alone can prepare them inclusive, 1854:
for it, through a course of self-denial and disciTo the Quarterly and Monthly Meetings of Friends in pline in the school of Christ. But our faith is
Great Britain, Ireland, and elsewhere. strong that if the young men amongst us were DEAR FRIENDS—Through the tender mercy true in their allegiance to their Lord, and faithof our Heavenly Father, our faith has at this ful to the guidance of that Spirit who divideth to time been renewed in the all-sufficiency of his every man severally as He will, they would all grace in Christ our Saviour. How great is his find some place of usefulness allotted to them in faithfulness to his children and people of every the Lord's household, and not a few amongst name, the world over! “Truly God is good to them would, as in primitive times, be qualified, Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart." according to their respective gifts, to call sinners
It is only they who are washed, who are to repentance, to proclaim the unsearchable sanctified, who are justified, in the name of the riches of Christ, and to edify the body in love. Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God, who And though partakers of the afflictions of the can enjoy the unspeakable privilege of member- Gospel, they would at times be permitted hum. ship in this spiritual Israel. No rite, no out- bly to rejoice, that they have a portion of Christ ward membership in any church, can suffice to better than all earthly riches or honor. make us children of Abraham. There must be Our hearts are also drawn forth in tender soli. the circumcision of the heart, the putting off of citude for those who have reached the meridian the old man which is corrupt, according to the of life, and who, though at times sensible of love deceitful lusts, and the putting on of the new to their Lord, may be conscious that they have man which, after God, is created in righteous- not given themselves up to his service. Upon ness and true holiness. The calling of the some of you the sun is ready to decline, and you Christian, beloved Friends, is emphatically a have not yet begun, in good earnest, tó labor in · heavenly calling.” “Therefore,” says the his harvest field. The present hour only is Apostle, the world knoweth us not, because it yours; the night cometh, wherein no man can knew him not.” If we are conscious that the work. May you delay no longer to give yourworld loveth us, and that we love the world, how selves wholly unto Him. Be faithful, be dilimuch reason is there to fear that we have not gent; that you
your part in His yet experienced that great and all important blessed work, and, through his unmerited mercy, change, whereby they who were "by nature the receive every man " the heavenly penny from the children of wrath,” are brought nigh through Lord of life.” the blood of Jesus, and made partakers of the And for you, dear Friends, who are parents, adoption. They who are thus adopted into the whether in earlier or maturer years, strong are Lord's family, who are sealed with the Holy our desires that you may be fully alive not only Spirit of promise, and made heirs of God, and to the privileges, but also to the sacred responjoint heirs with Christ, have their desires, their sibilities of your station. Whilst training your hopes and their affections set upon heavenly beloved offspring in right habits, and providing things, and are no longer conformed to this for their instruction in things “civil and useful world. Strangers and pilgrims upon earth, their in the creation,” may you ever keep in rememcitizenship is in heaven. Whilst enjoying with brance, that upon you, primarily, devolves the a purer relish his outward gifts, they are taught solemn duty of educating them for eternity. of God to keep within the limitations of his May you, even from their very tender years, Holy Spirit, in their use even of these things, seek to be enabled to bring them unto Jesus, and are constrained by the dictates of their re- that He may bless them; and may you, in the newed nature to renounce the vanities, and the ability which He giveth, train them up not only pleasures of a world lying in wickedness. But in the nurture, but also in the admonition of the the energies and the substance which are Lord. There is an authority given you to be withheld from these pursuits will not be spent exercised for the good of your children, which it apon themselves.
Other and farworthier would be treachery to their best interests to sur. objects will open before them, affording abun-render. It is an authority confided to you, as dant scope for the right exercise of every talent their appointed guardians on behalf of the Lord, with which they have been entrusted.
for their discipline and protection; and whilst Beloved younger Friends, you wbose hearts it is exercised in love, it will be so far from the Lord hath touched, and who are almost per- diminishing, that it will tend to promote their suaded to be bis diciples, Oh that you could be love for you, as well as their honor—that filial prevailed upon to make the full surrender of all honor to which, under the Gospel, as under the that you have, and of all that you are, to the Law, a promise is annexed. service of Him who hath loved you. It is not In entering at this time into the state of our for the servant to choose his work; and we would Society, with a lively concern for its religious be far from inducing any to do that wbich is not welfare, we have been impressed with a deep
sense of the vital importance of the great duty Holy Scripture are made the subject of professed of prayer. Far indeed be it from us to desire entertainment to an indiscriminate assembly, that any of our members should approach the many of whom make no pretensions to religion. Lord with the tongue and with the lip, whilst That music, on the other hand, which does not the heart is far from Him; but under the solemn in any degree partake of the character usually conviction that whatever be our circumstances in designated as sacred has, we fear, in innumerable life or our position in the church, prayer is, in instances, allured the feet of the young, to the the Divine appointment, essential to our spiritual lightness, the gaiety, and even the dissipation of health, we would earnestly press upon all to seek the world, and thus proved among the many for opportunities in the course of each day for snares against which we are enjoined fervently private retirement and waiting upon the Lord; to pray, Lead us not into temptation." The and tenderly to cherish those precious, but often Christian cannot surely devote hours and days to gentle and easily resisted motions of the Lord's pursuits of this description, without being in Spirit, which would contrite and humble our danger of unfaithfulness in bis stewardship of hearts, and draw them forth in fervent petitions that time which he is called upon to “ redeem;" for that spiritual food which can alone supply and of impairing that tenderness of conscience, our daily, our continual need. May none and that filial fear of offending God, which are amongst us be living in a state of unconcern, among the most precious evidences of the work insensible to the righteous judgment of God of grace in the heart. upon all that is unholy; their sins, unrepented
We have received, in usual course, an Epistle of and unforgiven, still resting on their souls : from our Friends in Ireland, and one from each rather let them be encouraged to come in deep of the Yearly Meetings in North America. It humiliation to the mercy-seat, there to plead for is very satisfactory to us to be thus reminded of pardon and plenteous redemption, in the all- the love and interest of our distant brethren ; availing name of our crucified Redeemer. And and warm are our desires that the members of oar how precious for us all is the assurance “that we Society, everywhere, being builded together by bave a great High Priest, that has passed into the One Spirit upon the One Foundation, Christ the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God;" one who is Jesus, may be more and more closely united in touched with the feeling of our infirmities; and Him. in whose holy name we are invited to “come Reports have been furnished to this Meeting boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may from the several Meetings of Friends in Great Briobtain mercy, and find
grace to help in time of tain and Ireland, of the distraints upon our need.". But when we have asked for this grace, members in support of our ancient Christian Oh! that we may be truly willing, in all bumili- testimony against all ecclesiastical demands. ty, to wait for it, and to accept those manifesta- We have directed a digested statement of the tions of the Lord's light, love and power to our particulars of these distraints to be printed and souls, whereby He would, in the riches of his circulated for the information of our members wisdom, graciously fulfil our petitions, and ena- and others. This testimony to the freedom and ble us to follow Him faithfully in that path of spirituality of Gospel ministry, and against the self-denial and practical godliness which He usurpations of human power and wisdom in the would
things of God, is still dear to us, as to our foreAmongst those gratifications of sense from fathers in the Truth. We desire affectionately which the members of our religious Society, by to encourage all our members to its continued common consent, growing out of what we believe faithful support, in the meekness of wisdom; to be a root of Christian principle, have, with and we would tenderly entreat them to be upon much unanimity, felt themselves restrained, are their watch against that spirit which would lead the study and practice of music. That which is any of them away from its full and consistent of the character ordinarily designated as sacred maintenance, music not unfrequently stimulates expressions Our minds have been, at this time, deeply and feelings which are far from being the genu- affected by the awful consideration that, after the ine breathings of a renewed beart, and tends to lapse of so many years of comparative tranquillity delude the mind by producing an excitement the nations of Europe are again plunging into often unhappily mistaken for devotion, and to the horrors of war. Our attention has been withdraw the soul from that quiet, humble and called to numerous passages of sound Christian retired frame, in which prayer and praise may be doctrine and excellent practical counsel, on this truly offered with the spirit and with the under- subject, contained in our printed “Rules of standing also. And as to those musical exhibi- Discipline and Advices," as well as to the " Tes tions in which an attempt is made to combine timony against all Wars and Fightings," issued religion with a certain amount of amusement, it by this Meeting a few years ago; and we comis hard to understand how a truly Christian mind mend them to the serious perusal of our members. can allow itself to sanction the profanation of the Whilst not insensible of the solemn responsibility sacred name by the attendance of such perform of the profession which we are making herein ances; where the most awful events recorded in 'before men, we feel bound explicitly to asow our
continued unshaken persuasion that all war is abound; and walking in the light as God is in utterly incompatible with the plain precepts of the light, we should be more and more knit toour Divine Lord and Lawgiver, and with the gether in the heartfelt experience of that unutwhole spirit and tenor of his Gospel; and that terably precious word, “The blood of Jesus no plea of necessity or of policy, however urgent Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.” or peculiar, can avail to release either individu- Signed, in and on behalf of the Meeting, by als or nations from the paramount allegiance
JOSEPH THORP, which they owe unto him who hath said, "Love
Clerk to the Meeting this year. your enemies.” To carry out such a profession consistently is indeed a high attainment, but it
INTEMPERANCE AND CHOLERA. should be the aim of every Christian. May this testimony never be advocated by us in the spirit
The "Liverpool Times" reports 'four fatal casos of political zeal, or of mere worldly expediency of cholera at Hoylake, the victims being all notoLet us honestly examine our own hearts, whether rious for their dissipated and dirty habits. Some we are ourselves, so brought under the holy gov- official gentlemen from Liverpool have visited ernment of the Prince of Peace, as to be willing Hoylake to inquire into the probable causes of to suffer wrong and take it patiently, and even, the disease.' Are not the causes patent to all ? if required, to sacrifice our all for the sake of The public-house, the beer-shop, and the spiritHim and of his precious cause.
In this frame vault planted at the corner and in the middle of of mind we shall be kept in watchfulness and every street; what wonder that the people are bumility, and be best preserved from any parti- encouraged and seduced into babits of drinkcipation in that excitement, and that tendency to ing; dissipation is the fruit of drinking, and exasperation against those who may be called drunkenness leads to poverty, filth, wretchedour enemies, which are among the many fruits ness, and disease. Why, then, should society of bitterness fostered by war.
Love to all man-countenance, and the Legislature expressly kind, that love which would do them good, and sanction a traffic in strong drinks, whose constant in nowise injure them, is one of the blessed fruits and inevitable tendency it is, and ever has been, of the Holy Spirit, when allowed to exercise its to create and foster such fearful and fatal evils ? rightful dominion in the heart.
- Bristol Temp. Herald. Under existing circumstances, we would in- In the 5th volume of the Farmers' Cabinet, treat our friends everywhere to be on
their guard against entering into any engagements in published in this city in 1840, we find the folbusiness, which would be likely to involve them in lowing remarks on the connection between intransactions connected more or less directly with temperance and cholera. the maintenance of war or of a military estab- Another evil arising from intemperance, and lishmen
We would also offer a word of caution indeed, from moderate drinking of alcoholic li. (though we trust there are but few for whom it quors, is its aptitude to render diseases of any is needful) that none of you, whilst professing kind unmanageable—this is more particularly the the principles of peace, allow yourselves to be case with malignant ones. It is a fact attested present on any of those occasions of military or by the experience of every practical physician, naval display, which are calculated to kindle a that when disease fixes upon a frame which has martial spirit amongst the inhabitants of this been indurated by strong drink, medicines do not favoured land. And greatly do we desire that, act with the efficiency they do upon others. through the help of the Lord, our Society may Hence persons addicted to the use of strong be enabled steadily and faithfully to maintain drink, are frequently brought to the grave, by this precious testimony with clean hands, and diseases which would produce but little inconwith a conscience void of offence toward God and venience to one of abstemious habits.
In the year 1832, the cholera prevailed in And now, in conclusion, we would express our several parts of our country. In the city of Alreverent thankfulness for the help and comfort bany, with a population of about 25,000, there afforded us throughout this Yearly Meeting, and were 336 over sixteen years of age, who died of our renewed sense of the blessedness of true that disease. But it was remarked that out of Gospel fellowship. If we are members of Christ, five thousand members of temperance societies, we are also members one of another. Let us only two died. So that the disease carried off therefore seek to be so kept in watchfulness and but one in 2,500 of the total abstinence men, or humility, that nothing may interrupt this living at least of those who were members of temmembership in the living body, or impair the perance societies, and about one in sixty, of the
outward bond of harmony and Christian order rest. Ľ amongst us. Let us be subject one to another, In the city of New York, out of six hundred
and each to the body in love. Thus vigilant, taken to the Park II ospital, not more than about humble and dependent, rooted and built up in one in five professed to be even temperate drinkChrist, and growing up into Him in all things ers. The number who died of that disease, and who is the Head, our joy and peace would who for the last two years, had not used ardent
spirits, was exceedingly small. A gentleman of have ever furnished to the historian a more pleasthat city, after paying particular attention to the ing task than the early colonists of Pennsylvania. subject, remarked that facts abundantly autho. While the first planters on the north and south of rized the conclusion, that if there had been no Pennsylvania, were frequently involved in exter. spirits used, there would not have been cholera minating wars with the native tribes, and their enough to interrupt their business for a single history supplies numerous instances on both sides day. The transition from the grog-shop to the of atrocious barbarity, we find William Penn and hospital, and thence to the potter's field, was found to be so rapid, that some of the retailers his adherents fixing their peaceful habitations became alarmed, and discontinued their sales. among the same kind of untutored and uncivilized
tribes, without fortifications or military protection, FRIENDS' REVIEW.
disarming the native races, by justice and kindness,
and maintaining with them an inviolable peace as PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 29, 1854. long as their policy was preserved.
Happy would it have been for Pennsylvania, BOWDEN'S HISTORY OF FRIENDS IN AMERICA. and especially for the aborigines residing here, if At page 168 of our fifth volume, some account the enlightened policy, dictated by Christian prin. of the first volume of this history was given. The ciple, which carried the first colonists successfully narrative contained in the volume then published, through the dangers and hardships of their infant terminated with the year 1682; the time when settlement, had been maintained to the present William Penn first set his foot on the American day. Instead of seeing the red men receding beshore.
fore the wave of civilized immigrants, and rapidly A second volume has just issued from the Lon- vanishing from the earth, we should probably at don press, and is now offered for sale in this city, this day have witnessed the civilization and chrisas noticed in this journal last week. This volume tianity of the eastern world interwoven into the commences with an account of the settlement of habits and doctrines of the natives, and the white Pennsylvania, in which we find the establishment and red races, like kindred drops, mingled toof meetings occupying a conspicuous place. Wil gether. Of the fruit of this peaceful policy, Bow. liam Penn landed at New Castle on the 27th of den’s new work presents an interesting illustration. 8th month, which, reduced to the new style, would About thirty pages are occupied with the history be the 6th of 11th month, 1682, and within six of George Keith, and the disturbance occasioned months of that time, it appears that no fewer than by his apostacy, where those who are desirous of nine meetings for worship, and three monthly an acquaintance with that subject, may find their meetings were established in the province. The gratification. colony on the east of the Delaware, being formed
A chapter, containing more than forty pages, is several years prior to the settlement of Pennsyl. devoted to the "Rise and Progress of the Testivania, a yearly meeting was held at Burlington in
of friends against Slavery." 1681 ; but as early as 1683* a yearly meeting was also held at Philadelphia.
This is a very interesting portion of the work,
tracing the progress of Christianity in its early In the composition of this history, the writer stages, and through the middle ages, in meliorating has evidently consulted the principal documents the condition of the servile class, and gradually which were capable of casting light on the early
wearing away the system of slavery. history of Pennsylvaniat; and no nation or people
Though George Fox and William Edmundson * This meeting began in the Seventh, now the Ninth may be regarded as the first members of our relimonth, and continued to convene in the latter part of gious society who bore an open testimony against that month until the year 1798, when it was concluded to meet in future in the Fourth month. The yearly the slavery of the negroes, and this was done seremeeting in conformity with this conclusion, convened ral years before Pennsylvania was colonized, it is in 1799, and in the following years, on the third Second to Friends of Pennsylvania that the world was inday in the Fourth month.
debted for the earliest and most efficient exertions + It is with regret that I observe at page 60, the recital as a piece of sober history, of an imaginary in a society capacity, for the extinction of the conversation between William Penn and King Charles II. The dialogue, I believe, rests on no testimony king in the manner here represented. The author wbo but the pages of Weems, a writer who certainly can- furnishes this conversation between Willian. Penn and not be regarded as reliable authority. The supposed the king, introduces in his lile of General Marion, a conversation itself is indeed much too coarse for the conference with a British officer, during the revolucharacters to which it is attributed. The King was tionary war, in which the General is represented 23 certainly very deficient in morals and integrity, but he declaring that neither he nor his men received a crat was not destitute of the polish which belongs to a gen- for their service. And yet cents were unknown in tleman: and William Penn retained too mirch of the American currency until 1792, about nine years after politeness in which he was educated, to talk to the I the close of that war.