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raffic in slaves, and the abolition of slavery itselí*. | public curiosity to give some additional facts
appears that as early as 1711 a law was enacted, along with all the corroborative evidence that has when the legislature consisted chiefly of Friends, fallen under my observation. prohibiting the introduction of African slaves into
“ While at Nintock, Palambang, and Batavia, the province; but this act, being opposed to the I heard many remarkable stories of the agility, declared policy of the mother country, was per- audacity, and especially of the superhuman emptorily abrogated by the crown. Pennsylvania strength of the ourang-outang. I will trespass is well known to have been the first to enact a
upon your attention by relating one of the most
extraordinary, at the same time one of the best law, soon after the authority of the British govern- attested, which I heard while at Batavia : Lieut. ment was renounced, by which negro slavery was Schöck, of the Dutch East India army, was on a at length banished from the State.
march with a small detachment of troops and Extracts from this valuable work will probably coolies on the south-eastern coast of Borneo; he appear in some of our future numbers.
had encamped on this occasion, during the noon.
day heat, on the banks of one of the small tribuDien, -In Dartmouth, N. Y., the 13th inst., taries of the Bangarmassin. The lieutenant had MICKETSON Slocum, a member of Dartmouth with him his domestic establishment, which inMonthly Meeting of Friends, aged 65 years.
cluded his daughter-a playful and interesting On the 19th of 5th month, in Azalia, In- little girl of the age of thirteen. diana, PaebE PEASLEE, in the 77th year of her age, a consistent member of Driftwood Monthly
One day while wandering in the jungle beMeeting
yond the proscribed limits of the camp, an At the residence of her parents, in Knox ourang-outang sprang upon her and carried her county, Ohio, on the 3d inst., Rachel, daughter of off
. Her piercing screams rang through the forJehu and Hannah Lewis, in the 234 year of her est to the ears of her dozen protectors, and roused age, a member of Alum Creek Monthly Meeting. every man in the camp. The swift bare footed
Of consumption, in Brunswick, Maine, on coolies were foremost in pursuit ; and now the the nih inst., at the residence of her father, cry rings in the agonized father's ears that his Thomas Jones, Maria J., wife of John Henry, daughter is devoured by a binatang-again, that Buffum, in the 29th year of her age, a member of Durhan Monthly Meeting.
an ourang-outang has carried her off.
“He rushes, half-phrenzied, with the whole HAVERFORD SCHOOL.
company to the thicket from whence the screams The Winter Term will commence on the second proceeded, and there, among the topmost limbs Fourth-day of the Tenth month next. Application of an enormus banyan, the father beholds his may be made to JONATHAN RICHARDS Superinten- daughter, bleeding, and struggling in the grasp dent, at the school, in person or by letter addressed of a powerful ourang-outang, who held her to West Haverford, Delaware County, Pennsyl. tightly, yet easily, with one arm, while he Yania, by whom all the information required will sprang lightly from limb to limb, as if wholly be given. When more convenient to do so, parties unencumbered. It was in vain to think of shootapplying may register the names of applicants ing the monster, so agile was he. The Dyak with the undersigned. CHARJES YARNALL,
coolies, knowing the habits of the ourang-outang, Secretary Board of Managers,
and knowing that he will always plunge into the No. 39 Market st., Philadelphia. nearest stream when hard pressed, began a system
of operations to drive him to the water; they ROMANTIC ADVENTURE WITH AN
set up a great shout, throwing missiles of all
kinds, and agitating the under brush, while from
some proceeded to ascend the tree. By the rebefore the
American Geographical Society by doubled exertions of the whole company the Captain Gibson, lately returned from the East monster was gradually driven toward the water, Indies, and bringing with him some new facts as yet still holding tightly to the poor girl. to the tribes of Ourang Outang inhabiting the
“At last, the monster and his victim were deserts of that part of the world. He says:
seen on an outstretched limb overhanging the “My statement of the extraordinary peculiari- swimmers in the world, immediately lined the
stream; the coolies, who are among the expertest ties of these apparently semi-human beings has banks ; the soldiers continued the outeries and led to the expression of so much curiosity to know there of them by some, and of skepticism as to throwing of missiles. He clasped his prize more the fact of their existence on the part of others
, tightly, took a survey of the water and of his that I have deemed it due to myself and to the upward-gazing enemies, and then leaped into
the flood below. He had hardly touched the ti on most efficiunt laborers in the cause of emancipa- pursuit ; as he rises a dozen arms are reached John Woolman, who was unquestionably one of water
ere fifty resolute swimmers plunged in in tom; was a native and resident of West Jersey. The out toward him; he is grasped : others lay hold Bubiect, however, had obtained considerable attention he was calleen deghinn upon the insensible girl;
the take part in its transactions.
ourang-outang used both arms to defend, and after lacerating the
THE BALANCE OF POWER.
bodies of some of the coolies with his powerful, of the author is in this sentence. If it be that nervous claws, finally succeeded in diving beyond the “spread of Christianity,” &c., has been the the roach of his pursuers and in escaping down object of British aggressions in all quarters of the stream, while the bleeding, insensible Ledah the globe, and that therefore the end must be was restored to the arms of her father and nurses, held to sanctify the means, we deny the correctin whose hands she was ultimately restored to ness of both the history and the morality inconsciousness, health, and strength once more. volved in that proposition. Is it true that the The girl, now a grown-up woman, is at Ambyna, “immense power” of “this little island” has in the Moluccas.-Late paper.
been sought for the above disinterested purposes ? Take India as an example. Will any
human being venture to affirm that when Lord (Concluded from page 719.)
Clive and Warren Hastings conquered HindosIt must strike every one of our readers, at the tan, by mingled violence and falsehood-by unvery first blush, that there is no country in the provoked aggression, by forged documents, by world that would have so much reason to dread simulated treaties, by the torture of prisoners, the political application of this precious doctrine that they did this for the sake of spreading as England itself
. Nor does this escape the at- Christianity and civilization. Was this the motention of the writer before us. And most tive that induced Lord Auckland to invade Aff. amusing, certainly, is the perfect näiveté with ghanistan, or Sir Charles Napier to annex which he provides a means of escape from the Scinde, or Commodore Lambert to attack Ranconsequences of his own theory. “It is not, goon? Can any body pretend that there were however, so much the amount of power possessed any motives at work in these cases but the gratiby any one state that is objectionable, as the fication of the ambition or revenge of the actors, direction and tendency of that power. No state, or, at the very best, the acquisition of power and perhaps no two states, on the habitable globe glory for themselves and their country? But possess such immense power as this little island. even if "the spread of Christianity," &c. had But that power has been almost uniformly exer- been the object, would that have justified "this cised to the spread of Christianity, civilization little island" in grasping such "immense power” and commerce-to the humanizing and improving by such means ? The answer shall be given in of the common species.” We do not remember the words of another British Quarterly Rein the whole of our comic literature so exquisite viewer, in the very same number, who, underan illustration as this of profound and unconscious taking to rebuke the Peace party for deprecating self-complacency. “ You must not take more the present war on grounds which they had never than your share of that orange," quoth John to taken, says, in language which we commend to Bill. “ Neither must you," replies Bill to John the attention of his colleague, "We say that of “O yes, I may,” says John, " for I am a good all the forms of religious bigotry there is none
I boy, and you are a naughty one." Let it be re- that we execrate so deeply as that which prompts membered that the question is, the maintenance men to assign a religious reason for a moral of an equipoise between certain great powers in wrong Europe, all of which are recognized as legitimate But perhaps the meaning of the Reviewer members of the commonwealth of nations, and was, that though England may have acquired the problem to be solved is how to prevent any her inordinate power by very questionable one of these from attaining a preponderant politi- means, all Europe should acquiesce in her recalinfluence. The preservation of this equilibrium tention of it, because, when acquired, “it is is so important that the rules of morality must almost uniformly exercised for the spread of be sacrificed to it without compunction, and Christianity," &c. But historical facts again every means which political wisdom can devise directly contradict this overweening assumption. must be held lawful for the depression of any It is notorious that so far from trying to spread state “ acquiring a dangerous predominance." Christianity, the British power in India was for But, says this writer, England must be an excep. many years strenuvusly "exercised,” to resist its tion to this rule, because she employs her power introduction among the natives, and that the in the right “direction and tendency.” And Protestant Missionaries who entered that counwho is to decide that? Oh! England herself, try had to do so under the protection of the of course!!
Danish flag, in order to evade the stern interdict But let us examine, a little more closely, the of their own countrymen.
And since then, as reason assigned for this special exemption of those Missionaries sorrowfully testify, the most England from the operation of the ordinary laws formidable obstructions to the success of their which govern “the balance of power.” Eng- labors, is the practical comment on the religion land may have more power than all the other of peace afforded by the incessant wars of ag. states, because it has been “uniformly"-we beg gression and conquest by which our country en pardon-"almost uniformly, exercised to the have whitened the soil of India with the bozes spread of Christianity, civilization and com- of its own inhabitants. And as for civilization merce.” It is not very clear what the meaning and commerce, where are the tokens of them ?
Are they to be found in flourishing cities falling, Bacon, in a passage which they are constantly
, into decay—in a soil the most exuberant in the citing, thus frankly explains their doctrine : world going out of cultivation--in a country “Princes should keep due sentinel lest their without roads, bridges, harbors, tanks, or irrigation neighbors do overgrow so (by increase of terriworks-in a miserable population, oppressed by tory, by embracing trade, by approaches, or extortionate taxation, and starving on insufficient the like), as they become more able to annoy food-in a financial administration which shows them than they were." some two or three hundred thousand a year But we remark further, that the “balance of expended on internal improvements, against ten power” theory rests altogether upon the basis, millions absorbed by military establishments ? that the great object of international policy is to We doubt very much whether the Emperor of secure the prerogatives of sovereigns and not Russia could not give a far more satisfactory the rights of peoples. The “power” that is so account of his conquests in Poland, than we sedulously "balanced," is the power of a few can of our conquests in India. And yet so great families, who seem to think that Europe enormous is our national arrogance, that while has been given to them to be carved and diswe loudly exclaim against any other state ex- tributed among themselves. And very curious tending its power, we expect the rest of the it is to find journals which are zealous champions world to believe that we ought to be allowed to of the doctrine of independent nationalities, at do so, to any extent, because we uniformly ex- the same time strenuously uphold a principle ercise our power for the spread of Christianity, which is its direst and most formidable antagocivilization, and commerce.
nist. In an admirable little work recently pubBut to recur to the balance of power, on which lished, entitled The State-System of Europe, by we have a few more remarks to offer.
Dr. Reinhold Solger, the writer traces the origin And first let our readers observe, that it is a and development of this system of political system which proceeds on the assumption, that equilibrium, and demonstrates, as it appears to the interests of nations are and must always us most triumphantly, that in all the dishonest remain mutually antagonistic, and that conse intrigues and desolating wars in which Europe quently they can never assume towards each has been involved in support of this theory, the other any relation but that of malignant jealousy sole object has been the interests and honor of and reciprocal distrust. Montaigne laid it down some half-a-dozen royal dynasties. If any one as an axiom, that “the loss of one nation is the doubts this, let him cast his eye over European profit of another." Montaigne, however, had history for the last three centuries.
What were the apology of living three centuries ago, in a the sanguinary wars which laid waste Italy and semi-barbarous age, when violence and plunder Germany and all the countries of central Euwere deemed the most honorable arts of life.- rope during the seventeenth and eighteenth cenBut the wonder is, that in this nineteenth cen- turies, but struggles for predominance among
tury, after a more enlightened and generous the rival houses of Hapsburgh, of Bourbon, of I philosophy and a more frequent and cordial Vasa, of Brandenburgh? The people, indeed,
intercourse between the countries of the world, whom the princes find it always so easy to gull, have reversed this narrow creed, and taught imagined that they were fighting for religion or men, that in the family of nations, as in the for liberty; but with the dynasties they were human body, "when one member suffers, all the mere pretexts for the accomplishment of their members suffer with it," and when one pros- own ambitious purposes of personal or family pers all the others should rejoice, we should find aggrandizement. But this is most fully brought intelligent and liberal men uphold and eulogize out by the acts of those great political cona systein which embodies and consecrates, in its ferences, expressly and avowedly convened for adnakedest form, this ancient and barbarous justing the balance of power, such as the Con. maxim. For is it not manifest, according to the gress of Westphalia in 1648, and the Congress principle above avowed, that when any country of Vienna in 1815. What took place at the proceeds rapidly upon the path of progress and former ? “After having been balancing their development, and thereby augments the power armies and their treasuries against each other which might render it dangerous to its neigh- for many years,” says Dr. Solger, "and each bors, all other countries should regard them- power having found it impossible to appropriate selves as aggrieved by its prosperity, should the whole (of Germany), an understanding was watch for an occasion to arrest and cripple that at length effected that the three powers should prosperity, and should rejoice over any calamity go shares. Thus the house of Bourbon obtained by which it might be overthrown ? It is vain the German province of Alsace, the house of to say, that you mean only the undue growth of Hapsburgh the province of Bohemia, and the military and territorial power, because that is house of Vasa the greater part of Pomerania, not what merely or even mainly contributes to whilst their respective allies amongst the German the strength by which one state can overbalance princes obtained by stipulation a proportionate another. Besides that, in fact, the advocates of increase of territory. On the whole 140 pieces the balance do not so restrict their meaning. Lord of land were in this manner parcelled out
among the contracting parties at the peace of sis simply ridiculous.” The idea of the balance Westphalia, that is, other parties were despoiled originated, as we have already shown, in the of 140 pieces of land, to satisfy the greediness of rivalry of a few large monarchies, who seemed to those who had the greatest number of troops in the regard Europe as a bowling.green on which they field, or employed the greatest skill in outwitting were to play a game at bowls for their own adtheir colleagues at the diplomatic conferences. ... vantage or amusement. At that time everything This was the first General Congress of all the favoured their purpose. The divine right of European Princes, by which it was established kings was a dogma which none dare question; as a principle, that the greater dynasties might, constitutional government did not exist eren in by common agreement, enlarge, or curtail, or idea; the people, sunk in ignorance and oppresentirely abolish, the small ones, and might dis- sion, were regarded as the mere instruments to pose of the countries and peoples of Europe be employed by the monarchs for their own profit amongst themselves as so much property.”- or glory; communication between the inhabiPrecisely the same process was repeated, as our tants of different countries was difficult and rare; readers too well know, at the Congress of Vi- commerce, and especially international commerce
And what at this moment is the pretext was a matter of small account, and fighting employed for suppressing the aspirations of the seemed to be the only serious business about Continental people for liberty and independ- which the age concerned itself, and by which all ence? Why, the balance of power. Why questions, whether in politics, theology, or mormust not Hungary be free? Because that als, were to be summarily solved. And our would rob the house of Hapsburgh of a part of statesmen seem to imagine that the clumsy esp? its inheritance, and by enfeebling the Austrian dient, which but imperfectly answered the purEmpire, disturb the European equilibrium.- pose even then, when the elements to be ruled But, on the other hand, why is a French army were comparatirely few and simple, will meet marched into Rome? Because Austria was in the requirements of that new and infinitely more danger of acquiring an undue preponderance in complicated state of society, which has developed Italy. Why was Schleswig-Holstein detached itself in Europe within the last hundred years
. from Germany, to which it belonged by race, Yes, in an age which, instead of king worship, language and sympathy, and transferred to Den has seen almost all the sovereigns of Europe mark? Because that increase of territory to fugitives from their own dominions, when the Denmark was necessary to keep the political aspirations of popular liberty have become uni. equipoise in that direction.
versal, when knowledge and a daring spirit of And finally, we observe, that those who ad- inquiry have inspired the masses every where here to the principle of the balance of power, with the consciousness of their own importance
, obstinately ignore the new and important ele when the industrial and commercial element ments that are constantly imported into the has grown to such prodigious dimensions as utEuropean system, and which utterly overthrow terly to outweigh the military, when the question this antiquated tradition. It is noticeable that which ferments the people of Europe is not the if any person be found who refuses to bow to this aggrandizement of empires, but the independence idol, and to utter the shibboleth of its worship of oppressed nationalities, when social and politpers, they are straightway branded with being ical problems of new and awful significance are men of narrow minds” (that is the cant phrase), on all hands pressing for solution, when nations unable to take a comprehensive and statesman- are daily drawn together into closer relations of like view of European politics. Now we say it, intercourse and dependence, and new worlds be not by way of mere recrimination, but from a de- yond the ocean have been brought so near as to liberate and sincere conviction of its truth, that affect most vitally our own European orbit-in the charge of narrow-mindedness lies far more such a state of things as this, we repeat, our justly against our opponents. For what are they statesmen still complacently dream that they can attempting to do, but to regulate the affairs of govern the universe by virtue of the same bar the modern world upon a system which sprang ren fiction as their predecessors did, when, to up in the midst of circumstances totally differ- quote the languge of Lord Bacon “during that ent, and which, grossly selfish and immoral in triumvirate of kings, King Henry the Eighth of principle as it was at the very best, has become England, Francis the First, king of France, and wholly inapplicable to the exigencies of our age. Charles the Fifth, emperor
, there was such a "The diplomatists of Vienna," says Dr. Solger, watch kept that none of the three could win a “are still unconscious, to this very day, that the palm of ground but the other two would straightprogress of the United States of America-the
ba ce it, either by confederation or, if opening of the Chinese empire--the rapid rise need were, by a war."--Ilerald of Peace. of California and Australia - the 'incredible facility of communication, and the progress of science and enlightenment-must, sooner or later, break through their treaties, and make One folly is generally, the parent of many their efforts to balance the world upon their ba.' more.
NEBRASKA-ITS GEOGRAPHY AND NATURAL sides are nearly perpendicular, their surfaces filat,
and often covered with mountain cherries and Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune.
other shrubs. They have the appearance of haSt. Louis, June 15, 1851. ving been suddenly elevated above the surroundThe passage of the Nebraska and Kansas Ter-ing surface by some specific cause. This marl ritorial bill, with the peculiar clauses in it and and limestone formation is, in many localities, the peculiar circumstances under which it was worked into fantastic or picturesque forms by enacted and approved, have created a more than the action of the elements. In one place, esordinary interest in the public mind of the na- pecially, called by the traders Mauvaise Terre, tion relative to the natural capabilities of those (the bad ground,) and about thirty miles in diTerritories and their prospective condition. I ameter, it has assumed a marvellous variety of *propose to give you for the information of your singular forms. From one point of view it asreaders, an accurate geographical description of suces the aspect of an extensive and frowning these Territories, derived chiefly from personal fortification; from another, the appearance of an observation and diligent inquiries of traders and oriental city crowned with domes and minarets ; trappers during a long period of familiar inter- and from a third, the appearance of a sterile course with them.
broken and unattractive congregation of inconIn this letter I shall begin with the Nebraska gruous elements. These delusive appearances Territory, leaving that of Kansas to occupy a are produced by distance and the position of the
The boundaries of Nebraska, as given in the late act of Congress, are as follows,
The wrecks of the diluvian period of geology viz: North by the 49th parallel of latitude, sep- are spread all over this region, and most proarating our territories westward from Great Bri- fusely on that portion north of the Mississippi tain ; South by the 40th parallel a few miles be- River. Detached masses of rock, some of them low the north-west corner of the State of Mis- hundreds of tuns in weight, wholly unconnected souri, east by the Missouri River, the western with the adjacent geological formations, and eviline of Minnesota, and west by the main ridge dently allied to those of the northern Rocky of the Rocky Mountains.
Mountain region, dot the whole country.
The district which I will call the fourth, lying River westward to the spurs of the mountains is north of the Missouri River and west of Minnerolling prairie, but little diversified in its aspect sota, is a succession of undulating plaius, the save by the intersection of its streams. The soil of which is quite fertile, but rather dry. soil
, for a space varying from 50 to 100 miles These plains are covered with a thick grassy west of the Missouri River and the State line, sward, which sustains innumerable herds of bison, is nearly identical with that of Iowa and Mis- elk and deer. souri. The highlands are open prairies, covered The fifth district is at the base of the Black with
grasses ; the river bottom a deep rich loam, Hills, between that range and the Rocky Mounshaded by dense forests. From this first district tains, and includes the valley of the Yellow Stone, to about the mouth of L'eau qui Court (Run- of the Maria's River and a variety of other ning Water River,) it is one boundless expanse small valleys, circumvallated by an amphitheatre of rolling prairie, so largely intermixed with of mountains and gorgeous mountain scenery. sand as to be almost unfit for ordinary agricul. The valley of the Yellow Stone is spacious, fertural purposes. The prairies are, however, car- tile and salubrious. The streams are fringed peted with succulent grasses, affording an inex- with trees, from whence the valley ex pavds many haustible supply for herds of cattle and sheep. miles to the mountains. The traveler can al
The third district is a formation of marl and most imagine himself upon the Danube, for the earthy limestone, and extends in a belt of many valley is sprinkled over at long intervals with miles east and west of the Mandan Village, on the cyclopean structures of granite closely assimilated most northern bend of the Missouri River, and in appearance, from a distant view, to the stern south ward across the southern boundary of the and solitary castles with which Europe was cov. Territory. This soil cannot be otherwise than ered and guarded during the middle ages. But very productive. I should think it especially these structures exceed those of Europe in magadapted to wheat, rye, barley and oats. I have nitude and grandeur, and the woods and waters seen, also, very fine Indian corn along the upper are disposed with a taste and beauty which the valleys of the Missouri River. It is in this dis- highest art must ever toil after in vain. It is trict that what are called buttes by the Canadian encircled by a rich girdle of heights and mcunFrench and cerros by the Spaniards, are pro- tains, the bases and dark sides of which are obfusely scattered. Here and there the traveller scured in shrubs, and the summits tufted with finds surfaces varying in diameter from a hun- noble forest trees. And here is to be the seat dred feet to a mile, elevated from fifteen to fifty of a populous and powerful community in the feet above the surrounding surface. They are far future. not hills or knobs, the sides of which are more
The Missouri River was ascended by Lewis or less steep and covered with grass. Their and Clarke, in canoes, a distance of 3,000 miles.