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clay in the south part of the city. They were E. Ball assured the House that his only desire called together and addressed on the same sub- was that the established church might become ject, the same offer of the simple beverage above more pure, and therefore more useful. In 1837, alluded to was made to them, they complied with Lord Derby admitted that church rates were a it; not a laborer in my employ, in that clay bank died. But mark the contrast: on the other side iers? The founders of the Sunday school system,
Who were the Dissen.
grievance to Dissenters. of that same clay bank were other laborers, thirty the promoters of education, the supporters of misof them. To keep off the cholera, and stimulate them to greater exertion, the contractor furnish- sions and religious societies. On these grounds ed tbem, at regular intervals, strong drink-in. they were entitled to great consideration from the toxicating poisons. Ten of the thirty of these House; a claim which was supported by their poor Irishmen fell victims, not to the cholera great numbers. The question had come to this alone, but to the whiskey jug.
point: that they must either abolish church rates, I give you, Mr. Editor, these facts, with the or be prepared for a continued religious strise from hope that they may operate as a warning. Let one end of the country to the other. For the cause the laboring man, especially, avoid the grog shop; 1 of religion, he would give up the church rates, to for he may rely upon it, that the pestilence lurks avoid the strife to which he had referred. there, watching to catch him. Let no one be be
The Chancellor of the Exchequer made some guiled for a moment by the idea that he is safe, observations which were not very clear, if indeed because he thinks he gets pure liquor. He can
they were consistent with each other. He admit. have no certainty of getting it, while he may
ted that the church rates were a wrong for which sure, in ninety-nine cases in the hundred, that he does not get it; and if he does get it pure, he there ought to be a remedy, but appeared to think may be sure that he gets intoxicating poison,
this bill could not become a law at the present never useful, always injurious as a beverage in session ; and said he would not assent to the pro
l health. Yours, very truly,
position that the alternative lay between counteE. C. DELAVAN. AVAN.
nancing these rates and abolishing them. The Ballstone Centre, July 13th, 1854.
case for a change was irresistable. Among the
objections to the present system was the fact that FRIENDS' REVIEW. the existence of a legal obligation which could PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 5, 1834.
not be enforced, tended to weaken the adminis.
tration of the law, and he conceived that the rates Such of our readers as are in the practice of were a grievance both to churchmen and Dissen. examining the articles which appear in our paper, ters. But he did not consider that church rates will probably remember an interesting essay on ought to be abolished. the subject of church rates, which was published J. Bright, dilated on the mischievous character in the 430 number of the current volume. In that of the rates, disavowing any hostility to the church article reference is made to the introduction of a of England except as a political institution, which bill into parliament for the abolition of those rates; he did not think useful; and he contended that and in the account of the late Yearly Meeting of the church would have far more success if it deLondon, which appeared in our 420 number, no- pended upon its own exertions, as the Dissenters tice is given, that a draft of a petition to parlia- did. The Dissenters did not come there as supment, in support of the bill above alluded to, was plicants. They had been from the time of the reprepared for the general signature of Friends at- formation, a growing body in that country. The tending that Yearly Meeting. This was on the Puritans first, the Nonconformists afterwards, and 31st of Fifth month. Of the presentation of that the Dissenters now, and all the power of the petition, the editor has seen no account. But in Jameses, the Charleses and the Georges had not the Scottish Press under date of June 23, we have been able to arrest the deepening, widening, fer* a brief notice of 'a debate which occurred on the tilizing and purifying stream of Nonconformity, 21st of that month, in the House of Commons, in which existed in the country. He thought that relation to that bill.
far higher interests than those either of Dissenting A motion was made for the second reading of sects, or of the established church were involved the bill, and supported by several members; but in the question. Was it not possible that, if this Goulburn condemned it as unjust in principle, element of discord were removed, and that sects and inconsistent with sound political wisdom andi and churches would live together more in har Christian charity. It recognised the doctrine of mony—if it could be said of them as it was of the the separation of Church and State. He moved as Christians in the early ages of the church : "Look :an amendment that the bill should be read a se. how these Christians love one another;" was it cond time that day six months ; which was in not far more likely than at present that that large Jeality, that it should be rejected.
out-cast part of the people, who are not touched
by any religious organization, would feel them.
HAVERFORD SCHOOL. selves attracted, some to the established church,
The Winter Term will commence on the second and some to the various Dissenting sects ? In be. Fourth-day of the Tenth month next. Application half, then, of the Dissenters, of the church, of reli- dent, at the school, in person or by letter addressed
may be made to JONATHAN RICHARDS Superinten. gion, and of civil liberty, which was really con- to West Haverford, Delaware County, Pennsylcerned in this question, he hoped that the House vania, by whom all the information required will would that day express its opinion in such a man- be given. When more convenient to do so, parties ner that if unfortunately this bill were lost, the applying may register the names of applicants
with the undersigned. member from London would nevertheless feel
CHARJES YARNALL, that he had magnified the lion in his path, and that
Secretary Board of Managers, if he would next session, take up this question on
No. 39 Market st., Philadelphia. the simple plan of abolishing these rates, and of
OAK GROVE SCHOOL, & appealing to the good sense, the liberaliiy, and
Vassalboro, Maine. Christian feeling of the church population, the The Fall Term of this School will commence
House would support him, and this long vexed on Third day, the 29th of Eighth month next, e question might be set at rest forever.
under the care of Franklin E. Paige, late of Lord John Russel said that this proposal for the Haverford, Principal., Instruction given in the unqualified abolition of church rates was intended and French languages.
higher English branches, and the Latin, Greek to forward the views of those who were opposed The location of this School, in a neighborhood to all establishments, and as he deprecated the of Friends, and near the Meeting House, renders destruction of the established church, he could it a desirable situation for Friends' children.
Terms of tuition, ranging from $3.50 to $6.00 not be expected to support the measure. He dis
per term of twelve weeks, one-half payable on cussed various plans which had been suggested entering, and remainder at the middle of the term. as substitutes for these rates, and declared his be- No scholar admitted for less than half a term. lief that the churches of the country ought to be
Vassalboro, Miane, 7th mo. 18, 1854. considered, not as belonging to a sect, but to the Address to the Members of the Religious Society nation, and ought to be supported by the land.
of Frinds in New England, and the Lovers They had a national church, an hereditary aristo- of Peace of Every Name. Issued by New 1 cracy, and an hereditary monarchy, and these England Yearly Meeting.
must all stand or fall together. As this bill was DEAR FRIENDS : The present is a day of subversive of one of these great institutions, he great excitement. Much that is calculated to should oppose it.
draw the minds of the people into fellowship The question being put to vote, there appeared with the maxims and policy of the world is transfor the second reading 192, for the amendment, piring,—much against which it is necessary for alias, the rejectiou of the bill, 209; majority against the believer to watch. the bill, 27.
We have felt our minds engaged, as we trust, in From this brief outline of the arguments in the brotherly love, to address a word of exhortation case, it appears evident that the system of church
to our own members, to incite them to increased rates is continued, not as a part of a Christian, but word of encouragement to all who love the cause
watchfulness, and, if so it may be, to offer a of a political establishment. Lord John Russell of truth and peace to seek to have their minds must have been hard run for arguments when he
so stayed upon the unfailing arm of divine supadmitted, as he did, at least by implication, that port that the Lord may direct their hearts inthe church of England required for its support the to the love of God, and into the patient waiting compulsive contributions of those who dissent for Christ.”—(2 Thes. iii. 5.) from its doctrines and practice.
“In your patience possess ye your souls,”
(Luke xxi. 19) is an injunction of our blessed Just issued from the press in this city: Memoirs Lord; and the promise of the Most High, by of Joseph John Gurney, in two volumes. Edited the prophet, remains sure : “ Thou wilt keep by Joseph Bevan Braithwaite. For sale at several him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on bookstores in this city. Price $3.50.
thee, because he trusteth in thee."-(Isaiah xxvi.
3.) Died,-On the 28th of Fifth month, at the resi. The fulfilment of this precious promise is to dence of his daughter, Rachel N. Hoge, in Loudon be witnessed only through watchfulness unto Co., Va., Mahlon ScholField, a member of Hope- prayer. « What I
say unto all, well Monthly Meeting, in the 85th year of his age. Watch.”-(Mark xiii. 37.) “ Watch ye and Near Milton, Wayne County, Indiana, on
the 12th of last month, of pulmonary consump- pray, lest ye enter into temptation.”—(Mark xiv. tion, ISABELLA, wife of Charles T. Westcomb, a
These commands of our adorable Saviour member of Whitewater Monthly Meeting, in the cannot be obeyed by the mind which is engrossed 38th year of her age.
by the exciting and clashing elements of this
world; and, while we are deeply sensible of our i What are the feelings which the thought of frailty, we may remember, for our strength and scenes such as these should excite in
huencouragement, the gracious declarations of our
mane breast ? Lord : Ask, and it shall be given you; seek
In the ranks of the invading army
mang and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened there are who have left behind them fathers
, unto you: for every one that asketh, receiveth; who have looked to them, it may be, as the staff and he that sceketh, findeth ; and to him that of their declining years; mothers, who have knocketh, it shall be opened.—(Matt. vii. 7, 8.) looked upon their sons with an affection and so
But the natural man receiveth not these licitude which only a mother feels; sisters, things; they are the things of the Spirit ;-they brothers, wives, -all these tender ties of life
, are foolishness unto him, neither can hé know left to obey the cruel behests of war; and multhem, because they are spiritually discerned. titudes of them never to revisit their native land, From hence come the evils and contentions that but whose bones will be left to whiten a foreign abound.
soil. What ties are severed, what hearts are Our blessed Lord declares that from within, made to bleed, what hopes are forever destroyed, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts
, by the embodying and going forth to battle of wickedness, deceit, pride, foolishness, and all every army! those other evils mentioned in the text (Mark These considerations relate to earth. There vii. 21, 22), which afflict mankind; and the are other considerations, of infinitely higher and apostle James holds this language : “From greater moment. whence come wars and fightings among you ?
In the strife of battle what multitudes are hurcome they not hence, even of your lusts, that ried into eternity, it is greatly to be feared, in war in your members ?"-(James iv. 1.) an unprepared state ! - brought to stand before
The humble believer in Jesus desires and the judgment seat of Christ, suddenly, from the earnestly seeks to be redeemed from evil. He field of bloody strife, amid the displays of the desires that the hard and stony heart may be ta- unhallowed passions of rapine and bloodshed;ken away ;-that he may have a heart of flesh, fresh, it may be, from the shedding of a fellowa heart to feel for others' woes, -a heart to sym- creature's blood. pathise with others' sorrows; that, instead of What fearful considerations, these, to the rehardness or malice towards any, pure love to all flecting mind! What an awful responsibility may prevail within him,-love that worketh no rests upon the promoters and abettors of war! ill to his neighbor,-love that is, therefore, the We greatly desire that we may all be clear fulfilling of the law.—(Rom. xiii.10.)
in these respects. Let us beware, then, beloved " Love your enemies, bless them that curse friends, how we, in any manner or degree,
beyou, do good to them that hate you, and pray come leavened into the spirit of war;—of how for them that despitefully use and persecute we partake in any measure of the excitement you.”—Matt. v. 41.) These commandments which war, now so unhappily prevailing, engenare practical in their nature, and are obligatory ders. Let us seek earnestly to be preserved in upon us.
consistency, as the followers of the Prince of After many years, in which the blessings of Peace. peace have, to a great extent, been enjoyed by How should we long that everything within the principal nations of the world, we are pained us, which can be joined to a warlike spirit
, may from across the Atlantic with the sound of war, be removed !—that we may take no part, eren and war wide spread and desolating, in which in feeling, with the contentions, the victories or several of the great nations of Europe are about defeats of war, except to deplore them, and to to engage.
crave the speedy coming of that blessed gospel Every battle of the warrior is with confused day, when they shall beat their swords into noise, and garments rolled in blood.”—(Isaiah ploughshares, and their spears into pruning ix. v.) Already do we realize, in the history of hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against narecent events, the truth of this scripture. Al- tion, neither shall they learn war any more.” ready are cities laid waste, and the dwellings -(Isaiah ii. 4.) of their peaceful inhabitants destroyed. Al- It becomes, the Christian, when he hears or ready are multitudes of unoffending people sub- reads of the events of war, and of the bloodshed jected to the awful miseries of war. Not only and misery it produces, to remember that they men, who were perhaps, in the peaceful pursuit are the fruits of the carnal mind, which is elof their daily avocations, but the tender mother, mity against God, “ for it is not subject to the with her helpless infant and innocent children, law of God, neither indeed can be,” (Rom. vii. is driven, homeless, out upon the world, by the 7); while, on the contrary, “the fruit of the dreadful operations of war; or perhaps they spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentlethemselves, involved in the destruction of their ness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance; dwellings, are left to form a part of the ruin against such there is no law.”—Gal. v. 29, 23.) which marks the spot, a short time only before We feel a lively concern on this important their peaceful homes.
subject, for our dear friends who are parents
GROWTH AND COMMERCE OF CALIFORNIA.
who have the care of youth. May you, beloved under the guidance of the Prince of Peace, -tod
, friends, feel your responsibility, in the sight of discourage the spirit of war. the All-seeing eye, faithfully to discharge your What though your efforts may appear feeble duty herein to the objects of your love and of and unavailing ? what though the war spirit may Jour care.
rise in many and varied forms to oppose you? Fathers are bound to look upon their children Remember, the cause of truth is mighty, and as tender plants, under their care to be reared must prevail,—the Lamb and his followers will and trained for heaven. We beseech you, in a have the victory. prayerful spirit, to seek to impress upon their tender minds the great Christian duty of love. Teach them to restrain their unruly passions, and to learn to forgive as they hope to be forgiven.
We find in a speech delivered on the 29th of The precepts of the gospel are couched in plain Fifth month, in committee of the whole House and simple, yet beautiful and impressive, lan- of Representatives, by James A. McDougal, guage : " But if ye do not forgive, neither will member from California, the following statements, your Father which is in heaven forgive your respecting the growth and commerce of this ritrespasses."-(Mark xi. 26.) The exhibitions of military show and prepa
sing State. The subject nominally under conration should be set before them in their true sideration was the state of the Union. The oblight, and they early taught that they are parts ject of the speech was to enforce the imporof the antichristian system of war, and should tance, the advantages and the necessity of conbe considered in that light, and not as attractive structing a railroad to connect the Atlantic with displays for recreation and amusement.
the Pacific coasts. Mothers, you too, can do much in this holy cause, in
The State of California has now a population domestic circles, when your
your dren are around you.
How powerful and last- of 300,000 persons; and from the fact that they ing, often, are the impressions made upon these are almost exclusively effective men, they may
, by the precepts and prayers of concerned moth be considered fully equal to any other population ers! We beseech you, let these precepts be in of 700,000 in capacity, either for labor or entera spirit of the Gospel. Speak to your children prise. of a Saviour's love,-of the love of him whose
The city of San Francisco has a population of advent was proclaimed by angels, with the from 50,000 to 75,000 persons, and is already blessed annunciation of, “Glory to God in the second only to New York in point of commercial highest, and on earth peace, good will toward importance, while in the amount of her tonnage men."-(Luke ii. 14.)
she is competing with the second city in the
Union. And, O! when you remember your sisters in
It has been said that “money is power.” a foreign land, who may even now be subjected. The gold of California has been the master power to the vicissitudes of war, with all its train of that by its force has scemed to realize the fabled evils and miseries, speak to your children of these birth of the ancient Tyre, said to have sprung in words of pity and commiseration.
perfect, with palace and temple and busy mart, Enter into feeling for them, and make, as far from the foam of “the great sea." The gold as you can, their case your own;-as if you, too, fields of California have proved rich beyond any with those you hold dear, were the victims of known parallel
. Within the last five years they the cruelties of war. To the lovers of peace of every name, so far
have produced over $300,000,000. Within the as we may be permitted to speak to such as these, ducts of our own rivers and mountains, have
past year over $80,000,000 in treasure, the prowe would hold the language of encouragement, passed out of our golden gate. If I remember and say, « Follow
with all men.”-(Heb. xii. 14.) Shrink not from any suffering to which about 1835 und 1856, the estimated amount of
right, during the great currency controversy, a faithful support of your testimony to the un- the entire specie basis of the currency of the lawfulness of war may subject you. Adhere
United States was $80,000,000. The State of steadfastly thereto, through evil report and California contributes annually to the currency through good report.
of the country an amount equal to the entire Remember that it is through suffering that real currency of the whole Union eighteen years the victory is obtained, and that the weapons of
ago. our warfare are not carnal, but mighty, through While upon this subject, I may as well state God, to the pulling down of strong holds — a fact incident to the commerce of California, bringing into captivity every thought, to the obe- which may serve somewhat to disabuse gentledience of Christ.-(2 Cor. x. 4, 5.)
men upon this floor of the impression that CaliThe present is a day which calls peculiarly fornia is a burden upon the federal treasury: or faithfulness,-every one in the sphere of life For the last four years the customs collected at llotted him, in meekness and humility, and San Francisco have averaged $2,500,000; du
ring the year 1851, over $3,200,000 was paid the operations of government, and particularly, for customs at that port. These amounts have as a medium of defence in case of war;
which been principally paid upon direct importations remarks, for obvious reasons, are here omitted. from abroad, while more than two-thirds of our foreign merchandise pays duties in the Atlantic He then proeeeds : : cities; so that the people of the State of Cali- I have but glanced at some of the considerafornia have in fact paid annually into the fede- tions that make this enterprise a political neces. ral treasury over $7,000,000. While the peo- sity. I will now call your attention to its comple of the Atlantic States pay two dollars per mercial importance. In doing this, I shall not capita per annum into the federal treasury, the deal in magnificent pictures of results in perpeople of California pay over twenty dollars. As spective, but with present facts. liberal as the federal government has been to
Aud first, I affirm, and will undertake to show, California, it should be remembered, that while that the want of a railroad to the Pacific operates in her infancy, just sprung out of chaos, with a direct loss to the people of the United States scarce her wings adjusted, she has returned more in time, property, and money, each year, equal than she ever received from the parental bounty; to the annual expenses of the federal governbesides having poured out upon all these States ment-a loss that in two years would be more treasures of wealth that have given an impulse than equal to the entire cost of a complete rail. and a support to agriculture, commerce, and man- road to the Pacific. ufactures, felt everywhere, from the Gulf of I will endeavor to give the facts ard figures. Mexico to the Northern lakes.
During the year 1853 there arrived in the port While the mineral wealth of California has of San Francisco from the Atlantic ports 443 resheretofore constituted its most marked feature, sels, with 423,230 tuns of merchandise; the it must not be understood that the treasures of merchandise having a value, as I have stated, of the mine constitute its only claim to considera- not less than $100,000,000. Most of these tion. No part of the Union, not even the rich freights arrived by clipper ships, and the average bottoms of the Mississippi, equals in fertility the cost of freight was not less than $30 per tan. valleys of that State. I know of no other soil The average time consumed was about five that yields such rich returns to the labors of months; during this time the merchandise was the husbandman. And this soil is not confined, dead capital, and properly chargeable with inas many have supposed, to a few scattered valleys, terest, which call 5 per cent. It is well under. but constitutes a large proportion of the superfi- stood that the injury and loss not covered by incial area of the entire country. With a fertile surance upon almost every article of mercbansoil, there is a uniform, invigorating, and salu- dise that in the cour:e of a long voyage bas to brious climate—a better climate than that in pass twice through the tropics, amounts to a very which were bred the men of old Romea bet- considerable per cent. on its value. Flour, pork, ter climate than that of Italy. I expect, beef, sugar, molasses, cotton and woolen fábrics, sir, to be charged with exaggeration ; but I state clothing, and indeed almost all articles of merthe fact.
chandise, from a variety of causes incident to the There is still another feature which I do not voyage, arrive in San Francisco either less in wish to overlook. I speak of the great bay of quantity or injured in quality. This loss has San Francisco.
been averaged by our most intelligent merchants Far-seeing and intelligent men for the past at 7 per cent. on the value of importations. century have there located the point where was These charges and losses in the shipment of to grow up a great city, which would hold the merchandise by the way of Cape Horn may be keys of the commerce of the Pacific, and com
thus stated : maud the rich commerce not only of that great Insurance on $100,000,000 merocean, but of the ancient East. In five short chandise, at 4 per cent,
$1,000,000 years the foundations of that city have been laid, Interest on $100,000,000, at 5 and already vessels freighted to and from her wharves are to be found upon every sea, and in Losses on $100,000,000 merchanalmost every port of the civilized world.
dise (not covered by insurance) I have made these statements--presented these Freight on 423,230 tuns, at $30
12,696,900 facts; I have asked for them the attention of this committee; and I now ask whether California, Making an aggregate of 28,696,909 her interests and necessities, may not justly demand the attentive consideration of this body, It is estimated, and fairly estimated, that du. and of all those who hold the powers of the gov- ring the last year 110,000 passenger transits ernment in their hands.
were made to and fro between the Atlantic and The orator then introduces some observations travellers by sea and land. The average cost to
Western States and the Pacific coast, including intended to illustrate the advantage and impor- each has not been less than $250, and the aretance of a rail road, as a means of facilitating rage of time consumed not less than 40 days ;