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learned man.

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preme in portance, there was ever preserved aof which I could not dispossess myself, that I calmness and discretion which held steadily the must enter his drawing room with my balance of truth, and saved him from both ex. From this sacrifice, strange and unaccountable tremes of mystic exaggeration and doctrinal ri- as it may appear, I could not escape. In a gidity.

Friend's attire, and with my hat on, I entered From his twelfth to his fifteenth year, Joseph the drawing-room at the dreaded' monient, shook John Gurney was at school in Norwich; and hands with the mistress of the house, went back was well taught in the classics and kindred lite into the hall, deposited my hat, spent a rather rature by his master, who had been one of Dr. comfortable evening, and returned home in some Parr's scholars. In 1803 he was sent to Oxford, degree of peace. I had afterwards the same privately to pursue his studies, under the care of thing to do at the Bishop's; the result was, that Mr. John Rogers, a worthy, eccentric, and I found myself the decided Quaker, was per

Being a diligent student, and fectly understood to have assumed that characpossessing great facility in the acquirement of ter, and to dinner parties, except in the family knowledge, as well as ardent love for it, the circle, was asked no more. young Gurney here obtained that fair learning It was when twenty-nine years old, and in which appears in several of his works, and which public meeting at Lynn, that Joseph John Gurcertainly distinguished him from all other Qua- ney first felt impelled to say a few words to the ker writers, as competent to a somewhat scholarly Friends, as a minister of the Gospel. He had and profound treatment of biblical subjects, passed through times of thought, struggle, sufwith a view to the discrimination and establish- fering, and spiritual refreshment ere this; and ment of the doctrine of the Friends. In 1806, was, we think, if ever any was, qualified to be he entered the bank at Norwich; and hence- the helper of the faith and love of his fellow forth was a man of business, and bent (as he believers. Throughout his long ministry, he said at starting) on “cutting some figure in busi- preached the gospel as one who felt the necessity ness,” too. Yet he was not indifferent to study. on him, and it was, to multitudes besides his The languages of the original Scriptures, and own people (as we can testify), “with demonthe writings of the Fathers, especially engaged stration of the Spirit and with power." These bis attention; and an extensive course of Greek volumes are principally occupied with the rehistory, in the classic writers themselves, was cords of his ministerial labors in different parts kept up with great pleasure. At this time he of the country, in America, and on the Contibecame acquainted with many eminent and nent. Of these we can here give no adequate learned persons; among whom, he writes, were : notion, especially as the narrative of where and

" The late Dr. Sayer the poet (?); Dr. Mid- when he labored, is only the frame in which is dleton, afterwards the first Bishop of Calcutta ; set the picture of his own inner life-a life of Walpole, the author of a • Tour in Greece;' great holiness, which cannot be examined in its William Taylor, abounding in learning, but very springs and streams (as the journals permit us unsound in sentiment; Pitchford, a pious and to see it) without great profit to the Christian well-informed Roman Catholic, and several oth- reader. ers. After I became a decided Friend, I lost Large parts of the memoir contain records of my interest in this kind of society, and it soon his Tours in America and in Europe, his visit to ceased of itself. Dr. Sayer, the brightest and the West Indies, and his intercourse with emithe wittiest of the circle, died; Middleton and nent men at home and abroad. His reminisWalpole left Norwich; Taylor's infidelity becenses of Chalmers have already appeared in a came intolerable to me; and Pitchford settled in separate 'shape. Some interesting notes of an the neighborhood of London."

afternoon with Professor Moses Stuart, of AnThe event referred to in these lines, the “be- dover, would be worth transcribing here, if we coming a decided Friend,” took place in 1812, could give them room. But our final extract when he was twenty-four. Till shortly before shall be, first, of a passage from the journal of that time he had not been, he

says, a believer the last year of the writer's life, which seems in the peculiar pretensions of Friends," though

* The Reviewer here introduces a few observations, belonging to them, and of religious character. which are omitted, clearly proving that he does not An inward struggle of two years preceded his comprehend the principle on which this peculiarity is more “decided” adherence to the Society; and founded. It is curious to observe how much many it evidently was a matter of solemn conviction sensible and well-informed people make of a cerewith him when he avowed that decision. His mony--for they will hardly pronounce it any thing

more than a ceremony-and yet regard the non-obserAutobiography contains a curious incident, as to

vance of that ceremony as evidence of a weak or bethis avowal.

wildered mind. Probably the idolatrous Chaldeans “ Soon after my return home, I was engaged considered the refusal to bow down before the image to a dinner party at the house of one of our first of gold, in compliance with the royal mandate, as the county gentlemen. Three weeks before the result of a Jewish superstition. The Reviewer would

doubtless smile at the suggestion that there may protime was I engaged, and three weeks was my bably be more analogy between the cases than he has young mind in agitation, from the apprehension, thought of.-Ed.

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to express a presentiment of death, and then, of , sation in many hearts, and the question arose, his biographer's account of the prelude to his Can it be possible that that voice will never “ last end.

more be heard within these walls ?' During the * 1846,5 mo. 8. I am remarkably divested Scripture reading with the villagers at the Hall

« now of concerns or objects of any kind ; and in the evening, he was engaged in a striking should it be the will of my heavenly Father to manner on the awful consequences of delay in take me hence to a now unseen state of being, preparation for a dying hour, alluding very I humbly trust that I may be favored with some structively to the two deaths which bad just eepeaceful assurance that all is well : if so, it is curred, and ending with the impressive exhortasurely all of mercy; I have nothing to hold by, tion-Be ye also ready, for at such an hour as besides this; and seldom have I had a clearer ye think not the Son of Man cometh.' These view of my own weakness, and thorough unfit were his last words in ministry with the servants ness in myself

, or on the score of my own works, and cottagers collectively; speedily and solemnis for the bar of perfect discernment and righteous were they confirmed by the event which fol. judgment. But there is a feeling of the vast, lowed.- London Nonconformist. broad wing of loving kindness and unmerited mercy, still spread over me. I write in this

CORNELIUS THE CENTURION. strain, not from any alarm occasioned by my present lowish, state of health, but rather from a “ If war is unlawful for the Christian, surely feeling of being brought to a pause in the cur- Peter would have expected Cornelius to have rent of life, without much prospect of its being given up his commission in the Italian band." preparatory to any particular service.'

After being hard pressed with the peace prin

ciples of the New Testament, many a Christian " At the conclusion of the last meeting, which advocate of war triumphantly makes this obser

. was held about a fortnight previous to his illness, vation, as if it would at once quash further dehe observed that he did not see anything more bate. A little examination of the case of Corbefore him, and that he was almosť inclined to nelius may therefore be useful, in enlightening believe his work in this way was done. On first some minds who are unwilling to relinquish their day morning, the 27th of twelfth month, as he early impressions in favor of war. It would be was setting off with his family to meeting, he gratifying to our curiosity, if in many parts

of received the tidings of the sudden death of his the sacred narrative more particulars of what covalued brother-in-law, Samuel Hoare. He heard curred were related. But it has pleased divize them with calmness, and was closely exercised wisdom that we should derive instruction mode in ministry during the meeting, dwelling much from the general principles of the New Testaand impressively on the text – Thine are we, ment than from their application in individual David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse. cases. Peace, peace be to thee, and peace to thy help- It is reasonable to conclude that Peter accepters, for God helpeth thee.' On his return home ed the urgent invitation of Cornelius and bis he alluded to the removal of his brother Bux- family and friends, to tarry certain days with ton, and his sister Fry; and remarked with them at Cæsarea. We have, however but a very strong emphasis, “We four were closely banded brief account of the subjects of their discourse together in benevolent objects for many years, during that interesting visit. It is very proba and I, who was the most delicate, am the only ble that one of them was the inconsistency of the one remaining. I feel this seriously. He then military profession with the Gospel. Service in walked down to the cottage of his old nurse, to the Roinan army involved acts of idolatry, eetlook at her remains, she having died a few days nected with the military oath, the divine bonus previously. An expression of sweet serenity paid to the standards and to the statues of the dwelt upon his countenance, as he stood by the emperors, &c. It would therefore be most likels

, coffin in her little chamber, and he seemed to that during a sojourn of several days with Cor have a sense of her rest and blessedness as he nelius and his family, Peter would give advice exclaimed, "Poor old nurse! she appears to and exhortation on these subjects ; but in this have passed away most peacefully. Oh, what a as in other cases of the kind, we have no more favor!

may

it be so with me when my turn information of advice being given respecting the comes ! At the close of the afternoon meeting, idolatrous rites connected with military service he bowed the knee in very solemn prayer, ad- than on the unlawfulness of fighting ; so that if verting to the great uncertainty of all things the apostle's silence justifies war, it would also temporal, and fervently petitioning, that every justify idolatry. The same reasoning applies to hindering and obstructing thing might be done the parallel cases of John the Baptist and on away; and we prepared, through the abounding Saviour. If the silence of our Saviour

, respecto riches of redeeming love, to join the countless ing the crimes of those who came to him is comme company who now surronnd the throne. The strued into an approbation of them, some of time deep and touching pathos of his voice, and the most flagrant crimes would be thereby sanction

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Christ's sermon on the mount are so comprehen-with the whole spirit and tenor of the Christian sive, that they would, if practised, not only eradi- system, is easily and amply demonstrable from cate all crime, including war of every kind, but the precepts and doctrines of the New Testament, they would introduce universal peace, love, and

but candor demands the admission that

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very righteousness. This is a consummation that many Christians seem desirous of putting off till tle on that subject can be inferred from the histhe second coming of Christ; whereas, it is evi- tory of Cornelius. dent they were intended to be obligatory from the time they were delivered. It is clear that the Decision of A. D. Smith, Associate Justice of early Christians thus understood their Lord's the Supreme Court of the State of Wisconsin, teaching ; for as long as they retained a pure and in relation to the Fugitive Slave Law. lively sense of his doctrines they refused to serve

(Continued from page 765) as soldiers.

I now come to consider the 4th article of the There is another view of the subject, that it Federal Constitution. The first section provides may be well to bring under the notice of those that “Full faith and credit shall be given in each who plead for defensive war only. Cornelius State, to the public acts, records and judicial and the other soldiers mentioned in the New proceedings of every other State,” &c. The first Testament were in the service of the Roman ém- appearance of the various provisions of this artiperors, who obtained possession of Judea by wars cle (except in relation to fugitives from labor), of ambition and conquest. If their cases, there in the National Convention, was in the “plan of fore, justify war of any kind, it must be aggres- a Federal Constitution," submitted by Charles zive

war, which, in these days of advanced opin- Pinckney, of South Carolina, May 29, 1787. on, few directly advocate, however they may The plan contained no reference to fugitives attempt to justify any particular act of hostili- from labor. Various plans were submitted and

London Friend. referred, propositions made and adopted or rejectThe attempt to deduce from the case of Cor- ed, when, on the 25th day of July, 1787, a Com

mittee of Detail was appointed, consisting of nelius, a valid argument either in support of or seven members, of which Mr. Rutledge of 8. c.

S. C. n opposition to war under the Christian dispen- was chairman, “ to report a constitution conformcsation, appears about equally futile. An argu- able to the resolutions passed by the Conven- . went on either side must be founded

tion." Detitio principi. Of his subsequent history we the Committee of Detail, made a report. In that

On the 6th day of August Mr. Rutledge, from have no information, whether he remained an report the several sections now contained in the dherent to the Christian faith or apostatized 4th article except the clause in relation to fugirom it, is altogether unknown. He may, for tives from labor, which had not yet been thought

thing we know or can know, have immedi-of) followed each other, and the article in regard tely resigned his commission, or he may

to records as yet stopped with the more asserhave

tion of the covenant, that full faith, &c., should continued in office as a conservator of the peace. be given to them; no power was given to Con

That he was a pious and benevolent man be- gress over the matter as yet. vre the visit of the apostle was paid, is plainly

The first suggestion in the convention that aptated; but he needed further information and pears in regard to fugitives from labor was made 1 he was instructed how to obtain it. Peter's visit 15, as reported by the Committee of Detail, was

on the 28th day of August, 1787, when article o the famiiy of Cornelius seems to have been taken up. This article provided for the surrender be opening of the door of the Christian faith to of fugitives from justice. he Gentiles, and it unquestionably served to

“Mr. Butler and Mr. Pinckney of South Caeach the narrow minded Jews that the salva. rolina, moved to require fugitive Slaves and ser

vants to be delivered up like criminals. ion which comes by Christ was not limited to

“ Mr. Sherman saw no more propriety in the chem. It was therefore an important event well public seizing and surrendering a slave or servant

leserving a place in the sacred records. But to than a horse. I raise from it an argument in defense of military der that some particular provision might be made

“Mr. Butler withdrew his proposition, in orife, we must presume, what indeed we know noching of, that Cornelius remained a faithful con

apart from this article.”Mad. Pap. 1,447—3.

On the 29th of August the provision in regard "Pert to Christianity, and these presumptions will to Public Acts and records came under consids aardly be made by any who have not previously eration, when various propositions of amendment urrived at the conclusion, that there is no neces

were made, and were finally referred to a comsary antagonism' between the military and the On the 1st of September, the article, among

mittee, of which Mr. Rutledge was chairman. Christian profession. The incompatibility of war' other matters, was reported back, and now, for

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the first time, was incorporated in it a power on, compromises between the North and the South. the part of Congress to legislate upon the sub- It is nowhere mentioned as entering into the ject. After some amendments the report was compromises of the Constitution. How then, can agreed to, and thus, in addition to the compact any one say, that without this provision, the l'nion by which full faith and credit were covenanted could not have been formed? And yet such asto be given to the public acts, records, &c., of sertion, contradicted by the truth of history, is one State by every other State, Congress was made the pretext for the exercise of powers by granted the power to prescribe, by general laws, the general Government that could not stand for the manner of proving them, and the effect there a single moment upon a similar basis, in respect of.

to any other subject-matter. This history is important, as it not only justi- We have seen how the power of legislation fies and requires a distinction to be taken between was granted to Congress in respect to public regrants of power and articles of compact, but it cords, &c. We have seen that no such power is clearly demonstrates that the Convention all granted in respect to the surrender of fugitives along discriminated between grants of power to from labor, and that it was not even asked for; the Government, and articles of compact between and from the knowo temper and scruples of the the States, and was extremely jealous and cau- | National Convention, we may safely affirm that tious in making such grants, and only did so if it had been asked it would not bave been when it was deemed absolutely necessary. granted, and had it been granted no union could

Having now traced through this compact, and have been formed upon such a basis. The hisdiscovered the time and manner when it became tory of the times fully justifies this conclusion. coupled with a power, let us trace along its neigh-Can it be supposed for a moment, that had the bor in regard to the reclaiming of Fugitive Slaves, framers of the Constitution imagined that under and discover, if we can, the time and manner in this provision the Federal Government would aswhich it shall be coupled with a grant of power sume to override the State authorities, appoint to Congress to secure its efficacy by legislation. subordinate tribunals in every county in every We have seen that the first suggestion in regard State, invested with jurisdiction beyond the reach to the subject was on the 28th day of August, or inquiry of the State Judiciary, to multiply when Mr. Pinckney and Mr. Butler moved to executive officers ad infinitum, wholly indepenconnect it with the surrender of fugitives from dent of, and irresponsible to, the police regulsjustice, but withdrew the proposition for the pur- tions of the State, and that the whole army and pose of making a separate provision. On the 29th navy of the Union could be sent into a State, day of August, Mr. Butler offered such provision without the request and against the remonstrance in these words :

of the Legislature thereof; nay, that even under “ If any persons, bound to service or labor in its operation the efficiency of the writ of Habeas any of the United States, shall escape into an- Corpus could be destroyed, if the privileges other State, he or she shall not be discharged thereof were not wholly suspended ; if the mezifrom such service or labor in consequence of any bers of the Convention had dreamed tbat they regulations subsisting in the State to which they were incorporating such a power into the Constituescape, but shall be delivered up to the person tion, does any one believe that it would have been justly claiming their service or labor.” “Which adopted without opposition and without debate? was agreed to nem con."

And if these resulis had suggested themselves to Here we have all the discussion upon the sub- the States on its adoption, would it have been ject. Plan after plan for the organization of the passed by them, sub silentio, jealous as they were Government was made and presented, resolution of State Rights and State Sovereignty? The idea upon resolution offered and discussed, embracing is preposterous. The Union would never bare the whole ground of the Federal and State rights been formed upon such a basis. and powers, without one word being mentioned The clause in regard to public records formas of fugitive slaves ; and when it did occur to the one section by itself, with its grant of power addminds of some members, suggested unquestion-ed upon full consideration. The second section ably by the clause in regard to fugitives from jus of the same article contains three clauses, but all tice, it is quickly agreed that the States would grouped and numbered together. deliver up such fugitives from labor. No power “ The citizens of each State shall be entitled was asked for the Federal Government to seize to all privileges and immunities of citizens of the them; uo such power was dreamed of; the pro- several States." position that the States should respectively de

“A person charged in any State with treason, liver them up was acquiesced in without any dis felony or other crime, who shall flee from justice sept. Yet we are told, arguendo, by judicial and be found in anoi her State, shall, on demand authority, that, without such a clause, the Union of the executive authority of the State from which could not have been formed, and that this provi. he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the sion was one of the essential compromises between State having jurisdiction of the crime." the South and the North. In point of fact, it “No person held to service or labor in one did not enter in the slightest degree into the State, under the laws thereof, escaping into an

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other, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such labor or service may be due.”

Here is the whole of the section, without one word of grant, or one word from which a grant may be inferred or implied. Congress has the same power to legislate in regard to fugitives from justice or labor. But it may be asked, what are the rights here stipulated and guaranteed to be enforced? I answer that every State officer, executive, legislative and judicial, who takes an oath to support the Constitution of the United States, is bound to provide for and aid in its enforcement according to the true intent and meaning of the Constitution.

To my mind it is apparent that Congress has no constitutional power to legislate on this subject. It is equally apparent, that the several States can pass no laws, nor adopt any regulations

by which the fugitive may be discharged from se service. All such laws and regulations must be

declared void whenever they are brought to the test of judicial scrutiny, State or national. It is equally apparent that it is the duty of the respective States to make laws and regulations, for the faithful observance of this compact. They have generally done so, and doubtless would have continued so to do, but for the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the case of Prigg vs. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is still their duty so to do.

(To be continued.)

Through what great perils, on his way,

He found, in prayer, release;
Through what abysmal shadows lay

His pathway unto peace,
God knoweth : we could only see

The tranquil strength he gained;
The bondage lost in liberty,

The fear in love unfeigned.
And I-youth's wayward fancies grown

The habit of the man,
Whose field of life by angels sown

The wilding vines o’erran-
Low bowed in silent gratitude,

My manhood's heart enjoys
That reverence for the pure and good,

Which blessed the dreaming boy's.
Still shines the light of holy lives

Like star-beams over doubt!
Each sainted memory, Christ.like, diives

Some dark possession out.
O friend, O brother ! not in vain

Thy life so calm and true,
The silver dropping of the rain,

The fall of summer dew !
How many burdened hearts have prayed

Their lives like thine might be!
But more shall pray henceforth for aid

To lay them down like thee.
With weary hand, yet steadfast will,

In old age as in youth,
Thy Master found thee sowing still

The good seed of His truth.
As on thy task-field closed the day

In golden-skied decline,
His angel met thee on the way,

And lent his arm to thine.
Thy latest care for man-thy last

of earthly thought a prayer-
Oh, who thy mantle, backward cast,

Is worthy now to wear!
Methinks the mound which marks thy bed

Might bless our land and save,
As rose, of old, to life the dead
Who touched the prophet's grave!

National Era.

WILLIAM FORSTER.

BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.

The years are many since his hand

Was laid upon my head,
Too weak and young to understand

The serious words he said.
Yet, often now the good man's look

Before me seems to swim,
As if some inward feeling took

The outward guise of him. As if, in passion's heated war,

Or near temptation's charm, Through him the low-voiced monitor

Forewarned me of the harm. Stranger and pilgrim!—from that day

Of meeting, first and last, Wherever Duty's pathway lay,

His reverent steps have passed.
The poor to feed—the lost to seek-

To proffer life to death,
Hope to the erring-to the weak,

The strength of his own faitb.
To plead the captive's right-remove

The sting of hate from Law, And soften in the fire of love

The hardened steel of War. He walked the dark world, in the mild,

Still guidance of the Light; In tearful tenderness, a child,

A strong man in the right.

war.

SUMMARY OF NEWS. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—By the British mail steamer, Arabia, which arrived at New York on the 8th inst., Liverpool dates have been received to the 29th ult. There is no news of importance from the seat of

No fighting has taken place since last advices.

Prince Gortschakoff, owing to Turkish move. ments, is withdrawing his centre on Bucharest, and his wings back upon the Sereth line. The Cžar is said to have opposed Gortschakoff's plan of the campaign, and orders him to continue offensive operations.

Omer Pasha has proclaimed an amnesty to the Wallachians.

Russia asks for an armistice, but report says that, at the recent Cabinet Council at Vienna, it was decided by Austria and Prussia that this proposition could not be entertained until after the evacuation of the Principalities by the Russians.

The Czar will not abate his pretensions, and has

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