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Her last journey, with certificate, was under couldst get a little sleep," she replied, “I do not taken in the spring of 1808 ; at her return from want sleep; I want to get to a better country." which, in the autumn of that year, she appeared At another time she said, “The Lord is altogethto be considerably unwell, and exhausted by er able to endue with patience if he pleaseth.” fatigue. During the winter her debility con- Becoming very sick, she added, “ This is a bitter tinued, if it did not increase. In the spring of cup, but I have drunk many a bitterer cup than the following year, she found a concern to attend this; it is trying to the tabernacle, but I have the quarterly meeting for Bristol and Somerset- no conflict of mind.” Being much exhausted shire, held at Bristol, from whence she went, for by seeing her children, grandsons, and some the benefit of her health, to Bath. While there, other relations, she said to a friend who sat beher illness much increased, and she was removed side her, “The Lord be praised ! he is wonderto the house of her brother and sister Fowler, at fully good even now.” About three days before Melksham. There she was detained for some her death, she said to a friend who inquired if weeks, and about this time, as appears by a date she had any thing further to say to her ; “I have affixed, penned the following remark : " I have dropped counsel as I passed along, and perhaps had some precious seasons of Divine overshadow- that makes me to have less to do now." A ing, during my illness, which have been better friend observing that she was an example of pathan all the cordials administered by my medical tience, she replied, “Sometimes, as I am helped.” attendants."

When in extreme pain of body, the evening beFrom this attack she so far recovered as to fore her death, a friend who thought she had return into Shropshire, where she was favored to asked for something, said, “Can we do any thing experience a little revival of strength, and was for thee ?” to whom she replied in the words of enabled to get out to meetings once in the day, the apostle, “Rejoice evermore, and in every and also frequently to minister acceptably there- thing, give thanks;" and shortly afterwards, in. In a memorandum written at this period, “ The Lord's will be done!” Her mind seemed she says: “I think it is a mercy to be enabled to be engaged in supplication for some time after to get out to our morning meetings, in which this, but her articulation could not be underthe love of God often flows in my heart towards stood. the people."

In another she says, “Was en- She died on the 14th day of the 2nd month, gaged in supplication, after a deep exercise in 1810, and was buried the 22nd of the same, in spirit;" and further adds, “I am sometimes Friend's burying ground at Coalbrookdale, aged strengthened to speak well of his name, who lives about fifty-six years, a minister about thirty and reigns, and is forever worthy. I have cause years.

to be thankful for strength being granted to sit o with my friends, though often in much poverty

CATHARINE FERGUSON.

Died, on Tuesday, 11th inst., at her house, No. 74 As the winter approached, she found it neces- Thompson st., Widow Catharine Ferguson, after a sary to confine herself to the house, and from brief illness, aged about 75 years. the commencement of the present year chiefly to The departure of this remarkable woman her own apartment. The following extract from should be commemorated by an obituary notice her memorandums describes her experience at worthy of such a mother in Israel and such an

“I have little to remark, my allot- active life-long Christian philanthropist. It is ment being often in suffering as to the body, and hoped that a memoir will be presented to the publow in mind; yet can say, God is good, and a lic. Thousands in this cominunity have heard strong hold in the day of trouble." After re- of or known Katy Ferguson, the aged colored wocording the death of a friend in the ministry, man, who in more vigorous life was the celebraher memorandums conclude with this paragraph ted cake-maker for weddings and other social "Thus, the church is stripped of its pillars : parties. But many who have eaten her unrival.' may the Great Lord of the harvest be pleased to ed cake, and been edified by her sensible chat or raise up and send forth more faithful laborers !" pious discourse, may be ignorant of the eminent

This expression, or one similar, she repeated virtues and extraordinary good deeds which at different times during her illness : “ If I can crowned her life. It is due, therefore, to the be of any service to my friends, I am willing to cause of Christ, of philanthropy, and the people live; otherwise I had rather go." She also said, of color especially that her distinguished services "Unless the Lord had some further service for should be recorded; The principal facts conme to do, I could not wish to stay much longer, tained in this otice were taken down from suffer so much; but all in His ordering is best." Mrs. Ferguson's own lips, March 25, 1850.

, . Being in great pain of body, she said, " It would Katy was born a slave.

Her mother gave

birth to her on her passage from Virginia to before I leave

you, I should like to be a little this city. Katy Williams for that was her cheerful ; for I have nothing but the pains of the name—was “ owned” by R. B., who lived on

; body to make me otherwise.”

Water st., and was an elder in one of the NewWhen a friend said to her, “I wish thou 'York City Presbyterian Churches. “ R. B."

of spirit.”

this time.

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said Katy, “sold

my
mother away,

but I remem- For more than forty years, up to the last of her ber that before we were torn asunder, she knelt life, she had a prayer meeting at her house down, laid her hand on my head, and gave me to every Friday evening, and for some fire years God.”

past another every Sabbath afternoon, into which Katy never saw her mother again. Her mis-she gathered the poor neglected children of the tress told her that if she was as good as her mo- neighborhood, and those adults who did not atther, she would do well. Katy felt keenly the tend church. She always secured the aid of some loss of her mother. The recollection of her own good man to conduct these meetings. The reanguish when separated from her, made her, she sults of these efforts were most happy. The said, feel compassion for children. When ten tract distributors, City Missionaries and others, years old, she told her master R. B., that if he remarked that where Katy lived the whole aswould give her her liberty she would serve the pect of the neighborhood was changed. So much Lord forever. But he did not do it.

for the exertions of a poor colored woman who Katy was never taught to read. My mis- could not read! “ The liberal heart deviseth tress,” she said, “would not let me learn; and liberal things.' once she said to me, you know more now than The secret of Katy's usefulness was ber fermy daughters.' One of her mistress' sons ask- vent, uniform and consistent piety.

No one ed Katy to teach him geography, &c. She ex. I could be with her even for a little while without claimed “I cant.” He replied, yes, you can; | feeling its influence. The love of God was shed if I dont read right in the Bible, or if I dont say abroad in her heart, and it found expression in my catechism right, you tell quick enough.” acts of benevolence to his children. The cause

When Katy was sixteen or seventeen years old, of missions was very dear to her. Three years a lady in the city purchased her freedom for and a half ago a company of missionaries were $200, giving her six years to reimburse her; but about to embark for West Africa, under the dishe afterwards agreed to allow one half of the rection of the American Missionary Association. sum for eleven months work, and the late excel. One of the missionaries was invited to attend the lent Divie Bethune raised the other hundred dol- little meetings held at Katy's house, and did so lars.

once or twice before leaving the country. Katy's At eighteen she was married. She had two sympathies were at once strongly enlisted in bechildren, but lost them both. “They are dead," half of this young missionary and all his associsaid Katy, "and I have no relations now, and ates.

A few months since the writer met her in most of my old friends are gone."

the street, and she eagerly inquired about the During her life she had taken forty-eight chil. Mendi Mission. “These three years," said she, dren-twenty of them were white children-"I have never missed a day but I have prayed some from the almshouse and others from their for those dear missionaries.” parents, and brought them up, or kept them till Katy mourned over the condition of the poor she could find places for them. She expended people in the City, who were suffering on account much money on their behalf, and followed them of their vices as well as their poverty. She said: with affectionate interest with her prayers. To “The ruination of both white and colored people my inquiry, "Have you laid up any property ?" in this city is gambling. I told one of them “

| she quickly replied, “How could I, when I gave that I would never do it—that I had rather live away all I earned ?

on bread and water." When she lived at No. 52 Warren street, (the On Tuesday morning, having been for several house has since been taken down,) she regular- days somewhat indisposed, she went out to see a ly collected the children in the neighborhood, physician. She soon returned to her house and who were accustomed to run in the street on the lay down, but grew rapidly worse. In a few Lord's day, into her house, and got suitable per- hours it became apparent that her disease was sons to come and hear them say their catechism, cholera, and she was sensible that the hour of &c.

dissolution was at hand. Notwithstanding the The sainted Isabella Graham used to invite suddenness of the summons, she was ready. Her Katy's scholars to her house, to say their cate- mind was calm and clear. “O?” said she to a chism and receive religious instruction. This friend who stood near, “what a good thing it is was about the time Dr. Mason's Church in Mur- to have a hope in Jesus!" Her last words ray st. was built. The doctor heard of her were, “ All is well.” Yes, sainted spirit, "all is school, and one Sunday visited it. " What are well.you about here, Katy ?” said he; “keeping

N. Y. Tribune. school on the Sabbath ? We must not leave you to do all this.” So he spoke to his elders, had the lecture-room opened and the children If the obscurities occasioned by the depravity transferred to it. This was the origin of the of human nature were removed, the heart of one Sunday school in the Murray st. Church, and it man would answer to that of another, as face is believed that Katy Ferguson's was the first answers to face in a glass. Sunday school in the City.

DILLWYN.

L. T.

*1

Root crops

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FARMING AS AN OCCUPATION.

wet places, putting on good buildings and fences,

, Throughout the entire country, farming is an setting out fruit trees, accumulating first class employment which, properly conducted, is sure

farming implements and utensils, obtaining and to pay. The vicissitudes, revulsions and revolu- rearing the best domestic animals, the money tions, that like epidemics visit periodically nearly could not possibly be more safely and profitably

invested. every other branch of industry, fall comparatively harmless upon the agricultural community. his income upon a single branch of agricultural

As a general thing, the farmer should not base Unexampled success and pecuniary ruin come alternately upon the merchant, the manufacturer, production, Setting aside the necessity of a the miller, the speculator;—at one time elevato rotation in crops for the good condition of his ing them upon the crest-wave of fortune, and

fields, there are other considerations equally imthen again plunging them into the vortex of ir- portant. The wheat crop might in one year retrievable bankruptcy.

prove a failure, or the market be low when beef,

and pork, and wool, would sell readily, and at reIn some cases, a merchant continues to amass

munerating prices, or vice versa. a fortune even to old age, and then some unfore

sometimes yield well and profitably, and at others seen event, or some disastrous adventure, sweeps do not pay for the seed. The profits on fruit away the accumulations of years. How many some seasons will line a man's pockets with the instances can be mentioned where millers have needful, while occasionally it barely brings any made fortunes and lost them again. The profits return to the producer. "It is scarcely possible, which the farmer made by raising wheat, the however, to miss a market on some crop, if the miller four times doubled in its manufacture and farmer has an ordinary and proper variety, while sale; and the first-named has sometimes, perhaps, still more frequently all will pay. been a little envious of the latter's prosperity;

Intelligence and mental culture are as imporbut in a single season thereafter, the miller’s en tant to the agriculturist as to any other class of tire fortune is swallowed up in losses, while the men. Hence, good schools and good opportuni

, farmer, if he does not increase his substance that ties for acquiring knowledge, should be early esyear by reason of a hard market, at least lives tablished. Every man who advertises his farm through it, and saves his previous accumulations. for sale, understands the enhanced value by rea

All farmers, however, do not make money com- son of such advantages; besides, it gives him an mensurate with their labors. There is no em- opportunity to educate his children, and place ployment where economy, intelligent manage them in a position to do honor to themselves and

ment, activity, a wise forethought, and a vigilant their country. Books and newspapers should be i supervision, are more necessary to success. A obtained and read in every farmer's family; and

load of debt, expensive habits, too much fancy above all, next to the Bible, those treating upon farming, too little attention to the main points, agriculture and its cognate subjects, should be viz., good tillage, drainage, manuring, rotation carefully, thoughtfully, and regularly perused. in crops, early seeding, and proper harvesting, The American agriculturist has a great mission will inevitably keep the cultivator of the soil un- to perform, and it is a solemn responsibility restder the teeth of a worse harrow than the one ing upon him to see that he performs it rightly. used to break up the clods of his own fallow. No His position is a bappy as well as an iinportant absolute set of rules can be laid down for general one, and he who cultivates his own ground, and guidance, but the above vademecum is well | eats the fruits thereof under his own vine and worthy of being conned.

fig-tree, has no occasion to envy the lot of any A farmer must not owe too much money. If other mortal.Rural New Yorker. he is able to pay, or if competent nearly to pay, for a farm in the Valley of the Genesee, or any other equally valuable farming locality, then he may be sure, with proper management, of doub- A distinguished English gentleman who has ling his money within a few years; but as a spent many years as a resident or as a traveller general thing, it is folly for one possessing only in Papal countries in Europe, has presented some a few hundred dollars, especially if he be young, deeply interesting facts concerning vice and to think of buying land in such a region. He crime in Papal and Protestant countries. He may expect to labor like a slave for the benefit possessed himself of the government returns of of his creditors, and be ground out at last in the every Romanist state on the continent, and theremill of some ruthless money-shaver. Let such a fore his statistics do not rest on his Protestant man push off West, and select a farm judicious- prejudices. The Boston Traveller thus condenly, improve it as rapidly as is consistent with his ses his results : means, and he will be sure to secure a compe- In England four persons for a million, on an tence within a few years. If every dollar he ob- average, are committed for murder per year. In tains above the ordinary and proper expenses of Ireland, there are nineteen to the million. In his family, be for years expended upon the farm Belgium, a Catholic country, there are eighteen in clearing off the necessary fields, draining out 'murders to the million. In France there are

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STATISTICS OF CRIME.

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thirty-one. Passing into Austria we find thirty-vania, by whom all the information required will six. In Bavaria, also Catholic, sixty-eight to be given. When more convenient to do so, parties the million ; or if homicides are struck out there applying may register the names of applicants will be thirty. Going into Italy where Catholic with the undersigned.

The Semi ANNUAL EXAMINATION will commence influence is the strongest of any country

, on earth, ou Second-day, 9th mo. 11th, and close on the and taking first the kingdom of Sardinia, we find morning of Fourth-day following. The presence twenty murders to the million. In the Vene- of parents and others interested in the subject of tian and Milanese provinces there is the enor- Education is respectfully invited. mous result of forty-five to the million. In Tus- Copies of the Order of Examination may be obcany, forty-two, though the land is claimed as a

tained at the office of Friends Review, kind of earthly paradise; and in the Papal

CHARLES YARNALL,

Secretary Board of Managers, States, not less than one hundred murders for

No. 39 Market st., Philadelphia. the million of people. There are ninety in Sicily; and in Naples the result is more appalling

CIRCULAR. still, where public documents show there are two

Friends' Boarding School, near Richmond, hundred murders per year to the million of peo

Indiana. The above facts are all drawn from the civil To Monthly Meetings, and Friends Individually: and criminal record of the respective countries

DEAR FRIENDS :—The Committee appointed to named. Now taking the whole of these coun

the charge of this Institution, have made arrange.

ments for opening the School for the ensuing wistries together, we have seventy-five cases of mur

TER session, on Third day the 10th of Tenth der for every million of people. In Protestant month, 1854. countries, England for example, we have but Applications for the admission of scholars, four for every million.

should be addressed, post-paid; to the Superintendent of Friends' Boarding School, Richmond, In

diana. FRIENDS' REVIEW.

The price of Tuition, Board and Washing, for PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 26, 1854.

the coming session, will be 50 dollars for each Scholar, payment to be made in advance; the

Yearly Meeting having united with the recom. By the arrival of the packet ship Albert Galla. mendation that “ the price of tuition should invatin, Captain Delano, at New York, from Liverpool, riably be paid in advance, owing to the difficulty we have received the melancholy intelligence of obtaining dues in the middle of the session." that William Penn Hoag, the eldest son of our in which payment is made. Scholars will be re

Applicants will have precedence in the order friend Lindley M. Hoag, a youth of promising ceived at any time when the School is not fully talents and character, was lost overboard from and charges made from the time of entry. No that vessel about three o'clock on the morning of reduction to be made for absence, after admission, the 5th inst., four days previous to her arrival at except on account of sickness, or some extraor

dinary circumstance. New York.

Parents and Guardians are earnestly requested A dense fog prevailed at the time, and every to see that the clothing of scholars be becoming exertion was used to rescue the unfortunate youth, the appearance of consistent Friends, having rewho was distinctly heard to answer the two first spect to decency and usefulness, avoiding imita

tions of the changing fashions of the world. The signal guns which were fired from the ship. Life clothing to be of dark plain colors, to save washbuoys were thrown out, the vessel lighted in every ing, and each article should be marked with the part, and a boat lowered which cruised two hours owner's name. in a fruitless search. He appears to have been

(The inconsistent appearance in dress &c., of about 18 years of age.

many of the Scholars that have come to this Institution has been cause of much regret to the

Committee and Officers, and it is hoped that PaDied.-On the 21st of 5th month, of scarlet fe- rents and Guardians, will take the necessary care ver, Nathan, son of John Morris, a member of in this respect before sending scholars, as the Whitewater Monthly Meeting, Wayne county, In Committee believe they will be justified in refus

. diana, in the 18th year of his age.

ing admittance to those who will not comply with On the 18th inst., at Germantown, after a

this Rule.) long and painful illness, borne with Christian re

Parents and Guardians are also desired to avoid signation, Sarah Ports, in the 67th year of her bringing or taking away Scholars, or visiting the age, a inember of the Northern District Monthly school on the First-day of the week. Meeting in this city.

The Students will be instructed in the usual

branches of a good English education, and if deHAVERFORD SCHOOL.

sired, the French, Latin and Greek languages.

The School is furnished with Apparatus suited The Winter Term will commence on the second to the Illustration of many of the Sciences, afFourth day of the Tenth month next. Application fording to those who may be endeavoring to

quali may be made to JONATHAN RICHARDS, Superinten- fy themselves for teaching, an opportunity for dent, at the school, in person or by letter addressed completely understanding their subjects, and also to West Haverford, Delaware County, Pennsyl- with a Library, embracing about 150 volumes of

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well selected books, which places the Institution, be plainer than that here is suspended a legal in a capacity, with proper care, to be a benefit right upon an issue of fact, which can only be to our members not only in the acquirement of determined by the Constitutional judicial tribunal Science and Literature, but also in diffusing a

of the country? more thorough knowledge of the principles of Friends, and the truths of the Gospel as portrayed

Here there is a fact, an issue, to be judicially in the Holy Scriptures.

determined before a right can be enforced. Books and Stationery, will be sold to scholars, What authority shall determine it? Clearly the (who are not otherwise furnished.) at wholesale authority of the State whose duty it is to deliver prices. Each Pupil must come provided with up the fugitive when the fact is determined. wash-bowl and towels.

Until the issue which the Constitution itself Superintendents, David and SARAH Ann Hunt.

Teachers-In Male Department, LEWIS A. creates is decided, the person is entitled to the Estes, Principal.

protection of the laws of the State. When the Female Department, HULDAH C. Estes,

issue is determined against the fugitive, then the MARY A. BUFFUM, constitutional compact arises above the laws and

Associate Teachers. regulations of the State, and to the former the On behalf of the Committee,

latter must yield. CHARLES H. Moore, Clerk. 8th Month, 1854.

To my mind this seems very clear and simple. N. B. Correspondents are requested to have and I will not stop here to demonstrate what,

The whole proceeding is clearly a judicial one, this Circular read in their Monthly Meetings.

from the preceding remarks, appears so obvious. Decision of A. D. Smith, Associate Justice of constitutional issue between the parties desig.

The law of 1850, by providing for a trial of the the Supreme Court of the State of Wisconsin, nated thereby, by officers not recognised by any in relation to the Fugitive Slave Law. Constitution, State or National, is unconstitutional (Continued from page 783)

and void. Again, it is to my mind apparent, that the It has been already said, that, until the claim provision of the Constitution in regard to fugi- of the owner be interposed, the fugitive in this tives from labor or service contemplates a judi- State is, to all intents and purposes, a free man. cial determination of the lawfulness of the claim The interposition of the claim, by legal prowhich may be made.

cess, is the commencement of a suit.

A suit Mr. Butler of South Carolina, who reported is the prosecution of some claim, demand or rethe clause, for the first time, Aug. 29, 1787, quest." [6 Wheat., 407.] The trial of such framed its conclusion as follows : « But shall be claims is the trial of a suit. Therefore the trial delivered up to the person JUSTLY claiming their thereof must not only be had before a judicial service or labor." How was the justice of the tribunal, but whether proceedings be commenced claim to be ascertained ? Who were to deter- by the fugitive to resist the claim of the claimmine it? Fugitives were not to be discharged ant or by the claimant to enforce and establish in consequence

of

any law or regulation of the it, it would seem that either party would be enStates to which they may have fled. Not dis- titled to a jury. It is po answer to this position charged by whom? The Federal Government ? to say that neither the States . nor the General No, but the States, in consequence or by virtue Government have provided the means for such a of any law or regulation therein. “But shall mode of trial. The constitutional right of the be delivered up.". By whom? Evidently by party remains the same. The late organization the same power which had convenanted not to lof our County Courts failed to provide a trial by discharge them. Shall be delivered up by the a Constitutional Jury, yet the Supreme Court States, not seized by the Federal Government. held that the parties were nevertheless entitled

The clause as finally adopted reads, “but to demand it. * If provision is not made for such shall be delivered up on claim of the party to a trial, it is the duty of the proper authority to whom such service or labor is duE.” Here is a make it. Nor is it any answer to this position fact to be ascertained, before the fugitive can be to say that the proceeding to reclaim and relegally delivered up, viz.: that his service or la- possess a fugitive from service is not a "suit at bor is really due to the party who claims him. common law.” This question is already settled. How is the fact to be ascertained ? A claim is It has been judicially determined that the term set up to the service of a person. He who makes" common law" was used in the Constitution in the claim is denominated by the Constitution a contradistinction to suits in Admiralty or equity. party. The claimant is one party, the person Were it otherwise, Congress need only to change who resists the claim is another party. If he the common law form of procedure to nullify the really owes the service according to the laws of right of trial by Jury in all cases. See Story the State from which he is alleged to have es. Com. 645, et seq. ; 3 Pet. 446. caped, he must be delivered up. If the claim Mr. Justice Story says: is unfounded, be cannot be delivered up. The “ In a just sense, the amendment may well be Constitution itself has made up the issue and ar-construed to embrace all suits which are not of ranged the parties to it. Can any proposition equity or admiralty jurisdiction, whatever may be

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