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proprictor in the governments of Jaraslov or , quire nearly 25,000 clerks to sell it all in a year. Vladmimir, would hardly think he was looking If the dealers, wholesale and retail together, on slaves on beholding them walking about in made a profit of only two cents a pound on this handsome blue coats, with their wives dressed in sugar, these profits alone would amount to nearly damask or brocaded stuffs and covered with fine $15,000,000.- Mass. Ploughman. pearls. Very few of the latter class of serfs are found

ODE TO WISDOM. staying to cultivate their bit of ground: they leave the care of that and their dwelling to some one The solitary bird of night of their family, and go to a distance where they Throngh the pale shade now wings his flight,

And quits the time-shook tower ply their trade, returning home in winter.

Where, shelter'd from the blaze of day, After reading such passages we might exclaim:

In philosophic gloom be lay If this be the normal condition of a serf, where Beneath his ivy bower. then are the hardships of the state ? Even then

With joy I hear the solemn sound they are slaves; they have no true freedom. Which midnight echoes waft around, Those who make a fortune by their industry or

And sighing gales repeat ; talent are still subject to a master; in fact they

Fav'rite of Pallas !* I attend,

And faithful to thy summons bend, can only carry on a trade in the name of him to

At Wisdom's awful seat. 2. whom they belong. In certain trading quarters

She loves the cool, the silent eve, of St. Petersburg or Moscow, may be seen whole

Where no false shows of life deceive, streets whose houses belong to Count Chereme- Beneath the lunar ray: -- toff or Count Orloff. The slave can possess Here Folly drops each vain disguise, nothing in his own name; and the law forbids Nor sports her gaily-color'd dyes,

As in the glare of day. his having credit given him beyond the amount of five roubles.

0! Pallas, queen of every art, These serfs possess also warehouses and manu

That glads the sense, or mends the heart,

Bless'd source of purer joys; factories. The largest hat manufactory at Mos

In every form of beauty bright, cow belongs to a slave of Count Cheremetoff ; That captivates the mental sight, he was said to be worth five millions of roubles. With pleasure and surprise ;

If a serf or slave dies in Russia leaving any To thine unspotted shrine I bow ; money in the bank his lord can seize it, to the Assist thy modest suppliant's vow, exclusion of his children; as was the case with

That breathes no wild desires ;

But taught, by thy unerring rules, a serf belonging to Count Cheremetoff, who left

To shun the fruitless wish of fools, 150,000 roubles in the bank; the children claim

To nobler views aspires. ed the money, but the Count had it assigned to him as master of the defunct. The hatter we

Not fortune's gem, ambition's plume,

Not Cytherea'st fading bloom, have before alluded to, having fortunately heard

Be objects of my prayer: that his master was in want of money, went to

Let avarice, vanity, and pride, him and offered 800,000 roubles for his liberty These glittering, envied toys divide, and at that price obtained it. - Christmas notices

The dull rewards of care. of Russia.

To me thy better gifts impart,
Each moral beauty of the heart,

By studious thought refined ;
HOW MUCH SUGAR DO WE EAT.

For wealth, the smiles of glad content ;
Last

For power, its aniplest, best extent,
there were consumed in this coun-
year

An empire o'er my mind. try, 705,000,000 pounds of cane sugar, and

When fortune drops her gay parade, 27,000,000 pounds of maple sugar. This gives

When pleasure's transient roses fade, more than twenty four pounds of cane sugar and And wither in the tomb, one of maple sugar to every man, woman and Unchanged is thy immortal prize, child. This does not include molasses nor Thy ever-verılant laurels rise,

In uodecaying bloom. honey. If this sugar were put into barrels hold. ng two hundred pounds each, and the barrel By thee protected, I defy

The coxcomb's sneer, the stupid lie, occupied the space of three feet square only, it

Of ignorance and spite ; would require 336 acres of land for it to stand

Alike condemn the leaden fool, pon. The barrels, if placed in a row, would

And all the pointed ridicule, each 220 miles. If this sugar was put up in Of undiscerning wit. -aper packages of five pounds each, it would re

From envy, hurry, noise, and strife, uire 147,400,000 sheets of wrapping paper; and The dull impertinence of life, only a yard of string were used to each pack

In thy retreat I rest ;

Pursue thee to thy peaceful groves, ge, there would be required 436,200,000 feet,

Where Plato's sacred spirit roves, 83,000 miles of string, three times enough to

In all thy graces dress’d. round the earth. If every retail clerk sold ne hundred pounds of sugar a day, it would re

* Minerva, the goddess of wisdom.

Venus.

He bade Ilissus'* tuneful stream,

ror,
his
son,

the Archduke Constantine, the ArchConvey the philosophic theme,

duchess, his wife, and the Russian Admiral, had Of perfect, fair, and good :

narrowly escaped being captured by an English Attentive Athens caught the sound,

war steamer. The steamer could easily have And all her listening sons around,

been taken had the commander of the British In awful silence stood.

vessel been aware of the valuable prize it conReclaim'd, her wild licentious youth,

tained. Confess’d the potent voice of truth,

Two English steamers had destroyed the RusAnd felt its just control; The passions ceased their loud alarms,

sian convents on the shores of the White Sea, And virtue's soft, persuasive charms,

and entered the Gulf of Onegshain near Arch. O'er all their senses stole.

angel.

Denmark has declared her adherence to the Thy breath inspires the poet's song,

Austro-Prussian treaty. The patriot's free unbiass'd tongue,

A Constitution for the The hero's generous strife;

entire monarchy has been proclaimed. Thine are retirement's silent joys,

The Senate of the Russian Empire is said to And all the sweet, endearing ties,

have presented to the Czar a strong protest Ot still, domestic life!

against his war policy. A number of eminent No more to fabled names confined,

persons are said to have signed the protest. To thee, Supreme, All perfect Mind,

ITALY.--The cholera had appeared in Northern My thoughts direct their fight;

Italy, but was subsiding at last accounts. Wisdom's thy gift, and all her force

SPAIN.-General Espartero entered Madrid on From thee derived, unchanging source,

the 29th ult., and was received with enthusiasm of intellectual light!

by the people. The Queen has issued a procla0! send her sure, her steady ray,

mation pardoning all political offenders under the To regulate my doubtful way,

previous administration and restoring Gen. O'DonThrough life's perplexing road;

nell and other leaders to their titles and com. The mists of error to control,

mands. The barricades have disappeared. The And through its gloom direct my soul,

Queen Mother is ordered to leave the country. To happiness and good !

The Espartero Ministry appears to have become Beneath her clear discerning eye,

firmly established and to possess the public conThe visionary shadows fly,

fidence. Gen. Jose de la Concha is io be agaja or folly's painted show;

appointed Captain-General of Cuba. She sees ihrough every fair disguise,

FRANCE.—A slight republican manifestation That all, but virtue's solid joys,

had occurred in Paris and several arrests were Is vanity and woe. Elizabeth Carter. made.

ENGLAND.—The town and county of CarmarSUMMARY OF NEWS.

then have lately been visited by the heaviest FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.- ;-The U. S. steamship storms and floods ever known in that district of Baltic arrived at New York on the 19th inst., country. The railways were overflowed, the bringing Liverpool dates to the 9th.

bridges carried away and the entire crops of hay The news from the seat of war continues to be and comu totally destroyed. The wheat crops favorable to the allies. The Russians attacked were greatly damaged, being beaten down by the Turkish-French camp at Giurgevo, on the 23d the heavy rains, and several persons are known ult., but were totally defeated with the loss of to have perished. 2000 killed and wounded and a large number ta

Mexico.-By late arrivals from Mexico we ken prisoners. The Russians retreated by forced learn that Count Boulbon, heading the recent armarches to Bucharest, but finally abandoned that rivals of French troops against the governmen, place, which is now said to be occupied by the was defeated on the 13th ult. by Gen. Yanez, tu Turks under Omar Pasha. Other accounts state whom he surrendered, with two hundred of his that the Turks had not yet arrived there, but were

companions. Tamaulipas has declared for Aladvancing with extreme caution in three columns. varez. A battle is reported, in which the insur

A combined attack upon the Crimea, by land gents were defeated. The revolution in Michoaand sea, is said to be determined upon by the al- can continues with varying fortune to the combalies. Sebastopol is said to be closely blockaded, tants. Ponalla, in the State of Chiapas, has proyet a Russian steam frigate from thence had burned nounced for Alvarez. The cholera has disap. ihree Turkish merchant ships anchored in the peared from tắe city of Mexico after carrying harbor of Heraclea, and laden with stores inten

3000 victims. ded for ihe combined squadrons. The captains

DOMESTIC.-The Boston emigrants to Kansas were taken prisoners and the crews turned adrift have found a settlement on the right bank of the in a boat.

Kansas river, about forty miles from its mouth The British blockading force at the Sulina mouth and some seven miles beyond the Wakarusa river. of the Danube have levelled every building in They have laid out a town, commenced the conwhich the Russians could have sheltered them- struction of their cabins and formed a regular or selves, with the exception of one church, and ganization. The country more than equalled the have sent seven more prizes to Constantinople in expectations formed of it, and it is expected that convoy of the Inflexible.

a company of one thousand persons will leave From the Baltic there is an imperfect account of New Englad for the same place, about the end the capture of Aiand by the Allies, on the 3d of the present month. It is understood that the

company of Massachusetts will make this A Russian steamer, having on board the Empe. place the base of their future operations, and

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said inst., and its occupation by the French.

will speedily forward the means efíectually to secure the success of the enterprise.

* A small stream near Athens.

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Continued from page 788.

ute.

66

EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

this meeting, has this morning received an ac

count of the decease of his beloved wife and one PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS, ginning of last month. This meeting feels near

of his sons, of a contagious disease, in the beNo.50 North Fourth Street,

sympathy with him in this heavy affliction, and dePHILADELPHIA.

sires that he may continue to be supported under Price Two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, with a feeling of our infirmities, even our holy

it, by the presence of Him who was, and is touched or six copies for ten dollars.

Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ. Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 Grellet, who is also on a religious visit to this

The clerk, in company with our Friend Stephen cents per annum in other States.

land, is requested to give to Henry Hull a copy

of this minute.'' EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF HENRY HULL.

A Friend, who knew nothing of what had Thus was I, as in a moment, plunged into deep clerk was making the minute, said he was much

transpired, going into the meeting while the distress, my way hedged in with walls as on struck, as he took his seat, with the awful sievery side; and though my beloved friends, on lence which prevailed, as well as with the tenbecoming acquainted with my situation, kindly derness of spirit which Friends in all parts of sought to adinipister comfort, I had none, save the house seemed to be under, and was at a loss in the hope, that if I died, it would be humbly to know the cause, until the clerk read the min. lying at the feet of Jesus, whom I loved. I believed in the calming intluence of his almighty

Many dear Friends came to see me, whose power, and bis omnipotent voice once proclaimed, Peace be still,” to the stormy billows, for the company was cheering; but my more con

companions in this season of affliction, were uny relief of his poor disciples, so now I felt him dear friends Elizabeth Fry, and her sister P. spread a degree of holy calmness and resignation Gurney, who loving the Truth, and having been over my afilicted mind, and I was enabled to made willing to part with much to purchase it, cast my care upon him, under an humbling bad been prepared to mourn with those who belief, that he will not leave nor forsake those mourn, and to soothe the sorrows of the afflicted. who put their trust in him. I began to think it The kindness of the whole family to me is rewould be better for me to leave London imme. membered with thankfulness to the Author of diately, as many Friends would probably be call. all good : “ Inasmuch as ye did it unto one of ing to see me, and I did not feel in a state of the least of these my brethren, ye did it unto mind to bear much company. I accordingly me" here, truly, is encouragement to visit the went out to Plashet, where I found my dear sick and aftlicted, and to administer to their friend, Elizabeth Fry, a true sympathizer and a needs.

. friend indeed. Stephen Grellet being detained

The first meeting I attended after these with me, so as to be late at meeting, informed Friends of the sorrowful tidings I had received, which was a solemn time; and, however, my af

mournful tidings reached me, was at Plaistow, which had a very great effect upon the meeting, flictions seemed to be above the afflictions of and it was concluded to make a minute express- others, yet I was brought into near sympathy ive of the feelings produced, and of its sympa- .with some present, who were under similartrials, thy with me, and desires for my support; it

an awful solemn prayer was made to the God of being as follows, viz :

all comfort, who was graciously pleased to help " Yearly Meeting of London, the our infirmities, and enable us to cast our care

30th of Filih month, 1812. upon him, in the humble confidence, that he Stephen Grellet of New York, informed this will never leave nor forsake those who trust in neeting, that our dear friend Henry Hull, now him—blessed and forever adored be his holy in a religious visit to this country, and who was name. \cceptably with us during the former sittings of About five days after, other letters from my

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age,

family arrived, informing me that the disorder, and mercy of the Lord, and to invite them to had subsided, which was a great satisfaction, come and partake thereof. though my parental feelings were quickened on It was a pleasant duty to her to attend reli

. account of my dear children bereaved of the gious meetings, often riding a considerable discare of their tender mother. O thou who re- tance on horseback to those for church disci. gardest the sparrows, keep us, I pray thee, from pline; none being held near her father's place murmuring, and enable us to meet the trials of residence, whilst she lived with him. which yet remain, with becoming patience, that In the year 1785, she was married to our we may know all things to work together for friend, Henry Hull, of Stanford, in Dutches our good.

county, and settled within the limits of this meetThese letters were written about twenty days ing, then a branch of Creek Monthly Meeting. after the others, and I considered it a favor that She was soon noticed by Friends, for her dilithey came to hand so early after the receipt of gence in attending meetings, and for her exem. the first, as they relieved me from an afilicting plary and pious conduct in other respects. She anxiety, which sometimes beset my mind re- was of a pleasant, cheerful disposition, and dis specting my remaining children, lest these also posed to be useful to her fellow creatures, setka should be added to the list of the departed. 0 ing occasions, therefor, without ostentation

. Her poor Stanford, may thy inhabitants learn right- sympathetic mind often led her to the habitaeousness by the dispensation ! My mind was tions of the afflicted, where she was frequently now left at liberty to dwell more singly on the engaged in acts of kindness, and in imparting remembrance of the dear deceased partner of salutary counsel, which rendered ber visits pleamy life, and the period and circumstances of our sant, and particularly useful to some who were union, and I drew up an address to the youth in under discouragement from other causes beside England and Ireland, giving a little account of bodily afliction. our setting out in life, being desirous of encou

She was frequently left alone with the care of raging them to trust in the power of that God his family, when her husband was engaged in whom we had endeavored to serve. It was sub- travelling in the ministry, to which service she

mitted to the morning meeting, and approved cheerfully gave him up. - and directed to be printed, with the addition of

About the thirty-first year of her

she extracts from some letters, giving an account of came forth herself in that important work

, with the last hours of my beloved.

much diffidence. Her appearances in the min

istry for several years were not frequent ; but The following testimony respecting his wife being careful to wait for the renewed evidence will doubtless be acceptable to the reader : of Truth, her offerings were rery acceptable

;

and by being faithful in the little, she grew in The Testimony of Stanford Monthly Meeting, her gift, and became a well qualified instrument Concerning SARAH HULL.

for the Lord's work. She frequently performed She was the daughter of Edward and Phebe, religious visits to the families of Friends, in this Hallock, of Marlborough, Ulster county, in the also travelled within the limits of Pennsylvania

,

and the neighboring Monthly Meetings; and State of New York, who instructed her in the Rhode Island, and this Yearly Meeting

. The principles of the Christian religion as held by last of these visits was in the year 1810, when the Society of Friends; which, together with the example of Friends who put up at her parting with her husband in the city of New father's house, was blessed to her, tending to visit to Great Britain and Ireland, sbe recoma;

York, as he was about embarking on a religious turn her mind, in early life, to the internal mon- mended him with her own soul to the care and itor, by whose reproofs for lightness of conduct, she was favored to see that it was well with the protection of Israel's Shepherd, and then re righteous, and to dread the displeasure of the children in much tenderness of spirit, and set Almighty. In this state of mind, she frequently sought which she attended, and went from thence as far

out for the Yearly Meeting on Rhode Island

, places of retirement to pour fortb her tears, and as Nantucket; and taking meetings in the way pray to the Lord that she might be favored to returned home.

After her return from this witness his help to walk in a way that would be journey, she was several times heard to say, that acceptable to him.

she believed it would be her last visit to Friends In some of nese seasons, when favored with in New England, which proved to be the case : a sense of the heavenly Father's love, her tears she, however, performed several short journeys, were tears of joy; and she willingly entered which kept her from home a few days at a time, into covenant, that if the Lord would be with returning joyfully to her family, who were dear to her and keep her from evil, she would serve him her, and to whom she was an example of kindall the days of her life : her mind was also at- ness and charity. tended with a belief, that if she was faithful, she In the spring of the year 1812, a solemn diswould have to testify to others of the goodness pensation of sickness, which proved mortal to

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many, spread a general alarm amongst the in- | evolve as much power during its combustion as habitants of this and some adjacent places; in would be equal to the continued labor of an able the

progress of which, she appeared to be raised bodied man for 20 years, at the rate of 8 hours above the fear of danger, visiting the sick, and per day; or in other words, to the average power

attending meetings and burials; and was much of a man during the active period of his life.” 1 favored in the exercise of her gift in the minis

try; the stream of Gospel love which flowed Account of Mary STERRY, of Croydon, a Minso through her, tending to console the hearts of

ister, who died 28th of Second month, 1853, many. On the 19th of Third month, after returning

aged 70 years. from the funeral of a Friend, she complained of

Few perhaps of her contemporaries more insevere pain in the head, and the prevailing fever structively exemplified the Christian character in in setting in, she was soon confined to her bed; the daily walks of life than this beloved friend,

where she evinced the fortitude of a Christian, or gave more place in the heart to the expansive

and could look back and reflect on her endeavors influence of Christian love towards her fellow :: to advance the cause of religion, with thankful- creatures of every class.

Her mind appeared to be filled with love She early evinced much maturity of character, to all mankind, and particularly to her friends and being the eldest in her father's family, imaround her, saying, she believed all was done for portant duties soon devolved upon her in the doher comfort that was necessary to be done, and mestic circle. It would be instructive were we that she was resigned to wait the termination of able to trace her course from childhood ; but the disorder. To a Friend who came in, she little is left descriptive of this period, whilst there said, “I now know that I have not followed is full evidence that, in early life she yielded her cunningly devised fables, but living and substan- heart to the tendering visitations of the love of tial truth." At another time, when her mind God, and proved in her own happy experience, seemed filled with heavenly love, speaking of the the truth of the declaration of our blessed Lord happy state of the righteous, she said, “I am that his yoke is easy and his burden light. raised above all doubting, my good Master has

Soon after attaining her twentieth year, she shown me that he has prepared a seat for me." entered upon the charge of a large establishment, At another time, calling a young man to her, in which several of the assistants were inmates she remarked, “This is a time to prove reli- of the house. She filled this arduous post for gion, and I now find that the religion I have some years, and deeply felt the responsibility lived in, will do to depend upon : leave all mys- connected with it, and great was her concern terious reasonings and doubtings, seek the God that ske might discharge the duties thereof as of thy father and of thy mother, and he will in the Divine sight. On one occasion, at this be found of thee : be faithful to a little light, time, she remarks in some memoranda—“Deepand it will be increased.” Having, she said, ly humbled under a consciousness of my own done her day's work while in health, she was weakness, and the qualifications requisite to disready when it was the Divine will to receive the charge the important trust committed to my care, reward thereof. A few minutes before her de- being placed at the head of so large a family; parture, with great difficulty of utterance, she and to-day have had to enter deeply into exercise said, "I want to go to bed; as says the prophet on account of some of them, earnestly coveting of the righteous, they shall. enter into peace, that they may not suffer loss through want of

they shall rest in their beds :" and then in a care on my part.” sabe peaceful state of mind, departed this life, on the She became at an early period, from a convic

4th of Fourth month, 1812, age about forty- tion of their accordance with the doctrines and pu eight years, leaving the consoling evidence, that precepts of the New Testament, warmly attached she had gone to the abodes of rest and peace. to the Christian principles and testimonies of our (To be continued.)

religious Society; but, whilst this was manifest in her consistent course through life, gospel love enlarged her heart, in no small measure, towards

all of every name. Exemplarily diligent in the Prof. Henry, President of the Mechanics' In- attendance of all our religious meetings, she was stitute, at Washington, says :—It has been eminently qualified for usefulness in the adminproved that, on an average, four ounces of coal istration of the discipline of the church, and are sufficient to draw on a railroad, one ton a weighty and instructive was the counsel she not mile. It has also been found, by experiment, seldom imparted in meetings for this purpose. that a man working on a tread-mill continually She was concerned that the discipline should be eight hours, will elevate one and one-half millions conducted in the spirit of that charity which of pounds one foot high. New Cornish Engines “thinketh no evil” but “hopeth all things ;" will perform the same work by the expenditure and whilst diligent in private admonition, she of a pound and a half of coal. It follows from was careful to do all in the spirit of the apostolic these data that about five tons of coal would'injunction—" If a man be overtaken in a fault, ye

COAL AGAINST SINEWS.

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