« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, wings and ferior a description of pork, that we may fairly towers, and all !
consider the corn as wasted when subjected to Filagree is another pretty kind of wire-work. distillation. If the six million quarters of grain Silver wire, or gold wire, or gilt silver wire, is used for distillation and malting in Great Britain here twisted into fantastic and artistic forms, and Ireland would feed six millions of their peopartly by the fingers and partly by small tools and machines. Some of the productions in this ple, then on the same estimate the twelve milart, especially those produced in Italy and in lion bushels of corn distilled in Ohio would feed India, are wonderful for the patience bestowed one and a quarter millions of their people, or upon them. It is scarcely English art : we seem about five-eighths of the whole population of the to be busy and bustling to bestow time on these State. Now this provision is not only cut off from prettinesses. The wire is very thin, but of the support of human life, except so far as it ap course much exceeding the thickness of the film pears in the form of inferior pork, but is converted of gold on the silver wire for gold lace. Per into a liquid sufficient to fill a reservoir covering haps the thinnest bit of wire ever actually made nearly two acres of ground, and twenty feet in and isolated was that produced by Dr. Wollaston, depth ; and that liquid, used as it generally is, a a philosopher who had an extraordinary knack poient generator of misery, pauperism and crime. of doing things which no one else could do. He ir Ohio was the only State in the Union which procured a small rod of silver; he bored a little
manufactured alcoholic liquor, the quantity prohole through it from end to end; he inserted into this hole the smallest platinum wire he could pro-end to distillation there, except for medicinal and
duced there might well excite an effort to put an cure; he subjected the silver rod to wire-drawing processes, until it became the finest of silver-, artistic purposes. But Ohio is only one of the wires with a platinum filament running along its States in which that manufacture is extensively centre; he dissolved the silver in warm nitrous prosecuted. We have not at hand the documents acid-and there remained an exquisite little necessary for estimating the quantity of liquor platinum wire, one thirty-thousandth of an inch produced by distillation or other means in the in thickness !-Household Words.
United States ; nor does it appear requisite to go
far in search of evidence to impress the import. FRIENDS' REVIEW.
ance of the efforts recently awakened into life, to PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 9, 1834.
put an end to the manufacture and sale of intoxi
cating beverages. And probably no time could The article which is copied from the North be selected which would be likely to be attended American and U. S. Gazette, into the present with greater success than the present, when all number, is certainly worthy not only of economi- the grain in the country will probably be demanded cal, but of serious and religious consideration. for food, either for men or domestic animals. Let Though the all-bountiful hand still causes the sun us learn by the things which we sufler, if we will 10 shine on the evil and on the good, and sendeth not be taught by milder means, to apply the rain on the just and on the unjust, it does not ne- bounties of Providence 10 purposes more conge. cessarily follow that the rain and the sunshine nial with the design of the Donor, than the proare dispensed without regard to the virtue or vice duction of a beverage destructive to the bodies of those to whom they are sent. There is nothing and souls of men. incompatible with a correct estimate of the Divine dispensations, in the belief that the vices and follies of man are sometimes corrected by withhold. White's ManuaL LABOR INSTITUTES.-In the ing the fruits of the earth. And when we reflect eleventh number, vol. 4, of the Review, a conon the extent to which these fruits, and especial. cise notice was given of the bequest of our late ly that valuable American production, Indian friend Josiah White, of this city, in addition to corn, are perverted to purposes worse than useless, several other legacies for charitable purposes, we can hardly fail to perceive that a general de. of $40,000, to be appropriated to the establishment ficiency in our usual supply ought to teach us a and support of two Manual Labor Schools, to be salutary lesson.
located in the free States of the West, for the in: If our readers will recur to pages 23 and 43 of struction of poor children, white, colored and lathe present volume, they will find the number of dian, which institutions he desired to place under bushels of Indian corn produced in one year, in the care and direction of Indiana Yearly Meeting the State of Ohio, computed in round numbers at An equal portion of the $40,000 was allotted 10 60 millions, of which about 12 millions are esti- each of these seminaries. One school was demated to be consumed in the manufacture of signed to be located in Jowa near Salem, alcoholic liquor. It is true the refuse of the still tract of 1440 acres, for the purchase of which a is used for feeding swine ; but it supplies so in- I negotiation was commenced by the testator a short
time before his decease, and was consummated these families would be productive of various and by his Executors.
extensive beneficial results, especially to the
young people, and, at the same time, prevent In the 10th month, 1851, the subject of this be much of the injury which flows from the many quest was laid before the Yearly Meeting of Indi. pernicious publications constantly issuing from ana, which body agreed to accept the charge, the press ? and referred the subject to the care and attention have been encouraged in their labors by many
During the past year the Editor and Publisher of the Meeting for Sufferings. In the year 1852 evidences on the part of Friends and others, of an that body presented to the Yearly Meeting the increasing appreciation of the value of the Review. copy of an act of incorporation for the purpose of the list of subscribers has been considerably en. carrying the design of the testator into effect. In larged. One Friend, residing in a recently settled 1853, the first annual reports of the trustees of the mote the religious welfare of the young people,
district in the West, and deeply concerned to protwo institutes, founded on the bequest above men- has added thirty new names. In one of his letters par tioned, were presented to the Yearly Meeting, and he says: were copied into the 11th and 12th numbers of the with a specimen number, and show the great dif
"I take a bound volume of Friends' Revier', ? present volume. By these reports we find that ference between the Review and other publica.
the Indiana Institute contains 760 acres which tions; the chaste matter it contains; the interestwere purchased for $8,200, and the Iowa Institute ing matter as it relates to the Society of Friends, holds 1440 acres, which were purchased for and the condensed news of the world at large;
and was a Friend at each meeting throughout our $7,760.
widely extended country to take some pains and A correspondent has recently furnished the fol- not only invite subscriptions, but explain the salowing information, relative to the condition and tisfaction and advantages there would be to heads prospects of the lowa MANUAL Labor Institute: of families and their children in taking the Friends' In a letter from one of the trustees, he states, be greatly increased.”
Review, I apprehend the list of subscribers would “ By another year we shall have 610 acres under
Other Friends have labored industriously, and 3 cultivation, divided into 80 acre tracts with Spiss hedge; and on six of these tracts a snug house de- tion ; yet we have reason to believe that, with in.
with encouraging success, to extend our circulasigned for tenements for those to whom the farms creased zeal and the appropriation of a little more will be rented. The other 160 acres will be fitted time to this object by those who have kindly con, up for the immediate use of the school, on which sented to act as Agents, and by others who feel
the school building will be erected. This done, an interest in the diffusion of Truth and the sup* tae balance of the 1440 acres will by degrees be port of the principles of our Religious Society, a
brought into cultivation, and rented out for the sup: large portion of the ten thousand families, alluded port of the school in like manner with this that to above, would soon enjoy, in the perusal of
now improving. The location is five Friends Review, a weekly repast, fresh, attractive miles south from Salem, and one and a half from
and nutritious. Chestnut Hill meeting house. For beauty and excellence the location cannot be excelled, and we cited; and, as new subscribers generally prefer to
Thy co operation in this work is earnestly solishall endeavor to make it all that the donor de: commence at the beginning of a volume, early signed, but it will require time to accomplish all.” | attention is desirable. The Terms are the same
as heretofore :-for single subscribers two dollars
per annum; for six subscribers ten dollars; and, Publisher's Notice.—The following circular at the latter rate for any number over six, payable was sent, a few weeks since, to our Agents and a in advance. The postage, when paid quarterly or few other Friends, and is now inserted in the yearly, in advance, at the office where the paper
is received, is 13 cents per annum in PennsylvaReview, with the hope that it will receive the at. nia, and 26 cents per annum in other States. tention of many subscribers in neighborhoods
Respectfully thy friend, where no agents reside.
50 North Fourth street, Philadelphia. CIRCULAR. PHILADELPHIA, 7th month 25th, 1854. MARRIED, at Friends' Meeting House, Back Dear Friend, - As the current volume of Friends' Creek, Indiana, on the 22d of Sixth month last, Review will be completed in a few weeks (Ninth Joel Philips to AnnA JANE BALDWIN. month 9th,) the Publisher solicits thy kind atten
at the same place, on the 20th of Seventh tion to the importance of renewed efforts to in month last, HENRY Winslow, Jr., to Mary JANE crease its circulation. Having no pecuniary in- Dillon, all members of the same meeting. terest in enlarging the number of subscribers, at the same place, on the 191h of Eighth and not being responsible for the editorial depart. month, Isaac Carter, of Dover Monthly Meeting, ment of the paper, he may the more readily be Clinton county, Ohio, to PheBE WHITson of Back permitted to urge the claims of the Review upon Creek Monthly Meeting. the support of Friends.
It is believed that there are at least ten thousand DIED,-On the second of the Fifth month last, families of Friends in the United States into which at Cambridge, Indiana, William Hastings, aged no periodical conducted in accordance with our about forty years, he was a member of Richsquare religious principles is received. Can it be doubted Preparative Meeting, and Hopewell Monthly that the introduction of friends' Review into' Meeting, in Henry county, Ind.
Died-,On the 17th oflast month, at the residence I be given. When more convenient to do so, parties of his parents near Salem, Amos Cook, son of Na- applying may register the names of applicants than and Sarah Cook, in the 24th year of her age, with the undersigned. a member of Salem Monthly Meeting, Iowa.
The SEMI ANNUAL EXAMINATION will commence On the 18th ult., at his residence in Salem, on Second-day, 9th mo. Ilth, and close on the after a short illness of iwenty-four hours, Joseph morning of Fourth-day following. The presence Hobson, in the 69th year of his age, a member of of parents and others interested in the subject of Salem Monthly Meeting of Friends, lowa.
Education is respectfully invited. -, Seventh month 28th, 1851, at the house of Copies of the Order of Examination may be ob. her brother-in-law, Joshua Shove, of Freetown, tained at the office of Friends' Review. Mass., Anna D. Wing, in the sixty-second year
CHARJES YARNALL, of her age, a worthy member and minister of
Secretary Board of Managers , R. I. Monthly Meeting. She had taken a minute
No. 39 Market st., Philadelphia. from her Monthly Meeting in the 6th month, 10 attend Salem Monthly Meeting, and to visit the
THE DROUGHT. families thereof, and was on the way to Salem when arrested by sickness and death.
A general failure in the cereal crops of this Of congestive fever, on the 8th of last mo., country is of exceedingly rare occurrence. Cerin the 46th year of her age, ELEANOR LINDLEY, a tain causes, natural and mechanical, have at times member and elder of Back Creek Monthly Meeting, Parke county, Indiana. Being, in the early
affected quite seriously the agricultural interests stage of her illness, impressed with an evidence of particular sections. Some untoward vicissithat her dissolution was near, she was concerned tudes of the weather, or the ravages of insects, to call her relatives and friends and testify to them and like evils, have, now and then, either totally what the Lord had done for her soul, earnestly destroyed or greatly diminished the harvests in exhorting them to be prepared against the pale- certain localities. But we have seldom had ocfaced messenger should be sent to their habitation. casion to lament a calamity of this sort, covering Her frequent and earnest prayer for an easy, pas.
Providence sage was mercifully granted, all her pain being any very large area of territory. apparently removed for some time before her de- has peculiarly blessed us in this respect. While parture.
dearth, approaching famine, has frequently At Flushing, on the 9th of 8th month, in affected communities inhabiting comparatively the 31st year of her age, Susan H. wife of Samuel small districts, the United States, stretching B. Parsons, and daughter of the late George How over a vast region, of varied soil and climate, land, of New Bedford, a member of New York and of exhaustless fertility, has been exempt, Monthly Meeting. During the last two years of her life she had
hitherto, from a wide spread blight, and seems, suffered much from ill health, which she bore indeed, effectually secured by nature against a with much cheerfulness and sweetness of spirit, misfortune of that formidable and alarming evincing at all times deep interest in the welfare character. of our religious Society.
We are well satisfied, therefore, that the im-, On First-day evening, Eighth month 20th, mense agricultural resources of the country can in the 58th year of her age, MARGARET WHITE, never be so affected by any accident as to reduce wife of Aaron White, a member of Milford Month- the people to a point of starvation. Such an ly Meeting, Indiana, and a minister. She had been in a low state of health for a con
event as that we may very justly regard as a siderable time, one side being much paralyzed, physical impossibility. But it must be confessed, and had therefore been nearly confined to the that there is just now such a condition of things house and frequently to her bed. Being able on prevailing, as may make us apprehensive of rethat day to be about the house, the family went to sults which, should they not happily be averted meeting, except a daughter and a daughter inlaw, who remained in care of their mother. Soon by some speedy accession of copious rains over after noon, passing near the stove at which the a large portion of the Union, must be attended family dinner was cooking, her clothing took fire. by distressing consequences. We have been sufHer daughters alarmed by her cry, and hastening fering a dry season, which, in the length and to her relief, found her garments in flames. The breadth of the territorial surface over which it fire was soon extingnished, but she was so severe- has extended, and the long period of time during ly burnt that she expired on the same evening. which it has been protracted, is, perhaps, un
She was greatly beloved for her meekness and precedented. Accounts of its fatal effects are Christian virtue. and her death which, had it occurred under ordinary circumstances, would have reaching us daily from all quarters of the North, been greatly lamented, caused a deeper sensation and West and Southward, and, as may be sup amongst her numerous friends on account of the posed, the farming portion of the population is afflicting manner in which it was brought about. in a state of unexampled tribulation and des
pondency. This gloom is now beginning to perHAVERFORD SCHOOL.
vade all classes in prospect of the scarcity of The Winter Term will commence on the second one great staple of food which it is feared wil Fourth-day of the Tenth month next. Application may be made to Jonathan RICHARDS, Superintendent, at the school, in person or by letter addressed
The drought which has lasted, without mata to West Haverford, Delaware County, Pennsyl- rial interruption, for a period of nearly two vania, by whom all the information required will months, prevails from Maine far to the South
and West. It is reported to embrace within its ( pernicious lengths. This thing is already visitcomprehensive range, not less than twenty States, ing the community with a severe retribution, and in several of which, the destruction of vegeta- if we are wise we will take care to correct it betion will, it is thought, be almost total, while in fore it is too late. all, certain crops cannot but be very considerably As regards the short crops of grain which the reduced below the usual average yield. The In- country will experience this year, and the necesdian maize, or corn, which is more valuable sity which will consequently be imposed on us for our domestic use than any other grains, will, it to husband the supply, there is one particular in is believed, sustain the heaviest injury from this which this economy, for more reasons than apply long continued want of the moisture neces- merely to the question of food, can be wisely and sary to its life and growth; and this fact is to wholesomely exercised. It is known that enorbe regretted the more because it is a crop whose mous quantities of corn are consumed in producdeficiency cannot be supplied from foreign sources. ing alcoholic liquors. It is estimated, for exIt is peculiar to the United States, is produced ample, that the grain annually employed in nowhere else in such abundance, and is largely Great Britian and Ireland for distillation and depended upon here, not only as an article of malting amounts to six million quarters, and household food, but' for feeding and fattening would feed five millions of people. In the cattle, especially hogs, which constitute, in the United States, as we learn by the last census, shape of pork, one of the leading and most lucra- the amount of grain used for the same purposes tive of the products of the interior. In the cen- exceeds seventeen millions of bushels, of which tral districts of Illinois, as well as in large sec- total there are more than eleven millions of tions of Indiana, Obio, Michigan, New York, bushels of corn. The greater part of the nutriMaryland, Pennsylvania and other States, the ment contained in this quantity, is entirely de. corn and potato crops are represented as alrearly stroyed in the process of the manufacture, while in so withered and scorched a condition as to be what was meant by nature for our sustenance is almost, if not entirely, beyond recovery. The turned into a deadly poison, detructive alike to former of the two, however, is a singularly hardy the health and morals of a population. It seems, and vigorous plant, capable of enduring severe therefore, obvious, in the face of an exigency extremes of weather, and should there occur which will require us to avoid wasting our even yet throughout the regions named, profuse breadstuffs, that we should withhold them espefalls of rain, it is possible it may escape destruccially from that consumption which makes way tion. In any event, however, the yield must be yearly with so vast a portion, while it devotes it abridged in a large measure, and the quality of to the most pernicious use to which it would be the corn saved will doubtless be very muchde- possible for a malignant ingenuity to apply the teriorated. It is fortunate that the same cause fruits of the earth.-N. American. cannot prejudice other principal grain crops of the States. Wheat, and such other crops as were gathered early in the summer, have escaped the effects of the heat, ard are represented in The immense screw and paddle steamer, buildmost places to have realized a fair average yield. ing by Scott Russell, at Millwall, England, for Nevertheless, we shall have the native sources of the Eastern Steam Navigation Company, is to our food so far entrenched upon by the rigors of be completed in twelve months. Her keel has the season as to feel the evil severely, unless we been laid down, and several of her bulkheads, or begin at once to exercise the kind of providence compartments, are raised, and the works are proand frugality which the impending exigency de- ceeding with energy and expedition. A rail
road has been laid down the entire length of her One reflection suggested by the anticipated way, to facilitate the conveyance of the materials emergency is the necessity for a proper economy from the factory to the different parts of the veson the part of all classes in their style of living. sel The exact dimensions of the ship are as Prices will necessarily range high in our provi- follows:-Tunnage, builder's measurement, 22,sion markets, and these will effect correspond- 000 tuns; tunnage burthen, 10,000 tuns; exingly every department of trade. The costliness treme length, 680 feet; extreme breadth, 83 of whatever we may consume or wear will be pro- feet; extreme depth, 58 feet; power of engines portionately advanced, and there are thousands (screw and paddle,) 2600 horse. Her engines of people who will therefore perceive the policy are in the course of construction, and will be of adopting early measures to retrench their ex- fitted in the vessel before she is floated off. The penses against the day of need that is coming. hull will be entirely of iron, and of more than Within a year or two past the country has enjoyed usual strength, the magnitude of her size enaan extraordinary measure of prosperity. The bling Mr. Brunel, the architect, to introduce circumstance has induced a personal extravagance many precautionary measures conducive to supin habit and expenditure, which all have parti- port and security. From her keel up to six feet çipated in to a greater or less extent, and which above the water-line is double, of a cellular conin certain classes of society has gone to most 'struction. The upper deck will also be strength
GREATEST STEAMER IN THE WORLD.
ened on the same principle, and will form a com- , time before had been a complete desert; workplete beam, similar to the tube of the Britannia men, artizans, shopkeepers, foreseeing the bridge, so that any external injury will not affect chances of gain in a new capital, crowded thither the tightness or the safety of the ship. She is from Finland, Livonia, from the ancient city of divided into ten separate water-tight compart- Novogorod, and from the steppes of the Tartars. ments, each being sixty feet in length, enabling Peter gave them a spot of ground, and some her to take out sufficient fuel for a voyage to wood, and they constructed a habitation. Australia and back to England without stopping.
Not satisfied with this voluntary colonization, the Czar, by his own absolute authority, obliged three hundred and fifty noble families to come
and establish themselves at St. Petersburgh, and “Had Peter I. never visited Holland, St. commanded the merchants and artizans to build Petersburg would never have been built,” says three hundred houses, while the proprietors of Marmier, “but he had learnt in Holland how to land bordering on the Neva were obliged to forin drain the dampest soil and to guarantee it a quay upon its banks; and every boat and resagainst the ravages of an impetuous wave. The sel that sailed up the river, was obliged to take most painful efforts, the hardest labor seemed as ballast a certain number of stones for conto him but light and easy in surmounting such struction. In 1714, this city which had started an obstacle, and he set to work. He began by up as it were from the waters at the will of building a fortress to defend the Neva against Peter I. already reckoned several thousand inthe Swedes. Before he undertook this con- habitants. With what joy and pride would this struction, it was necessary to render the soil firm map of genius look upon his work, could he beand to raise it; the workmen who were sum- hold it as it now is? When he transported his moned from all parts of the empire to this new sword and his sceptre to the extremity of his work, had not even hods and carts; they carried states, bis aim was to complete the conquest of the earth in the skirts of their garments or in Finland, to extend his empire as far as the Baltic, straw mats. A malady engendered by change of and thus bring it into contact with the most civi. climate, fatigue and humidity decimated them; lized nations of Europe. This object has been perse. but nothing shook the inflexible will of the Czar. veringly kept in view and brilliantly accomplished In five months the fortress was completed. The by his successors. All Finland now belongs to Swedes uneasy at these preparations, advanced Russia, and civilization has successfully entered with an army of twelve thousand men. Peter St. Petersburg. marched out to meet them-defeated them and It is now without contradiction the most returned to his work. Some time after this he splendidly built city in Europe: with streets as had added to the fortress inaugurated by the wide as the squares of London in symmetrical victory, a double row of small wooden houses, a order, like the paths of a garden of the eigh. church, an arsenal, a Corpe-de garde, a chancery teenth century; and edifices which are more and a pharmacy."
than a quarter of a mile in extent, and contain A navy was still wanting; Peter, who by turns within themselves a population more numerous was soldier, engineer, architect, turner, shoe than that of many of the small towns of Sweden maker, and sailor, and who by his example or even of Germany. The traveller would at taught his people what they ought to do, went first exclaim, here is a city of palaces. No naraway to the banks of Laké Ludaga, formed a row lane rudely built, no dark little squares; you dock yard, and there constructed fifteen vessels ; might suppose that this immense city would be then he went to the mouth of the Neva and inhabited only by millionaires; every where the chose the site where the fortress of Cronstadt same level; all is airy and spacious. There are was to be
uilt. The very year in which he houses like castles belonging to tradesmen who undertook and completed so many works, a have grown rich, and habitations belonging to Dutch vessel reached the newly founded city; private gentlemen which princes might envy; she was most joyfully received, and her officers you see at every step the carved balcony, the returned home laden with presents.
iron gate, the doric column, bronze and marble To hasten the execution of his plan, Peter fixed porphyry and granite. This assemblage of rich his residence on the banks of the Neva. He in constructions surmounted by green roofs
, by habited a small wooden house, which contained round and gilded cupolas and glittering spires
, only two chambers, with a vestibule or entrance which rise lightly and airily, produces at first a and a kitchen. Such was the first imperial pa- wonderful effect; and we stop and gaze with a lace of St. Petersburg,
surprise which is quite different from that pruNot far from this humble abode Mentzikoff duced by the aspect of other cities. constructed another for himself, in wood also, At St. Petersburg there is a stern but courts but larger and more elegant; it was there that magnificence; a military display calculated to Peter 1. gave his audiences.' In the meantime dazzle and be wilder the foreigner, who, of course, the example of the sovereign began to draw a neither hears the cry of torture, nor sees ang great many families to a shore, which a short violence that may be committed.' The em perut