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have chosen the cultivation of the field as their make some of them better philosophers and no outward employment; and his sentiment, thus worse men." Alluding to a peculiarly critical excellently expressed, will shew the foundation season for harvest in the year 1816, when the on which it was formed. “I consider religion, continuance for a few days longer, of the unfathe Christian religion, as that which, after educa- vorable weather, threatened to destroy the crops, tion has done its best, can furnish, and only can he says, “But just at this crisis when all seemed furnish the perfect model of an accomplished going to ruin, and the most active farmer could

do no more than look on and behold the wreck; 1810—9th mo., 10th. “I might indeed, if in this state of things the only change of weather not uncommonly dull, derive much instruction that could have been availing was in mercy per. from the nature of my employment, of which, mitted; a high, cold, and penetrating wind parhaps, few poetical lines are more justly descrip- arose, and in the course of a few hours quite tive than those which say

changed the face of things; the farmers exerted • The farmer's life displays in every part

themselves, and though considerable damage was A moral lesson to the sensual heart.

sustained, the threatened scarcity was averted.

I desire never to forget this impressive instance And may we not with equal truth add spiritual of providential correction and kindness, as maniinstruction also, to the well disposed and atten- fested in such rapid succession through the metive mind? The husbandman, whilst exposed to dium of the elements.” the vicissitudes of the weather, and the changes To another friend he writes, “ As a judge of of the seasons, deeply interested also, as be is, in rural affairs, and an admirer of the outward creathem, must have the fairest opportunity for tion, thou canst scarcely fail to observe with making observations upon their effects. The sensations of gratitude, the bounty of a gracious lilies arrayed in simple yet elegant loveliness, Providence in sending the present genial weather, and the ravens fed by the same providential hand, and with it a prospect of food and gladness to deare familiar objects to the sight; and if I may pendent and unworthy man, as well as to the once more boast, I do not remember a time when inferior and unconscious tribes of animal existI have seemed to myself more disposed to be in- ence; clothing also the vegetable kingdom in its structed by what we commonly call the operations new and annual robes of beauty. How numerof nature, than in the present very changeful ous and diversified are the reproduced adornments summer, in which perhaps the feelings of the of spring, where sin or sorrow, or the lust of community at large have experienced as much wealth does not cause them to pass unheeded. fluctuation as we ever remember from the same Next to the praises of the “ great First Cause,"

The late auspicious appearance for get- perhaps there is no subject to which verse is ting in the harvest has been particularly striking, more adapted, or on which it is better employed, being, if we may so speak, ushered in by a day than in unfolding the charms and splendors of as likely to create despondency in the farmer's his magnificent works, as these lie scattered mind as any I ever knew. What sentiments of every where, both in earth, in air and sea, migratitude and of confidence ought such a circum- nute and beautiful, or rude and grand. Accordstance to inspire, teaching us in everything to ingly some of our best poets, with several give thanks, and to believe that though wintry others, have contributed their mites in humbler seasons are in wisdom ordained, and storms per- strains to that general harmony which seems to mitted to interrupt even the tranquillity of sum- bid creation through all its realms rejoice in the mer's cheerful hours, yet these are but for an goodness and greatness, the wisdom and majesty appointed time, and for a determinate purpose! of its Author.” The sun breaks forth again, with undiminished The peculiar charms of his dear green Gedsplendor; the vegetable kingdom again expands ney are thus described : “The rich appearance with renewed beauty to his enlivening beams. of our best old pastures this fine spring, long acThe voice of the turtle, and the singing of birds customed as I have been to see them, almost surare again heard in our land. May we then, prises me. I should like to walk with thee over under the most unfavorable appearances, learn to some of our best grazing land, a small proportion trust and not be afraid with slavish and unprofita- of the whole, which is just now in its brightest ble fear.

appearance;

the

grass is so thick, so small in its Again he writes: “ That our all is dependent blade, so verdant in its color, so short and so soft upon an overruling Providence will be generally to the foot, that altogether, it might almost reacknowledged; but how far the weather, as a quire a poet to describe it. However, in my second cause, is in his hand made the agent of sober language it happens to be beauty which I plenty or scarcity, is perhaps too little considered. have eyes to see, and viewing it as I do, I am Were farmers seriously to reflect that they have reconciled to my lowly allotment.” no control over cold or heat, that they cannot “And thus, my friend, we are almost brought command a ray of sunshine or a drop of rain, and to the conclusion that it does not signify much that by a certain adjustment of all, their hopes where a man's home is, if he is but contented; are realized or disappointed; such thoughts might and whilst we allow the mountaineer to be de

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lighted with the hill that lifts him to the storm, thus blow over us, not unperceived, but with less we may by the same rule suffer the inhabitants danger and damage." of a lower region to rejoice in the plain that Thus harmoniously are combined in the charfeeds, and to commend the bog that bears him." acter of our departed friend, the farmer and the

"Gedney, like other grazing districts, often ap- humble Christian disciple; the refined and poetic pears to strangers rather dreary in winter, but is mind keenly alive to all the tender and beautiful now about its prime. A scene thou knowest associations of nature, with the wisdom that may be lovely, though the heart of him who views makes every event of life a lesson of instruction, it be faint ; still the note of the blackbird and the while all the praise is reverently ascribed to the fragrance of the woodbine may help to keep him divine Creative Power which fashioned the leaf from fainting. In the two latter charms of na- that unfolded itself six weeks ago in the forest, ture we just now excel.”

or the pattern of the leaf which was bathed in But looking beyond these beauties, we find him the dews of Paradise on the morning of creafrequently making such acknowledgments as this : tion.'"* “ Locality of outward situation and circum

(To be continued.) stance are in themselves very inferior considerations. Thus in the shade and retirement of

GEOGRAPHY OF PLANTS. country life I have often found

(Continued from p. 4, vol. 7) How ill the scenes that offer rest,

Much that is essential to the wants of man, is And heart that cannot rest agree;

comprised in the cocoa-tree. In proof of this we whilst in the crowded and busy metropolis, thou may observe, that the inhabitants of the Nicobar hast, I doubt not, enjoyed that quiet habitation, islands build their vessels, make the sails and into which the Lord's children are at seasons per- cordage, supply themselves with provisions and mitted to enter; a rest which, as neither solitude other necessaries, prepare a cargo of arrack, vinenor silence can of themselves procure, so neither gar, oil, and coarse sugar, cocoa-nuts, cordage, can tumults much disturb, certainly not destroy. and black paint, with several inferior articles for Still with poor Cowper 'I love the country.'

foreign markets, from the multifarious producA storm causing the loss of a large part of a tions of this valuable tree. valuable crop of grain, he remarks :

“ Lo! higher still the stately Palm-trees rise, “In endeavoring to reconcile my mind to this Chequering the clouds, with their unbending stems,

And o'er the clouds, amid the dark blue skies, circumstance, which probably thy religion or

Lifting their rich unfading diadems. philosophy, or both, may say ought not to have

How calm and placidly they rest disquieted it-but which combining as it did, Upon the heaven's indulgent breast. the idea of mismanagement, waste and disap

As if their branches never breeze had known ! pointed gain, could not fail to operate sensibly on

Light bathes them, aye, in glancing showers,

And silence mid their losty bowers a temperament like mine,- I was quickly made

Sits on her moveless throne.Isle of Palms. sensible that it would not do to make too much of it, even in soliloquy; and that something must vast deserts of the Zaara, rising to the height of

These vegetable columns are often seen in the be attempted to silence these inward repinings. perhaps one hundred feet. They comprise within In this labor, more severe than reaping, I thought themselves many things that are essential to myself helped by remembering the seaman's lot, the wants of man: fruit; a sweet mucilaginous whose life and whose property so often perish in the wave; and I was still further assisted by and a grateful food for the sheep and camels, by

juice resembling milk; honey from the dates; recollecting the manner in which

steeping the stones in water. It is even said The son of patience heard the wreck

that from one variety of the Palm Tree, the pheOf all his fortunes, camels, oxen, flocks,

nix farinifera, a meal has been extracted, which Sons, daughters-all in one sad hour o’erwhelmed.

is found among the fibres of the stem. The Thus renewedly fortified, though I had not the trunk is employed for fuel; a spirituous liquor is presumption to say “blow ye winds,” yet I was prepared from the sap; the fibres of the boughs enabled to view the storm, which was of long furnish threads, ropes, and rigging; the leaves continuance, sporting as it were with my agri- are used for brushes, for mats and bags, for bascultural credit and profit

, in a disposition very kets and couches, and as fans for chasing away different, I trust, from stoical apathy. Were I to the troublesome insects that infest hot countries; describe this disposition in one word, I perhaps the branches, too, are employed in making cages might call it prostration before a Power who for poultry, and garden fences. But the phoemaketh the clouds his chariot, and walketh upon nix is a lofty tree, and its vegetable treasures, its the wings of the wind, whom also, I think we are leaves, and fruit, grow at a great height. To told, the winds and the waves obey. This hum- obtain them, would, therefore, be extremely difble attitude of soul I can recommend, having ficult; the tribes which inhabit the wild deserts found on occasions of far different importance to of Barbary, know little of modern inventions, and that now described, the folly of resisting, and the safety of bending before the tempest which may

*Everett.

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even if they did, the carrying of a ladder to any, a blaze. The effect was beautiful, the darkness considerable distance would be inconvenient, if was instantaneously dispelled, and innumerable not impossible ; but the difficulty is provided for, sparks seemed to ascend to the very heavens, and the phenix, notwithstanding its great height, while a most agreeable odour was everywhere may be ascended as readily as a step-ladder. diffused. Our naturalist further observed, that The trunk is full of cavities, vestiges of decayed a pecular kind of fungus grew upon the larch, leaves, which have within them a flat surface, and that the inhabitants of those sterile regions exactly adapted for the reception of the hands used it to keep up their fires, and to make and feet. The natives, therefore, run nimbly up matches. The Creator, in crowning the summits the towering phønix, and even boys and women of these cold and ferruginous mountains with are not afraid to venture.

vegetable torches, has placed the match in their This noble tree attains its greatest perfection branches, as St. Pierre pleasingly observes, the in the vast deserts of Sahara, and in Arabia, be- tinder on their trunks, and the steel at their cause there its presence is essential. Wandering roots. tribes frequent the extensive precincts of these Swedish botanists uniformly notice, that the deserts, and scarcely anything will grow there, most resinous pines are to be found in dry and except occasionally a few solitary patches of sandy regions, and high mountainous districts; maize. Exposed to a burning sun, and some and we may also remark, in reference to the times covered with drifts of sand, vegetation pro- general characteristics of the fir, that its leaves ceeds slowly, even on the borders of the desert, are admirably adapted, by their configuration, to and the hopes of the husbandman are frequently resist the impetuosity of the winds, which blow disappointed. Without this valuable tree, man with unceasing violence over elevated places. might indeed exist, because the camel would suf- Thus they stand, bulwarks of Nature's making, fice for every actual want; but how could the to repel the cold; noble pillars to support the camel be supported ? Provender will sometimes rugged branches, that form impenetrable canopies fail, and then, as I have before observed, the to resist the weight of snow; but when the winstones of the fruit, when steeped in water, sup- ter is past, nothing can surpass the beautiful port both men and camels in long journeys across green tints that are every where conspicuous. the desert. To those, too, who lead a settled The solemn firs then burst into festoons of the life

upon its borders, beside their palm groves, most vivid emerald color, and throw out from and are within reach of water, these noble trees the extremity of their branches, yellow tufts of supply many needful wants; and on those great stamina, which give them the appearance of vast wastes of sand, that are never trodden, except by pyramids, loaded with little lamps. the wandering steps of predatory Arabs, the Vegetation assumes a very different aspect in palm-tree stands majestic and alone, a storehouse the torrid regions of the globe. There palmrichly supplied with all that is essential to their trees, tallipots, cocoas, and bananas, adorn the wants. It not only yields a salutary food for tropics. Their inhabitants suffer much from heat, both men and cattle, but uniformly indicates and, therefore, has the Most High clothed the fresh water near the roots. Groves of palms are country with trees of amazing height, and ample often seen like beacons, in the midst of sultry de- foliage, the shade of which defends them from serts; and beneath their umbrageous canopy, the the beams of a fervid sun, and affords a cool and fainting traveller may find a shelter in the noon- refreshing shelter during the most sultry season day heat. Some of these are very ancient. of the year. The air beneath, and in their viciThat of Elim yet remains, and its twelve foun- nity, is thus tempered, and various animals find tains have neither increased nor diminished in beneath them a pleasant and safe retreat. Birds number, since the days of Moses.

are screened among their branches, and gay-coated We may also notice, in connexion with this butterflies, and burnished insects, retire thither, interesting portion of our subject, that firs are not so much to avoid their enemies, as to find á mostly resinous, and thus, they not only shelter shelter from the sunbeams. Who does not acanimals of various kinds, but they furnish the knowledge in this beautiful arrangement, the natives with torches and fuel

. The charcoal they uniform care of Providence in thus assigning to produce is peculiarly adapted for smelting the the south, trees, that are always green, and with minerals, which often abound in their vicinity, an ample foliage, in order to screen the animal while the mosses, that so abundantly clothe the creation from the heat. The fruit, also, instead branches, as to hang like a canopy around the of being exposed to the action of the sunbeams, trunk, may be ignited from the slightest spark. generally ripens under the shelter of broad leaves, A Swedish naturalist relates, that being obliged and is either attached to the trunk, or to the to pass a night in the lofty mountains of the sprouting of the branches, instead of being eleStraits of Tronto, where he was botanizing, he vated, on a cone, like that of the fir; or open to observed numerous larches completely whitened the sun, as those of our temperate regions, in

The shepherds, in order to amuse order to imbibe its fullest influence. him, set fire to the mosses on several of the trees, Those arts which either adorn or improve life, and immediately the whole country appeared in Ware undoubtedly the gift of God. We may read

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in the twenty-eighth of Isaiah, v. 26 and 29, Hatteras light-house, which latter place is not that the High and Lofty One, who inhabiteth yet prepared to receive it. A similar one is in eternity, has not disdained to direct the labor of operation at Sand Key, in Florida. There are the husbandman. Throughout the twenty-sixth, four different kinds of Fresnel lights, graduated the twenty-seventh, and twenty-eighth of Exodus, in size to suit the positions they are to occupy We find that various beautiful and curious arts and the distances they are required to be seen, were first revealed to man, neither sought out by and each kind is subdivided into what are styled human ingenuity, nor suddenly brought to mind respectively “fixed,” “revolving or flashing," by any quickness of apprehension, but imme- and “ fixed varied by flashes.” The light at the diately made known to Moses, and by him com- Crystal Palace is of the first or largest kind, and municated to such as were selected for the pur- is a revolving or flashing light. These flashing pose. It appears, from the thirty-first of Exodus, lights may be varied by the duration of the flash that many of those arts, which are now essential and eclipse, and in some cases colored flashes to the comforts of civilised society, as the car- have been used for distinction. Captain Meade, ving of timber, and the shaping of stones, the of the Topographical Engineers, thus describes working of gold, of brass, and silver, were be the light which is in the exhibition : stowed as peculiar gifts on one, whom the Lord “ Fancy a twenty-four sided structure of glass, " had filled with his own spirit, in wisdom, in terminating at the top in a sort of truncated cone, understanding, and in knowledge, and in all or dome, the whole being about ten feet high and workmanship.” We further learn, that even the six feet in diameter—each of the twenty-four twining of fine linen, with blue, and purple, and sides, instead of being composed of one or more scarlet, the arts of dyeing, and engraving, were plates of glass, being made partly of twenty-seven derived from the same pure source. And to His segments or sections of a great lens four feet three glory, who first gave them, might they ever have inches high, and partly of prisms so scientifically been consecrated, had not man, bent upon his calculated, so artistically constructed, and so own injury, marred every gift which his Creator nicely put together, that each prism refracts the assigned him.

ray from one of its surfaces, reflects it from the It seems as if these beautiful and valuable arts second, and refracting it again from the third, were first bestowed for the accomplishment of a shoots it forth in a sun like beam of light. Thus, peculiar purpose, namely, the erecting, and adorn- from its twenty-four sides and 1008 lenses and ing of a splendid tabernacle, in which the Divine prisms, at the same instant and perpetually, this Presence was to be gloriously manifested; but marvellous contrivance darts forth its dazzling when this purpose was accomplished, it is evident filash, and revolving as it flashes, only intermits that mankind were allowed to apply the know- its light still more to startle the beholder. ledge, which they had thus divinely acquired, to “ The light is produced by a single lamp placed their own immediate benefit. How important to in the common focus. It is a carcel lamp, with a pastoral nation, must have been the arts of a burner of concentric wicks, the largest being squaring stones, and carving timber! They are nearly 4 inches in diameter. These wicks are the groundworks of our proudest structures in kept constantly saturated with oil, which is the present day; and when we see around us pumped up from a reservoir below, thus preventmaterials for various elegant and pleasing arts, ing undue carbonization, and producing the maxisurely we cannot doubt that the Almighty has mum brilliancy. The supplying pumps are assigned them to his creature man, as recreations moved by clock-work. The lamp, consisting of from those often laborious and wearisome pursuits the clock-work, reservoir, and burner, sits upon a to which he is subjected; or else, that he might tripod, resting on the stationary part of the appafind in them, a preservation from dangerous and ratus and by means of set-screws, can be very frivolous amusements. Such are the arts of nicely adjusted in the focal plane. painting, of sculpture, and of music : and why A cast iron column, or pedestal, sustains the should not these pure and beautiful arts be de- whole structure, and has on it a shoulder with a voted to the glory of Him who gave them? We bed plate of steel, with a beautiful arrangement find that various colored earths are useful in of friction wheels and rollers by which the movpainting; marble is the quarry of the statuary; able framework is supported and enabled to rebox-wood is preferred in making flutes; ivory for volve. Motion is given to this by a handsome the keys of the piano-forte : and without the piece of clock-work. The whole machinery, and Indian rubber tree, how could an artist frequently all the iron and brass work, are very complete, proceed in sketching the works of his Creator? and well worthy of inspection."

Besides the one at Sand Key, Florida, there

are also three others in use on our coast--one of THE FRESNEL LIGHT.

the second size at the Highlands of Neversink, There is now on exhibition at the Crystal one of the third size at the Brandywine Shoal Palace, New York, one of the Fresnel Lights, light, Delaware Bay, ånd one of the fourth size manufactured in Paris by order of the United on the Wangoschance light-house, Lake MichiStates government, and intended for the Cape gan. When the Cape Hatteras light is erected

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we shall have five of them in operation ; and it MARRIED, -On the 21st of last month, at Friends is said to be the purpose of the Lighthouse Board Meeting, at Oakridge, Grant Co., Indiana, JOSEPH to introduce them in all our first class or sea coast Rich to Mary Neal, both of the same Meeting. lights. They are almost the only lights used on

On the 22d of last month, at Friends' the coast of France and the continent of Europe. Meeting, at Back Creek, Grant Co., Indiana, MiAs regards their value, it is stated that their light daughter of Jesse Dillon, both of the same

CAJAH B., son of Henry Winslow, to ELIZABETH, penetrates fogs, and may be seen at all times as Meeting. far as the curvature of the earth will permit.

On the 10th inst., James Owen to ALMIRA One of these lights on the coast of France is said Wilson, both members of Honey Creek Monthly to have been seen by an observer on the English Meeting, Indiana. shore, at a distance of fifty miles. A great econo

At Friends' Meeting, at Nettle Creek, my of oil is effected by their use. — American Wayne County, Indiana, on the 21st of 9th month and Gazette.

last. Josiah Test, of Whitewater Monthly Meet-
ing, to Miriam C. DENNIS, of Springfield Monthly

Meeting.
FRIENDS' REVIEW.

On the 22d of 9th month last, at Friends'

Meeting, at West River, Wayne Co., Indiana, PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 22, 1853. Samuel Lamar to EUNICE Coffin, both of Spring

field Monthly Meeting. Our readers will find in the present number of the Review, a description, at considerable length,

Died,On the 16th ult., JESSE, son of Seth

Winslow, in the 17th year of his age, a member of a work which, if successfully accomplished, of Rock Creek Monthly Meeting, Indiana. may be fairly considered as the most stupendous

In Providence, R.I., on the 8th inst., at the that has been effected in modern times, by the residence of her brother, Dr. George L. Collins, genius and perseverance of man. And not the SARAH Ann Collins, aged 37 years; a member of least curious circumstance connected with this South Kingstown Monthly Meeting. wonderful structure, is the fact, that the union between the opposite shores of the foaming Niagara,

FRIENDS' ASYLUM. which are about being joined by a bridge capa- Wanted a Friend capable of keeping accounts, ble of sustaining a weight of ten thousand tons, making purchases and rendering general assiswas first effected by the string of a kite. A kite tance, at Friends’ Asylum. was probably never before rendered subservient Application may be made to Dr. J. H. Worthto the execution of so magnificent an enterprise.

ington, Superintendent, at the Institution near

Frankford. The philosophical reader will doubtless remember that a kite, in the hands of Dr. Franķlin, was made instrumental to the verification of a conjec- delphia for the Relief and Employment of the

A meeting of " The Female Society of Philature, which, when announced in the Royal So- Poor," will be held at the “House of Industry, ciety, was received with a laugh, that lightning No. 10 North Seventh street, on Seventh day, 11th and electricity were identical.

mo. 5th, at 3 o'clock. Whether all that is proposed by the engineer

Philadelphia, 10th mo. 18th, 1853. will be successfully accomplished, remains to be seen; but the suspension bridge which now be

PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC. strides the yawning gulf which there separates the dominions of Queen Victoria from the United

In a pamphlet, “ An Appeal for Prohibition," States, furnishes a striking illustration how great recently printed in this city, the author, P. results may be obtained from means and instru- Coombe, after reciting and refuting the argument ments apparently trivial.

of the dealers in spirituous liquors, founded on As this stupendous structure is designed to facili- the supposition that the prohibition would be an tate the intercourse between those who, though in invasion of individual rights, proceeds as follows: character and language essentially one people, Their second argument is, THE SACRIFICE are politically divided into two, it is devoutly to OF CAPITAL INVESTED.

This is their most be hoped that it may constitute an additional link, powerful argument. It is contended that uniting in interest and affection the people who the money now invested in the traffic would be occupy its opposite extremes; and thus while fa- thrown out of employment, and serious injury cilitating the operations of commerce, be like- result to many departments of trade. This is the wise conducive to the preservation of permanent identical argument used in the British Parliapeace.

ment, against the abolition of the slave trade.
Col. Tarleton said: “It would annihilate a trade

whose exports amounted to £800,000 annually, Upbraid only ingratitude.

and which employed one hundred and sixty ves

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