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accept any suggestion which would carry out And then does the gentleman intend to sep- of colored troops shall be taken from among his idea. I lave prepared a proviso which arate them, and assign them to duty in ten those who have served, &c. will, I think, answer the objection he contem- particular regiments? If so, that constitutes Now, as this bill stands, there are four regiplates removing, and with his perinission I à Veteran corps, and legislate as we please on ments of white cavalry and fifty-four companies would like to have it reported as an amend- the subject it will always be called such. One of white infantry, making live and two fifths ment to the amendment.
of these two things he must do, either mix up regiments; ten regiments of colored troops, Mr. GARFIELD. I will hear the gentle- improperly and inappropriately, and to the being two regiments of cavalry and two of man's amendment read.
detriment of the service, oflicers of different intantry; and ten regiments of the Veteran The Clerk read, as follows:
physical characteristics throughout the whole Reserve corps ; and as the bill now stands, you Provided. That graduates of the Military Academy | Army, or else separate them. If you do the can only appoint in all the forces provided for at West Point and all officers of volunteers, includ- former, you encounter a difficulty in that direc- in this bill, from among all the troops that ing Veteran volunteers and the Veteran Reserve corps, shall be cligible to all offices necessary to fill
tion. If you do the latter, you have a Veteran || have served in the last war, except the invalids vacancies under this bill: Provided, Such oficer or corps whether you choose to call it so or not. and those who have served with the colored officers can pass a satisfactory examination before a If not known by law as such, it will receive troops, nine colonels, nine lieutenant colonels, competent board of officers.
some soubriquet or nickname from those who nine majors, and line officers in proportion, Mr. GARFIELD. I cannot accept that. speak of it as a part of the Army.
while the bill will require you to appoint ten It is not germane to the subject now under
Then in regard to the provision as to those invalid colonels, ten invalid lieutenant colonels, discussion.
who have been officers of colored troops, why ten invalid majors, and so on, and also ten The amendment which I sent up to the Clerk's make a special provision that you shall select colonels that have served with colored troops, desk, and which the chairman was not willing | enough oflicers who have heretofore com- ten lieutenant colonels, ten majors, and a like I should go back to offer as a modification of manded those troops to command the eight || proportion of line officers. the fourth section, was to the effect that the regiments, unless you mean to have eight regi- The bill provides that the oflicers of the colSecretary of War shall be authorized and di
ments commanded by them? Why select that ored troops shall be selected exclusively from rected to accept persons partially disabled as particular number of men who have had expe- among those who have served with colored enlisted men in the Army to the number of not rience in command of colored troops, unless troops, while it also provides that officers who more than five thousand; and that when they | you mean something by it? Why pick out have served with the colored troops may be were accepted he might put them into separate enough of those officers to replete them if you appointed to the command of white troops. companies, if he chose, or even separate regi- are only intending to scatter them throughout | The door is open for the captain of a colored ments. Idesigned in that amendment to strike the Army?
company to compete for an appointment as out that clause of the fourth section which It seems to me, therefore, that the only effect captain of any one of the white regiments. organized these troops as a Veteran Reserve of all this is simply to mix up the whole matter, Mr. PAINE. I want to inquire of the gencorps, and compelled the President to aggre- and to fail either on the one hand to accom- tleman whether this is or is not the identical gate all of that kind of troops and officers as a plish the object intended or else to accomplish | amendment upon which the House voted when distinct organization for special service. That it without giving the appropriate name, and it resumed the consideration of this bill this was my purpose in introducing it. If the amend- leave it to be nicknamed in such a way as those morning. ment which is now before the House-shall pre- who shall turn their attention to giving names
Mr. FARNSWORTH. No, sir; it brings vail, I hope the chairman of the committee will
to these particular arms of the service may up the same question, but it is not the same allow me to go back and make the necessary choose when they shall once have been or- amendment. I desire to bring the question up modification. dered.
again, because I do not think the House underMr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, every gen- Now, as to the latter part of the amendment, stood it when they voted upon it this morning. tleman in this House accustomed to legislation, | I have no objection to it. It was the intention I do not think this House intended to conincluding my colleague, (Mr. Garfield,] must of the Committee on Military Affairs of the fine the selection of the officers of these ten know how much easier it is to attempt to put | House to provide that without reference to colored regiments exclusively to those who here and there a patch upon a bill, which after whether they belonged to one corps or the have served witli colored troops, while those all will render it incongruous in its parts, than other, in promotions hereafter to be made, there officers at the same time may be appointed in it is to deal with that will as an entirety with all might be promotions in any one arm of the ser- any of the regiments of white troops provided its parts coherent. I think if the gentleman vice without reference to these distinctions or for by this bill. In the reorganization of the should succeed in making some or any of the divisions, and that is all that is necessary, it Army why should we, among all the troops amendments he proposes, it would result in seems to me, to accomplish the object the gen- that have served in this war, select ten colonels marring the harmony of the bill as it now stands, tleman has in view.
from among those officers who served with coland would only render necessary its recommit- In the Senate bill, as originally printed and ored troops, when you select from the great tal in order to lick it into shape,'' to use a laid upon our tables, there was a provision that mass of the other soldiers only nine colonels vulgar expression.
promotions in the colored troops, in the Vet- for the other regiments ? So far as the amendment which I objected to eran Reserve corps, or in any branch of the And it is proposed by this bill that ten colgoing back to insert in the preceding section is service should be confined to that particular onels, ten lieutenant colonels, and ten majors concerned, it is borrowing language from the division of infantry. Afterward, when the shall be selected for the Veteran Reserve corps tenth section of the bill, which contains a pro- Veteran Reserve corps was dropped in the from among the invalids of our soldiers, while vision in reference to enlisting men who could Senate, the colored troops remaining, this sec- only nine colonels are to be appointed from not otherwise pass medical inspection, unless tion was stricken out, and the bill of the Sen- sound and able-bodied men. there was a statutory provision that they might ate and the bill of the House both agree now Now, I think the bill ought to be amended be received as enlisted men in the Army. And on the subject of promotions in the divisions in these respects. I think that the door should the only object of inserting the amendment in created between different portions of the in- be opened more widely, and that we should not the fourth section instead of confining it in that | fantry force; and therefore, the gentleman's make a privileged class, but allow the Governconnection to matters to which it properly be- amendment will only carry out what, it seems ment, in the selection of these ollicers, to select. longs, must be to get rid of the words * Veteran to me, is a fair construction of the bill, either from among any who have served in the late corps. It seems to me it would be much better | the Senate bill or the House bill. But, in order in connection with the matter of enlistments, to render it perfectly clear, as suggested by the Mr. PAINE. I voted this morning for the which is provided for in the tenth section. gentleman from Iowa, [Mr. Wilson,] I have amendment of the gentleman from Illinois,
Then comes the amendment which the gen. no objection that it shall be made, by specific | [Mr. FARNSWORTH,) and I believe I was the tleman now proposes to the section under con- terms, to be understood that promotions in that only member of the House besides hiinselt sideration, that you shall not have a Veteran way shall be competent hereafter. But as to the who did vote in favor of it. And I am still in corps, known as such, but shall authorize the original organization of these corps, I think favor of it as an independent proposition. Secretary of War to receive as many into the that while nothing is accomplished, except But I feel it my duty to call attention to some service, of all grades, as would, if put together, perhaps confusion, by that which is proposed statements made by the gentleman from Illi: make up a suflicient number of officers for ten by my colleague, he will not escape from that nois which seem to me to be incorrect. I regiments.
difficulty which he thinks, as I believe improp. || think he has not correctly stated the number Now, what is to be done with these wounded | erly, will occur from having these different of colonelcies which shall be open to volunofficers? You are either to take them as branches of the infantry of the Army.
teers outside of the Veteran Reserve corps wounded officers and mix them up with the Mr. FARNSWORTH. I wish to offer an and the colored troops: In the first place whole of the rest of the Army, so that you shall amendment which would more properly, I there are the six new cavalry regiments, for have light duty and hard duty, garrison duty think, precede the amendment of the gentle | which colonels are to be provided. and frontier duty, to be performed by a class man from Ohio, [Mr. GARFIELD,] for it is an Mr. FARNSWORTII. Two of those regiof men not quite well suited for hard duty, ! amendment to the text for which the gentle- ments are to be colored regiments. because of their suffering arising from wounds man from Ohio offers a substitute.
Mr. PAINE. Then there are four new cavreceived in former service, instead of assign- I move to insert after the word " was in alry regiments, at any rate. Then there are ing to that duty the able-bodied men who are the twenty-seventh line, the words:
eighteen new infantry regiments for which colpeculiarly fitted for it. You make your Army Or from those who have served in other volunteer
onels are to be appointed. incongruous in its character as regards its troops cither as oilicers, non-cominissioned officers, Mr. FARNSWORTH. How does the genefficiency and capability and the physical char- or privates.
tleman make out the eighteen new infantry acteristics of its various officers. You mix them That will provide that the officers selected regiments? all up together.
to fill the original vacancies in the regiments Mr. PAINE. There are now nine regiments
consisting of three battalions each, which are section referred to by the chairman of the com- you please, for one regiment of disabled heroes, to be converted into twenty-seven regiments, | mittee, if the House should then decide to dis- for one company of these disabled men in a thus providing for eighteen new colonels. pense with this office altogether that will apply regiment, and nine companies of able sound Ur. FARNSWORTH. These twenty-seven to the whole bill, while if we adopt the gentle
Let us not compel him to have a whole battalions are to be increased by adding two man's amendment now it will still not effect regiment made up entirely of only that class companies to each battalion, and there are to the general purpose. The gentlenian had bet- of persons. Let him distribute them through be appointed, therefore, only the two captains || ter wait till we reach the seventh section rather the Army as the best interests of the service and the two lieutenants for these two new com- than involve us now in a general discussion may deinand. panies of cach battalion.
whether we shall dispense with the office of Now, it is proposed by this bill he shall have Mr. PAINE. The gentleman from Illinois regimental commissary in the whole organiza- | these ten regiments known by a special name seems to suppose that these three-battalion tion of the Army.
and collected in a special body. I think it regiments already have a colonel for each bat- Mr. VAN AERNAM. Well, then, I give will work evil to the Army, and it will certalion. Now, in these nine three-battalion notice that when we reach the seventh section tainly be inharmonious. I am thoroughly perregiments there are only nine colonels, and I shall move to strike out the words “regi- | suaded if the amendment I have offered be this bill, by providing for changing each bat- mental commissary' wherever they occur. adopted, with a few amendments, not in the talion into a regiment by the addition of two Mr. GARFIELD. I hope that the amend. || spirit, not in the structure, but only in the companies, making a regiment of ten com- ment of the gentleman from New York (Mr. incidental form, we will make it a more acceptpanies of each battalion, will provide eighteen VAN AERNAM) will not prevail, because in the able and desirable bill. new colonelcies to be filled by appointment. first place I do not see the reasons why we Mr. SCHENCK. I did not think when I Those eighteen, with four for the new regi. should dispense with the otfice of regimental yielded that it was for the purpose of again ments of cavalry that are to be composed of commissary. But still it may be that when the going over the whole discussion of the amendwhite troops, will make at least twenty-two general discussion on that subject shall come
I will say now to my colleagne, that in colonelcies to be filled by appointment from up, I may be led to take a different view from reference to his own amendment, he himself among persons other than those persons in the that which I now hold. Hence, without pro- admits these troops are to be kept separate. Veteran Reserve corps, or the colored regi- nouncing either for or against the proposition, || There is to be one company of them in cach ments.
I hope the gentleman will not press the amend- regiment. Those companies will be mixed up But they are not all. There may be other ment until we come to the section which treats with companies of men of another class, and vacancies in the artillery regiments, in the old of the organization of a regiment.
the officers commanding the companies with regiments of cavalry, or in the colonelcies of While on the floor, I wish, if the gentleman | Oflicers of another class of troops. the nine three-battalion regiments; and if will allow me, to say a word with reference to His objection is to their being called the there should be such vacancies, then any vol- my amendment, in response to the remarks of Veteran Reserve corps. If they are not called unteer officer will be eligible to appointment to my colleague, (Mr. SCHENCK.] I do not believe the Veteran Reserve corps, separated as he fill any such vacancy. There is no clause in that the amendment which I offer as a substi- proposes, perhaps they will get a name which this bill, from beginning to end, which renders tute for the latter portion of this section will may be worse. I think the name of Veteran a volunteer officer ineligible to any such position | embarrass at all the general provisions of the Reserve corps is a good one. It is significant in our artillery, cavalry or infantry regiments. bill. The whole manner of selecting these offi- and honorable and descriptive of that which
Now, I was inclined, as the gentleman from cers, so far as it is set forth in my amendment, || they have done, and indicating what they have Illinois is inclined, to throw open these com- was borrowed bodily from one of the subse- earned. I suppose by wiping out the idea of missions in the colored regiments to wounded quent sections of the bill as it lies before me; a Veteran Reserve corps, and having one of officers and soldiers of volunteers and the reg- and therefore it will not, if adopted, be a patch these companies to a regiment, the gentleman ular Army, and to graduates of West Point. or a blotch upon the bill.
thinks he has accomplished everything. It inay And I voted for his proposition to that effect. As it is now proposed to have ten regiments || be we will then hear of the cripple companies But this proposition seems to me to be the same consolidated and known as the Veteran Reserve or the regiment of cripples or of condemned which he presented before and which the House corps, it seeins to me that we shall have trouble Yankees,'' as the rebels speak of them, or some has already decided in the negative. And I in the future in continuing the organization of other nickname. I protest against that. If we think it is hardly proper to call upon the House that corps. Is this corps to be kept up per- are going to have a Veteran Reserve corps, and again to pass upon the same proposition. petually? Manifestly not; for the day will it seems to me the Ilouse so moved on this
But there is one consideration which ought come, we trust, when we shall not have, among question yesterday by a vote of 80 to 30, let us not to be overlooked in this case ; that is, that the population of this country, a suflicient meet the question. If we are not going to have the officers of the colored reginients are in; number of men wounded in military service it, let us not take it in fact and yet shrink froin cluded among the volunteers in the general to supply the raks of this Veteran Reserve giving it its name, but have it nicknamed in distribution of offices in the Army. That con- corps. T'he time will therefore come when some other way. sideration would be a reason in favor of the young blood will be infused into the Army, Mr. VAN AERNAM. I move to strike out proposition of the gentleman from Illinois, and and when this Veteran Reserve corps will the words “regimental commissary” wlierever it was the main reason which influenced my cease by the very inability to enlist men of the they occur in the amendment or in the bill. vote in favor of the proposition he submitted class described. Now, why not let those of
I do this because I believe neither economy on yesterday. I admit its weight; and if the this class come in and be put in separate com; nor justice demand the creation of this office. proposition should come up anew I should vote panies if the Secretary of War so chooses, and By reference to the Army Register, I see only for it, as I did this morning. But at the same when they fail to come forward in sufficient six regimental commissaries in the old organtime, I cannot agree with the gentleman in numbers to keep filled up the ten regiments ization. They are attached to cavalry regisupposing that without his amendment these their places can be supplied without the neces- ments, and to cavalry regiments alone. If the volunteers would be cut off to the extent he | sity for any new legislation? You will not amendment of the gentleman from Ohio should imagines. On the contrary, I think the provis- then have to tear down the structure of your prevail, or the bill should pass, it would create ·ions of the bill are broader than he supposes. Arnıy: It can move on under its present | seventy-one officers whose pay would not be I shall therefore vote against his amendment organization, and without a jar.
less than $200 per month. During the rebelnow pending.
But if you put into the Army this Veteran lion the same duties were discharged by comMr. SCHENCK. I demand the previous Reserve corps by name-if you have a specific, || missary sergeants at twenty-one dollars per question upon the pending amendment. definite, well-defined body of men known as month, and I do not see why they should not
Mr. GARFIELD. I trust my colleague will the Veteran Reserve corps-you will be obliged | continue to be so discharged. ask the previous question only on the amend- some day to reform your legislation, and re- Mr. SCHENCK. All I have to say is, that ment to the amendment; I would like to say a model your Ariny, simply because of this pro- while I have doubted the necessity of having word on the amendment.
vision for the Veteran Reserve corps as a per- these two offices, concurrent military authority, Mr. VAN AERNAM. Before the previous manent branch of the Army. I desire that we and especially of the heads of the commissary question is called, I would like to offer an shall organize our Army in such a way that and the quartermaster's departments, induced amendment.
it can be maintained permanently without the the committee to adopt the separation. It was Mr. SCHENCK. I withdraw the call for necessity hereafter of new legislation, when it so provided in the Senate bill as recommended the previous question.
shall be no longer practicable to preserve a by the military commission. As it is, one ofliMr. VAN ÅERNAM. I desire to move to Veteran Reserve corps.
cer combines in his own person the qualities amend the amendment of the gentleman from Besides, sir, who knows that we want just of two distinct offices, having to account to two Ohio (Mr. GARFIELD] by striking out the words ten regiments of this sort consolidated in one distinct departments. I hope the amendment "regimental commissary” wherever they oc- body? A company of these disabled soldiers will not prevail. I demand the previous quescur. I believe that that office is unnecessary. may be required, for instance, at Milwaukee tion on all the amendments.
Mr. SCHENCK. It is the seventh section or at Sault Ste. Marie. A company, or two The previous question was seconded and the which provides for this office; and we have not companies, may be required here or there main question ordered. yet reached that section.
along the northern border, along the Atlantic The amendments of Mr. FarNSWORTH and Nr. VAN AERNAM. I desire to strike out sea-board, on the Gulf, or on the Mexican front- Mr. Van AERXAM were both rejected. these words in this amendment; and when we ier; and sometimes a regiment or half a regi- The question recurred on Mr. GARFIELD's come to the seventh section I shall move to ment of able-bodied troops may be required in amendment. amend that also,
conjunction with one or two companies that Mr. GARFIELD demanded tellers. Mr. GARFIELD. The gentleman will al- may not be classed as able-bodied. Therefore, Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. GARFIELD low me to suggest that when we come to the let the Secretary of War have discretion, if and SCHENCK were appointed.
The House divided; and the tellers reported is closed on a section, amendments can be of those who for the past three years have been --ayes 37, noes 54; no quorum voting. offered and voted on, but not debated. Now, enjoying what, in the parlance of the day, are
Mr. GARFIELD demanded the yeas and the previous question cuts off both debate and called *the soft places'' in the Army. I say nays.
further amendment. Shall the rule be adopted that the House has consented to retain this The yeas and nays were ordered. as in Committee of the Whole?
provision in the bill upon the assurance and The question was taken; and it was decided Several MEMBERS. Oh, no.
declaration that the bill is to be so‘modified as in the negative-yeas 51, nays 58, not voting The SPEAKER. The Chair sustains the to secure that impartiality: 74; as follows:
ruling of the Speaker pro tempore, [Mr. Bout- This provision is offered merely to carry out YEAS Messrs. Ames, Baker, Baldwin, Bidwell, WELL,] that debate was not cut off upon the that understanding; merely to say that these Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall, Buckland, Chanler, motion of the gentleman from New York, [Mr. | officers, except so far as they are now in some Conkling, Davis, Dawes, Dodge, Donnelly, Eggleston, Eldridge, Farquhar, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Good
Coxkling.] This proviso was reserved when way employed, shall be put simply upon a par, year, Aaron Harding, Hayes, Hogan, Hooper, Edwin the previous question was demanded by the gen- fairly, with other officers disabled by disease or N. Hubbell, Kelley, Kelso, Loan, McClurg, McRuer, tleman from Ohio, [Mr. SCHENCK.]
wounds. Miller, Moorhead, Morris, Myers, Newell, Niblack, Mr. STEVENS. Mr. Speaker, I do not see Nicholson, O'Neill, Samuel J. Randall, Ritter, Rog
We are met by the chairman of the Comers, Spalding, Taber, Francis Thomas, Van Aernam, the necessity of this amendment. The Depart- || mitte on Military Affairs with the objection Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Ward, Went- ment can muster out at any time. And if after that such a provision is unnecessary.
I will worth, Williams, and Wright-51. NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Barker, Baxter, Benja
you pass this bill you muster them ont they | admit it for the sake of the argument. If it be min, Bingham, Boyer, Bundy, Deming, Dixon, Driggs,
will all be entitled to three months' pay, unnecessary certainly it will do no harm. Let Farnsworth, Ferry, Finck, Ilale, Abner C. Harding, according to the law.
us put it in out of abundant caution, so that Henderson, Holmes, Asahel W. llubbard, Chester D.
Mr. CONKLING. I would like to ask the wounded officers throughout the country, even Hubbard, Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Ketcham, Kuykendall, George V. Lawrence, Longyear, gentleman whether he has taken the pains to though they are not here in Washington, or Lynch, Marshall, Marston, Marvin, McKce, Mercur, ascertain how many officers of the present corps belonging to any organization keeping special Paine, Patterson, Perham, Price, William II. Randall, Raymond, John H. Rice, Rollins, Ross, Schenck,
would be retained in the corps to be estab- guard and watch over our legislation, may know Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Smith, Stevens, Stilwell, lished if an impartial distribution of commis- that they have the same opportunities as any. Taylor, Thayer, Trowbridge, lipson, Elihu B. Wash- sions takes place among all the wounded officers | body else. If this amendment is mere surburne, Henry D. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, and Woodbridge-58. and soldiers.
plusage it is harmless, and let it be adopted NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Anderson, Mr. STEVENS. I have not taken any such for the sake of fair dealing, and to carry out Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Banks, Beaman, pains, because I do not see what it has to do the understanding of the House. Bergen, Blaine, Blow, Broinwell, Reader W.Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Coffroth, Cook, Cullom, Culver,
with the selection of officers impartially. That The able gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. Darling, Dawson, Defrees, Delano, Denison, Dumont, is drawing lots, I suppose. Those who have the STEVENS) makes a practical suggestion; he Eckley. Eliot, Grider, Grinnell, Griswold, Blacris,
appointment of them will select just whom they says that this amendment would involve some Hart, Iligby, Hill, Hotchkiss, Demas Ilubbard, John H. Hubbard, James R. ILubbell, James llumphrey,
choose, twenty, thirty, or forty, by name. And expense. I beg to ask the gentleman from James M. Humphrey. Ingersoll, Johnson. Jones, as I said before, so much will be saved by Wisconsin, [Mr. Paine,] whose fairness and Kerr, Lailin, Latham, William Lawrence. Le Blond || allowing them to stay in. If they are not good judgment as exhibited on this floor I McCullough, McIndoe, Morrill, Moulton, Noell, Orth, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Radford, Alexander
wanted they will be mustered out. I cannot respect as a military man, whether it be true H. Ricc, Rousseau, Sawyer, Scofield, Sbanklin, Sloan, see any need of mustering all of them out and that the mustering out of the service of ten, Starr, Strouse, John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trimble, letting them go home and draw three months' twenty, or thirty of these men, assuming that Warner, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, and Winfield-74.
pay, and then bringing in the same men again. they would be reappointed, would involve any So the amendment was disagreed to.
Mr. SCIENCK. It is merely singling out expense whatever that would be appreciable or
these wounded officers of the Veteran corps, to be talked about? I will thank him to state During the roll-call, Mr. INGERSOLL stated that he was paired do what they can do in other cases. Congress and giving direction to the War Department to to the House whether it would or would not.
Mr. PAINE. In answer to an inquiry made with Mr. J. L. THOMAS.
has never done any such thing before. They by the gentleman some little time ago I replied Mr. SCHENCK moved to reconsider the vote by which the amendment was rejected ;
are all left under the operation of law to be that the expense of mustering out these officers
dealt with by the military authorities in the and also moved to lay that motion on the
would not be appreciable. But it did not occur
I do not understand why any such to me then that there would be the three months table.
discrimination should be made. Or if made in The latter motion was agreed to.
pay due. I do not know now how that inatter this case, I would suggest whether we might would stand. If that extra pay were involved The question recurred on the amendment
not as well extend it to other officers and give of course it would be an additional expense; proposed by Mr. Conkling to add to the sec- instructions as to the mustering out of other but I do not know how that matter stands. tion the following proviso: arms of the service.
MESSAGE FROM THE SEVATE.
A message from the Senate, by Mr. WillIAN for duty in the Freedmen's Bureau or otherwise actually and necessarily employed, shall, upon the
Mr. CONKLING. I hope not without giv
J. McDonald, its Chief Clerk, informed the passage of this act, be mustered out of service and ing me an opportunity to state why I offered it.
House that the Senate had passed, without put upon the same footing with other disabled ofii- Mr. SCHENCK. I supposed the gentleman
amendment, joint resolutions of the House No. cers not now in service. was through. I have inade no special argu
88, expressive of the thanks of Congress to GenThe SPEAKER pro tempore,(Mr. BOUTWELL ment against it and I really wish to get through | ing managers for the National Asylum for Dis
eral Winfield S. Hancock, and No. 108, appointin the chair.) On this amendment the main this bill. question is ordered.
Mr. CONKLING. I would like to explain
abled Volunteer Soldiers. Mr. CONKLING. I demand the yeas and || in one word why I offered this amendment.
The message further informed the House nays on the amendment. And I call attention Mr. SCHENCK. No, sir; I move the pre
that the Senate had passed a resolution (S. R. to the fact that the previous question exhausted vious question on the pending amendment.
No. 69) making an appropriation to enable the 'itself on the amendment preceding this.
Mr. "CONKLING. "The gentleman, then,
President to negotiate treaties with certain In-. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair, refuses to allow an explanation to be made.
dian tribes, in which he was directed to ask the upon reflection, thinks that the previous ques- We will see whether we can carry out the
concurrence of the House. tion has exhausted itself and does not cover understanding of the House or not.
REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY-AGAIN. this amendment. The Clerk is of a different The question was taken on the demand for Mr.CONKLING. Everybody will see, assumopinion, and the Chair followed that.
the previous question; and there were-ayes | ing that the three months' pay would be due, Mr. SCHENCK. It was not understood that 31, noes 61.
that the expense would not be so great as if the previous question covered this amendment. So the previous question was not seconded. we continued the regular pay of all these men
The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair Mr. CONKLING. I wish to detain the || pending the selection. Again, I am informed rules that the amendment is open to debate. House but for a moment. And I wish first to that a muster-out and a muster-in, as a simultaMr. SCHENCK. Would it be in order to
repel entirely the insinuation made again by neous act, would not involve this three months' stop discussion on this section? I have no the chairman of the Committee on Military pay. objection to amendments being offered and Affairs that any assault is intended upon these Now, if I can get the attention of the mem
wounded officers. It must have been repeated, || bers of this House, I ask them to consider for The SPEAKER, (resuming the chair.) The I think, for the benefit of the galleries here and a moment the utter insignificance of the exHouse is not in Committee of the Whole, and the galleries elsewhere; because I hope no pense of which we are speaking. I have had debate is limited to fifteen minutes. The pre- gentleman upon this floor is to be frightened a computation made, approximating certainly vious question being applied to any section cuts from his propriety or sense by the repetition as nearly as I can arrive at it by consulting off any member froin amending it.
of a statement which has no foundation what- gentlemen who know, which shows that there by the section by the operation of the previous erer in fact. An assault upon whom? The cannot be fewer than two hundred thousand question and go on to the next.
House has consented to retain this provision men and officers in the country who have Mr. SCHENCK. My object is to stop the upon the guarantee--for it comes to that-of served in the armies of the Republic, and who interminable discussion.
the chairman of the Committee on Military have become disabled by wounds or disease. The SPEAKER. The gentlemen may ar- Affairs that impartiality, in theory and in sub- Now, in these ten regiments there are three rive at that object if the House will consent that stance, is to be preserved in the dispensation hundred and sixty commissions, or in the debate shall be considered as in Committee of of these commissions. How? By putting upon proportion of about one commission to each the Whole, and allow fifteen minutes for and a par the wounded officers and soldiers of the forty disabled officers and soldiers in the counagainst each amendment. Then, when debate ll country; by not making a distinction in favor try. So that if the distribution of these offices
should be made according to an impartial rule corps, or its continuance or connection with
as to embody in a legislative act our instrucof selection, there would be about nine com- the Army in any capacity whatever, to submit tions that there must be some haste in clearmissions to be given to the three lyndred and to thewmen of that corps the question whether | ing them out of the way before it shall be confifty or four hundred officers of the Veteran | or not they would vote to be mustered out and sidered whether any of them are to be retained Reserve corps not now provided for. There- go home. The result was precisely what would in the service, or clearing out of the way as fore, the point made by the gentleman from follow if you were to submit such a question to many of them as do not happen at this moPennsylvania, (Mr. STEVENS,] results in just the vote of any regiment, brigade, or division ment to be employed. this, that there may be incurred the expense
of the Arm
the crew of sailors on board Then, again, the language of the amendof mustering out nine men who will be mus- any vessel in our Navy. There is not a body of ment is who were not necessarily employed.” tered in again. And that can be provided for soldiers or sailors in our service who would not Now, who, after all, is to determine the meanby the insertion of a word or two in some sub- vote themselves out for å holiday if they had | ing of that word “necessarily?”' So long as sequent section of the bill.
the opportunity, although they might be look- we have a Military Department, the discretion Now, I hope that, as a large majority of this ing fora chance to reënlist three days afterward. with reference to this matter must, after all, House voted to retain this provision concern- Hence they all scattered; they went to their rest with that Department; and I am willing it ing the Veteran Reserve corps, upon the ex- homes. Then the Secretary of War, always shall rest there. press understanding that all wounded officers || friendly to this Veteran Reserve corps, him- Now, sir, as the gentleman from New York and wounded men are to be allowed barely to self the originator, or at least the executor of has advocated his amendment, and as I have compete upon an equal footing for these com- the idea which called that corps into existence, replied to him, I do not know that I will be missions, that understanding will be carried was puzzled to know what it was his duty to considered illiberal if I ask the previous quesout, and carried out certainly, even if we put do in regard to the matter. A number of gen. tion. in a provision for abundant caution, which we tlemen, members of this House, accompanied Mr. CHANLER. I hope the gentleman will might do without. That will do no harm, and by one or more Senators, believing that it not call the previous question. this amendment is intended only for that pur- would be an act of great harshness if these Mr. SCHENCK. If I call the previous pose. It is intended to prevent any advantage wounded or disabled officers who had been question on the whole section will that cut off being gained by those who happen to be in selected and placed in this corps should be amendments? Washington, who may happen to have such turned out at once, with the question still The SPEAKER. It will cut off amendfacility of access to the Department as will give unsettled whether any of them were to be re- ments. them an advantage when the bill comes to be tained in the service or not, and with no pro- Mr. SCIIENCK. There are gentlemen who administered. vision in reference to the subsistence of them
want to offer amendments in good faith, and I It is suggested to me to call the previous ques- selves or their families, called upon the Secretary | therefore only call the previous question on the tion, which I will not do, however, if it will cut of War, who, after a full conversation, man- pending amendment. off any other gentleman who desires to be heard ifested his willingness to retain those officers The previous question was seconded and the upon this subject. until it should be settled whether we were to
main question ordered. Mr. SCHENCK. I do not intend to pursue have a Veteran Reserve corps, for whose offi- Mr. "CONKLING demanded the yeas and the course of argument which the gentleman cers some of these men might perhaps þe
nays. from New York [Mr. CoNkLiNG] seems to in- selected, provided there could be some sort The yeas and nays were ordered. vite upon this subject. His elegant self-com- of official indication of the wish of Congress The question was taken; and it was decided placency at times in his treatment of the chair- that these officers should be thus retained.
in the affirmative-yeas 59, nays 43, not voting man of the Committee on Military Affairs is In consequence of this, the Committee on
81; as follows: only surpassed by the severe irony I always Military Affairs of this House, after consider
YEAS- Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ancona, Baker, receive from the gentleman from New York, ing the whole matter, directed me to report a Baldwin, Bidwell, Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Chan[Mr. CHANLER, ) on the other side of the House. resolution, a copy of which I hold in my hand; ler, Sidney Clarke, Conkling, Davis, Dodge, Eldridge, Mr. CHANLER. Mr. Speaker- [Great and this is the resolution about which so much
Farnsworth, Farquhar, Ferry, Finck, Glossbrenner,
Goodyear, Gridcr, Aaron Harding, Abner C. Harding, laughter.]
has been said. It was drawn up as a joint Hooper, Asahel W. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, HulThe SPEAKER. Does the gentleman from resolution, and is in these terms:
burd, Julian. Kelso, Loan, Marvin, McRuer, Mercur, Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK] yield to the gentleman
Moorhcad, Morris, Myers, Nicholson, O'Neill, Orth, "Be it resolved bythe Senate and IIouse of Represent
Paine, Ritter. Rogers, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sitfrom New York, [Mr. CHANLER?] atives, dc., That the President of the United States
greaves, Spalding, Strouse, Taber, Upson, Van AcrMr. SCHENCK. The gentleman can speak
be requested to suspend any order mustoring out the nam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Elihu B. Wash
officers of the Veteran Reserve corps, until Congress burne, IIenry D. Washburn, William B. Washburn, some other time. I have always received shall have time to consider the subject, and take Wentirorth, and Wright-59. severe irony from that quarter, for proof of some legislative action as to the future disposition NAYS–Messrs. Baxter, Beaman, Benjamin, Bing
to be made of that corps.' which I refer to the files of the Globe, and the
ham, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Doming, Driggs, reports of the debates therein contained. It That resolution being sent to the Senate,
Eckley, Eggleston, Gartield, lale, llayes, Hogan,
Holmes, Chester D. Ilubbard, Ingersoll, Jenckes, is my misfortune to be so situated on both was referred to the Committee on Military Kelley, Ketcham, Kuykendall, George V. Lawrence, sides.
Affairs of that body, and it has there slept ever Longyear, Lynch, McClurg, Miller, Price, William I indicated my opinion that the course of since. There is no resolution on that subject
II. Randall, Raymond, John H. Rice, Rollins, Rousthis debate had developed hostility to this Vet
seau, Schenck, Stevens, Taylor, Thayer, Trowbridge, now on the statute-book. Hence the Military Robert T. Van Horn, Welker, Whaley, Windom, and eran Reserve corps upon the part of the gen- Department is left at liberty to take such ac- Woodbridge-13. tleman from New York on my right, [Mr. tion as in the exercise of its discretion and
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, Anderson, Delos R.
Ashley, James M. Ashley, Banks, Barker, Bergen, Conkling.) I do not think I am mistaken in military authority may be thought necessary Blaine, Blow, Bromwell, Reader W. Clarke, Cobb, that assertion; I do not think anybody in this or proper with regard to the mustering out of Cotiroth. Cook, Cullom, Culver, Darling, Dawes, DawHouse will differ with me. Nor do I think the officers and men of this corps.
son, Defrees, Delano, Denison, Dixon, Donnelly, Du
mont, Eliot, Grinnell, Griswold, Harris, Ilart, Henthere is any question about the fact that when But, sir, what I object to—and this is the derson, Higby, Hill, Ilotchkiss, Demas llúbbard, John defeated in one mode of assault he resorts to whole of my objection--is the impropriety of II. IIubbard, James R. Hubbell, James llumphrey, another. inserting in a grave legislative act an instruc
James M. Huhmprey, Johnson, Jones, Kasson, Kerr,
Latlin, Latham, William Lawrence, Le Bond, MarBut I do not put my reply to his proposition tion to the executive department to deal in a shall, Marston, McCullough, McIndoc, Mekce, Morupon any ground of that kind, or upon any such particular way with a particular branch of the rill, Moulton, Newell, Niblack, Noell, Patterson, Perground merely. I said before, as I say again, public service, when nothing of that kind has
ham, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Radford, Sam
nel J. Randall, Alexander H. Ricc, Ross, Sawyer, Scothat to introduce a provision of this kind into ever heretofore been done, or has been thought field, Sloan, Smith, Starr, Stilwell, Francis Thomas, a law, calling upon the executive authority, proper to be done, in reference to any other John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trimble, Williams, James upon the War Department, to exercise this class of men or officers employed in the mili
F. Wilson, Stephen'F. Wilson, and Winfield-81. power of mustering out in reference to one tary service.
So the amendment was agreed to. particular class of officers or of men, is an Now, sir, there are in the military service men During the vote, unusual course, is an unprecedented course of who might, perhaps, be mustered out. There Mr. VAN HORN, of New York, stated that proceeding. In this as in all other cases, are officers whom we once sought to have mus- his colleague, Mr. LAFLIN, was absent on acwhere men or officers are to be mustered out tered out, when it was admitted that some of count of sickness. of or retained in service, whatever requests them had been for a year or more entirely un. The vote was then announced as above might be attempted to be made by resolution employed, and were likely to remain so. But recorded. or otherwise, it is hardly necessary to put in even in that action of ours, the Senate of the Mr. CONKLING moved to reconsider the a solemn legislative enactment any instruction United States refused its concurrence. There vote by which the amendment was adopted ; to the Executive upon that subject.
has never been any action upon the part of and also moved that the motion to reconsider Now, this House is not bound, any more than the legislative power instructing, informing, | be laid upon the table. is the Executive, by any resolution that may or directing the Military Department upon
The latter motion was agreed to. have been passed upon this subject. In fact, such a subject as this. That, at least, is my Mr. DAVIS. I move to add the following: no resolution of the kind has ever been passed. present recollection, and I think no one is
And it shall be lawful to appoint and commission Gentlemen are mistaken upon that point, and able to contradict it.
as oflicers in any of the organizations authorized by I will correct them, so far as that is concerned. I object, therefore, to any such invidious this act any persons who have been distinguished for The history of that resolution, offered at a distinction, any such odious discrimination,
gallant and meritorious service in the Ariny of the
United States during the late rebellion, and have very early day in the present session of Con- being made against any class of officers or been wounded or partially disabled therein while in gress, is simply this : there had been a propo- men, whether wounded or not wounded, the line of their duty: Provideu, The disability arising sition inade and urged by some persons not
therefrom shall be such only, as if incurred in tho. whether belonging to the regular Army or to
regular service under officers' commissions would particularly friendly to this Veteran Reserve one of the volunteer branches of the Army, not incapacitate them from duty therein.
Mr. Speaker, I offer that amendment because around me on this side of the House in oppo- Also, the petition of Elliot E. Kellogg, and 43 othI believe it to be entirely just; and in submit- sition to my yielding to him, and I acceded ers, citizens of Windham county, Vermont, praying
for an increased tariff on wool. ting it, I wish to repel the insinuation made reluctantly to that expressed opposition, believ- By MK BCHENCK: The petition of John Hatfield against me upon this floor yesterday that I was ing that the House would, after the adoption for relict. willing to do injustice to any branch of our of the previous question, allow him to be heard. By Mr. UPSON: The petition of J. B. Tompkins,
and 19 others, citizens of Girard, Branch county, Army or to any soldiers who have been in the I regret that the courtesy due to him as my col
Michigan, praying Congress to increase the duties field. I believe the provisions of this bill do | league on the committee was not then extended on forei in wool. injustice to thousands and tens of thousands to him. I did at the time what I thought was
By Mr.IXILLIAMS: The petition of wool-growers who exposed themselves gallantly in defense just, and if I did him any injustice I regret it.
of Butler county, Pennsylvania, asking for an increase
of duty on foreign wools. of the flag of the country. They are restrict- It was not intentional on my part. I beg to By Mr. WILSON, of Pennsylvania: The petition ive. My desire is to open the way to all of the assure the House that my relations with that of Joseph B. Roper, for compensation for damages
done him and his property by Indians. soldiers who have been disabled, provided they gentleman have been of the most cordial char- Also, the petition of Edmund Blanchard, executor are fit for this duty.
acter, and that I esteem him very highly, and of the last will and testament of Captain Evan M. It was charged yesterday by the honorable | should regret to be a party to any act of injus
Buchanan, deceased, for the passage of a law releas
ing the estate of said Buchanan from the payment of gentleman from Illinois that I had slandered | tice or want of courtesy toward him.
the sum of $436 89, due the United States from bim as the Veteran Reserve corps. I deny it. I said I hope this explanation will be satisfactory commissary of subsistence, third division, sixth Army they were disabled; does he deny it?
Is it a
By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: The petition of Prosper slander upon a soldier of the Army who bore make no objection, to his reappointment by the Elithorp, and 55 others, citizens of Bridgeport. Verthe flag of his country over a defying fortress Speaker upon that committee.
mont; and also the petition of George Hammond, and to say that he was wounded in the body or lost Mr. SHANKLIN. The explanation of the
36 others, citizens of Addison county, Vermont,praying a limb or an eye in the service? I honor the gentleman covers, I suppose, the whole ground for an increased duty on foreign wool. gallantry and service of that soldier, but I do in relation to myself, and is entirely satisfacnot slander him when I say that he has been tory. I accept the explanation and apology.
IN SENATE. disabled. The SPEAKER. The Chair reappoints the
THURSDAY, April 19, 1866. By this amendment I do not wish to give to gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. SHANKLIN) on Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. the officers of the Veteran Reserve corps alone the Committee for the District of Columbia. The Journal of yesterday was read and the benefit of these provisions, but I wish to And then, on motion of Mr. WASHBURNE, || approved. give it to all who have been in the service, of Illinois, (at four o'clock and five minutes
PERSONAL EXPLANATION, whether officers or privates. p. m.,) the House adjourned.
Mr. MCDOUGALL. A few days since I The loss of a finger or of an eye disables a man under the present law so that he cannot
presented some remarks to the Senate of a be retained in the Army service unless he hap
personal character. It was and is the opinpens to be in the regular Army. In the rega
The following petitions, &c., were presented under ion of my most trusted and nearest friends
the rule and referred to the appropriate committees : lar Army a man thus wounded is not disquali
that the remarks of which I speak were not
By the SPEAKER: The petition of Thomas J. fied to serve, but still retains his rank. I ask, Powell, praying for relief.
justified by the then present occasion, were in God's name, why should not a man who
By Mr. AMES: The petition of South Scituate Sav- in violation of the true rule of decorum, and
ings Bank, for repeal of the internal revenue tax on suffers only equal disability in the volunteer
were also offensive to this body. Under the savings institutions. service be entitled to the same benefits and By Mr.
DAVIS: The memorial of B. F. Rexford,
influence of such counsels and with careful advantage.
James S. Leach, and others, attorneys of the Federal thought it has become my conviction that the
courts in the Stato of New York, remonstrating I offer this amendment, and I deny that any against the passage of the bill now pending in the
judgment of those to whom I have referred word that I have uttered on this floor can be Senate for the reorganization of the Federal courts.
was and is correct. I have always thought that tortured into anything like discourtesy to the
By Mr. DELANO: The petition of George W. Penny, it was nobler to confess an unpremeditated
and 1,200 others, citizens and wool-growers of Licking disabled soldiers.
wrong than even to maintain the right. With county, Ohio, praying an increased duty on foreign Mr. SCHENCK. I now demand the pre- wool, and the protection of wool-growers equal to
this conviction I have risen to acknowledge vious question on the section and amendment. that of manufacturers of this country.
the wrong, to express my profound regret, and
By Mr. DODGE: The memorial of Richardson, The previous question was seconded and
to ask the pardon of this body. I do this with Boynton & Co., and J. L. Mott & Co., and others, the main question ordered. relative to the inanufacture of stoves.
more than mere satisfaction. Mr. CHANLER. I demand the yeas and
Also, the memorial of George W. Blunt, Moses H. It is further due to myself, as also to the Sen
Grinnell, and others, urging that an appropriation nays on the amendment.
ator, my colleague, that I should request his be made for the payment of the officers and crew of Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move
the Kearsarge for the
destruction of the Alabama. pardon; this I now do. I had at the moment that the House do now adjourn.
Also, the inemorial.of manufacturers of flax and forgotten the old rule, a conclusion stated in
lemp, praying an increased duty on imported articles The SPEAKER. Will the gentleman with
a supposed Socratic discussion, Ad Tusculum, made from hemp. draw that motion for a moment?
By Mr. FARNSWORTH: The petition of J. W. Avoid the perturbations." I violated the inMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I will.
Shaunan, M. M. B. Boyce, and others, citizens of junction, “Let not the sun go down upon your
wrath.) With the morning, when the morn ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED.
Also, the petition of citizens of Kane county, Illinois, in favor of increasing tariff upon wool.
stood "tiptoe on the misty mountain-tops,' Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee By Mr. HARDING, of Illinois: The petition of there came penitence. on Enrolled Bills, reported that they had ex- citizens of Coatesburg, Illinois, to exempt from taxa- These short remarks are designed to be penamined and found truly enrolled a bill and joint
tion alcohol used in medical preparations.
itential. resolution of the following titles; when the Johnson, and others, citizens of Oneida county, New
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
York, against the passage of the bill reorganizing the
Mr. LANE, of Indiana, presented the
memorial of Mary K. Smith, praying for an tions from citizens of Beaver county, Pennsylvania, A joint resolution (H. R. No. 102) for the for an increase of duty on foreign wools.
increase of pension ; which was referred to the relief of Alexander Thompson, late United
By Mr. LONGYEAR: The petition of Henry C.
Committee on Pensions.
Mr. SHERMAN presented a petition of cit-
izens of Ohio, praying for such an increase of
the duties on imports as will afford ample proMr. INGERSOLL. I desire to make a per- Oil Company, John F. Lewis & Brothers, and others, tection to American labor; which was referred sonal explanation in regard to the action of the manufacturers of linseed oil in the cities of New York
to the Committee on Finance.
linseed oil to thirty cents per gallon, and for the re- Mr. MORGAN presented the petition of appropriating $25,000 for the benefit of the poor moval of the discrimination of ten percent. on linseed Catharine F. Winslow, mother of Cleveland of the District of Columbia. I apprehend that
Also, the petition of citizens of the State of Dela- Winslow, deceased, late lieutenant colonel the House did injustice to my colleague upon warc, asking that the salary of Ephraim L. Locker- fifth New York Veteran volunteers, praying to the Committee for the District of Columbia, man, keeper of the light house at Reedy Island, in be allowed a pension; which was referred to [Mr. SHANKLIN.] It was the understanding Delaware bay, now.but $400, may be increased.
the Committee on Pensions. between himself and myself that when that res- sylvania, praying that the Constitution of the United Mr. RAMSEY presented a petition of citolution came up for action in the House he States be amended so that the President and Vice izens of Minnesota, representing that the tax should be heard in opposition to its passage. It
President may be chosen by the qualified voters
of six per cent. ad valorem which is imposed is but justice to him to state that he was opposed leges, and that the voting for these ottices be confined upon the gross amount of sales arising from to it, and desired to make some remarks in to citizens who can read.
the class of stoves composed of cast and sheet opposition to its passage, and as a member of
Also, a petition from citizens of the counties of
iron respectively, in addition to the tax and the committee, and its chairman, I had given vania, praying Congress to impose such conditions duty previously paid on the component parts my assent, and supposed that the House would upon rebel States as shall punish treason and reward of the same, amounting to ten and three fourths extend to him that courtesy.
loyalty with confidence and honor.
per cent. on the gross amount of sales, is a When I called the resolution up the gentle- and 24 others, citizens of Ludlow, Vermont, praying
rate which far exceeds that laid upon any other man rose and asked to be heard. I stated to for the establishment of a national Bureau of Insur- article of iron manufacture, and praying that the House that I hoped he might be heard, and
Also, the petition of II. A. White, and others, citi
this special tax upon the class of stoves comI desired to yield to him before the previous zens of Washington, Orange county, Vermont, pray- posed of cast and sheet iron, shall be imposed question should be ordered so that he might | ing for an increased tariff on wool.
upon the increased valne only; which was express his views in opposition to the resolu
Also, the petition of S. M. Dikeman, and others, citizens of Rutland county, Vermont, praying for an
referred to the Committee on Finance. tion. There were several voices heard all increased duty on wool.
He also presented the petition of D. A. Dan
, Grove & Brother, Fedition of Campbell &