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the committee of the House did not concur, drop out of the service. The office will be that committee, and suppose that no one unbut introduced a provision cutting it down to abolished; there will be no such rank in the derstood me as intending any. ten, which it seems to me is entirely inadequate. Adjutant General's department, and hence Mr. SCHENCK. If the gentleman had no
One word further. I want to ask the gentle. they will be dropped from the rolls of the Army || such intention, then my remarks are not in the man from Pennsylvania [Mr. THAYER] if he without any charges being made against them; l slightest degree applicable to him. I misunderwill accept an amendment by me as a substi and when everybody knows that they have per stood him, perhaps, in supposing that he did tute for his. The number of officers of high formed their duties well and faithfully. impute to the cominittee a design thus indirank in all the departments, Quartermaster Now, I am quite sure, that the chairman of the || rectly to get men out of office. General's, Ordnance, Subsistence, and every: Committee on Military Affairs [Mr. SCHEXCK] But we have been charged more than once where else, has been very much more increased cannot entertain the same view of the opera in the course of the debate on former days, than in the Adjutant General's department. tion of this section which I de; for he is a just | if not to-day, with being exceedingly cunning In almost every instance an adjutant general, man; and I am sure he does not desire to do and sinister in our designs. If we have not either brigadier or major general, is the chief injustice to these men who are valuable to the || been so charged, then my remarks fall to the of staff. An adjutant general on a staff, where Government in the positions which they occupy.
ground. If we have been so charged, then there is no chief of staff by that name, bas as Now, I do say-and I beg the members of that is the only reply I have to make. much employment as a chief of staff. And the House to listen to me a moment that if Now, in reference to this particular matter, if there should be a difference in rank it cer this bill passes in its present shape these sev I am not certain but what in point of law the tainly should be in favor of rather than against enteen men will, by virtue of its provisions, as gentleman is right, and that this provision as the adjutant generals. I think, therefore, that a matter of law, be absolutely and forever, it now stands would vacate some of these comwithout increasing the number of officers in inless they should be reappointed, dropped | missions. And when my attention was called to this department there should be a change in from the rolls of the Army. Who asks that it, after we had adopted this different nomentheir grades and rank, and I propose, if the that shall be done? Who would favor such a clature for these officers, under the circumgentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. THAYER] / great injustice? Why, sir, even a reappoint stances stated by the gentleman from Maine, will accept the amendment, that the section ment would not reinstate them, because their | [Mr. Blaine,] I myself prepared an amendshall be made to read as follows:
commissions would be dated at the time of ment to obviate any such difficulty, and to preThat the Adjutant General's department shall || their reappointment, and that would make a vent any such conclusions against these officers. hereafter consist of the same number of officers now great difference in their pay, their positions, My amendment was written specially with refauthorized by law, and their rank shall be as follows, their rank, and in every way. namely, one adjutant general, with the rank, pay,
erence to the Adjutant General's department, and emoluments of a brigadier general; four assist I hope the amendment of the gentleman as I promised it should be, because my converant adjutant generals, with the rank, pay, and emol from Maine, (Mr. Blaine,) which has been sation was with one connected with that deuments of colonels of cavalry; fivenssistant adjutant accepted by the gentleman from
Pennsylvania, partment, who spoke of this as the probable lieutenant colonels; and ten assistant adjutant gen [Mr. Thayer,] will prevail, because I think it || effect of this provision. And I intended, erels, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of majors. is just.
should the House agree with the committee in All that that does is to change the rank of Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, perhaps it simplifying these titles (otherwise it would be three majors to that of two colonels and one is not to be wondered at that a bill relating to unnecessary) to move a similar amendment in lieutenant colonel, and that will give an oppor the organization of the Army, and therefore reference to any other department in which the tunity for such meritorious officers as Major || looking to war, should stir up this House as titles have been changed. I will read the amendVincent and others, who have done very valu this bill seems to do. Gentleinen 'seem inca ment which I have prepared to come in at the able duty during the war, to have some chance pable of speaking upon almost any question || end of this section as a proviso: of promotion. It does not increase the num connected with the bill without showing a bel Provided, That nothing in this section shall beconber of officers; it only changes the grade of ligerent state of feeling, at least toward the strued to vacate the commission of any officer now
commissioned as assistant adjutant general, but only three of the officers in the department. I hope | committee which has had the honor, in the dis
to cbange the title to adjutant, leaving the same oliithe gentleman will accept this as a substitute charge of their duties to this House, of report cer in the same position he held when bearing the for what he has himself offered.
ing this bill. The bill was framed according || former title. Mr. THAYER. I will accept the amend to the best of their ability; a great deal of care Now, I repeat, this change of title is a matment if the gentleman will strike out the words and pains was bestowed upon every part of it, || ter of taste and propriety, more than anything "number of;" so that it will read :
however unfortunate they may have been in and therefore, if the House should disThat the Adjutant General's department of the satisfying the expectations of gentlemen all agree with the committee, I shall not feel disArmy shall hereafter consist of the officers now around the House.
posed to complain. My colleague on the com authorized by law, &c.
Now, all I have further to say on that general | mittee has stated how this change originatedMr. BLAINE. Very well ; I will do that. point of the course taken by the committee, that the Quartermaster General himself, in the I mean no trick about this matter.
shall be this; and I say it now once for all: course of a discussion of all the various matters Mr. THAYER. I did not suspect the gen when gentlemen on either side of the House | pertaining to his department, adverted to the tleman of that, and I now accept his amend shall see proper to intimate or say that the lumbering titles which attach to the officers of ment, as modified, in lieu of my own.
Committee on Military Affairs has been cun that department as well as other bureaus or Mr. WOODBRIDGE. Mr. Speaker, we are ning, has had sinister purposes, has designed staff departments. Any gentleman who contold by members of the Committee on Military indirectly to make war upon somebody, I do siders for a moment what those titles are can Affairs that this change in the name and rank
not think their impeachment is worthy of being satisfy himself whether the complaint of the of the officers in the Adjutant General's de answered. It is unworthy in them to make Quartermaster General is well founded. partment came to them on the recommendation any such imputation, and it is unworthy in us We have a large number of officers-these of the Quartermaster General. Now, if it came to reply to it. When gentlemen suspect cun seventeen who have been spoken of-who are from the Quartermaster General, as I have no ning and sinister motives in others, I am my. called assistant adjutant generals. They are doubt it did, from the gentleman's statement,
self naturally inclined, although not generally connected with the Adjutant General's departhe has certainly been guilty of great weakness, suspicious, to suspect that it must be because
We thought it would simplify the mator else, certainly; of doing great injustice to they derive their conclusions from some con ter to provide that, in this great department, his corps. And if the provisions of this bill sciousness within themselves that they would where the adjutancy of the Army is concenare adhered to, when the time comes, I shall
have been so influenced had they had the same trated, the subordinate officers should be called move that the rank of quartermaster general, duty to perform.
“adjutants" simply, while we provide for two which General Meigs has very well for his own Mr. THAYER. Does the gentleman from assistants of the Adjutant General, who retain purposes kept in the bill, shall be reduced to Ohio, in his last remark, refer to anything that the title of assistant adjutant general. that of chief quartermaster. If we are to have I have said?
So also, in the quartermaster's department, nothing but quartermasters, then the man at Mr. SCHENCK. So far as the gentleman we thought that, instead of having a large numthe head of the department should be chief said we meant any covert attack upon these ber of officers signing themselves “Deputy quartermaster. But I am sure the House do officers, I do refer to him.
Quartermaster General” and Assistant Quarnot want to do injustice, and that when they Mr. THAYER. I said nothing of the kind. termaster General,” it would simplify the matsee what the operation of this bill will be, in Mr. SCHENCK. I so understood the gen- || ter to have a Quartermaster General, with two or law, they will not sustain it.
tleman. If the tenor of his remarks was not three assistant quartermaster generals, to take Here we have seventeen officers in the Ad to that effect, then what I have said has no his place in his absence or upon an emergency; jutant General's department who have passed application to him.
and to call the rest simply “quartermasters, the best part of their lives there, and nobody İsr. THAYER. I certainly intended to make some to rank as lieutenant colonels, some as has ever found fault with the way in which they no reflection upon the committee in anything | majors, and some as captains. have discharged the duties of their important that I said. I simply argued that the result The system of having these numerous officers offices. They have been there during the bet of the section which they report in their bill with these cumbrous titles sometimes leads to ter portion of their lives. There is no accusa was to commit an act of the most gross injus- confusion. I recollect an instance that oction against them; no charge. They were tice, But I trust that no one supposed for a curred a good many years ago when the title of commissioned as what? As assistant adju moment that I intended to charge the Commit- - Deputy Quartermaster General"! had perhaps tant generals; and if this bill passes those tee on Military Affairs with a deliberate design | been recently adopted in the Army. A rather men will, in spite of their services in that de to do injustice. Of conrse every one under fancy gentleman who held that position, but partment and in the Army, under their com- stands that they fell into this error inadver whose occupation before he went into the Army missions as adjutant generals, by the law tently. I intended to cast no imputation upon || had been very different, was fond of attaching to
his name upon every hotel register the letters, ment we have made a like provision in regard chaplains in the United States Army; which “D. Q. M. G,'' after which, on one occasion, to them. We do not believe that men educated was laid on the table, and ordered to be printed. a mischievous fellow following him wrote as for four years at West Point, at the Governthe explanation or translation, Damned quick
EQUALIZATION OF BOUNTIES. ment expense, should be selected for the purmade general!" (Laughter.]
pose of inspecting crackers and buying beef
Mr. MILLER also presented a joint resoluNow, if I can avoid it, I want no more of This is the general effect of the kind of legis
tion of the Legislature of Pennsyivania, in rethese D. Q. M. G.'s,"? "A. Q. M. G.'s," " "A. lation this committee propose, and it is for the
lation to the eqnalization of bounties; which Q. M.'s," and "A. A. G.'s.:) Now when we House to say whether they will sustain us in was laid upon the table, and ordered to be have an opportunity, upon a general reorgani- || that line of legislation or not. I do not believe | printed. zation of the Army, I think it would be better, the Adjutant General's department should be
And then, on motion of Mr. CONKLING, without legislating anybody out or anybody in, increased.
(at four o'clock and thirty minutes p. m.,) the (for this bill is made with reference to the The SPEAKER. The gentleman's time has
House adjourned. Army establishment, and not to persons, how. || expired. ever gentlemen may mistake it in that respect,)
PETITIONS, ETC. to simplify names as well as other things, so
Mr. PRICE, by unanimous consent, from the far as we can, taking care that in doing so no
The following petitions, &c., were presented under Committee on the Pacific Railroad, reported
the rule and referred to the appropriate committees: injustice shall be done. If this idea should back Senate bill No. 125, granting aid in the
By the SPEAKER: The petition of Messrs. 03prevail, gentlemen will find me ready to meet
born, Niles, Teegarden. Seymour, Hannah, Frederthem more than half way in the effort to pro
construction of a railroad and telegraph line idison, and many others, business men of Laporte, In
from the town of Folsom to the town of Pla diana, asking legislation in regard to inter-State, vide against any such consequences as they cerville, in the State of California, and moved
insurance regulations. apprehend.
By Mr. BAXTER: The petition of Henry Thorp, Now, sir, one word more before I close. I that it be printed and recommitted.
and 52 others, of Charlotte, Vermont, asking addiThe motion was agreed to.
tional duties he assessed on foreign wool. am not surprised at the warmth which is manifested whenever a finger is laid upon one of
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to
By Mr. BEAJIAN: The petition of R. B. Robbing,
and 321 others, citizens of Adrian, Michigan, and these bureaus or stafi departments. It is a committed ; and also moved that the motion reconsider the vote by which the bill was re vicinity, praying for an equalization of bounties to
volunteers. difficulty which we have encountered whenever there has been any attempt at legislation upon to reconsider be laid upon the table.
By Mr. BINGHAM: The petitions of Charles J.
Tax, William Moore, John Martin, J. S. Potts, The latter motion was agreed to.
George Wirtz, and 730 others, citizens of Harrison the subject of the Army, and which is every
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA BUSINESS.
county, Ohio, asking eficient protection to Ameriday increasing, that while our legislation is
can wool. generally satisfactory to the line oflicers, the Mr. INGERSOLL, by unanimous consent,
By Mr. CONKLING: The petition of S. A. Bunce, men in the field, the men at the front, the men introduced the following bills; which were sev
and others, as to inter-Stato insurance.
Also, the petition of citizens of Cayuga county, who do the hard work out-of-doors, we are erally read a first and second time, ordered to New York, asking that lumber be relieved from duty. surrounded by gentlemen just as good, just as be printed, and referred to the Committee for By Mr. DONNELLY: A petition from citizens of industrious, just as laborious, who, however, the District of Columbia:
St. Paul, Minnesota, in favor of just and equal laws
for the regulation of inter-State insurances. being situated here at the center, are ready to
A bill to anthorize a special tax for the pur Also, a petition from citizens of Bloomington, Minwatch our proceedings, and unless we take care pose of improving the Washington city canal ; nesota, in favor of an increase of the tariff 1pon vool. to refrain from doing anything which shall interand
Also, a remonstrance of citizens of Hastings, Min
nesota, against the obstruction of the free navigation fere in any way with their prerogatives or their A bill to incorporate the Washington Canal of the Mississippi river by the construction of a convenience or their comfort, we have the whole | Company in the District of Columbia, and for bridge at Clinton). of them using their influence against us. other purposes,
By Mr. DRIGGS: The petition of Dr. Duffield. IIon.
H. P. Baldwin, and 60 others, citizens of Detroit, MichAnd these gentlemen exercise very deserv Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to igun, for such a liberal extension of a railroad land edly a great deal of influence. reconsider the vote by which the bills were
grant to the State of Michigan as will secure the com
pletion of a road to connect with Lake Superior. stationed in and about this city in the various referred ; and also moved that the motion to
By Mr. EGGLESTON: The petition of Nancy MaDepartments and bureaus, some hundreds of reconsider be laid upon the table.
son, Sally Drake, and Maxfield Huston, as licirs of officers, each one of whom has his official, his The latter motion was agreed to.
Colonel William Crawford, praying for relief from
Government in consequence of services rendered by personal, his social, his moral influence, which
Colonel Crawlord against the Wyandotte tribe of Inwe all feel. I know a vast number of them,
dians in 1782.
Mr. HOLMES, by unanimous consent, moved having, perhaps, as large a circle of acquaint
By Mr. ELDRIDGE: The petition of 100 citizens that House bill No. 455, to aid in the construc of Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, for an increase of ance (and very pleasant acquaintance) among tion of a railroad and telegraph line from Great
ten cents per pound and ten per cent. ad vuloren on them as almost anybody else. But I declare
wool imported into the United States, here now that this sort of social and official Salt Lake City to the Colorado river, and to
By Mr. GARFIELD: The petition of 1,472 citizens and personal influence shall not, if I can help the use of the same for postal, military, and other secure to the Government of the United States of Trumbull county, Ohio, asking for increased pro
tection of American wool. it, infuence me in reference to the legislation purposes, be ordered to be printed.
Also, the petition of L. M. Kirk, and 74 others, citiwhich I may deem best for the general inter
zens of'Smith township, dahoning county, Ohio, prayThe motion was agreed to.
ing for increased protection on American wool. ests of the whole country.
By Mr. GRIDER: The petition of citizens of MetIn regard to these bureaus, let me say, for
call county, Kentucky, in behalf of David Phillpot. mer legislation has tended to attract men to On motion of Mr. MORRILL, Senate bill
By Mr. LONGYEAR: The remonstrance of John
Thompson, and 71 others, citizens of Jackson, MichiWashington. I prefer the tendency of this No. 255, to remit and refund certain duties
gan, against an extension of the Amboy, Lansing, bill and such other measures of reform as the was taken from the Speaker's table, ordered and Traverse Bay railroad land grant to the company
of that name. Committee on Military Affairs desire to pro to be printed, and referred to the Committee
By Mr. MORRIS: Theremonstrance of Ilon. James pose, which will have rather a centrifugal than of Ways and Means.
C. Smith, and other eminent lawyers of Ontario a centripetal influence upon these gentlemen. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to county, New York, against the passage of the bill to I admit they must many of them be here, and reconsider the vote by which the bill was re
reorganize the Federal judiciary now before the
Ilouse of Representatives. are highly useful in being here, but at the same ferred; and also moved that the motion to
Also, two petitions numerously signed by wooltime I say a great many of them under this reconsider be laid upon the table.
growers of Ontario county, New York, asking for an influence, or by our legislation which has stolen The latter motion was agreed to.
increase of duty on imported wool.
Also, concurrent resolution of the Legislature of upon us, degree by degree, are here occupy.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE GRANTED.
the State of New York, requesting the Senators and ing places in these bureaus, not exactly the
Representatives in Congress from the State of Now On motion of Mr. WARD, leave of absence
York to propose and vote for a law for paying the place for soldiers. There are men here in this in these various bureaus who have been was granted for one week to Mr. ECKLEY. adjudicated claims of the militia who served in the
war of 1812. content to sit at their desk while the war was
WASHINGTON SEWER AND CANAL COMPANY. By Mr. PAINE: The petition of G. P. Hewitt & going on, engaged in copying records, indors On motion of Mr. WARD, Senate bill No.
Son, and 22 others, firms of Milwaukee, for moditica
tion of excise tax on stoves. ing papers, and other kindred occupations which 190, to incorporate the Washington Sewer and
Also, resolutions on the subject of reconstruction might as well have been done, and as well done, Canal Company, was taken from the Speaker's of late rebel States, adopted at a meeting of citizens perhaps, by intelligent clerks. I do not wish table, ordered to be printed, and referred to
of Rome, Wisconsin.
By Mr. PRICE: The petition of citizens of Davento continue that system of influence if I can the Committee for the District of Columbia.
port, Iowa, asking for the enactinent of just and help it. I wish to reduce the number of per
CONDITION OF THE SOUTII.
equal laws for the regulation of inter-State insur
ances of all kinds. sons employed as officers as low as possible.
Mr. DELANO. I ask the unanimous con By Mr. RICE, of Maine: The petition of Adams I wish men educated at West Point, and well sent of the House to offer the following reso.
H. Merrill, and others, of Mainc, asking repeal of educated in all that relates to military knowl
law exacting internal tax on roofing-slates. tion :
By Mr. SCOFIELD: Joint resolutions of the Legisedge, shall not, because they have been edu
Resolved, That the President of the United States lature of Pennsylvania, in favor of equalizing bouucated at our expense and after a term of four
be requested to furnish the House of Representa ties to soldiers. years' service there, good engineers, good gun tives with any additional reports or information ho Also, a joint resolution in favor of increasing the
may have received relative to the condition of the number of Army post chaplains. pers, full of the knowledge of military tactics,
southern people and the States lately in rebellion, By Mr. WASIIBURY. of Massachusetts: The petibe employed simply as clerks.
tion of Luke Lyman, and 86 others, citizens of the There will be other features in this bill to
Mr. STEVENS. I object,
Connecticut valley, in Mags: chusetts, dealers and which this same objection will be made, and I
PAY OF POST CHAPLAINS.
growers of tobacco and manufacturers of cigarz, ask
ing that the duties on cigars be changed irom the have thought it proper to say this much in Mr. MILLER, by unanimous consent, pre
present graduated scalo to one of uniform rate; and advance. It will be found when we come to
that tbat rate be fixed at not less than three dollars sented a joint resolution of the Legislature of
per pound and fifty per cent, ad valorem. the subsistence department and the pay depart Pennsylvania, in relation to the pay of post Also, the petition of S. G. Hubbard, and 33 others.
39TH CONG. IST SESS.-No. 129.
MESSAGE FROM THE IIOUSE.
citizens of IIatfield, Massachusetts, for same pur
mates with the bill which I should like to have Committee of the Whole, proceeded to conpose. printed. I make that motion.
sider the joint resolution, which proposes to Also, the petition of John T. Fitch, and 25 others,
The motion was agreed to.
extend the time for the construction of the . citizens of Hatfield, Massachusetts, for same purpose.
Mr. WILSON. I am also directed by the
first twenty miles of the Western Pacific railBy Mr. WINDOM: The petition of C. R. Hughson, and 51 others, citizens of Minnesota, asking an incommittee on Military Affairs and the Militia
road to the 1st day of November, 1867. creased duty on wool. to report back the joint resolution (H. R. No.
The first amendment of the committee was By Mr. WRIGHT: The petition of W. A. Brintz107) for the relief of Rev. Harrison Heermance,
to strike ont “November”' and insert - Januinghoffer, and others, dealers in leaf tobacco and manufacturers of cigars, for increase of duties upon
late chaplain of one hundred and twenty-eighth | ary:"
The amendment was agreed to.
of the resolution the following:
cepted by said company, and notice of such accept
ance to be givon by them to the Secretary of tho Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY.
the House of Representatives. I should like Interior, that the lands known as the lands of the The Journal of yesterday was read and to have the resolution put on its passage now. ex-mission of San José, as included in the map and approved. I think it is right.
survey thereof inade October, 1801, by E. II. Dyer,
deputy United States surveyor, shall not be included
Pacific Railroad Company.
The amendment was agreed to. of land aid in the construction of so much
Mr. CLARK. I ask that it may be read at The joint resolution was reported to the of the Winnebago and Superior railroad as
large, so that we may see what it provides for, || Senate as amended, and the amendments extends from Doty's Island to Stevens Point; before unanimous consent is given.
were concurred in. which was referred to the Committee on Public
Mr. HOWARD. I hope we shall be allowed The joint resolution was ordered to be enLands, and ordered to be printed.
to get through with the reports of committees. grossed for a third reading, was read the third Mr. MORGAN. I present the petition of
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection | time, and passed. George F. Sherman, and eighteen others,
being made, the joint resolution lies over under
the rule. weighers of the customs in the port and district of New York, soliciting an increase of com
Mr. ANTHONY, from the Committee on A message from the House of Representapensation from $1,485, the sum they now re
Claims, to whom was referred the petition of tives, by Mr. Lloyd, its Chief Clerk, announced ceive, to $2,500 per annum, setting forth the William Cook, praying for compensation for
that the House of Representatives had passed reasons which, in their opinion, sustain the
the use by the Government of a lot of land the following bills, in which it requested the fairness and justice of their request. I move owned by him in the city of Washington, being
concurrence of the Senate: that it be referred to the Committee on Finance. lot No. 42, in square No. 184, submitted a
A bill (H. R. No. 18+) to regulate the terms The motion was agreed to.
report accompanied by a bill (S. No. 277) for of the United States courts in the eastern disthe relief of William Cook. The bill was read
trict of New York, and for other purposes ; Mr. HENDERSON presented the petition | and passed to a second reading, and the report
and of Andrew Branstetter, praying that a pension was ordered to be printed.
A bill (H. R. No. 278) in amendment of the be granted him; which was referred to the
Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on Claims,
several acts relating to the organization of the Committee on Pensions. Mr. JOHNSON. Mr. President, I present | Crowell, captain and assistant quartermaster to whom was referred the petition of John H.
The message further announced that the the memorial of miners and smelters of copper
of volunteers, praying that the accounting ofli House of Representatives had agreed to the ores in two or three of the States. They state that they invested large amounts of money in
cers of the Treasury inay be authorized to allow amendment of the Senate to the amendment
him a credit of $250 in the settlement of his of the House to the bill (S. No. 89) to issue the erection and conducting of their copper mines and works at a time when copper ores
accounts, reported a bill (S. No. 278) for the American registers to the steam vessels Mich
relief of Captain John H. Crowell, assistant | igan and Despatch, with an amendment, in were free of duty, and they ask, therefore, that they should be relieved from the duty on cop
quartermaster in the United States Army ; which it requested the concurrence of the which was read and passed to a second reading.
Senate. per ores, and for a protective duty on ingot, Mr. HOWE, from the Committee on Claims,
ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. pig, cake, bar, or other copper of five cents per
to whom was referred a bill (H. R. No. 347) pound. They state the reasons for it as suc
The message further announced that the for the relief of R. L. B. Clarke, reported it | Speaker of the House of Representatives had cinctly as I could state them. I move its refer
without amendment. ence to the Committee on Finance.
signed the following enrolled joint resolutions; The motion was agreed to.
He also, from the same committee, to whom
which were thereupon signed by the President was referred a petition of loyal citizens of Lou
pro tempore of the Senate: Mr. DOOLITTLE presented a memorial of don county, Virginia, praying for compensation A joint resolution (H. R. No. 88) expressive the Legislature of Wisconsin in favor of a grant for property destroyed by fire, and for live stock
of the thanks of Congress to Major General of land to aid in the construction of so much taken for the use of the Army or sold for the Winfield S. Hancock; and of the Winnebago and Superior railroad as benefit of the United States by order of General A joint resolution (H. R. No. 108) appointextends from Doty's Island to Stevens Point; Sheridan, reported a bill (S. No. 279) for the || ing managers for the National Asylum for which was referred to the Committee on Public relief of loyal citizens of Loudon county, Vir Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. Lands, and ordered to be printed. ginia; which was read and passed to a second
RESCUE OF THE SAN FRANCISCO.
Mr. WILSON. I move to take up Senate Mr. NORTON, from the Committee on cific Railroad, to whom was referred a bill (S.
joint resolution No. 31. It will take but a few Claims, to whom was referred the petition of No. 225) to aid in the construction of a south
moments and it is rather important that it should Mrs. Margaret Kaetzel, praying for an appro
be acted on promptly. priation for the support of herself and family, telegraph, and to secure to the Government the ern branch of the Union Pacific railway and
The motion was agreed to; and the joint res. alleging that, by reason of the death of her husband, who was killed on the 5th day of April, use of the same for postal, military, and other
olution (S. R. No. 31) manifesting the sense purposes, have had the same under considera
of Congress toward the officers and seamen of 1865, by the premature discharge of a cannon tion, and have directed me to report it back,
the vessels, and others, engaged in the rescue which was being used in firing a salute by order and to ask that they be discharged from the
of the officers and soldiers of the Army, the of the Secretary of War in honor of the capture further consideration of it, on the ground that
passengers, and the officers and crew of the of Richmond, she has been deprived of her
the committee are of opinion that no further steamship San Francisco, from perishing with support, asked to be discharged from its furpecuniary obligations ought to be assuined by
the wreck of that vessel, was considered as in ther consideration, and that it be referred to the the Government to aid in the construction of
Committee of the Whole. Committee on Pensions; which was agreed to. branches of the Union Pacific railroad.
It will be a request to the President of the Mr. WILSON from the Committee on Mil
The report was agreed to.
United States to procure three valuable gold itary Affairs and the Militia, to whom was
medals, with suitable devices, one to be prereferred a bill (S. No. 268) to prevent and
WESTERN PACIFIC RAILROAD.
sented to Captain Creighton, of the ship Three punish the manufacture and use of false, forged, Mr. HOWARD. The Committee on the Pa Bells, of Glasgow; one to Captain Low, of the or counterfeited brands, stamps, dies, or sten cific Railroad, to whom was referred the joint bark Kilby, of Boston; and one to Captain cils, asked to be discharged from its further resolution (S. R. No. 61) to extend the time Stouffer, of the ship Antarctic, as testimonials consideration, and that it be referred to the for the construction of the first section of the of national gratitude for their gallant conduct Committee on the Judiciary; which was agreed | Western Pacific railroad, have had it under in rescuing about five hundred Americans from to.
consideration, and have directed me to report the wreck of the steamship San Francisco, Mr. WILSON, I am also directed by the it back to the Senate with amendments; and Mr. JOHNSON. I propose to amend the same committee, to whom was referred a joint | they ask that it may receive the present con
resolution by adding the following as an addiresolution (S. R. No. 67) to provide for the sideration of the Senate. It is a very short
tional section: erection of fire-proof buildings at the Schuylkill joint resolution, and I hope the Senate will And be it further resolved, Thata sum not exceeding arsenal, near Philadelphia, to report it without consent to act upon it at once.
$50,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any money in amendment. There are some letters and esti.
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the By unanimous consent, the Senate, as in the President to reward, in such manner as he may
deem most appropriate, the officers and crews of bated violence, and he remained within sight, The Senate, perhaps, may have forgotten, those vessels that aided in the rescue of the survivors of said wreck, and such other persons as distinguished
sailing round and round, (his fails having been even those who heard at the time of this valthemselves by offices of humanity and heroism on that all destroyed except one or two of the lighter uable service, the great enthusiasm which was, occasion, the reward to be proportionate to the na sails,) in the hopes of taking up any who might manifested throughout all the commercial cities ture of the efforts made and the merit of the services rendered so far as the same can be ascertained.
be washed overboard in the interim, before upon the arrival of the British vessel with a
he could take from the impending wreck any | portion of the passengers of the lost vessel in The resolution proposed by the Committee
one of the passengers or crew. During the New York. The others that were taken on on Military Affairs is one of two resolutions
whole of that time it was very doubtful which board by one of the other vessels that came to heretofore before the Senate and adopted by || would go down first, his own vessel or the San the rescue were safely carried to Liverpool, a very decided vote. The Military Committee, || Francisco; but he succeeded in keeping his and found their way back to this country. however, on this occasion, did not report the own afloat.
Captain Creighton, of the Three Bells, was second of the original resolutions. The origi He then launched two of his small boats, | fèied in New York. Every demonstration of Dal resolutions gave first a gold medal for the
and with those two boats he got off about two gratitude was shown him. The Senate of the services stated, and secondly, as reported by or three hundred, I think, from the San Fran United States, by a very large majority, deemthe committee of the Senate, $100,000; but cisco. Captain Watkins then informed him ing it due to him, and to the others who had the appropriation of $100,000 was amended in
that there were a great many sick, and there contributed in saving some seven or eight hun. the Senate by being reduced to $50,000. The
were women and children on board whom he || dred oflicers and men of the Army of the Unicircumstances which, in the judgment of the
was unwilling to trust in a small boat. Cap- ||ted States and their families, passed a resoluSenate at that time, rendered it due to the
tain Creighton had been afraid up to that time tion such as is now reported by the Committee reputation of the United States and to the aid
to launch his larger boat, but he determined on Military Affairs, with the other resolution which the parties whose names are mentioned
at all hazards to make the effort.
which I now propose by way of amendment. had contributed to save the lives of the sol- | launched, the sea running mountain high, all diers of the United States, may, perhaps, have
I suppose many Senators may now have expecting to go down on both vessels, when || freshly before them, when the subject is called escaped the recollection of the Senate. I will,
fortunately for himself, and for the United to their recollection, the enthusiastic joy with therefore, very briefly call to the attention of
States, and for all wlio were on board, he suc which the arrival of the Three Bells was rethe Senate now the facts as they were known ceeded in getting on board the San Francisco ceived at the port of New York, and the tidings to the Senate at that time and as they certainly every sonl, sick and well, man, woman, and that some three or four hundred of the rescued existed.
child. Captain Watkins was the last to leave of the ill-fated ship were on their way, perhaps The San Francisco, a steamer of the United his vessel ; and they had barely got to the in safety, to Europe. Captain Creighton was States, left the port of New York in the month Three Bells and another vessel that had hove | fêted all through New York by nearly all the of December 1853, with several hundred sol in sight in the mean time, and who aided in societies engaged commercially. Every posdiers on board. It was apprehended at that getting off a part of the crew, before the San sible honor was evinced toward him. The time that there might be ditliculty on the north Francisco went down. One of the vessels, || heart of the nation gushed with gratitude for western border; and the Government thought after the Three Bells had saved some one such services, and the passage in this body-it it advisable to have troops there. The offi hundred and seventy or two hundred, came to failing in the other House only for want of cers carried with them their families, and the their aid and with great humanity and daring | time-of a resolution such as is now reported number of officers and soldiers and the fami skill took some one hundred of the passengers. by the Military Committee, with the addition lies of the officers and the families of some They were on their way to Europe, and they which I propose now as an amendment, was of the soldiers constituted an aggregate of carried them to Europe.
hailed with grateful joy, as I well remember, about nine hundred souls on board. The San
The Three Bells sailed for New York. She || by the people of the United States. It was a Francisco had been out a few days when she
was a great many days in getting to New York. tribute due, not only for the humanity evinced encountered a terrific storm, and during six She was kept afloat by the untiring exertions || by the parties who were engaged in the rescue, days of that storm before any aid was received of the crew, for she was making water at the but for the daring gallantry they displayed, by her there were aboutone hundred and seventy rate of nine inches an hour. She was short || and the imminent risks they ran of losing their washed overboard. The storm continued with
of provisions, and she was obliged to put all own lives in an effort to save the lives of citi. terrific violence during the whole of that period. on board upon short allowance; and in order zens of the United States. While they were in that condition and expected to take care of those who were received on The whole nation's heart gushed with gratiall of them to be lost, almost every moment of board she was compelled to throw overboard tude for such distinguished services, and the time, one or two vessels hove in sight, but they the whole of her cargo that was under deck, passage of a resolution distributing $50,000, refused to assist, pleading their inability to it being impossible to accommodate the rescued as well as a gold medal, was hailed, as I reassist, believing that an attempt to render aid above deck, it being absolutely necessary to member, with unmingled joy throughout every would be fatal to themselves, when finally the il give them the protection which they would portion of the United States. steamer Three Bells, an English steamer com have by being under deck. He immediately At that time, Mr. President, it was a matter manded by Captain Creighton hove in sight. made for New York. He was six days in reach | comparatively unimportant to the captains of The American steamer, the San Francisco, was ing that port. When he did reach it, he had these three vessels, and particularly the capcommanded by Captain Watkins, known famil but a very small quantity of water; it would tain of the British vessel, vhether the gratitude iarly upon the Pacific, as the Senators from not have lasted another day; and he had been of the nation should be evinced in a pecuniary California will bear me out in saying, as Com compelled to place the passengers and crew way or not; but he was engaged in the Amer. modore Watkins, a Maryland man by birth, but upon an allowance, each, of two ounces of ican trade; he has always been an enthusiastic one who has been following the sea all his life, water, half a biscuit, and one ounce of bacon, admirer of the American character, and has and for the last fifteen or twenty years has been during the whole of the six days that he was felt, as I know, an earnest solicitude for the a citizen and resident of California. He com making the port of New York. On his arrival success of the United States in the rebellion manded her, and notwithstanding his great skill at New York, he had but fifty gallons of water; through which she has so happily and gloriand unflinching courage and his attempt to keep | and he landed in New York three hundred ously passed; and in consequence of that very up the spirits of those who were on board, it
passengers, men, women, and children. rebellion he has been reduced almost to povwas very evident that destruction was inevitable Perhaps Senators do not bear in mind the
He is now here, and has been here for unless assistance was soon received.
scene which took place upon the arrival of the many months, and he seeks at the hands of In this condition of things the Three Bells vessel at New York, and the solicitude that Congress some valuable manifestation of their hove in sight. Distress guns were fired. As was felt for the fate of the vessel before the recognition of the services rendered without soon as the captain saw that the steamer was arrival of the passengers. He was fêted in the slightest view at that time to any recogniin peril he went to her aid. His own vessel New York the moment of his arrival. The tion of them of a pecuniary character; but was leaking then to the extent of making about Government paid for the loss of the cargo; now, when the recent unfortunate condition nine inches of water an hour. He was short but so signal was the service of rescuing from of the country has placed him in a situation of of provisions. The moment he came within inevitable death some six or seven hundred comparative want, he is willing to receive, anx; a distance to be communicated with directly, | soldiers of the United States, having with them ious to receive, and as I think the honor and Captain Watkins--the wind being so high that many of the wives and children belonging to character of the United States require that he it was impossible to make himself heard, either the men and the officers, that the Senate of the should receive, some substantial manifestation by his own voice or with the aid of the trumpet United States, upon the 6th of February, 1854, of the gratitude which the United States owo ---plaeed upon a board in large letters what passed a resolution identical with the one now to him as a gallant sailor, looking to no other the captain of the Three Bells understood to be, reported to the Senate by the Committee on reward at the time than that which flows from “We are in distress; save us; we will charter Military Affairs, and another resolution, after a noble action performed in the cause of huyour vessel.” This British captain, true to reducing the amount originally named'in it, | manity. He is now anxious to receive the the instincts of humanity, and true, too, to the identical with the resolution that I now offer comparative pittance which the amendment I general instincts which characterize the sailor, to the report of the committee. As the Senate have proposed will give him, when divided said at once, with some surprise and some committee at that time reported the second between the three who were engaged in the indignation, What does the man want? Does resolution, they gave $100,000. Pending the humane effort. he suppose that I am here for the purpose of consideration of the subject in the Senate it As I have said, about one hundred and sev. chartering my vessel to make money? I am was reduced to $50,000; and I propose now enty were washed overboard before he could here to save all who are on board, if I can, and that the Senate should adopt what the Senate come to the rescue ; but he, and the others who I will lay by your vessel as long as my own adopted then, by a vote, I think, of 27 yeas to
came afterward to his aid, saved some five or will swim." The storm continued with una
six hundred lives of officers and soldiers of the
United States and several of the families of the although at the time the service was rendered he The bill was ordered to he engr:ssed for a oficers and the soldiers; and I remember as if it had not the remotest idea of ever appealing to third reading, was read the third time, and were but yesterday, although I was not in the the gratitude of the United States for compen passed. councils of the nation at that time, with what sation for an act wliich he did from an impulse
HOUSE BILLS REFERRED. joy the passage by the Senate of the resolu of pure humanity and at the risk of his life, tion, such as it will be if you adopt the amend he asks at the hands of the United States some
The following bills from the House of Repment I have proposed, was hailed throughout small compensation for that peril now when
resentatives were severally read twice by their the United States. It was hailed as a mani
titles, and referred as indicated below: the troubles in which we have been engaged
A bill (H. R. No. 134) to regulate t: terms festation of national gratitude for distinguished and during which no one I have reason to be
of the United States courts in the eastern dis. services, rendered at the imminent peril of life, lieve more solicitously watched over us than
trict of New York, and for other purposes-to not only of himself but of his crew, and at the he did--for he was always a true friend of the
the Committee on the Judiciary. certain destruction of the cargo which was in United States-have placed him in a condition trusted to his charge; and the answer that the of almost entire poverty.
A bill (H. R. No. 278) in amendment of the
several acts relating to the organization of the man gave when, misunderstanding the tele Now, I propose in behalf of him and of
Pension Otliceto the Comınittee on Pensions. graph that Captain Watkins sent him by means others who were engaged in the same noble of the board which he held up, (a telegraph, as and humane undertaking that we manifest our
APPROVAL OF BILLS. he
supposed, indicating the opinion of Wat- il gratitude to a heroism unsurpassed; the sea A message from the President of the Unikins that he would not lay by his vessel except was running mountain high, threatening to ted States, by Mr. Cooper, his Secretary, anon the promise of some reward,), evinced the ingulf him and his crew, his ship leaking and nounced that the President had approved and character of the true sailor. "What does the making nter at the ate of nine inches an signed on the 17th instant, the following acts and man mean ?'' was his indignant reply. Sub hour, and he unable to keep her afloat except joint resolutions: stantially he said, “Here I will remain; and if by the untiring exertions of himself and his
An act (S. No. 31) to reimburse the State it be possible I will save all on board the crew. I ask in nis behalf, and as a debt due of Missouri for moneys expended for the Unievidently sinking vessel or lose my own life in to humanity; I ask in behalf of the officers and ted States in enrolling, equipping, and prothe effort;'? and he succeeded.
soldiers who were saved through his gallantry visioning militia forces to aid in suppressing The book that I hold in my hand, which the and the gallantry of two others who came to the rebellion ; honest and bold and humane sailor has kept | the rescue, that we shall, when we are able and An act (S. No. 229) to authorize the Presiby him from that time to this, is filled with he is poor, manifest our gratitude by contribu dent of the United States to transfer a gunboat manifestations of the nation's gratitude; and ting what will render, perhaps, the remainder to the Government of the republic of Liberia ; he was able to save from the elements the letter of his days comparatively happy.
A joint resolution (S. R. No. 45) protesting that was thrown overboard by Captain Watkins, The amendment was agreed to.
against pardons by foreign Governments of which I will trouble the Senate by reading. It The joint resolution was reported to the persons convicted of infamous offenses on conwas picked up at sea:
Senate as amended, and the amendment was dition of emigration to the United States; and STEANSHIP SAN FRANCISCO, concurred in.
A joint resolution (S. R. No. 49) for the January 1, 1851. The joint resolution was ordered to be temporary relief of destitute people in the Dear CAPTAIN: We are in great distress. Do not engrossed for a third reading, was read the District of Columbia. leave us.
We have already lost about one hundred and eighty of our number, washed overboard. We third time, and passed.
And that on the 18th instant he approved have United States troops on board, and the com
LAKE PORTAGE SHIP-CANAL. manding officer will charter your ship. Wo have
An act (S. No. 201) for the relief of Ann plenty of water and provisions on board. We now The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is the Heth, widow of William Heth, of Harrison number about four hundred and twenty, all told. find it too rough to do anything with our rafts; they duty of the Chair to call up the unfinished busi
county, Indiana; are made and waiting a calm. ness of yesterday, which is House bill No. 238,
An act (S. No. 241) directing thư nrollment Yours, &c.,
JAMES T. WATKINS, the pending question being on the amendment
of Agnes W. Laughlin, the widow of, deceased of the Senator from Vermont, [Mr. Edmunds,] || soldier, as a pensioner; That was on the 1st of January, 1854; and upon which the yeasandnays have been ordered.
An act (S. No. 248) for the relief of James this noble and humane-as all noble men are Mr. POMEROY. With the leave of the G. Clarke; -sailor remained, at the imminent peril of his Senator from New Hampshire I should like to An act (S. No. 252) granting a pension to life and the lives of all those who were on board reconsider a bill that passed during the morn Mrs. Sarah E. Wilson; and of his own ship and of the loss of his ship, || ing hour the other day, merely to make a cor An act (S. No. 260) granting a pension to alongside during the terrific storm that lasted rection. The bill was amended before in the Mrs. Emerance Gouler. for six days, during the whole of the six days, | Senate, but as it now stands there needs to be
PROTECTION OF UNITED STATES OFFICERS. and he succeeded in rescuing every living soul a slight correction in order that the various left on board on the 1st of January; and I parts of the bill may be in harmony with each The Senate, as in Committee of the Whole, remember (and I recollect the proud feeling other. There will be no question about it. It
resumed the consideration of the bill (H. R. with which I received the information) the de will only take two or three minutes' time. No. 238) to amend an act entitled "An act light with which the vote given by the Senate Mr. CLARK. I will not object to that. The relating to habeas corpus, and regulating judi. on the occasion thrilled the public heart of the special order may be laid aside informally in cial proceedings in certain cases,'' approved nation. Six or seven hundred soldiers of the order to allow the correction of a mistake in March 3, 1863; the pending question being on United States destined to the furthest Terri that bill.
the amendment of Mr. EDMUNDS to insert at tory of the United States to maintain the honor The PRESIDENT protempore. That course
the end of the first section the following words: of its flag were rescued not only from imminent will be taken, no objection being made.
Or so far as it operates as a defense for any act but certain death by the gallantry of this Eng Mr. POMEROY. I have mored a recon
done or omitted in any State represented in Congress lish captain and his noble officers and crew,
during the rebellion, and in which, at the tine and sideration of the vote passing Senate bill No. place of any such act or omission, martial law was and the disappointment, if disappointment was 193, granting lands to the State of Michigan not in force. felt at all at the passage of the resolution to aid in building a harbor and ship-canal at The question being taken by yeas and nays, through the Senate, was that the amount given | Portage Lake, Keweenaw Point, Lake Superior, resulted-yeas 10, nays 29; as follows: was not the amount recommended by the in said State. I now ask that the question be YEAS-Messrs. Buckalcw, Cowan, Doolittle, Edcommittee. The committee recommended taken on that reconsideration.
munds, Gutlirie, Hendricks, Johnson, McDougall, $100,000; and it was amended in the Senate The motion to reconsider was agreed to.
Nesmith, and Saulsbury-10.
NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conby being reduced one half; and it only failed of Mr. POMEROY. I now move to reconsider ness, Cragin, Creswell, Foster, Grimes, Henderson, receiving the sanction of the other House for the vote ordering the bill to be engrossed for a
Howard, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane of Indiana, Lanc of want of time. After that, not wanting the third reading.
Kansas, Morgan, Nye, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman,
Sprague, Stewart, Sumner. Trumbull, Van Winkle, money, this Englishman, or rather Scotchman, The motion was agreed to.
Wadle. Willey, Williams, Wilson, and Yates--29. I believe, by birth, went upon his own way Mr. POMEROY. In the seventeenth line
ABSENT-Messrs. Brown, Davis, Dixon, Fessenrejoicing in that which gave him more satisfac
den, Harris, Morrill, Norton, Poland, Riddlo, and of the bill I move to strike out the words
Wright-10. tion than money could at that time have given hereby amended” and insert“ herein referred So the amendment was rejected. him, that he had contributed so much to save We do not amend the former bill, but so many fellow-beings, and especially to save
Mr. CLARK. I think a slight amendment we recite it. the soldiers and sailors of the United States
The amendment was agreed to.
is needed in the fourth line of the third section, and their families, and everywhere where. the
to strike out the words "
as well." Mr. POMEROY. I send to the Chair a tidings reached of what the Senate of the Uni
The amendment was agreed to. ted States had done in manifestation of their substitute for the last proviso in reference to
Mr. SAULSBURY. I move to strike out mineral lands. gratitude for the distinguished service he had rendered the United States by saving the lives
The amendment was read, being to strike
the fourth section of the bill. That section out the words,
provides: of her soldiery, it was hailed with delightful And provided further, That no mineral lands shall
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That if the State gratitude everywhere. Money then was to him be included within this grant.
court shall, notwithstanding the performance of all of little or no account; but he has suffered
things required for the removal of the case to the
And in lieu thereof to insertnow because of our trouble. His trade was
circuit court aforesaid, proceed further in said causo And provided further, That no lands designated
or prosecution before said certificate is produced, with us; the rebellion through which we have by the United States as mineral before the passage
then, in that case, all such further proceedings shall so happily and gloriously passed in a great of this act shall be included within this grants
be void and of no effect; and all parties, judges, offi
cers, and other persons, thenceforth proceeding theremeasure broke it up; he is now poor; and
The amendment was agreed to.
under, or by color thereof, shall be liable in damages