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substitute, borrowed from the Senate bill, and increase of business, and as that business ted States Military Academy. I make no issue the provision of the House bill which we have decreases you may fall back, not to twelve, with him, but how much they come down reported, is that we propose to provide that, as but to nineteen.
from their glory when they depend for a livvacancies occur, the number of these officers As I intimated a moment ago, you do not ing upon inspecting “sow belly” and “hard shall be reduced, so as to take away one of the || require increase of staff in proportion to in- tack. That is the point which the gentlecolonels, three of the majors, and six of the crease of line officers. As you increase the man utterly avoids. We have educated these captains, making a total reduction of ten. Sir, || Army increase of staff need not be in arith- men for something else. Civilians can do what is the fact in regard to the present num- metical progression at all. Increase of staff, that work. Five hundred and fourteen civilber of officers in the commissary department? | rather, need not be in that exact ratio at all. ians have proved they can do the work, and There are now twenty-nine officers, from the Increase of line officers must be. As they had there is no more necessity for having a man highest to the lowest, in the subsistence depart- twelve before the war, we propose they shall educated at West Point to make him a comment proper of the regular Army. The Senate | keep twenty-nine now, never to be reduced petent commissary of subsistence than to be adopts that number; the House committee below nineteen in the new Army we propose a chaplain or paymaster, or to discharge any adopt that number, legislating nobody out. The to establish.
other duties which require a knowledge of Senate proposes that the number shall always I see, therefore, no argument in what came accounts and skill and ability to make concontinue twenty-nine. The House committee from the gentleman, nor any in the communi- tracts, to keep his accounts square, to pay propose that, after the winding up of the busi- cation of General Eaton, except an honest over money received, and make purchases ness of this war, as vacancies occur, there shall intention, honestly entertained, a mistaken idea according to his orders in good faith. The be an omission of one of the colonels, three of of every one of these men that they can never very thing that should characterize West Point the majors, and six of the captains, until the spare an oflicer after they have once had him.
proves my argument. T) more of a soldier whole number shall be brought down to nine- If they have increased to twenty-nine with you make of every graduate there the more teen.
five hundred and fourteer volunteers, if you incongruous it is that a man covered all over How many officers did we have in that de- muster out the five hundred and fourteen vol- with glory, the rival of Mars, should condepartment before the war? I hold in my hand unteers they must have the twenty-vine now scend to weigh crackers and contract for beef. the Army Register for 1860. At that time there with increase of the Army. The proposition, Mr. WOODBRIDGE. Why is it not quite was one Commissary General, with the rank | therefore, we make is not to cut down the as necessary that West Point men should be in only of a colonel; there was one assistant com- twenty-nine now, but, as the Senate proposes, the commissary department where they buy missary general, with the rank of lieutenant col- to leave it as it is, reducing as the business of beef, as that they should be in the quarteronel; there were two majors and eight captains. the war is closed up until you come down to master's department where they buy horses' Those constituted the whole of the subsistence nineteen, but not to go below nineteen, seven tails? department-twelve officers in all, and only more than they ever had before prior to 1861. Mr. SCHENCK. I believe the same profour of them above the grade of captain. We Mr. WOODBRIDGE. Any one of these vision ought to have been made in the section now have in that department a brigadier gen- officers may be ordered off.
relating to the quartermaster's department. eral, two colonels, two lieutenant colonels, a Mr. SCHIENCK. I admit all that. I adinit It was thought, however, by the majority of number of majors, and a number of captains, they may be detailed to business outside, but the committee that there were some advantages the whole number being twenty-nine. This is others may be detailed in their places. A in a military education in that departmentthe force of that department as it now stands man will not be ordered away without having for instance, as connected with the transportaupon the Register.
his place supplied. So there is nothing in tion of troops, and making corrections—which Now, is it necessary to retain twenty-nine that.
were not required of paymasters and commisofficers in that department forever? If twenty- With nineteen you will probably have one saries of subsistence. nine officers will be required two or three years for every brigade in the field when troops are TheSPEAKER. The gentleman's time has hence, when the business of winding up the in service and leave the chief and three or four expired. operations of this war shall be all over, then others to assist him. I think the chief with Mr. SCHENCK. I hope I may be permitthe department ought to have more than twenty- three or four here, and the others at posts and ted to go on a moment more. nine officers now. But it is not contended that with brigades in the field, are quite enough. No objection was made. more than twenty-nine are needed now. Gen- If the gentleman doubts that he can test the Mr. SCHENCK. Now, I hope that gentleeral Eaton is satisfied with twenty-nine now; question upon each part of this proposition men will see the propriety of the remarks which but he wishes that the department shall still instead of a substitute by moving to strike out I am making. They are made in no spirit of embrace twenty-nine officers after all the pres- each one of these particular propositions. opposition to West Point, but rather on behalf ent pressure of work shall have gone by. There Now, sir, it is proposed that we strike out of West Point. They are not made with a seems to be some inconsistency in this. Either the section reported by the House committee | desire to decry the advantage of a military there are too few now, or there will be too and substitute something entirely different education. No man can have had anything many hereafter. There is no escape from this instead of trying the question on each one of to do with military affairs without having felt proposition. The adjustment of commissaries these propositions. And why? Because there the importance of a good military education accounts, and the other duties connected with is a third objection to the House bill upon in order to do the best service in any line of the winding up of the vast business arising out which the gentleman is eloquent which he || duty. But the point I make is that it is not of the war, have thrown a great burden for the wants to get rid of by his substitute and that necessary to educate these men at the United next two or three years upon each one of these is this one in the bill:
States Military Academy to perform these pardepartments. But, I repeat, there is no escape And hereafter no graduate of the United States ticular duties. from the proposition that if twenty-nine officers Military Academy, being at the time in the Army of Now look at their appointment. As I said in that department be suflicient now, as Gen
the United States, or having been therein at any time eral Eaton admits, then twenty-nine will be too for three years next preceding, shall be eligible to
before, when the war commenced there were appointment as an officer in the subsistence depart- || but twelve in the whole subsistence department, many when this surplus business shall be dis
and they ran up to twenty-nine. Where did they posed of.
What led the committee to propose that? come from? Out of the whole twelve there Before the war, I repeat, the officers in that Not that these gentlemen were loafers. We was but one man to be found who had no milidepartment were but twelve. During the war never said that, and once for all I desire to say tary education, who was fit to go into the subthe number has been more than doubled, being to my friend from Vermont, and to all others, sistence department and make contracts in now twenty-nine. Gentlemen may say this that I believe the subsistence department has reference to supplies. There must have been was on account of the war. But the regular | been exceedingly well managed all through this something marvelous in that. And even hè Army has not been much increased during the war, and the officers employed here have done was a son of the chief of the department.
And while this increase from twelve to their duty well, whether they came from West The war went on, and continued through twenty-nine was going on, five hundred and Point and had their education there, or were
1861, 1862, and 1863, and nobody could get in fourteen commissaries of volunteers were given appointed from civil life. That is to create the from civil life. But who did get in? Second to that department to help in the work. The impression we are making an attack on West lieutenants of artillery. From certain circumgentleman takes no account of these five hun- Point. No such thing. That we are making an stances, which I could explain if I would, dred and fourteen commissaries of volunteers attack upon the subsistence department as the artillery always seem to have a particular whe have helped to do the increased work con- loafers. No such thing. I say the subsistence hold on the subsistence department through its sequent upon having millions of men in the department has done well through all of its head on a former occasion, and thus as fast field. The five hundred and fourteen that did officers, and I say none probably have done as these young fledglings come from West the work consequent upon the vast army brought better than the graduates of West Point in Point they are called upon to furnish brevet into the field, exceeding the old regular Army, that department,
second lieutenants for officers in the subsistare now mustered out or immediately to be What, then, do we mean? We mean this: ence department, and all at once they are mustered out. What is left? Twenty-nine, more that when we have educated a man for four made captains. than double as many as they had before the years at West Point and made him skillful in Mr. HALE. I think the gentleman is laborwar commenced, and that is because of the engineering, gunnery, and general tactics, we ing under an entire mistake. I think there increase of the Army we propose in this bill. do not want him to inspect biscuit and make has never been an instance in the history of
I say we have too many pow. I say their contracts for beef. The gentleman challenges the United States Army of a brevet second own records prove that. I say that twenty- the world to produce any others who shall | lieutenant of the artillery being transferred nine has been because of the increase of the li equal the glory that has been maintained upon and appointed to the office of commissary of regular Army, and made necessary by the stricken battle-fields by graduates of the Uni- subsistence, with the rank of captain.
Mr. SCHENCK. All I have to say in answer a second lieutenant-mark you, all this time not to that is that George Bell and J. D. Hawkins having resigned bis commission as commissary
of volunteers-he was washed with the proper Mr. HALE. I beg pardon. George Bell waters, baptized into the regular Army, and was was made brevet second lieutenant, July 1, then competent to be made a commissary of 18.3, served through the grades of second and subsistence. This little, close corporation made first licutenant, and was appointed captain an excellent officer go through all this farce of and commissary of subsistence on the 3d of turning common soldier, sergeant, and second August, 1861, more than eight years after he lieutenant while yet a captain and commissary became a brevet second lieutenant of artillery. || of volunteers, in order that he might creep into And just so with every officer in that depart- the subsistence department without that horriment.
ble and shocking thing, direct transfer from the Mr. SCHENCK. Not every officer. I hap. volunteers to merchandising in crackers and pen to know the fact as regards Mr. Sullivan beef, and taking charge of the provisions for whom I myself sent to West Point. Being a the Army! first lieutenant, he was made commissary of Since then they have made some very good subsistence at the beginning of the war, and appointments from the volunteer service-one if he had remained with his battery, good officer | recommended by myself, Mr. Crane, who headed as he was, he ould probably have become a the list of ten named for promotion, and had brigadier or major general of volunteers, or done most gallant service in the field. Another lost his life, instead of which he remained only was a gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. Pena captain and commissary of subsistence. rose, and there have been two or three other
Mr. HALE. He was not made commissary appointments of that kind made since that time. from brevet second lieutenant.
But the objection I make is, that we do not Mr. SCHENCK. No; he was a first lieu- need to educate men at West Point to make tenant.
chaplains of them, or paymasters, or commisMr. HALE. That was the case with all saries of subsistence, but that they have higher these men.
and more important duties in the art of war to Mr. SCHENCK. I may have been mistaken perform, in heading brigades and divisions, and in speaking of the first entry here as brevet commanding their batteries; and that when we secand lieutenant; but that does not alter the make them, at great expense and cost of time fact. Here is a case of a second lieutenant of and money, military engineers, artillerists, the first artillery who was not graduated until skilled in infantry tactics, and good cavalry. 1861, and two years after that we find him a men, it is better and more proper that you captain in the commissary department. should leave open to them staff appointments
Mr. HALE. I know the officer to whom and other positions among the engineers, the the gentlemen refers, for he comes from my cavalry, the infantry, and the artillery, and section of country ; it is Lieutenant Elderkin. that these places of commissaries of subsistence He stood at the head of the list of first lieuten- and chaplains and paymasters, which require ants in his regiment, the first artillery, and had no more skill and knowledge than is developed served gallantly and nobly for three years in at any school in the country or by the business the field. And from the first lieutenancy in his pursuits of life, should be filled up by men wlio regiment he was appointed a commissary. are just as well qualified and will answer every Nr. SCHENCK. That does not alter the
purpose. principle. Suppose that instead of being sec- I will not stop to argue the question whether ond lieutenants, as dated on the list, they went the difficulty is that you cannot get gentlethrough the intermediate grade of first lieuten- men" if you go outside of West Point, though ant, what tben? I say there were artillery ofli- that was a part of the argument of my friend cers who, to get another step in promotion, con- from Vermont, [Mr. WOODBRIDGE.] I do not sented to go into the subsistence department. want to impeach the gentility of West Point; Now, I find no fault with these young men,
neither do I wish to impeach the gentility or and especially not in time of peace, when pro- integrity of the business men of the country motion is slow; but I do say the probability is, who are willing to accept positions of this kind that if these men had remained with their bat
upon proper recommendations and with proper teries, and fought it out during the war, most examinations, which they will all have to obtain of them who consented to become captains in and undergo. I think they will be found to the subsistence department would have been fill the bill quite as well as if they had been at the head of brigades, or divisions, or corps educated on the banks of the Hudson. before the war ended. And I say that it is not Mr. HALE. If I understand the proper our policy to educate men, either to be first or course of parliamentary proceeding, it is, before second lieutenants or captains, or to hold any the vote shall be taken upon the substitute, to other rank in the artillery, infantry, cavalry, submit any amendments which may tend to peror engineers, and then let them become mer- fect the original section of the bill. If I am chants to feed the Army. That is the point correct in that, and the chairman of the Milithat I am making, and that is the point that I tary Committee [Mr. SCHENCK] is now prewould have the gentleman meet, if he can. pared to offer an amendment to obviate the
Now, sir, I have said that there was not an difficulty in regard to mustering these officers opening until 1863. The door was then thrown out of the service, I would be very glad to have a little ajar; and it was so amusing, on account him move it at this time. of the way in which it was thus thrown ajar, Mr. SCHENCK. I will move to amend secthat I will give you an account of it, subject, of || tion nineteen of the bill by adding the following: course, to correction by my friend from New
But nothing in this section shall be construed so York, [Mr. Hale.]
as to vacate the commission of any oflicer now comThere was a commissary of subsistence, a missioned either as assistant commissary general or volunteer, in Boston, and a very excellent com
commissary of subsistence, but only to change the
title to commissary in the cases of those who rank as missary he was, and has continued to be, and lieutenant colonels, majors, and captains, wijnout is still. His name is Brigham. He was a com- affecting in any way their relative position or the inissary of subsistence stationed at Boston, not
time from which they take such rank. in the field, and he has remained there, and has Mr. CONKLING. For the benefit of those got into the regular Army. How did he get who do not understand this thing better than I into the regular Ariny? It would not do to put | do, I would ask how this amendment will leave him into the regular Army by direct transfer; for the subsistence department practically, that would have been declaring to the country Mr. HALE. I would say to my colleague, tliat it is possible for a man outside of the [Mr. CoxKLING, ) that I have one or two other ** charmed circle” to get in. What did they | amendments which I propose to move to this do? They required him to enlist as a common section, as soon as the vote is taken upon the soldier in the eleventh infantry of the United amendment moved by the chairman of the States Army, which he did. He was immedi- Military Committee. ately made a non-commissioned oflicer, and Mr. CONKLING. That is very likely. But thus rendered eligible to promotion to a sec- I want to know how this amendment is to affect ond lieutenancy, and then, having been made the personnel of the commissary department.
39th CONG. IST SESS.-No. 134.
Mr. HALE. It leaves that matter precisely as it is now.
Mr. SCIIENCK. It legislates out nobody at all.
The question was upon the amendment of Mr. SCIENCK.
Mr. SMITH. I desire to make a few remarks in reply to something that was said by the gentleman from Vermont [Mr. WOODBRIDGE) a few minutes ago, not to touch probably directly or indirectly upon the question now before the House.
I understood the gentleman from Vermont to say in the conclusion of his remarks that the entire credit of the successes of the Union Army and the downfall of the rebellion was attributable to those who had graduated at West Point.
Mr. WOODBRIDGE. Will the gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. Smitu] allow me moment?
Mr. SMITH. When I have concluded my sentence I will. And that almost all the reputation that had been earned during the war belonged to the men who had received their education at that institution. While I give full credit to all those who distinguished themselves, who came from that Academy, and would not detract in the slightest degree from any one who won laurels on any field at any time, I must be permitted to dissent most emphatically from any such expressions emanating from any gentleman upon this floor, and going out to the country.
I will now yield a moment to the gentleman from Vermont. .
Mr. WOODBRIDGE. My friend from Kentucky [Mr. SMITH] most certainly misunderstood me. There probably is not a man in this House who has a higher respect for the volunteer service of the country than I have; there is probably no man who would award them more credit than I would award them. They distinguished themselves with great honor to themselves and to the country; and they certainly did all which human energy and skill and foresight could do to save this country from the ruin which threatened to befall it from the rebellion.
But I did say, and I say it now, because I believe it to be true, not only in this case, but as a principle almost necessarily true in all cases, that the men who achieved the most distinguished military honor were the men who had graduated at West Point. There was Grant, and Sherman, and Sheridan, and McPher
Mr. SMITH. And Hancock.
Mr. WOODBRIDGE. Yes, and Hancock, and scores of others whose names I need not mention, who have risen to the very highest rank in the Army, and who really, by reason of their education, did achieve the highest reputation that was achieved in the field and in any of the departments connected with the Army.
ME. SMITH. Mr. Speaker, my friend from Vermont has omitted to mention a great many oslicers who graduated at West Point.
A MEMBER. McClellan.
Mr. WOODBRIDGE. One of the twelve disciples did not come out all right; and hence you must expect that there shall be once in a while a similar occurrence in modern days.
Mr. SMITH. I do not intend, Mr. Speaker, to disparage in the slightest degree the reputation of any gentleman who graduated at West Point. I'do wish, however, to state a fact which I believe to be a matter of history, and which the records of this war will establish for all future time. It is well known to the House and the country that when this war began the regular Army was composed of about five thousand men, rank and file. General Scott, who was not, I believe, a graduate of West Point, was the commander-in-chief. Few of the men who have distinguished themselves in this war were then in the Army. Those of the West Point graduates who stand highest to-day among the distinguished men of this war had at the opening of the war been long away from
RIVER AND HARBOR BILL.
FRENOII IV VEXICO.
that institution, and were most of them engaged || this one from the desk, this one from the count- be requested to communicate to this House the report in the civil pursuits of life-some in agricul- ling office, this one from the lawyer's office, this
of General Smith and llon. James T. Brady of their
investigations at New Orleans. ture, some in mercantile business, some in the one from the medical office. În a little while professions of law, medicine, &c. The man they proved their efficiency, not only leading
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. who stands to-day at the head of the Army was, regiments and brigades but divisions and corps Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee I believe, when the war broke out, a tanner at successfully through the conflict which has but on Enrolled Bills, reported that they had examGalena, Illinois. All right; there is nothing | recently ended. Why, sir, where is there a ined and found truly enrolled House bill No. wrong about that.
West Pointer who stands higher as a corps 146, for the relief of Thomas F. Wilson, late I wish to call the attention of my friend from commander than Major General John A. Lo- United States consul at Bahia, Brazil; when Vermont to this additional fact that when gan? I do not intend to mention a whole lot the Speaker signed the same. President Lincoln issued his call for seventy- of men who sit round me in Congress. When five thousand men to defend the capital of the did he lose a fight? Where is the State that nation and put down insurrection, those sev- has not presented volunteers, from privates
Mr. ELIOT. I give notice that on Monday enty-five thousand men came almost entirely to major generals, who have shown their morning next, after the morning hour, I shall from the civil pursuits of life. They were,
move to discharge the Committee of the whole ability in the field?
from the further consideration of the river and almost without exception, men who had never I have believed in a regular army. I have seen West Point; and hundreds and thousands thought it was well to have a strong army.
harbor bill, that it may have the action of the
since the war.
BURIAL OF SOLDIERS. I wish to state this further fact: that while | ticipate war with all its sorest trials. When it The SPEAKER laid before the House the there were a large number of the graduates of did begin, and when a million men arrayed following message from the President of the West Point who went into our Army and dis- themselves against the Government, we found United States; which was ordered to be printed, tinguished themselves, there were, I am sorry two millions and more of volunteers willing to and referred to the Committee on Military to say, numbers of men trained in that insti- risk their lives to defend the country:
Affairs : tution who took up arms on the side of the The SPEAKER. The gentleman's time has To the House of Representatives : rebellion--men who had been educated in their l expired. secession doctrines by reading Rawle on the
In reply to the resolution of the House of
Mr. ELDRIDGE.. I move that the gentle | Representatives of the 2d instant, requesting Constitution,
man have leave to finish his speech. Mr. WOODBRIDGE. I beg to state that
information respecting the collection of the
There was no objection, and it was so or: remains of othcers and soldiers killed and buried when that call for seventy-five thousand men dered.
on the various battle-fields about Atlanta, I was issued, the quota of Vermont was led by
Mr. SMITH. Mr. Speaker, the record of a graduate of West Point-as gallant a man as
transmit herewith a report on the subject from the volunteers is so bright, so glorious, and so ever bore a sword-General Phelps.
the Secretary of War.
ANDREW JOHNSON. Mr. SMITH. Mr. Speaker, the gentleman grand, it cannot be destroyed.
I am unwilling to say, because a number of cannot have any controversy with me about
WASHINGTON, D. C., April 20, 1866. men have come from West Point and distinthe gallantry of West Pointers; I concede all guished themselves, they should be set up as
REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY-AGAIN. that. I continue, therefore, the line of remark
the only ones who can save the country in time Mr. NIBLACK. I demand the yeas and which I was presenting.
The record of West Point shows that nays on my motion to postpone. Now, sir, before the expiration of the three
as many men from West Point went into the Mr. SCÉENCK. Is the motion debatable? months for which those seventy-five thousand rebellion as were in our Army. Now, West The SPEAKER. It is, to a limited extent. men were called out, President Lincoln issued
Point does not make a man brave. West Point a call for three hundred thousand men, to be does not make a man good.
West Point may enlisted for three years or the war. The vol
The SPEAKER laid before the House a educate as well as men can be educated. But unteers who responded to that call were com- it does not put fight into him. What does put
message from the President, transmitting, in posed of every description of men. The offifight into the American citizen? It is the coun
answer to a resolution of the House of Reprecers who commanded those men took the raw
sentatives of the 16th instant requesting infortry, her soil and institutions, which make him a material into the field. They drilled those
mation relative to the proposed evacuation of
Mexico by French military forces, a report men; they worked with them; they fought fighter and qualify him for great deeds of daring.
I do not care whether you have five or ten with them. When the rebellion was at its
from the Secretary of State with accompany, thousand in the regular Army, this country is strongest stage, when the rebel forces in the safe, to use the language of Mr. Seward. I do
ing documents; which was ordered to be printed field numbered one hundred and fifty or two not care whether Congress passes a bill to in
and referred to the Committee on foreign hundred thousand men, well drilled and well
Affairs. crease the Army to seventy-five thousand or equipped, those forces were arrayed on many
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. rejects it, the country is safe. I do not care a well-fought field against our noble army of whether Congress agrees with the President or A message from the Senate, by Mr. FORNEY, volunteers, men who had, previous to the war,
the President disagrees with Congress, the coun: its Secretary, informed the House that the no military education, but who by thorough || try is safe. The great courage, the great intel
Senate had passed House bill No. 472, for the drilling and hard work became efficient sol
ligence, the great conservatism, and everything relief of George B. Frank, late captain of the diers, so that they were, it might almost be grand and good are behind Congress, with the
third regiment Wisconsin volunteers. said, qualified to fight our battles withont a people, and the people will save the country.
Also, House bill No. 197, to provide for the commander. Then it was that our volunteers
I have little confidence in anything which be- better organization of the pay department of achieved their great victories, and won their longs to political position, at this time espe
the Navy, with amendments, in which the congreat renown. It was then that a large pro- cially. I believe in the faithfulness and integ
currence of the House was requested. portion of the volunteer officers were set aside rity of the people.
Also, Senate bill No. 215, concerning cerand West Pointers put in their places.
In conclusion, I would like to say, if this
tain lands granted to the State of Nevada. When the war had continued for three years House will only wait until we get the militia
Also, Senate bill No. 276, for the relief of and more, our army of volunteers had been so
bill they will get rid of this great establishment Jerusha Witter. · thoroughly schooled by the actual work of war and none the less save the country, when they
Also, Senate bill No. 231, for the relief of that they were able to take any fort, to do any will have an establishment that will only cost
William Pierce, in which the concurrence of fighting, to whip any of the rebel armies “on $500,000, while this costs $30,000,000. All
the House was requested. their own hook,'' without a commander, for every man was a well-trained soldier. All that || great defenders of liberty in war as well as in you have to do is to rely upon the people, the
REVENUE ASSESSORS. was necessary for such an army was the mere
Mr. MILLER, by unanimous consent, intropeace.
duced a bill to allow United States revenne form of having a commander.
Mr. NIBLACK. I have reasons which will There was one grand and glorious thing about convince me that it is not the intention of the
assessors to appoint deputies; which was read
a first and second time. General Grant, which distinguished him from House to pass this bill at this time. If that be
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I call for many of his predecessors. He had a tenacity of purpose which ever prompted him to keep || by section. With a view to testing the sense so, we only waste time in considering it section
the reading of the bill in full.
The bill was read. It authorizes United on following the enemy, and to keep on fight
of the House upon this bill I move that its States assessors to appoint deputies in the same ing, and to keep on whipping. When a shell
further consideration be postponed to the first manner as collectors of revenue. exploded upon his front, he did not retire,
Monday of December next.
intimi. saying that something had occurred
The bill was referred to the Committee of
Mr. FARNSWORTH. I ask leave to introdate him. This untiring persistency of pur
Ways and Means. duce a resolution calling on the President for Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to pose has been one grand cause of General
information. Grant's success.
reconsider the vote by which the bill was
Mr. NIBLACK. I am willing to yield for referred; and also moved that the motion to But, sir, the volunteers of this country have that purpose.
reconsider be laid on the table. saved it. While you can go over the catalogue of West Pointers who have distinguished them
REPORT OF GENERAL SUITII, ETC.
The latter motion was agreed to. selves, the catalogue of volunteers is much Mr. FARNSWORTII, by unanimous con
DUTIES ON IMPORTS. longer and larger and will swell out in history sent, submitted the following resolution; which Mr. KETCHAN. I ask unanimous consent giving to these men a higher, grander, nobler was read, considered, and agreed to:
to introduce a bill to increase temporarily the position. Why, this one came from the plow, Resolved, That the President of the United States duties on imports.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, objected, By Mr. MORRILL: The petition of Hon. J. R. of Philadelphia; W. E. Whitman, secretary of but subsequently withdrew his objection.
Cleaveland, and 61 others, citizens of Brookfield,
the Library Company of Philadelphia; Howard protection on wool.
Malcolm, president of the Baptist Historical INTERNAL REVENUE FRAUDS.
. Also, the petition of Hiram Barrett, and 85 others, || Society; Joseph R. Ingersoll, president of the
citizens of Stafford, Orange county, Vermont, pray- Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and sevMr. HIGBY. I ask unanimous consent to
ing for an increased protection on wool.
eral others. I move its reference to the Comintroduce the following resolution:
citizens of Sheffield, Caledonia county, Vermont, mittee on Post Offices and Post Roads. Whereas it is alleged in responsible public journals praying for an increased protoction on wool.
The motion was agreed to. and elsewhere that in the enforcement of the revenue Also, the petition of Jonathan H.Hart, and 39 others, laws at the custom-houses in Boston and New York, citizens of Weston, Windsor county, Vermont, pray- Mr. HOWARD presented the petition of Mrs. and the adjustment of claims for the violation thereof, ing for an increased protection on wool.
Jane D. Brent, praying to be allowed a penfrauds have been committed upon the United States, Also, the petition of A. B. Bigby, and 32 others, citiand parties involved in said alleged violations; and zens of Londonderry, Windham county, Vermont,
sion; which was referred to the Committee on whereasitis in likemanner alleged that similar frauds praying for an increased protection on foreign wool. Pensions. have been committed in the enforcement of the inter- By Mr. RICE of Maine: The petition of William Mr. CHANDLER presented a petition of nal revenue laws, and in the adjustment of claims for Sparrow, and others, of Maino, asking relief from the violation thereof in said cities: Therefore, internal tax on roofing slate.
citizens of Michigan, praying for a reduction Respeel, That the Committee on Public Expendi- By Mr. SCHENCK: The petition of quartermaster of the tax on stoves; which was referred to tures be instructed to investigate all such alleged and commissary sergeants of engineers, for samo pay
the Committee on Finance. frauds, and that for that purpose they be authorized as company sergeants. to send for persons and papers, and, if necessary, to
By Mr. WARD: The remonstrance of Hon. David He also presented a petition of citizens of sit during the recess of Congress, at such place as they Ramsey, and others, leading members of the bar of Michigan, praying for a grant of land for the shall deemn most economical and efficient, and hysuch Steuben county, New York, against the Federal
construction of a railroad from Saginaw to some pamber, not exceeding three, of said committee, as judiciary bill. they inay deem advisable.
By Mr. WELKER: The petition of Asa Eddy, and point on Lake Michigan, in the direction of Mr. ROSS. I object.
72 others, wool-growers of Wayne county, Ohio, ask- Bay de Noquette and in the Grand Traverse
ing protection on wool. And then, on motion of Mr. CONKLING,
region; which was referred to the Committee (at four o'clock and thirty minutes p. m.,) the
on Public Lands. House adjourned.
Mr. LANE, of Indiana, presented the petiTUESDAY, April 24, 1866.
tion of William A. Phillips, late commanding PETITIONS, ETC. Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. Gray, |ing for a bounty for the men of the first, sec
ollicer of the Indian brigade, and others, prayThe following petitions, &c., were presented under
The Journal of yesterday was read and
ond, and third Indian regiments, under the act the rule and referred to the appropriate committees :
approved. By the SPEAKER: The petition of Dr. J.A.Ilatch,
of July 22, 1861; which was referred to the
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION. and others, of Kent Station, Indiana, asking that the
Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia. preparations of the National Pharmacopæia, &c., The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before Mr. MORGAN presented the petition of the may be placed on the free list. By Mr. AMES: The petition of Oliver Ames, and
the Senate a message from the President of the Bishop Gutta Percha Company, of the city of others, citizens of Easton, Massachusetts, to secure
United States, transmitting, in answer to a res- New York, praying for an increase of the duty an education to all the children of the United States. olution of the Senate of the 18th instant, a com- on all manufactured insulated telegraphic or
By Mr. BANKS: The memorial of Major Frank W. Marston, Lieutenant John C. Kinney, Lieutenant
munication from the Secretary of War, covering electric wires or, cables used for telegraphic or Ilenry C. Davis, Second Lieutenant Myron Adams, a copy of the proceedings of a board of officers other purposes; which was referred to the and Captain Ernest W. Demick, signal officers, de- in relation to brevet appointments in the regular | Committee on Finance. partment of the Gulf, engaged in the capture of the rebel war steamers Tennessee, Selma, Gaines, &c.,
Army; which was ordered to lie on the table, Mr. COWAN presented the petition of J. and the forts in Mobile bay, for the passage of a law and be printed.
A. Boyer, Andrew Robinson, and others, and allowing them a share of prize money, &c. By Mr. BUNDY: The petition of J. Baker, and 6
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
the petition of Henry Jordan, John Sherrick,
and others, of Westmoreland county, Pennsylothers, manufacturers of beer, in Portsmouth, Ohio, The PRESIDENT pro tempore presented the vania, and the petition of J. B. Finlay, John for the proper modification of the tariff on barley, so that it may be imported into the United States
memorial of Dr. Henry Clok, late veterinary || W. Roney, and others, of Armstrong county, from Canada,
surgeon in the United States Army, repre- || Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the Also, the petition and certificate of Lieutenant Williams, of Lawrence county, Ohio, for pay for ser
senting that he has had large experience in the duty on imported wool; which were referred vices as an ofhcer in 1861.
treatment of the disease known as rinderpest, to the Committee on Finance. By Mr. CONKLING: The remonstrance of citi- or cattle plague, and that he is in possession of
He also presented the petition of Massey, zeng of Utica, New York, against judiciary bill. a reliable means of cure, and also of a powerful | Collins & Co., Thomas J. Martin, and others,
By Mr. DRIGGS: A communication from Captain
required in arresting the progress thereof; | imported froun Canada and the other British and 2.500 others, citizens of Lake Superior, praying
which was referred to the Committee on Agri- Provinces in North America; which was Congress for an increase of duty on foreign copper. culture.
referred to the Committee on Finance. Also, the petition of John Prindeville, Orville
Mr. WILSON presented the petition of
PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. ment of Eagle harbor, Lake Superior, Michigan. sent that they were the owners of the schooner On motion of Mr. CLARK, it was
Also, the petition of D. C. Holley, and 114 others,
Ordered, That the memorial of Margaret Ay Laurio, an increase of duty on foreign wool.
the Chesapeake on her way to Sandwich, Mas- praying for compensation for property destroyed by By Mr. EGGLESTON: The memorial and papers sachusetts, with a cargo of coal, was run into
the United States forces in the District of Columbia, in relation to a claim of James M. Leeds, for services
be taken from the files of the Senate and referred to by the United States steam ram Stonewall and rendered the Government as a detective under the
the Committee on Claims. orders of General Grant. destroyed, and praying for compensation for the
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. Also, the memorial of 60 mercantile firms of Nash- loss sustained by the destruction of the vessel ; ville, Tennessee, praying for a modification of the law in regard to the transportation of gunpowder.
which was referred to the Committee on Claims. Mr. SHERMAN, from the Committee on By Mr. ELIOT: The petition of Obed Brooks, and
Mr. SUMNER. I present the petition and Finance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. others, citizens of Massachusetts, praying for certain memorial of citizens of the United States and 1 No. 261) making appropriations for the conchanges in the Constitution respecting the election of President and Vice President and the qualifica
of the State of Pennsylvania, representing liter. || sular and diplomatic expenses of the Governtions of clectors.
ary and learned societies of that State, in which ment for the year ending 30th June, 1867, and . By Mr.FERRY: The memorial of Robert Hopkins, they set forth that it is desirable that every for other purposes, reported it with amendHenry Ilit and 100 others, citizens of Lyons,
reasonable facility be furnished to the several ments. Michigan, praying that an ad valorem duty be levied on foreign wool.
historical societies and public libraries of the He also, from the same committee, to whom By Mr. HOLMES: The petition of Edwin L. Gage, United States to enable them to increase the was referred the bill (H. R. No. 397) to authorand others, citizens of Madison county, New York, for inercase of tariff on wool.
number of their books, pamphlets, and histor- ize the coinage of live-cent pieces, reported it By Mr. HULBURD: The petition of D.M.Chapin, ical papers; that the present law which requires | without amendment. and others, citizens of St. Lawrence county, New the person who sends documents and papers to Mr. CHANDLER, from the Committee on York, asking the passage of a national insurance law, &c.
such societies to prepay the postage, tends Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. By Mr. JULIAN: The petition of 88 soldiers and greatly to diminish donations; and that many No. 196) to extend the port of entry of the col. sailors, praying an equalization of bounties.
of the papers and documents referred to, lection district of the State of Oregon, reported By Mr. KETCIAM: The petition of George Snyder, and others, of Rhinebeck, New York, asking for
although of an ephemeral character, are yet it with an amendment. increased protection on American wool.
important as historical memorials, and should Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on Claims, By Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania: A petition be preserved. These petitioners, therefore, to whom was referred the petition of George signed by 69 citizens of Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, and also one from Beaver county, Pennsyl
pray Congress to modify the existing laws, so Mack, and others, enlisted men of company G, Fania, asking for an increase of duties on foreign as to permit postage on papers, documents, and eighth regiment United States Veteran volun wool.
books forwarded to the societies above named | teers, praying for the payment of bounty due Dy Mr. LONGYEAR: The remonstrance of S. D.
to be paid on delivery; and they further pray to them which was lost through the carelessBingham, and 28 others, citizens of Lansing, Michigan, against an extension of the Amboy, Lansing that the present rate of postage charged on such ness or fraud of a Government officer, submitand Traverse Bay railroad land grant to the com- papers and documents be reduced fitty per cent. ted an adverse report thereon; which was pany of that name, By Mr. LYNCII: Resolutions of city council of
below the present charges to such societies. ordered to be printed. Portland, Maiuc, relating to the preservation of iron- This petition and memorial, as it is called, Mr. POMEROY. I ask leave introduce clads.
is signed by J. Francis Fisher, president of the a joint resolution to go with that report in the By Mr. MOORHEAD: Two petitions from citizens Philadelphia Atheneum ; T. Morris Perot, case of George Mack, and others, and that it of Alleghany county, Pennsylvania, asking for an increase of duties upon foreign wool.
president of the Mercantile Library Company Il be printed, so that when the subject comes up
for consideration I can move this joint resolu- A bill (H. R. No. 500) making appropria- State; the Executive has recognized it; the head tion as a substitute for the resolution of the tions to supply deficiency in the appropriation of the War Department has recognized it; and committee.
for the public printing for the fiscal year end- recently, it will be in the recollection of the There being no objection, leave was granted | ing June 30, 1866.
Senate, Congress by its action recognized the to introduce a joint resolution (S. R. No. 72)
annexation of these two counties to the State
CLAIMS OF LOYAL CITIZENS. for the relief of George Mack, and twenty-four
of West Virginia, so what these two counties others; which was read twice by its title, and
Mr. WILLEY asked, and by unanimous con
are now, and always have been, a part of that ordered to be printed. sent obtained, leave to introduce a joint reso
territory; since 1863 at any rate. Before the lution (S. R. No. 73) for the relief of loyal citINTERIOR DEPARTMENT CLERKS.
passage of the act of July, 1864, and eser since Mr. SHERMAN. I am directed by the
izens of the counties of Berkeley and Jefferson, the passage of that act, these two counties have
in the State of West Virginia ; which was read Committee on Finance to report a bill to reor
been as much a part of the State of West Virtwice by its title. ganize the clerical force of the Department of
ginia as any other counties within its limits.
Mr. WILLEY. With the indulgence of the the Interior, and for other purposes. This bill
We feel somewhat aggrieved that this discrimSenate, I desire to make a remark or two in was framed by the Interior Department, and
ination should be made against then. There the Committee on Finance are of opinion that
reference to this resolution ; but before doing are not many claimants in these two counties ; they ought not to consider it, because it does
so, with the permission of the Senate, I ask and fearing that the bill referred to by the
for the reading of the resolution-at large. not fall within their appropriate duties, but that
Senator from Illinois might, perhaps, lead to
The Secretary read the joint resolution, as they thought the subject was of suflicient impor
some extended discussion and to some delay, follows: tance to have the matter referred to a select
I have thought it proper to introduce this res
Resolved, dic.. That the second and third sections committee to be composed of the chairmen or
olution, supposing that there would be no of the act entitled “An act to restrict the jurisdicrepresentatives of the various committees of tion of the Court of Claims and to provide for the
objection to it, inasmuch as it simply places this body having charge of the respective bu- payment of certain demands for quartermasters'
these two counties on an equal footing with all stores and subsistence supplies furnished to the Army reaus of the Interior Department. . If such be
the other counties of the State ; and if there be of the United States," approved July 4, 1861, be, and the pleasure of the Senate, I ask that the bill the same are hereby, made applicable to, and shall
no objection I would be glad if the Senate be read twice, and referred to a select com- include, claims of loyal citizens of the counties of
would take up the resolution and consider it mittee. Berkeley and Jefferson, in the State of West Vir
I have stated all that there is in the ginia. The bill (S. No. 282) to reorganize the cler
joint resolution. It seems to me there can ical force of the Department of the Interior,
Mr. WILLEY. The second section of the be no earthly objection to it; and therefore and for other purposes, was read twice by its
act of July 4, 1864, referred to in this resolu- I should be glad if the Senate would put the title. tion, is in these words:
resolution on its passage now. SIIERMAN. I move that this bill be “SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That all claims
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senreferred to a select committee of five members; of loyal citizens, in States not in rebellion, for quar
ator from West Virginia asks for the present termaster's stores actually furnished to the Army and I make the suggestion, simply on behalf of
consideration of the resolution introduced by of the United States and receipted for by the proper the Committee on linance, that the select com- oflicer receiving the same, or which inay have been
him. Is there any objection? No objection mittee be composed of the chairmen of the taken by such officer without giving such receipt, being made, the resolution is before the Senate
may be submitted to the Quartermaster General of several Committees on Indian Affairs, Public
as in Committee of the Whole. the United States, accompanied with such proofs as Lands, Pensions, Patents, and Printing. These
Mr. WILSON. The resolution is very brief, each claimant can present of the facts in his case; subjects are all referred to in the bill. and it shall be the duty of the Quartermaster Gen
and I should like to hear it read again. eral to cause such claim to be examined, and if The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved
The Secretary read it. convinced that it is just and of the loyalty of the that the bill be referred to a select committee claimant and that the stores have been actually
Mr. TRUMBULL. Is that resolution inconsisting of the gentlemen named by the Sen
received or taken for the use of and used by said tended to be put upon its passage? It has not
Ariny, then to report each case to the Third Auator from Ohio.
been referred to any committee. Has it come ditor of the Treasury with a recominendation for
from a committee? The motion was agreed to; and Messrs. Doo- settlement." LITTLE, POMEROY, ANTHONY, LANE of Indiana,
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It has not.
The third section refers to subsistence supand Cowan, constitute the select committee.
Mr. TRUMBULL. I think such a resoluplies, and is of like tenor with the second sec
tion ought not to pass without consideration. PRINTING APPROPRIATIONS. tion, referring them for proof to the Commis
This whole subject has been carefully considMr. SHERMAN. The Committee on Fisary General of Subsistence. It seems that
ered during the present session ; and the law nance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. the quartermaster's department, for some
to which reference has been made, the law of No. 500) making appropriations to supply cause unknown to me, have excluded the
1861, I think, has been somewhat modified in deficiency in the appropriation for the public counties of Berkeley and Jefferson from the
the bill which has been reported, and which printing for the fiscal year ending June 30, operation of these two sections of the act
is now pending before the Senate, and will of 1864. 1866, have instructed me to report it back
embrace this case. I do not think we ought without amendment, and as we are informed
Mr. TRUMBULL. If the Senator from
to act on a resolution opening the door for the by the gentleman at the head of the Printing West Virginia will allow me, I will state that allowance of claims any wider than it was Bureau that the money is immediately needed this subject has been before the Committee
opened by the previous act, until we consider to pay current expenses of public printing, I on the Judiciary, and a bill has been reported
the whole subject, as we shall do in the bill of ask for the present consideration of the bill. from that committee, and is now pending in which the Senator from Vermont (Mr. POLAND]
By unanimous consent, the bill was consid- the Senate, recommending the extension of has charge, and which will be called up at an ered as in Committee of the Whole.
the provisions of the act which he has just early day. If this joint resolution passes, It appropriates, to supply deficiencies for the read to loyal persons in all portions of the another joint resolution may be offered to-morfiscal year ending June 30, 1866, for the public United States. I apprehend that would cover row to embrace some other county, and another printing, $115,000; for paper for the public print
the object which the Senator has in view. the next day to embrace some other county, ing, $450,000 ; for the public binding, $95,000. Perhaps that bill has escaped his notice. It and another the next day. This joint resoluIt also proposes to empower the Superintend- is on the table, and it is the intention of the tion has not been considered by any commitent of the Public Printing to employ an addi
committee to call it up at the very first oppor- tee, and I trust it will not be pressed to a vote tional clerk, of class four. tunity.
at the present time. It has not even been The bill was reported to the Senate, ordered Mr. WILLEY. I was aware of the bill re- printed. I move that the pending resolution to a third reading, read the third time, and ferred to by the Senator from Illinois. That be referred to the Committee on Claims. passed.
bill embraces loyal citizens throughout the Mr. WILLEY. It seems to me that the honentire South, and will perhaps lead to some orable Senator from Illinois could hardly have discussion and some delay. The resolution
The A message from the House of Representa
looked at the case as it actually exists. tives, by Mr. Lloyd, Chief Clerk, announced
which I now offer is confined in its operations act to which he refers is dated July 4, 1861. that the House had passed a joint resolution exclusively to the counties of Berkeley and West Virginia became a State on the 20th day (H. R. No. 116) to prevent the introduction | Jefferson, in the State of West Virginia. Allow of June, 1863. The act of July 4, 1861, proof the cholera into the ports of the United
me to state, Mr. President, that the people of vides for claims of loyal citizens in States not
West Virginia feel somewhat chagrined that a in rebellion. States, in which the concurrence of the Senate
At the time of the passage of was requested.
part of her territory, the counties of Berkeley | the act of the 4th of July, 1864, these two coun
and Jefferson, as much a part of her territory | ties were within a loyal State, and ihe claims ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED,
as any other counties in the State, the loyal of loyal citizens in the remainder of the counThe message further announced that the
State of West Virginia, should have been ex- ties in that State have met with no difficulty Speaker of the House of Representatives had cluded by one of the subordinate departments at the Department. It seems to me an unjust signed the following enrolled bills; which were of the Government from the operation of the and offensive discrimination against the loyal thereupon signed by the President pro tem- act of July, 1864. Why these two counties are citizens of two counties of the State, that their pore:
excluded I cannot understand. Why a part of claims should not be heard, while the claims A bill (S. No. 146) for the relief of Thomas a loyal State should be excluded and another part of the loyal citizens of the other counties in the F. Wilson, late United States consul at Bahia, allowed to be brought within the operation of State have been adjusted without any difficulty. Brazil;
this act, I cannot understand. Every other West Virginia became a State on the 20th of A bill (H. R. No. 472) for the relief of department of the Government has recognized | June, 1862 ; this law was passed July 4, 1864, George R. Frank, late captain thirty-third | these two counties as belonging to West Vir- more than a year afterwards, so that these two regimen, Wisconsin volunteer infantry; and Ilginia, as a part of the territory of that loyal cornties riere in point of fact a part of the
MESSAGE FROM TIE HOUSE.