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JOUN K. IIICKEY.
JOHN T. JONES,
TERRITORIAL ORGANIC ACTS,
PAY DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.
ined and found truly enrolled House bill No. Mr. HALE. I move to amend section nineThe next business on the Speaker's table was 472, for the relief of George R. Frank, late teen by striking out the concluding sentence, as Senate amendments to the bill (H R. No. 197) | captain thirty-third regiment Wisconsin volun- follows: entitled “An act to provide for the better or- teer infantry; when the Speaker signed the And hereafter no graduate of the United States
Military Academy, being at the time in the Army of ganization of the pay department of the Nary;"!
the United States, or having been therein at any time wbich were referred to the Committee on Naval
for three years next preceding, snall be eligible to Affairs.
Mr. WRIGHT, by unanimous consent, intro
appointment as an officer in the subsistence departRAILROAD TO TRAVERSE BAY, MICHIGAN. duced a bill for the relief of John K. Hickey; The next business on the Speaker's table was which was read a first and second time, and
I do not propose to spend much time on this a bill (S. No. 213) entitled "An act to extend referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
proposition, nor do I propose to go into any
discussion as to the character of the Military the time for the reversion to the United States
JACOB P. LEESE.
Academy at West Point, the desert of its gradof the lands granted by Congress to aid in the construction of a railroad from Amboy, by of the House to introduce a joint resolutionem nates of the merits of those officers who are
not graduates. But I submit that this clause Hillsdale and Lansing, to some point on or relation to the claim of Jacob P. Leese, and to of the section which I have moved to strike near Traverse bay, in the State of Michigan;' put it on its passage now.
out does put an unjust and improper distincwhich was read a first and second time, and Mr. FARNSWORTH. I object to the joint || tion in this bill against graduates of the Milireferred to the Committee on Public Lands. resolution being acted on now.
The joint resolution was read a first and sec- Now, I certainly have no desire to bestow The next business on the Speaker's table
ond tiine, and referred to the Comunittee of praise upon the graduates of that institution at was a bill (S. No. 122) entitled “An act for Claims.
the expense of oflicers who are now graduates. the relief of John T. Jones, an Ottawa Indian,
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to have no desire to claim any undue or unreafor depredations committed by white persons
reconsider the vote by which the joint resolu- sonable merit for the graduates of West Point;
tion was referred; and also moved that the upon his property in Kansas Territory; which
but I think we shall all agree that during the was read a first and second time, and referred
motion to reconsider be laid upon the table. war we have just passed through, not only the to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
The latter motion was agreed to.
oflicers who have gone into the Army froin TERRITORIAL BUSINESS.
civil life, not only the rank and file of our ELISIA W. DUNN. The next business on the Speaker's table
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, ter
troops, but the officers who are graduates of was a bill (S. No. 202) entitled "An act for the ritorial business was postponed to Thursday of
West Point, at least, as well, have all comrelief of Elisha W. Dunn, a paymaster in the this week. I have been so unwell as to be
mended themselves most highly to the favor
able consideration of the country. United States Nary;'' which was read a first
unable to attend the sittings of the House or and second time, and referred to the Committhe committee. I ask, therefore, that Thurs
A great deal has been said about the necestee on N val Affairs.
day of next week, during the morning hour, I sity of a West Point education for men to buy be set apart for reports from the Committee biscuit
. I do not think it is a question of neWESTERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. on Territories.
cessity. I do not think it is a question as to The next business on the Speaker's table There was no objection, and it was so ordered.
whether an education itself at West Point shall was a joint resolution (S. R. No. 01) to extend
be required for this department. But this the time for the construction of the first section
department does afford one of those sources of the Western Pacific railroad; which was read
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio, by unanimous con- of promotion, one of those rewards of merit, a first and second time, and referred to the
sent, introduced a bill to amend the organic which certainly ought to be open to every deCoinmittee on the Pacific Railroad.
acts of the Territories of Nebraska, Colorado, || serving man in the Army. It is in itself but a
Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Ari- trifle, it is true. Probably in the ordinary WRECK OF TIIE SAN FRANCISCO.
zona, Utah, and New Mexico; which was read course of vacancies that shall occur in this deThe next business on the Speaker's table a first and second time, and referred to the partment there will not average two appointwas joint resolution (S. R. No.31) manifesting Committee on Territories.
ments a year; but I am entirely unwilling, as the sense of Congress toward the officers and
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CIIURCII.
a matter of principle, to say that in military seamen of the vessels, and others engaged in
The SPEAKER laid before the House thie
offices, in offices requiring military knowledge the rescue of the officers and soldiers of the Ariny, the passengers, and the officers and
report of the New York East Annual Confer- or military education to administer successfully, ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church ; which
as I claim these places in the subsistence decrew of the steamship San Francisco from perishing with the wreck of that vessel; which was laid upon the table, and ordered to be
partment do require to a large extent-I am
entirely unwilling that any one of these should was read a first and second time, and referred printed.
be closed against officers of the Army of any to the Committee on Commerce.
character whatever. PORTAGE LAKE SIIIP-CANAL.
Mr. LAFLIN, by unanimous consent, sub- In the present organization of this depart
mitted the following resolution ; which was The next business on the Speaker's table
ment, the organization as it existed during the was a bill (S. No. 193) entitled “An act grant- | Printing : referred, under the law, to the Committee on whole of the war of the rebellion, or during
the most of it at least, the head of the departing lands to the State of Michigan to aid in the
Resolved, That there be printed of the message of construction of a harbor and ship-canal at
ment is and has been a graduate of West Point. the President of the United States and the accompaPortage Lake, Keweenaw Point, Lake Supe- nying documents on the subject of Mexico the samo
As to the efficiency, ability, and integrity with rior, in said State;" which was read a first number as is now provided by law for the printing
which he has managed the affairs of that deof the general diplomatic correspondence. and second time, and referred to the Commit
partment I think there is no question whattee on Public Lands.
REORGANIZATION OF TIIE ARJY.
ever. Other gentlemen connected with the de. GRANT OF LANDS TO NEVADA. The House resumed the consideration of the partment have distinguished themselves by their
administration of its business. Others who are bill (H. R. No. 361) entitled "An act to reorThe next business upon the Speaker's table ganize and establish the Army of the United graduates of West Point have acquired in the was Senate bill No. 215, concerning certain lauds granted to the State of Nevada ; which States;' the pending question being on the
service of this bureau no less distinction, no motion that its further consideration be post
less good repute among all who are familiar was read a first and second time, and referred poned to the first Monday of December next.
with their operations, than has been acquired to the Committee on Public Lands.
Mr. NIBLACK. I am satisfied, after con
by themselves and others in the field. And WILLIAJI PIERCE, ference with some friends, that the motion to
many of those who are oificers of West Point
now in this department have distinguished The next business upon the Speaker's table postpone would not be a fair test, and that it was Senate bill No. 231, for the relief of Wilwould be more respectful to the committee to
themselves greatly in the field before receiving liain Pierce; which was read a first and sec- allow them to perfect their bill first. I there
their appointment as well as on detailed service ond time, and refcrred to the Committee of fore withdraw the motion to postpone.
while they have held their commissions here.
I submit that there is no sufficient reason Claims.
The question then recurred on Mr. Schenck's amendment, as follows:
why this clause should be retained in this bill,
standing, as it were, as a sort of stigma upon Add: The next business upon the Speaker's table But nothing in this section shall be construcd so as
West Point, a mark of exclusion of officers was Senate bill No. 276, for the relief of Mrs. to vacate the commission of the Commissary General from a certain line of promotion in the Army. Jerusha Witter; which was read a first and of Subsistence, but only to change the title of that
I can see no reason why we should not equally oficer to Cominissary General; norto vacate thecomsecond time, and referred to the Committee of mission of any ofiicer now commissioned as assistant
exclude them from the Quartermaster GenClaims.
commissary general of subsistence or commissary of eral's department. Indeed the chairman of the Mr. WASIIBURNE, of Illinois, moved to subsistence, but only to change the title to commis
committee, I understand, substantially admits sary in the cases of those who rank as lieutenant colreconsider the vote by which the bills were onels, majors, and captains, without affecting in any
it. The truth is, both these departments reseverally referred; and also moved that the way their relative position or the time from which quire not merely business capacity, but they motion to reconsider be laid upon the table. they take such rank.
also involve in no small degree full and accu. The latter motion was agreed to.
Mr. SCHENCK. I demand the previous rate knowledge of military organization, of milquestion on the amendment.
itary law, and of the theory upon which the ENROLLED BILL SIGNED.
The previous question was seconded and the system of our Army organization is based. I Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee main question ordered ; and under the opera- certainly hope that the chairman of the Comon Enrolled Bills, reported that they had exam- tion thereof the amendment was agreed to. mittee on Military Affairs will consent that this
MRS. JERUSHA WITTER.
clause of the section be stricken out, ora that of this section, that its effect would be precisely hundred and twenty, loyal to the Government the House, in any event, will unite in saying what I allege it would be. Could anything be which educated them. that it ought not to be retained.
plainer than this, when you say that hereafter I think this is a comment upon West Point Mr. BLAINE. I do not rise to debate the no graduate of the United States Military and the regular Army which the gentleman pending question, but for the purpose of mak Academy" shall be eligible to appointment as from Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK| certainly ought to ing a correction in the Globe report of the pro- an oflicer in the subsistence department? Sup- consider before he undertakes to create invidiceedings of Friday last, since which time I have pose a major, for instance, in that department ous distinctions against them. been detained from the House by sickness. I should be appointed hereafter a lieutenant col- Sir, of the six hundred and twenty-three am reported in the Globe as saying that the onel or a colonel by way of promotion, would officers who remained loyal, one hundred and
'longevity ration applies only to the infantry not that be an appointment in the subsistence thirty-eight were from the South, being nearly branch of the service." What I did say was department? Does he not have to be appointed one half of the number of the graduates from that the longevity ration applies from the in- by the President of the United States? Is it the South; a triumphant answer to the charge stant an oflicer is commissioned in the service, not necessary to send his nomination to the that West Point is a nursery of treason. I do without regard to change of corps or title.'' Senate and must he not be confirmed by that not believe that any department of the Gov. I was replying at the time to a remark of the body? Why, every one will see that an ap- ernment furnished so large a proportion of gentleman from New York [Mr. DAVIS) who | pointment by way of promotion to fill a vacancy southern men who adhered to the Union as maintained that the proposed change of titles is just as much an appointment as an original the regular Army and West Point. in the quartermaster's department would de- || appointment; and that when the language of There is another fact which is quite signifiprive the officers affected of their right to lon- the section excludes all graduates of West cant. Out of over two hundred oflicers apgevity rations.
Point from receiving any appointment in the pointed to the Army from the South and froin One word further on another point. Yester- future in the subsistence department, it cuts civil life, not graduates of West Point, there day the honorable chairman of the Military off absolutely from promotion every oflicer in were scarcely half a dozen who did not prove Coinmittee (Mr. SCHENCK] intimated that I that department who was a graduate of that false to their
allegiance. Assuredly this proves had procured the amendment giving advanced institution.
that the influence of West Point, and of the rank' in the Adjutant General's department I will not take up the time of the House by education which it affords, has not been unfabecause it would promote some of my friends. any further remarks upon that point. I do vorable to loyal feeling. Out of eight hundred The friends of mine that would thus be
pro- not think that any gentleman who will care- and twenty graduates in the Army at the commoted are the friends of every member of Con- fully examine the provision can disagree with mencement of the war, only one hundred and gress who has had business at the War Depart- me in opinion upon this point; but as the gen- ninety-seven left the Army and joined the conment, and in no other sense. I have no kins- tleman from Ohio [Mr. Schenck] expresses his federate forces. While out of those appointed man or constituent or old acquaintance to be willingness that the language of the section from the South from civil life, less than half helped or hindered by the amendment. I count shall be modified so as to prevent that result, a dozen remained lovai. many of the officers of the Adjutant General's I will offer such a modification.
Take the other Departments of the Governdepartment my friends, and I am proud to do Mr. WOODBRIDGE. I had occasion yes- ment, even the heads of the Departments, the so, but I was actuated solely by a desire to terday to make a few remarks in vindication judges of the Supreme Court, members of the promote the interests of the public service in of West Point. And as this is the first feature Senate and members of the House, and comproenring advanced rank for that department. in the bill which would seem to create invid- pare their record with that which West Point I desire to say nothing more on the subject. ious distinctions against the graduates of that has produced, and I assure you it will be found
Mr, THAYER. I desire to ask the chair- institution, I desire to lay before the House a that the loyalty of West Point men far exceeded man of the Committee on Military Affairs a little information respecting the institution, the loyalty of those occupying high positions question in reference to this section, if he will which I have collected since the adjournment under the Government. give me his attention. There are now, I be- on yesterday.
Mr. GRINNELL. I should like to ask my liere, twenty-nine officers on this staff corps, We all recollect that before the Mexican war friend whether there is not a difference between of whom twenty-four are graduates of West there was very great opposition to the Acad- the position of those who have been educated Point, and five are not. The last clause of the emy.
But the success in the Mexican war of at Government expense and who have taken section, which the gentleman from New York the officers graduating there rather quieted the solemn oaths to support the Coustitution, and [Mr. HALE] moves to strike out, declares that feeling.
civilians who were under no such obligation; Hereafter no graduate of the United States Mili- We have been told that the Academy at West || and whether the gentleman's argument is not tary Academy, being at the time in the Army of the Point was a place where the sons of rich men weak in overlooking this distinction. United States, or having been therein at any time for three years next preceding, shall be eligible to
were educated. I know that from an examina- Mr. WOODBRIDGE. No, sir; it is strong. appointment as an officer in the subsistence depart- tion made at the time it was found that a large || I contend that when a man becomes a citizen
majority of those appointed to West Point were of the Government and takes an oath to supNow, the question which I ask the gentle- from the medium walks of life. We were told, port the Constitution and laws of that Governman is this: whether if a vacancy occurs in this also, that favoritism was shown there, and yet inent, there is no palliation under which he department among any of these officers, the I know that upon one occasion the son of the may shield himself when he departs from the whole of the twenty-four officers who are grad- then General-in-Chief of the armies of the obligations of his oath. And although it may uates of West Point, and who are now in this United States was dismissed from the institu- be said that it is more ungrateful in a graduate department, are to be excluded from being || tion, and the son of the tailor who furnished of West Point, having received an education appointed to fill that vacancy; in other words, the uniforms for the young men graduated at at the expense of the Government, to prove whether they are not totally shut out from pro- the head of his class.
untrue, than it would be for a man appointed motion as vacancies occur, and whether pro- But recently we have been told, in one of the from civil life, the facts show that the gradmotion in the future is not, by the terms of this prominent journals of the country, that the uates of West Point do feel this gratitude ; for prohibition, confined to the five gentlemen in officers at West Point were a knot of lazy pen- of those froin the South appointed from civil life thie department who are not graduates of West sioners, and officers who decline to fight except scarce one remained true, wbile of those eduPoint?
in a gentlemanly manner, I have a statement cated at public expense, more than three fourths I will yield for a moment to the chairman of showing what was done by the officers of the of all remained loyal to their ilag, and more the committee to answer that question, for I | regular Army during the late war.
than half of them were either killed or wounded wish to have his views upon that point.
When the war began there were about twelve in the course of the war. Mr. SCIIENCK. I have not the slightest | hundred officers in the regular Army, but of I think this shows conclusively that the idea that that would be the effect of the sec. that number one hundred and eighty-one were teachings of that institution are in favor of tion; certainly that was not the intention of left dead upon the field of battle, and nearly loyalty, exciting a love of country which, durthe committee in framing the bill. I suppose five hundred were wounded; or more than one ing the rebellion, has indicated itself; and here, that in making appointments to the subsist- half of all the officers of the regular Army were in my judgment, is an additional reason why ence departments they would be made as either killed or wounded in the various battles the institution should be sustained, and that before, under any fair construction of this bill; of the war. I consider that rather hard fighting there should be no invidious distinctions against but if the gentleman has any doubt about it, I than gentlemanly fighting; I consider the result its gradnates. shall be very glad of any suggestion of phrase- an indication of bravery, of skill, of love of Mr. THAYER. I move to amend by inology which will accomplish the object the || profession, and love of country, rather than serting after the word “department' in line committee has in view more perfectly than it otherwise.
twenty-three, the following: is, perhaps, accomplished by this section. At the commencement of the war there were But this provision shall not extend to graduates of
Nr. THAYER. ' I will avail myself of the among the officers of the regular Army eight | West Point now in the subsistence department. offer made by the gentleman from Ohio by sug- hundred and twenty who were graduates of Mr. SCHENCK. I have no objection to gesting a modification which will prevent that West Point. Under the law distributing the that whatever. result. I never had a stronger conviction upon appointments to the Military Academy, the Mr. TAYLOR. I would like to suggest to any question of law than that which I have in South, of course, had its proportion; and hence the distinguished chairman of the Committee reference to this, and I ask the attention of the a large number of the graduates were from the on Military Affairs another modification of this lawyers of the House to the phraseology of South. Out of the eight hundred and twenty, section. Í suggest that there should be added this prohibition. I undertake to say that no only one hundred and ninety-seven resigned at the end of the section the words “ unless lawyer in the House will dispute the point, and entered the confederate service, leaving disqualified by reason of wounds received while after a careful examination of the phraseology Il six hundred and twenty-three out of the eight in the line of his duty.” There are, I have no
doubt, many oficers who. by reason of wounds, be made up of men who have been educated origin as being more or less exalted or lumble. are disqualified for active field service, but whó at the public expense for other purposes. That Why that is brought in I do not understaud; can yei perform the duties of commissaries as is the whole case.
nor why a comparison should be made between well as any others.
Suppose the Army Register showed you could the son of a protessor there and the son of a Dir. SCIENCK. For reasons woich I will not get a chaplain in unless educated at West tailor. I believe in these latter days it is not assign if the amendment be moved, I cannot Point, that you could ..o get a surgeon in un. considered a thing otherwise than to be boasted consent to that.
less, in addition to his knowledge as a surgeon, of to have been connected wi:la that honorable The SPEIKER. The motion would not be you superadded graduation at West Point, profession--a tailor. [Langhier. ! We are not in order now.
would not Congress feel itself authorized to to be drawn aside into any such digression. Mr. TAYLOR. I simply desired to throw intervene and say by law this is not what we I repeat that the whole of this matter is in a out the suggestion.
educated these gentlemen for? Therefore I || nutshell. We educate these men at the pub. Mr. TILAYER. I demand the previous ques. repeat what I aid yesterday, just in proportion | lic cost. We have places enough for them in tion on my amendment.
as gentlemen say graduates of West Point are the Engineer corps, in the cavalry, in the in. The previous question was seconded and the good engineers, capable artillerists, excellent || fantry, in the bureaus, and in the different main question ordered: and under the opera infantrymen, gallant and skillful cavalrymen, staff departments, and we say to them, as the tion thereof the amendment of Mr. THAYER just in proportion as we have educated them peculiar education which we give you was inwas agreed to.
for occupation in these particular branches of tended to quelity you for these places, if you The question recurred on the motion of Mr. real war, we say that it is not unreasonable in will insist upon finding your way into other HALE to strike out the last sentence of the sec- 11s to expect they shall contine themselves to places not regniring this peculiar kind of knowl. tion as prinird. that for which we educated them.
edge, and it ihose who have the management Mr. SCIENCK. I desire to submit a few I will not be drawn off into the comparative of affuirs will indulge you in getting thesc places, remarks in reply to the gentleman from New merits and demerits of West Point cadets or we will cut off all possibility by law and bold York, [.Vír. IIALE.) It seems to ine that gen. West Point graduates. There might be a great you to your calling as military men, peculiar tlemen in their eulogies upon West Point and deal answered to what has been said on that || and special, for which you were educated at upon those who have had the honor to be subject. All comparisons are odions, and very the public expense: graduates of the Military Academy, run away often, if they comprise allusions to a whole The question being taken on the amendment entirely from the issue which is presented, or class of men, they are as unjust and ungenerous of Mr. Hale, no quorum voted. which at least it is desired shall be presented as they are odioas.
The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. DATE3) to this llouse by the provisions contained in No man has a higher idea for the purposes ordered tellers; and appointed Messrs. Hale the section as reported by the Comınittee on of war of the military knowledge acquired in and SchEXCK. Military Affairs. Gentlemen say it is a dis- this military school tban I have, but it does not The House divided; and the tellers reported crimination against graduates of the United foilow from that we must therefore give to the -ayes 23, nocs 72. States Military Academy to provide that they gentlemen who have these qualifications, and So the amendinent was not agreed to. shall not be eligible to selections for otlice in who have corresponding good qualities of mind Mr. HALE. I move an amnendment to sec. the subsistence department. Now, there is and character and courage and integrity in the tion nineteen, which will, I think, commend another light in which that may be viewed; general, all the places, as well those which re- itself both to the chairman of the committee and I inay here repeat, without rearguing it, a quire no such military education as those which and the House. I move to strike out from proposition which I stated yesterday.
do. It is unjust. It is not part of the con- and including the word “reducing" to and Skill in the art of war, thorough instruction tract.
including the word "ten," and to insert in lieu in military science, such as is obtained at a But when gentlemen would speak of West thereof the following: national school like that we have established Point they had better speak of it with bated In the grade of captain, no other officer of that at West Point, is not necessary to make a com- breath, even on this question of remarkable
grade shall be appointed until the number of cap
tains shall be reduced to ten, and thereafter the nupetent officer of subsistence. So far is this | loyalty. I admit the great body of the grad
ber of captains in that department shall be limited from being the case that any man from civil uates of West Point, when
he trial came,
to such reduced number. life, having good business habits and character, espoused the cause of the country and fought So that the clause will read: accustomed to trade and to make contracts, under the flag under which they had received But after the first appointments made under tho understanding something about the ordinary their education, but I do not so much wonder provisions of this seciion, as vacancies may occur affairs relating to the subjects of those contracts, they generally did that, as I abominate, despise,
in the grade of captain, no otber officer of that grado
shall be appointed until the number of captains bail is likely to be quite as well, if not better, qual | and denounce the infernal and damnable spirit be reduced to ton, and therefter the number of capified than a man who has turned his attention of those who committed double perjury, going tains in that department shall be limited to such exclusively to the acquiring of technical knowl- off to the enemy after they had thuis been
reduced number. edge in the particular line of war. educated. I draw the distinction that my friend
I understand the chairman of the committee I lay that down as a proposition from which from lowa [Mr. GRINXELL) drew. I say if
to make no objection to this amendinent. all the rest follows. civilians, if civil officers, if men in the ordi
Mr. SCHENCK. I do not assent to it. If Now, sir, how do these gentlemen get this nary walks of life, subjected to the political
you will say nothing upon it I will say nothing, information? It is afforded to them at the influences which surrounded them, with mis.
and you may move the previous question. expense of the Government. It is education taken ideas mixed up with this heresy of seces
Mr. HALE. Very well. I move the pregiven by the Government to those who, under sion, went off to the South and fought against
vious question. the law, receive the appointments to West their Government, that is more easily to be
The previous question was seconded and Point. The Government which gives ecluca | acconnted for than that men, educated under the main question ordered ; and the question tion has the right to impose what conditions it the flag of the country and at its expense,
being put on agreeing to the amendment, no will as among the terms upon which that edu- enjoying its emoluments and honors and under
quorum voted. cation shall be conferred. Is it unreasonable to the obbgation to defend that tlaş, should have
The SPEAKER pro tempore ordered tellers; say to those genilemen, when we give them a committed a double perjury, such as Robert E. and appointed Messrs. Hale, and Harding of four years' education, at great cost, at a pul). | Lee and others did when they deserted that
Illinois. lic institution maintained from the Treasury | flag. A good niany of them who remained
The House divided; and the tellers reported of the country for the purpose of instructing | loval, as it is termed, my friend from Vermont -ayes 35, noes 61. them in all that relates to the technical knowl. will himself admit manifested only a qualified,
So the amendment was rejected. edge of war, they shall not throw all that moderate, and temperate sort of loyalty.
The question recurred on the amendment of away by going into a situation which requires Now, I do not say this in general disparage
Mr. WOODBRIDGE, to strike out the whole of no such technical knowledge? ment of West Point. I would repel any attack
section nineteen, and iusert in lieu thereof the Why did we propose to put this condition in upon the Military Academy or its graduates, | following: the bill in regard to the subsistence depart- as if they had generally shown a lukewarmness That tho subsistence department of the Army shall ment? Because experience has proved there in the great cause of the country. But while
hereafter consist of the officers now authorized by law, is an evil in that department to be cured. If || I make that admission, I do not believe, on the
namely, one commissary general of subsistence, with
the rank, pay, and emoluments of a brigadier genyou take the Army Register prior to the war, other hand, in any of these comparisons, any of
eral; two assistant coinnissary generals, with tho never but one man was appointed who was these allusions, which would seem to uphold
rank, pay, and emoluments of colonel of cavalry; two
assistant cominissary generals, with the rank, pay, not educated at the United States Military | the idea that West Point, above all other insti- and emoluments of lieutenant colonel of cavalry; Academy, and he only from happening to be tutions, had sent forth inen who had particu- cight coinmissaries, with the rank, pay, and emolu. sor of the chief of the department. After the larly signalized themselves as being peculiarly
inents of majors of cavalry; and sixteen commissa
ries, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of captains war began, up to 1863, but a single appoint- devoted to the country which had protected, cavalry. ment not froin graduates of West Point, and nourished, educated, and provided for them. The question being taken on agreeing to the including 18:3. only some three or four. On Buit, sir, all this, I repeat, is out ofthe question. ) amendment, there were-ayes 28, noes 64, the the contrary, gentlemen graduating, it is to be It is no part of it. The question presented really Speaker pro tempore voting in the affirmative presumed, reasonably high in their class, for by the committee when they proposed that as
to make a quorum. we find them in he artillery branch of the ser- a feature of the bill, is one of the simplest pos. So the anendment was not agreed to. vice, have been again and again appointed to sible to be conceived. It does not involve any The twentieth section was then read, as the subsistence departinent. Congress here inquiry into the comparative fairness or unfair. | follows: intervencs and declares by law that hereafter ness exercised toward men who are graduates
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That the Provost it will be expected the department shall not or cadets at West Point, in reterence to their || Marshal's Bureau shall hercufter consist of a provost
marshalgeneral, with the rank, pay, and emoluments ended, and it should be buried out of sight. tide of fraud were removed without warning, of a brigadier general; and one assistant provost mar- The communication in my hand shows that if and the whole machinery of the Government shai gcueral, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a colonel of cavalry; and all matters relating to the
reëstablished now for the purpose of superin- was subjected to miscreants and robbers. recruitment of the Army and the arrest of deserters tending recruiting for the regular Army-and it Communities petitioned and remonstrated in shall be placed under the direction and control of this
can be applied to no other purpose--the expense bureau, under such regulations as the Secretary of
vain. The most palpable wrongs were refused War inay prescribe.
of the recruiting service will be largely in- redress. .Men immeasurably the superiors of Nr. CONKLING. I move to strike out
creased, that no greater efticiency will be at- General Fry represented and protested, but section twenty of the bill. My objection to
tained, that a necessity will be created for dupli- || they were spurned with magnificent disdain. this section is that it creates an unnecessary
cating records, for a new supply of apartments, Never was the insolence of officer more office for an undeserving public servant; it
of clerks, of agents; in short, of the various offensively portrayed than it was by this man fastens as an incubus upon the country a hate- arrangements connected with recruiting, and whom it is proposed to decorate and enrich. ful instrument of war, which deserve no place that absolutely no good result can be accom- If there was no design at hea:lquarters to in a free Government in time of peace. plished by it..
do wrong there was a capacity to muddle, to I have never heard any very serious attempt
I state it thus strongly and briefly, and I befog, to misunderstand facts, and to misread to justify by argument the permanent continu
will cause the details to be read if the reading | and misstate figures and simple results, which ance of an officer whose administration during shall be called for hereafter.
is nearly inconceivable. the war has had in it so little to commend and
There is one thing-I know of but one-for I was employed by the Government to prosso much to condemn. But I have heard an
this bureau to do before leaving the public ecute some of the frauds to which I have reeffort made to prove the propriety of this sec;
presence, and that is to close its accounts, so ferred ; and I tried this assistant provost martion by charging it to the Lieutenant General
as to allow the War Department and the coun- shal general, who had been justified in all the of the Army, and by saying that he had found
try to know precisely what has become of the outrages he committed and in all the acts by a necessity for continuing, in time of peace,
twenty-five million and odd dollars which, un: which millions were stolen from the people of the Bureau of the Provost Marshal General.
der the act of March 13, 1862, went to its credit. New York; who was justified by his superior In order that the House may see how true this
Sixteen million and some odd dollars have been officer down to the time when the sentence was allegation is, I send to the Clerk's desk and ask expended, and nine million and odd dollars published, and afterward, I understand. He To have read copies of letters which have been
remain as a balance to the credit of the fund; was accused and convicted of the basest forms furnished to me, the first a letter addressed to
and whenever the bureau will close its accounts, of oflicial atrocity; the most monstrous acts of the Lieutenant General by a Senator of the
or will enable them to be closed, as they never bribery, oppression, and wrong were charged United States.
will be until the bureau is wound up, it will against him and proved against him. And The Clerk read, as follows: perform its sole remaining function.
although he disgorged some two hundred thou-
the time has come when the whole system of the other day he purchased in the city of PhilGENERAL: The Ilouse bill for the organization of provost marshals should be numbered with the adelphia an establishment for which he paid the Army contains a provision creating a permanent grievous memories of a bloody and terrible down $71,000. He was utterly poor when he Prorost Marshal's Bureau, with a brigadier general at iis head; also placing the recruiting service in its epoch.
entered this bureau; and yet, atter all he charge.
But there are yet other grounds of objection. yielded up, and after paying a fine of $10,000, It has been unofficially reported to me that this
I protest against any promotion or reward for it seems that still he is rich. was done in consequence of a rocommendation of yours to that effect.
the officer whose interests are involved in this And this was not an isolated case; far from I should be pleased to know if such is the case, as section. He holds already the rank of lieuten- it. On the contrary, I say, and I may enI had labored under the impression from conversa- ant colonel in the staff department. Indeed, deavor on a future occasion to show in detail, tion with officers of the Ariny that such a step was Dot a judicious one and tendců only to increase the
by accident, if the pending bill shall pass, he that there never has been in human history a number of bureaus and officers of the Army with an will be elevated to yet a higher grade; but as greater mockery and a greater burlesque upon inercase of expenditure without any corresponding he stands now, his pay amounts to $3,500, or honest administration than the conduct of this efficiency or benefit If my impressions are erroncous I would like to
thereabouts. I think that, for the present, is bureau, taking the whole country together. It have them corrected.
enough for him. He has suffered nothing and will turn out that of the seven or eight hundred I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. W. NESMITH.
lost nothing in war that I ever heard of, and I thousand men for whom, not to whom, because Lieutenant General U.S. GRANT, &c.
protest, in the namo of my people and in the they did not get them, enormons bounties Mr. CONKLING. I now send the answer
name of the people of the western division of were paid, not to exceed three hundred thou. of the Lieutenant General.
New York, against perpetuating a power under sand, I believe not two hundred thousand, The Clerk read, as follows:
wliich they have suffered, beyond the capacity ever reached the front. WASHINGTOX, D. C., March 19, 1866.
of any man adequately to state in the time (Here the hammer fell.] DEAR Sır: Yours of the 17th instant, stating that allotted to me.
Mr. BLAINE obtained the floor. it bad been intimated that I had recommended the
Central and western New York have a right Mr. WARD. I hope unanimous consent continuance of the Provost Marshal General's de- to feel and do feel deeply on this subject. My | will be given my colleague [Mr. CONKLING] to pariinent and the transfer of the recruiting service to it, is received.
constituents remember, and other constituen- | proceed. Some monthssince a paper was referred to me shor- cies remember, wrongs done them too great for Mr. ROSS. I object. ing the great number of desertions from the Army forgetfulness and almost for belief by the creat- Mr. BLAINE. I am in a very weakly con. and asking for suggestions to put a stop to them. To that paper I suggested a number of changes in orders ures of this bureau and by its head.
dition of health to make the brief explanation governing the recruiting service, and recommended We in the western division of New York due to the Military Committee. But I wish to that the whole matter be put in charge of the Pro- had sent to rule over us as assistant provost state why the committee reported this section vost Marshal Genera!, who could devote more attention to it than the Adjutant General with all his other
marshal general an officer of the Veteran Re- of the bill in regard to which the gentleman duties could, I ain opposed, however, to multiplying
serve corps; a man who never saw a battle, from New York shows so much feeling. bareaus, and I think there is no necessity for a Pro- who never received a scratch or suffered a day's I believe that among the earliest acts of the vost Marshal General. In fact, if we had to organize the Army anew, I would not have as many bureaus
sickness in the military service; a man honored gentleman from New York at this session of as we now have. In my opinion, the country would
with the especial personal intimacy and confi. Congress was the introduction of a resolution, be just as well and much more economically served if dence of the Provost Marshal General, and which was adopted by this House, directing the coast surveying duties were added to the Engi
who in a marked and ostentatious degree re- the War Department to report upon the expeDcer Bureau, and the quartermaster, subsistence, and pay departments were merged into one. I would flected the will and the favor of his chief. He
diency of abolishing the office of Provost Marpot recommend a change now, however, but would had be for some time in the office of the shal General In the routine of business the pot make any increase of bureaus. Very truly, yours,
Provost Marshal General here in Washington ; answer of the Secretary of War came to the
Lieutenant General. he was his crony and confidant, and sustained Military Committee, and among the papers Ilon. J. W. VESNITI, United States Senator.
with him, as events proved, relations of great was a letter from Lieutenant General Grant. A true copy :
GEORGE K. LEET, personal intimacy. This spokesman, so trusted There was an elaborate paper also from GenAssistant Adjutant General,
and so fortunate, did not come to us alone. eral Townsend. They were referred to a subMr. CONKLING. The reasons which no There dame at the same time other creatures committee. The committee, upon a full review doubt the writer of that letter has for deeming of the head of the bureau at Washington. The of the papers, and especially of the letter of the Provost Marshal and his, bureau an unne. western division swarmed with these chosen Lieutenant General Grant, reported this sec. cessary appendage to the peace establishment favorites, and they illustrated to the full the tion. The gentleman from New York has read of the country appear at considerable length || genius and the morale of their mission. a letter from the Lieutenant General, which in a communication which I have here, but By acts of their own, and by acts done by || practically recalls the recommendations of the which I will not, unless it becomes necessary, their superior at Washington, they turned the setter on which the committee acted; but I have read. It is a communication from the business of recruiting and drafting into one desire the Clerk to read the letter of Lieutenant acting head of the Adjutant General's Office. carnival of corrupt disorder, into a paradise of General Grant, which was the authorization, We all know that during our history thus far coxcombs and thieves.
in the judgment of the committee, for inserting we have always managed without a bureau of False quotas were put upon us; exaggerated the section. this kind to recruit the regular Army, and that || telegrams and orders were sent to our boards The Clerk read, as follows: no need of it has ever been felt in maintaining of supervisors. We were victimized by con- HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES, the usual military establishment. The Provost stant uncertainty and deception. In my own
WASHINGTox, December 14, 1863. Marshal's Bureau was a temporary expedient district, underone call, $ 138,000 was wrongfully
Sir: In reply to your letter of the 13th instant, in
reference to descrtions, I would make the following resorted to in an extreme emergency to bring 1 wrung from an outraged and groaning people. remarks: I do not think the present method of rovolunteers hastily to the field. Its mission is Officers of this bureau who sought to stem the cruiting, as carried out, sufficient to fill up tho rogu
lar Army to the force required, or to keep it full tleinan can inform the House. All I have to The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair is when once fillcd.
say is--and in this I believe I speak the sen- of the opinion it is not parliamentary to proTac lui y is an important one, and demands, I think, the exclusive attention of an officer of the War Des timent of a majority of the members of this nounce what has been said by any gentleinan partment, aided by a well-organized system extend- House-that James B. Fry is a most efficient in debate liere is false. It is not a point of ing over the couniry. I think the oficer best fitted
officer, a higli-toned gentleman, whose char- | order well taken to require him to state for that position, by his experience during the present war, is General Fry, and would recomend that acter is without spot or blemish ; a gentleman wherein it is false. the whole subject of recruiting be put in his hands, who stands second to no officer in the Ameri- Mr. CONKLING. Under the rules the and all officers on recruitinr duty be directed to re
can Army; and he is ready to meet the gen. words objected to should have been taken down port to hun, Ile should also have charge of the apprehension of deserters, should be authorized to
tleman from New York and all other accusers at the time, and the point of order comes now offer such rewards as will secure their apprehension. anywhere and everywhere. And, sir, when I too late. One who makes such points of order When caught they should be tried, and the sentence hear the gentleman from New York rehearse should be more careful how lie makes them. rigidly carried into effect; this would soon stop the present enormous amount of desertion.
in this House, as an impeachment of General It is not my disposition, Mr. Speaker, to I would recommend that the duties herctoforo per- Fry, all the details of the recruiting frauds in engage in personal controversy upon this floor: forined by prorost marshals bo hereafter perforined New York, which General Fry used his best but when any member forgets himself so far by otiicers detailed for recruiting duty. Very respectfully,
energies to repress with iron hand, a sense of as to impute unworthy motives and resentments U.S. GRANT, Lieutenant General.
indignation carries me beyond my personal to me, when my motives and resentments are Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War.
strength and impels me to denounce such a wholly foreign to the matter before the House, conrse of proceeding.
he must expect a rebuff; and when he asserts Mr. BLAINE. The House will observe that Mr. MERCUR obtained the floor.
offensively that I have had personal quarrels the Committee on Military Affairs acted pre- Mr. CONKLING. I ask the gentleman from with a person whose administration and public cisely in accordance with the recommendations | Pennsylvania [Mr. Mercur] to yield to me. acts are under consideration, and that I have of the Lieutenant General as contained in the Mr. MERCƯR. I yield to the gentleman. been worsted in these quarrels, and that, too, letter which has just been read. The first point Mr. CONKLING. Mr. Speaker, if General before the Secretary of War and by the Secre. which the Lieutenant General makes is that the Fry is reduced to depending for vindication tary of War, and when that statement has no system of recruiting carried on under the direc
upon the gentleman from Maine he is to be foundation in fact, I think the Chair and the tion of the Adjutant General's Oflice las not commiserated certainly. If I have fallen to House will agree with me that something is to proved eflicient, in his judgment, in filling the the necessity to taking lessons from that gen. be pardoned to the earnestness of the occasion. Ariny. In the next place, he suggests that tleman in the rules of propriety, or of right or I said what I felt bound to say, speaking not some special oflicer should be detailed to super- wrong, God help me.
only for my own constituents, but for other intend the business of recruiting, and he names I say to him further that I mean to take no constituencies in New York whose RepresentGeneral Fry as the proper officer. In the advantage such as he attributes of the privileges atives licar me. I could not remain silent when next place, he states that provost marshals of this place or of the absence of General Fry, I know that in my own district and elsewhere throughout the country are not needed, and On the contrary, I am ready to avow what I men who stood up honestly and attempted to that their places should be filed by recruit- have here declared anywhere. I have stated resist “bounty juunpers'and thieves were ing officers. Provisions in accordance with all facts for which I am willing to be held respon- stricken down and trodden under foot by Genthese recommendations are comprehended in | sible at all times and places.
eral Fry. I aflirm that the only way to acquit the section which the gentleman froin New I say, further, that the statement made by him of venality is to convict him of the most York would have stricken out.
the gentleman from Maine with regard to my incredible incompetency. I am responsible for Mr. BOUTWELL. I desire to state that the self personally and my quarrels with General that, sir, everywhere. I have had no such perfacts up to the latest date do not sustain the Fry, and their result, is false. He says I sonal quarrel with General Fry, however, as opinion of the Lieutenant General. From last
has been asserted. I never chanced to see him October till April 17, the Adjutant General has Mr. BLAINE. What does the gentleman | but once, unless I have forgoiten it, and when recruited between nineteen and twenty thou- mean to say was false?
the gentleman rises here and makes a charge sand men for the regular Army.
Mr. CONKLING. I mean to say that the of that kind, with the insinuation by which he Mr. BLAINE. We acted only on the infor- statement made by the gentleman from Maine | accompanies it, his conduct calls for some mation before us. And when the gentleman is false.
plainuess of speech. And so, using parliafrom New York (Mr. Conkling] quotes the let- Mr. BLAINE. What statement?
mentary language, I reiterate that the state. ter of the Lieutenant General in condemnation Mr. CONKLING. Does not the gentleman ment which was made is erroneous and destiof the report made by the Committee on Mili- understand what I mean?
tute of that which it should possess in order tary Affairs, I merely wish the privilege of Mr. BLAINE. I call the gentleman to to render it admissible in debate. I believe showing that that report was made in express order. I demand he shall state what was false that is parliamentary, even if the other form conformity, verbatim et literatim, with the rec- in what I stated. I have the parliamentary ommendations of that officer's letter, which right. I demand the gentleman shall state Now, sir, I want to say a word about this came officially before the committee, and which what is false in what I said.
letter. was not smuggled in in the manner in which the The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentle- Mr. MERCUR. Mr. Speakerletter read by the gentleman from New York man from Maine will state his point of order. Mr. CONKLING. I beg pardon. I thought comes before us. That is not an official letter; Mr. BLAINE. I have already. The gen- the gentleman yielded the floor to me alto. it is an unofficial note. The letter just read by tleman has denounced my statement as false. gether. I am very much obliged to him, and to It
will relinquish the floor at once if he wishes to this House by the Secretary of War on a regu. ticular anything I said or what allegation I occupy it. I thought he intended to yield to lar call, and referred by the House to the made was false.
me without qualification, so as to have another Committee on Military Affairs.
The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair | fifteen minutes afterward. But I will instantly Mr. Speaker, I do not suppose that the House overrules the point of order. The gentleman | resign it, and thank him for his courtesy. I of Representatives care anything more than from New York will proceed.
ask the gentleman whether I shall go on or not. the Committee on Military Affairs about the Mr. BLAINE. One single word more.
Mr. BLAINE. I wish to make a single great recruiting frauds in New York, or the Mr. CONKLING. I do not yield.
statement. quarrels of the gentleman from New York with Mr. BLAINE. Do I understand the Speaker Mr. CONKLING. I do not understand that General Fry, in which quarrels it is generally to rule, when a member states that another has any one but the gentleman from Pennsylvania ,understood the gentleman came out second stated falsely, that is no point of order? can claim the floor. best at the War Department. I do not think The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair Mr. BLAINE. The gentleman from Pennthat such questions ought to be obtruded here. does not understand that to have been the sylvania [Mr. Mercur] had the floor. Though the gentleman from New York has | point of order.
Mr. CONKLING. I decline to yield it to had some difference with General Fry, yet I Mr. BLAINE. Then I raise the point of the gentleman from Maine, [Mr. Blaine. 1 take pleasure in saying that, as I believe, there order that the gentleman stated what was un- The SPEAKER pro tempore. Does the Chair is not in the American Army a more honorable parliamentary when he said that I stated what understand the gentleman from Pennsylvania and high-toned officer than General Fry. That was false. I have no objection to his going on [Mr. MERCUR] to yield the floor entirely to the officer, I doubt not, is ready to meet the gentle- to state where it is false.
gentleman from New York, [Mr. Coxkling?] man from New York or anybody else in the The SPEAKER pro tempore.
Tlie Chair Mr. MERCUR. I did not so understand it. proper forum. I must say that I do not think understood the gentleman to say it was out of The SPEAKER pro tempore. Then the it is any very creditable proceeding for the order to pronounce a statement was false with. gentleman from New York has the right to gentleman from New York here in this place out stating wherein it was falsa. The Chair resume the floor only by the consent of the to traduce General Fry as a military officer | overruled that point of order. If the gentle | gentleman from Pennsylvania. when he has no opportunity to be heard. I man has another point of order to raise he Mr. CONKLING. I ask the gentleman from do not consider such a proceeding the highest will please state it.
Pennsylvania [Mr. MERCUR] whether he wishes specimen of chivalry that could be Axhibited. Mr. BLAINE. I raise the point of order not to resume the floor.
The gentleman from New York has had his that it was not parliamentary for the gentle- Mr. MERCUR. I designed to resume it issues with General Fry at the War Depart- man to use those words.
after the gentleman, but I will allow him to ment. They have been adjudicated upon by The SPEAKER pro tempore.
The Chair || go on. the Secretary of War; and I leave it for the sustains that point of order.
Mr. CONKLING. The letter which has been gentleman to say whether he came out first Mr. BLAINE. I have no objection to his read, at the instance of the gentleman from Þest. I do not know the particulars; the gen- stating wherein it is false.
Maine, from the Lieutenant General, has no