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league, Mr. WOODBRIDGE, who, if present, Also, the petition of Claud Somers, and 40 others, serve the appearance of officers at whatever would vote against the bill, while I would vote
citizens of Barnet, Caledonia county, Vermont, pray- cost, have been forced, in many instances, to for it.
ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
incur debts and suffer family privations, which Mr. BLAINE. I desire to state that I am citizens of Ilartland, Windsor county, Vermont, pray- they have endeavored to conceal from the paired with Mr. THAYER, who would vote ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
Also, the petition of J. D. Whent, and others,
public during the rebellion, with the hope that against the bill, while I would vote for it.
citizens of Putney, Windham county, Vermont, pray- after its suppression either the cost of the I am also requested to state that Mr. Bing- ing for an increased duty on wool.
necessaries of life would be reduced to its forHAM, who would vote for the bill, is paired, but
By Mr. MYERS: The petition of 264 glass-blowers, I cannot recollect with whom. and others, employed in the glass manufacturing
mer amount, or that Congress wonld, in their business in the third congressional district, city of
sense of justice, make such an addition to their Mr. ROUSSEAU. On this question I am Philadelphia, for an increased tariff on glass ware, to pay as would enable them to maintain that paired with Mr. J. L. Thomas.
protect their labor and prevent the serious injury to
appearance before their fellow-citizens and Mr. HARDING, of Kentucky. My col
large orders for foreign glass ware being filled under the representatives of foreign countries when league, Mr. RITTER, is absent on account of the present insufficient tariff.
abroad which universal sentiment requires of sickness.
By Mr. NIBLACK: The inemorial of B. J. Day,
all officers. of Evansville, Indiana, praying that dogs may be
They therefore pray that Con Mr. ANCONA. My colleague, Mr. Johntaxed, as a means of protecting the wool interests
gress will in its wisdom and justice provide for Son, who is absent on account of sickness, is of paired with Mr. Hooper, of Massachusetts. I
By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: The petition of P. Holton,
an increase of the pay of the naval officers of
the United States. I move that it be referred to and others, citizens of Danby, Rutland county, Verknow that Mr. JOHNSON would vote against mont, praying for increased protection on imported
the Committee on Naval Affairs. the bill, but I do not know how Mr. HOOPER wool.
The motion was agreed to. would vote.
Also, the petition of James M. Ketchum, and others, citizens of Sudbury, Rutland county, Ver
Mr. SHERMAN presented a communication The result of the vote was then announced
mont, praying for an increased protection on foreign addressed to him from the Commissioner of as above stated.
wool. Mr. WRIGHT moved to reconsider the vote
Agriculture, in relation to the subject of culti
Also, the petition of W. B. Randall, and 64 others, by which the bill was rejected; and also moved
citizens of Sandgate, Bennington county, Verinont: | yating the China grass; which was ordered to
praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool. be printed, and referred to the Committee on that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the Also, the petition of D.S.Chatterton, and 154 others, table. citizens of Rutland, Rutland county, Vermont, pray
Agriculture. ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. Mr. STEVENS. I hope that will be post- Also, the petition of Stephen Wilmarth, and 113 poned for the present, as I want to go to the others, citizens of Addison, Addison county. Ver- Mr. RAMSEY, from the Committee on business upon the Speaker's table.
mont, praying for an increased protection on wool. Mr. SCHENCK. “I rose before the motion Also, the petition of Nathan Cupen, and 47 others,
Revolutionary Claims, to whom was referred citizcns of Goshen, Addison county, Vermont, pray
the memorial of Frederick Vincent, adminiswas made to reconsider. ing for an increased duty on foreign wool.
trator of James LeCaze, late of the firm of The SPEAKER. The Chair acted in ac
Also, the petition of H. L. Gale, and others, citi- LeCaze & Mallett, praying for the payment
zens of Larrabee's Point, Addison county, Vermont, cordance with the uniform usage of the House praying for an increased duty on imported wool. of money advanced during the revolutionary in recognizing a gentleman who voted with the Also, the petition of Albert Ketchum, and 40 others, war, submitted an adverse report thereon; successful side.
citizens of Whiting, Addison county, Vermont, pray- which was ordered to be printed.
ing for an increased duty on imported wool. Mr. SCHENCK. The gentleman from Iowa Also, the petition of L. Howard Kellogg, and others,
Mr. POMEROY, from the Committee on [Mr. GRINNELL] changed his vote in order to citizens of Benson, Rutland county, Vermont, pray- Public Lands, to whom was referred a bill (H. move a reconsideration. I hope the bill will ing for an increased protection on wool.
R. No. 249) to establish a land office in the
Also, the petition of Rufus Baird, and others, citigo over till to-morrow. I want the volunteer zens of Chittenden, Rutland county, Vermont, pray- Territory of Idaho, reported it without amendofficers and soldiers of the country who are ing for increased protection on imported wool.
ment. waiting in expectationAlso, the petition of William L. Farnum, and
Mr. WILSON, from the Committee on Miliothers, citizens of Poultney, Rutland county, VerMr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I object
mont, praying for an increased duty on imported | tary Affairs and the Militia, who were instructto debate. wool.
ed by a resolution of the Senate of the 16th And then, on motion of Mr. SCHENCK,
Also, the petition of Erastus Kelley, and 39 others, citizens of Clarendon Springs, Rutland county, Ver
ultimo to inquire whether the full Army Regis(at half past four o'clock p. m.,) the House mont, praying for an increased duty on wool.
ter, now in course of publication, has been adjourned.
Also, the petition of George C. Dana, and 67 others, compiled in accordance with the requirement citizens of Weybridge, Vermont, praying for an in- of the joint resolution approved March 2, 1865,
creased duty on foreign wool. PETITIONS, ETC.
and what will be the cost of such publication, The following petitions, &c., were presented under
submitted a report accompanied by a joint resthe rule and referred to the appropriate committees : By Mr. BAXTER: The petition of J. G. Saxe, and
olution (S. R. No. 83) respecting the publicaTHURSDAY, May 3, 1866. tion of the Volunteer Army Register.
The 80 othery, asking that a mail route may be established
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. from the depot in Georgia, to Cambridge, Lamoille
joint resolution was read and passed to a
The Journal of yesterday was read and second reading, and the report was ordered to county, Vermont. By Mr. BROOMALL: The petitions of 595 citizens | approved.
be printed. of Delaware county, Pennsylvania, praying for such change in the tariff and internal revenue laws, as
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
Mr. STEWART. The Committee on Public will enable the manufacturing and laboring classes The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair | Lands, to whom was referred a bill (S. No. of the country to compete successfully with those of has received, and been requested to present to foreign countries.
123) granting lands to aid in the construction By Mr. DARLING: The petition of C. K. Tucker- the Senate, a memorial signed by many dress- of a railroad and telegraph line from the Cenman, praying compensation for expendituros in the makers in different parts of the United States, tral Paciric railroad, in California, to Portland, colonization experiment at Hayti.
praying for a modification of the present tax By Mr. DEFREES: A petition from the citizens
on the navigable waters of the Columbia river, of DeKalb county, Indiana, asking that all medi- upon their business. They represent that so in Oregon, have instructed me to report an cines or preparntions of the United States, or other far as taxing their labor is concerned, though amendment in the nature of a substitute; and national Pharmacopeia, &c., be placed on the free that would be onerous at the present time in I will state that the substitute is the House bill liste.
By Mr. ELIOT: The petition of the Provincetown view of their compensation, they would be on the same subject, with some amendments. Seaman's Savings Bank, for relief froin certain taxes. willing to submit to that; but a tax of six per Mr. HOWE. The Committee on Com
By Mr. GARFIELD: The petition of 214 citizens of Mahoning county, Ohio, asking for an increased
cent. upon the materials, costly trimmings, &c., merce, to whom were referred various petiprotective tariff.
that go through their hands purchased by their tions of persons engaged in mining and runBy Mr.J. M. HUMPHREY: The petition of 4,000 employers, makes an amount of expenditure || ning coal from the Monongahela coal-fields sailors and citizens, of Buffalo, New York, asking for a modification of the law taxing seamen, &c.
on their part so large that their business, if the to market on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, By Mr. LAFLIN:
The petition of Dr. A. Murdock, tax is continued, will be absolutely destroyed, I praying for such an amendment of the enrollof Philadelphia, Jefferson county, New York, in fa- and they beg that the tax on their manufac- ment act as to exempt from its provisions all vor of the abolition of internal duties on oficial preparations of the Pharmacopeia...
tures may be repealed. This petition will be coal-boats, coal-barges, and coal-flats which are By Mr. MARVIN: The petitions of William Cham- received, and referred to the Committee on used exclusively for running coal to market, bers, M. D., Ira II. Van Ness, M.D., and others, phy- Finance.
and are not used for any other purpose, have sicians of Fulton county, New York, praying that Mr. GRIMES. I present a petition from all medicines or preparations of the United States or
considered the subject, and have directed me to other national Pharinacopoeia in common use among
Admiral 8. W. Godon, acting rear admiral in ask to be discharged from the further considphysicians as remedial agents may be placed on the charge of the Brazil squadron, and the other eration of the petitions, and recommend that free list. By Mr. MILLER: The petition of sundry citizens
line and staff officers of the Navy attached to they be referred to the Committee on Finance ; of Pennsylvania, for a mail route from Johnstown, that squadron, who represent that the pay
for and I will say, if the chairman of the Com: Juniata county, Pennsylvania, to Shade Gap, Hunt- naval officers was established free from tax, at mittee on Finance will give his attention, that ingdon connty, in said State. By Mr. MORRILL: The petition of S. B. Jones, and
a period when the currency of the country was there is accompanying the papers a letter from others, citizens of West Rochester, Windsor county, gold and silver ; that even at that time it was the Secretary of the Treasury recommending Vermont, praying for an increased tariff on foreign not more than sufficient to meet their necessary that they be exempted from the enrollment wool. Also, the petition of R. W. Pitts, and others, citi
expenses, and left them without the prospect and be required to take ont a license instead, zens of Sudbury, Rutland county, Vermont, praying of providing for old age or misfortune; that and it was the opinion of the Committee on for increased tariff on imported wool.
since that period the cost of the necessaries of Commerce that it should be referred to the Also, the petition of F. D. Grisworld, and 58 others, citizens of Saxton's River, Windham county. Ver
life has more than doubled in many instances; Committee on Finance that they might see mont, praying for an additional tariff on foreign that this increase of cost has been provided whether they would issue a license, and if so, wool.
for in civil employment by a corresponding whether they would recommend or not that Also, the petition of John West, and 75 others, citizens of West Randolph, Orange county, Vermont,
increase of salaries, while the naval officers, they be exempt from enrollment. praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool. compelled by the discipline of the Navy to pre. The report was agreed to,
39T4 CONG. Ist Sess.--No, 148.
DISCONTINUANCE OF LAND OFFICES.
tificates showing who entered the lands, when there are several. It is very inartificially drawn, Mr. POMEROY. The Committee on Public | they were entered, and whether they were pre- it seems to me, and ought to be redrafted. Lands, to whom was referred a bill (S. No. | empted, and so on, and by a statute of our Mr. POMEROY. It is drawn precisely to 250) for the discontinuance in certain cases of State the certificate of the receiver of public leave the discretion in the Secretary of the land offices, and authorizing modifications in moneys or register of public lands is made evi- Interiordo judge whether a district should be the limits of land districts, have instructed me | dence, and I presume that is the law generally | discontinued or not. to report it back without amendment, and to in the new States. Now, I submit if, instead Mr. GRIMES. Any district ? recommend its passage.
of transferring the records to Washington, some Mr. POMEROY. Any district in any State. Mr. WILLIAMS. I would like to have the provision ought not to be made to leave them That is the meaning of it. bill which has just been reported by the Sen- in the States.
Mr. GRIMES. Then, as I understand it, ator from Kansas considered and passed. I Mr. POMEROY. I will say, in reply to the if the Commissioner of the General Land Office trust there will be no objection to it.
Senator, that that subject has been for more chooses to discontinue one of the districts in By unanimous consent the bill was consid- than a month discussed in the Committee on the State of Iowa, all the archives in regard to ered as in Committee of the Whole. Its first Public Lands, and at two succeeding meetings that district are to be transferred here. section provides that whenever the public land
the Commissioner of the General Land Office Mr. POMEROY. No, sir, that is not the in a State shall have been so nearly sold out
has been before the committee. The very bill. as to render unnecessary the continuance of point that the Senator from Illinois now makes Mr. GRIMES. That is the way it reads. the district office of register and receiver, the was argued before the committee at consider- Mr. POMEROY. Where two districts are Secretary of the Interior may order the trans- able length. In examining the way the records consolidated into one in a State they remain in fer to the General Land Office of the land are kept, both in the General Land Office here the State ; but when the land offices are closed archives belonging to such districts; and in and in the various districts, we found that they out in a State then the bill provides that the regard to the disposal of any residue of public did not have here duplicate of the certificates archives shall be sent to Washington. lands in such districts the Commissioner is to of entry. It was at first supposed that if they Mr. GRIMES. It is very likely that is the possess all the powers previously possessed by were brought here to the General Land Office it intention of the Committee on Public Lands, the register and receiver. The second section would be only multiplying papers of the same but that is not what the bill will accomplish it provides that whenever, in the judgment of the character; but the Commissioner of the Gen- it should be enacted into a law. Secretary of the Interior, it shall be advan- eral Land Office says that he now has to send to Mr. CONNESS. I wish to say to the chair. tageous to the public interest to modify the these various land offices himself to get copies man of the Committee on Public Lands, while limits of a land district, either by enlarging | whenever a contest arises in which he is asked this bill is up, as it will be further considered or diminishing the same, he may cause such
to furnish them. It is very strenuously urged, at anotber time, that there is another difficulty modification to be made, giving timely public || by the General Land Office at least, that the connected with this subject, which is, that if notice thereof.
whole of the documents in each case should these records come to the Land Office here, Mr. GRIMES. I would inquire what is be deposited here when we close out the land they will come under the operation of an existmeant by that last section. Is it intended to districts in a State. The committee have no ing law by which the Land Office is authorized confer the power on the Secretary of the Inte- || feeling about it more than to make our system to charge fifteen cents a folio for transcripts rior to create new land districts?
harmonious, and to accommodate the entry of of records, which they are asked for, and which Mr. POMEROY. It is not. It allows him these lands to the system that they have already are so often needed, and they cannot be obto change the boundaries, or to consolidate || adopted. It has been a long time before that tained without the payment of that sum. The two districts into one; but it does not allow || committee, and we have been urged for a good || committee should take that provision into conhim to make new districts.
while to report it. We hesitated somewhat, sideration, because it is a grievous tax on the Mr. TRUMBULL. Does not that
power to but finally concluded to report it as the Com- | public which ought not to be permitted to rechange the boundaries already exist ? missioner of the General Land Office desired it.
main, and it should not be extended by a bill Mr. POMEROY. It exists so far as regards
Mr. TRUMBULL. I was quite aware that of this kind to bring other records subject to the State of California, but is not a general the Senator from Kansas had no other object | it. Recently, in a case at the Land Office, law. That is done under a special act allow- in view than the promotion of the public inter- where a decision was made against one of my ing the Secretary of the Interior to change the The people of Kansas are just as much constituents, and he was required to file his boundaries of land districts in California ; but interested in this question as those of Illinois. appeal within a given time, to get the evidence he has not the right to change the boundaries We are all interested alike. Having been en- upon which he might make up his case, he was in any other State, or to put two land districts || gaged somewhat in the practice of the law, I know asked to pay fifteen cents a folio, when I was into one in any other State.
that we have frequent occasion in those States | compelled to say that I would call for the eviMr. RAMSEY. I think he has that power.
to resort to the land offices for information, dence and papers in the case, by a resolution At least he has exercised it in our State, for and I am sure it will subject the people to of the Senate, unless they were furnished; and he has consolidated two districts there.
great inconvenience if the only information then he got access to the papers. There is an Mr. WILLIAMS. I will state that I applied they can obtain
in regard to land titles in their existing law which, in my opinion, very much to the General Land Office for a change in the region is from Washington. It is very difficult needs repeal or modification, subjecting the boundaries of a land district in the State of to get that evidence from the Land Office here. || people connected with land questions to this Oregon, where it was necessary that the bound- During the present session I have been written
enormous tax. It was enacted because of the aries should be changed, and after examina- to by gentlemen of the bar in my State for infor- many demands that were made upon the office, tion the Department decided that it had no mation in regard to tracts of land which they with restricted clerical force, for papers; and such power, and suggested that a bill of this said they had written for and could not obtain, the Government finally, in its own behalf, kind be passed, authorizing the Department to and they asked me to interfere and go to the inflicted this enormous tax. I make this sugexercise the power.
It is at the suggestion of Land Office and see if I could get for them the gestion now for the benefit of the committee, the Department that this bill is introduced and evidence of the entry of a tract of land or the so that in the further consideration of this bill proposed to be passed, so that they may possess grant of a tract of land, and when it took place, that great difficulty and exaction may be cured.
and to whom it was granted. These are facts Mr. TRUMBULL. I think there is an existMr. TRUMBULL. I should like to make that ought to be come-at-able conveniently by | ing rule--I know there was at one time-ia the another inquiry of the Senator from Kansas. the people who are interested. I think the bill
land department, which prevented the fur. In discontinuing all the land offices in a State had better go over, so that we may have an nishing of copies of papers there except upon where the lands
are nearly exhausted, which I opportunity to look at it a little more closely. affidavits. I do not know whetber there was a think is very proper and ought to have been Mr. POMEROY. I have no objection to its law on the subject or not; but I know that at done long ago in some of the States where there | going over; but I submit to the Senator that one time the Commissioner of the General Land are still land offices, I submit whether provision in a large State like Illinois, where we have Office refused to furnish transcripts from the ought not to be made for keeping the records reduced all the offices to one, it will be as diffi- records unless certain affidavits were filed. If in the State. When land offices have been cult for the people living at remote districts from
a party desirous of purchasing a tract of land consolidated, the books of the land office dis- | Springfield to get the evidence from Springfield | wished to ascertain whether it could be safely continued have gone to the consolidated office. as to get it from Washington. They have got || purchased, it was clogged, before he could get There is occasion very often to refer to these to write for it; and if they send to Washington the transcripts of the entry of the land or its records, and it will be exceedingly inconvenient they can get all the evidence in the case, while in one of the new States, where all the land if they send to Springfield they can only get
grant by Government, with impediments which
were very muchin the way of the transfer of land. formerly belonged to the Government and all a part.
I do not know whether that rale exists now, titles are derived from the Government, if when Mr. TRUMBULL. You will have to em- but I am quite sure that it did some years ago. controversies arise the parties must come to || ploy a great many new clerks here if they are Mr. POMEROY. It has been modified by Washington to trace the titles all to be compelled to come here.
the law to which the Senator from Cabfornia that provision ought to be made for depositing Mr. POMEROY. I have no objection to has referred. Parties may now have tranat the State capitals, with the States, the rec- the bill going over.
scripts by paying fifteen cents a folio for them. ords of the land offices, or in some way for Mr. GRIMES. I call the attention of the The difficulty which the Senator suggests was preserving them within the States. Unless chairman of the Committee on Public Lands modified by the law to which the Senator from that be done, they will exist nowhere except at to the phraseology of this bill, from which, if California has referred. Washington. I know it is the constant practice I understand it, nobody can tell whether it Mr. CONNESS. I suggest that it needs in my State, when actions arise involving the applies to a State like Illinois, where there is further modification. title to lands, to apply to the land office for cer- only one district, or to a State like Iowa where Mr. WILSON. I thought it was under:
seems to me
stood that this bill was to go over for further it stands. I suggest that it be amended so as building, and a fire in that building and a logs consideration.
to subject the grant of the right of way through of all the papers there would involve infinite The PRESIDENT pro tempore. There has public reservations to the approval of the De- confusion and difficulty. been no motion to that effect as yet.
partment to which the reservation may belong, The whole subject is one that has really got Mr. WILSON. I make that motion. as the Interior or War Department.
to a point that presses upon the consideration The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved Mr. NESMITH. I suggest to the Senate that of Congress to make the proper provision for that the further consideration of this bill be the simple grant of right of way cannot very the Departments and for the safety of the impostponed until to-morrow.
well interfere with any reservation. It does portant papers in the different Departments, The motion was agreed to.
not give any of the land of the reservation for and it is high time, in my judginent, that the INTERNATIONAL OCEAN TELEGRAPH.
any purpose, but simply the right of way. whole matter should be deliberately consid.
Mr. CONNESS. I am aware of that, but the ered by Congress. I have thought, therefore, Mr. CHANDLER. I submit the following right of way might destroy a military reserva- that the better way was simply to call the atreport from a committee of conference, and tion.
tention of the Committees of the two Houses ask for action upon it now:
Mr. NESMITH. I do not see how that could on Public Buildings and Grounds to the subThe committee of conference on the disagreeing result simply from a road passing through it. ject with regard to the State Department, which votes of the two Houses on the bill(s.No.26) entitled Mr. CONNESS. It might run through a "An act to encourago telegraphic communication
when they come to investigate they will find between the United States and the island of Cuba military post.
involves the consideration of the whole suband other West India islands, and the Bahamas," Mr. POMEROY. It has been usual to put ject, which cannot be, in my judgment, any having met, after full and free conference they have agreed to recommend, and do recomiend, to their
in that the right of way is granted subject to longer delayed. I therefore hope that the resrespective llouses as follows:
the approval of President of the United olution will be adopted in order that the matter That the Senate agree to the first amendment of States, and then he refers it to the proper
may be considered. the House of Representatives to the bill, and that it agree to the second amendment of the House with Department.
Mr. SUMNER. I am glad that the Senator an amendment as follows: at the end of the amend
Nr. NESMITH. I have no objection to a from Maine has called attention to this subject. ment insert the words, “subject, however, to the provision of that sort.
It has occupied something of my thoughts power of Congress to alter and determine said rates;' and that the House agree to the same.
Mr. POMEROY. I suggest to add to the || dnring this whole session. No one can visit Z. CHANDLER,
first section of the bill " subject to the approval | the State Department without seeing that the L. M. MORRILL, of the President of the United States,' and then || building is, if I may so express myself, on its
he will refer it to whatever Department it comes last legs; that it will not continue long. It is
under. I move that amendment. THOMAS D. ELIOT,
old itself, but it must give way, as the SenaCHARLES O'NEILL, The amendment was agreed to.
tor suggests, to the Treasury building; and all NELSON TAYLOR,
The bill was reported to the Senate as amend- that space, I presume, will be needed for the Managers on the part of the House.
ed, and the amendment was concurred in. purposes of the Treasury building. The ques. The report was concurred in.
Mr. NESMITH. There is a typographica! || tion, then, is where we shall place the State SARAH E. PICKELL.
error in the fifth line of the first section. It is Department. I have heard it suggested that Mr. JOHNSON. Some time since I made
here printed "Cargon City;"' it should be it should be transferred to the present Mansion & motion to reconsider the vote of the Senate "Canyon City."
of the President; but there is one remark to on the bill (H. R. No. 458) granting a pension
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That cor- make upon that, that Mansion is not fireto Sarah E. Pickell. I move to take up that rection will be made.
proof. motion now with a view to refer the bill back
The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a
Mr. FESSENDEN. It can be made so, I to the Committee on Pensions. I do this at third reading, was read the third time, and
understand. the request and with the concurrence of the passed.
Mr. SUMNER. I have heard that suggested, chairman of that comunittee.
and still again I have heard it doubted. f The motion was agreed to.
Mr. FESSENDEN. I desire to offer a res
merely throw that out as something which of
course the committee or the authorities who The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The quesolution, and unless it is objected to, I should
have it in charge must most carefully consider, tion now is on the motion to reconsider the vote like to have action upon it now:
for we should all start with the idea that the of the Senate postponing the bill indefinitely. Resolved by the Senate, (the Honge of RepresentThe motion was agreed to.
State Department must be placed in a fire-proof atives concurring.) That the standing committees of the two Houses on Public Buildings and Grounds
building. There are all the archives of the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is now be instructed to inquire and report what further Government from the beginning except some moved that the bill, with the accompanying provisions, if any, should be made for the accom- few, and they are in reasonably good preservapapers, be recommitted to the Committee on modation of the State Department.
tion. There are also the original treaties, and Pensions.
There being no objection, the Senate pro- with regard to these I have often thought my. The motion was agreed to. ceeded to consider the resolution.
self, and have sometimes thought of introducing MraFESSENDEN. The resolution involves
a joint resolution to that effect, that it would be MILITARY ROAD IN OREGON.
very considerably more than appears upon its advisable to have them transferred to the muMr. NESMITH. I move to take up Senate face; but in drawing it I thought it best to seum at the Patent Office. They are essentially bill No. 99.
word it as I have done. It is known, I sup: curiosities. As they are now published in tho The motion was agreed to ; and the Senate, pose, by everybody, that the north wing of
Statutes-at-Large, they are not of essential imas in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to the Treasury extension is in process of being | portance as records, but they are very curious, consider the bill (S. No. 99) granting lands to erected. In order to complete it, it will be for instance, for a visitor or a traveler who the State of Oregon to aid in the construction
necessary to take down the building which is comes to Washington. They ought, however, of a military road from Albany, Oregon, to at present occupied by the State Department. all will see, to be in some place that is fire-proof. the eastern boundary of said State. To aid in There is no place provided to which the State I therefore assume that the building which we the construction of a military wagon road from Department can go; and I do not know but shall have must be fire-proof, and the practical Albany, Oregon, by way of Cargon City and that it must follow that the work on the Treas
question will be, whether the President's Manthe most feasible pass in Cascade range of ury building must be suspended for the want sion could be put in such condition. I do not mountains, to the eastern boundary of the of power to accommodate the State Depart. || know whether it could or not; but if it could, State, the bill proposes to grant alternate sec- ment. There is no fire-proof building where it certainly would be very favorable for the tions of public lands, designated by odd num- it would be safe to lodge the very important || purposes of the State Department, central, acbers, for three sections in width on each side documents which are there.'
cessible; but as the Senator from Maine says, of said road. The lands granted are to be It has been suggested to me that there may that of course would entail the building of a exclusively applied to the construction of the be great difficulties in carrying out the present Mansion for the President himself. I think all road, and to be disposed of only as the work il plan; but it is very advisable, and very neces. have foreseen that we must do that very soon, progresses; and all lands heretofore reserved sary, in fact, that the Treasury building should
and I am very glad that attention is called to to the United States by act of Congress or be completed. It has occurred to me--and I the question. other competent authority are reserved from
will state this as a suggestion--that we shall The resolution was agreed to. the operation of the act, except so far as it may he very soon obliged to erect a new Presibe necessary to locate the route of the road dential Mansion somewhere; we ought to have
PACIFIC RAILROAD-SIOUX CITY BRANCH. through the same, in which case the right of a different place from that to be occupied
Mr. HOWARD. I more to take up Senate way is granted.
by the President, and a place surrounded by bill No. 109, relating to the Sioux City branch Mr. CONNESS. I call the attention of the grounds of proper extent. How soon this can of the Pacific railroad. Senator from Oregon to one of the provisions be done I do not know, nor do I know what The motion was agreed to; and the Senate of this hill, which is the grant of the right of facilities may exist for doing it. In that case, resumed the consideration of the bill (S. No. way through any reservation for military or the present Mansion might very well, perhaps, 109) to rescind the order of the President desig. other purposes, without subjecting that grant be occupied by the State Department. I merely nating the Sioux City and Pacific Railroad to the approval of anybody whatever hereafter. suggest this. But it is very evident to me that Company to construct the branch of the Union It would authorize the company to locate the the whole Treasury building will be needed for Pacific railroad from Sioux City; the pendroad so as to destroy a reservation for military the accommodation of the Treasury Depart. ing question being on the amendment of Mr. or other uses; they inight run through the heart ment itself. For instance, the Internal Rev- GRIMES. of it. I apprehend that is not contemplated, caue Bureau is now in a building on the other Nir. SUMNER. I see that the Senator from and yet it mny be done under this provision as I side of the strect, which is not a fire-proof Iowa [Nr. KirkwooD] who was to speak on
this question when it was last up is not now in use of Nock's patent in the manufacture of rebels and guerrillas during the rebellion, as follows: his seat. I remember perfectly well he was mail locks subsequent to such annulment, will
1. For moneys paid to independent companies, the sum of....
.-8213,988 42 about to speak because we had a little confer- be referred to the Court of Claims for its detis
2. For moneys appropriated for payment ence on the subject. He is not now in his seat. ion, in accordance with the principles of equity of militia...
142,645 12 Mr. HOWARD. I mentioned to him yes- and justice; but the court is not to render judg. | 3. For appropriations for supplying mili
tia while in service....
3,271 88 terday that I should call it up at the first oppor- ment for a greater sum than is contained in the
4. For subsisting and equipping yolunteer tunity.
report of Solicitor Comstock to the Senate, recruits mustered into service of the Mr. SUMNER. Perhaps he did not expect || dated December 22, 1852.
5. For money paid to Upshur county miliit before next week. The joint resolution was reported to the tia while prisoners..
6,950 85 Mr. HOWARD. I do not know how that Senate without amendment, ordered to be
..8368,548 37 engrossed for a third reading, read the third The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The pend. || time, and passed.
The necessity for the foregoing expenditures may ing amendment will be read.
WEST VIRGINIA MILITARY CLAIMS.
be briefly stated: Mr. GRIMES. The amendment is to strike
The first class above mentioned were independent out all after the enacting clause. I suggest to
Mr. VAN WINKLE. I move to take up companies, numbering from twenty-five to seventyfor consideration Senate bill No. 230.
five men, with one commissioned officer, organized in the Senator from Michigan that he let the bill
the border counties of the State, with instructions lie over until my colleague shall be present.
The motion was agreed to; and the bill (S. and orders to cooperate as far as practicable with the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the No. 230) to reimburse the State of West Vir- United States forces, and to keep down and suppress
lawless bands of guerrillas or partisan rangers, then Senator move to postpone the further consid- || ginia for moneys expended for the United
continually infesting such counties, under authority eration of the bill? States in enrolling, equipping, and paying mil- of the so-called confederate government, for purposes
of plunder and conscription. The services rendered Mr. GRIMES. I suppose the Senator will itary forces to aid in suppressing the rebellion, not press it in my colleague's absence. was read the second time, and considered as in
by these companies were of great value and impor
tance to the United States troops stationed near tho Mr. HOWARD. Not if he wants to speak. Committee of the Whole.
border, acting, as they did, as scouts and guides Mr. GRIMES. I understood he did. I have It proposes to authorize the President to through the mountains, and in furnishing informa
tion of the operations and movements of the enemy not had any conference with him since the bill l appoint a commissioner to ascertain the amount
in their front. Being citizens and residents of the counwas under consideration before; but I underof moneys expended by the State of West Vir
try in which they were required to operate, they were stand the Senator from Massachusetts has had. ginia in enrolling, supplying, equipping, sub- much more efficient for the purposes mentioned than
the United States troops could have been. During Mr. SUMNER. I have had; and he told sisting, transporting, and paying such State
the existence of these organizations many favorable me he should speak.
forces as have been called into service in that notices of their services were received from military Mr. HOWARD. Let it lie over.
State since the 20th day of June, 1861, to act commanders within the department. The duty perMr. GRIMES. I move to postpone the in concert with the United States forces in the
formed by them was of the most arduous and dan.
gerous character, and they were only paid for the further consideration of the bill until to
suppression of rebellion against the United time actually on duty.
The second class inentioned is for services rendered morrow. The motion was agreed to. the expenditures made by the State for the
by the militia of the Stato when called into actual
service. The principal portion is for services renpurposes named, allowing only for disburse
dered by six companies in the south western portion JOHN ERICSSON.
ments made and amounts assumed by the State of the State, organized by authority of Governor PeirMr. ANTHONY. I move that the Senate for enrolling, equipping, subsisting, transport
point, under the restored government of Virginia, in
1862. These companies were in the service continuproceed to the consideration of Senate billing, supplying, and paying such troops as were ously for nearly nine months, supplied with arms and No. 274. called into service by the Governor, at the
ammunition, but furnishing their own clothing and The motion was agreed to; and the bill (S. || request of the United States department com
subsistence. They were for the greater part of the
time under the command and subject to the orders of No. 274) for the relief of John Ericsson was mander commanding the district in which West Brigadier General Julius White, then commanding read the second time, and considered as in Virginia may at the time have been included, the district of east Kentucky, and other officers in the Committee of the Whole. Its purpose is to
United States service in that district. Of these comor by the express order, consent, or concur.
panies General White makes the following indorsedirect the Secretary of the Treasury to pay to rence of such commander, or which may have ment upon their muster and pay-rolls: "I had freJohn Ericsson the sum of $13,930, in full for been employed in suppressing rebellion in said quent and valuable services from these companies, his services in planning the United States war State. No allowance is to be made for any
and believe the time charged upon these rolls has
been fairly and honestly estimated, and ought to be steamer Princeton, and planning and superin- | troops which did not perform actual military paid." This indorsement is also concurred in by Hon. tending the construction of the machinery of service in full concert and coöperation with
Laban T. Moore and by Colonel John L. Zeigler, late that steamer. the authorities of the United States and sub
of the fifth Virginia infantry volunteers. The remain
ing portion of this class is for services rendered by the The bill was reported to the Senate without || ject to their orders. From the aggregate militia for shorter periods, and were called out usually amendment. amount found to be due, the commissioner is
at the suggestion of the department and district comMr. CONNESS. I should like to hear some
manders to act in concert with the United States troops to deduct the amount of direct tax due by the
in maintaining peace against guerrillas and in repelexplanation of the bill.
State to the United States under the act enti- ling hostile invasion. Mr. ANTHONY. The Senator from Cali- tled "An act to provide increased revenue
Of the necessity for the service of the independent fornia desires some explanation. I will make
companies and militia mentioned it may be said to from imports, pay interest on the public debt, have been absolute. West Virginia was a border it very briefly. This is the compensation and for other purposes," approved August 5, State, and her territory a matter of continual conawarded by the Court of Claims to John Erics- 1861.
troversy from the commencement to the end of the
rebellion; and while it was no doubt the intention of son for his services in planning the steamer In the adjustment of accounts the commis
the General Government to furnish protection to the Princeton. The bill is accompanied by a lengthy | sioner is not to allow for any expenditure or loyal people, yet froin the nature of the warfare report from the Court of Claims. The commit- || compensation for service at a rate greater than
which existed there, the United States troops sta
tioned within the State were inadequate for their tee have examined the case and have no doubt was at the time authorized by the laws of the protection, and without the assistance rendered by of the justice of the claim.
United States in similar cases. If from his the militia of the State a large portion of the territory Mr. CONNESS. That is satisfactory. report it shall appear that any sum remains
must have been abandoned, thus transferring the Mr. ANTHONY. Mr. Ericsson has been || due to the State, the Secretary of the Treasury
border from the mountains of West Virginia to the
Ohio river or beyond it. too busy, in building a navy for us to press it is to draw his warrant for the same, payable Of the other classes of claims it is, perhaps, unhimself here. to the Governor of the State, and deliver it to
necessary to speak. Suffice it to say, the subsistence The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a
and supplies charged for were furnished by the citihim. The commissioner before proceeding to zens of the State when the militia were called into third reading, was read the third time, and the discharge of his duties is to be sworn that he service, and when they could not be supplied by the passed. will carefully examine the accounts existing
State or the United States Government.
The company of militia wero organizing and drili. USE OF THE HALL. between the United States and the State of
ing, when it was attacked by a superior force of the Mr. DIXON. I wish to enter a motion to
West Virginia, and that he will to the best of enemy, and sixty-eight of the company were cap, reconsider the vote by which the Senate yeshis ability make a just, true, and impartial
tured and carried to southern prisons, forty-five of
whom died while in prison. The surviving members terday rejected the resolution granting to Mrs.
statement thereof, as required by this act. He of the company and the families of those who died Walling the use of the Chamber. is to receive such compensation for his ser
in prison were paid thirteen dollars per month only The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The movices as may be determined by the Secretary
from the date of capture to the date of death or
release from prison. tion will be entered.
of the Treasury. The sum of $368,548 37 The committee reporting the accompanying bill
is appropriated to carry the act into effect. recommend its passage. JOSEPII NOCK.
Mr. VAN WINKLE. I ask that the report Mr. VAN WINKLE. It is not necessary to Mr. RAMSEY. I move to proceed to the of the Military Committee in this case be read. add more than a few words to the report of the consideration of Senate joint resolution No. 71, The Secretary read the following report, committee. The bill in form is the same as a small resolution referring some papers to the which was submitted by Mr. Nesmith on the the bill that passed the Senate for the relief of Court of Claims. 27th of March:
the State of Missouri, while the amount of the The motion was agreed to; and the joint The Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia, claim is much less. The whole amount that resolution (S. R. No. 71) referring the petition
to whom was referred the joint resolution of the
can be paid to West Virginia under the bill is and papers in the case of Joseph Nock to the 1866, “to secure an appropriation by Congress for
only $368,000. The facts set forth in the report Court of Claims was read the second time, and tho payment of certain military claims created in sufficiently show that this expense was incurred considered as in Committee of the Whole. By
that State during the war," have had the same under
in repelling the invasion of the State, and in its provisions the claim of Joseph Nock for That from an examination of official documents carrying on the war on the part, as it were, of damages occasioned by the annulment of his and vouchers, together with the statement of Giov- the United States. Those troops were at all contract for furnishing locks and keys for the ernor Arthur I. Boreman and Adjutant General Peir
times under the command of United States offuse of the United States mail, and also for the
point, it appears that the State of West Virginin did
frequently called out by them. I have in my final appropriation for this matter. These the enemy and confined in southern prisons. hand letters and dispatches from major gen- || claims are all to come before a commissioner
The report says: erals, brigadier generals, and colonels, United | appointed, I believe, by the War Department,
"The company of militia were organizing and drillStates officers, calling the troops into requisi- who will examine them thoroughly. The whole ing, when it was attacked by a superior force of the tion. The report sets forth an indorsement amount is but $368,000, if we get it all; and
enemy and sixty-eight of the company were captured
and carried to southern prisons, Torty-five of whom made on the pay-rolls by General White in as we have within a few days passed a bill in
died while in prison. The surviving members of the reference to the efficiency of the service of these favor of Missouri, and another in favor of Penn- company, and the families of those who died in prison, troops, and expressing his opinion that the time || sylvania, and anotherin favor of Kansas, I trust
were paid thirteen dollars per month only from the
date of capture to the date of death or releaso from charged for is not excessive. The principal || the Senate will be disposed to look with favor
prison." charge is for the services of certain independent on this application of West Virginia. companies which were raised with the appro
Mr. FESSENDEN. I may be mistaken, but
Mr. HENDERSON. I believe this is an bation of the President and the War DepartI thought from the reading that the appropria: || by me in the Missouri case, with the
exact copy of the bill as originally prepared ment, and were armed and equipped by the tion in the bill was something over six hundred
of the number of commissioners. It was oriWar Department, and subsisted by the Depart- | thousand dollars. ment, but who otherwise were at the expense Mr. VAN WINKLE. Three hundred and || ginally prepared with three, but I preferred to of the State. No monthly pay was ever made sixty-eight thousand and some odd dollars.
have but one. The House of Representatives, to them by the General Government; and I Mr. FESSENDEN. What is the total
however, when that bill passed inserted three have among the papers an order from the Sec- | appropriation?
commissioners, and also added another amend. retary of War directing their disbandment at Mr. NESMITH. Three hundred and sixty- | ment, of which I do not recollect the precise the close of the war, which shows that they eight thousand five hundred and forty-eight || language, but I know they required the report
to be submitted to the accounting officers of were recognized as troops on the part of the dollars and thirty-seven cents. United States.
Mr. FESSENDEN. I understood it to be
the Treasury. Inasmuch as the bill would The service in West Virginia, as is known to read $600,000: I will inquire, for I did not
probably be amended in the House so as to
make it correspond with the Missouri bill, and most Senators, was very peculiar. The whole hear the details of the bill read, whether it is
inasmuch as the Missouri bill passed in that State is made up of spurs of the Alleghanies, || guarded with regard to the rates of payment of and consequently is a succession of high ridges, these troops, so as to bring it within military | way, and it will be nothing more than just to perhaps from one end of the State to the other. rules and the rules of the Department.
submit these claims to the same scrutiny, I The people of that country, accustomed to
Mr. VAN WINKLE. The sum that has been
will offer an amendment to insert after line
five of section five these words: these mountain paths, find their way in them | paid to these companies is but thirteen dollars at any time; but the service that was neces- month. That is to pay them for their time.
Who shall cause the same to be examined by the
proper accounting officers of the Treasury, and said sary there to protect the borders from invasion Then there is a small charge, not amounting to officers shall audit the accounts as in ordinary oases. was a very unwilling service on the part of | $5,000, for subsistence furnished by the State
So that the section will read : other troops who were called on to perform it. to these troops. Then there is a charge for a
That so soon as said commissioner shall have made The fact is they were in great danger of their company which, while drilling for the first time,
up said account and ascertained the balance, as hercin lives. They were in danger of being lost in I believe, were surprised and carried off-sixty- directed, he shall make written report thereof, showthe mountain paths, and by the peculiar knowl- | eight in number, of whom forty-five perished in
ing the different items of expenditure, as hereinbe
fore stated, to the Secretary of the Treasury, who edge of those to whom they were opposed in the prisons of the South. The State paid those
shall cause the same to be examined by the proper such a country they were in more danger than men from the time of their capture until their accounting officers of the Treasury, and said officers men would be under ordinary circumstances. death or release from captivity at the same rate,
shall audit the accounts as in ordinary cases, and if These independent companies, therefore, were --thirteen dollars a month.
from said report it sball appear that any sum remains
due to the said State, ho shall draw his warrant for raised for this service. They took charge mainly
Mr. FESSENDEN. The Senator did not the same, payable to the Governor of said State and of the frontier. They kept the State from understand me. I inquired if there was any
deliver it to him. being invaded and the property of everybody | provision by which the rates would be brought Mr. VAN WINKLE. I accept the amendplundered and carried off, and they were also, within the principles established by the War ment. as is fully stated in the papers, of immense ser- Department.
Mr. DOOLITTLE. I suggest that the lanvice to the regular United States troops, in
Mr. NESMITH. With the permission of guage should be," in ordinary cases as if the acting as scouts and furnishing them informa- the Senator from West Virginia, I will state same troops had been mustered into the sertion.
that the fourth section of the bill provides vice of the United States." It is proper to state, also, that the Govern- That in the adjustment of accounts under this act, Mr. HENDERSON. There is no necessity ment were hardly, at any time during the war,
the commissioner shall not allow for any expenditure for that. The Senator will see in the second able to furnish us sufficient troops for our pro
or compensation for service at a rate greater than was
at the time authorized by the laws of the United States section that it is sufficiently guarded in that tection, and that these troops were raised for in similar cases.
point. There can be no allowance under this that purpose. It is within my personal knowl- That fixes the amount in relation to that. bill for troops that were not called out by the edge that owing to some exigency arising in Then the third section provides:
United States commanders, or did not perform the military service elsewhere the troops were
That in making up said account, for the conven
service under them. If the Governor called withdrawn from our whole frontier; even the ience of the accounting officers of the Government, out troops they are not to be paid. I think troops guarding the railroad were withdrawn, the commissioner shall state separately the amounts the bill is correct and ought to be passed. I and their places supplied by militia. expended, respectively, for enrolling, equipping, arm
think that where United States commanders ing, subsisting, transporting, and paying said troops, But, sir, these papers come before Congress and from the aggregate amount he shall deduct the called out the militia of any State and forced in such a way that I think I need not enlarge
amount of direct tax due by the said State to the Uni- them to do service, and then required the State much on the subject. The Legislature of West
ted States, under the act entitled "An act to provide
to pay those troops, the General Government Virginia appointed a commission of respectable | publicdebt, and for other purposes," approved August | ought to pay the State. It is nothing but just and highly intelligent gentlemen to investigate
to West Virginia; and with the amendment I all these claims; and while the State has paid This claim was referred to me by the Com- have suggested, I think the bill ought to pass. in excess of the sum named in the bill some mittee on Military Affairs for investigation, and The words " said report” in the sixth line of sixty or seventy thousand dollars, yet, not deem- I took very great pains to examine into all the the fifth section should be changed to their ing those accounts as formal as they should be, || details in connection with it. I examined the reports;" so as to read, “and if from their they have not sent them here for payment. vouchers and the statements of the officers of reports it shall appear; " and then the bill will
I may state, also, that this is the only claim West Virginia. The vouchers were very much be correct. that West Virginia has against the Government. in detail. I had not an opportunity of exam. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved While there are now pending in the two Houses ining them all, but they were made out on blank to amend the bill by inserting at the end of claims from other States, amounting in some forms furnished by the War Department; and line five of section five, the words, "who shall cases to millions of dollars, for organizing and I must say that I have never examined a set of cause the same to be examined by the proper putting in motion their troops, West Virginia | papers which appeared to be more carefully || accounting officers of the Treasury, and said has no such claim. It is known that she fur- made out and more perfect in all their details. officers shall audit the accounts as in ordinary nished to the volunteers of the Army, inde- Mr. FESSENDEN. I am entirely satisfied. cases;'' and in line six by striking out the pendent of these troops whose payment is now The object of my inquiry was simply to find words "said report” and inserting “their asked for, thirty-three thousand men, equal, out whether the case was brought within the reports." when reduced to three years' men, to twenty | ordinary rules of the service.
MP. POMEROY. The bill in relation to seven thousand, while a great portion, one
Mr. NESMITH. It was thoroughly exam- Kansas, I believe, had the same provision in third, perhaps, of her population were inim- ined in all those respects. I will state that the it; I think it ought to be in at any rate. I do ical to the Government. She has had these item of $6,950 85 was the only point that I dis- not know but that all the bills on this subject extra claims, if they may be so considered, covered in all the investigation about which have had the same provision. thoroughly examined. The papers are all in there could be any possible doubt, and I think Mr. DOOLITTLE. The language of the regular order. They have been made out on that that is a matter which will appeal to the Kansas bill was that they were to be paid “as United States blanks, and I apprehend that the humanity of every member of this body. Six if they had been mustered into the service of commissioner who is to be appointed under this thousand nine hundred and fifty dollars and the United States." The only question which bill will have no difficulty in adjusting the claims | eighty-five cents was appropriated and paid by arose in my mind was whether the accounting satisfactorily.
the Legislature of West Virginia to the families officers of the Treasury, who are very technical The Senate will remember that this is not a of a company of militia who were captured by as to the law, would raise any question about