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amendment which I offer, it would be impos- course we understand on whatever we consume me that all constitutional objections to the sible for any railroad company to take the or manufacture of this cotton we pay a tax ; amendment proposed by the gentleman from responsibility of transporting a bale of cotton. but the object is to get not only a tax upon Maine [Mr. Lynch) could be obviated if the
Nr. MORRILL. I think the amendment that used by ourselves, but on what is con- gentleman from Vermont would state, as I is right. sumed and purchased by others.
understood him to state, that he is in favor of The amendment was agreed to.
There is another objection. We have been imposing a tax on cotton inanufactured in the Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by strik: desirous to avoid all constitutional scruples as United States and consumed in the United ing out the word "and" in the twenty-seventh to levying this tax. If we levy it upon our own States, in order to be able to impose such a line of the fifth section, and inserting in lieu people they have to pay the precise tax paid tax on cotton manufactured in the United States thereof the word “or.'
by those abroad. We obviate all objection on and consumed abroad. If that should be done, The amendment was agreed to.
the ground that this is an export duty in dis- then if a drawback is allowed on cotton es The next section was read, as follows: guise.
ported to foreign countries manufactured in SEC. 6. And he it further enacted, That upon arti- Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I move to make the United States, it might with equal propricles manufactured exclusively from cotton, when the drawback six cents.
ety be allowed on cotton manufactured in the exported, there shall be allowed as a drawback an
The CHAIRMAN. That is not germane to United States and consumed at home. Because, amount equal to the internal tax which shall have been assessed and paid upon such articles in their the pending amendment.
if no discrimination is made in cotton manufinished condition, and in addition thereto a draw- Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I move to strike factured and consumed here and against cotton back or allowance of as many cents per pound upon out the words when exported."
manufactured here and consumed abroad, there the pound of cotton cloth, yarn, or other articles manufactured exclusively from cotton and exported,
I understand the effect of this proposition to can be no evasion of the constitutional provisas shall have been assessed and paid in the form of give this drawback in favor of manufactured ion. And it seems to me if we can, without an internal tax upon the raw cotion entering into the manufacture of said cloth or other article, the
goods which are exported is to give a premium || invading the constituitional provision, do someamount of such allowance or drawback to be ascer- to the manufacturers of cotton goods. It holds thing for the poor men of the country who tained in such manner as may be prescribed by the out an inducement to manufacture cotton goods consume cotton manufactured here we ought Corumissioner of Internal Revenue, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury; and so much for exportation, and will of course increase the
to do it. of section one hundred and seventy-one of the act
manufacture of cotton goods in this country to Now, it is true, as the gentleman from Illiof June 30, 1864, to provide internal revenue to sup- some extent.
nois (Mr. HARDING] has said, that most of the port the Government, to pay interest on the pubSic debt, and for other purposes, as now provides
If they can make four cents by exporting it, consumers of cotton in this country are poor for a drawback on manufactured cotton, is hereby
or whatever the amount may be, it is to that men. They do not wear silks and broadcloths repcaled.
extent a discrimination in favor of the manu- as do the rich; and if a tax is imposed upon Mr. LYNCH. I move to amend by striking | facturer sending his goods to a foreign market. cotton manufactured in this country and conont, in the second line of this section, the words Or he will charge that on the consumers at sumed here, it must ultimately be paid by "when exported ;'' and also the words “and home. With the heavy tax upon cotton it will those who are least able to bear it. exported,” in the eighth line.
not be exported at all. It will amount to fifty I am in favor of fostering the manufacture Mr. Chairman, as has been said by one gen- per cent. of its cost. The manufacture of cot- of cotton. I shall vote for protection here tleman, a member of the Committee of Ways ton goods will then be done almost entirely in whenever the opportunity shall offer. But I and Means, the consumer of the cotton goods | this country, because it will be done fifty per cannot see why we should take this mode of must finally pay this tax as provided by the cent. cheaper in this country than in England. || fostering domestic manufacture, whether in bill. The effect of my amendment will be to It will be sufficient to put it into manufactured cotton or anything else, by a discrimination in relieve the consumer from this tax, and place | goods before exported. These cunning gen. favor of the purchaser in a foreign market and it only upon such portions of the crop as is ilemen will manufacture every bale into goods against the purchaser in our own market; in exported. It will accomplish what the gentle and get the drawback.
favor of the foreign consumer and against the man from Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS) seeks With the increased price who gets the money? home consumer. to accomplish by a constitutional amendment, The manufacturer. He takes the cotton bales I am in favor of the proposition of the genthe success of which is, I think, very doubtful. and turns them into cotton padding or any:
tleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. STEVENS,] This bill is presented as one designed to thing else he pleases. That is the effect of and I desire, as he does, to foster domestic manthis bill. We will get no revenue.
ufactures; but I do not wish to do it at the reduce the taxes of the people; yet it is pro ! posed to put a tax of five cents per pound on as they get the spindles at work they will turn expense of home consumers and for the benecotton goods, which are consumed mainly by them into rope or something else for exporta- fit of foreign consumers. I would do it in such the poorer classes of the people. The wealthy tion.
a way that the poor people of this country who people use silks, linens, &c., while the poor The principle upon which the revenue law consume cotton goods mainly may not have use more of the cotton goods. If this amend- is passed is violated by this provision. We this heavy burden to bear. ment be adopted, the consumers of cotton tax that article which enters into the consump- The CÉAIRMAN. Debate is exhausted on goods in this country will be relieved of the tion of every man, woman, and child, white this amendment. tax, while it will be placed on the exported or black, in the country, and especially the Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I withdraw it. cotton. I presume this will satisfy those per. || largest portion is used by the poorer classes. Mr. STEVENS. I move to strike out the sons who go for an export tas upon cotton, || The tax is heaviest upon those who wear coarse word “exported." I believe it is there someand also that class of gentlemen liere who are cotton goods. They must pay this tax, and where. in favor of reducing the tax; for it will reduce they almost exclusively, as has been said by I agree with the gentleman from Maine (Mr. the tax to just the amount of the drawback upon the gentleman from Maine, although those who || Lyxcu) if you could fairly reach what he is at; the amount manufactured in the United States. have the means of paying these taxes are by that is, if he would make it ten cents, and then You raise revenue simply on the amount ex- these means exempted. The tax will ulti- withdraw the home duty so as to leave it on ported. As to the amount consumed in this mately be extracted from the toiling millions the exported article, it would come to just country, the tax upon it would be paid finally of the country.
what I propose in my constitutional amendby the consumer here.“
I protest against indirect taxation of the ment which I sent to the committee the other Mr. MOORHEAD. The gentleman's prop- absolute necessaries of life. My constituents | day. I think there never was a grander time osition would amount to a tax on exports. are clothed almost exclusively in cotton'goods. in the world for the manufacturing of all the Mr. LYNCH. Certainly it would.
They use some woolens but mostly cotton cotton for the world wherever civilized man Mr. MOORHEAD. Can you do that con- goods. They sleep on cotton, they walk in
An export duty of ten cents on cotton stitutionally?
cotton, and no matter what the price of corn would give to your home manufactures the Mr. LYNCH. I suppose no one will doubt is they must pay the tax. I am opposed to it. markets of the world. That is the true way to the constitutional power to collect the tax in I am opposed to anything like these drawbacks protect home industry and to wrest from forthe first place; and I think there can be no on cotton goods. If manufacturers turn this eigners a revenue which shall pay off your doubt that the Government has the right to cotton into the manufactured article let it go national debt. That is what ought to be done. remit this tax by way of drawback.
to foreign countries without drawback. By I suggest to the gentleman from Maine [Mr. It seems to me we ought not to put this heavy || making a discrimination between cotton goods | Lynch) that I would go for an amendment of tax upon the pocrer class of the community, and the raw cotton you do violate the principles ten cents provided it was not liable to the while we are reducing the taxes generally in | referred to.
objection, as a gentleman here suggests, of this bill.
[Here the hammer fell.]
chasing the old fellow around the stump; for Mr. MORRILL. I am somewhat surprised Mr. PAINE. I rise to ask the gentleman | it is whipping the devil around the stump there at the motion of the gentleman from Naine. from Vermont [Mr. MORRILL.) a single ques. || is no mistake. (Laughter.] Although he has always said he was in favor tion. He stated that he was in favor of im- Mr. LYNCH. No matter, if you can only of the tax, yet in his motion he is in favor of posing a tax on cotton manufactured in the hit him. [Laughter.] refunding the tax we are proposing to levy, United States and consumed in the United Mr. STEVENS. Now, as to the effect which
Mr. LYNCH. I will say that I intended to States so that a tax might also be imposed the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. HARDING) propose an increased tax of ten cents per | upon cotton exported to foreign countries. speaks of, I should be glad if this measure did pound, and then to have given this drawback. Mr. MORRILL. Upon raw cotton exported. have that effect, if it did induce our people to But I did not get an opportunity to offer that Mr. PAINE. I understand him now as in manufacture every dollar's worth of the cotton amendment.
favor of imposing a tax on manufactured cot- we raise, and send it abroad in a manufactured Mr. MORRILL. The gentleman not hav. ton made in the United States so that he may shape. I should be glad if our institutions and ing had an opportunity to offer that will see be able to impose a tax upon raw cotton ex- laws were so framed that in Illinois there would that he ought not to have offered this. Of ll ported to foreign countries. Now, it seems to be hundreds of thousands of spindles; that the
engines which in Europe do the work of twenty crimination against the poor of the country, in in other parts of the bill, there might be some million men should be planted all over this favor of the rich of this country and the people || force in the argument of the gentleman. But country to do the work here, so as to increase of foreign nations.
as we go on through the bill we will find vastill further the necessity for laboring men and It seems to me that the system of legislation rious sections bearing almost exclusively upon augment their wages.
here for the last few years has been to discrim. the wealthier classes of the community. It is My friend from Wisconsin (Mr. PAINE] says inate in favor of the wealthy, in favor of the not right, therefore, to make an argument that he wants to see the provision so fixed as manufacturers, in favor of the bondholders, in against any particular section because it applies to favor the poor men who are clothed in cot- favor of the capitalists and monopolists of the to a certain class more than to another. When ton. Who makes the cotton? Who manufac- country, and to impose the burdens of the
we come to the portion relating to the income tures it? Is it not the poor man? Why not Government upon the agriculturists, upon the tax we will find enough to offset anything that so arrange it that you can raise his wages? poor men of the West and of the South, and may be in this section. You can do it by increasing the manufacturing even the poor men of the East, shifting it from I trust the argument brought to bear against interests of this country. When you have done the shoulders of the wealthy who ought to bear this particular section will not be considered that, when you have given the laborer his the principal burden of the Government. to have any special weight. It seems to me wages, he can afford to pay for what he con- [Here the hammer fell.]
that it is important to allow a drawback on sumes, and when you have done that you will Mr. GRISWOLD. The main object, I sup
cotton exported when manufactured in order double the price of the products of Wisconsin pose, of the bill under consideration is the rais
to enable our manufacturers to compete with and Illinois ; you will have a market at home ing of revenue, and I presume it will be con
the manufacturers of other nations in foreign for your products and not have to send them ceded by all that the more generally you can
markets. We have hitherto had access to the abroad to feed the laborer of Europe. But I distribute the tax the less onerous it is.
markets of China and the Indies for our poorer do not despair of seeing the constitutional Now, I desire, for the information of the qualities of cotton goods, and have held our amendment allowing an export duty on cotton gentlemen who have made use of the argument own there against the looms of England and passed before the close of the session ; if my that this tax will oppress the poor of the coun
other nations. In order to maintain that asfriend from Iowa [Mr. Wilson) will only | try, that the Clerk will read from the report
cendency we must allow a drawback on goods report it back, I am sure we shall pass it, and of the revenue commission the extract I have exported. It seems to me but simple justice that the country will approve it, and then our marked showing the bearing of this tax on
to our manufacturers, who export to foreign country will become the great hive of manucotton.
markets where they must contend with the facturing industry for all the civilized nations The Clerk read as follows:
manufacturer of England, to allow the draw. of the world this side of the Indies.
back here proposed. It is not an excessive "The above proposed rate of taxation on cotton, [Here the hammer fell.] it is believed, will not prove in any degree detri
drawback. All those who testified in favor of Mr. STEVENS. I withdraw my amend- mental to any national interest, and will yield a a tax upon cotton also testified that in order to ment. revenue, at twenty-two dollars per bale, of $22,000,000
maintain our foothold in tho markets a drawMr. MARSHALL.
for every million bales produced and sold for conI move pro formâ to
sumption. With a crop of three million bales, and back equivalent to the excise tax will be absostrike out all after the word “drawback?' in a tax of five cents per pound, the Government might lutely necessary. the third line and insert in lieu thereof one derive an annual revenue of $66,000,000; or of $88,000,000 on a crop of four million bales, which
I now withdraw my amendment to the amendhalf cent per pound." I do it merely for the would be less than the crop of 1859-60. Of this sum
ment. purpose of submitting a remark or two in re- if the consumption of the United States shall reach, Mr. MORRILL. Before the amendment of gard to the subject of taxation upon cotton.
in either of these years, the consumption of 1860-the
the gentleman from New York [Mr. RAYMOND] I am opposed on principle to the whole tax; twenty-one million dollars; and it is believed that
is withdrawn, I desire to say a few words. The at least I think if there is any at all, it should there are few taxes which can be levied which would debate has wandered widely from the proposi. be very small in amount. And it is for this be so slight a burden to the consumer. The consump
tion of the gentleman from Maine, [Mr. Lynch.) tion of cotton per head in the United States, at the reason: in raising revenue to support the Gov- highest point ever attained to, bas notexceeded twelve But it may be as well to confess that upon this ernment, we should endeavor, as far as possi- pounds. A tax of five cents per pound would there- section rests the whole question in relation to ble, to impose the burdens of the Government
fore be an average of about sixty cents to each in-
the imposition of a productive tax upon cotton. upon the wealthy, and not upon the poor. As the crop of the present year, in the opinion of
So far at least as I ain concerned it certainly The effect of this tax upon cotton is mani- competent persons consulted by the commission, is does. I shall not be in favor of the tax if we festly to shift the burdens of the Government not likely to be less than two million bales, and
so hamper it as to secure all the trade in cotif good seed can be obtained inay exceed this figure, from the rich to the poor.
The cotton fabrics
ton manufactures now and forever to British of the country are consumed almost exclu- ment may safely rely for the fiscal year ending June looms and spindles. sively—the heavy articles especially-by the 30, 1867, upon a revenue from this source of at least
The question arises here, and it is suggested $10,000,000. laboring white men of the country, and by the With an increase of the crop, in subsequent years, by the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. Hardpoor freedmen. By reducing the tax upon beyond two million bales per annum, accompanied ING,] that we are made to pay more for our incomes, and increasing it upon cotton, you by a consequent reduction of the market price of
cotton goods at home, in consequence of allowthe same, a corresponding reduction of the proposed are shifting the burdens of the Government
rate of tax may probably be found expedient; but, ing this drawback upon manufactures exported. from the rich to the poor, and putting the tax in any event, the commission believe that for the Now, with all respect for that gentleman, I do directly upon the poor men of the country future an average revenue from cotton of at least
not conceive that to be the fact of the case. $50,000,000 may undoubtedly be relied upon. which ought to be imposed upon the wealthy
Mr. UPSON. Will the gentleman from Ver. men of the country.
Mr. MARSHALL. I withdraw my amend- mont (Mr. Morrill] allow me to ask him a This tax upon cotton will not be felt by the ment.
question ? wealthy monopolist whose family are clothed Mț. ALLISON. I move to strike out this Mr. MORRILL. I prefer not to be interin silks and satins, and in expensive imported | entire section.
rupted now. If we do not allow this drawgoods from foreign countries.
He will pay no
The CHAIRMAN. That motion is not ger- back, then the result will be that we shall not part of it. The wealthy man who can afford mane to the amendment of the gentleman from manufacture the amount of cotton we have to wear fine linen will pay no part of it; but Maine, (Mr. LYNCH,] which is pending, to hitherto done, or shall not manufacture any inthe poor and humble men at the South, at the strike out the words " when exported' and creased amount to send abroad. Now, would West, and at the East, and all over the counalso the words and exported.
it not be to the advantage of this country if we try will hear the burden of the tax that is im
Mr. RAYMOND. Is debate exhausted on were to admit raw silk, and the means of manposed by this provision of the bill. And I the pending amendment?
ufacturing it, and laborers to manufacture it, must say here, that while there are many feat
The CHAIRMAN. It is.
to come here and manufacture a large amount ures of this bill of which I approve, if these Mr. RAYMOND. I move, pro formâ, to of silk goods such as we now import from abroad, clauses are retained I shall feel compelled to strike out the word "exported" from the even if we allowed them to be exported and vote against the entire bill when it is submit- amendment of the gentleman from Maine, reimported to this country? Would not so ted for the determination of a vote of the [Mr. LYNCH.] I do it merely for the purpose much added to the industry of the country be House.
of having an opportunity of saying that I think a public benefit? Would it not be a blessing to This clause which we are immediately con- there is much in the argument of the gentle. the State of Wisconsin and the State of Illinois sidering I regard as exceedingly objectionable. man from Illinois (Mr. Marshall] that is to have one hundred thousand more laborers What is the effect of it? You propose to raise | entirely misplaced. The appeal that he makes | employed than they now have consuming their the tax to five cents per pound on the raw on behalf of the poor of this country is entirely || products ? Certainly that would be a desiracotton of the country; and when it is manu- misplaced, is based on a wrong estimation of ble result. factured here, and the poor man of the coun- the facts.
As to this drawback making our products try buys his shirt or his calico or the humble He asserts that cotton goods are used exclu- here any higher for our people, I say, with all garments to clothe his wife and children, he | sively by the poor, while the rich use linen, respect, that that proposition is an absurdity; must bear the burden of this tax; but when it silk, and other expensive articles. Now, while for the only duty that is levied upon our goods is exported to Germany or France, or any other it is true that the poor use little but cotton, it is levied upon the raw cotton and upon the foreign country, you take off this tax; you lay is also equally true that the rich use far more manufactured cotton. Does it make any difthe burden upon the poor men of this country, cotton than the poor do, and pay far more of ference in regard to the prices of what we conwhile you are furnishing shirts and other gar- the tax upon cotton in proportion.
sume, whether there shall be one million more ments to the men of other countries at a lower Now, I desire to call the attention of the bales of cotton manufactured in this country price than you are furnishing them for to the gentleman and of the House to this fact in or not? Certainly not. But by the introduccitizens of your own country. It is an unjust addition. If this section of the bill stood by | tion of improved machinery and the employand, it seems to me, a most outrageous dis- itself, and there were no compensating clauses ment of a larger force of laborers in manufac
turing cotton, we should inevitably in a short I do not think for the next three or four that the committee rise for the purpose of time reduce the cost of even what we consume years we will have erected many new manu- adjourning. at home.
factories of cotton goods. The cost of ma- Mr. MORRILL. Dispose of this section As I stated in my remarks of yesterday, we chinery is too great. There are manufactories | first. allow the same principle to apply to any other enough to manufacture what is needed for this Mr. SPALDING. We cannot get through. article of manufacture. For one, I would be country, and I am not willing to take money Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. If the very glad to apply it to everything in the way out of the Treasury to encourage that industry. vote caz be taken now, I will withdraw it. of manufactures that it is possible to make pro- I would be willing to encourage it, but not to The question being taken on the amendvision for, so that we may accurately ascertain take money from the Treasury that we put ment of Mr. Allison to strike out seetion the amount of duty that has been paid upon there to pay the interest on our debts and to six, no quorum voted. the raw material. Suppose, for instance, we meet current expenses,
Tellers were ordered ; and the Chairman could provide some means by which we could Theevidence is that the manufacturers of cot- appointed Messrs. RANDALL of Pennsylvania, ascertain the duties paid upon the raw materials ton goods need no protection at home; that they and KUYKENDALL. used in the article of shovels, manufactured by can compete successfully with British manufac- The committee divided ; and the tellers res the distinguished gentleman from Massachu- turers of cotton. I know gentlemen
ported-ayes 14, noes 56; no quorum voting. setts, [Mr. Ames,] a large sale of which he has is a certain class of cotton articles in this coun- Mr. ANCONA. I raise the point of order hitherto enjoyed in Australia on account of the try in which we cannot compete with British that there being no quorum present it is necessuperior quality of the article he made. He
manufacture, low-price cotton goods, but they sary that the roll shall be called. is now perhaps in some danger of competition are a small amount. But we have not exported, Nr. MORRILL. I regret that the gentle. fre manufacturers abroad, so that that trade for the last four or five years, any great amount man makes that point, but if insists of may become extinct. Would it not be a proper of cotton goods.
course we shall have to adjourn. I was in course of legislation if we could reach the mat- A leading gentleman of a manufacturing hopes we should sit until ten o'clock each night. ter precisely and ascertain the amount of duties county of Massachusetts said, before the com- Mr. ANCONA. I will withdraw the point paid by him upon the iron and steel he uses, mittee and before the revenue commissioners, of order if the gentleman will move an adjournto allow him a drawback upon the shovels he that the tax to-day was paid by the manufac- ment at ten o'clock. may manufacture and send to Australia ? And turer of cotton, and not by the consumer- Mr. MORRILL. I will as soon as we take the same remark applies to boots and shoes, to why? Because of the great advance in cotton. the question on striking out this section. I agricultural implements and to steam engines We allow a drawback on the exportation of think the House is ready to vote on it. in which our artisans particularly excel. manufactured goods, and we also allow two Mr. ANCONA. I will withdraw it with the
That is all we propose to do in relation to cents drawback on raw cotton. I think that understanding that the committee rise. this article of cotton. Even if the amount is sufficient until we test the effect of this law. Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania, This is manufactured should be no more than was Therefore I am in favor of letting the draw- a very important question and we ought to manufactured before the war, I want to set in back remain as it is. I believe this tax on raw
have a quorum. motion all those factories that have been stopped cotton is an experiment. I think we can stand The question being again taken on striking since the war of the rebellion began even in the a small daty on cotton. I do not believe, when out the section, there were-ayes 20, noes 60; Sonth. Take the one hundred and cighty-five we produce from five to six and ten million no quorum voting. cotton manufactories in a single State, the most bales, we can afford to levy a heavy tax when Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. PERHAM of which are now idle ; pass this bill, and we exported from the country.
and Eldridge were appointed. at once set them in motion again.
[Here the hammer fell.]
The committee divided ; and the tellers Does any gentleman object? I cannot see Mr. BLAINE. What is the average duty reported-ayes 28, nocs 65. for myself how any gentleman will object. If on manufactured cotton goods abroad?
So the motion to strike out the section was we succeed in manufacturing the whole cotton Mr. ALLISON. Twenty-eight per cent. disagreed to. crop I would gladly give it up, because instead Mr. BLAINE. Do I understand the gen- The Clerk commenced to read the seventh of a revenue of forty-four we would have added tleman to say that with an average duty of section. to the wealth of the country more than one twenty-eight per cent. abroad and an excise Mr. MORRILL moved that the committee hundred million.
duty of five per cent., American manufactures rise. Mr. PAINE. I rise for the purpose of ask- can compete with foreign manufactures ?
The motion was agreed to. ing the gentleman from Vermont if he can Mr. ALLISON. That is not my statement. So the committee rose; and the Speaker inform us how large a proportion of the cotton My statement is only the testimony of Mr. having resumed the chair, Mr. Dawes reported crop is manufactured in the United States, in | Aikinson, a distinguished manufacturer of Bos- that the Committee of the Whole on the state order that the House may judge how large a ton, who said to the Committee of Ways and of the Union had had under consideration the proportion of the internal revenue of the Uni- Means that the manufactures of cotton could special order, being bill of the Honse No. 513, ted States would be lost if a drawback be | compete in the future in the finest articles. to amend an act entitled "An act to provide allowed.
Mr. BLAINE. Of course that gentleman internal revenue to support the Government, Mr. MORRILL. From one quarter to one must have meant that with the existing rate of to pay interest on the public debt, and for other third-perhaps not more than one fifth usnally duties, both external and internal, we could purposes,'' approved June 30, 1864, and acts of the cotton crop is used in America, and not compete. He could not have meant anything amendatory thereof, and had ce ne to no conmore than one tenth of that is manufactured else than that. I admit that. If we need an clusion thereon. by us for export. The amount is very trifling. | import duty of twenty-eight per cent. to enable And then, on motion of Mr. WINDOM, (at
Mr. RAYMOND, by unanimous consent, us to compete here, to place us on a level at ten o'clock p. m.,) the House adjourned. withdrew his amendment.
home, it is a simple absurdity our competing The question recurred on Mr. Lyncu's | with any foreign market. Therefore, unless amendment, and it was disagreed to.
PETITIONS, ETC. we give to the American manufacturers the
The following petitions, &c., were presented under Mr. ALLISON. I move to strike out the advantages we propose in this section, we just the rule and referred to the appropriate committees: entire section.
simply give up all idea, we surrender here and By Mr. BAXTER: The petition of Hon. Russell S. Mr. Chairman, the only theory on which this now all pretense of competing anywhere except
Taft, and llon. A. L. Catlin, and others, citizens of
the city of Burlington, Vermont, praying for an additax on raw cotton can be justificd, and the on our own soil.
tional tariff on foreign wool. only theory on which it is justified, is that we Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I would ask the Also, the petition of lion, Amasa Pound, and 42 have the monopoly of the production of cot- gentleman whether cotton manufacturers at
others, citizens of Lowell, Orleans county, Vermout, ton. The testimony taken before the revenue
praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool. the present time are not able to compete with Also, the petition of Joseph Marsh, and 61 others, commissioners, as well as that taken before | foreign manufacturers in a great many articles.
citizens of Hinesburg, Chittenden county, Vermont, the committee, was to the effect that we would Mr. BLAINE. I do not pretend to say but
praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
Also, the petition of C. C. Burton, and 27 others, have the monopoly of the production of cotton they do.
citizens of St. Alban's Bay, Franklin county, Vermont, in this corintry:
Nr. MORRILL. I will state that for the last praying for an additional tariff on forcign wool. The proposition of the committee is to take two or three months our manufacturers have
By Mr. BEAMAN: The petition of H. B. Tucker,
and others. citizens of the counties of Ingham, Eaton, from the Treasury of the United States what- been doing a losing business, and many have Jackson, Calhoun, and Hillsdale, Michigan, praying ever amount of revenue we collect from the stopped.
for an extension of the land grant to aid in the conraw cotton manufactured in the United States Mr. BLAINE. I do not hesitate to say that
struction of the Amboy, Lansing, and Grand Traverse
Bay railroad. for exportation and placing it in the hands of it is a perfect absurdity to attempt in this coun- By Mr. DAWES: The petition of Thomas Allen, of manufacturers of cotton goods.
try to compete with these manufactures, for we Massachusetts, for the allowance of a claim. For one I am in favor of protecting the man- have demonstrated over and over again that
By Mr. DENISON: The petition of 0. De Mesnil,
proposing to introduce into the United States a new ufacture of cotton wherever it needs protec- with from twenty-five to forty per cent. before mode for the towage of boats on chains or cables. tion, but the testimony is that the manufac- our excise taxes were put on, we could not By Mr. ECKLEY: The petition of 96 wool-growers turers do not need any protection. It is true compete with them. Therefore, to take the of Carroll county, Ohio, asking an additional duty on
wool, they cannot manufacture what is needed in ground of the gentleman from Iowa, [Mr. Also, the petition of 30 wool-growers of Smithfield, this country. It is therefore that I am not pre- Allison,] and strike that drawback section Jefferson county, Ohio, ou the same subject. pared to take money out of the Treasury of the out, is simply giving up all and surrendering
By Mr. HOLMES: Remonstrance of Dwight H.
Clarke, and others, citizens and practicing attorneys United States, when it has been placed there to British and other foreign manufacturers. of Chemango county, New York, against passage of to raise revenue, and to place it in the hands That must be the inevitable result.
act reorganizing the Federal judiciary. of the manufacturers of cotton goods, to spe- [Here the hammer fell.]
By Mr.-KELSO: A petition from the citizens of cially stimulate that interest.
Springfield, Missouri, for a law regulating inter-Stato Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I move insurances of all kinds.
By Mr. McINDOE: The petition of C. Moser, and they now suffer; which were referred to the session of Congress, the Secretary of the Senate shall others, asking that a mail route be established from Committee on Finance.
make a list of all nominations not acted upon by the Alma, Buffalo county, Wisconsin, to Durand, Pepin county, Wisconsin,
Mr. WILLEY. I present the memorial of
Senate, and after having made a record thereof, shall
transmit the same to the President. Also, the petition of IIugh Douglas, and others, one hundred and sixty-two citizens of Harper's asking for the extension of mail route No. 131154 from Melrose, Jackson county, Wisconsin, to Sparti, Ferry, West Virginia, setting forth the fact that
The report was ordered to be printed. Monroe county, Wisconsin. they purchased homesteads in that village from
Mr. GRIMES, from the Committee on Naval Also, the petition of 0. L. Maxson, asking that the Government of the United States, and con
Affairs, to whom was referred a joint resolumail route No. 13166, from Reed Landing, Minnetributed to the building up of the town, with
tion (H. R. No. 1330) to carry into immediate sota, to Bay City, be extended to Prescott, Wisconsin; also, for the establishing of a mail route from
the assurance of the Government that the effect the bill to provide for the better organiRiver Falls, Pierce county, Wisconsin, to Brooks- armory established there would be permanent;
zation of the pay department of the Navy; ville, St. Croix county, Wisconsin. Also, the petition of Otis B. Isapham, and 310 but in consequence of the results growing out
reported it with an amendment. others, in relation to the disposition of the grant of of the war the armory has ceased to employ
Mr. WILLEY, from the Committee on the land to the State of Wisconsin to aid in the con- any hands there in the service of the Govern
District of Columbia, to whom was referred a 'struction of a railroad from Portage City, or Berlin, ment, so that work has been discontinued, and
bill (S. No. 295) repealing the thirty-fourth or Fond du Lac, or Doty's Island, to Bayfield, on Lake Superior. they are nearly ruined in consequence of the
section of the declaration of rights of the State Also, the petition of H. Lowis, and 63 others, pray- depreciation of their property growing out of
of Maryland so far as the same has been recing for the passage of a law for the regulation of inter-State insurance.
these facts; and they conclude by asking that I ognized or adopted in the District of ColumAlso, asking a mail route from Manston, Juneau the Government may dispose of the property
bia, reported it without amendment. county, Wisconsin, by Germantown, to Werner, Ju- owned by it at the junction of the rivers to a
Mr. EDMUNDS, from the Committee on neau county, Wisconsin. By Mr. MORRILL: The petition of Isaac H. Mormanufacturing company or otherwise, so that
Pensions, to whom was referred a bill (S. No. gan, and others, citizens of Poultney, Rutland county, the property may be still valuable, otherwise
72) for the relief of Ruth Ellen Grelaud, widow Vermont, praying for an additional tariff on foreign they will be utterly ruined. I ask the refer
of John H. Grelaud, deceased, submitted an wool. Also, the petition of J. R. Parish, and 55 others, ence of this memorial to the Committee on
adverse report thereon ; which was ordered to citizens of Randolph. Orange county, Vermont, prayMilitary Affairs and the Militia.
be printed. ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
It was so referred.
Mr. MORRILL, from the Committee on the Also, the petition of Hon. R. M. Bell, and 36 others, citizens of Topsham, Orange county, Vermont, pray
Mr. CRESWELL presented the petition of
District of Columbia, to whom was referred a ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool. George C. Cooper and John G. Mitchell, on
bill (S. No. 97) in addition to the several acts Also, the petition of Hon. Augustus P. Huntoon, behalf of a large number of citizens of Prince
for establishing the temporary and permanent and 42 others, citizens of Bethel, Windsor county, Vermont, praying for an additional tariff on foreign
George county, Maryland, praying for the estab- seat of government of the United States, and wool. lishment of a póst route from Buena Vista to
to resume the legislative powers delegated to Also, the petition of T. A. Roundy, and 103 others, Mitchellsville and Coopersville, in that county;
the cities of Washington and Georgetown and citizens of Windsor county. Vermont, praying for an which was referred to the Committee on Post the levy court in the District of Columbia, increase of tariff on wool equal to protection given to the manufacturers of woolens. Offices and Post Roads.
reported it with amendments. By Mr. ORTH: The petition from officers and sol- Mr. POMEROY presented the memorial of
He also, from the same committee, to whom diers of Indian brigades, asking for bounties. Lucy B. Armstrong, in behalf of certain stew
was referred a bill (S. No. 265) to protect the By Mr. PAINE: The petition of George W. McCalvy, and others, citizens of Wheatland, Kenosha ards of the Wyandot and Quindaro mission,
manufacturers of mineral waters in the Discounty, Wisconsin, for incrcase of duty on foreign Kansas conference of the Methodist Episcopal | trict of Columbia, and for other purposes, wools, Also, the petition of Thomas Slade, and others,
church, praying for an appropriation of $6,000 reported it with amendments. citizens of Wheatland, Kenosha county, Wisconsin, for the purpose of building churches and en
He also, from the same committee, to whom for increase of duties on foreign wools. closing the graveyards of the Wyandot Indians
was referred a bill (H. R. No. 510) to incorpoBy Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts: The petition of Franklin Childs, and 41 others, tobaccowith permanent enclosures; which was referred
rate the Academy of Music of Washington city, growers in the town of Conway, Massachusetts, askto the Committee on Indian Affairs.
reported it with an amendment. ing for increased protection against the importation
Mr. MORRILL. The same committee, to
PAPERS WITHDRAWN. of cigars.
whom was referred a bill (S. No. 305) to amend Also, the petition of George W. Groves, and 33 On motion of Mr. STEWART, it was an act entitled “An act concerning notaries othery, tobacco-growers in the town of Sunderland, Ordered, That John Graham have leave to withMassachusetts, for the same purpose,
public in the District of Columbia,'' approved By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: The petition of William
draw his petition and other papers from the files of
April 8, 1864, have instructed me to report that H. Hull, and 80 others, citizens of Wells, Rutland county, Vermont, praying for an additional tariff on
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
legislation on the subject is inexpedient. I foreign wool.
move that the bill be indefinitely postponed. Also, the petition of Seymour Harwood, and 58 Mr. LANE, of Indiana, from the Commit
The motion was agreed to. others, citizens of Rupert, Bennington county, Ver
tee on Pensions, to whom was referred the mont, praying for an additional tariff on foreign
BILLS INTRODUCED. petition of Enos Kellsy, of Napoli, Cattarauwool. Also, the petition of Horatio Templeton, and oth
gus county, New York,' setting forth that he Mr. DOOLITTLE. I have received a letter ers, citizens of Washington county, Verniont, pray
has not a dollar's worth of property in the from the Secretary of the Interior, relating to ing for an additional tariff on foreign wool.
world, and that of seven sons who entered the the Sioux Indians, accompanied by a bill. I Also, the petition of Jason P. Lord, and 42 others, service of the United States at the outbreak of ask leave without previous notice to introduce citizens of Reedsboro, Bennington county, Vermont, praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool. the rebellion, he lost three, and praying that the bill that it may be read twice, referred to
Also, the petition of S. W. Webster, and 42 others, he may be granted a pension, asked to be dis- the Committee on Indian Affairs, and printed. citizens of Stamford, Bennington county, Vermont, praying for an additional tax on foreign wool. charged from its further consideration, and that
There being no objection, leave was granted Also, the petition of Charles M. Bruce, and 44 oth- it be referred to the Committee on Military to introduce a bill (S. No. 312) to restore to ers, citizens of Danbury, Rutland county, Vermont, Affairs and the Militia ; which was agreed to.
certain bands of Sioux Indians the balance of praying for an additional tariff on foreign wool. Mr. WADE, from the Committee on the Dis. certain annuities heretofore confiscated; which
trict of Columbia, to whom was referred a bill was read twice by its title, referred to the ComIN SENATE.
(S. No. 289) to provide for the probate of and mittee on Indian Affairs, and ordered to be WEDNESDAY, May 9, 1866.
for the recording of wills of real estate situated | printed.
in the District of Columbia, and for other pur- Mr. CHANDLER asked, and by unanimous Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. The Journal of yesterday was read and poses, reported adversely thereon.
consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. approved.
He also, from the same committee, to whom No. 313) to regulate the transportation of nitro
was referred a bill (H. R. No. 182) to incor- glycerine, or glynoin oil; which was read twice PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
porate the Howard Institute and Home of the by its title, referred to the Committee on ComMr. MORGAN presented the petition of District of Columbia, reported it without amend- merce, and ordered to be printed. Charles W. Whitney, praying for additional ment.
Mr. HENDERSON asked, and by unani. compensation for building the iron-clad gun- Mr. LANE, of Kansas, from the Committee mons consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill boat Keokuk; which was referred to the
on Pensions, to whom was referred the peti. || (S. No. 315) to regulate appointments to and Committee on Naval Affairs.
tion of Mrs. Sarah J. Purcell, praying for a removals from office; which was read twice by Mr. COWAN presented the petition of John pension, submitted a report, accompanied by a lits title. A. Wood, and others, representing that they || bill, (S. No. 314,) for the relief of Sarah J. Pur- Mr. SUMNER. I should like to have that are engaged in running coal to market down cell. The bill was read and passed to a second bill read at length, if there be no objection. the Ohio river from Pittsburg, and that in the reading, and the report was ordered to be
Several SENATORS. Oh, no; let it be printed. prosecution of that business they are much || printed.
Mr. SUMNER. As the subject is under disannoyed and suffer great loss of property by Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on the cussion before the Senate now, I should really the bad navigation of the upper Ohio river, and Judiciary, to whom was referred the petition of
like to have it read. praying that Congress will grant the necessary | George W. Martin, praying for an investiga
Mr. HENDERSON. It is not lengthy. assistance for the purpose of preventing the tion of an alteration which he alleges to have Mr. SHERMAN. It is very unusual to read evil of which they complain; which was referred been made in the executive record of the Sen- bills at length when they are introduced. I to the Committee on Commerce.
ate, whereby the confirmation of his nomina- ask that it be printed. He also presented twenty-one petitions nu- tion as a military storekeeper in the Army was
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The order merously signed by citizens of Delaware county, not communicated to the President, in couse- to print will be entered, if there be no objection. Pennsylvania, praying for such a modification quence of which he failed to receive his com- Mr. EDMUNDS asked, and by unanimous of the internal revenue laws as will tend to mission, submitted a report thereon, accom
consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. relieve the manufacturing and laboring inter- panied by the following resolution:
No. 316) to establish a post route from West ests from the oppressive burdens under which
Resolved, That immediately upon the close of each " Alburg, Vermont, to Champlain, in the State 39TH Cong. IST SESS.No. 156.
of New York, and for other purposes; which The bill was ordered to a third reading, read tion by chasing ashore on the island of Cuba the was read twice by its title, and referred to the the third time, and passed.
insurgent steamer General Rusk alias Blancbe.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, Committee on Commerce. MESSAGE FROM TIE IIOUSE.
WILLIAM U. SEWARD. NATIONAL THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.
A message from the House of Representa- | Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. Mr. WADE. I am directed by the Commit- tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced
The amendment was agreed to. tee on the District of Columbia, to whom was that the House of Representatives had passed The bill was reported to the Senate as referred the bill (H. R. No. 352) to incorporate the following bills, in which it requested the amended; the amendment was concurred in. the National Theological Institute, to report it concurrence of the Senate:
The bill was ordered to be engrossed for back without amendment, and recommend its A bill (H. R. No. 567) to amend an act to a third reading, was read the third time and passage, and I am requested to ask for its im- establish the grade of vice admiral in the Uni- || passed. mediate consideration. Those who have it in ted States Navy; and
SMITHSONIAN REPORT. charge are exceedingly anxious that it should A bill (H. R. No. 568) to repeal section
Mr. ANTHONY. The Committee on Printpass now on account of the great synod that twenty-three of chapter seventy-nine of the ing, to whom was referred the resolution for is about to be held here in reference to it. If acts of the third session of the Thirty-Seventh printing extra copies of the Report of the Smith there be no objection-and there can be no Congress relating to passports.
sonian Institution, have instructed me to report objection to it that I can see-I ask that it be
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED.
it back with an amendment, by way of substiput on its passage now. There being no objection, the Senate, as in The message also announced that the Speaker | tute, and to ask for its present consideration.
By unanimous consent, the Senate proceeded Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider of the House of Representatives had signed the bill. It proposes to create and declare an enrolled joint resolution (H. R. No. 137)
to consider the resolution; and the amendment Abram D. Gillette, Edgar H. Gray, Edmund to provide for the exemption of crude petro
reported by the committee was agreed to; so Turney, Zalmon Richards, Robert J. Powell, leum from internal tax or duty, and for other
as to make the resolution read as follows: William T. Johnson, Henry Beard, Charles H. purposes ; and it was thereupon signed by the Resolved, That five thousand additional copies of Morse, Joseph C. Lewis, John S. Poler, David President pro tempore of the Senate.
the Report of the Board of Regents of the Smith
sonian Institution for the year ending 30th June, 1845, Rees, D. W. Anderson, Daniel C. Eddy, Leo
COMMANDER CHARLES HUNTER.
be printed; two thousand for the use of the Smithnard A. Grimes, Justice D. Fulton, William R.
sonian Institution and three thousand for the use of
Mr. GRIMES. I am instructed by the Com- the Senate: Provided. That the aggregate number of Williams, Isaac Westcott, Howard Malcom,
mittee on Naval Affairs, to whom was referred pages contained in said report shall not exceed four Joseph H. Kennard, Newton Brown, T. Dwight | the bill (S. No. 307) authorizing the restoration
hundred and fifty pages, without wood-cuts or plates Miller, and all persons who shall or may be
except those furnished by the Institution. of Commander Charles Hunter to the Navy associated with them, and their successors, a of the United States, to report it back with an
Mr. POMEROY. . I should like to inquire of body corporate and politic, in deed and in law, amendment.
the Senator from Rhode Island if he can give by the name of “the National Theological In
Mr. ANTHONY. I hope the Senator will
any assurance to the Senate about the time we stitute,'' with the usual powers of a corporation. ask for the present consideration of that bill.
shall get this Report in printed form. I make The object and purpose of this corporation There will be no objection to it.
this inquiry because about three months ago, on is to be for the education of persons for the
Mr. GRIMES. I ask the Senate now to
his motion, we voted for printing a large edition Christian ministry, and those associated with proceed with its consideration.
of Bancroft's oration, and we have not yet got them as assistants, in such course of theological
By unanimous consent, the bill was con
them. I have no objection to voting this order and general studies as may be deemed proper for sidered as in Committee of the Whole. The
if we can be assured that we shall have the that purpose; but no person is to be excluded amendment of the Committee on Naval Affairs copies during this session, or, indeed, at any from the advantages of education afforded by was to strike out all after the enacting clause
time during our lives. We voted also for printing the institute on account of theological belief. and insert the following:
another oration, delivered by my friend from The bill was reported to the Senate without
That the President of the United States be, and he || Maryland, [Mr. CRESWELL,] and we have not amendment.
is hereby, autborized to restore Charles Hunter, late got that yet. It occurs to me that we ought not Mr. POMEROY. I simply want to inquire a commander in the Navy, to the position which he to increase this public printing if we cannot get of the Senator reporting the bill whether this held on the retired list of the Navy when dismissed
it done. therefrom. is a corporation confined to this District by its
Mr. RIDDLE. As a member of the Com
Mr. GRIMES. I will state that at the outterms.
mittee on Printing, I will answer the question Mr. MORRILL. It is.
break of the rebellion, Commander Charles of my friend from Kansas. The difficulty in Mr. POMEROY. I listened to the reading Hunter was an officer of the Navy on the re- getting out the oration of Mr. Bancroft arose of the bill, and I thought that by its terms it
tired list. He was appointed to the command from the fact of the printers not having been was not confined to the District
. It simply | of a vessel which was employed in keeping up able to get the steel plate of Mr. Lincoln to put says that they may have a right to do anything the blockade. In the discharge of his duties
in the book. The delay is not the fault of the not inconsistent with the laws of the District, he pursued a blockade-runner, and ran her
printing office. That, however, does not interbut if I heard it aright, it is not confined to the ashore upon the coast of Cuba, and destroyed fere with other
printing. District by express terms. her while he was within a marine league of the
Mr. ANTHONY. I presume this will be Mr. WADE. Their principal place of busi
shore. The Spanish Government took umbrage printed with the usual rapidity. The pressure ness is here, and if they do business in other at that action of an officer of this Government,
on the printing office has been very great durStates they expect to get acts of incorporation | and, in obedience to their demand upon this
ing the war, but it is now in a very great defor it. Government, he was dismissed from the service.
gree removed, though not entirely. Unless Mr. SHERMAN. I do not like, even by It is now deemed proper by the Administration
Congress should be disposed to enlarge the implication, to assent to the proposition that
that he should be restored to his former posi- facilities for the public printing, it is impossi. the Congress of the United States cannot do
tion; and it is but justice to Captain Hunter ble that the work can all be done as rapidly as as much in this District as any State may do
that I should send to the table, to be read by it used to be in quiet times. The Senate yeswithin a State. the Secretary of the Senate, a letter from the
terday reduced sixty per cent. a very large Mr. WADE. Of course they can. Secretary of State, and also one from the Sec
document, and I think now that the work which Mr. SHERMAN. In every State of the retary of the Navy, upon this subject.
is ordered will go on as rapidly as practicable. Union corporations are incorporated by a
The Secretary read the following letters: My friend from Delaware has explained the general law, and they go all over the United
NAVY DEPARTMENT, reason of the delay in printing the oration of States and have the rights of persons. So far
WASHINGTON, May 5, 1866.
Mr. Bancroft. They have been waiting for a as this bill is concerned I do not raise the
SIR: I have the honor to propose for the consideration of the Committee of the Senate on Naval Af
steel plate of the late President. The oration point, but I do not for a moment admit, even fairs a resolution authorizing the President to restore delivered by my friend from Maryland (Mr. by implication, that Congress ought to sur
Charles Hunter to the position which he held on the CreswELL) will be out very soon. The Public render the power that we have in this District, retired list of the Navy.
Printer received only a few days ago a single
The inclosed copy of a letter from the honorable to make corporations with the power of cor- Secretary of State explains the circumstances under order to print three million blanks for the porations all over the United States of America which it was deemed proper to remove Commander internal revenue branch of the Treasury Deor Europe, Asia, or wherever they may choose
Hunter from the public service. As no other reason
partment. from the service, and no such reason now forbids his Mr. GRIMES. I thought they had a print. Mr. WADE. There is nothing unusual in
reinstatement, it would seem but just, by restoring ing office of their own.
him to the Navy, to remove any undeserved stigma this corporation. It is a mere ordinary church
Mr. ANTHONY. Not for such purposes as which his dismissal might attach to him. corporation for the establishment of a theo. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, that, only for engraving. logical institute, and has nothing in it that does
GIDEON WELLES, Mr. GRIMES. They print reports.
Secretary of the Nary. not relate to that particular thing. It locates
Mr. ANTHONY. They have a little print. Hon. J. W. GRIMES, Chairman Committee on Naval it in the District, and that is all there is about Avairs, United States Senate.
ing office there ; but this job I speak of will it. Where they will do business, I do not know,
employ seventeen presses for some time. This and I do not care.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE. is the usual resolution that has been adopted
WASHINGTON, April 16, 1860. Mr. POMEROY. I hope the Senator will
Sir: In the opinion of this Department, no reason not consider that I was objecting to the bill. I of public policy now exists against the restoration of
The resolution was agreed to. only thought that if he intended to confine it Commander Charles Hunter to the position in the Mr. ANTHONY. I am instructed by the to the District, he ought to say so in the bill
Navy of the United States which he held when he itself. 'I do not object to it, was cashiered pursuant to a complaint of the Span
Committee on Printing, to whom was referred ish Government for violating its territorial jurisdic- a resolution to print one thousand copies of