« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
tion" or the exact kind of "meritorious conduct" or West Point. Of course, this provision will tion of this bill until after the reading of the service, and in what arm of the service or department exhaust itself in the course of the next three | Journal until this day two weeks. rendered, for which such brevet promotion was conferred, whether the same be mentioned or described or four years, for there will then be no candi- Mr. BINGHAM. I hope that this bill will in the letter of appointment or commission or not. dates to which it can apply. The committee not be postponed for so long a time as the gen. PENSION AGENTS.
thought it but proper that this should be held i tleman from Pennsylvania ( Mr. Stevexs] has Mr. TAYLOR, by unanimous consent, sub
out as a sort of bonus or compensation to these proposed. The recital in this bill can no more mitted the following resolution ; which was
be urged against the consideration of it before young men for that portion of their time which read, considered, and agreed to :
has been cut out of their lives, as it were; that the Senate shall act upon the constitutional Whereas it is the practice of United States pension
there should be added to the time when they amendment recited in it than it could be urged agents to deduct from tho pensions of widows, or
can enter the Military Academy the term of against the enacting clause of any bill origiphans, and decrepit soldiers, wherever they draw two years, so they may have the opportunity | nating in this House, that because the Senate their pensions, the sum of forty or fifty cents under
of obtaining the benefit of a further military had not acted upon and passed it the House the pretense that it is a fee allowed by law for making out pension papers, which practice has becomo
education, if they can get the appointment, in could not truthfully declare and enact the the cause of much complaint: Therefore, be it addition to the practical military education words " be it enacted by the Senate and House Resolved, that the Committee on Invalid Pensions
they have obtained in the field. It does not of Representatives." The suggestion of the be, and are hereby, instructed to inquire into the expediency and propriety of so amending or modi- amount to much; but it is something.
gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVEXS] fying the present pension laws, if that be necessary, Mr. THAYER. I would vote cheerfully for would have as much force in the one case as as will require pension agents to pay full pensions to
anything that would benefit the class of officers the other. I hope, therefore, this House, if they those who are or may be entitled to receive them, and to report by bill or otherwise.
to whom the chairman of the Military Commit- deem this bill of any importance, will not postCOMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS,
tee [Mr. SCHENCK] has referred; but it seems poneits consideration any longer than until after The SPEAKER laid before the House a
to me to be a very equivocal kind of benefit to the reading of the Journal on Monday next. propose that a gentleman of the age of twenty
Let the House do its duty. If it is necessary communication from the Commissioner of
four years shall be allowed to enter the Military to pass the entire scheme for the reconstrucPublic Buildings and Grounds in reply to a
Academy, for by the time he graduates and is tion of the States lately in insurrection, as resolution of the House of the 10th instant in
eligible to appointment as a brevet second reported by the joint committee on reconstrucregard to clerks employed, their former occu. lieutenant he will be twenty-eight years of
age. tion, then let the House do its duty, its whole pation, &c.; which was laid on the table, and Mr. SCHENCK. The gentleman may per: duty, and leave the responsibility with the Senordered to be printed.
haps not be aware that in filling the five hun- ate, where it belongs. Suppose the Senate do APPOINTMENTS TO THE MILITARY ACADEMY. dred and sixty-four vacancies in the grades of not act on the constitutional amendment for Mr. SCHENCK, from the Committee on
first and second lieutenants of the regular Army, two weeks or four weeks or two months; are Military Affairs, to which was referred House
it is found that the candidates for those posi- we to stand idle here looking on to see whether joint resolution No. 134, relative to appoint
tions include not merely those who have served | the Senate will act upon the amendment before ments to the Military Academy of the United
in the late war as lieutenants, but many captains we act upon the other measures necessary to States, with leave to report at any time, re.
and field officers, and even some who have the restoration of the insurrectionary States ? ported back the same with an amendment in
attained the rank of brigadier general in the The American people expect this Congress the nature of a substitute, as follows:
volunteer service. It is found that men who to present to them a system of measures full That the age for the admission of cadets to the
have obtained some experience of military life and complete for the restoration of the States United States Military Acadeiny shall hereafter be
during the war, and have acquired some prac- lately in insurrection, depending alone for final between seventeen and twenty-two ycars; but any tical knowledge of the service, desire to con- consummation upon the sovereign will of the person who has served honorably and faithfully not less than one year as an officer or onlisted man in the
tinue in the service, even in instances where organized States of this Union and the people Army of the United States, either as a volunteer or they have become brigadier generals. In of the disorganized States, acting under your in the regular service, in the late war for the sup- almost numberless cases, where they have || law. pression of rebellion, and who possesses the other qualifications prescribed by law, shall be eligible to
become field oficers, they are willing to be In this connection I desire to make one other appointment up to the age of twenty-four years.
turned back and enter the service again as remark. There are now one or two State LeAnd be it further resolved, That cadets at the Mili- second lieutenants. Now, if that can be taken gislatures in session. If it shall be the pleastary Academy shall licrcafter be appointed ono ycar in advance of the time of their admission, except in
as a sample of what may be expected, there ure of this House to amend the bill now under cases where by reason of death or other cause a Val- will be found many young men whose devotion consideration so as to permit the States lately cancy occurs which cannot be thus provided for by to civil pursuits has been interrupted by the in insurrection, by the solemn ratification of such appointment in advance; butno pay of allowance shall be made to any such appointeo until he shall be
war, who will be glad to enter West Point even the amendment to the Constitution which is regularly admitted on cxamination as now provided up to the age of twenty-four years, if vacancies | proposed to them, and by conforming their by law; nor shall this provision apply to appoint- shall occur in the districts in which they reside own constitutions and laws thereunto, to be ments to be made in tho present year; and in addition to the requirements necessary for admission, as and they can secure the appointments.
represented in the Congress of the United provided by the third section of the act making I now call the previous question.
States, then it becomes a matter of some imfurther provision for the corps of engineers, ap- The previous question was seconded and portance that Congress shall give them the proved April 29. 1812, candidates shall be required to have a knowledge of the elements of English gram
the main question was ordered; and under the opportunity to do so while their Legislatores mar, of descriptivo geography, particularly of our
operation thereof the substitute was agreed to. are in session. The House has a duty to perown country, and of the history of the United States. The joint resolution, as amended, was then form to that end as well as the Senate. So far
Mr. THAYER. I would like to ask the gen- ordered to be engrossed and read a third time; as I understand, there is but one Legislature tleman from Ohio a question. By what time, and being engrossed, it was accordingly read of a State lately in insurrection now in session, in the ordinary course of human events, does the third time and passed.
and that is the Legislature of the State of Tenhe think a man who enters the Military Acad- Mr. SCHENCK moved to reconsider the nessee. Now, I do not know that it will be emy at the age of twenty-four years can be vote by which the joint resolution was passed; the pleasure of the House to change this bill made captain?
and also moved that the motion to reconsider in the respect I have indicated ; if that change Mr. SCHENCK. That would depend very be laid on the table.
is to be made, then the sooner the House wake much upon whether we continued in a state of The latter motion was agreed to.
that change the better, so that the Legislature peace or became again involved in war.
of Tennessee may indicate its readiness, upon
RECONSTRUCTION. Mr. THAYER. I think that about the time
the passage of the bill of the Senate, to accept he is ready to be appointed captain he would Mr. MORRILL. I now call for the regular || the terms. be in a condition to go upon the retired list. order of business.
But whether the House sball make that Mr. SCHENCK. The House will under- The SPEAKER. The first business in or- change or not, it is well known that there is a stand that the provision to which the gentle- der is House bill. No. 543, to provide for Legislature of a northern State now in sessionman froin Pennsylvania [Mr. THAYER] now restoring to the States lately in insurrection I mean the Legislature of the State of Connecti. directs attention is simply this: we propose to their full political rights, which was reported cut. And therefore, if this bill is to pass in the extend the age at which a person may enter the from the committee on reconstruction, and form in which it came from the committee, it is Military Academy to seventeen years instead made the special order for Wednesday last, || important that it should pass, as well as the joint of sixteen years, as it now is. That has been after the reading of the Journal, and now resolution proposing the amendment to the recommended by more than one board of vis- reached for the first time.
Constitution of the United States, in order to itors, in consequence of the fact that the young Mr. STEVENS. I learn that the Senate allow the Legislature of Connecticut to ratify men are found not to be able physically to will not probably proceed to the consideration your amendment, with the knowledge that until endure the hardship of the service at West of the joint resolution proposing an amend- it is made part of the Constitution the insurPoint at the age of sixteen years. And we ment to the Constitution of the United States, | rectionary States cannot be admitted to rep. propose to make it seventeen years, and then put which we have sent to them, until this day week. resentation, and thus take that step for the a year on the other end, making the maximum It will therefore be very awkward to proceed | restoration of those States and the reëstablishage at which they can enter twenty-two years to the consideration of this bill until the Sen- ment of the Constitution and the laws over every instead of twenty-one years.
ate shall have, acted one way or the other upon rood of the lately insurgent territory. And the committee further propose that in the joint resolution we have sent them, inas- I hope, therefore, if the gentleman from Verthe cases of those who have served faithfully much as this bill recites the proposed amend- mont (Mr. MORRILL] desires to take up and for one year in the last war, either in the vols ment to the Constitution of the United States consider the revenue bill, that this bill for reunteer service or in the regular Army, shall as having been acted upon and submitted to construction and restoration will not be posthave the benefit of two years, in consideration the Legislatures of the several States. I there- || poned longer than until Monday next after the of that service, in entering the Academy at fore move to postpone the further considera- ll reading of the Journal.
The SPEAKER. This bill could not come representation. Upon that state of the case, Mr. STEVENS. I have not spoken of that up next Monday immediately after the reading I am sure gentlemen who desire the speedy bill because I believe it comes up to-morrow. of the Journal, for the morning hour of that restoration of those States cannot favor any The SPEAKER. The Chair will state if day has been set apart especially for another unnecessary postponement of this bill.
this bill be postponed the other bill will come
Mr. STEVENS. Mr. Speaker, the proposed up immediately. Mr. BINGHAM. Then say Tuesday next, | amendment to the Constitution may be a good Mr. STEVENS. I am only speaking of the after the reading of the Journal.
and perfect amendment, without any reference one now before the House. I agree to the Mr. STEVENS. I must say that I do not to the bills which are to be passed in further- suggestion of the chairman of the Committee understand what the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. ance of that amendment or to carry it into on the Judiciary that this bill shall be postBINGHAM) means. I thought it was understood | effect, or what is more, without reference to poned until after the morning hour. that this bill should take the course I have in- bills making exceptions with regard to those The SPEAKER. That will put it behind dicated, but it so happens that my friend from who shall hold office. It may be that the bill House bill No. 450, to reduce and establish the Ohio never agrees long to what he and the rest disfranchising or rendering ineligible to office pay of officers, and to regulate the pay of solof the committee may agree to at any
upon certain persons in the southern States may or diers of the Army of the United States. any particular point.
may not pass; but how does that affect the Mr. STEVENS. Then I will let it stand as Mr. BINGHAM. I beg the gentleman's constitutional amendment? Not in the least. it is. pardon; I never understood any such thing. There is no reference to it in the constitutional Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I suggest to the
Mr. STEVENS. I do not understand the amendment. So also with regard to the other || chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs force of the objection of the gentleman from bills which declare certain things with regard that, by unanimous consent, that bill shall fol. Ohio when he says that we ought to go on and to those States. Each of them stands by itself. low after the morning hour. It will lose nothpass this bill so that it may be presented to the One may fall and the other may stand, with- ing by it. Legislatures now in session. These bills which out affecting the constitutional amendment Mr. SCHENCK. Although we are prepared have been reported from the joint committee at all. None of those bills are submitted to and disposed to go on with that bill, I am willon reconstruction are not to be presented to the States of the Union; none of them are sub- ing it shall come in after the bills on reconthe Legislatures now in session or to any Le- mitted to the northern States. Therefore the struction, unless it shall come up in regular gislatures, whether now in session or not. It is plea of the gentleman amounts to nothing. order before. This I do with the understand. only the proposed amendment to the Constitu- But the first bill which now comes before us ing it will induce the gentleman to save the tion of the United States which is to be sub- for consideration recites that Congress has sub- morning hour to the current business. mitted to the Legislatures of the several States mitted to the Legislatures of the different Mr. BINGHAM. I move that the bill be for their action. Therefore, whether we proceed States certain propositions for amendment of postponed for one week, to come up after the to pass this bill to-day or two weeks hence will the Constitution, reciting the very amendment | morning hour; and on that motion I demand not make a particle of difference in that respect, which we have sent to the Senate. Now, it is the yeas and nays. The gentleman is mistaken ; a confusion of not true that Congress has submitted such an The
yeas and nays were ordered. ideas has taken possession of his mind, gener- amendment to the respective State Legislatures. The question was taken, and it was decided ally so clear, when he supposes that it is neces- As it stands at present, that recital is a false- in the negative-yeas 55, nays 73, not voting sary to proceed with the consideration of this hood upon the face of the bill. Now, in what
55; as follows: bill now in order to enable the proposed amend. || position would this House place itself if we YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, ment to the Constitution to be ratified by the should go on and pass this bill making that re
James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Bidwell, BingState Legislatures. The moment the Senate cital, and the Senate should fail to pass the
ham, Brandegoe, Bromwell, Broomall, Reader W.
Clarke, Cobb, Cook, Cullom, Dawes, Defrees, Delano, shall pass the amendment, if they do pass it, measure which we have recited as passed? It Deming, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston, Ferry, it will be sent to the Legislatures of the various would make us look ridiculous. It is an absurd- Griswold, Hayes, Henderson, Iligby, Asahel W. Hub
bard, Chester D. Hubbard, John 11. Hubbard. James States for their action, whether we pass this | ity to ask it; and I do not understand why it
R. Ilubhell, Hulburd, Jenckes, Kasson, Ketcham, bill or not, and before we have passed any should be asked, unless to render this House Kuykendall, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, bill. more ridiculous than it can be made in any
Marston, Mckee, Moorhcad, Newell, Perham, Plants, Mr. BINGHAM. With all respect to my
Price, William H. dall, Schenck, Spalding, Stil
well, Van Aernam, Henry D. Washburn, Welker, venerable friend, I must say that the "con- I trust, therefore, that the business of the Whaley, and Windom--55. fusion of ideas” is with himself. The remark || House will not be needlessly interrupted and
NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Baxter, Benjamin, BerI made was this, that if this bill be amended the time of the House wasted in the considera
gen, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Boyer, Chanler, Sidney
Clarke, Conkling, Darling, Davis. Denison, Dumont, the Legislature of one of these insurrectionary tion and passage of bills which may become Eldridge, Finck, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, States is now in sessionnugatory by the action of the Senate. When Grider, Aaron Harding. Abner C. Harding, Hart,
Hogan, Holmes, Hotchkiss, Demas Hubbard, Edwin Mr. STEVENS. The gentleman mentioned the Senate shall have concurred in our action
N. Hubbell, Ingersoll, Julian, Kelley, Kerr, Laflin, several northern States.
on the constitutional amendment it will be Latham, Le Blond, Loan, Longyear, McClurg. McMr. BINGHAM. I mentioned the several time enough for us to go on and pass the bill
Cullough, McRuer, Mercur, Miller, Morrill, Niblack,
Nicholson, Orth, Paine, Pike, Ritter, Rogers, Rollins, northern States in regard to the other matter. reciting the action of both branches of Con
Ross, Sawyer, Shanklin, Sitgreaves, Stevens, Strouse, In regard to the several northern States, if the gress. I think, therefore, that this day two Taber, Taylor, Thayer, Francis Thomas, Trimble, Burt bill is to pass as reported by the committee, it weeks hence, when we shall have got through
Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, might become a matter of very serious consid- other business now before us, it will be time
William B. Washburn, Williams, James F. Wilson,
Stephen F. Wilson, Woodbridge, and Wright-73. eration with the Legislature of a northern State || enough to take up this bill. The constitutional NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Banks, Barwhether it should not before action upon the amendment, as I have learned this morning, || ker, Beaman, Buckland Bundy, Coffroth, Culver,
Dawson, Dixon, Dodge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, question look into the conditions of this bill will not come up in the Senate till Tuesday of
Grinnell, Hale, Harris, Hill, Hooper, James Hunand ascertain the will of Congress, to wit, that next week; and a week will probably be re- phrey, James M. Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kelso, this constitutionalamendment must first become | quired to discuss the proposition.
Lynch, Marshall, Marvin, McIndoe, Morris, Moulton,
Myers, Noell, O'Neill, Patterson, Phelps, Pomeroy, a part of the Constitution of the United States Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I trust that the
Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Raymond, Alexander before any State lately in insurrection, by adopt- gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS] H. Rice. John H. Rice, Rousseau, Scofield, Shellaing it and conforming its own constitution and will consent that the postponement shall be
barger, Sloan, Smith, Starr, John L. Thomas, Thorn
ton, Trowbridge, Upson, Robert T. Van Horn, Wentlaws to it, can be restored to representation in until after the expiration of the morning hour
worth, and Winfield-55. Congress. That becomes a very serious mat- on the day named. Let us have the morning So the motion was disagreed to. ter in this respect, if we want speedy restoration hour for reports of committees. of these States. If this billis to pass as it came Mr. SCHENCK. With the permission of
The question then recurred on the motion to from the committee and without amendment, the gentleman from Pennsylvania, I would
postpone for two weeks, after the morning
hour. it will, I submit to the House, be necessary make a further inquiry, not merely as to the
The motion was agreed to. that the Legislatures of all the northern States, propriety of having this special order come up except those whose Legislatures may be in ses- after the morning hour so as to save the cur
INELIGIBILITY OF REBELS. sion, shall be convened as soon as practicable rent business of the House, but as to the ne- The SPEAKER stated the next business in for the purpose of ratifying this amendment cessity of postponing at all House bill No. 544, || order to be a bill (H. R. No. 544) declaring and laying the foundation, according to the declaring certain persons ineligible to office certain persons ineligible to office under the very terms of your bill, for the restoration of under the Government of the United States. Government of the United States. the late insurrectionary States. As the meas- All the reasons assigned by the gentleman. Mr. STEVENS. I move that be postponed ures stand before the House, if they are not from Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS] apply to that to the day following the bill just disposed of. changed in one line or word, they are to be bill.
Mr. PŘICE. Is that debatable? taken as an entirety, and the whole people of A part of the scheme reported by the com- The SPEAKER. To a limited extent, but this country, therefore, have a direct interest mittee on reconstruction is the House bill No. not as to the merits of the whole question. in the final action of Congress upon them, and 544, declaring certain persons ineligible to Mr. PRICE. I cannot consent to let the ought to know our final action hefore being office under the Government of the United vote be taken without saying a few words why called upon to act upon them. If the measures States. It seems to me as a part of the scheme the bill should not be postponed. The bill is be finally passed as they now stand, the con- of reconstruction it should be taken up and looked on by all loyal men North and South stitutional amendment must be first ratified by postponed with the other bill. Thus we will as vital to the interests of this Government, the northern States or three fourths of the so far indicate to the Senate and the country
and I am amazed that we do not pass it at States now represented in Congress before any what we are ready and prepared to do in referof the insurrectionary States may ratify it, re- ence to one item in this account rendered from The people have been asking, and nobody organize their government, and be admitted to the committee on reconstruction.
has been able to answer the question, why the
committce have failed for so long a time to Iown, [Mr. PRICE]-and I am certain I can these bills are in no manner dependent upon give us something definite to act upon; and speak for the whole committee-that they have or connected with each other. The crne now now after nearly six months have elapsed and every wish to carry this bill through at once, under consideration contains no recital of any the country has been advertised that the bill is
without delay; and the only difference between | portion of either of the other measures, and before the House and the people have been the gentleman from Iowa and the chairman of has no connection with either of them. demanding that something ought to be done in the committee is as to the best mode of reaching Mr. CONKLING. As the gentleman from reference to the question, a motion is made one and the same result.
Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS] made the motion very coolly to postpone it for two weeks longer. Mr. HIGBY. I would like to ask the gen- to postpone the further consideration of this And I am informed by my friend on my right tleman a question, and that is, whether the bill
I prefer that he take the floor upon it. [ Mr. BRANDEGEE] that the motion to postpone action of Congress upon this bill as proposed Mr. STEVENS. The House can postpone the previous bill received the united vote of the will depend upon the results of the action upon it or consider it now. Democratic party. That, sir, ought to go on the proposed constitutional amendment in the Mr. BINGHAM. I have no objection to conrecord. The last bill had it, and the fair pre- Senate, or whether we cannot act upon this as sidering it now. sumption is that this bill will have it. I will an independent question, without reference to Mr. MORRILL. I hope it will not be connot charge that, because I would fain hope even the joint resolution to amend the Constitution ? sidered now. I presume that the members of against hope that the Democratic party here Mr. CONKLING. I answer the gentleman the House would prefer to go on and finish the will not vote to postpone this bill as they voted from California [Mr. Higby] that whether we internal revenue bill. I am anxious that the to postpone the last. They are not accounta- can or cannot is entirely accidental. Suppose morning hour shall commence, that we may ble, however, for our action, and I enter my the Senate should make some amendment to have some work done upon the special order, solemu protest, for one, against the further post- the joint resolution we have sent them, which the revenue bill. ponement of this question, which is one of amendment would renderit necessary to modify Mr. STEVENS. I now call the previous such vital interest to the country.
one or both of these bills, even the bill of which question on my motion to postpone the further If rebels are to be disfranchised let us say so he now speaks, the bill declaring certain per- consideration of this bill till two weeks from at once and not dodge the issue. We are as sons ineligible to office under the Government to-morrow after the morning hour. If the well prepared to act upon the question now as of the United States. Suppose, for example, | House prefers to go on with the bill now they two weeks or two months or two years hence. that the Senate should strike out the third sec. can vote down the motion to postpone. We have considered the matterfrom every stand- tion of the proposed amendment of the Consti- The previous question was seconded and the point for six months, and if members of this tution, or should so modify it as to embrace main question ordered. House are not prepared to vote upon it, I think | only certain limited clauses, and the gentleman The motion of Mr. STEVENS to postpone was I am safe in saying that everybody out of Con- from California or any other member of this agreed to; there being-ayes 62, noes 37. gress is prepared to do it if they have an oppor- House should want to enlarge somewhat the Mr. PRICE called for the yeas and nays. tunity. Go into any part of the country to-day scope of this bill, he will see at once that it The yeas and nays were not ordered. and talk to your constituencies, and you will will be very necessary to have it before us still Mr. PRICE called for tellers on ordering the be met by this question, “Why do you not subject to modification.
yeas and nays. give us some platform of principles or indicate Mr. HIGBY. Suppose the proposed amend- Tellers were not ordered. to us what you propose to do in reference to ment to the Constitution does not pass the Sen- Mr. PRICE. I see that gentlemen are afraid allowing these States to come back into the ate; would there be any objection to both to go on the record. Union, and upon what terms you propose to branches of Congress acting upon this bill and
PURCHASES OF PUBLIC LANDS. readmit them???
passing it? Hitherto we have said to the people, “The Mr. CONKLING. If the gentleman from
Mr. STEVENS. I move to reconsider the committee have had the matter under consid- California [Mr. Higby] wishes to inquire of
vote by which Senate bill No. 203, entitled eration and we expect a report soon. But now me, for I have no right to speak for anybody
"An act to enable the New York and Monthe bill is reported and is on our files, where it || else, whether with or without the proposed con
tana Iron Mining and Manufacturing Company has lain for two weeks, and when the matter is stitutional amendment I should be in favor of to purchase a certain amount of the public brought up for consideration after so long a this disability bill, I will answer him that I
lands not now in the market,'' was referred time, after such an intense anxiety has been should. I say that, constitutional amendment
to the Committee on Public Lands. exhibited by the people for the immediate con- or no constitutional amendment, I am opposed
The SPEAKER. That motion will be ensideration of the question, the motion is very to the ring leaders of this revolt ever being al
tered. coolly made to postpone it for two weeks lowed again to hold any offices of emolument
AMERICAN COTTON COMPANY. longer. or trust under the Government of the United
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I more to reconSir, no man can tell what even a day may States. I agree with the gentleman from Cal- sider the vote by which the bill introduced by bring forth, much less two weeks; and I under- ifornia that that measure is just as strong if me this morning, to incorporate the American take to say, without fear of successful contra- the constitutional amendment shall fail in the Cotton Company of the District of Columbia, diction, that if this Congress is not prepared Senate or before the Legislatures of the several was referred to the Committee for the Districs to vote on this bill to-day, it will not be pro- States as it would be if the amendment should
of Columbia. pared two weeks hence, nor at any future time. pass.
The SPEAKER. The motion will be enI do hope, for the sake of consistency, that this But I submit to him, and I am sure he will tered. Congress will not vote to postpone it, but will agree with me, that it is far safer for this House
AMENDMENT OF TERRITORIAL ACTS. take it up and act upon it, and say to the peo- to have before it both of those measures, so as ple of the country what we propose to do in to adapt them as perfectly as they may be
The SPEAKER announced, as the unfinreference to the readmission of these men. adapted to the action of the Senate, than it
ished business of the morning hour, House bill Mr. CONKLING. Mr. Speaker, I agree, for would be to go on blindly now and pass either | 508, to amend the organic acts of the Territoone, entirely with what the gentleman from of them before we know certainly what will be
ries of Nebraska, Colorado, Dakota, Montana, Iowa (Mr. Price] has said, and with what was the result of the action of the Senate upon the
Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, and New
Mexico. said by the gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. Bingo | proposed amendment. IAM;] and I think it would be a great mistake And now, unless it will cut off some gentle
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I more to amend to suppose that on the part of the committee man who desires to speak, I will demand the
the bill by striking out all after the enacting there is any intention or desire whatever to | previous question upon the motion to postpone.
clause and inserting the following: postpone the consideration of this question ; Mr. BINGHAM. Will the gentleman with
That the several acts establishing territorial gor
ernments for the Territories of Nebraska, Colorado, that is, to postpone it in the sense which has draw for a moment his demand for the previous || Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, been suggested. question?
and New Mexico, and all acts amendatory thercof, Now, I understand that it is a mere practi- Mr. CONKLING. Certainly.
be, and the same are hereby, amended as follows to
wit: the Legislative Assemblies of cach of the Tercal question of wisdom in conducting legisla- Mr. BINGHAM. I have felt desirous, be
ritories named shall pass no special acts conferring tion, whether we had better take up these bills cause I supposed it wasthe wish of the House, corporate powers, but they may authorize the forinabefore the Senate has acted, blind as we must that we might be permitted to proceed with the
tion of corporations (except for banking purposes)
under general laws, which inay be alterelor repealed be, of course, as to the particular action the consideration of the revenue bill until they at any time; and the property of all corporations Senate will take, and act upon them finally, or shall have completed it, which I suppose would which may hereafter be organized, or which now whether we shall wait and see whether the be by Tuesday next. And therefore I have
exist, shall be subject to the same taxation as tho
property of individuals. action of the Senate upon the proposed consti- been disposed, with the consent of my friend SEC. 2. And be it further enacted. That the Legislatutional amendment renders it desirable for us from Iowa, [Mr. Price,] to move to postpone tive Assemblies of the Territories aforesaid, respectto amend or in any way change these bills. the further consideration of this bill, No. 544,
ively, shall, at their first session after the passage of
this act, provide by general laws for the organization That is the whole question as I understand until after the reading of the Journal on Tues- of associations for commercial, manufacturing, and it. The purpose of the chairman of the com- day next; believing that the House in the mining purposes, for ferries, bridges, turnpikes, and mittee is to bring about at the earliest possible interim can dispose of the pending revenue
toll-roads, for churches, colleges, and literary and
other associations, and for the incorporation of cities day final action upon this bill; that is to say, bill.
and villages, restricting their power of taxation, at the earliest day when it can be safely and
Mr. CONKLING. I will suggest to my assessment, borrowing money, contracting debts, and understandingly taken. friend from Ohio [Mr. BINGHAM] that the re
loaning their credit, so as to prevent the abuse of
such power. Undoubtedly, sir, we ought to have a policy. | sult of his motion, if agreed to, would be to SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the LegislaUndoubtedly we ought to show what we all feel, reverse the order in which this bill was reported tive Assemblies of each of the Territories aforesaid a willingness to act at once upon this ques- to the House by the committee.
shall, at their first session after the passage of this tion; and I beg to assure the gentleman from Mr. BINGHAM. I understand that. But
act, prescribe by law the inanner in which all corporations heretoforo authorized by acis vi said Terri.
torial Legislatures shall reorganize under general | perfected I will yield to the gentleman that he We ought not to ask the House thus hastily to laws: Provider, That all corporations or associations
may make that motion. I now yield to the consider them. I say this in no unkindness to poduly organized in pursuance of law, and engaged in legitimate business, shall have precedence of any
gentleman from Washington Territory, [Mr. the chairman. It is a matter of duty to the proposed new association, in reorganizing under such DENNY.]
House. general acts of incorporation as may be passed: And
Mr. DENNY. I desire to move to amend provided further. That such reorganization shall be
Now, sir, I do not know that a single Dele. within one year from the date of the adjournment of
the substitute by adding the following as a new gate from the Territories has asked for this. the first Legislativo Assembly in each of the aforesaid section:
We have no memorial from the people for any Territories after the passage of this act. SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That all special
And be il further enacted, That where the secretary such purpose. Yet, sir, we are asked to change charters granted by any of tho Legislative Assem
of any Territory has heretofore performed, or here- their organic acts, and to impose laws upon the blies of cither of the Territories heroin named to asso
after shall be required to perform, the duties of act- Territories which we cannot impose upon the ciations which have not been organized are hereby
ing Governor by reason of the absence from the Terdeclared void, and all persons who may have secured ritory of the Governor, or during a vacancy in said
States. We propose to impose upon the peospecial grants for forries, bridges, turnpikes, tol
office, said secretary shall be entitled to receive, for ple of the Territories what they do not ask for, roads, or special grants for any purpose, shall be sub
the actual time during which the said duties of Gotjcct to such general laws as tho Legislativo Assemernor devolve upon him by law and are actually per
so far as I know. Why is this? We are here blies of the Territories aforesaid are authorized and
formed by him, a sum suflicient to make his salary to say there shall be no distinction on account required to pass. equal to the salary of the Governpr.
of race or color in reference to the elective SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That all acts and
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I accept that. I franchise in the Territories. Why not make it parts of acts of any of the Legislative Assemblies of the Territories aforesaid, granting to associations or
will yield to my colleague to move his amend- general throughout the United States, in the to individuals the exclusive right to go upon and ment, and then I will demand the previous States as well as the Territories? Why confine occupy any part of the public domain, or to the exquestion.
it to the brave men who have gone out to exclusive use of the timber or water-powers thereon, or the right to the exclusive use of water to be taken
Mr. LE BLOND. I move to strike out the plore and open up the wilderness, when they do from lakos, rivers, or streams be, and the same are ninth section, as follows:
not ask for it? hereby, declared null and void: Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed in Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That within the
Mr. Speaker, it ought to be thoroughly in. anywise to invalidate any vested rights of persons
Territories aforesaid there shall be no denial of the vestigated, and not passed hurriedly as though acquired under the existing laws of cithor of said elective franchise to citizens of the United States
it were only for the construction of a bridge Territories in any mines, nor to invalidate any cor
because of race or color, and all persons shall be equal poration or mining company within any of said Terbefore the law. And all acts or parts of acts, either
across the Potomac. ritories organized under and in pursuance of any
of Congress or the Legislative Assemblies of the Ter- Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Mr. SpeakerState law or law of Congress.
ritories aforesaid, inconsistent with the provisions of Mr. HOOPER, of Utah. Will the gentleSEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That no person this act, are hereby declared null and void.
man yield for an amendment? now appointed, or who may hereafter be appointed, by the President to any office in either of the afore
Perhaps the last sentence should be left in, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I cannot yield for said Territories shall receive any compensation out
for it may have reference to other laws. the gentleman to offer an amendment of the of the Treasury of the United States, or out of any Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. No, there is a gen- character he indicates. contingent fund for services or as compensation for his salary until he shall have entered upon the diseral repealing clause.
Mr. HOOPER, of Utah. I want to offer it charge of his official duties within the Territory; nor
Mr. LE BLOND. Then I embrace the whole and to give my reason for it. shall any officer thus appointed be paid for the time section.
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I was somewhat he may be absent from tho Territory if absent with
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I demand the pre- || surprised to hear my colleague say that he was out authority of the President of the United States. Sec. 7. And be it further cnacted, That in case of vious question.
not present when this bill, No. 508, was orthe death, absence, or inability of any judge of the Mr. 'WRIGHT. I demand the yeas and dered to be reported. The substitute I did not United States superior courts for any Territory, at
nays. the time when the courts for his judicial district are
claim to be authorized to report by the comappointed by law to be held, a judge of either of the
Mr. SPALDING. If that be stricken out I mittee. Most of the members were absent, districts in such Territory, not then occupied, is will vote against the bill.
and after consultation with some gentlemen, I hereby authorized and may hold court in such district during the absence or inability of any judge,
Mr. DAVIS. I desire to call the attention offered on my own responsibility the substiand all judgments, decrees, and orders of said court
of the chairman of the Committee on Territories tute, which consists simply in striking out one shall be as binding as if the same were held by the to the language of the third section. I think section and five lines of another. I found in juge appointed therefor. SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Legis
he will find it is more general than desirable. my journey over the Territories last year that lative Assemblies of the Territories aforesaid shall It provides as follows:
a bill of this kind was necessary. The majorhereafter have no power or authority to grant divorces, but divorces may be granted by the courts of
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Legisla- || ity of the legislation in the new Territories the United States in each of said Territories for such
tive Assemblies of each of the Territories aforesaid consists simply in shingling them over with cause as may appear to them good and sufficient:
shall, at their first session after the passage of this act, | special corporations in which, in the main, Provided, That both parties shall reside in the Ter
prescribe by law the mannerin which allcorporations ritory where the application for divorce is made: heretofore authorized by acts of said Territorial Legis
the officers of the Territories are personally Aul provided further, That public noticeshall begiven
latures shall reorganize under general laws: Pro- interested. by udvertisement in at least two newspapers pub
vided, That all corporations or associations now duly listed in said Territory, stating thecourt before which organized in pursuance of law, and engaged in legiti
Mr. WRIGHT. Will the gentleman allow the application will be heard and the causes for which mate business, shall have precedence of any proposed
me to ask whether this special legislation of the divorce is demanded.
new association, in reorganizing under such general which he speaks is in character like the gift SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That within the
acts of incorporation as may be passed; And provided | enterprises we have been carrying out here? Tcrritories aforesaid there shall be no denial of the
further, That such reorganization shall be within ono clective franchise to citizens of the United States beyear from the date of the adjournment of the first
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Some of it is. I cause of race or color, and all persons shall be equal
Legislative Assembly in each of the aforesaid Territo- desire to have the same laws applied to those before the law. And all acts or parts of acts, either of ries after the passage of this act.
Territories which we have in some of the old Congress or of the Legislative Assemblies of tho Ter- There may be special corporations for reli- | States, such as New York, Ohio, and Illinois, ritories aforesaid, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby declared null and void.
gious and benevolent purposes. These are not where, after experience, a system of incorporaSEC. 10. And bc it further enacted, That all acts and usually the subject of general laws. I move to tion has been introduced compelling all assoparts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this insert after the word "corporation" where it ciations to carry on business under a generul act be, and the same are hereby, repcaled.
first occurs these words, Mr. KASSON. I desire to suggest an amend
except for benevolent purposes.
Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I would ask ment to the chairman of the committee.
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. In my State, lit. the gentleman whether he proposes to depart The last proviso of the third section reads
erary, religious, and benevolent corporations | from the precedents of legislation in reference as follows:
are organized under general law. But I am to the Territories that have prevailed in the Anil provided further. That such reorganization shall be within one year from thedate of the adjournwilling to accept the amendment.
past. ment of the first Legislative Assembly in each of the
Mr. SPALDING. Does the bill provide Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Yes, sir. atoresaid Territories after the passage of this act. there shall be no more corporations granted
Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. You propose In order that this may not nullify existing other than those now in existence?
to legislate in reference to their Delegates, their corporations, the words “ of this act" should Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. The bill allows bridges, their canals, their mills, their corporabe stricken out, and the words “by such As- the Legislative Assemblies to pass general laws tions, their schools, their churches, and everysembly of the act herein required” should be like those of Ohio and New York in reference thing else. You propose to legislate in referinserted. We cannot, of course, compel the to corporations.
ence to their domestic matters. Now, why not Legislative Assembly to pass thosegenerallaws; Mr. STROUSE. Mr. Speaker, the chair- leave them to the control of the laws of the and if it should neglect to pass them, this sec- man of the committee will allow me to say a United States, as administered by the Supreme tion, as now worded, would actually terminate word. I never saw this substitute in the com- Court, and let them manage their own affairs, the legal existence of those corporations, not mittee-room, and I am quite sure several mem- subordinate to the general laws of the land, as by their fault, but by the fault of the Legislature. bers of the committee have not seen it. A they have done heretofore? If they burn their
Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I accept the amend- proposition to change the organic acts of all || fingers, let them cure them. Why undertake ment which the gentleman suggests.
the Territories is a new thing to me. Yet I to apply this new system? Mr. KASSON. Let me suggest further that have failed but once to attend the meetings of Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I want this bill to at the end of the fourth section the words "are the committee. I know nothing of the substi- pass so as to secure the people against comauthorized and required to pass” should be tute except what I have heard here. I ask, binations in their Legislatures, the majority of stricken out, and the words "shall enact as therefore, that the chairman will not press whom being transient persons grant special required by this act” should be substituted. through so hurriedly a bill to change the fun. || privileges to the few which obstruct the settleMr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I accept the amend- damental laws of all the Territories.
ment of the country, hinder its prosperity, and ment which the gentleman suggests.
I do not know what has been stricken out are of no special interest to any persons exMr. LE BLOND. I desire to move an amend- from the original bill or what remains. There | cept those who get the charters. If men want ment to strike out the ninth section.
are objectionable features in the bill which to organize for legitimate purposes they can do Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. After the bill is ll ought to be understood before they are adopted. so under a general law quite as effectively and
certainly more honestly than a majority of ing out, in my judgment, of a political scheme. gentlemen who spoke so forcibly against the them do under special acts of incorporation. And in saying this, I ought to be exceedingly || bill, when it came to a vote voted in its favor.
Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. You deny to careful lest my distinguished colleague [Mr. Now they attempt to throw the responsibility the Legislature the power to give an exclusive | SCIENCK) should charge me with uttering senti- of its passage upon the few Democrats on this right to the enjoyment, for instance, of water ments reflecting upon the judgment and action side of the House. If, sir, they can go back flowing across public lands in any case, I be- of this Congress; for he seems to be peculiar to their constituents and convince them that lieve. Now, we had in the Territory of Illinois in his notions as to the propriety of language thirty Democrats passed that measure, they a law which "authorized a party to enter upon to be used in this House.
possess more convincing powers than I think the public land adjoining a dam, he owning But, sir, I conceive that this provision of the they do, and bave a more pliable constituency one side of a stream. Why not allow a man bill before us has and can have no other pur- than I believe they have. the right to build a dam across a stream and pose than to carry out this cherished idea that I am aware that such members as have a rest one end of it on Government land?
all men should be made equal before the law. press under their control are using it for that Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. There is nothing I am aware that my colleague from the Cleve. purpose, but the sequel this fall will determine in this bill to prevent parties from organizing and district [Mr. SPALDING) will vote against | how far they have or can succeed in deceiving under the general law for every conceivable business purpose. and if left in of course I shall vote against tout; il the people
: I shall call for the yeas and nays
on my motion to strike out, and will then see Mr. ELDRIDGE. The third section, it seems have made the motion to strike out this section how many conservatives wilt write home charto me, provides for additional benefits and priv- || because it raises directly the issue whether we ging that thirty Democrats are responsible for ileges to those corporations existing at the time in this Congress are in favor of granting the negro suffrage in all the Territories of the of the passage of this act. It gives them pref | right of suffrage to all classes irrespective of United States. erence to others. It seems to me, therefore, color. Gentlemen can now upon this propo- I thank my colleague for his courtesy in that the purpose of the bill is to give additional sition place themselves right before their con- yielding to me. value to such corporations as have already stituents by declaring whether they are in favor Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio, demanded the preorganized or have procured acts of incorpo- of it; for let me say to gentlemen that those vious question. ration. who vote against striking out this section place
The previous question was seconded and Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Not at all. themselves on record as favoring equal suffrage the main question ordered. Mr. ELDRIDGE. Is there not something throughout the whole country:
Mr.WRIGHT demanded the
pays lying back of this bill of that sort ?
Sir, if this Congress has the constitutional on Mr. LE Blond's motion. Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Notat all. My friend || right to pass a provision of this kind, and if it The yeas and nays were ordered. from Wisconsin [Mr. ELDRIDGE) is too good a is proper to bestow the right of suffrage upon The question was taken; and it was decided lawyer not to know that a special act of incor- the colored people of the Territories, the prin- in the negative-yeas 36, nays 76, not voting poration is more valuable than an organization || ciple applies equally to the States. Gentlemen
72; as follows: under a general law. Under a general act of cannot escape this conclusion.
YEAS-Messrs. Ancona, Delos R. Ashley, Bergen, incorporation the existing associations have a Mr. SPALDING. I desire to ask my col- Boyer, Chanler, Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Finck, right to reorganize.
league whether the majority of this House has Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, Aaron Harding, Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman's answer not already made its record of this question by
Chester D. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, Kerr, Kuy
kendall, Latham, Le Blond, Marshall, Niblack, is quite satisfactory, excepting in this particu- the vote on the bill regulating suffrage in the Nicholson, Phelps, Williain H. Randall, Ritter, Roglar: the gentleman says that an organization District of Columbia.
crs, Ross, Rousseau, Sbanklin, Sitgrenrcs. Strouse, is no more valuable under a special act than Mr. LE BLOND. That is very true. I thank
Taber, Taylor, Trimble, Whaley, and Wright-2.
NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, James under a general law
my friend for a suggestion. But what follows? M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Blaine, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I say that, as a A number of gentlemen on the other side of
Blow, Boutwell, Brandegce, Broomall, Sidney Clarke,
Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Deming, Donrule, it is more valuable under a special act the House turn round and say that a handful
nelly, Dumont, Eggleston, Farnsworth, Ferry, Garthan under a general law.
of men on this side have forced them to vote field, Griswold, Hart, Hayes, Higby, Holmes, Hooper, Mr. ELDRIDGE. Whether that is so or not against their real sentiments—that they were
Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas llubbard,
John H. Hubbarn, Hulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, depends upon the powers granted. But here in favor of a property or educational qualifica
Julian, Kckey, Kelso, William Lawrence, Loan, certainly is a provision that all corporations or tion for voters in this District. A large num- Longyear, Lynch, Marston, McClurg. McRuer, Merassociations now duly organized in pursuance ber of gentlemen claiming to constitute the cur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Orth, Paine, Patter
son, Perham, Pike, Plants, Price, Rollins, Sawyer, of law shall have precedence of any proposed conservative element upon the other side of
Spalding, Thayer, Francis Thomas, Van Aernam, new associations.
the House say to-day that they were opposed Burt Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. That corresponds to the suffrage bill in the shape in which it
William B. Washburn, Welker, Williams, James F. precisely with the law we passed in regard to || passed.
Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, and Windom-76.
NOT VOTING- Messrs. Alley, Barker, Beaman, banks. When the national banking system was Mr. SPALDING. What was the action of Benjamin. Bidwell, Bingham, Bromwell, Buckland, established, we provided that an existing bank- the Democratic side of the House on that Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Cobb, Coffroth, Conkling, ing association located in any city or village question?
Culver, Defrees, Delano. Dixon, Dodge, Driggs,
Eckley. Eliot, Farquhar, Grinnell, Hale, Abner C. might organize and have precedence over a Mr. LE BLOND. We were opposed to the Harding, Harris, Henderson, Hill, Hogan, Jamos new association. The object is, in the first whole thing. We voted against it. Our record R. Hubbell, James Humphrey, James M. Humplace, to guard existing vested rights; and in
phrey, Johnson, Jones, Kasson. Ketcham, Laflin, is against granting suffrage to the colored race
George V. Lawrence, Marvin, McCullough, Melndoe, the next place, to encourage the organization under any circumstances whatever by the Con-' || McKee, Morris, Moulton, Myors, Newell, Noell of associations under the general law. gress of the United States. The power is
O'Neill, Pomeroy, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Mr. ELDRIDGE. But does the bill limit
Raymond, Alexander H.Rice.John H.Rice, Schenck, with the States.
Scofield, Shellabarger, Sloan, Smith, Starr, Stevens, the number of corporations that shall organize Mr. SPALDING. If I recollect aright, the Stilwell, John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trowbridge. under the general law?
gentleman and his political associates voted Upson, Robert T. Van Horn, Henry D. Washburn, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. That matter is with me to sustain the previous question.
Wentworth, Winfield, and Woodbridge-72. left to the discretion of the Legislature. I Mr. LE BLOND. Because we wanted that
So the House refused to strike out the ninth suppose that the Legislature would not limit those who claim to be conservative men, but
section. the number. who blow both hot and cold, should be put on
The substitute was then agreed to. Mr. ELDRIDGE. What advantage, then, || the record before their constituents. We de- The bill, as amended, was ordered to be can the existing corporations have over other termined that they should face the music,'' as
engrossed and read a third time; and being corporations which may hereafter be organized, || became men, and if they were sincere in the engrossed, it was accordingly read the third if the latter may be created without restriction || speeches they made in opposition to that bill
time. as to number? they would vote against its passage and defeat
Mr. LE BLOND demanded the yeas and Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. It is to be left to it by our help.
nays on the passage of the bill. the discretion of the Legislature whether the Let me say one word in reference to the con
yeas and nays were ordered. number shall be unrestricted. stitutional amendment which passed this House
The question was taken ; and it was decided I now yield to my colleague, [Mr. Le Blond.] last week. Gentlemen upon that side of the
in the affirmative-yeas 79, nays 43, not voting Mr. LE BLOND. Mr. Speaker, I propose | House spoke in opposition to the bill. We
51 ; as follows: to occupy the attention of the House but a again believed them sincere. We hoped and YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, moment; and I should not do so but for the expected to defeat the bill, as we had a right to
James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Bidwell,
Bingham, Blaine, Boutwell, Broomall, Reader W. fact that the ninth section of this bill applies | do, giving full faith and credit to what honor- Clarke, Sidney Clarke,Cobb, Cook, Cullom, Dawes, Deto these Territories a principle which I believe able gentlemen said in their speeches. We had frees, Deming, Donnelly, Dumont, Eggleston, Farnshas never before been adopted in the organiza- no right to expect anything else than that they
worth, Ferry, Garfield, Griswold, Abner C. IIariling, tion of any Territory of the United States. By would vote against it if brought to a vote upon
Hart, Hayes, Iligby, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asa
hel W. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard. John H. Hubbard, this bill Congress assumes in reference to suf: the bill as it came from the committee on re- Hulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, frage in the Territories a power which I believe construction. Such being our views, what was
William Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, Lyneh. Marston, it has never before exercised in the history of
McClurg. Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Orth, our duty ? We were opposed to the bill. For Paine, Patterson. Perham, Pike, Plants, Price, Rolthis Government. Now, sir, speaking for my- one I am opposed to any change in the Consti- lins, Sawyer, Schenck, Spalding. Thayer, Francis self alone, I say that I do not believe Congress tution as long as there are States unrepresented
Thomas, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn. Ward. Warhas any power to say to the people of the Terhere.
ner, Elihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn,
Welker, Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilritories, *. You shall extend the right of suffrage Our duty was to force a vote upon the bill as son, Windown, and Woodbridge-79. to all your citizens irrespective of color.” This reported, and we succeeded. But again we
NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Dolos R. Ashley, Baker, bill inaugurates a new system. It is the carry.
Benjamin, Bergen, Boyer, Chanler. Darling, Davis, were doomed to disappointment; for the very Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Finek, Glossbrenner,