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by it rectifier, the quantity of spirits intended to bo 1st day of May in each year, or on commencing any The message, with the accompanying docu. rectified; if by a peddler, whether for traveling on trade, business, or profession upon which such tax is foot, or with one or two or more horses or mules, the by law imposed. In the former case the tax shall be
ments, was laid on the table, and ordered to be time for which and the date or time of payment, and reckoned for one year, and in the latter case propor
printed. (except in the case of auctioneers, produce brokers, tionately for that part of the year from the first day
MEXICO. commercial brokers, patent-right dealers, photog- of the month in which the liability to a special tax raphers, builders, insurance agents, insurance brokcommenced to the 1st day of May following.
The SPEAKER also laid before the House ers, and peddlers) the place at which the trade, business, or profession for which the tax is paid shall
The amendment was agreed to.
a message from the President, transmitting, in be carried on: Provided. That the payment of the
Mr. HOLMES. One portion of the pending
answer to a resolution of the House, informa. special tax imposed shall not exonerate from taxation the person or persons, (except lawyers, phy- paragraph provides for seizing the horse,
tion concerning discriminations made by the sicians, surgeons, dentists, cattle brokers, horse deal- wagon, and any other property of any peddler
so-called Maximilian Government in Mexico ers, peddlers, produce brokers, commercial brokers, who shall not exhibit a license; and it further
against American commerce, or commerce patent-right dealers, photographers, builders, insurance agents, insurance brokers, and auctioneers.) or provides that notice of such seizure and of
from particular American ports; which was firm, company, or corporation in any other place the time for his appearance before the assessor
ordered to be printed, and referred to the than that stated; but nothing herein contained shall
Committee on Commerce. prohibit the storage of goods, wares, or merchandise
may be published in any newspaper of the disin other places than the place of business, nor tho trict or may be served personally or may be
ECUADOR. sale by manufacturers or producers of their own left with his family. I can see that this pro- The SPEAKER also laid before the House goods, wares, and merchandise, at the place of production or manufacture, and at their principal office
vision may be liable to great abuse. The pubor place of business, provided no goods, wares, or lication may be made in a newspaper many
a message from the President, transmitting cor
respondence in reference to the non-payment merchandise shall be kept for sale at said office. And miles from the place of seizure, so that the every person exercising or carrying on any trade,
by Ecuador of the first installment under the * business, or profession, or doing any act for which a party will know nothing about it.
convention of 1862; which was ordered to be special tax is imposed, shall, on demand of any ofli- I move, therefore, to amend by striking out
printed, and referred to the Committee on cer of internal revenue, produce and exhibit the the following: receipt for payment of the tax, and unless he shall
Foreign Affairs. do so may be taken and deemed not to have paid And the assessor of the district in which the seizure
THOMAS FOSTER. such tax. And in case any peddler shall refuse to has occurred may, on ten days' notice published in exhibit his or her receipt, as aforesaid, when de- any newspaper in the district, or served personally On motion of Mr. HUBBARD, of West Virmanded by any officer of internal revenue, said on the peddler or at his dwelling-houso, require such officer may seize the horse, wagon, and contents, or peddler to show cause if any he has.
ginia, leave was granted for the withdrawal
from the files of the House of the papers in pack, bundle, or basket of any person so refusing,
And inserting in lieu thereof the following: and the assessor of the district in which the seizure
the case of Thomas Foster. has occured may, on ten days' notice, published in And shall immediately servo upon such peddler a any newspaper in the district, or served personally
HARRISON HEERMANCE. notice in writing requiring him to show cause beforo on the peddler, or at his dwelling-house, require such the assessor of the district in which such seizure shall On motion of Mr. KETCHAM, leave was peddler to show causo, if any he has, why the horses, be made, at a time and place therein stated, which wagon, and contents, pack, bundle, or basket so shall not be less than six days por moro than fifteen
granted for the withdrawal from the files of the seized shall not be forfeited ; and in case no suflicient days from the day of such service.
House of the papers in the case of Harrison cause is shown, the assessor may direct a forfeiture,
Heermance. and issue an order to the collector or to any deputy Mr. MORRILL. Mr. Chairman, I hope that collector of the district for the sale of the property so forfeited; and one half of thosame, after payment of this amendment will not be adopted, for the
E. C. WILLETT. the expenses of the proceedings, shall be paid to the reason that it will be impossible in a great On motion of Mr. BIDWELL, leave was oflicer making the scizure, and the other half thereof many instances to reach these peddlers unless
granted for the withdrawal from the files of to the collector for the use of the United States. And
the process is exceedingly summary. I have all special taxes imposed after the 1st day of May in
the House of the papers in the case of E. C. any yearshall be paid for and until the 1st day of May not so much sympathy for the peddlers as my Willett. next succeeding, and shall be the ratable proportion friend from New York has. I know that in a
SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' UNION. of the whole amount of tax imposed for one year, and estimated from the first day of the month in which
great many instances these persons, who flock such tax is imposed. to all public gatherings, such as musters and
Mr. MCKEE, by unanimous consent, intro
duced a bill to incorporate the Soldiers' and Mr. MORRILL. I move to strike out the || agricultural fairs, appear in a place one day
Sailors' Union of Washington city; which was word "and" before the words - date or time and disappear the next; so that it will be im
read a first and second time, and, with the of payment,'' and insert the words "
possible to reach them by the process proposed
payment is made,'' in the commencement of the para
by the gentleman. I know that heretofore a accompanying memorial, referred to the Comlarge amount of fraud has been committed by
mittee on Military Affairs. graph. The amendment was agreed to. these peddlers, and that they—the smaller
LEAVE OF ABSENCE. Mr. MORRILL. At the commencement of
sort, such as peddle jewelry and other gim. the proviso I move to amend by inserting after cracks-require the unceasing vigilance of the
On motion of Mr. SCHENCK, leave of abrevenue officers.
sence was granted to Mr. BINGHAM for two the word "tax" the word “herein ;' and also
Mr. HOLMES. This section provides that the to strikeout the words "exonerate from taxation" and insert the words "exempt from an property of these peddlers may be seized. Now,
And then, on motion of Mr. ALLISON, (at the party who makes the seizure has certainly
four o'clock and thirty-five minutes p. m.,) the additional special tax;" so that the sentence an opportunity to serve notice upon the ped
House adjourned. will read:
dler. I cannot see the force of the objection Provided. That the paymont of the special tax herein imposed shall not exempt from an additional urged by the chairman of the committee.
PETITIONS, ETC. special tax, &c.
The amendment was not agreed to.
The following petitions, &c., were presented under The amendment was agreed to.
The Clerk began the reading of the next
the rule and referred to the appropriate commitpar
tecs: Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert the words
agraph, commencing on line eight hundred and By Mr. CULLOM: The petition of numerous cit"doing business” after the word sixty-five, when
izens of Sangamon county, in the State of Illinois, corporation” and before the words “in any other
Mr. LE BLOND moved that the committee
in favor of Congress imposing a national tax of two
dollars per head on dogs. rise. place than that stated.”
Also, the petition of a large number of citizens of The motion was agreed to.
The motion was agreed to.
Sangamon county, Illinois, asking that Congress
shall levy a specific duty upon wool.
So the committee rose; and the Speaker Mr. MORRILL. I move to strike out the
By Mr. CLARKE, of Ohio: The petition of J. W. having resumed the chair, Mr. Dawes reported Pomprey. of Brown county, Ohio, asking pay for word 'prohibit” and insert the words “ that the Committee of the Whole on the state
services rendered the United States as a detective. quire a special tax for'' after the words “but of the Union had had under consideration the
By Mr. DAVIS: The petition of the trustees of
New York Central College, for recognition and con nothing herein contained shall,”! and before Union generally, and particularly the special firmation of title to certain tracts of land in Oregon the words “the storage of goods, wares, or order, being bill of the House No.-513, to
and in Washington Territory. merchandise," &c. amend an act entitled “An act to provide
By Mr. JULIAN: The petition of Eleanor C. RanThe motion was agreed to.
som, asking an appropriation to reimburse her for internal revenue to support the Government, losses sustained in the service of the United States Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert the words to pay interest on the public debt, and for
during the late rebellion.
By Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio: The memorial of bor mule" after the words "said officer may other purposes,”' approved June 30, 1864, and
Miss H. H. Webber, and 26 others, clerks in the Post seize the horse,' and also insert the words or acts amendatory thereof, and had come to no Office Department, asking for equal pay to those einmules" before the words “ wagon and contents, resolution thereon.
ployed in the Treasury Department, and for propor
tional amount of the $244 provided for clerks of pack, bundle, or basket so seized shall not be EMPLOYÉS IN STATE DEPARTMENT.
small salaries. forfeited."
By Mr. PHELPS: The petition of James Hooper, The motion was agreed to.
The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid of Baltimore, Maryland, claiming compensation for
before the House the following message from loss of bark General Berry, destroyed by rebel priMr. MORRILL. I move to amend by strik
vateer Florida. the President of the United States :
By Mr. RANDALL, of Kentucky: The petition of ing out lines eight hundred and sixty to eight to the House of Representatives :
P. P. Ballard for the establishment of a post route hundred and sixty-four, as follows:
over the new turnpike from Richmond via the mouth And all special taxes imposed after the 1st day of
I transmit a report of the Secretary of State of Tate's creek to Lexington, Kentucky. May in any year shall be paid for and until tho 1st in answer to that part of the resolution of the
Br Mr. WELKER: The petition of William Boti
mer, and others, late officers in the thirteenth Uniday of May next succeeding, and shall be the ratable House of Representatives of the 7th instant ted States colored heavy artillery, asking pay for proportion of the whole amount of tax imposed for one year, and estimated from the first day of the which calls for information in regard to the recruiting men for that regiment in the State of
Ohio, month in which such tax is imposed. Clerks employed in the Department of State.
By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: The petition of Doctors And inserting in lieu thereof the following:
ANDREW JOHNSON. G. J. Lock, E. A. Whipple, and H. M. Hall, of Danby, And all such special taxes shall become due on the
Vermont, praying that medicines used by physicians WASHINGTON, May 15, 1866.
may be exempted from taxation.
exceeding two millions, and many others have a participation in the political power which the WEDNESDAY, May 16, 1866. a population exceeding one million.
Federal Government wields--not for the ben
A population of one hundred and twenty- efit of any individual State or section, but for Prayer by Rev. Dr. PHILLIPS, of London, seven thousand is the ratio of apportionment | the common safety, welfare, and happiness of England.
of Representatives among the several States. the whole country. The Journal of yesterday was read and If this bill should become a law, the people of
ANDREW JOHNSON. approved. Colorado, thirty thousand in number, would
WASHINGTON, D..C., May 15, 1866. ADMISSION OF COLORADO-VETO.
have in the House of Representatives one memThe PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before ber, while New York, with a population of four
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques. the Senate the following message from the millions, has but thirty-one. Colorado would
tion is on the reconsideration of the bill. Shall President of the United States :
have in the Electoral College three votes, while the bill pass, the objections of the President of New York has only thirty-three. Colorado
the United States to the contrary notwithTo the Senate of the United States : would have in the Senate two votes, while New
standing? I return to the Senate, in which it originated, York has no more.
My. WADE. I move that the message be the bill which has passed both Houses of Con- Inequalities of this character have already printed and referred to the Committee on Tergress, entitled "An act for the admission of occurred, but it is believed that none have hap
ritories, together with the bill. the State of Colorado into the Union," with pened where the inequality was so great. When
Mr. SUMNER. I ask, is that the proper my objections to it becoming a law at this such inequality has been allowed, Congress is time. supposed to have permitted it on the ground of
Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not think it is 1. From the best information which I have some high public necessity, and under circum
usual to refer a bill in this stage. It cannot been able to obtain, I do not consider the es- stances which promised that it would rapidly be amended. tablishment of a State government at present disappear through the growth and development
Mr. JOHNSON, and others. Let the mesnecessary for the welfare of the people of of the newly admitted State. Thus, in regard
sage be printed and laid on the table. Colorado. Under the existing territorial gov- to the several States in what was formerly called
Mr. WADE. If the course which is proernment all the rights, privileges, and interests the .. Northwest Territory," lying east of the posed is unusual, and I do not know but that of the citizens are protected and secured. Mississippi, their rapid advancement in popu
it is, I will move simply that the message be The qualified voters choose their own legisla-lation rendered it certain that States admitted | printed and laid on the table. tors and their own local officers, and are rep- with only one or two Representatives in Con
Mr: SUMNER. Mr. Presidentresented in Congress by a Delegate of their gress would in a very short period be entitled The PRESIDENT protempore. The motion own selection. They make and execute their to a great increase of representation. So when
is not debatable. own municipal laws, subject only to revision California was admitted on the ground of com
Mr. SUMNER. The question of printing is of Congress--an authority not likely to be mercial and political exigencies, it was well
debatable. exercised, unless in extreme or extraordinary foreseen that that State was destined rapidly to
Mr. CLARK. You can call for a division The population is small, some esti- become a great, prosperous, mining, and com
of the question. mating it so low as twenty-five thousand, while mercial community. In the case of Colorado,
Mr. SUMNER. I merely wish to ask why advocates of the bill reckon the number at from I am not aware that any rational exigency,
we should not proceed to vote at once and disthirty-five thousand to forty thousand souls. The either of a political or commercial nature, re
pose of the matter. people are principally recent settlers, many of quires a departure from the law of equality motion of the Senator from Ohio, so that the
Mr. HENDRICKS. I desire to modify the whom are understood to be ready for removal which has been so generally adhered to in our to other mining districts beyond the limits of history.
bill shall be made the order of business for the Territory if circumstances shall render If information submitted in connection with some particular hour; I am not choice about them more inviting. Such a population can- this bill is reliable, Colorado, instead of increas
the hour. not but find relief from excessive taxation if | ing, has declined in population. At an election
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The motion the Territorial system, which devolves the for members of a Territorial Legislature held in
to lay on the table, in the opinion of the Chair, expense of the executive, legislative, and judi. 1861, 10,580 votes were cast. At the election || supersedes that motion ; and it is not amend' cial departments upon the United States, is before mentioned, in 1864, the number of votes
able in that form. The question is on the for the present continued. They cannot but cast was 6,192; while at the irregular election
motion of the Senator from Ohio, that the find the security of person and property in. held in 1865, which is assumed as a basis for
message and bill be laid on the table and creased by their reliance upon the national || legislative action at this times the aggregate
printed. executive power for the maintenance of law of votes was 5,905. Sincerely anxious for the
The motion was agreed to-ayes 17, noes and order against the disturbances necessarily | welfare and prosperity of every Territory and
not counted. incident to all newly organized communities. State, as well as for the prosperity and welfare
RELATIONS WITH ECUADOR. 2. It is not satisfactorily established that a of the whole Union, I regret this apparent The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before majority of the citizens of Colorado desire or decline of population in Colorado, but it is the Senate the following message from the are prepared for an exchange of a territorial manifest that it is due to emigration, which is President of the United States: for a state government. In September, 1864, going out from that Territory into other regions to the Senate and House of Representatives : under the authority of Congress, an election within the United States, which either are in was lawfully appointed and held for the pur- fact, or are believed by the inhabitants of Col- I transmit to Congress a copy of a correpose of ascertaining the views of the people orado to be, richer in mineral wealth and agri- || spondence between the Secretary of State and upon that particular question. Six thousand cultural resources. If, however, Colorado has the acting chargé d'affaires of the United States one hundred and ninety-two votes were cast, not really declined in population, another cen- at Guayaquil, in the republic of Ecuador, from and of this number a majority of 3,152 was sus or another election under the authority of which it appears that the Government of that given against the proposed change. In Sep- || Congress would place the question beyond | republic has failed to pay the first installtember, 1865, without any legal authority, the doubt, and cause but little delay in the ultimate ment of the award of the commissioners under question was again presented to the people of admission of the Territory as a State, if desired the convention between the United States and the Territory with the view of obtaining a re- by the people. The tenor of these objections | Ecuador of the 25th November, 1862, which consideration of the result of the election held furnishes the reply which may be expected to installment was due on the 17th of February in compliance with the act of Congress, approved an argument in favor of the measure derived last. All debts of this character from one March 21, 1864. At this second election 5,905 from the enabling act which was passed by | Government to another are justly regarded as votes were polled, and a majority of 155 was Congress on the 21st day of March, 1864. of a peculiarly sacred character, and as further given in favor of State organization. It does Although Congress then supposed that the diplomatic measures are not in this instance not seem to me entirely safe to receive this condition of the Territory was such as to likely to be successful, the expediency of aulast mentioned result, so irregularly obtained, warrant its admission as a State, the result of thorizing other proceedings, in case they should as sufficient to outweigh the one which had two years' experience shows that every reason ultimately prove to be indispensable, is subbeen legally obtained in the first election. Reg. which existed for the institution of a territorial mitted to your consideration. ularity and conformity to law are essential to instead of a State government in Colorado at
ANDREW JOHNSON. the preservation of order and stable govern- its first organization still continues in force. WASHINGTON, May 9, 1866. ment, and should, as far as practicable, always The condition of the Union at the present Mr. SUMNER. I move that that message be observed in the formation of new States. moment is calculated to inspire caution in of the President, with the accompanying papers,
3. The admission of Colorado at this time regard to the admission of new States. Eleven be printed, and referred to the Committee on as a State into the Federal Union appears to of the old States have been for some time, and Foreign Relations. me to be incompatible with the public interests still remain, unrepresented in Congress. It is The motion was agreed to. of the country. While it is desired that Ter- a common interest of all the States, as well ritories sufficiently matured should be organ- those represented as those unrepresented, that
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. ized as States, yet the spirit of the Constitu- the integrity and harmony of the Union should Mr. LANE, of Indiana, presented a memotion seems to require that there should be an be restored as completely as possible, so that rial of the board of trustees of the Indiana approximation toward equality among the sev. all those who are expected to bear the bur- Agricultural College, praying for a modificaeral States comprising the Union. No State dens of the Federal Government shall be con- tion of the act of July 2, 1862, granting to the can have more than two Senators in Congress; || sulted concerning the admission of new States, several States a quantity of land equal to the largest State has a population of four mil- and that in the mean time no new State shall | thirty thousand acres for each Senator and lions, several of the States have a population Il be prematurely and unnecessarily admitted to Representative in Congress for agricultural col
39Tu Cong. 1ST SESS.-No. 164,
leges; which was referred to the Committee Mr. FESSENDEN. I will explain it, if the is here. Now, I do not intend or desire to pesh on Agriculture.
Senator will allow me. There is an important this matter of Portland; I have no opinion on Mr. YATES presented a memorial of assist- public work going on in Portland by which the the subject even, except that I do not see why ant assessors under the internal revenue law Presumpscot river, which is near Portland, is it might not be done there; but there are a in the ninth district of Illinois, praying for in- | brought by a canal directly into the habor of great many considerations that I am not able creased compensation; which was referred to Portland, a little outside of the city. The engi- to understand, probably, or to explain ; still I the Committee on Finance,
neer in charge of the work says it is perfectly want a report on that as well as upon New Mr. HARRIS. I have received a memorial || practicable, at a very small expense, to give | London; but I do not want another for New the disposition of which has been a matter of
the Government all the room it needs for the London put on to this resolution. doubt with me. It is numerously signed by citi- purpose of laying up in fresh water-not in Mr. FOSTER. It is far from my purpose to · zens of Cortland county, New York. It speaks fresh and salt water, but in absolutely fresh interfere with or thwart the object which the of grievances that have long existed, and very water—these iron-clads; that it may be done honorable Senator from Maine has in view. earnestly; but what those are I am unable to at the expense of some two or three hundred The proposed amendment is not offered with discover; and, on the whole, as the meaning thousand dollars, and any number of acres of any such design. The Senator is not quite corand construction of a written instrument is a land may be covered by a little wall across the rect in saying that New London has had an question of law, I propose to refer it to the mouth, and it will furnish all facilities of that examination and report already on this subject. Committee on the Judiciary.
description. I have been very anxious not to There has been, it is true, an examination by a The inemorial was referred to the Committee urge the matter upon Congress, and have brought | board appointed by the Secretary of the Navy on the Judiciary.
in no bill on the subject, or anything of the as it regards the fitness and the desirableness
kind; but at the very beginning of the session of New London as a site for a navy-yard. But FRESII-WATER BASIN FOR IRON-CLADS.
I endeavored to prevail on the Secretary of the this is a distinct question. Mr. GRIMES. I am instructed by the Com- Navy to have this site examined and reported Mr. FESSENDEN. It was put precisely mittee on Naval Affairs, to whom was referred upon. I could get no encouragement from him upon this ground, as a place for iron-clads. a resolution of the city council of the city of that he would allow anybody to examine it and Mr. FOSTER. Of course I will not contraPortland, in the State of Maine, in relation to make a report. He brought up certain objec. dict what the Senator states. the preservation of iron-clads, to report the tions, all of which, I thought, were entirely Mr. FESSENDEN. It was brought up in same back, accompanied with a joint resolu- untenable. He was urged strongly to just get opposition to League Island. tion.
the facts, by a commission appointed by him. Mr. FOSTER. It is true that League Island Mr. FESSENDEN. I should like to have self, who could say whether it was fit for this and New London came in competition; but the that resolution taken up and passed now. It
purpose or not, and how much it would cost, principal cause for the examination of both is only for the appointment of a commission. &c.
places was to ascertain the best site for a navy. Mr. JOHNSON. I should like to have it Mr. JOHNSON. He could have done that, il yard. That was the general purpose of the read. if he pleased.
board ; and the matter of iron-clads came in as The joint resolution (S. R. No. 92) author- Mr. GRIMES. He had not the authority. an incident, and was by no means the principal izing the appointment of examiners to examine Mr. FESSENDEN. He could send down cause for the appointment of the board; nor a site for a fresh-water basin for iron-clad ves
any man to do it, if he had chosen to do so. was their examination directed to that end only. sels of the United States Navy was read a first He did not say he had not the authority; he The question of iron-clads, as I admit, came time by its title.
did not make that a point. He could have in; but the examination for a fresh-water basin Mr. JOHNSON. Are they to examine sites sent, not a commission, but an engineer—there specially for the protection of iron-elads has anywhere?
are engineers in the employ of the Navy De- not yet been intrusted to any commission. Mr. GRIMES. No, sir.
partment-or any one of his officers to look at There has been no committee for such a pur. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the it, and there would be no difficulty about it. pose ; there has been no examination of New Senator from Maryland ask for the reading of I could not prevail upon him to do it. Finally London for such a purpose, nor of League Islthe joint resolution at length ?
a letter was handed to him by a gentleman, and for such a purpose, but for the establishMr. JOHNSON. If what has been read and he made the reply, substantially, that until ment of a navy-yard. The very reason that the states the substance of it I do not.
the question of League Island was disposed of honorable Senator gives, so far as it goes, is a Mr. GRIMES and Mr. FESSENDEN. That he would not have it examined.
reason why this resolution should be amended is the title merely,
Mr. JOHNSON. The Senator will permit || in this manner, because it will not consume Mr. JOHNSON. Then I ask for the read- me to ask him avhether this site in Maine has much of the time of the officer or officers who ing of the resolution. ever been examined by anybody.
may be detailed for this purpose; for so far as The Secretary read the resolution, which Mr. FESSENDEN. It has been examined the examination has already progressed at New proposes to direct the Secretary of the Navy | by the engineer engaged upon the work of | London, it may be taken and will serve as an to appoint a board of examiners to examine a which I have spoken; and he says that this aid to the board who are making the examinasite at or near the city of Portland, State of can be done.
tion, and will not be an impediment. Maine, for a fresh-water basin for iron-clad Mr. JOHNSON. That I understand; but I repeat, again, that I am by no means invessels of the United States Navy, and to as- has anybody examined it for the Government? clined to thwart the purpose of the Senator certain the advantages and cost of the site, Mr. FESSENDEN. No, sir.
from Maine; but I am desirous that New Lonand report to Congress during the present Mr. JOHNSON. So that they have had no don shall not be lost sight of in this examinasession.
opportunity of comparing the two sites, the one tion, and that the peculiar advantages of that Mr. JOHNSON. I have not the slightest | proposed at Portland and the one at League | harbor, both as a naval station and a navyobjection to that; but why should it be con- Island?
yard generally, and particularly as a site for fined to the city of Portland? Why not au- Mr. FESSENDEN. No, sir; and I cannot the object which this resolution has in view, thorize them to examine sites anywhere? get an examination. I stated to the Secretary should attract the attention of Congress. It
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The joint distinctly, “Sir, I have no opinion about it; I is not by any means either to delay or impede resolution is not before the Senate at present urge nothing in regard to it; I ask nothing in the honorable Senator's object that I move the for consideration.
regard to it except simply that you will ascer- amendment. Mr. JOHNSON. I beg pardon. I thought | tain the facts for yourself by one of your own Mr. FESSENDEN. I do not know what it was under consideration.
oflicers;'' and up to this time I have not been the motive may be; but the effect is to prevent Mr. FESSENDEN. I should like to have able to get him even to move to let the facts my getting the report that I want to get; and it taken up if there is no objection, because be known to Congress or to anybody else. I do not think it is quite just or reasonable, the time named in it for a report is so short. Therefore it is that I want this resolution because there has already been a thorough Mr. JOHNSON. I do not object to it of passed to direct him to send a commission examination of New London; we know all
there to examine and report.
That is all. about it. There is no danger of its being lost Mr. CLARK. The clause directing a report Mr. FOSTER. [Mr. POMERoy in the chair.) | sight of, for I-and I presume all other Senduring the present session of Congress had Mr. President, I move to ainend the resolution ators-have been perfectly overwhelmed with better be stricken out.
by adding after the words "Portland, Maine,'' communications and newspapers from New Mr. JOHNSON. It cannot be done in the the words and also New London, Connecti- London with regard to it ever since the matter time mentioned. What I suggested was, that cut.''
was started originally. I have no objection to it was limiting the authority of the board. Is Mr. FESSENDEN. I hope the Senate will the Senator's having a commission if he wants the resolution now before the Senate ?
not do that. New London, Connecticut, has one; but I do not think this resolution should The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is not. already been examined by a commission. There || be embarrassed with it, because I have been
Mr. FESSENDEN. I should like to have has been an examination and a report upon trying all the session to get a report on this it taken up and considered now.
New London. The Senator will not, I take it, site during the present session of Congress, There being no objection, the joint resolu- contradict that fact. I do not want so much I simply want an examination and report; and was read a second time, and considered as in put upon this commission that they cannot I really hope the object I have in view will not Committee of the Whole.
make a return at this session of Congress. The be embarrassed by piling on another site and Mr. JOHNSON. I was about saying before examination at Portland can be made in the another and another, and thus defeating all. that I did not exactly understand why the course of a week; but if others are put on, it I should like to have this resolution stand by board to be appointed under the authority of nullifies the whole thing. Connecticut has itself and get the report of a commission on this resolution was to be limited to the exami- || already had its commission to examine New this site. If there had been no examination nation of a site at Portland.
London and to report upon it; and the report ll and report in regard to New London, I should
not object to the amendment of the Senator willing, after that shall be ascertained, to aban- are to be taken care of in fresh water when from Connecticut; but it is a little hard, I don my amendment, and have the report made not needed on the ocean. thrink, to crowd upon an original proposition leaving out New London. If it shall be as- I think, however, the matter should be carean old one which has already excited so much certained by the Senator that the officers in fully inquired into by competent officers, who attention and been examined on its own merits. || charge of this work cannot make an exami- || will regard the public service and not local This is a single matter, not with reference to a nation of both harbors so that we can have the interests. Of course, in this I have no local navy-yard, but to find what merit there is in comparison I shall then consent to change the interest, but my attention was called to all this place for the purpose named; I do not resolution, and have the harbor of Portland these points long since, and I made it someknow that there will turn out to be any.
examined and a report made on that alone; what a matter of study; and my impression is The PRESIDING OFFICER. The ques- but I repeat I have no idea that this exami- that Tappan bay, above New York city, on the tion is on the amendment of the Senator from nation will occasion a delay of three days. It || Hudson, is the most convenient, and would Connecticut.
will be wholly unimportant so far as the delay be the best point for this particular service. I Mr. RIDDLE. Is the amendment open to to Portland is concerned, and I do think that I am told by engineers that with a dam and amendment?
there can be no injury to the Senate, to the locks, at small expense to the Government, The PRESIDING OFFICER. It is. country, to anybody if we have this examination fresh water enough to float a navy can be had,
Mr. RIDDLE. I move to amend the amend- so that we can compare the two harbors of right there, convenient to all the machine-shops ment by adding, after the word “Connecticut," Portland and New London together, and so and to all the works of the first city of the the words “and New Castle, Delaware," a decide on their relative and absolute merits. Union. My impression is that that would be place which has been examined thoroughly by The previous examination which has been the best place; but I should like to have it men outside of the committee, and it is deemed alluded to, so far from being a reason why this inquired into by men who profess to under: very appropriate for this purpose.
should not be done, is a reason why it should, || stand this business as a science. I think it Mr. JOHNSON. I shall vote for the origi- || and is a conclusive reason against what is now should be done. It is customary, in careful nal resolution with great pleasure, and shall urged by way of delay. That examination will || legislation, to have commissions appointed vote against both the amendments, the one probably aid the ollicers so far in making the about questions of this kind, commissions of proposed by the Senator from Connecticut and present one that in a very short period of time men of particular skill in their particular the other proposed by the Senator from Dela- the examination can be made so as to be sat- department; and I think a commission should ware. But there is a position, as I understand, || isfactory. I do hope that this amendment will be sent out to examine, and their report should the examination of which perhaps will not inter- be adopted.
be received as authority on the subject. It fere in any way with a report by the com- Mr. HENDRICKS. I move to strike out would govern me. I would not like to be govmission within a very limited time. At the that portion of the resolution which fixes any erned entirely by my own particular opinions, head of Severn river, near Annapolis, there is particular place of examination, so that a for my information is not so extended as I an extraordinary sheet of fresh water, such as board appointed by the Navy Department shall should desire to have it in order to feel that I is not to be found, I understand, even in the make an examination generally. I suppose am perfectly informed. State of Maine ; it is called the Round bay. Senators are aware of the fact that this is a new Mr. FESSENDEN. I have no doubt many The water is perfectly fresh ; it has a depth of necessity growing out of the construction of an Senators have places in their eye, and are very some thirty and forty feet, and has capacity to iron navy. It is desirable to have fresh water learned on this subject. I do not profess to float an immense navy. What I desire-and in which to float these vessels to avoid the know anything about it. . It is not a matter I shall not offer an amendment if the honora- destruction which is incident to their being upon which I have an opinion with reference to ble member from Maine thinks it will interfere kept continually in salt water. This subject | what should be the place. I only say that at in any way with his object--what I should like has never been investigated, I presume, be- present there is a large public work going on to have would be to have a board examine into cause there has never been a necessity for the at Portland, which is to go on whether this that site and say whether that would not answer investigation before. I cannot, however, see basin shall be made there or not-a work the purpose. In relation to the proposed site the propriety of going to any one point and undertaken by a private company.
The engiat Portland, as far as I know anything about that only. Is it not better to say to the De- neer of that work, a man of great experience it, and that is only from reading a letter that I partment, “ Examine generally and ascertain and skill, known, I believe, to the honorable have received from the engineer who is now where is the best point for tlfe floating of the Senators from Michigan, has given the opinion employed on some works connected with the iron-clads in fresh water?!? If the best point that at a very small expense this thing can be harbor there, which it is supposed may be be at Annapolis certainly that point onght to | accomplished there. Whether it can or not, I used, I am very favorably impressed with it. be selected. If the best place is at Philadel. do not profess to know. As I stated before, I I have received a long private letter explain-phia that ought to be selected. If, on the other have made every effort to get some informaing the exact situation of the river proposed to hand, Portland, in Maine, be the best point we tion on the subject, to let somebody look at it be used. Without, of course, knowing a great ought to select that. Certainly a very satis- who was capable of judging, and who was an deal upon such matters, I have come to the factory examination, and such an examination officer of the Government-just to that extent, conclusion that what he proposed was very
as would enable Congress to legislate upon the no more and make a report. I have utterly practicable, and that the site itself would be subject, would be secured by a resolution au- failed, because the Secretary of the Navy will an admirable one for the purpose for which it || thorizing a general examination. Suppose a not look at any place except League Island. is supposed to be adapted by the resolution commission go to Portland, Maine, and report That is the fact about it. He will not even proposed by the Senator from Maine ; but I am that that is a very suitable place. That report permit the Department or himself or anybody not sure that this site would not be as good. will not inform Congress whether it is the best else to have any information on the subject. If the honorable member thinks it will inter- location, because that commission would not This work is going on there day after day, and fere in any way with his object, I shall not have examined the other points. It seems to
the facts can be ascertained. I do not know, offer the ainendment, but shall propose it as a me that it is far better just to say that a com- even if this basin could be made at Portland separate resolution at some other time. mission shall be appointed to examine gener- and made at a slight expense, that it would be
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The first || ally, and surely the Senator from Maine is not the proper place; I do not pretend to say that question is on the amendment of the Senator | afraid of that investigation, for if his place be it would be. I merely want an examination from Delaware to the amendment of the Sen- the best, then, of course, the board will select made and the evidence with regard to it placed ator from Connecticut.
it; if it be not the best I know that he is too before the Department and before Congress The amendment to the amendment was patriotic to desire its selection.
that we may have the use of it. rejected.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The amend- With that view, as it is very late in the sesThe PRESIDING OFFICER. The question ment of the Senator from Indiana will be in | sion, and I want the report to come in at this now is on the amendment proposed by the Sen. order when the present amendment shall have session, I ask simply for the appointment of ator from Connecticut.
been disposed of. Not being an amendment this commission. My friend from ConnectiMr. FOSTER. I cannot believe that this to the pending amendment, it is not in order. cut, who has had New London examined and amendment will occasion any such delay as the Mr. McDOUGALL. In confirmation of the treated of, wishes to put New London on here. Senator from Maine suggests. The officers same view which the Senator from Indiana has | Anybody can see what the result must be. It who go to Portland will of course pass New | presented, I desire to say a word. This sub- will probably take a week to make a thorough London on their way if they go from this sec- ject is one that has attracted the attention of examination of this place, and then the report tion of country, and if they come from the Senators and members of Congress for some is to be made; but if they are to go from that other section, and come this way, they must years past, and it is one on which there has to New London, it will take just double the pass, New London. It is certainly perfectly been great difference of opinion. I have an time, and if then to some other place the time feasible and practicable for the officers who opinion of my own, which has been obtained is just so much increased. We are now getting may be charged with this duty at Portland with some carefulness. There is a large sheet | toward the close of the session, and we can get to make an examination at New London with of fresh water that enters into Tappan bay the testimony with regard to Portland at this very little delay. The report in regard to within sixteen or twenty miles of New York | session. I do not wish the resolution to be both harbors may be had instead of only one, || city; and that, with a dam and locks, can be embarrassed by these other places which genand that without any such delay as to embar- made to float, in fresh water, a navy, convenient tlemen have had ample opportunity to investirass the measure at all. If it shall turn out to business, convenient to the service. It is gate for themselves, and to offer their own reson the examination that the officers cannot my impression, not altogether my conviction, olutions and accomplish their own purposes ; examine both places, and that Portland will but my impression, that that is the true point but they have not chosen to do that, and instead thereby be prejudiced, I shall be perfectly l in which to locate the place where iron-clads ll of taking that course they wait until a proposi
tion is made with regard to one place and then take the vote upon it. I want to go on with threatened raid of the rebel John Morgan in try to load it down with theirs. I do not like the appropriation bill. I should object to any 1862, submitted a report accompanied by a joint that kind of practice. I do not think it is body else proceeding, and therefore I shall not resolution (S. R. No. 94) providing for the pay. exactly the way we ought to treat each other. ask that this resolution be proceeded with now. ment of certain Kentucky militia forces. Tże
Now, as to the suggestion which the honora- The PRESIDING OFFICER. House bill joint resolution was read and passed tv a ble Senator from Indiana makes, that will defeat No. 261 is. before the Senate.
second reading, and the report was ordered to the resolution altogether; and I suppose that is
Mr. McDOUGALL. I merely wish to sug. be printed. what he is driving at. It just makes a general gest that the amendment I proposed to the Mr. YATES, from the Committee on the Dis. roving commission to go all over the country and amendment of the Senator from Connecti- trict of Columbia, to whom was referred a bill (S. examine all the territory of the United States and
No. 290) to incorporate the National Life and see where a place can be found. The result is The PRESIDING OFFICER. That ques- Accident Insurance Company of the District perfectly manifest. The proposition is very
ion is not before the Senate at this time. of Columbia, reported it without amendment. plausible and very smooth, like everything else Mr. McDOUGALL. I only wish to present
PASSPORTS. that my honorable friend from Indiana does ; it, that by the courtesy of the Senate it may be but if you look through it, you see what the considered as before the body.
Mr. TRUMBULL. The Committee on the result is. We shall get no information, prob. The PRESIDING OFFICER. It may be | Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H. ably for years, on the subject. received by unanimous consent.
R. No. 568) to repeal section twenty-three of The PRESIDING OFFICER,(Mr. POMEROY Mr. MCDOUGALL. I ask the Secretary chapter seventy-nine of the acts of the third in the chair.) The morning hour having ex: to read it as an amendment to the amendment. session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, repired, it becomes the duty of the Chair to call The PRESIDING OFFICER. The amend- lating to passports, have had it under consid. up the unfinished business of yesterday: ment of the Senator from California will be || eration, and have directed me to report it back
Mr. SHERMAN. What is the unfinished received and will be read when the joint reso- with an amendment; and as it is a short bill, business? lution is again before the Senate.
I ask that it be put on its passage. It will take The PRESIDING OFFICER. It is the bill Mr. HARRIS. Before the appropriation
but a moment. (H. R. No. 261) making appropriations for the bill is proceeded with, I desire to make a There being no objection, the Senate, as in consular and diplomatic expenses of the Gov. report from a committee.
Committee of the Whole, proceeded to conernment for the year ending June 30, 1867, and The PRESIDING OFFICER. The consu- sider the bill, which repeals section twentyfor other purposes.
lar and diplomatic appropriation bill is before three of an act entitled "An act making apMr. FESSENDEN. Let that bill come up. the Senate, but by unanimous consent the Chair | propriations for sundry civil expenses of the I should oppose anybody else going on with will receive reports and other morning business. Government for the year ending June 30, 1864, any business that would interfere with that;
and for the year ending the 30th of June, 1863,
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. and therefore I shall not ask that the appropri
and for other purposes. tion bill be laid aside for the purpose of dispos
Mr. IIARRIS, from the Committee on Pri- The Committee on the Judiciary reported ing of this resolution.
vate Land Claims, to whom was referred the the bill with an amendment, to add at the end Mr. GRIMES. I wish to say one word ; not
memorial of William Syphax, praying to be of the bill, “and hereafter passports shall be on the subject of this resolution, but in justice confirmed in his title to a tract of land in the issued only to citizens of the United States." to the Secretary of the Navy. According to Arlington estate, (so-called,) Virginia, granted The amendment was agreed to. my construction of the law and the duties of the to his mother by the late G. W. P. Custis in
The bill was reported to the Senate as Secretary of the Navy, he had no more author
the year 1862, reported a bill (S. No. 321) for | amended, and the amendment was concurred ity to comply with the request of the Senator the relief of Maria Syphax; which was read
in. The amendment was ordered to be enfrom Maine than I have. Suppose I had gone and passed to a second reading. to the Senator from Maine, when he was Sec
Mr. CLARK. The Committee on Claims,
grossed, and the bill to be read the third time.
It was read the third time and passed. retary of the Treasury, and asked him to send to whom was referred the petition of D. D. an engineer to the town where I live, for the Sublett, praying for compensation for services
DIRECT TAX IN WEST VIRGINIA. purpose of selecting a proper site to establish rendered in taking the eighth census in the Mr. VAN WINKLE. I am directed by the a custom-house. We have got a surveyor of
county of Morgan, State of Kentucky, have Committee on Finance, to whom was referred customs there, but no appropriation has ever
directed me to make an adverse report thereon, the joint resolution (S. R. No. 90) to suspend been made for the establishment of a custom
there being power to pay the claim at the De: H temporarily the collection of the direct tax house, and Congress has never contemplated partment. I move that the report be printed. within the State of West Virginia, to report it any such thing. If I had made such a propo
The motion was agreed to.
back without amendment and recommend its sition he would have laughed at me. But the Mr. LANE, of Indiana, from the Committee passage; and as the mischief intended to be gravamen of the charge, I believe, is that the on Pensions, to whom was referred a bill (H. cured is now going on, I should be glad if the Secretary of the Navy will not interfere with R. No. 462) granting pension to Mrs. Sally Senate would indulge me with the present conanything or listen to anything as long as League Andrews, reported it without amendment. sideration of the resolution; it can occupy but Island is under consideration. What evidence He also, from the same committee, to whom a moment or two at most. is there of that? Did the Secretary tell the was referred the petition of Mrs. Sarah E. There being no objection, the Senate, as in Senator from Maine so?
Brewer, praying for an extra pension in con- Committee of the Whole, proceeded to consider Mr. FESSENDEN. He told another gen- sequence of the loss of her husband and two the joint resolution. tleman so. I have it in a letter that he so stated. sons in the Army, reported adversely thereon, Mir. VAN WINKLE. The circumstances
Mr. GRIMES. He told another gentleman, || there being no proof to sustain the prayer of which have led me to introduce this resolation who told another gentleman so, who wrote the the petitioner, and asked to be discharged from are briefly these: at the time this direct tax Senator from Maine so. That is the kind of its further consideration ; which was agreed to. was imposed, the State of West Virginia was information we have. As I said when I rose, Mr. MORRILL, from the Committee on the not in existence; nevertheless we admitted the I have nothing to say in regard to this propo- District of Columbia, to whom was referred a obligation of the tax to be laid upon our lands. sition, but simply to say, in justice to the Sec- bill (S. No. 296) to incorporate the America Commissioners were appointed to collect the retary of the Navy, that I think he had no more Fire and Marine Insurance Company of Wash- tax in the State of Virginia, and they have been authority to detail an engineer-he had not ington, District of Columbia, reported it with operating for some time. We have had no any engineer, in the first placeout amendment.
notice of any intention to collect that tax Mr. FESSENDEN. Then you do not agree He also, from the same committee, to whom within our limits, and as late as the 4th of with him on that point.
was referred a bill (S. No. 178) to incorporate | this month the commissioners appointed by Mr. GRIMES. He had not any engineer | the Metropolitan Mining and Manufacturing the State of Virginia have issued a notice refor any such purpose as this. There is an Company, reported it with an amendment.
quiring the people in a certain district of West engineer stationed in the Bureau of Yards and He also, from the same committee, to whom Virginia to pay their taxes at once. Several Docks, an engineer who superintends the con- was referred a bill (H. R. No. 558) to amend of the counties within that district are those struction of buildings, but no engineer who is the charter of the Washington Gas-Light Com- that have been most devastated by the war; capable, so far as I know, and judging from pany, reported it without amendment.
and the Legislature of West Virginia at its late what I know, I doubt whether he is capable Mr. WILLIAMS, from the Committee on session remitted and released the State tax for even to perform the duties he is assigned to Claims, to whom was referred the petition of four years on that very district. But, sir, we perform, no one capable of entering upon the Joseph W. J. Holmes, sr., praying for com- have a claim, as the Senate will remember, investigation of any such grave subject as is pensation for property destroyed in Columbia, || against the United States amounting to twice proposed by this resolution.
South Carolina, by the United States forces as much as our share of the direct tax, and in Mìr. FESSENDEN. I wish to say one word under General Sherman, submitted an adverse the bill which has already passed the Senate in reply to that. The Secretary of the Navy report thereon; which was ordered to be for the payment of that claim, it is provided A made no such point to me. He did not state printed.
that our share of the direct tax of the old State that he had no authority to do this, nor did he Mr. SPRAGUE, from the Committee on of Virginia is to be deducted from the amount even suggest it.
Military Affairs and the Militia, to whom was found due us. This collection is producing a Mr. CONNESS. As this resolution is now referred the petition of James S. Fish, and great deal of distress in those counties. As I before the Senate, I hope we shall get a vote others, of the home guard of Rockcastle and have already said, they are the counties in the upon it before the appropriation bill is taken up. Lincoln counties, in Kentucky, praying for State which are perhaps least able to bear it,
Mr. FESSENDEN. I would rather not compensation for services rendered during the Il although I presume the process will go on.