« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
prisoners shall not vote, but that he who starved || work, for the avenging hand cannot be stayed the evils that threaten our country, hoping that them shall? Dare you say that this Govern- from those who stil oppress. In such a con- an all-wise Providence may avert the pending ment shall punish its friends and reward its flict your own liberty is in jeopardy, and destruc- storm. enemies? Dare you contend that four million tion and devastation threaten your country. I have no disposition to find fault with the loyal citizeus shall be outlawed and trampled Men of the South, let by.gones be by-gones and committee on reconstruction. I realize the under foot and allowed to perish because our join in the glorious work of enfranchisement. difficulties which they have been called upon enemies are exasperated against them on ac
Let your afflicted country have repose from this to encounter. That they have acted a noble count of their friendship for us, and at the same fearful strife. Give the ballot to the black man part in their efforts to harmonize conflicting time ask enfranchisement for our enemies so and retain it for yourselves and your posterity. opinions no one has any just reason to doubt. that they may destroy our friends, menace our The ballot is a gracious boon and none the less I rejoice in the manner in which the report is liberty, and embarrass our finances? Dare you precious because enjoyed by the poor as well || presented and the liberal spirit manifested by deny liberty to the loyal and claim power and as the rich, the black as well as the white. It the committee toward those who are anxious freedom for the disloyal? In politics as in law, is the only guarantee of liberty. Is liberty less to aid in the perfection of their plan. I hope if you join issue on a false plea you will lose sweet when secured by all mankind? I appeal for good results when debate shall have teriniyour cause. It is false to say we are not in to the South in the name of the Father of the nated and final conclusions shall be presented favor of impartial suffrage; and if we make Revolution, in the name of justice and human- to a generous public. I cannot believe that if that issue we shall be defeated. But it is true ity, in the name of peace and union, and in Congress should finally reach the conclusion that all men are equally entitled to life, liberty, the sacred name of Christianity itself to grant that the late rebels must be supreme in their and the pursuit of happiness, and if our ene- the ballot and receive the cordial friendship | local State governments, that they will then mies dare join issue with us on these great and fellowship of the brave and generous peo- | adopt measures to exasperate those whom they principles we are sure of an overwhelming ver- ple of the loyal States. Let it be distinctly trust with the life, liberty, and happiness of dict from a loyal and liberty-loving people. understood that if the evils of confiscation, dis- | the black man. If the generosity of the South Suppose we declare that when the rights of man franchisement, and military despotism come is to be the only guarantee of a precarious are freely acknowledged and made secure, that | upon the South it will be because she refused | existence that is to be secured for the negro, we are in favor of amnesty and mercy for our to hear the truth from her friends, and refused | it is cruelty to him to enrage his master-for enemies; dare our opponents say they are for to aid them to give her peace, but trusted to her master he will be--with aggravating legislation. vengeance and blood? Suppose we say that enemies and those who would barter away her | If you leave him in the lion's mouth do not we are contending for justice, and when that liberties in the vain hope of obtaining power exasperate the lion, but appease him if possiis secure our enemies shall enjoy all the civil for themselves.
ble. If you have no means of security admit and political rights of American citizens; dare Sir, my mountain home and the bold pio- the South at once and extinguish the hope of our opponents say that they shall not enjoy neers with whom I have passed all the days of liberty in the breast of the negro, and let him those rights? Suppose we rise to the true my manhood, and whom I know well, call for | make the best terms he can for his hopeless grandeur of this great contest and declare that no more blood, no more desolation, no more life. we meau justice, humanity, liberty, and Union; widows and orphans, no more accumulation of The President's plan is by far the best, if dare our opponents say they mean wrong, op- debt, but they hope for peace, union, and liberty | Congressonly aggravates and enrages the South pression, secession, and slavery?
for all. My constituents love the country and but fails to eradicate the acknowledged evils. Let me appeal to the people of the South to the whole country. There is no State in the The President, according to Mr. Seward, is cease contending for wrong and injustice, and Union that is not the native land of many cit- willing to take votes as a basis of representalearn to do right and love mercy. Blessed izens of Nevada. Their home is in the far-off tion, which differs but little from, and I think are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy." mountains, but their affections cling to every is an improvement upon, the report of the Men of the South, put not your trust in modern village and hamletin America. We have lived committee in that regard. He also wishes Democracy. “Beware of false prophets which together upon the shores of the Pacific for near the confederate debt and claims for emancicome to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly || twenty years. The good and bad fortunes of pated slaves repudiated. If nothing better are ravening wolves.' Have you not heard a miner's life have been common to us all. We can be done, let Congress take any plan that enough of their vain-glorious boasts of power have learned to appreciate and respect men will end the conflict; but if we bave princito aid you? Did they not encourage you to from all sections, and our destinies are so in- ples, as we profess to have, it is our duty to rebel and promise you aid and comfort in your terwoven in our common pursuits and common affirm and vindicate them. It will be time struggle to overthrow the Government, and did interests that the continuance of this unnatural enough to say the States will not adopt a just they not desert you in the hour of your greatest conflict disturbs and mars the happiness of all plan when that experiment has been tried and trial? Were they not invisible in war as they our people. Nevada advocates everything for failed. If we are to be defeated, let us fall had been invincible in peace? Do you desire security, nothing for revenge; everything for with our face to the foe. I have no ambition to be betrayed into another conflict with the political safety, nothing for partisan power. to die in an irregular or guerrilla war. overwhelming forces of liberty and union? Her prosperity depends to a great extent upon motto is civilized warfare or a square surrender. Have not your efforts to destroy the Union and friendly and cordial relations among her citi- The country will not justify a distinction withtrample upon equal rights been sufficiently dis- The restoration of the South will bring out a difference. If there is no difference on astrous? Do you desire your homes to be again peace and happiness to Nevada, and I should I questions of principle there ought to be no furvisited by war, pestilence, and famine? Has not represent her if I were not zealous in that ther cross-purposes between Congress and the not the work of destruction satisfied you that work. I deny that blood, confiscations, dis- President. The world will brand us as facthere is a just God who takes vengeance on the || franchisement, and military despotism is any tionists and our efforts as a struggle for parti. oppressor and him who denies mercy to the
part of the platform of the Union party to san power, if we rely too much on expediency. poor and friendless? Think not that modern which I belong. If to be a radical means to I hope the Senate will pardon the frankness Democracy can shield you from the terrible thirst for human blood, love human misery, and with which I have attempted to express my retribution that awaits you if you longer deny hate mercy, then I am no radical. If to be a views. Let amnesty and suffrage be submitted, the inalienable rights of man. A just God has radical means to love the Union, the Constitu- and allow each State to act separately, and if declared oppression and wrong shall depart | tion, and the free Government of the fathers, the South adopt it, the North must; and if from the land, and the loyal millions who stand to do justice to all men and respect the rights i the North does, how can the South refuse? by the Union will execute His commands. For of all, then I am a radical. I know not what It is safe to say she will not jeopardize her peace a time the arts of demagogues and the cohesive others may do, but as for me I shall labor hon- and security in any such way. Let the plan power of public plunder may seem triumphant, estly and zealously to secure the adoption of embody civil rights, impartial suffrage, and yet they do but seem. The same grand senti- any plan which offers any hope of peace and repudiation of both rebel debt and claims for ment that rallied the loyal North to strike for
union on the principles of justice and human- emancipated slaves on the one hand, and uni. liberty and union will still inspire the heart | ity. I shall not despair until a plan looking versal amnesty and restoration of rebels to civil and nerve the arm to finish the work so glori
to revenge and partisan rule shall have been and political rights on the other hand, and the ously begun. The little spring from which first || adopted; a plan based on the worst passions | country will finish the work. And when it is gushed the waters of liberty has become a of our nature shall have been sanctioned by done it will be well done. mighty torrent, sweeping slavery and oppres- this Congress, and then I shall lose all hope The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. Wil. sion to destruction. Modern Democracy is but of any good results from our deliberations. 'I Liams in the chair.). The question is on the the flood-wood that maddens the rushing waters appeal to Senators to consider this momentous amendment to the joint resolution proposed but cannot stay the flood. Regard not this issue in the light of reason and Christianity, to by the Senator from Ohio, (Mr. WADE.] Is floating trash but heed the loyal fountains from be charitable for the sins of our common the Senate ready for the question? whence the torrent flows. Attempt no further || humanity, to deal justly, and love mercy. Mr. HOWARD. I suggest that the discus. obstruction of its course, but let it do its work I shall first offer my resolutions for amnesty sion be postponed until to-morrow, and I make and wash the crime of slavery from a land and suffrage as a substitute. If I fail in that, that motion, that the further consideration of sacred to freedom.. Attempt not impossi- I shall ask that they may be submitted as an this subject be postponed until to-morrow at bilities.
alternative proposition, and if I am still unsuc- one o'clock. The chains of bondage are broken, the || cessful, I will vote for the plan of the majority Mr. JOHNSON. Is it in order to move to shackles have fallen from the limbs of the slave, so long as it is a better plan than that of the || strike out the third section as it stands now and no earthly power can rob him of enfran- President. But when Congress shall have com. without offering a substitute for it? chisement and liberty, the birthright of an mitted itself to a platform
which means either The PRESIDING OFFICER. Such a moAmerican citizen. Engage not in this wicked
disunion or despotism, I shall await in despair Il tion would be in order.
Mr. JOHNSON. I make that motion. ing Office, in strict accordance with the terms be grouped together. It is obvious that the plan of Mr. GRIMES. The question will stand, of the joint resolution of May 19, 1864, and in
publication adopted by tho Adjutant General, if car.
ried out, would seriously detract from the value of then, on that motion?
order to save unnecessary expense, to consoli- the volumes as a convenient means of reference, inMr. JOHNSON: Yes, sir. date and eliminate therefrom, under the super
asmuch as the orders, dispatches, letters, &c., of the
War Departmentand cominanding officers often form Mr. HOWARD. I hope the vote will be vision of the Superintendent of Public Print
the key to an intelligent understanding of the opertaken on the motion to postpone the further | ing, such superfluous marter as will not affect ations to which they relate.. consideration of the joint resolution until to- the completeness and historical value of the Again, the resolution requires that an index be premorrow at one o'clock. whole; and he is to make regular reports of
pared to each volume. The Adjutant General pro
poses to preparo a general one after the publication The motion was agreed to.
the progress of the work to accompany the of the whole series. The effect of this deviation from Mr. SHERMAN. I have prepared a con
report of the Public Printer to Congress; and the prescribed plan would be to render referenec to stitutional amendment, or rather an amendthe printing thereof is not to be commenced
the several volumes during the progress of publica
tion a source of annoyance and perplexity. In the ment to the proposition of the committee of until a complete revision and arrangement of opinion of the committee a special index should fifteen, which more nearly meets my own idea the manuscripts shall have been made.
accompany cach volume, and a gencral one the series. than any proposition that has been made, and
Mr. WILSON. There is a report accom
In order to insure the publication of the official
military history of the rebellion in proper form, and at the suggestion of others I submit it and ask panying the resolution from the Committee on at the least expense, the committee have deemed it
best to recommend that the Secretary of War be anthat it be printed. I do not say that I shall | Military Affairs, which states the facts of the offer it, because I desire to vote for that propcase perhaps with more brevitý than I can state
thorized to procure the services of some competent
person of ability and literary experience fatniliar osition which will combine the greatest strength,
them now, and I should like to have that report with such work, whose duty it shall be to prepare the
read. but as this expresses more nearly my own in
matter furnished by the War Department in the
stated manner for the printer, and to supervise the dividual idea than any other, I will ask that it The Secretary read the following report, sub- printing of it. And for this purpose they recommend be printed. mitted by Mr. Wilson on the 18th instant: the passage of the accompanying resolution. They
are contident that the small outlay of public money Mr. GRIMES. Let it be read. The Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia,
it authorizes will be a very economical investment The Secretary read the proposed amendto whom was referred Senate resolution No. 86, to
and result in a large saving to the Treasury. provide for the publication of the official history of ment, as follows: the rebellion, having had the same under consid
Mr. WILSON. I will briefly say that a res. Strike out sections two and three, and insert as cration, respectfully report:
olution was passed two years ago providing for follows:
That they recommend the passage of the joint reso
the publication of these official papers. It is Representation shall be apportioned among the lution without amendment. During the first session several States which may be included within this of the Thirty-Eighth Congress a joint resolution was a great undertaking, and will cost several Union according to the number in cach State of passed, and approved by thelate President, providing hundred thousand dollars. For the credit of male citizens of the United States over twenty-one for the publication at the public expense of the "reyears of age qualified by the laws of such State to ports of commanding officers, all correspondence by
the country, the work should be very carefully choose members of the most numerous branch of its telegraph or otherwise, and documents of every de- prepared. Besides that, if it is properly preLegislature, and including such eitizens as are dis- scription, in relation to the existing rebellion, to be pared, it will not cost more than two thirds as qualified for participating in rebellion. found in the archives of the War Department since
much as it will if it is printed on the plan proDirect taxes shall be apportioned among the sev, the 1st day of December, 1860." The object of the eral States according to the value of the real and resolution was to perpetuate the proud record made vided by the present law. If the work is to be personal taxable property situated in each State not by the armies of the Republic in their efforts for the of real historical value, if it is to be any credit belonging to the State or to the United States.
maintenance of the Union, and to furnish a means
to the country, it should be well edited. It will The proposed amendment was ordered to be
by the compilation and publication in a compact, make somewhere from thirty to fifty large volprinted convenient, and permanent form of what may be
umes. The present plan is very defective in. BOUNTY TO INDIAN REGIMENTS.
termed the oflicial military history of the rebellion.
deed. In the first place, the documents and Mr. WILSON. I move to take up the joint still in progress at the time of the passage of the res- papers themselves are defective, with names resolution (S. R. No..87) to provide for the
olution, the War Department, owing to tho pressure misspelled, and are not well arranged. All
of public business and the unavoidable incompletepayment of bounty to certain Indian regiments.
this should be corrected. If we are to publish ness of the official records during the continuance of The motion was agreed to; and the joint res- active operations in the field, was not able to carry
this work at all, it should be carefully prepared olution was read the second time, and consid
out its provisions immediately. Since the return of before it is put to press.
peace, however, the work of compilation has been ered as in Committee of the Whole. It re
Mr. FESSENDEN. Do you mean to pubcommenced and pushed forward as expeditiously as quires the Secretary of War to cause to be circumstances would allow.
lish all the reports ? paid to the enlisted men of the first, second,
Under the broad terms of the resolution all that the Mr. WILSON. Yes, sir; all the reports.
War Department is required and authorized to do is and third Indian regiments the bounty of $100,
Then there are several hundred maps that to furnish verbatim and literatim copies, arranged in under the same regulations and restrictions as chronological order, of every report, dispatch, letter, aceompanied these reports. It will not be now determine the payment of bounty to other and other documentary paper relating to the rebel
necessary to publish all those maps in order to lion on file in its various bureaus, for publication to volunteers in the service of the United States. the Public Printer. Although no exact estimate of
illustrate the work, because many of them are The joint resolution was reported to the the quantity of matter which the latter is called upon almost duplicates of others. You want a revisSenate without amendment, ordered to be
to print at the publicexpense under the law as it now ing mind over the whole. Whoever is to do this
stands can be made, it is evident from what is already engrossed for a third reading, read the third in his hands that it is so vast, and in part of such
work should have some help, and I suppose time, and passed.
doubtful value, as to call, on economical and other the Department may detail clerks under him grounds, for amendatory legislation.
to do that kind of work. The work has to be OFFICIAL HISTORY OF THE REBELLION.
It is believed safe to assume that, with the comMr. WILSON. I now move to take up the prehensive scope of the resolution, it will require a
done now in the Department. large number of volumes to comprise all the matter Then there is another thing about it, and I joint resolution (S. R. No. 86) to provide for the compiled and to be compiled by the War Depart- am rather surprised at it. It would seem rea
ment, which will make the total expense of the publication of the official history of the rebelwhole series, inclusive of the engraving of the maps
sonable that whatever concerned one portion of lion.
accompanying the reports, amount to several hun- the country or one army-General Sherman's The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, dred thousand dollars. Upon due investigation the army, for instance, in its movements and as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to
committee have come to the conclusion that a large
marches, all the public papers and telegraphie consider the joint resolution. In order to in
the object of the resolution. There is much matter. dispatches and reports in regard to it-should sure the publication in proper form, and at the especially among the reports, that can be properly least possible expense, of the reports and orleft out without doing injustice to anyone or impair
all go together because they illustrate each ing the completeness of the publication. Ofthe many
other; and so with the army of the Potomac; ders of commanding oflicers, and of all corre- hundreds of maps of different size and merit, the and so with all the other great military movespondence by telegraph or otherwise, and of engraving of all of which would require a vast out- ments. Under the old resolution, the teleall other documents of every description relat
lay, a great number could be entirely omitted or
graphîc dispatches and the reports are to be ing to the late rebellion, accumulated in the tion tens if not hundreds of thousands of dollars published separately, so that in order to underarchives of the War Department since the 1st could be saved.
stand them one has to read all these works. of December, 1860, as authorized by the joint
Nor is this the only featuro of the proposed work resolution entitled “A resolution to provide susceptible of improvement in the opinion of the
Then there is to be no index to the volumes committee. The form as well as the substance of the until they are completed, and then a general for the printing of official reports of the opera
matter to be printed needs a thorough revision. index for the whole. Every volume should tions of the armies of the United States," ap.
Owing to the fault partly of the authors and partly
be indexed, and the subjects should be divided proved May 19, 1864, this joint resolution dition to be incorporated in an authoritative publi- into their proper departments, so that any perauthorizes the Secretary of War to appoint a cation that is to form an authentio record of the deeds of the loyal armies, and find its way as such
son wishing to learn about any of the movecompetent person to supervise the publication into every library at home and abroad, and mold
ments of any of the armies under any of the at the Public Printing Office, who is to receive the judgment of history. Bad grammar, inisspell- || generals would have it at his finger ends, all a compensation for his services not to exceed ing of geographical names, and of names of distin$2,500 per annum, to be paid monthly by the guished officers, and other shortcomings, should be
perfect, with the telegraphic dispatches, reeradicated from the manuscript before it passes into
ports, and maps, and an index for the whole. Secretary of the Treasury, but this compensa- the hands of the printer.
Now, sir, this is a simple proposition that tion is not to be paid for a longer period than
It has also been found that the method of compilatwo years from and after the passage of the tion followed under the orders of the Adjutant Gen
some person shall be employed by the Secretary eral is not in accordance with the terms of the
of War, at an annual salary of $2,500, for two resolution.
resolution. It directs that the reports and all corIt is to be the duty of the person so appointed,
years, to supervise and arrange this work. I respondence, by telegraph or otherwise, be arranged believe it will save one third of the expense with the advice of the Superintendent of Pub
and published in "chronological order." The Adju-
that would otherwise be incurred under the lic Printing, to prepare in a proper manner for
Printing Office, reports of commanding officers, which present plan. If it is carried on under the publication the manuscript of the documentary he desires to be printed in a succession of volumes, plan already ordered, the work will cost froun history of the rebellion, sent and to be sent
to be followed by another containing the correspond from the War Department to the Public Printence. As required by the resolution, the reports and
$500,000 to $750,000. I believe that the excorrespondence pertaining to the same subject should penditure of his $5,000 will not only make
this work such a one as we ought to have, if it nothing will be published that is not a part of has been expended, though but a trifle in comis put in the care of a competent man, but it these reports.
parison to what this must cost. I think it would will save $150,000 or $200,000. I have not a Mr. JOUNSON. I suppose, whether these be better to reconsider the whole matter, to doubt of that.
words are stricken out or not, that all the re- repeal the resolution of 1864, which is imperMr. FESSENDEN. Would it not save more ports and all the correspondence made by the fect in itself, covers too much ground, leads to not to publish any of these things?
confederate army would be included. They | mistakes, and leads to no valuable results, and Mr. WILSON.The Senator from Maine are all in the War Office now. So far from its if then it is determined by Congress to publish asks if it would not save more not to publish costing half a million dollars, I think it will these papers, to proceed as other people pro. any. That is very true; but my judgment is cost some two or three millions before we are ceed who want to make papers valuable, to that these reports and papers ought to be pub- done with it. The honorable member's esti- have them edited by competent persons and lished, and published at the earliest possible | mate, which he says he has made after as cor- arranged so that the work may be something day. They are of great historical importance. rect information as he could get, is not alto- worth giving to the public. In that way you They should be properly edited and go into | gether as accurate, perhaps, as ought to be will accomplish two objects: in the first place our libraries and before the country for the || relied on. He says it will take from thirty to you will cull out from the great mass what is information and instruction of our own people, || fifty volumes, leaving a margin of some twenty || good for something, and you will have that in and as a historical work. We have already || volumes. That is not much of an estimate. a readable shape, and you will save a vast deal ordered them to be published. Congress has Mr. WILSON. I will say to the Senator of money. But evidently to pass this resolupassed a resolution providing for their publi- | that it is simply an estimate. It is all that can
tion now on the statement of expense that my cation; and a large amount of them are in the be made. In the first place it is a guess, after honorable friend from Massachusetts gives, is, printing office now. The Superintendent of such information as we could get. In regard to my mind, absurd. A margin of from thirty Public Printing has been holding back for to the number of volumes, some persons who to fifty volumes is a very large one even for a some weeks in order to see if anything is to be have looked into the subject very carefully think guess. It shows manifestly that for anything done here on this subject. If not, he will the work will make fifty volumes; at any rate, my friend knows it may.be a hundred. commence the publication, imperfect as it is, all think it will make from thirty to fifty. Some Mr. WILSON. No. and I believe nearly every page will have a of these reports are not yet in. There are a Mr. FESSENDEN. Well, you cannot state detect upon it unless we put it under the eye number to come in that are yet in the course the number. I have heard these papers deof a competent man. I hope, therefore, if we of preparation.
scribed as being there by the cart load, and are to have this work published at all, that the Mr. JOHNSON. What is the resolution of you cannot tell what number of volumes they Senate will see to it that it is properly edited, 1864?
will make. Clearly, if you get a publication and that it is a work worthy of the country. Mr. WILSON. That resolution provides for of fifty volumes of the events of this war and Mr. GRIMES. I move to strike out in the the publication of these papers.
the papers connected with it, without having sixth and seventh lines of the first section the Mr. JOHNSON. Everything?
the work edited, without having the subjects words, and of all other documents of every Mr. WILSON. Yes, sir; everything per
selected, without having the papers arranged, description relating to the late rebellion.", taining to these reports.
without having them properly indexed, nobody This proposition is a very comprehensive one. Mr. JOHNSON. I think we had better would give anything for the fifty volumes in his As the resolution now reads, it says:
library, because he could not find what he That in order to insure the publication in proper
Nr. WILSON. This resolution provides for wanted in them. He might just as well go to form, and at the least possible expense, of the re- having them ploperly arranged. I think if the the War Office and hunt over the ports and orders of commanding officers, and of all correspondence by telegraph or otherwise, and of all
amendment proposed by the Senator from Iowa to ascertain what there was that was good for other documents of every description relating to the is adopted, it makes it very simple, and if we something to be used. late rebellion, accumulated in the archives of the War shall want to publish more hereafter, it can be Instead of passing this resolution in any Department, &c. done.
shape, my judgment would be that we had betThat includes the muster-rolls and all sorts Mr. FESSENDEN. I did not know really, ter stop where we are, and repeal the resoluof communications of every kind and descrip- until I heard this resolution called up to-day, tion that was passed at the former Congress; tion. Certainly the Senator does not propose that a resolution had been passed for the pub- and if you then decide to begin, begin a great to have published everything in relation to lication of these reports. I believe it is the work, (because it will be a great work,) as deserters, applications to have a man pardoned first time in the history of any country-I do experience has proved the only proper method; for desertion, court-martial proceedings, &c. not know that that is any objection to it- let it be undertaken by competent persons as a Mr. POMEROY. What is the force of the
where the Government has undertaken to pub- | work of time and not of hurry; and give to the word "otherwise," there? That includes all lish immediately everything, connected with a people of this country at the end something the rest. You ought to strike out the word | long war. My idea is that the time has hardly that will be worth having, and will in a measure otherwise."
arrived yet to make such a publication, and pay for the immense sumn that we must expend Mr. GRIMES. No, sir. The language is, that if we were to publish these papers at all, in accomplishing it. In the present state of "all correspondence by telegraph or other- we ought to proceed in a very different mode our finances I should rather hope the whole wise.” That, I suppose, was intended to relate from that which is suggested. In the first || thing might be deferred to a better opportuto the correspondence between officers in com- place, there ought to be competent persons to nity ; but of that the Senate will judge. But mand of departments and divisions, and so on, make a selection from this mass of papers of if we are to undertake it, let'us do it like senand the War Department; but the words in what is to be published. Everybody can see sible business people, and not push all this the sixth and seventh lines that I have pro- that under this general publication order, with matter in a mass into the printer's hands to posed to strike out would include every con- nobody, in fact, to control it, it will go to an be published at vast expense, and to be good ceivable thing, it seems to me.
interminable length, and that we shall be pub- for nothing after we have got it. Mr. JOHNSON. I think this proposition lishing a vast amount of material that is not Mr. WILSON. I agree with the Senator .ought to go to the Committee on Printing. of the slightest use in the world. An under
from Maine entirely; and the object of the The honorable member from Massachusetts taking of this sort ought to be deliberate, and committee in reporting this resolution is to seems to suppose that it will only cost some ought to be carefully provided for, in my have the thing properly done, if done at all. fonr or five hundred thousand dollars, but in judgment, if you undertake it at all. My || On the 19th of May, 1864, the Senate passed a all human probability it will cost one or two notion is, generally, that it would be as well to resolution " to provide for the printing of ofmillions. It will cost a great deal more than leave the whole of them to be looked over by ficial reports of operations of the Army of the that if these words are not strick out. I
historians who will write the history of these United States.'' I will read this resolution, suggest to my friend from Massachusetts
events, and put in what it is necessary and so that Senators may understand precisely what whether we had not better ascertain in some advisable that the world should know. But the law now is: way what would be the probable cost of a work if you want everything published for everyof this description.
"That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, body to look at and search out what may be directed to furnish the Superintendent of Public Mr. WILSON. I will say to the Senator good and what may be useless, the better way Printing with copies of all such correspondence, by that on the best information I can gather it is to proceed deliberately about it; have some
telegraph or otherwise, reports of commanding offi
cers, and documents of every description in relation will take from thirty to fifty volumes to com- competent persons appointed to make the
to the existing rebellion, to be found in the archives plete this work.
selection; to edit the papers, in point of fact; of his Department since the 1st day of December, Mr. GRIMES. How large volumes? to select that which ought to be published or
1860, to the present time, and during the continuanco
of said rebellion, which may be, in his opinion, proper Mr. WILSON. Good-sized, large volumes. is worthy of publication ; to arrange it under to be published with said correspondence, reports, Different estimates as to the number of vol- | its proper heads, with reference to specific and documents, which shall be published in their umes are made by those who have made some campaigns and specific movements, and put
proper chronological order.
"SEC. 2. And be it further resolved, That the Superexamination into the subject; and it will cost everything that belongs to one subject to- intendent of Public Printing sball cause to be printed of course to publish any number of them sev- gether; and that is a work of time and labor, and bound (in addition to the usual number) ten eral thousand dollars à volume. If we allow and ought to precede any attempt to print the
thousand copies of such correspondence, reports, and
documents, in volumes of pot exceeding (as near as the work to go on and be completed according papers.
may be) eight hundred octavo pages each, which shall to the existing law, it will cost from five hun- Now, as far as we have gone it is perfectly be distributed by the Secretary of the Senate as foldred thousand to seven hundred and fifty thou- manifest that the whole labor has been thrown
lows, to wit, five hundred copies to the War Depart
ment, ono completo copy to each State library of sand dollars. This proposition will reduce it away and is worse than useless, because full every State in the Union, and five complete copies to down at least one third in expense and make of mistakes; and mistakes will be just as likely public libraries in each congressional district of the a perfect work of it. I am willing, however, to follow under the resolution now proposed,
United States, to be designated by the Representa
tive of the present Congress from such district; and to strike out these words, or modify it so that though not to the same extent. Some money of tho remaining copies throc thousand shall be for
the use of members of the present Şenate, and six are to report a proposition arresting the publi- || but then I should despair of getting through thousand for the use of members of the prosent House
cation and authorizing the Secretary of War to with the work. of Representatives.
* Sec. 3. And be it further resolved, That it shall appoint a proper man to prepare the work, and Mr. FESSENDEN. I would agree to serve also be the duty of the Secretary of War to causo a let a report be made at the next session of what as your clerk. complete index of the matter contained in each volthey desire and about what it will cost.
Mr. SUMNER. Then the work would surely ume to be prepared and inserted therein. “Sec. 4. And be it further resolved, That all reso
Mr. SUMNER. We have already in our be done. [Laughter.] All this brings us to lutions adopted by either House of Congress, at its history had some experience by which we may the conclusion that what we do should be well present session, directing the printing of any of the
be taught on this question. Senators have seen considered and laid out in advance. I think, correspondence, reports, or documents, as above contemplated, be, and the same are hereby, re- in their libraries, certainly in the Congressional therefore, it is important that the resolution scinded.”
Library, the large volumes known as the Amer- should be recommitted, that we should have This resolution rescinded all the orders made ican Archives, of which there are portions of the benefit of all the information we can get for publishing documents, and made this gen- several series. When that series was com- from the Department on the subject, and, if eral provision.
menced it was intended that it should embody | possible, provide in advance the method and MF. FESSENDEN. I wish to make one
all the papers, military and diplomatic, and also the arrangement and the way in which the col. other suggestion. I understand that we are leading articles in newspapers, relating to the lection should be indexed. As much should in possession of a large mass of the confederate origin of our Revolution and the war of inde- be done in advance as possible. Now, sir, we reports.
pendence. The collection proceeded to the may get some instruction on this subject from Mr. WILSON. They were not here when year 1776, under the editorship of Peter Force, what they are doing in other nations. At this we passed the resolution of 1864.
of this city, a gentleman as competent, I sup- moment the Emperor of France is engaged in Mr. FESSENDEN.. If these papers are to pose, as any person who could have been se- the publication of all the writings of his uncle, be published they ought to be arranged by sub- lected in the whole country, but it was subject || the Emperor Napoleon. That work has already jects; and all that we have of the confederate to the final revision of the Secretary of State. proceeded to fourteen or fifteen quarto voldocuments on the same subjects ought to be Finally, when Mr. Force had prepared a vol- umes, very elaborately edited, the purpose being printed in juxtaposition, so that the whole ume for 1777, and all his papers were collected to bring into the collection every scrap, milisubject matter might be seen.
and laid before the Secretary of State, at that tary, diplomatic, or personal, which can be Mr. WILSON. That is what we want to do. time Mr. Marcy, the latter gentleman refused found proceeding from the late Emperor of
Mr. ANTHONY. I think that the docu- to give his assent to the further publication of France, the first Napoleon. That is done under ments in the archives of the War Department the volume, and you have that collection, origi- || special editorship. Some of the very first men are not yet in a condition to be published. I nally ordered by a joint resolution of Congress, || in France are engaged as a committee in superthink it is much better that the work should suspended at the year 1776, and primarily be- || intending it. Now, if we shall undertake our be prepared, or at least that very considerable cause Mr. Marcy did not feel willing as Secre- work, I think we ought certainly to do as well progress should be made in it before the pub. tary of State to give his final assent, as required || by it as the Emperor of France does by the fication is commenced, because otherwise we by the resolution, to its publication. That is work of his uncle. may repeat the same experiment that has just our experience with regard to one very impor- Mr. HENDERSON. Having looked at the been made. This resolution provides for some tant portion of our history, the war of inde legislation on this s'ıbject, I desire to ask a competent person at a salary of $2,500 a year pendence; the documents are not yet published question. I find that after the passage of the to undertake it. It would be the life-time in one connected series; I do not know that joint resolution referred to by the Senator from of a man to do that work; it would take twenty they ever will be. And now, sir, it is proposed Massachusetts an act was passed in June, 1864, men to perform that work as it ought to be to publish another series, which will be perhaps the second section of which provided that performed, and I think it ought to be per- more expensive even than that of the war of the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, formed. I think that there should be a history independence. The series of the war of inde- | authorized to appoint some competent person of the war prepared from the documents in the pendence, as you will observe, embraced news. to edit the printing of the official reports of possession of the War Department and from paper articles in America and England illus- the operations of the armies of the United the rebel archives; and I would suggest that trating the contest, and that of course gave to
Now, I understand that this is fur. this resolution be recommitted to the Commit- | it a much larger size and development than the ther legislation on the same subject. I rose to tee on Military Affairs, and that they report a series now proposed.
ask whether the Secretary of War had gone to plan for the prosecution of the work; and when But, as I have said, it is now proposed to begin any expense in securing the services of any the persons intrusted with this work shall report another series. I would simply suggest that person to superintend this publication. I find, that they have made sufficient progress it will we may well consider whether it might not be | also, in the Army appropriation bill for 1864be time enough to commence the publication. || advisable for us to complete the original series, || 65, passed June 15, 1864, an appropriation
Mr. FESSENDEN. In the mean time we and to illustrate the war of independence be- " for copying official reports of armies of the ought to suspend the resolution already passed. fore we enter upon the work of illustrating this United States for publication, $5,000." I pre
Mr. ANTHONY. Yes, sir. If this resolu- recent more terrible conflict. But, sir, suppose sume that was in furtherance, also, of this tion be recommitted to the Committee on Mil- we do undertake the latter work, then I think same resolution, passed in May, 1864. itary Affairs they can report a plan for the all the suggestions that have been made, par
Mr. JOHNSON. Has the Senator that preparation of the work, which should precede ticularly by the Senator from Maine, suggesting resolution before him? for some time the commencement of the pub- caution, requiring care and editorship, of infi. Mr. HENDERSON. Yes, sir. lication; and in that resolution we can provide nite importance. I agree with that Senator Mr. JOHNSON. Will the Senator be kind for the suspension of the work now going on. absolutely when he says the whole collection enough to read the second section? I fancy there is nothing doing on it now; but I will be of very little value, it will be trivial, if Mr. HENDERSON. The Senator from do not know. This matter does not belong to it is not well edited, well arranged, and then Maryland asks me to read the second section the Committee on Printing, and I do not wish well indexed.
of the resolution of May, 1864. It is in these to interfere with it.
Mr. FESSENDEN. And the larger it is words: Mr. WILSON. I certainly have no objec- the worse it will be.
"SEC. 2. And be it further resolved, That the Supertion to that suggestion; but the object of the Mr. SUMNER. Of course, the larger it is intendent of Public Printing shall cause to be printed committee was to do precisely what the Senator the worse it will be. Then Senators say that
and bound, in addition to the usual number, ten
thousand copies of such correspondence, reports, and from Maine and the Senator from Rhode Island, we must find a competent man. Who is the documents, in volumes of not exceeding (as near as and I suppose the Senator from Iowa, desire competent man? I do not know him now. may be) eight hundred octavo pages each, which shall that is, if this matter is to be published at all, dare say he would come to light, perhaps, if we
be distributed by the Secretary of the Senate as fol
lows, to wit, fivo hundred copies to the War Departthat it shall be well arranged and made a per- went about with a candle after him ; but the ment, one complete copy to each State library of fect work. We cannot tell, I assure the Senate
every State in the Union, and five complete copies to we have not the means to tell, and I do not
of documents and to put them in order, and boiled listadele ton be designated by the Representa believe any committee of the Senate can pos. then to make a proper and analytical index, tive of the present Congress from such district; and sibly tell precisely how this should be done, would be a very rare man.
He must be a man
of the remaining copies three thousand shall be for
the use of members of the present Senate, and six but we wanted to put it in the hands of a com- without any of the turbulent ambition that
thousand for the use of members of the present House petent man to make out a plan and see that the belongs to politicians; he must be disposed to of Representatives." work is done according to a good plan. I have quiet, willing to live at home with his books Mr. JOHNSON. I should like to know if no objection certainly to arresting the publica. and his papers, and give himself day and night | the yeas and nays were called upon that. tion of the present work, to repealing the pres- to serious toil. That is the character of man Mr. HENDERSON. I think the best disent law, and letting the Secretary of War that you would require. I do not know where position, perhaps, that can be made of the appoint a proper man or a number of men if he could be found.
resolution now pending is not to amend it, as necessary and let them report a plan at the Mr. JOHNSON. You might find him in suggested by the Senator from Iowa, but to next session of Congress and how much it will Boston.
make it a simple provision repealing what has probably cost and give us all the facts of the Mr. SUMNER. In Boston if anywhere, per- hitherto been provided for.
If that is thought best, I have no objec- haps. (Laughter.] But then I do not know Mr. GRIMES. It is proposed to recommit tion to the recommitment; but the object we him there, I am free to say.
it with that view. had in view was to prevent the publication of Mr. FESSENDEN. Resign, and take charge Mr. HENDERSON. I have no objection this vast mass of documents without any ar. of it yourself. [Laughter.]
to that course. I was about to remark that the rangement, imperfect as they are sent to the Mr. SUMNER. My friend says I should mere orders of the department commanders printing office. I have no objection to a re- resign and accept it. I do not know but that at the city of St. Louis have been recently commitment, with the understanding that we that is the best thing I could do, [laughter,] || published by Mr. O'Fallon, who was an assist
ant adjutant general at St. Louis during the ator from Kansas wants to call up a bill that donating lands for said college, and the same whole time. He has done it as a private mat- I think ought to be disposed of.
was referred to the Committee on Public ter of his own, and his work is a very valuable Mr. RAMSEY. I insist upon my motion. Lands. one. Those orders of the department com- The motion was agreed to; and after some
AGRICULTURAL BUREAU. manders at St. Louis alone, leaving out the time spent in executive session the doors were
Mr. BIDWELL, by'unanimous consent, reports, make some four or five large volumes. | reopened, and the Senate adjourned. Mr. ANTHONY. It would take five hun.
made an adverse report upon a resolution in dred volumes for the publication, according to
regard to the expediency of removing the De
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. the original resolution.
partment of Agriculture to one of the westMr. HENDERSON. This book, as I say,
Thursday, May 24, 1866.
ern States; which was laid on the table, and makes four or five volumes, although it con- The House met at twelve o'clock m.
ordered to be printed. tains none of the reports of the commanders The Journal of yesterday was read and PLANTS DONATED BY FREDERICK PECU. to the War Department, but simply the orders || approved.
Mr. BIDWELL, by unanimous consent, re. issued by the commanders. The whole work,
PREVENTION OF CUOLERA.
ported back from the Committee on Agricul. under the resolution as it now stands, would
Mr. ELIOT. I ask the unanimous consent ture Senate joint resolution No. 74, providing certainly be not less than four or five hun.
of the House to report from the Committee on for the acceptance of the collection of plants dred volumes. We ought not to proceed with
Commerce a joint resolution (H. R. No. 116) | tendered by Frederick Pech, with a recommensuch a work. As it now stands, it would to prevent the introduction of the cholera into
dation that the same do pass. include every telegraphic dispatch that came over the wires, and all correspondence, not
the ports of the United States, with the amend- The joint resolution provides for the accept
ments of the Senate thereto; and I ask the ance of the plants, and appropriates $300 to only the reports of the commanders, but the concurrence of the House in the amendments.
enable the Commissioner of Agriculture to proreport of every subordinate commander to his superior. Most of the members of Congress | received, and the amendments of the Senate
No objection was made, and the report was
cure suitable cases for their protection.
The joint resolution was read the third time to whom it is provided that the book shall be were concurred in.
and passed. delivered after it has been published will cer
Mr. ELIOT moved to reconsider the vote Mr. BIDWELL moved to reconsider the vote tainly be dead before the publication is com
by which the amendments were concurred in ; || by which the joint resolution was passed; and pleted. Mr. WILSON. The work is to be a much and also moved to lay the motion to recon
also moved that the motion to reconsider be larger work, of course, than was supposed at sider upon the table.
laid on the table. The latter motion was agreed to.
The latter motion was agreed to. the time it was ordered. It was ordered two years ago, and it is much larger than was sup
JOIN MOORE, DECEASED. posed at the time. The law to which the Sen- Mr. WELKER, by unanimous consent, re- Mr. MYERS asked and obtained leave to ator has referred authorizes the Secretary of ported back, from the Committee for the Dis- withdraw from the files of the House the petiWar to appoint a proper person, but no person trict of Columbia, bill of the Senate No. 167, tion and papers in the case of the representahas been appointed. It has been prepared in to incorporate the Women's Hospital Associ- tives of John Moore, deceased. the office. ation of the District of Columbia, with several
FREEDMEN'S BUREAU. Mr. JOHNSON. Was not Dr. Lieber ap- amendments. pointed ?
The amendments were agreed to. The bill
Mr. GARFIELD demanded the regular Mr. WILSON. No; he was appointed to was then ordered to a third reading, and it was
order of business. take care of the rebel archives and examine accordingly read the third time and passed.
The SPEAKER stated the morning hour those.
Mr. WELKER moved to reconsider the
had commenced, and the House resumed the Mr. GRIMES. Under what law?
vote by which the bill was passed ; and also consideration of House bill No. 613, to continue Mr. JOHNSON. I thought under this law. moved that the motion to reconsider be laid
in force and amend an act entitled "An act to Mr. WILSON. I understand Dr. Lieber upon the table.
establish a Bureau for the Relief of Freedmen has care of the papers that were captured at The latter motion was agreed to.
and Refugees,” and for other purposes. Richmond and in the confederate States, and The title of the bill was then amended so as The pending question was upon the motion that there are a large amount of them. I do not to read, "An act to incorporate the Columbia
of Mr. Eliot to recommit the bill. know under what law it is, but he is appointed | Hospital for Women and Lying in Asylum. Mr. ELIOT. Mr. Speaker, I had substanand is arranging those papers. The second
tially concluded yesterday the remarks which section of this resolution is intended to modify
I proposed to make to the House in presenting the original act so that a great deal of the mat
Mr. TAYLOR, by unanimous consent, re- this bill for their consideration. And unless ter may be eliminated and left out. I think, || ported from the Committee on Invalid Pen
some gentleman upon this or the other side of however, the best disposition we can now make
sions a bill for the relief of Lucinda Gates; the House desires to say something in regard of the subject is to recommit it, according to which was read a first and second time.
to it, I will call the previous question. the sense of the Senate, and have the matter
The bill was read at length. It directs the Mr. STEVENS. I ask the gentleman from acted on more fully.
Secretary of the Interior to place the name of Massachusetts (Mr. Eliot) to withdraw his 'The PRESIDING OFFICER. Does the
Lucinda Gates, widow of the late Horace call for the previous question that I may offer Senator make a motion to recommit?
Gates, of Franklin, Vermont, on the pension- an amendment. Mr. WILSON. Yes, sir.
roll, at the same rate of pension during her Mr. ELIOT. I will hear the amendment The motion was agreed to.
widowhood, from the death of her husband, as read.
was allowed her by special act approved July Mr. STEVENS. I desire to offer an amendHOUSE BILLS REFERRED. 4, 1864.
ment to the sixth section of this bill, which The following bills from the House of Rep- The bill was ordered to be engrossed and
provides that upon the expulsion of these freedresentatives were severally read twice by their read a third time; and being engrossed, it was men from the Sea Islands the Government shall titles, and referred as indicated below: accordingly read the third time and passed.
purchase lands for them at a rate not to exceed A bill (H. R. No. 466) erecting the Territory
Mr. TAYLOR moved to reconsider the vote
twenty-five dollars an acre. Now, that is more of Montana into a surveying district, and for || by which the bill was passed ; and also moved than I think the Government can well afford to other purposes-to the Committee on Public that the motion to reconsider be laid on the
do down there, when we own the lands there, Lands. table.
forfeited under the act of 1862. This land has A bill (H. R. No. 616) for the relief of
The latter motion was agreed to.
already been taken possession of, and I deny Lucinda Gates—to the Committee on Pensions.
MONTANA A SURVEYING DISTRICT. that there is power in any officer of the Gov.
ernment to restore it to its former rebel own
I therefore desire to amend this section A message from the House of Representa | reported back from the Committee on Territives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced tories House bill No. 466, erecting the Terri- || by striking out all after the words "the Com
missioner shall,'' and inserting the words "rethat the Speaker of the House of Representa- | tory of Montana into a surveying district, and tives had signed the following enrolled joint for other purposes,
fuse to surrender the same to them, they being resolutions, which were thereupon signed by
The bill was ordered to be engrossed and
forfeited to the United States by the former the President pro tempore: read a third time; and being engrossed, it was
belligerent owners, and duly allotted to the
freedmen." A joint resolution (H. R. No. 116) respect. || accordingly read the third time and passed. ing quarantine and health laws; and
Mr. STŘOUSE moved to reconsider the
Mr. ELIOT. I cannot yield for that amend
ment, and I will state why. If it be correct in A joint resolution (S. R. No. 74) providing | vote by which the bill was passed; and also for the acceptance of a collection of plants moved that the motion to reconsider be laid | point of law, as my friend from Pennsylvania tendered to the United States by Frederick on the table.
(Mr. Stevens) supposes, that the lands which Pech.
The latter motion was agreed to.
have been assigned to these freedmen under
General Sherman's order have been so forfeited
that they now belong to the United States, then Mr. POMEROY. I move to take up Senate On motion of Mr. BIDWELL, the Commit- there will be power, without purchasing any bill No. 233.
tee on Agriculture was discharged from the lands under this section, to allot to the freedMr. RAMSEY. I move that the Senate pro- further consideration of the petition of the men such of these lands as may be needed. If, ceed to the consideration of executive business. trustees of Indiana Agricultural College, ask- on the other hand, there shall appear that the Mr. HENDRICKS. I hope not. The Sen- ll ing a modification of the laws of Congress Il law is not as my friend supposes, unless this