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VII.

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CHAP. nearer, he plainly perceived a soldier level.

ling his musket at his breast, exclaiming at the
same time, with a broad Scotch dialect, “Wha's
that says Citoyen?-gee the richt word, or you're a
deed mon."" Had this happened during the
negotiation for the surrender of the city, the
honest Highlander would not, perhaps, have
acted with so much forbearance; but the French
and the English sentinels were then standing
close to each other, and it was probably nothing
more than a vaunt of his patriotism in the
presence of his enemy. Some difficulty, too, oc-
curred at the inner gates, which had never
before happened; the sentinels there refusing
to lower the drawbridge without a written order
from Menou. We offered to shew our passport,
signed by General Réné; but must have passed
the night upon the sands, if one of our party
had not resorted to stratagem, and pretended
being the bearer of dispatches to the French
Commander-in-chief. We were then allowed
to enter; and being conducted by a sentinel to
head-quarters, were permitted, after explaining
what had happened, to return to our lodgings.

The fifteenth was passed chiefly in taking leave of our friends, and in preparations for our voyage to Greece.

We obtained permission,

403

VII.

through the kindness of Signor Fontossi, from chap. whom we received many civilities, to trace with a pencil a beautiful plan of the Catacombs of NECROPOLIS, which had been finished by one of the chief engineers belonging to the French Institute'. A poor Negro girl, who had been sold as a slave to some Frenchman, endeavoured this day to throw herself from a very high window; but being alarmed in the attempt, by the depth below her, held by her hands, and remained suspended in that situation until her cries brought some persons to her assistance.

(1) It is the .same from which the Rev. G. Wilkins completed the drawing of those Catacombs that was engraved for this work.

(2) The officers of the French army purchased a number of these slaves. The Negro women were particularly in request among them and many were conveyed to France. The cause of this singular taste has been explained by one of their own Savans, in the Appendix to Peltier's Edition of Denon's Travels.

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Preparations for leaving Egypt-Journey to

Aboukir--Cities of Nicopolis, Taposiris Parva, and Canopus–Uncertainty of their Topography -Thonis-Changes which have taken place upon the Coast--Heraclium-Aboukir Bay— Turkish Frigate-Persons composing her Crew -Discipline at SeaBay of Finica-Meteoric Phenomena Eastern Coast of Rhodes Lindus—Southern Shores of Asia Minor_Bay of Marmora-Rhodes – Cos Town of Stanchio-Situation of the French ConsulAntient Sculpture-Inscriptions--Asclepiéum-Votive OfferingsSingular article of the Mohammedan Law, Population, commerce, and produce

of Cos.

chap. In the morning of September the sixteenth, we

left Alexandria : taking back our horses, &c. to

VIII.

the British camp. A Chiaoux, or constable of CHAP. the Turkish army, rode with us from the gates. This man expressed great indignation that the French were permitted to capitulate for the surrender of the place : he said it was very evident that the Djowrs (Infidels) were all acting in concert with each other, and that their apparent enmity was a mere device to deceive the Turks. Being asked what the Turks would have done, if the whole management had been left to them ; he answered, “We should have cut off all their heads, to be conveyed to the Grand Signior; or have stripped them naked, and turned them into the Desert.” In our way through the British camp, we called upon Lord Hutchinson, and endeavoured to express our gratitude for his unceasing patronage, from the moment of our first arrival in Egypt, bestowed in the midst of his more important avocations; and we hope that this now disinterested memorial may prove that his Lordship's kindness has not been forgotten. We then visited a few other friends, who were rejoicing in the prospect of a speedy termination to one of the severest campaigns which British soldiers are likely to encounter-a termination, too, that covered them with glory. The number of the enemy expelled by our army from Egypt, after all the losses he had sus

VIII.

CHAP. tained, was greater than the aggregate of the

English combined forces when they were first landed at Aboukirl. It was a contest against veteran troops, under every circumstance of privation ; a species of warfare to which our soldiers were unaccustomed ; carried on against men who were in full possession of the terri. tory, were inured to the unhealthiness of the climate, and had all the advantages of position. Succeeding generations may indeed exult in the triumph thus obtained for our country; for, so long as the annals of our Empire endure, it shall be said, that “lance to lance, and horse to horse,” the legions of France, who had boasted themselves to be invincible, fled, or fell, before the youth of Britain.

From the British, we went to the Turkish camp; and again had an audience of the Capu dan Pasha. He had recovered his composure : and he gave us three letters; one to the Captain of his own ship, the Sultan Selim; a second

(1)“ When we landed, the effective force of our army did not exceed 15,000 men. The French, an enemy well established in a country full of resources, embarked from Cairo 13,000; from Alerandria (mirabile dictu!) 10,000. We must perhaps deduct 5000, for the civil tribe and the merchants, who followed the army; there will then rimuin 18,000 for their effective force."-Colonel Squire's MS. Correspondence. Letter dated Alesandriu, Oct. 5, 1801.

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