« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
rock, and is a work of great labour. It bears panions on account of their acquirements and marks about it of great antiquity. The well is the approbation bestowed upon them, manifestdeep,' was the description given of it by the ing a spirit of pride and domination, mocking woman of Samaria to our Lord. It still, as now the aged, the lame, or the blind, acting with noticed, has the same character, although to an wanton cruelty towards the inferior animals, or extent it is perhaps filled with the stones which encouraging them to fight with each other, inare thrown into it to sound it by travellers and juring trees, shrubs, or flowers, cutting or hackpilgrims.
ing walls, tables, or any useful piece of furni“The adventure which I have now noticed ture, equivocating when giving evidence on being over, we emerged from the well, and sitting any fact, and many similar practices, which are down at its mouth, we could not but think of the too numerous to mention here, but which all lie scenes and events of other days. We were near at the source of all the evils which are comto the very •parcel of ground that Jacob gave mitted in after life. These are seldom taken Joseph. Jacob's Well was here! Here Jesus, due notice of, and seldom counteracted by the the Saviour sat, wearied with his journey, suf- proper application of Christian principles. All fering from the infirmities of that lowly human these actions should be severely reprobated, and nature he had assumed, when he came from condemned with decision, as subversive of every heaven to accomplish the work of our redemp- principle that pervades the Christian religion. tion, which his Father had given him to do. Here he spake with inimitable simplicity and
RESPECT TO PARENTS. majesty as never man spake, setting himself forth as the Source and Giver of the copious and
“Ingratitude! thou marble-hearted fiend,
More hideous, when apparent in a child, satisfying waters of Eternal Life.”
Than the sea monster.
Not only the young are apt to forget the reHINTS ON MORAL TRAINING.
spect due to parents, but ostentimes we see chilThere can scarcely be a doubt, that the best dren of older growth forgeting those who have mode of impressing the minds of the young with reared them from infancy, and by their waythe moral principles of Christianity, is to ex- wardness causing their parents to shed tears, hibit the operation of those principles in real when it should be their duty to give them reason life, and to point out specifically those dispositions for smiles. There is no sight which is so reand modes of conduct which are directly op- volting to an upright man, as to see youth disposed to the precepts laid down by our Saviour, respecting gray hair ; but when we find a man, and to the example he has set before us. For arrived at the age of discretion, neglecting his this purpose a watchful eye should be kept on silver-haired parents, and treating them with their conduct, and on the temper it displays. contempt, no word is forcible enough to express Even the most minute ramifications of their the feeling which naturally arises in every conduct should be strictly inspected, and those honest breast. The very idea that the babe, looks and gestures, words and actions, which whose care has caused them so many sleepless may at first sight appear trivial or indifferent, nights, and so many anxious hours, should in should not be altogether overlooked; for in later years prove a curse, instead of a blessing, many instances they manifest the existence of and repay its parents for all their love, by unan evil principle ready to burst forth into action, thankfulness, makes one shudder. Yet how and which should be carefully counteracted. often do we see cases in which the child forgets Many dispositions of this kind, which are daily the respect due to his mother, and is regardless manifested in families and at public schools, are of his father's wishes! Children, learn in early considered as the mere ebullitions of youthful age to respect your parents, and obey them in frolic or amusement, which nevertheless involve all things ; struggle not against their authority, principles altogether inconsistent with the dic- but by yielding while young, you will derive tates of inspiration, and with the harmony and honour when older; and never forget that comorder of the intelligent universe; and if such mandment which says, “ Honour thy father and evil principles be not destroyed in the bud, they mother, that thy days may be long in the land will grow with their growth, and strengthen that the Lord thy God giveth thee.”—Sabbath with their strength, till they appear in all their School Treasury. noxious luxuriance in the active scenes of social life. How often do we see and hear boys calling each other nicknames, tearing books, acting deceitfully in making bargains, pinching and Of what description is the conversation of scratching, boxing and fighting, taking delight heaven? Hark! Is that holy angel relating a in teasing and vexing one another, mocking at tale of slander? That group of heavenly mesnatural defects and infirmities, valuing them- sengers, almost lost to our view in ethereal selves on account of the finery of their dress, brightness, are they busied in whisperings, and taking revenge of injuries, envying their com- backbitings, and revilings? Those out-spread
celestial wings, returning from their earthward | below the public street, and the area of the mission, are they gladly bearing the tidings that whole court was a floating mass of putrified a saint has fallen, or that a sinner is confirmed animal and vegetable matter, so dreadfully offenin his iniquity ? Oh no! The joy of heaven is sive that he was obliged to make a precipitate orer the sinner that repenteth, and over the back-retreat; yet the whole of the houses were inslider reclaimed.
habited. Since these sinks of insalubrity have That council of the hosts of heaven with at- been paved, the change in the health of the intention riveted on earth, are they watching for habitants has been more remarkable than what the faults and failings of its inhabitants that they may have been anticipated. In one place, may report them in heaven? No; they are bend- (Bridport court,) which contains eighteen houses, ing all their faculties to understand the manifold the cases of sickness were eighteen before, to wisdom of God made visible in his church. four after the flags were laid down. In another
Christian brethren and sisters! Are we in-alley (Oak court) the proportion is five cases dulging, either from malice or idleness, in tale- now to twenty-eight in former years; and, so far bearing, in calumny, in evil reports ? Then our as observation has been extended, which it has conversation is not heavenly. It cannot be ad- been to fifty-seven of the houses, the fronts of mitted there, for its holy gates exclude all that which have been paved, to eighty-five cases of loveth or maketh a lie, Rev. xxi. 27. The tale- sickness which occurred before paving, only bearer and the slanderer are classed with the sixteen have taken place since. The obvious liar and the murderer, Prov. vi. 16, 17; Rom. i. effect of smoothing causeways, by means of 29, 30.
flags or other paving materials, is to do away If our conversation be indeed heavenly it will with such inequalities as form receptacles for resemble, in its measure, that of the spirits of the the stagnant water left by rain, and the offals of just made perfect. Thoughts and words of food with which the poor are apt to strew the malice, of covetousness, of selfishness, are for fronts of their residences. The malaria thus erer banished from their pure intercourse; and produced is productive of agues and other painthe deeds and the purposes of the Lamb that ful and fatal diseases. It is therefore the duty was slain and hath redeemed them by his blood, of all official persons who have the charge of furnish an untiring theme for their unweary these matters in towns, not only to see that their tongues.
streets are well paved for the convenience of Christian brethren, let our conversation be pedestrians, but for the health of the public.thus heavenly.--Sunday School Journal. Chambers's Edinburgh Journal.
EFFECT OF PAVEMENTS UPON HEALTH.
QUERIES FOR WOMEN FRIENDS.
The causes of disease, which are being inves
(Continued from page 128.) tigated so extensively at the present time, are
SEVENTH QUERY. sometimes traced to the most remote origin. It would enter the minds of few that pavements, Are Friends just in their dealings, and punctual in
fulfilling their engagements ? which are constructed merely for the convenience of transit in crowded cities, are preventives
In all the schemes that you have planned, to ill-health ; but such has recently been proved.
Does justice hold an even hand ?
That in your dealings with mankind, The corporation of Liverpool having recently
Integrity may strictly bind ? paved the courts and alleys of that town, it has And in your commerce and your trade been observed that the health of the people re
Do you fulfil engagements made, siding in them has wonderfully improved, and
Nor leave the merchant's bill unpaid ?
Nay, further still, in friendship’s claim, that deaths were less frequent. This led to
Do you observe this point the same ? further inquiry, and attention was directed to six Does truth bind you in solemn tie of the worst courts in Liverpool. Of them, Mr. To shun the covert of a lie ?
And no prevaricating way Carr, of the Southern Dispensary, remarks that
Hide candour from the open day? they were formerly so notoriously unhealthy
In every action do you strive that the medical attendant was hardly ever out To keep integrity alive ? of them, and when any epidemics visited the That no base scheme of worldly art, town, these places exhibited their results in per- Bid you from rectitude depart? fection: the surface being in a most disgraceful
Dear Friends, the path to sin is wide
Keep in the narrow way, lest pride, state, covered to some depth with putrid mud, With love of riches in her train, so that the inhabitants were compelled to place Should tempt you to ignoble gain. large stones at intervals to enable them to reach Satan is ever on the watch,
Eager to spoil, seduce, and catch; their houses by stepping from one to another.
And thus it does from Scripture fall, It is also stated by Mr. Samuel Holme, that in
That though the needle's eye be small, Freemason's row he found about two years ago A camel there might entrance find, a court of houses, the floors of which were Ere heaven admit the sordid mind.
Is care taken early to admonish such as appear in
clined to marry in a manner contrary to the rules of our Society; and to report such as persist in refusing to take counsel, to the Men's Meeting, in due time.
And you, dear Friends, whom plenty leads,
poor in spirit.”
If any seek the marriage tie
Have ynu two or more faithful Friends appointed by
the Monthly Meeting, as Overseers in ich particular meeting; and is the part of the discipline committed to your care, timely and impartially exercised.
Have you some faithful Friends selected,
Are the necessities of the poor among you properly
inspected and relieved : and is good care taken of the education of their offspring ?
Are the necessities supplied,
MARRIED, -At Friends' Meeting-house, Viliord. Wayne County, Indiana, on fifth day, the 28ih of last month, CHARLES T. WESTCOMB, to Is.ABELLA, daughter of Samuel and Jane Stokes, formerly of Philadelphia.
at Friends' Meeting, Springboro', Warreu County, Ohio, on fourth day, the 3d inst., Isaac Evans, son of Thomas Evans, to ANNE S., daughter of Arnold Boone.
at Friends' Meeting, Elk. Preble County, Ohio, on the 21st. of last month, Enoch S. Dicks, to Ax T., daughter of Joel G. Hutchin.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
For Friends' Review.
whom W. Allen describes as a very little flock
in the midst of a bigoted and benighted people, Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum, who spoke of experiencing great peace and conNo. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, solation in the interior life through which they PHILADELPHIA.
had sweet communion with the Lord. At that Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six place, as at Ghent, he endeavoured to interest the copies for ten dollars.
governor in the education of the poor. He inThis paper is subject to newspaper postage only. formed him of the efforts made for that purpose
in England, and offered his co-operation in case
a similar course should be attempted there. LIFE OF WILLIAM ALLEN.
Proceeding through the low countries they visited
the schools, and prisons, endeavouring to pro(Continued from page 131.)
mote a proper education of the young, and holdIn the summer of 1816, William Allen left ing religious meetings in various places. A England, under appointment of the Yearly Meet- meeting of that kind was held at the Hague, ing, to visit those professing with Friends in where a large number of children belonging to Germany and France. In this journey he was an orphan seminary were present. In that opaccompanied by his wife, whom he married in portunity Elizabeth Robson addressed the as1806, their nephew.C. Hanbury, and friend F. sembly through the medium of a double interpreMartin, who had been a teacher in Paris on the tation; F. Martin translating the communication Lancasterian system. At Dover they were into French, and a female of the place rendering joined by Elizabeth Robson and Elizabeth Fry. it into Dutch. We may readily suppose that After landing at Calais they proceeded by way much of the force would be lost by such a cirof Dunkirk to Ghent, where W. Allen and his cuitous transmission, yet the children behaved friend Martin took an opportunity to visit the well, and some of them were affected by the governor, who received them very kindly, and communication. was much interested by the information which Proceeding on their journey, our travellers they communicated to him, particularly in refer- arrived at Pyrmont, in Germany, on the 6th of ence to the education of the poor. By the 8th month, where they continued until the 13th, governor's direction they were conducted through during which time they were frequently engaged the large prison at Ghent, called the Maison de in religious opportunities with those who profess Force. The building and its arrangements, to the principles of Friends in and near that place, gether with the treatment of the prisoners, gave as well as attending the usual meetings in the them great satisfaction. The criminals were week and on first days, to which many who employed at various trades, each in a separate, were not members of our society frequently commodious cell, being allowed to associate and came. They were much concerned to find that, converse with none but the persons who had the from some apparently trifling causes, the harmony oversight of them. The provisions of the penal of the little company of Friends there, had code, (under which none were punished with been much disturbed; a root of bitterness had death, excepting for wilful murder,) and the entire been implanted, and in some minds had sprung management of the convicts, were found to be so up, so as to cause much trouble. W. Allen much in advance of those of his own country, believed it right to have a private interview with that W. Allen concludes his observations on this the individuals concerned, in company with prison, with the following remarks :
Francis Martin, as interpreter. Of this occasion * When I contrasted this enlightened system, he makes the following memorandum :which has so long flourished here, and produced “On meeting them, I was under much consuch excellent effects, with the savage code of cern of mind, being thus alone, with so weighty my own country, and the horrid management of a work on my hands ; but my secret petitions our own prisons, my mind was agitated with were fervent that I might be favoured with conflicting sentiments of delight and indignation." divine help, and that if I could do no good,
At Antwerp they met with some persons I might, at least, be prevented from doing any
harm. After a little time of silence, I addressed In the 9th month, E. Robson and E. Fry, acthem under a feeling of love and sweetness, that companied by F. Martin, who appears to have I have not often experienced, and had humbly to gone as their interpreter, proceeded to the south believe that my request was granted. I desired of France ; leaving W. Allen, with his wife and that they would state what it was that had nephew, at Geneva. grieved any of them, with respect to the conduct Before they arrived at the place last mentioned of a brother or a sister; some free communica- Charlotte Allen, wife of William, became seritions passed, with explanations that tended to ously unwell, and soon after their arrival extheir reconciliation; the cause of offence seemed, pressed an apprehension that she should not chiefly, to rest with two individuals. After a leave the place alive. The disease soon settled pause I addressed these persons, reminding them upon her brain, and completely clouded her inthat they were both much advanced in years, tellect. About three weeks after the attack, she and in the common course of nature, verging quietly breathed her last. Her surviving partner towards that state in which it would be felt ex- observes on the occasion, “I believe my reason tremely desirab to them to be rid of this burden. would be quite overset, were it not for a little They then embraced each other, and most divine support.” Yet afflictive as this dispensapresent burst into tears; it was indeed a heart- tion evidently was, he had strength to say when touching scene, and, I believe, deeply felt by her remains were committed to the house apevery one as a memorable time; all present pointed for all living: “Thy will, O Lord, be parted with appearance of much love and tender-done." ness."
Shortly after this mournful event, W. Allen The day before they left Pyrmont, they had a and his nephew commenced their sorrowful and farewell meeting with the Friends who resided now solitary journey towards their native land. there and in the neighbourhood, which is thus They arrived at Dover on the 18th of 10th described :
month. This return must have been to him “Both our dear companions were engaged in something like that of Naomi to the country of imparting much excellent counsel, which F. her people; yet he still found the consolations of Martin interpreted; my dear Charlotte also ex- religion a never failing support. Upon this ochorted them not to forsake the assembling of casion the following entry appears in his diary:themselves together; and lastly, I encouraged My loss is so great that nothing can afford them to read the Scriptures frequently, and also me comfort, except some feeling of divine supto cause their children to read them; likewise to port. A measure of this was mercifully extended be diligent in attending their meetings on fourth whilst I was on the sea. These words being as well as first-days; and especially to dis- sweetly impressed upon my mind, 'Fear not, for courage tale-bearing and detraction, and to live I am with thee, be not dismayed, for I am thy in love and peace: we had an affectionate part- God.'” And on reaching his own residence he ing, and I feel great peace.
Whatever may be observes: “I found my dear mother, daughter, the result, it is, to those here, a fresh visitation.” and sister, with whom I had a truly affecting
After leaving Pyrmont they called upon Count meeting. After tea we had a religious opportuFellenberg, at Hoffwyl. or him W. Allen ob- nity, in which, I trust, a precious degree of diserves, " there was something in his countenance vine good overshadowed us, and I was almost and manner, indicative of great mental power, ready to exclaim, “When thou shuttest, none openness of character, and benignity; I soon can open; and when thou openest, none can found him a most interesting man; we had shut. Where the sceptre of thy love is stretched much conversation upon the subject of educating forth, even such a one as I, who scarcely dares the poor. He has the charge of about sixty to call himself thy servant, is emboldened to children; six or seven of them åre the sons of present his petition, that thou wouldst give him German Princes; and the parents of others are strength to bear his afflictions in a manner well persons of considerable rank and property ; but pleasing to thee; to sanctify them, and make Fellenberg boards and educates about twenty-five them the means of establishing him more firmly of the children, for whom he receives nothing on the alone sure foundation.' but the produce of their labour. The pupils all • My beloved mother addressed me with the appeared healthy ; Fellenberg treats them as his words of consolation, and afterwards dear Joseph own children; I noticed they spoke to him with was sweetly engaged in prayer.' This was out any appearance of awe or restraint.”. He somewhat confirming and strengthening to my afterwards visited the seminary of Pestalozzi, tempest-tossed soul.” and a number of the pupils were examined in During the succeeding week he received visits his presence, solving by mental calculation a of condolence from several of his friends, and on variety of difficult questions in algebraic equa- some of these occasions was favoured to partake tions. It was with pleasure that he observed of a measure of divine consolation, in the review the terms on which the pupils lived with Pesta- of which, at the close of a week, he makes the lozzi and his tutors, a spirit of harmony seemed following memorandum :to pervade the whole establishment.
• What an unspeakable mercy it is that I can