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GERMAN IMMIGRATION.

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came to the school one morning with her son about twelve years

of who had been susThe report of the German Society, from Jan.

age, I to Oct. 1, is published in the Schnellpost of pended from every other school in that section this morning. During this time about 50,000 mother said to her, • he is a very bad boy. His

of the city for truancy and bad conduct.' The German immigrants have arrived in New York. father and I have whipped him, and whipped The precise number cannot be ascertained, as

him, but it does no good. You will be obliged many have come from unusual ports. Of those known to the Committee, 143 ships from Havre to punish him, he is so very bad.' The young have brought about 18,500; 85 from Antwerp school-room, said to the boy, in a very kind and

lady, immediately after the mother left the about 11,000 ; 90 from Bremen about 8411; 47 affectionate manner, (she was a cheerful and from London about 5000; 38 from Hamburg, 4245; 27 from Rotterdam, 1400; 25 from Liver pleasant young lady,) • Charles, I wish you to pool, 700; i from Portsmouth, 504; 1 from letter for me ; and as it is a matter of importance

-'s, in street, and take a Falmouth, 157 ; 1 from Plymouth, 240 ; 1 from Glasgow, 104; 1 from Stettin, 74. In general

, to me, I wish you to go and return as soon as the immigrants this year have been in better you can without injury to yourself, and bring circumstances than those of former years, which

me an answer.' is owing to the fact that the poorer classes have raised his head, which, up to that time, had

«• The boy then,' said the young lady, taken the cheaper route by Quebec. Most of them have gone west to engage in agriculture ; letter, and judging from the time he was absent,

been dropped down, and smiled. He took the among them have been fewer mechanics than usual, and most of these have

gone
west. Many

and from his appearance when he returned, he of them have, however, caught the fever in the must have run all the way there and back. I West and have returned to the City to be sup

complimented him,' said the young lady; - for his ported by the aid of the Society Through the promptness, expressed fears that he had injured agency of the Society there have found employ- thanked him for his kindness in going for me;

himself in consequence of running so fast, and ment: day-labourers and labourers on railroads, with all of which he seemed highly pleased. Í 2,223 ; female domestics, 677; mechanics” ap- then gave him a seat in the class ; and occasionprentices, 73; farm labourers, 113; stone cutters, 66; bakers, 58; masons, 46: joiners, 39; ally, for several days, requested him to do er

rands for me; and,' she concluded by saying, wearers, 32; tailors, 14 ; shoemakers, 14; locksmiths, 12 ; gardeners, 12 ; smiths, other mecha

that I never had a better boy in school than

Charles nics, 54—total, 3,436 persons ; besides these, 423

was, during the eighteen months which immigrants have been placed in New Jersey probably, never received any encouragement to

he attended my school. This boy had, most

'

, in all, 3,859. The report adds that the Society has other

do well before.”Christian Citizen. wise been of service to an unusual number of immigrants, and that its sphere of action is constantly extending.- N. Y. Tribune.

In the memoirs of the London Chemical Society there is an interesting paper by Mr. War

rington, on the analysis of tea, in which he states MODE OF MAKING FRIENDS.

that he has not only removed the whole of the I remember having read in Franklin's biogra- colouring matter, or glazing, from green tea, phy, that while he was acting as clerk to the legislature, one of the members, who was con

moved, and prove it by chemical evidence, to sidered a man of talents, manifested some oppo

consist of Prussian blue and gypsum principally. sition to him. Franklin wishing to gain his So that in fact the drinkers of green tea, as it friendship, adopted the following expedient. comes to the English market, indulge in a beveHaving learned that the member in question rage of Chinese paint, and might imitate the was in possession of a certain rare book, he ad- mixture by dissolving Prussian blue and plaster

The Chinese do not dressed him a note, politely requesting the loan of Paris in hot water. of it. The book was delivered to the bearer;

drink this painted tea ; they only sell it.-Gardand after Franklin had kept it about a week,

ner's Chronicle. whether he read it does not appear-he returned it, with proper acknowledgment of the favour. From that time the man became his friend. A At one of Father Mathew's meetings in Engsimilar principle seems to have been acted upon, land, a friend who had travelled extensively both and with equal success, in the following case, in Europe and America, expressing his adherence related by Cobb.

to the plan of total abstinence from intoxicating “ A young lady of my acquaintance, who has liquors, made the following impressive observa. charge of one of the departments in a boys' tions : school, in a neighbouring city, states that a lady "I rejoice in the spread of temperance, because

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF TEA,

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TOTAL ABSTINENCE.

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SLAVE-TRADE.

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I have witnessed in every part of the globe image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit which I have visited, the dreadful effects of in- of the Lord.” Death hath no power over that temperance; I have witnessed these effects on form of beauty. The grave cannot touch it. It both sides of the Atlantic; and I am sure we is imperishable. Faith assures us that “ as we cannot in any way promote the welfare of man- have borne the image of the earthly, so shall we kind more effectually than by persuading men to bear the image of the heavenly." Then let the abandon the use of those liquors which injure falling leaf, which so softly sinks to the earth, the mind as well as the body, and pervert the after having fulfilled its mission, teach us how to understanding as well as corrupt the affections, die. Thus gently may we stoop to the dust, while they ruin both body and soul. When I and sink to our last repose.—Mercury, say this, I am well aware, and I hope never to forget, that the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, in its simplicity and purity, is the one grand

The United States brig Dolphin, commanded! remedy for all the evils of the world. But in the by Lieutenant Bell, recently arrived at New temperance movement, I see nothing that is op- York in 22 days from Porto Praya, Cape de posed to the gospel, but every thing in harmony Verde Islands. with its Divine operations."

Lieutenant Bell, during his cruise, overhauled

an American brig (the J. W. Huntingdon) on THE FALLING LEAF OF AUTUMN.

the night of the 31st of August, owned in New Who can behold it without revolving in his York, from Rio Janeiro, with the usual assorted mind the lessons it seems designed to teach ? slave cargo on board, and lumber enough for a

slave deck. He was informed also, that the “ We all do fade as a leaf,” whispers a voice in gentle, but impressive accents. However strong Malaga had precisely such a cargo, except the and beautiful the parent trees, when the season of

lumber. The American brig “Senator," boarded

ín March last, was out from Rio with such a decadency arrives, the separation must take place. It is a law of nature which no mortal power can the J. W. Huntingdon reports that she (the

cargo,

and similarly chartered. The master of repeal. “ Leaves have their time to fall.” Buds have their time to spring into that brief and Senator) now lies scuttled in Rio. Having beautiful existence allotted them by the Universal safely landed 500 slaves at Cape Frio, she pro

ceeded into Rio under Brazilian colours, where Creator. “ To every thing there is a season.” They all have one life to live-one death to die. her owners were suffered to strip her of all her Nature is lovely in her forms of life, and lovely

furniture, and then the government seized her as in death. The verdure which she spreads over left her at Loango, where the slaves were taken

a no-document vessel-the American crew having creation in its season, is refreshing to the eye

board. and the mind, but her dying colours, if I may so

It will thus be seen that this horrid traffic is call them, are of startling brightness. Go now into the fields and forests, and behold the gorge of the Republic of Liberia will have a favourable

still going on. It is to be hoped that the growth ous apparel with which she has invested herself; effect towards arresting this monstrous evil and preparatory to her descent into the sepulchre of winter. No gloomy colour is seen adorning her disgrace to the present era of civilization.-N.

American and U. S. Gazette. wasted form. No frown distorts her matronly brow. Her joy is like that of one who has run

OVERWHELMING ARGUMENT. well his triumphant course; fulfilled his entrusted commission, and is “ready to be offered up." Dr. Lathrop in one of his sermons says, “ If it How affecting this annual sacrifice of a world of were true that there is no God, what evidence beauty and grandeur! The leaves fall, but not can the Atheist have, that he shall not exist and the tree that bore them. The rose fades, but the be miserable after death? How came he to stem on which it grew, is vital. It will “sprout exist at all? Whatever was the cause of his again.” So is the life of the spiritual aspirant existence here, may be the cause of his existence after a holy immortality “hid with Christ in hereafter. Or, if there is no cause, he may exist God,” and in that life mortality is to be “swal- without a cause in another state, as well as in lowed up." How mighty the power that can this. And if his corrupt heart and abominable absorb all the miseries of humanity, as the earth works make him so unhappy here, that he had absorbs the world of leaves that descends into its rather be annihilated, than run the hazard of a bosom!

future existence, what hinders but he may be But this “sere and yellow leaf-look at it. unhappy for ever? The man, then, is a fool, Behold the image of the parent tree so strikingly who wishes there was no God, hoping thus to delineated upon it. It is there, even in death. be secure from future misery, for admitting there Even so is it with the frail child of dust,” who is no God, still he may exist hereafter as well with tearful faith looks up to God as his father. as here; if he does exist, his corruptions and “We all with open face, beholding as in a glass vices may render him miserable eternally, as the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same well as for the present."-S. S. Journal.

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THE ANCIENT POST SYSTEM IN PERU. almost said of the Shetland Islands, there are The system of communication through their

neither roads nor inns, our friends, in crossing dominion was still further improved by the Pe- on foot over the moss clad hills, and in threading ruvian sovereigns, by the introduction of posts,

their trackless way through the soft and boggy in the same manner as was done by the Aztecs ground, were often exposed to great personal The Peruvian posts, however, established on all fatigue, and to the want of suitable food, but the the great routes that conducted to the capital,

best the poor cottagers had to set before them, were on a much more extended plan than those in was cheerfully given, and not unfrequently a Mexico. All along the routes small buildings blessing was pronounced on them and their were erected, at the distance of less than five work. They were also cheered from place to miles asunder, in each of which a number of place by the affectionate inquiries which were runners, or chasquis, as they were called, were

made respecting a company of Friends, seven in stationed to carry forward the despatches of number, who visited 'Shetland in 1835; the

whole of whom, after a lapse of twelve years, government. These despatches were either verbal, or conveyed by means of quipus, and were individually inquired after by name. In sometimes accompanied by a thread of the one instance, a schoolmaster could tell the words crimson fringe worn round the temples of

which had been spoken by them, and in another, the Inca, which was regarded with the same

a sweet spirited woman, the wife of one of the implicit deference as the signet ring of the oriental

landed proprietors, remarked in effect, “I have despot. The chasquis were dressed in a pecu- friends, in 1835, were sent from different parts

often traced the hand of Providence, that your liar livery, intimating their profession. They were all trained to the employment, and selected of England at the same time, and without any for their speed and fidelity. As the distance knowledge of each other's views, and that these each courier had to perform was small, and as

visits should have immediately preceded a presshe had ample time to refresh himself at the ing time of scarcity and want, which they were stations, they ran over the ground with great

instrumental in aiding to relieve.” swiftness, and messages were carried through

A period of scarcity is, however, no new thing the whole extent of the great routes, at the rate in Shetland—and the almost entire failure of the of 150 miles a day. The office of the chasquis potato crop in 1846, together with their inability was not limited to carrying despatches. They

io grow sufficient corn for their own sustenance, frequently brought various articles for the use of brought them in 1847 to the verge of famine. the court; and in this way, fish from the distant I. S. and B. D. say they have reason to believe, ocean, fruits, game, and different commodities from the investigation which they made, that in from the hot regions on the coast, were taken to no one instance had death ensued from absolute the capital in good condition, and served fresh at starvation; yet want and hunger, with cold and the royal table. It is remarkable that this im- partial nakedness, were severely felt by some, portant institution should have been known to and the testimony was universal, that, " but for both the Mexicans and Peruvians without any

the meal sent from the Edinburgh Destitution correspondence with one another; and that it Fund, hundreds must have perished.In the should have been found among two barbarian

relief thus extended, the sufferers clearly recognations of the New World long before it was in- nised the hand of a gracious Providence. Nottroduced among the civilized nations of Europe.- there were many cases of pressing destitution,

withstanding, however, the timely aid afforded, Prescott's History of Peru.

such, for instance, as a poor woman and her

seven children, subsisting for an entire week on VISIT TO THE SHETLAND ISLANDS.

the milk of her only cow, without any portion At Darlington Monthly Meeting, held at North of solid food. The Government Inspector reShields, on the 19th ult., our friend Isaac SHARP, marked, “In no instance have I met with so returned the certificate granted him in the Third much of uncomplaining suffering as in Shetmonth last, having completed his religious visit land." to the Shetland Isles, accompanied by BARNARD The social condition of these poor islanders DICKENSON. For the present he feels himself stands greatly in need of advancement; their released from making a similar visit to the Ork- dwellings, with the fire on the floor, and the ney Isles, and some religious service in the north smoke issuing through the roof, are generally of Scotland. Our friends remained seven weeks very poor, and greatly wanting in cleanliness. in the Shetland Islands, during which period Peat is the almost universal fuel; for neither tree they travelled more than 600 miles, chiefly on nor shrub is found in Shetland. The inhabitants foot and in open boats. They held 52 Public are however very intelligent, and able almost inMeetings among the interesting and simple variably to read and write; and it is thought that hearted islanders, and wherever they went they the establishment of School Libraries would met with great openness. The companies which prove a great blessing to the rising generation, were assembled varied in number, from about and to the islanders in general. The population fifteen to five or six hundred. As it may be of the island, is about 35,000.

THE LITTLE CANDLE.

BY HENRY BACON.

Cheerful the little work-girl sat,

And swift her needle flew, While the dark shadows of the night

Their gloom around her threw.

At the end of seven weeks, (during which there been but little fair weather,) our friends felt the time had arrived for moving southward ; and on leaving the islands, they carried with them a lively feeling of the goodness and guidance of the Great Head of the Church, of the merciful preservation which they had experienced by land and sea, and of the kindness extended to them during their sojourn. It is worthy of remark that, until the year 1835, it does not appear that any

Friend ever visited the Shetland Isles with a certificate.-London Friend.

A little light alone was hers,

As there she sat and wrought ; And well she knew how dear to prize

What her own toil had bought.

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" I must be quick," she musing said ;

My little candle wanes;
And swiftly must my task go on,

While yet its light remains.”
And then she plied, with wondrous skill,

The little shining steel,
And every ray of that small light

Smiled on her patient zeal.

Ere the last glimmer died away

Her task was neatly done ; Sweet was her rest,—and joy to her

Came with the morning sun.

MORNING. Oh! timely happy, timely wise, Hearts that with rising morn arise ! Eyes that the beam celestial view, Which evermore makes all things new ! New every morning is the love Our waking and uprising prove, Through sleep and darkness safely brought, Restored to life, and power and thought. New mercies each returning day, Hover around us while we pray:New perils past, new sins forgiven, New thoughts of God, new hopes of heaven. If on our daily course our mind Be set, to hallow all we find, New treasures still, of countless price, God will provide for sacrifice. Old friends, old scenes, will lovelier be, As more of heaven in each we see : Some softening gleam of love and prayer Shall dawn on every cross and care. As for some dear familiar strain Untired we ask, and ask again, Ever in its melodious store, Finding a spell unheard before.

Ah, is not life a little light

That soon will cease to burn ? And should not we from that dear girl

A solemn lesson learn?

While yet our little candle shines

Be all our powers employed; And while we strive to do our tasks,

Life shall be best enjoyed.

But let us ne'er in darkened hours,

Forget what Christ hath done, But, patient, in sweet hope await

The glorious RISING SUN !

MARRIED,–At Friends' meeting-house, Abington, Montgomery county, Pa., on 5th day, the 18th inst., Joshua H. MORRIS, of this city, to Ann M., daughter of Thomas Wistar, Jr., of the former place.

Such is the bliss of souls serene
When they have vow'd and steadfast been,

Counting the cost, in all tespy
· Their God, in all, themselves deny.

Oh, could we learn that sacrifice,
What lights would all around us rise !
How would our hearts with wisdom talk,
Along life's dullest, dreariest walk !

Errata.-In page 41, for Martha Hodges, of Sandwich, Maine, read Martha J. Hodges, of China, Maine; and page 96, for Benjamin Hiatt, read Benajah Hiatt.

We need not bid, for cloistered cell Our neighbour and our work farewell, Nor strive to wind ourselves too high For sinful man beneath the sky.

QUERIES FOR WOMEN FRIENDS. The subscriber proposes to reprint the "Queries for Women Friends," which have appeared in Friends' Review, in a neat form, at the rate of one dollar per dozen, should there be sufficient demand for it." Persons at a distance may order them post paid and they will be promptly forwarded.

HENÁY LONGSTRETH, Bookseller, 347 Market st., Philada.

The trivial round, the common task,
Would furnish all we ought to ask;
Room to deny ourselves; a road
To bring us daily nearer God.

Seek we no more ; content with these
Let present rapture, comfort, ease,
As Heaven shall bid them, come and go :-
The secret this of Rest below,

WANTED A Friend to take charge of a School for boys under the care of the Overseers of “the Public School, founded by charter in the town and county of Philadelphia.

Application may be made to George Stewardson, No. 90 Arch street, or Charles Yarna!l, No. 30 S. 12th street, Philada.

11 mo, 241h.

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FRIENDS! REVIEW

A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.

VOL. I.

PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 4, 1847

No. 11.

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TO FRIENDS IN IRELAND.

EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

only in their own immediate neighbourhoods, but

in remote districts of the country. In this enPublished Weekly by Josiah Tatam, gagement, enlarged as it has been by the extenNo. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, sive trust committed to us, through the liberality PHILADELPHIA.

of our Friends, and of the public at large, in Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six many parts of Great Britain and America, there copies for ten dollars.

is especial need of a watchful care that our This paper is subject to newspaper postage only. minds be not diverted, by the multiplicity and

weight of these concerns, from a due attention to DUBLIN EPISTLE.

the other claims of religious and social duty.

The circumstances around us should rather An Epistle from the Yearly Meeting of Friends prompt us to an increased fervency of spirit, and

in Ireland, held in Dublin, by adjournments, greater devotedness to the Lord's service. Let from the 26th of Fourth month to the 1st of us also beware of any elevation of mind, arising Fifth month, inclusive, 1847.

from a consciousness of being made instrumental of good to others. This is a snare of the enemy,

from which we shall find preservatiou in cherishDear Friends.-We have been brought, in the ing a deep sense of our own unworthiness, and course of this Yearly Meeting, into a deep feeling that in every duty we are helped to perform, we of our responsibility when thus assembled. The are but unprofitable servants. The labours into circumstances which now surround us, press which many of our members have been introweightily upon our minds, and it is under some duced on this occasion, have brought us much sense of the responsibility which also devolves under public notice, and into intercourse with on our members individually, that we believe it those of other religious professions, who are right briefly to address you. The awful dispen- engaged in portions of the same work. Here sation under which, in the inscrutable wisdom also is need of close watchfulness, both as towards of Divine Providence, this land is now afflicted, our own standing, and the influence of our exhas doubtless awakened many to serious thought- ample on others. Let us not swerve from an fulness. In the prevalence of famine, and the upright maintenance of our Christian principles, spreading of disease and death, which all human whether they be put to the test in greater or aid has been so little instrumental in arresting, lesser matters. Our faithfulness herein will we behold the traces of an Almighty Hand, and greatly tend to our own preservation ; and it is are reminded in a lively and affecting manner, surely incumbent on us, is brought into a conof our dependant condition. We are all con- spicuous position, however unlooked for or undecerned in the lessons of instruction which these sired by ourselves, to be careful that the honour events convey. May we be so humbled in of our holy profession be not tarnished by a spirit, as rightly to accept them, and thus witness weak and inconsistent line of conduct. We a preparation of heart for the exercise described would therefore earnestly press upon all our by the prophet, “In the way of thy judgments, dear Friends, to whom this counsel is applicable, O Lord, have we waited for thee. The desire that they seek to be found in an humble and of our soul is to thy name, and to the remem- circumspect walking in the fear of the Lord. brance of thee. With my soul have I desired Amongst the trials of the present day, are thee, in the night; yea, with my spirit within those connected with the insecurity of property me, will I seek thee early; for when thy judg- in some places, from tumultuary movements of ments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the the populace, to possess themselves of food. In world will learn righteousness."

order to repress these movements, and to guard We rejoice that in this season of calamity and the premises where provisions are stored, milisore distress to such multitudes of our fellow tary force has been employed by the public country-people, the hearts of our dear friends authorities, and armed escorts have been furhave been open in no common measure to ad- nished to protect such property in transit. We ininister to the wants of the suffering poor, not I feel for our Friends, who are exposed to many

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