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For Friends' Review.
in the room, apparently proceeding from under a that having strolled forth one day, buffetted and bureau. Supposing that one of her birds had afflicted, with his little Testament in his hand, escaped from its cage, and remained in the room, he thought he would turn to the epistles where she attempted to dislodge it from its supposed he would most easily find some precious proconcealment. No bird, however, made its ap- mis but his book was upside down; so that, pearance, but a mouse was startled from beneath withont intending it, he opened on the gospels. the bureau, and ran to another part of the room, The first text which met his eye was this : where it recommenced its song. It was caught " They found a man of Cyrene, Simon by and confined in a cage, which it has now in- name; him they compelled to bear his cross.” habited about six weeks, having become quite “ You know," he added, Simon is the same tame, and evidently recognising individuals, by name as Simeon. What a word of instruction showing more familiar regard to its keeper than was here-what a blessed hint for my encouto strangers.
ragement--to have the cross laid upon me that “It is seldom entirely silent, except when I might bear it after Jesus! What a privilege ! sleeping, almost constantly emitting a low chirp- It was enough. Now I could leap and sing for ing series of notes, resembling somewhat the joy, as one whom Jesus was honouring with a twitter produced by a nest of young birds. As participation in his sufferings.” Through all the evening advances its musical disposition is the provocations which he received, and they more fully developed, until, usually towards mid- were many, he was enabled to act in the spirit night, its notes increase in power, compass and of that passage, « The servant of the Lord variety; it then frequently pours forth a gush of must not strive." His trials appear indeed to melody, resembling the song of a canary bird, have been greatly blessed to him. It is touchbut softer and less shrill than the notes of the ing to find him in after life, when an object feathered songster."
T. S. of almost universal respect, and even reverence,
referring to these times of affliction as a means by which he was deepened in the knowledge of
himself. Besides an irritable temper, Simeon CHARLES SIMEON.
had a disposition prone to self-gratulation, as
well as to excessive activity. The following (Continued from page 149.)
incident is related by his biographer in conA few months after Simeon had commenced nection with the former of these failings. He his ministry, the incumbent of one of the largest had a singular, not to say a morbid sensitiveparishes in Cambridge died. The parishioners ness, about certain trifling actions. A servant were in favour of another individual as his suc- stirred the fire awkwardly; Simeon turned round cessor, but through his father's influence Simeon and hit the man a thump on the back to stay his was presented to the living. The people were proceedings; and soon after, some delay (occamuch excited. They not only refused to attend, sioned by a mistake about a bridle) caused anibut locked up their pews—the wardens removed other unseemly ebullition of temper. After he the temporary seats which he had provided at was gone, the friend at whose house he had his own expense. He established an evening been staying, forwarded to him a note purportlecture, but they shut the doors against him, ing to be written by the servant, expressing surand he was fairly driven to meet those who prise that a gentleman who could preach and desired to hear him at a room hired for the pur- pray so well, should be angry about nothing, pose. For ten years did these unhappy disputes and not wear a bridle upon his own tongue. vex his spirit-nor did his excitable temper and The letter was signed John Softly, and soon the ardour of his zeal always yield as promptly after brought the following characteristic answer: as might have been desired to the dictates of Christian prudence. Yet he showed no bitter
“ To John Softly.-I most cordially thank God bless them with enlightening, sanctifying and will endeavour, with God's help, to make a ness of feeling towards his persecutors— May you, my dear friend, for your kind and season
able reproof. I feel it both just and necessary; and saving grace,
was his sincere
prayer for them. His style was peculiar: ardent and im- suitable improvement of it. If it do not produce passioned, his manner was sometimes earnest
its proper effects, I shall be exceedingly thankeven to grotesqueness—faithful and fearless, nei- ful for a second edition of it. I trust your prether his subjects nor his illustrations were always
cious balm will not break my head, but I hope very fastidiously chosen; and those who had it will soften the spirit of your much indebted
friend, long been soothed by the elegant address and
CHARLES PROUD AND IRRITABLE.” the eloquent words of some such clergyman as Having on one occasion preached, as he Cowper has pourtrayed, found much in the thought, with some sense of the Divine preyoung preacher to excite ridicule or disgust. sence, he says he found towards the end Satan
Many years after, when conversing with a working powerfully on his corrupt, vain heart, friend on the contempt and derision of which which made him pray fervently against his he was the object at this time, he mentioned | power. When he went home, a friend whom
(To be continued.)
he greatly esteemed said nothing in favour of by dwelling upon little injuries, or insults, or the sermon, but pointed out its defects. “What a provocations, causes them to agitate and inflame blessing,” adds Simeon," an inestimable bless- his mind. How much better were it to put a ing is it to have a faithful friend! Satan is bandage over the wound and never look at it ready enough to point out whatever good we again. have, but it is only a faithful friend that will screen that from your sight and show you your deficiencies." * How long are we," he exclaims, “ learning
FRIENDS' REVIEW. the true nature of Christianity! A quiet, sober, diligent application of one's mind to one's parti- PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 4, 1847. cular calling in life, and a watchfulness over the evils of the heart, seem very poor attainments The review of the life of William Allen, which to a young Christian : we must be everywhere has occupied a place in several of our former and everything, or else we are nothing, in his numbers, is suspended in the present, to be esteem; oh! thanks to our meek and lowly resumed 'at an early date. A number of interesting Teacher-how he bears with us!”
The force of truth, the Christian kindness incidents, and to some of our readers probably the and forbearance of Simeon, and the effects which most instructive parts of his course, are yet to his self-denial and devotedness were producing appear. upon many around him, at length relieved him from that bitter opposition which he had so long The observations of a valued correspondent on encountered, and as he advanced in life he was the correct use of the plain language, which permitted to see the results of his labours, not appear in this number, are in our apprehension only in the greater regard manifested towards worthy of serious reflection. The general deviation himself, but in the increased estimate which was placed upon sacred things by those amongst matical use of the pronoun in the second person
among Friends in this country, from the gramwhom he was principally conversant. Henry Martyn, a name endeared to those who can ap- singular
, has probably a deeper foundation than preciate the value of an early and entire sacrifice is generally imagined. A person who speaks of self,
correctly in this respect, is apt to be considered as
rather more strict, something more like a primitive -“ to relinquish all We have or hope, of happiness and joy,
Quaker, than one who conforms to the common And stand in freedom loosened from this world,” usage. Perhaps a rigid scrutiny would lead to the
, appears to have been first deeply impressed conclusion, that a fear of being thus regarded through his instrumentality. Several instances operates as the principal reason for avoiding the are related of individuals who had been deeply rejected pronoun. And is not a similar appre
hension the real objection with implicated in the outrages of which Simeon was
our young the object, having become truly pious and de- people to a plain dress, or the use of the plain voted men ; and ascribing their changes to his language in any form. The editor can assure his instrumentality. He lived, indeed, to exert an readers, from an experience of nearly fifty years, influence over the students at Cambridge, of that the real difficulty in the case is almost wholly which there are few examples; and this influ- in the commencement. Let any man who underence was mainly to be ascribed to the purity stands the English language, determine to speak and elevation of his Christian character. The grammatically whenever he speaks at all, and the following characteristic extract from his Diary pronoun thou will soon take its place as submis. may serve the double purpose of exhibiting his peculiar style of illustration, and conveying a
sively as any member of the family. lesson of great practical value. « The occurrences of almost every day show me what cause
We have admitted a notice of a phenomenon I have to bless and adore God for enabling me which, if not new in natural history, is at least to carry into effect a very simple principle, which curious. We have understood that several instances brings the sweetest peace into my soul. It is have been discovered, in which these troublesome this: a man strikes me with a sword and inflicts little creatures have exhibited a faculty similar to a wound; suppose, instead of binding up the wound, I am showing it to every body; and, of interest to the naturalist, if we could ascertain
that of the feathered race. It would be a subject after it is bound up, I am taking off the bandage continually and examining the depth of the whether singing birds were kept in all the houses wound, and making it fester, till my limb be- where these fur clad songsters have exhibited their comes greatly inflamed and my general health is powers. Pritchard, in his Physical History of Man, materially affected. Is there a person that would remarks, that men and animals, possessing an not call me a fool? Now such a fool is he, who, l ample supply of the comforts of life, are much more
accustomed to develope varieties, than those in they believe or know. Those, of course, who savage life. Thus, wild animals of the same species wield these potent engines, have much to answer are mostly of one colour, while domestic ones are for, if they use them to corrupt the principles or greatly diversified. And varieties once formed vitiate the morals of the people. frequently become hereditary. Perhaps the ad- While writers and publishers act thus powmirers of canary birds might take a hint from erfully on the community at large, they are themthese facts, and raise up a race of rival songsters. selves little less efficiently acted upon by their
readers. An author does not willingly produce, or Light READING.–Whoever takes the trouble of a printer designedly publish, a work which few or exploring the shelves of a large library, or of read.
none will read. In literature, as well as in arts ing a catalogue of the books which it contains, and manufactures, it is the demand which stimumust perceive, that if all these books are ever to be lates the production. Works of fancy and fiction read and understood, the labour must be divided are written and published, because they find read. amongst numerous individuals. As the philosopher,
We may therefore conclude, that every one upon observing the luxuries of an opulent city, ex
who purchases a look, does something towards claimed, how many things are here which I do not producing another; and if the book is of a worthwant, so the visitor of an extensive library may
less or deleterious character, encouragement is justly cry out, how many books are here which í given to bring into existence a subsequent one, of shall never read. Even the most assiduous student a similar description. who devotes himself to a particular object, will Now, independently of the effect, upon authorhardly find time to peruse all the works which are ship or publication, which the choice of our books really valuable, in the line of his studies. Those may produce, it is of importance to consider, when who read for the purpose of storing their minds we are spending our time in the perusa! of a book, with the treasures of science, must rest content not merely whether it is likely to fill the mind with selections from the countless volumes which with what is positively evil, but whether it may abound in the world; for it is clearly impracticable inflict a negative injury, by the exclusion of someto examine them all. It is, therefore, highly im. thing more profitable. There are, unquestionably, portant that books designed for instruction should many literary productions, in which we can find be judiciously selected. The student, who spends but little which bears the appearance of corruption a part of his time in the perusal of a book, from or error; nothing may be visible which alarms the which no valuable information has been derived, conscience, or stimulates any vicious propensity ; feels
, or ought to feel, that a treasure, which cannot and yet we may search them in vain for a passage be recovered, has been wasted. It is no trivial which can give ardour to virtue, or confidence to reproach to an author, that he has written a book truth; for anything which inspires reverence for which is not worth reading. And a book which, our Creator or benevolence to man; for aught when read, leaves the reader no wiser or better which enriches the understanding or meliorates the than he was before, is to him hardly worth read. affections. Works of amusement, if they take no ing. It is, therefore, imperative upon authors, that higher aim, may be regarded as pilferers of time. they should avoid swelling the mass of literature, They steal away the season of improvement. To without a reasonable prospect of improving their estimate the evil they effect, we must take into readers in knowledge or virtue. Every book which view the good they exclude. But perhaps the is thrown before the public, if not calculated to greatest amount of injury inflicted by this species answer the purpose for which books ought to be of reading, lies in the habit and disposition which made, may be considered as a new temptation to it fosters. When the mind is habitually indulged the young and inexperienced, to waste a portion of in trivial amusements, it becomes naturally, if not their time.
necessarily, averse to serious employment. The It may indeed be said, that writers will and mind, like the body, is moulded to its accustomed must consult the taste of their readers; and that no exercise. It is exertion which produces energy of books which do not conform to that taste, will be muscle or intellect. Reading for amusement, and for extensively read. This is unquestionably true ; ainusement alone, may be called active indolence; yet we are not to forget that the mind, as well as and indolence, whether active or passive, produces the body, is nourished by what it feeds upon; and relaxation. that the taste of some readers is formed, in great If the young would impart energy to their intelmeasure, from the books which they are in the lectual or physical powers, there is no other course habit of reading. The assertion is undoubtedly so likely to effect it as the steady pursuit of some true, that, in a reading community, the people are valuable and important object. Let them employ indebted to the pen and press for much of what the time devoted to books upon those which afford
d objects of thought, which enlarge and enrich the hoped they will soberly inquire whether the Unite understanding, which stimulate the benevolent af. States have any claim upon the Republic of Mexifections, and above all, those which inspire a pro- co, which, in either a moral or political view, can found reverence for the Author of our existence. justify the further prosecution of this murderous A mind devoted to the higher objects of thought, conflict. While we consider war, on any pretext and particularly one habitually engaged in explor. and for any purpose, totally incompatible with the ing the field of creation, or the walks of science, Christian character, we think that in the case befinds in such employments a much more keen as fore
us, the citizens of this Republic are authorized well as rational delight, than light and trifling to demand of their official organs an explicit and amusement of any kind can possibly afford. It unquestionable statement, what claims we have ought to be remembered that the Creator, who upon our Southern neighbours, which we have a made nothing in vain, did not confer time upon his right to urge, and which they refuse to yield. If rational creatures to be spent without definite pur- an onerous debt is to be saddled upon us and our pose. The unprofitable servant who buried his posterity for ages to come, and the lives of untalent in the earth, was not charged with applying counted numbers are to be sacrificed upon the it to any evil purpose. His offence was neglecting field of battle, we ought at least to be informed what to improve it. The pleasure obtained from light advantages are to be gained, or what evils avoided reading may be described in the language of the at so tremendous a cost. Congress have the power, prophet. It shall even be as when a hungry man by withholding the supplies, to check the rage of d reameth and behold he eateth; but he awaketh war: will they so far neglect their duty as to enand his soul is empty; or as when a thirsty man courage its continuance ? dreameth and behold he drinketh, but he awaketh and behold he is faint, and his soul hath appetite. A great freshet has recently occurred on the
When we speak of time spent in fruitless amuse- Kanawha river, by which the salt works located ments we are apt to suppose that allusion is made there have been extensively injured. The water to the young; but this is not necessarily the case. is represented to have been higher than at any Probably books of the lighter character are less fre former time within the last eighteen years. quently seen in the circles of the aged than among the junior class, yet let us strictly scrutinize their The town of Columbus, Indiana, which conconversation and employments, and we must admit tained about six hundred inhabitants, is reported in that no inconsiderable portion of time, even among the news from Cincinnati, to have been destroyed the aged and the grave, is permitted to slide away by fire. and leave nothing behind it. When, from the approaches of age, and the possession of a compe- The MARKET.-Flour rates from $6.25 to $6.50 tency, men release themselves from the cares of per barrel. Rye, $5.25. Indian meal, $3. Wheat, business, there is danger of falling into habits of from $1.35 to $1.45 per bushel. Rye, 90 cents. inactivity, quite unfavourable to the preservation of Indian corn, old 70 cts; new 56 cts. . Beef, $6.25. their mental or physical powers. It is certainly Pork, $6.50 to $7. Lard, 8 to 10 cts. Feathers, desirable, and agreeable to the indications of na- western, 35 to 38 cts. ture, that the decline of life should witness an exemption from the more active duties of middle Abridged from the North British Review, for Friends' Review. age, yet there are objects suited to the later as well
CHINA. as earlier periods of our day, to attract and stimu
Concluded from page 151.) late exertion, and preserve our faculties from the rust of indolence. Those who desire to experience vernment permitting a general toleration of all
There is no State religion in China, the Gogreen and vigorous age, should be careful to keep sects. The doctrines of Confucius are adopted their powers, intellectual and physical, in profitable by the literary class, and a considerable proporaction; and to spend the evening of life in a man- tion of the people. Instead of a religion, it may ner which will furnish a well grounded hope that rather be termed a system of philosophy, comthe talents received may be delivered with the monplace enough, and possessing no great depth, proper increase,
yet of a practical worldly nature, suited to the
tone of the general mind. It consists chiefly of The time has very nearly arrived when the great on the existence or nature of Deity, or allusions
moral and political maxims, and avoids entering councils of the nation will again convene at Wash
to a future state. ington. Among the objects which must claim Budhism, introduced from India, probably their attention, the most prominent and exciting about the commencement of the Christian era, will probably be, the Mexican war. It is to be has spread to a considerable extent in China;
but it is less its mysticism and abstract specu- / would were this not rectified by what appears a lations than its image-worship, its external ob- strange adjustment, servances, and its monastic system, which have “ In England,” says Mr. Meadows, “we trust taken hold of the people's minds. In general, a man because we put some confidence in his its priests and votaries are extremely ignorant, own honesty, and because we know we car, few comparatively being able to read or write, through the law, obtain redress for breach of and it is only the lower and more ignorant classes trust. In China, people place little or no conof the population who belong to this religion. fidence in each other's honesty, and there is so Budhist temples and monastic institutions are much uncertainty, difficulty, and even danger, in not unfrequent in the cities and country, but in obtaining redress for breach of trust or contract, general they are on the decay, and are regarded by applying to the authorities, that few will venby the people with less interest and reverence ture on an application. Every Chinese, therethan formerly. Yet image-worship is in uni- fore, who expects to have any kind of trust versal practice. Their temples, houses, streets, placed in him, is provided with a guarantee, of a
a roads, hills, rivers, carriages, and ships, are full standing and respectability sufficient, in proporof idols, and their houses and shops, and cor- tion to the nature and extent of the trust
, who, ners of their streets, are plastered with charms, according to the custom makes himself responamulets, and emblems of idolatry, In external sible, in the fullest sense of the word, for any forms and regulations, there are singular coinci- unfaithfulness on the part of the person guarandences between the Romish religion and Budh- tied. It may be objected that the guarantee himism. The existence of monasteries and nun- self might violate his guaranty—and at first sight neries, the celibacy, the tonsure, the flowing there certainly appears no cause why he should robes and the peculiar caps of the priesthood, the not; he is, however, effectually prevented from burning of incense, the tinkling of bells, the ro- this by the power of public opinion. Every man, saries of beads, the intonation of service, the without reflecting deeply on the subject, feels prayers in an unknown tongue, purgatory, and that some reliable bond of mutual security is the offerings for the dead in their temples, and, necessary; the guaranty form, by the general above all, the titles of their principal goddess, consent of the nation, is that bond in China, and the “Queen of Heaven,” and “Holy Mother," any man who would venture deliberately to conrepresented by the image of a woman with a temn it, would lose, what to most people is of male child in her arms-present features of mu- the highest importance—the good opinion of all tual resemblance which must strike every one. classes of society, and the fellowship of his own;
In fact, Budhism in China appears to be a while even in a pecuniary point of view, he would mere religion of external form. The most in- not be permitted to deriie any benefit from his telligent of its priests do not believe its doctrines, breach of good faith. I may state as a fact, that and even on its more ignorant votaries it can I have never yet known an instance of a Chinese have no heart influence.
openly violating a guaranty known to have been As little effect does the cold and liseless mo- given by him; and though I have remarked that rality of Confucius appear to exercise on the under strong temptations they will sometimes try characters of the mass of the people. With to evade it, yet instances of this are extremely naturally mild dispositions, and patient and in- rare, and they generally come promptly forward dustrious habits, they have no regard for truth to meet all the consequences of their responsithey are guided by expediency alone, and will bility." lie, deceive, and cheat, just as it suits their own Another prominent rice of the Chinese is personal interest. No high or pure motives opium smoking. This to a certain extent has actuate them. They look with great indiffer- been practised for a long period, but of late years ence, or even levity, on the misfortunes of their has increased. An opium house in Ainoy is companions, and though vanity and self-conceit thus described by Mr. Smith:make them boastful, yet they have no true and “The first opium house which we entered was genuine patriotic love for their country. Their situated close to the entrance to the Taou-lais unimpassioned nature does not permit them to be palace. Four or five rooms, in different parts ferocious or terribly wrathsul, but they have a of a square court, were occupied by men stretched host of minor vices, and a few of the more en- out on a rude kind of couch, on which lay a nobling active virtues of humanity. Thus they head pillow, with lamps, pipes, and other appaare sensual, coldly cruel, insincere, mendacious, ratus for smoking opium. In one part of the devoid of general philanthropy. Yet it must be principal room the proprietor stood, with delicate allowed that they have the domestic attachments steel-yards, weighing out the prepared drug, -filial piety—a sense of gratitude, and a cool which was of a dark, thick, semi-fluid consistand reasonable way of settling and cementing ency. A little company of opium smokers, who disputes. From the general insincerity and du- had come hither to indulge in the expensive plicity which prevails, one would be apt to sup- fumes, or to feast their eyes with the sight of pose that a total want of confidence in the ordi- that which increasing poverty had placed beyond nary affairs of life would be common, and so it their reach, soon gathered around us, and en