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For Friends' Review,
excite great alarm in the minds of the bystanders." Cold was applied to the head, brandy and MELANCHOLY AND FATAL ACCIDENT. water given, fresh air freely admitted, and, after “Leaves have their time to fall, a time, the cataleptic symptoms disappeared, and And flow'rs to wither in the north wind's breath, were succeeded by severe hysteria, with about And stars to set ;—but all
Thou hast all seasons for thine own, oh Death!” the same degree of consciousness usual in that disease. When taken to the door he complained We have rarely a more striking evidence of of cold-afterwards had severe cramp in the the truth of this sentiment, than in the death of legs, and the difficult breathing still continuing. J. McHenry Boyd, who died at the United These alarming symptoms continued for more States Hotel, in this city, on the afternoon of than an hour. At last, when he attempted to Fourth-day, the 8th inst. The papers of the day rise, he staggered about like a drunken man, and state that she was a wealthy and accomplished suffered from exhaustion and giddiness till he gentleman of Baltimore,” where, on the mornretired to bed, and although he slept well, he still ing of the 4th, he was married to a young woman complained of languor the next morning. of highly respectable connections at Havre de
The limits of the Review would not permit Grace, Maryland. an extended notice of the cases that have been Intending to proceed immediately to Europe, reported, in which unpleasant effects were no- they arrived in Philadelphia the day on which ticed—although these are, there is scarcely a their hands were united in marriage, fondly apdoubt, vastly below the real number; for it re- prehending, no doubt, that a long period of quires much less moral courage to give to the pub- mutual enjoyment was opening before them. On lic, results that are gratifying and fortunate, than that same evening, as the young man was adjustto acknowledge, that, even with the best motives, ing the articles in one of his trunks, among which we have been the means of producing distressing were a couple of loaded pistols, one of them or possibly fatal results. It may not be amiss, went off, and drove the ball through his body. however, to say, that a large proportion of the The most efficient medical aid that this city and medical profession still have doubts of the pro- Baltimore could render, was unable to repair priety of using the ether, and with every wish the deadly injury. He died in less than four to save their patients from pain, they feel it a days. duty to refrain from its use. Time will yet be
Comment is unnecessary. While we would required to place the remedy on its true basis, sympathise with the stricken and bereaved, we and, as has been justly remarked, “ the real desire to remember the solemn injunction, “be danger to which it is exposed, arises from the ye also ready.”
z. precipitate encomiums of its friends, and the reckless manner in which it appears to be made
COMMUNICATION OF TIME BY THE ELECTRIC TELEuse of, without reference to, and by persons utterly incapable of judging of, the normal or diseased physical peculiarities of the pa. making arrangements to communicate the true
The Electric Telegraph Company are now tient."
It seems to be pretty generally conceded that time, as observed daily at the Royal Observatory there is a large class of persons, in whom the at Greenwich, to every station on the various use of ether would be improper if not danger
lines of railway where the company has a teleous. All who have organic disease of the heart graph station, and of course, to all large towns or lungs—or large vessels-or who are disposed throughout the kingdom. It is now the daily to determinations of blood to the head-should practice at Greenwich, at 1 P. M., to indicate carefully avoid it; and it is probable that those the true time by dropping a ball from the upper disposed to insanity or hysterical disease might part of the Observatory, which, being telegraphed be injured by it.
to the Admiralty, and signalled to the shipping What may be the moral effects of its general
on the Thames, enables ship chronometers to be employment as a means of preventing pain, or adjusted. The Telegraph Company intend that inducing a state of insensibility, the writer does the ball, immediately upon being detached at the not wish to discuss—but it may be worthy of top of its fall, should strike a spring, which, con
nected with the various lines of electric wires of attention.
The foregoing remarks, it may be stated, in the company, will instantly strike a bell at conclusion, are not intended to prevent a proper practicable, but what in all probability will be a
, it and inculcate great caution in all, and to give in a matter of daily experience ere very long, that very cursory manner, some of the views of those before the ball at Greenwich Observatory shall whose experience has led them to very different have reached the ground in its fall
, the electric conclusions from those of the writer in the last bell at Manchester will have struck and been number of the Review.
set ringing; so that we shall know it is 1 P. M.
at Greenwich, before the ball announcing the fact 12th mo., 1847.
has finished falling a few feet.—Lond. Mec. Mag.
Selected for Friends' Review.
" In this great temple built by Thee,
Whose altars are divine,Beneath yon lamp, that ceaselessly
Lights up thine own true shrine : Oh take my latest sacrifice!
Look down and make this sod Holy as that where long ago,
The Hebrew met his God?
THE OLD MAN'S FUNERAL. I saw an aged man upon his bier;
His hair was thin and white upon his brow; A record of the cares of many a year
Cares that were ended and forgotten now; And there was sadness round, and faces bowed, And women's tears fell fast, and children wailed aloud. Then rose another hoary man, and said,
In faltering accents to that weeping train“Why mourn ye, that our ancient friend is dead ?—
Ye are not sad to see the gathered grain : Nor when the mellow fruit the orchards cast, Nor when the yellow woods shake down the ripened
"I have known thee in the whirlwind,
I have known thee on the hill;
And the music of the rill.
I saw thee in the light,
And worshipped in the night.
Still made my heart rejoice;
To hear thy still small voice.
“ Ye sigh not when the sun, his race fulfilled,
His glorious course rejoicing earth and sky, In the soft evening when the winds are still’d,
“ I have not dimmed the widow's eye,
Nor caused the orphan's tears ; I have not mocked the mourner's cry,
Nor stained the virgin's years.
Have ever been most sweet,
My shoes were off my feet!
Far from thy presence driven,
Shut out from Thee and Heaven.
My fathers sowed the storm ? Or shrink, because another sinned,
Beneath thy “red right arm ?”
And much is all unknown!
I turn to Thee alone !
And what is dark, reveal,
And what is broken, heal!
Sinks where his islands of refreshment lie, And leaves the smiles of his departure spread, O’er the warmed, coloured heaven, and ruddy mountain
“Why weep ye then for him, who having run
Thé bounds of man's appointed years, at last, Life's blessings all enjoyed, lise's labours done,
Serenely to his final rest has past ? Whilst the soft memory of his virtues yet Lingers like twilight hues, when the bright sun is set. “ His youth was innocent; his riper age
Marked by some act of goodness every day,
Faded his late declining years away:
Thanks for the fair existence that was his;
To rack him with her phantom miseries.
And glad that he has gone to his reward,
Softly to disengage the vital chord,
Selected for Friends' Review.
THE DYING HEBREW'S PRAYER.
His eye was dim and old;
And his blood was thin and cold.
Beneath a stranger air;
As all my fathers were.
( feel it is not Thine :
On me, as them to shine.
HYMN OF THE BLIND GIRL. My friends, by ministry of love
Are only known to me; And countless blessings gracious Lord,
Acquaint my soul with Thee ! I know that earth is beautiful,
Though darkened are mine eyes, Thus, Faith reveals to Christians here
The glories of the skies.
That hides both day and night-
My ever present light.”
DIED,—On the 17th of Seventh month last, at the residence of her father, near Wilmington, Del., Ann, youngest daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth Stapler, in the 13th
year of her age, after a severe illness of 30 hours.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
tion. The interview which we are about to
relate, was, however, prior to the completion of Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum, this work. No. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, When our friends arrived at Petersburg, the PHILADELPHIA.
Emperor was absent, and after his return, his Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six attention was engrossed by various objects, incopies for ten dollars.
cluding the decease of a beloved sister; so that This paper is subject to newspaper postage only.
an interview with him was not obtained until
the 10th of 2d month (1819.). Of this visit we For Friends' Review.
have the subsequent notice: LIFE OF WILLIAM ALLEN.
* Here was not the least pomp. The servants
had no sword, nor any livery or uniform. The (Continued from page 196.)
Emperor was in a small apartment; the whole S. Grellet and W. Allen spent nearly three very neat and plain.
He received us very months at or near the Russian capital,' before kindly, and we were soon sensible of the renewal they found an opportunity to visit the Emperor. of those feelings which we had experienced Yet during this time they were busily employed, when with him before.* He conversed with us allowing themselves but little space for relaxa- in the openness of friendship, inquired respecttion or repose.
They visited the mansions of ing what we had seen since our arrival, &c., the great, and the abodes of the poor; those, and seemed to retain a lively impression of our particularly, which were provided by charitable interview in London, and of the meeting for individuals for the support of the destitute. An worship, which he attended when Count Lieven object which they kept steadily in view, in their took me off so unexpectedly to show them the intercourse with the wealthy and powerful, was way. We had a most satisfactory opportunity to inculcate the importance of extending the together, in which we were renewedly convinced benefits of education to the poorer classes, and that the Emperor was favoured with clear views to encourage the efforts which they frequently respecting the only sure foundation, and that he witnessed, for the accomplishment of this object. was sensible of something of that divine fellowAnd William Allen had the satisfaction to be ship which the sincere in heart are often perhold the beneficial results of his labour with mitted to experience. He loves vital religion. the Emperor, at the time of his visit to London, With regard to the works on which Daniel between four and five years before,
Wheeler is employed, he told us that it was not In his visits to the seminaries in the neigh- alone for the sake of having his land drained and bourhood of Petersburg, William Allen observed, cultivated that he formed that establishment, but with much solicitude, that some of the lessons in order to bring over some persons of our princithen in use, were extracted from the works of ples to settle there. We told him of our further infidel writers of the French school ; and anxious prospects, and he said we should be pleased to advance the religious, as well as literary im- with some of the people in the South, but he provement of the rising generation, he formed expressed a tender concern and sympathy for us, the design of furnishing reading books, composed on hearing that we thought we might go to Conof selections from the Holy Scriptures. With stantinople. On dear Stephen telling him of the his characteristic energy, he soon began, in con- way in which he had been led in this journey, cert with his travelling companion, and a few and that although in other countries he had felt pious coadjutors, to make the proper extracts, it his duty to have public meetings, at some of beginning with the four Evangelists. By perse- which a large number of persons were present, vering industry, literally working at it night and yet now he felt that the service lay more in conday, in a little more than two weeks they com- versation and private religious intercourse with pleted their selections, which being presented to individuals, the Emperor beautifully remarked, the Emperor, he was so much pleased with it, that if we attended to the impulse of the Holy that he immediately ordered eight thousand roubles to be paid, to defray the expense of an edi-|
* In 1814. See page 114.
Spiri He would keep us out of every thing, mental retirement and inward prayer, and we which might be improper or hurtful in its conse- had a short but solemn time of silence. Dear quences, and would support us in the perform- Stephen, at length, kneeled down, and was ance of our duty, whatever that might be. We sweetly engaged in supplication; the Emperor mentioned the state of the poor, and the pleasure also knelt, and I thought divine goodness was we had felt in visiting the two schools for the near us. Soon after this we took our leave, and soldiers upon our plan, but we urged the necessity he shook hands with us most affectionately. of an immediate attention to the reading lessons, As we were retiring, he turned to me and parforcibly stating the excellent opportunity which ticularly requested that, in the course of our the school plan afforded for the introduction of journey, I would send him, freely, any remarks lessons from the Holy Scriptures. At this he that might occur upon what we saw, which I was quite animated, and said that was the very promised to do. We were, in the whole, about wish of his heart, and that he was taking steps iwo hours with him, and left him at eight o'clock. to get the Scriptures read, instead of sermons We heard, afterwards, that he drove off immeand other things of mere human invention. We diately to the Princess Mestchersky, we having told him that we had already been at work upon told him that she had a copy of the Scripture a selection of gospel lessons for schools, to con- Lessons, used in our schools in England." sist solely of extracts from the Holy Scriptures. About a month after this time, a second visit With this he seemed much pleased, and wished was paid to the Emperor, at which several imto have them; but we begged leave to be permit- portant subjects were brought under discussion. ted to transmit them to him through our friends, The lessons already mentioned had by that time Papof and the Prince Alexander Galitzin, to been completed and presented to the Emperor, which he assented, expressing the comfort and who expressed his thankfulness that the Divine satisfaction he felt in having some persons about Spirit had sent them there at that critical time, him who had vital religion at heart.
to make this system of instruction the medium “ He inquired of us about prisons, and we for imprinting the truths of revealed religion on could but express our sentiments fully upon the the minds of millions. Upon the neglected conpresent system here, and in our own country. dition of the poorest class of females being noI said that the general state of prisons was too ticed, he informed them that he had been told by much alike in all countries; that mankind had, his mother, the remarks which they had made to for ages, been going on upon a system, which her on that subject; that he would certainly seemed to have vengeance for its object, rather attend to their case, and that he had, on the than reform - they went upon the principle of preceding day, given orders for the establishretaliation. Society had suffered an injury from ment of six schools for the education of girls, the criminal, and therefore it seemed to be The subject of peace coming under discussion, thought right to make the criminal suffer, and they were given to understand, that the Empethat, by taking signal vengeance on him, others ror's reason for keeping so large an army was, might be deterred. Now, as it was pretty gene that the peasants, who were slaves, after serving rally acknowledged that this plan had univer- as soldiers and receiving their discharge, became sally failed, it was high time to try another, more free. He was discharging great numbers, and consonant with the spirit of the Christian religion, filling their places with new recruits; and was more rational, and better adapted to human na- endeavouring to support schools among the sol
We then described E. J. Fry's exertions diers, to prepare them for freedom. at Newgate, and the success which appeared In speaking upon religious subjects, he into have attended them; we adverted to what formed them that his mind had been visited, at Walter Venning had been doing upon that sub- an early age, with the touches of Divine love, ject here, but forebore to press any thing, as the though he did not then know from whence they Emperor already had the statement: the matter came; but that these tender impressions had seemed to be near his heart. I expressed my been much dissipated by the tutor to whom he firm conviction that what the Emperor did in was committed, whose principles were poisoned his dominions, would react powerfully upon by the infidel philosophy of the French school. England, and facilitate that reform in our prisons, It was not till the year 1812,* that he read the which the friends of humanity were so anxious Bible ; but having read a litile, he was eager to to promote. We told him that we had visited read more; for he found it bore witness to what all the prisons, schools, &c., in our way from he had previously felt of the operations of the Abo, and he was very desirous to have our Holy Spirit in his own mind. When they were remarks. I accordingly promised him extracts about to depart, the Emperor expressed a desire from my notes, which he said I might send im- that they might sit a while in silence, observing mediately to him; but here, as before, we begged that the Great Master had promised 10 be with to be permitted to send them through Papof and the two or three. After a season of solemn the Prince.
silence, Stephen made an acceptable and impres“Afer some farther conversation, the Emperor desired that we might have a liitle pause for • He was then about thirty-five years of age.
sive communication, subsequent to which William founded and endowed by a single individual, Allen kneeled down, and poured out his petition Count Schérémetoff, one of the richest noblemen to the throne of grace, Alexander kneeling by in Russia, who gave two millions, five hundred his side. The separation which ensued, after a thousand roubles for this object, and the revenues solemn pause, was particularly pathetic. Thus arising for ever from eight thousand four hundred we find that in the palace of Catharine, and and fourty-four peasants,* who each pay a ceramidst the turmoil of her profligate court, the tain sum annually. The regulations and sancday spring from on high was visiting some of its tion bear date 1803 ; the Count died in 1809, inmates.
and the house, which took some years in buildWhen our friends were ready to leave the ing, was opened in 1810. It is destined to lodge, Russian capital, they were furnished by Prince board, and maintain entirely, one hundred indiGalitzin, with letters to all the governors of the gent persons, of both sexes, of free condition, provinces through which they expected to pass. and good morals and character ; one half of them “Thus,” observes William Allen, “our gracious to consist of persons of a very advanced age, Master is fulfilling his promise to us, when, in a who are destitute, and the other half, those who degree of faith, we leaned upon his arm to enter are maimed or afflicted with incurable diseases. upon an untrodden path; it is all his doing, for The second part consists of a hospital, into we feel that without him we have no strength.” which fifty poor persons, of both sexes and all
The time having arrived when our friends conditions, with diseases not deemed incurable, believed it right to leave Petersburg, they set are to be received and taken care of, gratis. The out on a species of sledge used in that country; third part of the charity consists of an annual visiting a few places, and endeavouring to engage distribution of twenty thousand roubles to poor those persons of influence and wealth whom families out of the house, who may be judged they found in their way, to unite in meliorating worthy of it; and all this endowed in perpetuity the condition of the poor, of whose suffering by one individual. Every thing about the house situation some affecting instances came into their is in a princely style, and it seems impossible view; and they arrived, near the end of Third that the neatness and cleanliness of the establishmonth, at Moscow, the ancient capital of Russia. ment throughout could be exceeded. The By the time they reached that city, they found charity is not restricted to country or religion, the snow so far reduced, as to show that they for we saw natives of Sweden and other counhad left Petersburg just at the right time, not tries settled in this comfortable asylum. All are having a day to spare.
at free liberty to exercise their own religion, and From this place William Allen transmitted to though there is a large magnificent chapel for the the Princess Sophia Mestchersky, mentioned in Greek church in the house, none but the memour last number, a plan for improving the condi-bers of that church are required to attend. This tion and morals of the poor at Tver, a town liberality might put the high church of England through which they had passed, and where she to the blush." was then residing. In this he gave such advice Of a hospital at Moscow for the reception of as his extensive acquaintance with benevolent children, we have the following account. engagements in his own country, and in those 6. There were one thousand one hundred and through which he had travelled, qualified him to forty-six children in the house ; and seven thouimpart. The education of poor girls, finding sand seven hundred and forty-nine were taken employment for destitute females, and visiting care of out of the house. After the age of inthe prisons in which women were the inmates, fancy, they are divided into six classes, and they appear to have constituted the leading features appear to receive their education here. Great of the plan.
cleanliness and order prevailed, and the children A prominent portion of their service, while at generally appeared healthy. The excellent arMoscow, was to visit the prisons. Of these rangements of this institution are a striking evithere were no less than twenty of the inferior dence of what may be effected, when talent and sort. The principal prison owed some of its good feeling, united with the influence of exalted improvements to the benevolent John How- rank, are devoted to the best interests of huard. In the hospital attached to this prison, our manity. The director stated, that during four friends had the satisfaction to find a number of years, corporeal punishment had never been incopies of the New Testament, and several tracts Aicted but twice; when anything is wrong in which the Princess Mestchersky had translated. the conduct of the children, he said, he uniformly These copies of the New Testament were pro- succeeded by remonstrance and advice. One bably the production of the Imperial presses which they saw at Petersburg; and the tracts *Many of the peasants in Russia are in a condition appear to have been furnished to the Princess nearly similar to those formerly styled villeins regardby William Allen.
ant, in England, who were slaves attached to the soil. Of a magnificent establishment at Moscow, the But other peasants occupy and cultivate the land, pay
ing to the owner a fixed sum, and retaining the rest of subjoined account is given. “ Its name signifies the produce themselves. The peasants alluded to in a house for the poor and strangers ; it was the text, were probably of the latter description.