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hundred and twenty of the boys are selected to well revive the declaration that God is no rebe taught the higher branches of learning, in specter of persons, but in every nation he that order to prepare them for physicians, surgeons, feareth him and worketh righteousness is ac&c., and all the rest learn some useful mechanical cepted with him.' art. A certain number of the girls are also se

(To be continuedy i lected to receive a superior education, that they may be qualified to go out as governesses in

For Friends' Review. noblemen's families. In the summer, the Em

REBECCA JONES. press Mother sends every class of the children, for two weeks at a time each, into the country Truly was it said by Solomon, " The memory for change of air.

of the just is blessed." And whilst reverently “We were much pleased with seeing the bearing in mind that "none is good save One,' broad sheet printed in blanks, which is filled up it is admitted to be both allowable and beneficial, and sent every day to the Empress Dowager, to commemorate his goodness by recording the giving a detailed account of every part of this examples of those who have been clothed upon vast establishment. I have not heard of any with his righteousness, and made partakers with woman in the whole world, who is so heartily, the saints in light. It is helpful to the pilgrim, to so incessantly, and so extensively engaged in contemplate the steps of those who have walked works of benevolence, as the worihy mother of with the Redeemer in the way cast up; not for the good Alexander."

a servile imitation of particular acts, but with a Besides the establishments already noticed for prayerful desire to be enabled to walk by the relieving the distress, and improving the condi- same spirit, to mind the same rule, and to adtion of the poor, we are informed that an institu- here to the same principles of eternal truth which tion for educating the daughters of the nobility, they illustrated and adorned. These remarks which owed its existence to the Empress Dow- may apply to the dear departed friend whose ager, had then been in operation about sixteen name forms the caption of this article. It is quite years. The pupils were not only instructed in to be regretted that, from some causes which the French and German languages, and those cannot immediately be obviated, the arrangebranches of learning which the children of ment of her manuscripts is at present delayed ; at wealthy parents are usually expected to acquire, the same time it is believed that the following but they were obliged to make their own gar- passages will be interesting to the readers of the ments, and to become minutely acquainted with Review, whilst their detached publication will domestic concerns. This was in accordance with not derogate from the interest of a future comthe direction of the founder.

pilation. Previous to their departure from Moscow, a Having long felt an engagement to make a re. report was prepared, of which. William Allen ap- ligious visit beyond the Atlantic, a certificate pears to have been the writer, presenting to the was granted her by Philadelphia Monthly MeetEmpress Dowager a general view of their ob- ing, for the Northern District, on the 27th of First servations, since entering the Russian dominions, month, 1784, addressed “ To our friends and upon the various establishments of a literary and brethren in Great Britain, and elsewhere in philanthropic character, which had come under Europe.”. In this document her friends say, their notice. In this communication they made "we find our minds nearly united to her, in such suggestions as the cases seemed to demand, Christian fellowship and sympathy,—she being of the points most particularly requiring attention. one whose life and conversation become our The girls of the poorest class seem to have at Christian profession, and her ministry sound and tracted especial notice, as they were much neg- edifying.' This certificate was signed by 112 lected in Russia, as in other countries; and the Friends. An endorsement from the Quarterly necessary consequence of permitting them to Meeting, held the 2d of Second month, expressed grow up in ignorance, was clearly pointed out. “a prevailing sense of near union and sympathy

Though the meetings for Divine worship, with our beloved sister in her religious exercise, which they attended during their passage through under which she has laboured several years, Russia, were nearly all confined to very small which lately reviving with increasing weight, companies, yet a religious concern was evidently she hath now solidly communicated to us.” The maintained to embrace such opportunities as following certificate was granted by the Select could be found to inculcate the doctrines of pure Yearly Meeting held by adjournments, from the and vital Christianity. The great mass of the 27th of Third month, to the 30th of the same, population were, unquestionably, in a state of inclusive. deplorable ignorance and consequent corruption, To our Brethren and Sisters in Great Britain, yet they found many persons of genuine and enlightened piety, who were showing their faith

Ireland, and elsewhere in Europe. by their works. With such as these, the con- DEAR FRIENDS,—We salute you in a thankversation frequently took a deeply interesting ful sense, of the continued love of Christ, through turn; and the feelings which were excited might the efficacy whereof faithful servants are drawn

forth to labour in his church; and commend unto | same before my dear friends, who in sympathy you Rebecca Jones, our much esteemed sister, and unity therewith, signified their concurrence, who has, with the approbation of the Monthly in the Monthly, Quarterly, and General Spring and Quarterly Meetings, as expressed in their cer- Meetings. And though I was favoured as it tificates, now spread before us an exercise that passed from stage to stage, so that my mind was has for some years attended her mind, religiously preserved entirely clear of doubting, yet it was t) visit you, which has brought a solemn weight my constant desire, (the which I each time told over this assembly, uniting us with her concern, my friends, feelingly,) that the Divine will only and giving us an evidence of duty to resign her might be done. The before named friends, to the Lord's will and guidance in her procedure under the like exercise being all set at liberty, on this weighty undertaking; greatly desiring and the aforesaid ship offering, we felt quite easy that the protecting providence of the Almighty, to take our passage therein, in a humble dependmay preserve her by sea and land, and that by ing frame of mind, believing that, if it was the humbly continuing under his holy anointing, Lord's will, we might reach the next Yearly she may be daily qualified to perform the work Meeting at London." whereunto he appoints her, to the honour of An incident connected with their embarkation truth, her own peace, and the comfort of the is worthy of recital, as illustrative of the benefit faithful among you, to whose tender sympathy which the true disciple may receive from an enand Christian fellowship we affectionately re- tire dependence upon the all-sufficient teacher. commend her, and remain your loving friends.” Two ships were in readiness to sail for London.

These testimonials, given forth by the church, One was a large merchant vessel, the other, a are well calculated to introduce her to the confi- smaller one, had been built for a privateer, and dence of those who cannot recall her memory. was especially adapted for fast sailing. Rebecca, In the hearts of those who knew her a memo- and her associates in the proposed voyage, rial is indelibly written. Relative to her em- visited the two ships to decide between them; barkation, we find the following note.

and went first on board the larger one, which “ Embarked at New Castle on board the ship had been preferred for them by many of their COMMERCE, Captain Truxton, commander, the friends. ' 'hey seated themselves in the cabin, 25th of the Fourih month, 1784, in company with and Samuel Emlen first broke the silence by my valued friends Thomas Ross, * Samuel Em- saying, “ Death and darkness!" A similar feeling len, and son Samuel, George and Sarah Dillwyn, of uneasiness in reference to this vessel, perand Mehetabel Jenkins, all intending for Great vaded the minds of the others. On taking their Britain.” She also preserved the names of the seats in the smaller ship, a clear evidence was cabin and steerage passengers, ship's hands, and vouchsafed them, that it would be right for them common men, her interest extending to all ranks to take their passages in her, which they did and conditions of men, desiring the welfare of accordingly. all, and being more than willing to be made help

The next day, after they found themselves out ful to any. Succeeding this catalogue of names at sea, Capt. Truxton (subsequently Commodore) we note the following passage.

opened a locker, and threw in a pack of cards, “ Having for many years had a prospect of saying “Lie there—you'll see daylight no more, duty to pay a religious visit to friends in Great in compliment to these Friends."- And at the Britain, under which my heart was often bowed table he took up his glass of beer, saying, within me, secretly desiring that if it was indeed - Here's hoping that we Friends may reach the Lord's requiring, my will might be brought London timely for the Yearly Meeting !"into a state of perfect resignation to his holy which, it will be remembered, had been their will ; at length my mind was fully given up, desire, though from the shortness of the time, trusting in a gracious promise which I was fa- it was not confidently expected for them. voured with from the source of all true blessed- One day Rebecca Jones, going upon deck, ness and comfort, with this charge, Look not saw George Dillwyn seated in pensive mood out, and all things necessary shall be furnished.'

upon
the chicken coop.*

He said to her, In the regular precious order of Truth, I laid the Rebecca, canst thou keep a secret ?" To

which she replied, that she was not in the habit *The following incident respecting Thomas Ross, of prying into other people's secrets, but that she was mentioned in my hearing, long after his death, by a could keep them when entrusted to her. “Well friend who was personally acquainted with him.

While his mind was under exercise with the pros- then ”_said he—“I think we shall see land pect of a visit to Europe, but before he had given up next First-day.” They were soon joined by all to the service, he was one day thrown from his horse, their companions except Thomas Ross, who was and his foot being fixed in the stirrup, he was dragged confined in the cabin by a hurt. Rebecca, resome distance, probably on her yechoring onethis that membering the lonely situation of the latter, gagement, as one from which he was improperly went to sit with him. He accosted her in the shrinking, he breathed forth a petition : “Lord spare my life and I'll go ;” when some of the fixtures giving *The chicken coop is ordinarily fitted for a seat on way, he was instantly released.

ED. ship board.

For Friends' Review.

same words, querying if she could keep a secret, to which she repeated her former reply. He

SHAWNESE INDIANS. then expressed the same prospect, that they should see land the next First-day. On First- Soon after the arrival of our friend Thomas day morning, (5th mo., 23d,) George rose very Wells in this city, the Editor addressed a numearly, and, standing on the quarter deck with his ber of questions to him respecting the condition arms folded behind him, he called out with a of the native tribes among whom he has been firm voice, “Land ahead!"

The captain was | labouring, to be answered as far as his leisure still in his berth, and, being much alarmed, he and freedom might admit. The following is the hastened up and asked who it was that had substance of his answer, chiefly in his own called “ land ahead.” George calmly retained words :his position, and in a few minutes, repeated his I am informed that, about fifty years ago, call. The captain immediately ordered to the Friends of Baltimore Yearly Meeting commenced mast-head, a man who was noted for distant their labours with this nation, who then resided sight, to keep a look out. After he had been up in the north-west part of Ohio. They were for ten or fifteen minutes, he could see no sign living in wigwams, and depending for a liveliof land. The captain then sharply rebuked hood upon the chase ; unacquainted with farming, George for his false alarm, which might, he said, beyond that of raising a little corn, which was have led to serious consequences. But George the work of the women. stood unmoved, and called in a firm tone, and The first step was to furnish them with im. louder than before, “Land ahead !" The captain plements of husbandry, and employ a man to ordered the lead thrown, but, before this could instruct them in the art of farming. The second be done, the sentinel called out, “ Ahoy, land was to build a grist and saw mills, to encourage ahead !” The lead was thrown, and, in refer- them to enlarge their corn fields, and stimulate a ence to it, we find this note in captain Truxton's esire to build comfortable dwellings; and this sea journal.

being accomplished, the third was to open "Sunday, 23d May. At 6 o'clock sounded, a school for the education of their children. This got 42 fathoms water-shells and rotten brown was commenced with five children and increased stones—at 7 made the land--take it for the start to sixteen; but as this school was only in opera-Bearing E. N. E. 9 leagues distant. Latitude tion about three months in the winter of each observed 49, 45, North."

year, their advancement in learning was very Rebecca preserved some of the shells and sand slow; yet several could read in the Testament, taken at this place, a portion of which is still kept. and write a plain hand, and acquired some

They landed at Ġravesend on Sixth-day, the knowledge of figures. At the time of their emi28th of Fifth month, after a passage of thirty gration west, they sold their improvements to days, and reached London about 4 o'clock, P. M., the United States government for a considerable this being the day prior to the Select Yearly sum; and the number of horses, cows and hogs, Meeting. Two weeks afterward, the ship to exceeded the expectations of their best friends. which their attention had first been turned, was This finished the labours of about thirty years. towed in, on her beam ends, the keel being out About ten years elapsed from the time of our of the water, the ballast having shifted in a storm closing our labours with this people in Ohio, so that they were unable to right her. They had before they were renewed in the Indian territory; taken a different course from the one pursued by and during this period they were reduced to a the “Commerce," and experienced danger and state of destitution. But an application being distress, so that all hope of reaching their port, made to us, through their agent, considerable at one time vanished. A female passenger after- relief was afforded them in flour, meal and meat. ward told Rebecca Jones, that as she lay in her In this way they were again brought under our berth she could put her hand into the water in notice, and about ten years ago a manual labour the cabin, and that, whilst her soul's concerns school was opened for the benefit of Indian youth were uppermost, and her heart was engaged in of both sexes, whose number has gradually fervent prayer, the only temporal desire she al- increased from sixteen up to sixty-four. The lowed herself to cherish, was, that she might not children are supplied with boarding and clothing be permitted to struggle long in the water. without expense to their parents or friends, ex

W.J. A. cept as they choose to give them a garment,

which we encourage them to do. The boys are Professor Schonbein, the inventor of gun- instructed in all branches of farming, and the cotton, is said to have discovered a material girls in housewifery, in addition to school learnalmost equivalent to malleable glass. He ren- ing. We find no particular difficulty in prevailders papier maché transparent by a peculiar ing with them to work and comply with the process, and manufactures it into window panes, other requisitions of the institution. Our farm is vases, bottles, &c., perfectly impermeable to situated on the Shawnees' land, about five miles water, and which may be dropped on the west of the Missouri line, and three south of ground without breaking.-Literary World. the Kansas river, in a valley of prairie land,

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with a grove of timber on the west and north ; | live after the American style ; whilst the nation a delightful spot well supplied with springs, and may be considered about half-way, or but little we think a healthy location. Though we have behind the frontier settlers. more or less sickness every fall, no deaths The Methodists and Baptists have schools on have yet occurred on the farm. We have a the same plan, about three miles east of our farm of about 200 acres, 130 of which are under establishment, and are also successful. The cultivation ; the rest in pasture. The proceeds former educate about one hundred annually, of the farm supply the demands of our table, principally children of the surrounding tribes, with a surplus for sale. 'Our house is a three and the latter about sixteen. In addition to story building, 70 feet by 24, the basement of their school operations, they have formed sociestone, the rest being frame. It is capable of ties amongst them, and have many church memaccommodating fifty children comfortably; which bers, perhaps not less than seventy in both ; and is the greatest number we have ever had at one I feel satisfied that many of them are sincere in time; though in the course of the year upwards their profession, and endeavour to live exemplary of sixty receive instruction, and other benefits lives. Both they and we stand up for our pecufrom the institution. The school has been kept liar views; and yet the spirit of brotherhood open, without vacation, for the last five years. exists amongst us; each keeping it in view that There are eight Friends employed to carry on we all have one object

, that is, the prosperity of this work, and regular meetings for divine wor- the poor Indians, in things pertaining to this life ship are held twice in each week, and not unfre- and that which is to come. There are many quently some of our Indian neighbours sit with vices existing in the Shawnee nation, which we us. The Scriptures are read in the family at labour harmoniously together to remove, and, I the breakfast table, daily, and the children seem have no doubt, wish each other success in every attentive to the reading. In addition to other good word and work. The Shawnees entertain religious instruction, the memoirs of pious persons a very vague idea of an Almighty Being, who are frequently read to them, both by the teachers presides over the universe ; and the uneducated and superintendents, and I can say that some of among them are in the practice of retaining their the happiest hours of my life have been spent in household gods. They have also many superthe company of these poor children. Sometimes stitious notions respecting witches and appaI have thought, surely this is a foretaste of the ritions. Their prejudices in favour of their joys which are to be experienced in the company ancient customs are so strong, that the work of of purified spirits in the realms of bliss. They reformation must be slow; but I have never are taken into the school at six years old, and doubted of success where the work is carried on leave it at about sixteen, when as many as are with that Christian energy which their situation disposed are sent out to Ohio and placed in private requires. families; and I have had the satisfaction to hear their friends, who have them in their families,

EXCAVATIONS IN POMPEII. say that their ability and willingness to work, and their solid deportment, do credit to them and The political state of Italy has lately ento the institution under the care of Friends. The grossed so much attention, that little time has expenses attending the institution are defrayed been found for its antiquities. Since the disby the three Yearly Meetings which have it covery of the 47 gold coins, and more than 250 under their charge: these are Baltimore, Ohio silver coins, together with gemmed ear-rings, and Indiana ; and Friends believe, from what necklaces and collars, pearls and costly rings, they have experienced, that they have cause for a dwelling house has been excavated near della encouragement to persevere in the work, both Fortuna, which surpasses in richness and eleof civilization and Christianization of these poor gance all that has been hitherto discovered. down trodden people.

The open Vestibule is paved with mosaics, the This band of Shawnees, at the time of their walls decorated with tasteful paintings. The emigration, eighteen years ago, consisted of about Atrium opens into the Tablinum and the recep, 800 souls; but at present they are reckoned at tion room, and the latter leads into the dining 1000. Their dwellings are now principally room, which is painted with mythological subhewed logs, pretty comfortably finished and fur-jects, the size of life. Here were several trinished; and their style of living is very similar clinic couches, not unlike our modern sofas, to that of the white settlers through that section richly ornamented with silver. The reception of country. There is one good sized brick room looks into a garden with a beautiful founbuilding, which was erected by the natives, in tain adorned with numerous mosaics and a small company with white mechanics, and it is finished statue of Silenus; the basin is surrounded with in a workmanlike manner. Their farms may be the most exquisite sculptures in marble. Adestimated from 200 acres down to small lots, joining the dwelling is another four-wheeled and every man is expected to earn his living by carriage, with iron wheels and many bronze industry, and a failure is considered disreputable. ornaments. In the kitchen also, are many The most respectable of the natives dress and ornaments and utensils of bronze, and the traces of smoke are visible in many places, after the may be, and actually is, an honest diversity of lapse of 18 centuries. The apartments of the sentiment. More than fifty years have elapsed dwelling house contained numerous elegant since this subject, in one of its aspects, was preutensils of gold and silver, vases, candelabra, sented in a forcible and argumentative appeal to bronze coins, several cases of surgical instru- the British public. Abstinence from the use of ments, &c. What is extremely rare is, that West India sugar and rum, was urged as an efthere is a second and even a third story, which

fectual method of checking the importation of are ascended by a wide flight of stairs. On

African slaves; a small painting near the staircase is the name

and many of the inhabitants of the and rank of the owner, in scarcely legible island were convinced of the correctness of the characters; from which it appears that he was sentiments advanced, and reduced to practice the one of the Decurii or Senators of Pompeii. All abstinence proposed. the walls and the rooms are ornamented with Although the Editor is far from desiring to urge, comic and tragic paintings, one of which repre- with a dictatorial spirit, the sentiments which he sents a young girl with a mask and a flageolet. has long entertained on this interesting question, Hence the house has received the name of casa but freely allows to others the right of judging and della Sunutrice, or casa dell'Ercole ubbriaco. acting according to their own conscientious conThis is the most recent excavation in Pompeii. victions, he is yet anxious to invite the readers of -Literary Gazette.

the Review to a careful and candid examination of

the subject. There are probably none of those FRIENDS' REVIEW. readers who are not decided opponents of the

slave-trade and slavery; and perhaps none of them

need be informed what is the basis on which the PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 25, 1847.

whole system rests. In illustration of the question

the subsequent fact may be subjoined. In the present number the reader will find some

During the administration of the elder Adams, interesting notices of a voyage, accomplished more

some difficulties with the French government led than sixty years ago, on a mission of love, by seve

to an expectation of war, in consequence of which ral valuable ministers of the gospel, most of whom are still vividly remembered by no inconsiderable of war being built at Philadelphia, a Friend, a

an increase of the navy was decided upon. A ship number among us.

This narrative furnishes an blacksmith by trade, was engaged to furnish the impressive admonition to those who are engaging iron work; but he did nothing towards fitting up in any important undertaking, more particularly of a religious nature, to regard with attention those Monthly Meeting, and the man having a fair cha

The case was brought before the gentle intimations of the Divine will which are often afforded to them. About thirty years have

racter in other respects, Friends were rather un

willing to proceed against him. Some of them passed away since the Friend--an inhabitant of Philadelphia—whose name is placed at the head of appeared disposed to extenuate, if not excuse, his the article in question, was removed from works conduct, because he had done nothing about the to rewards ; and we understand that a cousiderable guns. But one Friend, a young disciplinarian, reamount of instructive and interesting matter is con

marked that the whole must be regarded as an tained in her manuscripts. It is to be hoped that aggregate thing; for the guns upon the ocean with

out the planks, would do no more harm than the the reasons, whatever they may be, for withholding them from the public eye, may be removed at no

planks without the guns. distant day. From her well-known character for wisdom and religious experience, we should be led We are permitted to quote the following passage to expect a large share of instruction from the from a letter recently received from a valued labours of her pen.

Friend in England, who is well and favourably

known to many of our readers : We give place to an address from an association

“Our crops, including potatoes, have been good. on the other side of the Atlantic, in relation to a Our poor, consequently, have food at moderate subject which appears to be attracting, more forcibly prices, though Ireland seems to be still in a conthan at any former period, the attention of philan- of the Statesman and exertions of the Philanthro

dition which almost equally overcomes the wisdom thropists there. In this association, it is well pist. Our country, which in some of its wide spread known that a number of valuable Friends have relations has generally been wielding the sword, is taken a conspicuous part. The abstinence from now, so far as I know, at peace with all the world. the produce of slave-labour which it advocates, such an unspeakable blessing. "It gives more op

Long may we have thankfully to acknowledge presents a question on which we freely admit there portunity, I think, to look upon war at a distance in

the guns.

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