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exploring the banks of the Niagara above the ground of his author's general correctness, would Falls, I satisfied myself that if the river should be much more likely to apply his mind to its continue to cut back the ravine still further investigation, than one who should reject as absouthwards, it would leave here and there, near surd whatever did not at once appear obvious to the verge of the precipice and its islands, strata his understanding. Numerous mathematical of sand and loam, with fresh-water shells similar truths, believed upon this species of evidence to those here described.”
have most amateurs of science examined, until their certainty became perfectly clear-truths
which, in all probability, they would never have For Friends' Review,
understood, if credulous enough to conclude that CREDULITY OF INFIDELITY.
their author was in error, whenever his declaraIt is the boast of those who reject the great tions were difficult to comprehend. As mathetruths of the Christian religion, that they are maticians may, and sometimes actually do, comabove vulgar prejudices, and will admit nothing mit errors, the careful student will only pronounce as truth, which cannot be rendered clear to the that to be erroneous which he clearly perceives understanding. It will, however, appear, when to be so; and will be no more disposed to reject the subject is carefully examined, that infidelity, as a fallacy, than to defend as a truth, any proso far from being the result of profound and position which eludes his comprehension. accurate reasoning, can scarcely exist without What has been said of the mathematical stugreat share of credulity.
dent, may also be predicated of the tyro in any Of all kinds of knowledge which fall within other science. Many things will present which the range of the human intellect, the mathemati- will not at first be comprehended; and what cal sciences are usually regarded as the most would we think of the youth who should perticlear and unquestionable. A proposition, which naciously reject as erroneous or absurd whatever has been mathematically demonstrated, is justly his inexperienced mind could not readily unconsidered as definitively and unanswerably derstand? Would it not indicate a strange cresettled. And why is this the case ? Simply dulity, as well as arrogance, to decide that all because the foundations of these sciences are laid those who had pursued such inquiries were upon principles, the truth and certainty of which mistaken wherever they had arrived at concluare obvious to every rational mind; and the in- sions, the truth or falsehood of which was not ferences are deduced from these principles by a obvious to the hasty and superficial observer ? process of ratiocination which leaves no room
Dom Now, may we
not justly apply the same for hesitation or doubt. Every mathematician principles of belief to the great and all important has in his own mind the evidence of the truths truths of the Christian religion? Confining which he admits. The propositions of Euclid our views to the New Testament, because the are believed, not because Euclid has announced doctrines which it contains appeal more pointedthem as truths, but because the evidence of their ly and directly to the best feelings of the heart, certainty must carry conviction to every mind let us inquire whether a sincere and rational which is capable of comprehending it. In the searcher after truth, ever read, or can read, that course of his studies, the tyro may often find volume without finding in his own mind a repropositions enunciated, the truth of which he sponse to the precepts which it inculcates ? cannot at first perceive. These will probably Does not such an inquirer find, in the impresbe believed on the authority of the author, in sions which are made upon his mind, evidence, case the propositions previously announced have as unquestionable as the axioms of Euclid, that been clearly established. But whenever he be- this work could not possibly be the production comes master of the reasoning on which their of any other than deeply pious writers? The truth and certainty depend, his belief will no artless simplicity which pervades the whole longer repose on the authority of his author, but volume, the uniform purity of the doctrine, and on the evidence of his own understanding. And the evident tendency of its maxims to promote if, in studying an author, whose conclusions have the virtue and happiness of man, are so conalways been found correct, whenever they were spicuous, that to suppose such a book to be the understood, some proposition should be found, production of one or more impostors, implies a the truth or falsehood of which cannot be satis- degree of credulity that almost baffles comprefactorily perceived, a judicious student would hension. It is difficult
, or rather impossible, to certainly not sit down in a fixed belief that the conceive what motive an impostor could find for proposition must be false. The rational conclu- writing or compiling a book that inculcates truth sion would be that it was probably true. But and sincerity, and denounces deception and falsethe tyro could neither defend it as a truth, nor hood in the most emphatic terms. A writer of denounce it as an error, while it continued to falsehood is not the one who would be likely to baffle his comprehension. In the meantime, if declare that every liar must have his portion in such proposition, supposing it true, appeared of the lake which burns with fire and brimstone. considerable importance, the student who in- But if we could be credulous enough to supclined to admit its probable truth on the simple 1 pose that any man, or set of men, regardless of
For Friends' Review.
truth and sincerity, could find a motive, or act become a happy and flourishing community. without one, to produce and offer to the world Christianity, wherever its principles are diffused such a book as the New Testament, what credu- and acted upon, will civilize man, and introduce lity is sufficiently capacious to admit the suppo- him into the full enjoyment of all the privileges sition, that this book could be imposed upon the and capabilities of his race. Among the Cherocommunity as true, if its contents were false ? kees, and anong the Shawnees also, as we learn The leading historical facts recorded in the New from statements recently made in the Review, Testament are attested by cotemporary historians, are found many good houses and farms, well who were not Christians. Thus Josephus, taken care of and cultivated. Men of intellithough no convert to Christianity, states several gence, too, are common among them, and could circumstances recorded by the Evangelists ; and we banish from them a long catalogue of our own Tacitus, though an avowed enemy to this religion, vices, the day might not be very distant, when furnishes evidence of the truths contained in the the state of society among them would be little, scriptural history:
if any inferior to our own.
Z. If the narratives of the evangelists were published during the lives of those who were witnesses of the ministry and miracles of our Sa- THE SEASONS AN EMBLEM OF HUMAN LIFE. viour, they would not have been received by the Christian church if their contents had not been the seasons of the year and the several periods
A striking resemblance is observable between true ; for these things were not done in a corner. of human life-infancy, youth, manhood, and And if they did not appear until that generation old age. As in spring
the germs of future crops had passed away, who can be credulous enough to suppose that they would then have been are nourished, so in infancy the energies and the brought out and imposed on the Christian world passions of mature life, lie in embryo. The as the writings of the immediate followers of the genial warmth of parental kindness is needed to Saviour, though never heard of before ?
sustain their vitality, or check their growth.
The change from childhood to youth is almost (To be continued.)
imperceptible, except in the more ample developement of the faculties. The tender plants
which were fostered with so much care in inTHE CHEROKEES AND RUM.
fancy, now shoot forth with a luxuriance that A late number of the Cherokee Advocate states often “ Asks a prudent hand to check them.” that Tatnall H. Post, Deputy Sheriff, having un- Now comes the important task of forming the derstood that a small boat-load of whiskey was mind and establishing the principles for the on its way from Fort Smith, in Arkansas, to active duties of life. Summer is shedding Fort Gibson, in the Indian territory, and intend its rays upon our heads. All the frivolity and ed for the Indian trade, went promptly in pursuit gayety of our dispositions are in full action, of it, and having found it, knocked in the heads Without constant attention on the part of parents of twelve barrels, and poured their contents into and caretakers, giddy thoughtlessness may take the Arkansas river.
possession of the mind, and like weeds in a If the officers of our government would faith- garden destroy all that is solid and useful. But fully carry out the provisions of the laws, and as this season passes away, and manhood apprevent the introduction of this mischievous arti- proaches, the countenance assumes a more sober cle among the Indians, what a vast amount of aspect; those qualities which were nourished in wretchedness would be spared, which the cu- the incipient stages of life, begin to show signs pidity of the whites seems too often so willingly of maturity, and to give evidences of approaching to heap upon them. Rum is the great bane of harvest, and happy is he whose wheat is free the red man
--the love of it may almost be said from tares. But such as we sow, we must reap, to be born with him. How shall he be ex. The autumn of life is now at hand; the bright cused, who entices, for gain, his neighbour into foliage of summer is departing, and we are fast that which he knows to be his destroyer? approaching to the winter of death. How ne
Perhaps it may be interesting to a portion of cessary it is that we should endeavour, in the the readers of the Review to be informed that summer of our days, to prepare for eternity, the Cherokee Advocate is published weekly, at For in the grave there is no repentance; as death Tahlequah, partly in the English and partly in the leaves us, so judgment finds us, and how awful Cherokee language ; it is owned by the nation, the consequences, should we not be prepared to and is edited with considerable ability by Wm. hear the words sounded in our ears, Steward, P. Ross. The editor is elected periodically. give up thy stewardship, for thou mayest be no
The Cherokees are more advanced in civiliza- longer steward.” We know not at what time tion than any other of our Indian tribes; and we shall be called upon to render an account of were it not for the dreadful evils of intemperance, the deeds done while here in this probationary and the war spirit, they might yet rise above state. As this state of existence is only given us the injustice of their removal from Georgia, and to prepare for a more glorious one, what will be
our disappointment, if, in the end, we are doom- the Emperor Tiberius a glass vase of very curious ed to everlasting misery? But we have a mer- workmanship; and after the emperor had viewed ciful and all wise Creator, who is ever ready, it, he returned it to the maker, who immediately for the sake of his dear Son, to forgive those let it fall on the ground. To the amazement of the that seek to be forgiven with humble and con- spectators, it was perceived that the vessel, in, trited hearts. Thus we should duly appreciate stead of being broken to pieces, was only bruised our privileges while we have time and opportunity afforded to prepare for our final change, so
by the fall. The artist then taking out his hammer, that when we are called upon to resign our lives, reduced the vase to its original form. The emwe may do so with joy-lhe dust to dust as it peror then inquired whether the art had been was, and the spirit to God who gave it.
communicated to any other person, and being A. assured that it had not, he ordered the maker to
be immediately put to death, asserting that this art FRIENDS' REVIEW.
would diminish the value of the metals, and therefore ought not to be retained.-See Annals, Book V.
PHILADELPHIA, FIRST MONTH 8, 1848.
The numerous letters received at this office,
approving of the Review, and of the course pursued The review of William Allen's life is suspended by the Editor, are highly gratifying and encourag. until next week, but will probably be afterwards "ing. From among them, the following is extracted continued to its close. A few more numbers are from a letter recently received from a valued espected to include what we have farther to ay friend in Canada. respecting that extraordinary man.
“I am very much pleased with the Review; and, so far as I can judge, it will be likely to obtain the
confidence of friends here. I have no desire to We insert in the present number the first part of support any party, or to take part with anything the testimony respecting Maria Fox. It is de out of the truth, but wish the ancient doctrines and signed to introduce, at a time not far distant, a testimonies of the society to be maintained in their more extended notice of her valuable and exem
prinsitive purity. I believe if this was the living plary life. Her memoirs were published within not be so much of a disposition to judge and con
concern more generally in the society, there would the past year by Henry Longstreth, No. 347 demn others. I hope all may yet turn for the best, Market street, Philadelphia.
and that it may have a tendency to humble us before the Lord, and to know for ourselves what
foundation we are building upon. It is the work The opening of the Girard College is certainly of the grand enemy to scatter and divide, and he an interesting event; and the question whether careth not how sound or correct we may be in this seminary will be a benefit or an injury to the profession, if he can only lead us out of the right
spirit. I very much desire that all may escape rising generation, will greatly depend upon the his snare, and turn to that which first convinced us; character of those to whom the trust is confided. and as this comes to be our united concern, I It is ardently to be hoped that the anxiety of the believe harmony would prevail, and we should testator to exclude sectarianism from this institu- which enabled our worthy predecessors to endure
witness an establishment in that blessed principle, tion, may not lead the conductors to the belief that all the persecutions that were inflicted upon them. the means of religious instruction must be withheld. Certainly no books can be placed in the We have introduced in page 255 a small portion hands of the pupils which more clearly and forcibly from an article of considerable interest recently inculcate the duties of morality and benevolence published in the Journal of the Franklin Institute, than the Holy Scriptures.
in relation to a compound, which affords a hope that
some of the inconveniences and dangers to which In a former number we inserted a brief notice of the inhabitants of crowded cities are exposed, may reported discovery, which to some of our readers be easily and cheaply avoided. The article in may possibly suggest an apprehension that there tion is too scientific for the general reader, and thereare occasionally some things occurring of which it fore is not copied at length into the Review. If may be said, lo! this is new. Whether malleable some of our skilful chemists could discover a comglass, supposing its discovery real, is one of them, pound which would absorb the fumes of tobacco, may be rendered questionable from a story which they would promote the comfort of many of our Murphy, in his translation of Tacitus, introduces citizens; or, which would do as well
, if they with manifest doubt and hesitation, from some could induce the lovers of tobacco smoke to reflect ancient authorities. The tale, in substance, is, that upon the annoyance to which they are subjecting an artist, whose name is not given, presented to all but themselves by mingling these sickening
effluvia with the atmosphere of the streets. If | also concerned to watch over the flock. He was a gentlemen were fully aware how great a nuisance man of hospitality, and felt for the afflicted and the smoke of tobacco is to the fairer half of our
destitute. When the infirmities of age gathered
around him, his spiritual perceptions and religious race, and to four-fifths of the other half, it is rea
sensibilities survived the decay of his mental sonable to believe that some place of seclusion powers in a remarkable manner; which was inwould be sought for this artificial indulgence. structive and consoling to his friends in the inter
views they had with him during the three years he
was confined at home. He said " he was going to We have been permitted to make the following the grave; but death had no sting, and the grave extract from a letter written by a friend in Eng
would have no victory.
His wife, Amy SMEDLEY, died on the 20th of land to his correspondent in this city, and received Fourth month, 1847, in the 81st year of her age; by the last steamer. It breathes a truly Christian they having lived together in much harmony for spirit
, and we are induced to insert it, not only by sixty years.-- The Friend. the pertinency of its counsel, but also as the ex
At the residence of her daughter-in-law
Delilah Mosher, in Stanford, N. Y., on the 24th pression of the feelings which have influenced us ult., Anna, widow of Zachariah Mosher, in the in the establishment and conducting of this 84th year of her age. She had been for many journal.
years an exemplary member of Stanford Monthly
Meeting. " During the trial which the Society had to pass On the 26th ult. at New Bedford, Mass., through here a few years ago in connexion within the 71st year of his age, ABRAHAM SHEARMAN, the Beacon controversy, there was no exhortation a valuable elder, long known as the Clerk of New or watchword which we more needed to bear in England Yearly Meeting. mind than that of the Saviour, ' In your patience possess ye your souls;' and perhaps it may not be
DIVISIBILITY OF MATTER. a word out of season to our friends elsewhere. I observed particularly, that on the occasion referred
At the first step we take in geological into, our strength was in patience and forbearance; quiry (says Dr. BUCKLAND) we are struck and that when we allowed ourselves to get into with the immense period of time which the anxious turmoils about how and when and by phenomena presented to our view must have rewhom, help should arise, we became weaker-as quired for their production, and the incessant indeed all will do, who in the affairs of the church changes which appear to have been going on in have not their minds really stayed on its Almighty the natural world; but we must remember that Head and Helper. His way in his dealings with his people, is often as 'in the sea, and his
path in time and change are great only in reference to deep waters, and his footsteps are not known.' the faculties of the being who notes them. The Do we not want awakening, purifying, deepening ? insect of an hour, contrasting its own ephemeral And who can say that the trials which are permit- existence with the flowers on which it rests, ted to attend us are not designed to drive us closer would attribute an unchanging durability to the to Him who is ever ready, when we ask in a right most evanescent of vegetable forms, whilst the posture of mind, to do for us more than we can either ask or think?'"
flowers, the trees, and the forest would ascribe
an endless duration to the soil on which they Married,—At Friends' Meeting House in Lower his own brief earthly existence with the solid
and thus uninstructed man, comparing
grow; Smithfield, R. I., on Fourth-day, the 1st ult., BEN frame-work he inhabits, deems the hills and
, of , to CATHARINE J., daughter of James Dennis, of mountains around him coeval with the globe Pawtucket.
itself. On Fifth-day, the 23d ult., at Friends' But, with the enlargement and cultivation of Meeting House, Pike Run, Washington Co., Pa., his mental powers, he takes a more just, comJoshua V. Mulhous, of Concord, Ohio, to ELIZABETH prehensive, and enlightened view of the wonderP., daughter of Amos and Edith Griffith, of the ful schemes of creation ; and while in his ignoformer place.
In Friends' Meeting House at Nantucket, rance he imagined that the duration of the globe on the 30th of last month, Moses Farnum, of Smith was to be measured by his own brief span, and field, to Mary B. Allen, of the former place. arrogantly deemed himself alone the object of the
Almighty's care, and that all things were created DIED,—On the 28th of Tenth month, 1847, in the for his pleasure and necessities, he now feels his 87th year of his age, JEFFERY SMEDLEY, an elder dependence; entertains more correct ideas of the and member of Goshen monthly and Willistown mercy, wisdom and goodness of his Creator ; preparative meeting Having through submission and, while exercising his high privilege of being to the visitation of Divine Grace in early life, be alone capable of contemplating and understandcome qualified for service in the church, the cause ing the wonders of the natural world, he learns of Truth was precious to him, and his sympathies the most important lessons—to doubt the evidence acte it, being concerned to hold up the hands that of his own senses until confirmed by patient inwere ready to hang down, and to speak a word in vestigations. season to those who were tried or weary. He was
6. Where is the dust that has not been alive ?”
The remains of organic existence, found in the power is displayed not only in great things, but median and other tertiaries, conduct us from the still more so in those which are minute, and colossal and imposing, to the minute and micro- furnishes additional data for the well-known moscopic; for beds occur entirely composed of the ral argument of the theologian, derived from a fossil relics of animalculites—those infinitesimal comparison of the telescope and microscope: forms now present in our lakes, rivers, and " The one led me to see a system in every star; streams, invisible to the unassisted sight, whose the other leads me to see a world in every atom. perfect organization places them among the The one taught me that this almighty globe, with wonders of the creation. They were formerly the whole burden of its people and of its counsupposed to be little more than the mere particles tries, is but a grain of sand on the field of imof matter, endowed with vitality; but Ehrenberg mensity; the other teaches me that every grain has discovered in them an apparatus of muscles, of sand may harbor within it the tribes and famiintestines, teeth, different kinds of glands, eyes, lies of a busy population. The one told me of nerves, and organs of reproduction. Yet some the insignificance of the world I tread upon ; of the smallest are not more than the twenty- the other redeems it from all insignificance.' four thousandth of an inch in diameter, the thickness of the skin of their stomachs not more than
THE CAMEL. the fifty millionth part of an inch, a single drop of water having been estimated actually to con
We had now done with camels ; and I cantain 50,000,000 individuals. Not less astonishing not say otherwise, than that I rejoiced at the is their power of multiplication, an individual of circumstance. Admirably adapted to the desert one species increasing in ten days to 1,000,000, regions which are their home, they yet constitute on the eleventh day to 4,000,000, and on the one of the evils which travelling in the desert twelfth day to 16,000,000; while of another kind, brings with it. Their long, slow, rolling or Ehrenberg states that one individual is capable racking gait, although not at first very unpleasant, of becoming, in four days, 170,000,000,000! To becomes exceedingly fatiguing; so that I have this distinguished naturalist we are indebted for the often been more exhausted in riding five and developement of the fact that ages ago our world twenty miles upon a camel, than in travelling was rise with these minute organisms, belonging fifty on horseback. Yet, without them, how to a great number of species, whose mineralized could such journeys be performed at all ? skeletons actually constitute nearly the whole
But their home is the desert; and they were mass of the same tertiary soils and rocks several made in the wisdom of the Creator, to be the feet in thickness, and extending over areas of carriers of the desert. The coarse and prickly many acres. Such is the Polirschiefer, or
shrubs of the wastes, are to them the most delipolishing slate of Bilin, in Bohemia, which occu- cious food; and even of these they eat but little. pies a surface of great extent, probably the site So few are the wants of their nature, that their of an ancient lake, and forms slaty strata of four-power of going without food, as well as without teen feet in thickness, almost wholly composed water, is wonderful. They never appear to tire, of the silicified shields of animalcules. The size but commonly march as freshly in the evening of a single one, forming the polishing slate, as in the morning; the only instance I remember amounts upon an average, and in the greatest part, to the contrary was yesterday, after our long to one two hundred and eighty-eighth of a hu- march in returning to Hebron ; when my young man hair, reckoning its average size at one forty- camel, on arriving at the place of encampment, eighth of a line.
seemed weary, and lay down of its own accord The globule of the human blood, considered in order to be relieved of its load. If they once at one three-hundredth, is not much smaller. begin to fail they soon lie down and die. Thus The blood globules of a frog are twice as large two camels of our train died between Suez and as one of these animalcules. As the Polirschiefer Akabah, which a few hours before had been of Birlin is slaty but without cavities, these ani- travelling with full loads. In all our recent malcules lie closely compressed. In round journey to Wady Músa, the camels fed only upon numbers, about 23,000,000 would make up a shrubs, and never tasted grain of any kind ; cubic line, and would, in fact, be contained in it. although once we had them loaded for thirty-six There are 1,728 cubic lines in a cubic inch, and hours, during all which time they browsed only therefore a cubic inch would contain, on an ave- for one hour. rage, about 51,000,000,000 of these animals. Their well-known habit of lying down upon the On weighing a cubic inch of this mass, I found breast to receive their burdens, is not, as is often it to be two hundred and twenty grains. of supposed, merely the result of training; it is an the 51,000,000,000 of animals, 178,000,000 go admirable adaptation of their nature to their desto a grain, or the siliceous shield of each animal- tiny as carriers. This is their natural position cule weighs about one-hundred-and-seventy-eight of repose, as is shown, too, by the callosities upon millionth part of a grain. Such is the statement the joints of the legs, and especially by that upon of Ehrenberg, which naturally suggests to the the breast, which serves as a pedestal beneath reflection of the French philosopher that Almighty the huge body. Hardly less wonderful is the