« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
adaptation of their broad cushioned foot to the in going and returning between Hebron and arid sands and gravelly soil which it is their lot Wady Músa. chiefly to traverse. The camel, in very many The sounds by which the Arabs govern their respects, is not unlike the sheep. They are a camels, are very few and very guttural. The silly, timid animal, gregarious, and when alarm- signal for kneeling is not unlike a gentle snore ; ed, like sheep, they run and huddle all together. and is made by throwing the breath strongly They are commonly represented as patient; but against the palate, but not through the nose. if so, it is the patience of stupidity. They are That for stopping, is a sort of guttural clucking, rather exceedingly impatient; and utter loud which I could never master, Robinson and cries of indignation when receiving their loads, Smith's Travels. and not seldom on being made to kneel down. They are also obstinate, and frequently vicious,
For Friends' Reviev, and the attempt to urge them forward, is often OPENING OF THE GIRARD COLLEGE. very much like trying to drive sheep the way
On Seventh day last, the first of the year,
this they do not choose to go. The cry of the camel resembles in a degree the hollow bleating of the authorities, at the noble buildings on the Ridge
Institution was formally opened, by the proper sheep; sometimes it is like the lowing of neat Road, some two miles from the heart of our cattle, or the hoarse squeal of the swine. But the Arabs heed not their cries : nor does the poor the weather, there was a numerous
city. Notwithstanding the unpleasantness of animal find much mercy at their hands. Heavy attendance, including the Mayor, Recorder and and galling loads and meagre fare, are his ap- Councils of the city, many other citizens, and pointed portion, and God has hardened him to relatives and friends of the orphans whose conthem. The camels of the Féllakin appear to nection with the College was about to commence, have an easier lot; they are mostly large, fat, and whose education was to be prosecuted there. and strong, while those of the Bedawin in the
About one hundred were in attendance, and their deserts are comparatively thin and slender. The singular power of the camel to go without appearance was prepossessing. “ They were in
excellent health," says the Inquirer, “and were water, seems also to be of the same nature as that of the sheep, at least in its manifestation, taken their seats immediately in front of the
full of smiles and cheerfulness. After they had although in a far greater degree. The dew and Board of Trustees, the President of the Board, juice of grass and herbs are sufficient for them in ordinary cases ; though when the pasturage arrived for opening the College, and proceeded
Joseph R. Chandler announced that the time had has become dry, the Arabs water their flocks to deliver an eloquent and appropriate address," every two days, and the camels every three. the opening paragraphs of which were as follows: The longest trial to which we subjected our camels in respect to water, was from Cairo to
“Gentlemen of the Select and Common CounSuez, four days; yet some of them did not
cils of Philadelphia, and Gentlemen Members drink even then, although they had only the
of the Board of Directors, and Friends and driest fodder. But at all times the camel eats
Fellow Citizens : and drinks little, and secretes little ; he is a cold- " The object for which the community has so blooded, heavy, sullen animal, having little feel- long waited, and for which some of us have coning, and little susceptibility for pain. Thistles stantly laboured, is at length accomplished ; and, and briars and thorns he crops and chews with this day, having been, by the authority of Counmore avidity than the softest green fodder ; nor cils of Philadelphia, placed in our possession, we does he seem to feel pain from blows and kicks open the doors of the Girard College for the adunless they are very violent.
mission, the maintenance and instruction of poor There is nothing graceful or sprightly in any orphan boys ; and the beautiful edifice which we camel, old or young; all is misshapen, ungainly now occupy, the adjacent buildings on the right and awkward. The young have nothing frisky hand and on the left, and all these spacious or playful ; but in all their movements are as grounds, are now to be dedicated to the great staid and sober as their dams. In this respect, object contemplated in the testament of the liberalhow unlike the lamb! ,
minded founder of this institution, by the unAs the carriers of the East, the “ships of the ostentatious, the simple services of this morning, desert,” another important quality of the camel It is believed that the good of mankind, proposed is their sure-footedness. I was surprised to find in the establishment of this school, will enlist in them travelling with so much ease and safety, up its behalf the best sympathies of the public, while and down the most rugged mountain passes. the faithful administration of its affairs, the careThey do not choose their way, with the like ful watchfulness of those entrusted with its direcsagacity as the mule, or even as the horse, but tion, will secure to the Girard College the hearty they tread much more surely and safely, and good wishes and unqualified approval of a viginever slip or stumble. In all our long journeys lant community, and the unfailing blessing of with them, I do not recollect a single instance ; Almighty God, which in our hearts we heartily and yet no roads can be worse than the passes ! invoke.
“ This day we inaugurate those who are to cupies in your regard the relation which, abroad instruct the pupils in the varions branches of a in the world, might have been held by a father. sound education, who shall teach them facts Respect your teachers and governesses ; they and things,' and shall form in their minds a pure stand towards you in the most endearing and attachment to our republican institutions, and to useful relations. Anticipate the will of the mathe sacred rights of conscience, who shall take tron; obey, revere, and love her : she is your pains to instil into the minds of the scholars the mother. purest principles of morality, so that on their “ In all things be careful and considerate. entrance into active life, they may, from inclina- Love one another.' tion and habit, evince benevolence towards their • In a few years, we or our successors will fellow creatures, and a love of truth, sobriety present some of these children to the world as. and industry.'
the first fruits of the Girard College for Orphans.
May the offering be pleasant to society, for the He closed with the following impressive re- good ingredients which it shall infuse into the marks :
May it be acceptable to God, for the "Gentlemen of the Councils, and other func- evidence which it shall contain of good will to tionaries of the City, the County, and the State, man." the Directors of the Girard College have invited Joel Jones, late Judge of the District Court you hither to-day to witness the commencement in this city, and now President elect of the of this great institution. They have nothing to College, rose in reply. From his address the conceal in their plans. Every thing will be ex- following extracts are made: posed in their proceedings. They profess to know
« Fellow Citizens :--We are about to enter something of the nature of the duties which they upon the execution of a scheme of education in hare assumed. They recognize their accounta- some respects new and difficult, but in every rebility to society, immediately through the authorities of the city—to God directly for all their spect important. The foundation of it is a thorities of the city—to God directly for all their charity, munificent in its provisions, comprehenlabours.
sive and noble in its objects, and far-reaching · Mr. President, Madam, the Matron, and in its results. Should it merely fail, we suffer Ladies, Teachers and Governesses--We com- the loss of a great good. Should it ever be permit to your executive care the administration of verted, we may incur great evils ; but should it the affairs of this institution. We know that be made to accomplish the benevolent designs of hitherto you are without precedents for guide. the Founder of the College, we shall secure to
* Your good sense must guide you to adapt many orphans a better inheritance than riches. your experience to the particular wants of this
“ The consequences involved in the issue of school. The children are in your hands ; morn. this enterprise naturally awaken emotions of ining, noon, and night, day by day, for months and terest and concern in all
, but of anxiety in those years, there can be no cessation of your respon upon whom the responsibility of direction and sibilities; no relaxation of vigilance. You are
management is more immediately devolved. the parents, friends, teachers, guardians, guides
“Shall this noble design, for which the late of these orphans, and as you shall discharge the Mr. Girard has made so large provision, be duties of the situations which you hold, so shall realized? Shall these beautiful and enduring you answer to society and to God. Not only walls become the mausoleum of his hopes or the ihe welfare of these hundred little ones may de-emblem of a yet more enduring and more beaupend upon your kind solicitude and conscien- tiful moral and intellectual structure ? tious labours, but the whole credit of the Girard
“ Why should the design fail, if we are ready College, its means for usefulness for many years, to avail ourselves of the advantages and the is dependent upon your ability and fidelity. If liberties this plan of education allows ? the first step which we take should fail, it will
“ Although the enterprise be in some respects be long ere we recover the consequent loss. If,
new, why should we take counsel of fear, where as we hope, and as we confidently trust, that step hope finds so many grounds of encouragement ? should be onward, firm and safe, then the pro- 6. Let it be our part, fellow citizens, to employ, gress will be rapid, and the results glorious with our best diligence and skill, all the means these results depend upon you.
in our power to promote so desirable an end-. “ LITTLE CHILDREN_In the name and on behalf of the Board of Directors, I bid you wel- forts by your confidence-your support.”
yours, to encourage and strengthen our efcome to these halls. We shall seek to make you love and respect us as friends. Some of The Will of the testator enjoins that “all the is know the pains and deprivations of orphan- instructors and teachers in the College, shall
age, and the difficulties that hedge up the way of take pains to instil into the minds of the scholars, The poor fatherless child. You then will have the purest principles of morality, so that on their
the special sympathy of those of us; you will entrance into active life, they may, from inclinahave the watchful, affectionate care of us all. tion and habit, evince benevolence towards their
Little children: Obey the President; he oc- fellow-creatures, and a love of truth, sobriety and
industry, adopting at the same time such reli- | trust, we much desire they may be fully devoted gious tenets as their matured reason may enable to the Lord's honour and service, that thus thou them to prefer." The President, Judge Jones, mayest be an happy instrument in his hand, for emphatically declares his conviction that the in- the suppression of vice, infidelity and irreligion, junction to instil into the minds of the pupils and every species of oppression on the persons these great principles, with a view to these great and consciences of men; so that righteousness ends, cannot by any fair interpretation be un- and peace, which truly exalt a nation, may prederstood to exclude the obligations of religion. vail throughout the land; as the only solid foun“On the contrary," says he, “ these virtues can-dation that can be laid for the prosperity and not permanently or vigorously exist in that heart happiness of this or any country. which has no love or fear of God, and no re- The free toleration which the citizens of these verence for his revealed will."
States enjoy in the public worship of the AlStephen Girard was born at Bordeaux, in mighty, agreeably to the dictates of their conFrance, about the year 1746. After amassing sciences, we esteem among the choicest of blessa large estute of perhaps six millions of dollars, ings; and as we desire to be filled with fervent he died without children, in Philadelphia, in charity for those who differ from us in faith and 1831. His Will, dated the 16th of 2d mo., practice, believing that the general assembly of 1830, with two Codicils, dated respectively on Saints is composed of the sincere and upright the 25th of 12th mo., 1830, and the 30th of hearted of all nations, kingdoms and people ; so 6th mo., 1831, was proved on the 3d of 12th mo., we trust we may justly claim it froin others,1831, a few days after his death. Timothy and in a full persuasion that the Divine principle Paxson, Thomas P. Cope, Joseph Roberts, we profess, leads into harmony and concord, we William J. Duane, and John A. Barclay, were can take no part in carrying on war
on any left the Executors of his Will. He left two occasion, or under any power, but are bound in millions of dollars out of the “ residue” of his conscience to lead quiet and peaceable lives in “personal estate," for the building and endow- godliness and honesty amongst men, contributing ment of a College, for the education of white freely our proportion to the indigences of the male orphans, dedicating the whole of his re- poor, and to the necessary support of civil gomaining estate, after deducting two further lega- vernment, acknowledging those " who rule well cies, “to the extension of the College, if it to be worthy of double honour,” and if any proshould be necessary in certain events.” The fessing with us, are, or have been, of a contrary structure has occupied the labour of fifteen disposition and conduct, we own them not thereyears, and is now completed.
in, having never been chargeable from our first establishment as a Religious Society, with fo
menting or countenancing tumults or conspiraADDRESS OF THE FRIENDS OF 1789 TO PRESIDENT
cies, or disrespect to those who are placed in
authority over us. WASHINGTON, AND HIS REPLY.
We wish not improperly to intrude on thy To the President of the United States. The time or patience, nor is it our practice to offer Address of the Religious Society called Qua
adulation to any ; but as we are a people whose kers, from their Yearly Meeting for Pennsyl- principles and conduct have been misrepresented vania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the western and traduced, we take the liberty to assure thee, parts of Virginia and Maryland:
that we feel our hearts affectionately drawn
towards thee, and those in authority over us, Being met in this our Annual Assembly for with prayers that thy Presidency may, under the well-ordering the affairs of our Religious the blessing of Heaven, be happy to thyself and Society, and the promotion of universal right to the people, that through the increase of moeousness, our minds have been drawn to con- rality and true religion, Divine Providence may sider, that the Almighty, who ruleth in Heaven condescend to look down upon our land, with and in the kingdoms of men, having permitted a a propitious eye, and bless the inhabitants with great revolution to take place in the government a continuance of peace, the dew of Heaven, and of this country, we are fervently concerned that the fatness of the earth, and enable us gratefully the rulers of the people may be favoured with to acknowledge his manifold mercies.—And it is the counsel of God, the only sure means of our earnest concern, that he may be pleased to enabling them to fulfil the important trust com- grant thee every necessary qualification to fill mitted to their charge, and in an especial manner thy weighty and important station to his glory; that Divine wisdom and grace vouchsafed from and that finally, when all terrestial honours shall above, may qualify thee to fill up the duties of fail and pass away, thou and thy respectable the exalted station to which thou art appointed. consort may be found worthy to receive a crown
We are sensible thou hast obtained great of unfading righteousness in the mansions of place in the esteem and affections of people of peace and joy for ever. all denominations, over whom thou presidest; Signed in and on behalf of our said meeting and many eminent talents being commiited to thy held in Philadelphia, by adjournments, from the
28th of the 9th mo. to the 3d day of the 10th, deliberate examination of Dr. Southwood Smith, mo., inclusive, 1789.
Nicholas WALN, Mr. Toynbee, and Mr. Grainger, in connection Clerk of the meeting this year. with the discoverers, whose report was extended
over many pages; but of which the following The Answer of the President of the United are the principal conclusions : States to the Address of the Religious Society peculiar power in preserving the dead body from
"1. That this fluid does not possess any called Quakers, from their Yearly Meeting decomposition, and that, therefore, it is not apfor Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the western parts of Maryland and Vir- plicable to any considerable extent to purposes
of dissection. ginia :
“ 2. That it removes the fætor of putrifying GENTLEMEN-I receive with pleasure your substances, vegetable and animal, by decomposing affectionate address, and thank you for the the sulphuretted hydrogen upon which that fætor friendly sentiments and good wishes which you chiefly depends. express for the success of my administration, “3. That it is capable of preventing the disand for my personal happiness.
engagement of sulphuretted hydrogen in sick We have reason to rejoice in the prospect that chambers, and in the wards of hospitals, and of the present national government, which, by the removing it in a few minutes, when it is present, favour of Divine Providence, was formed by the not merely by dissipating the smell, but by common counsels, and peaceably established with destroying the poison. the common consent of the people, will prove a “4. That the use of it is simple and easy, blessing to every denomination of them ;-10 and as the occasions on which it is required are render it such, my best endeavours shall not be of constant occurrence, and as it has the peculiar wanting.
advantage of being itself inodorous, its possession Government being among other purposes in- would be a comfort and blessing to private famistituted to protect the persons and consciences lies. of men from oppression,-it certainly is the duty “5. That by decomposing the sulphuretted of rulers, not only to abstain from it themselves, hydrogen, it removes from some offensive combut according to their stations to prevent it in pounds the poison which renders such matters others.
injurious to health and dangerous to life, and by The liberty enjoyed by the people of these changing the ammonia from a volatile into a fixed States, of worshipping Almighty God agreeably substance, and thereby preventing its escape and to their consciences, is not only among the loss, it preserves in such substances the princichoicest of their blessings, but also of their rights. ple which renders it valuable as a manure, while While men perform their social duties faithfully, it presents that principle to the plant in a form they do all that society or the State can with which is known to be highly beneficial to vegepropriety demand or expect, and remain re- tation. sponsible only to their Maker for the religion or “6. That, as it renders the removal of submode of faith which they may prefer or profess. 'stances which emit sulphuretted hydrogen practi
Your principles and conduct are well known cable without creating a nuisance, it ought, in to me; and it is doing the people called Quakers our opinion, to be made a matter of police reguno more than justice to say, that (except their lation, that no receptacle containing such subdeclining to share with others the burthen of stances should be emptied without the previous the common defence,) there is no denomination use of a sufficient quantity of it to destroy all among us who are more exemplary and useful offensive effluvia." - American Journal of Pharcitizens.
macy. I assure you very explicitly that in my opinion the conscientious scruples of all men should be treated with great delicacy and tenderness; and
THE REWARD. it is my wish and desire, that the laws may always be as extensively accommodated to them as a due regard to the protection and essential interests of the nation may justify and permit. Who, looking backward from his manhood's prime, GEO. WASHINGTON. Sees not the spectre of his misspent time;
And, through the shade
Of funeral cypress, planted thick behind,
From his loved dead ?
Who bears no trace of Passion's evil force ? promising such immense advantages to mankind
Who shuns thy sting, O terrible Remorse ? as the nitrate of lead, would attract the attention
Who would not cast of government and the public. Accordingly, Lord
Half of his future from him, but to win Morpeth, as Commissioner of Her Majesty's Wakeless oblivion for the wrong and sin Woods and Forests, submitted the fluid” to the
Of the sealed Past ?
BY J. G. WHITTIER.
Selected for Friends' Review.
Alas! the evil, which we fain would shun,
CONGRESS.—In Senate, 22d ult., Hale, of New We do, and leave the wished-for good undone ; Hampshire, presented the petition of the Yearly Our strength to-day
Meeting of Anti-Slavery Friends of Indiana, prayIs but to-morrow's weakness, prone to fall; ing for the adoption of measures for the immediate Poor, blind, unprofitable servants all,
termination of the war with Mexico, and of Slavery. Are we alway.
The course which has long prevailed in the Senate Yet who, thus looking backward o'er his years,
in relation to petitions on the subject of slavery, is Feels not his eye-lids wet with grateful tears, this: By the presentation of the petition, the If he hath been
question of its reception is considered as raised. Permitted, weak and sinful as he was,
Á motion is made to lay this question on the table, To cheer and aid, in some ennobling cause,
which motion being carried, the question is never His fellow men ?
called up again, and thus the right of petition is as
effectually destroyed as by the bolder "gag law" If he hath hidden the outcast, or let in
which formerly prevailed in the House. On the A ray of sunshine to the cell of sin;
present occasion the usual motion was carried by If he hath lent
à vote of 33 to 9. It is worthy of remark, that Strength to the weak, and, in an hour of need,
while twelve Northern Senators voted for this inOver the suffering, mindless of his creed Or hue, hath bent.
vasion of the right of petition, the name of Under
wood, of Kentucky, is found recorded in the negative. He has not lived in vain; and, while he gives
Another petition on the subject of slavery, also The praise to Him in whom he moves and lives,
presented by Hale, was similarly disposed of, after With thankful heart,
a brief but able address from that Senator, in oppoHe gazes backward, and with hope before,
sition to the course of the Senate. Knowing that from his works he never more
In the House, petitions relating to Slavery are
now received, but a motion is always made to lay
ing the yeas and nays equal. But little business
was transacted by either house last week. Several
days were lost by adjourning out of respect for the Rejoice for a brother deceased ; Our loss is his infinite gain;
memory of deceased members, several of whom
have died during the recess. Senator Fairfield, of A soul out of prison released, And freed from its bodily chain;
Maine, died on the 24th ult. On the 301h, a bill to With songs let us follow his flight,
add ten new regiments to the regular army, was And mount with his spirit above,
taken up, and on that day, and the 3d instant, conEscaped to the mansions of light,
siderable discussion took place upon it. The And lodged in the Eden of love.
debate on this bill will probably include the whole
subject of war, conquest and indemnity. A long Our brother the haven hath gained,
and important discussion may, therefore be exOut-flying the tempest and wind; His rest he hath sooner obtained,
pected. Strong (and, it is earnestly to be hoped, And left his companions behind;
successful) opposition will no doubt be made to Still tossed on a sea of distress,
granting any more supplies for the prosecution of
The great flood in the Obio, reported in our 14th
number, appears to have extended also to most of
the tributaries of that river. A Nashville paper of There all the ship's company meet,
the 20th declares that the Cumberland was at least Who sailed with the Saviour beneath,
sixty feet above low water mark, and that it had With shouting each other they greet, And triumph o'er trouble and death :
produced great destruction and much suffering. The voyage of life's at an end,
The Licking is said to have been higher than ever
before known. The Kanawha, Monongabela, AlThe age that in heaven they spend
leghany and Muskingum, were all much swollen.
On the evening of the 15th, a large new brick
miles above Cincinnati, fell, killing seventeen per-
sons out of thirty-iwo who were in it. The ELEVATION OF LAND IN THE AZORES.-A corres- foundations were supposed to have been washed pondent gives us the following curious piece of out by the current, which was running past it, ten geological information from the Azores.
or twelve feet deep, at the time. “ There has lately been discovered evidence of a considerable elevation having taken place at the THE MARKET.-Flour and Meal. Since the east end of the island of St. Michaels. The old arrival of the Hibernia the market has been beavy, sea beach, marked by unmistakeable sea-boulders, and without demand for shipment; and sales of is visible about three hundred yards within the flour confined to a small demand at $6.50 to present line of coast, and at the height of three $6.621. Rye flour, last sales, $4.75. Corn meal, to four hundred feet above the sea level. The $3.25 to $3.371. 'Wheat, $1.40 to $1.46. Rye line runs round to the east end of the island, from 90 cts. Indian corn 63 or 64 cts. Feathers, westnear Achada to near Fayal de Terra. North
ern, 35 to 36 cts. Pork $6.75 per cwt. Lard 9 American and U. S. Gazette.
cts, in kegs.