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pray: “Before day he went out and departed the comfort and edification of those amongst into a solitary place, and there he prayed." whom she travelled. Separated from the contentions of the world, re- In the year 1838, Maria Fox became a memtired in our heart, and solitary as at Gethsemane, ber of this Monthly Meeting; and we have a we should “ watch and pray always, with sup- testimony to bear to the soundness and the auplication in the Spirit.” “Let none that wait thority of her ministry. It was a gift bestowed on thee be ashamed, and their strength is to sit by the great Head of the church, and she was still,” says the Scripture. If the association of concerned, faithfully to occupy it to his honour. man had such a moral influence on our social She was repeatedly'absent from us in the service life, that we should fly the bad and seek the of the gospel, and being careful to wait for the putgood, how salutary must be the holy company tings forth and the guidance of the Holy Spirit, of our blessed Jesus, with whom we have re- she was given to feel the safety and the blessedtired in the wilderness of our heart to receive ness of moving in simple dependence upon Him. those " things which God hath prepared for them For the poor and the destitute, for the oppressed that love him?” Ah! a soul centred in itself, and the afflicted, for the very outcasts of society, and united with its Saviour, should “ tribulation, for those who were living as without God in or distress, or persecution, or famine, or naked- the world, her soul was oftentimes exercised beness, or peril,” or the voice of his conscience, fore the Lord: and in this village and neighmake desolate his heart, yet he will be more than bourhood, as well as in other parts, when travelconqueror through hiin' that before loved us. ling in the work of the ministry, her labours We have no want of music to excite our senses, were especially directed to such as these. for we carry Divine harmony in our hearts ; it It was her concern in her daily walk, to carry is “ Jesus who is all in all.” 'We have no want out the principles of the gospel in the performof sermons; it is our blessed Jesus who speaks, ance of the various duties of life. The natural who instructs, who edifies : it is no longer the cheerfulness of her disposition, and her uniform voice of man which elevates us to the heavenly kindness and sympathy, endeared her to the sphere ; it is God who descends to man, who friends of this meeting. Her general character brings the heaven into our heart. We are “like was unobtrusive and retiring; but those powers a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth of conversation, which, in early life, when the forth his fruit in his season.” Like a plant, heart was full of the vivacity of youth, had renplanted in a fertile ground, and nourished by its dered her an interesting companion, continued root, so is the sweet plant of faith rooted in our to be conspicuous, corrected, as they were, by Redeemer, from whence we receive joy and age and experience, and regulated by the fear of peace, consolation and comfort, hope and life. God and the power of true religion. She knew Like the calix of a flower, which opens itself how to sympathize with her dear children in from the beneficial rays of the sun; so from the their trials and temptations, entering with inteinfluence of the Sun of Righteousness the heart rest into their pursuits and recreations; and, in becomes inflamed, its lukewarmness changed her general intercourse with young people, she into zeal, the zeal into faith, the faith into love had the talent of combining innocent pleasure and hope. A sinner retired, silently waiting with religious instruction and mental culture. for the Spirit of God, is like a plant which in Whilst her heart was enlarged in charity to the stilly night is refreshed by the dew of hea- all, she was, from mature conviction, firmly atven; his heart is revived and renewed by the tached to the principles and doctrines of our reinfluence of the Spirit of God.—The Christian ligious Society, believing them to be in strict Witness.
accordance with the New Testament. With powers of quick perception and a comprehen
sive mind, she was concerned that every part of A TESTIMONY
divine truth might be received with reverent
thanksgiving. She had no relish for writings From Tottenham Monthly Meeting, concerning of a controversial character, believing their ten
Maria Fox, who died at Tottenham, on the dency to be often injurious, and that they are not 15th of the First month, 1844.
the source from whence ministers of the gospel
are to derive their instruction: but being diligent (Concluded from page 242.)
in the reading of the Holy Scriptures and in In the Fifth month, 1827, she was united in meditating upon them, and waiting before the marriage to our dear friend, Samuel Fox, then Lord for the enlightening influence of his Spirit, residing at Wellington, in Somersetshire, and to they were unfolded to her understanding, to her him she became a most tenderly attached and comfort and edification. faithful companion, and to her beloved children, Our beloved friend felt the preciousness of a very affectionate and ever watchful mother. that redemption which comes through the Lord During her residence in the west of England, Jesus Christ; she loved Him because He first she visited several parts of the nation, with the loved her, and gave Himself for her, and under full concurrence of her friends at home, and to the expansive influence of this love, strong were
her desires that others might love Him also. I one occasion, after recovering from a severe fit She was often brought into a state of great self- of coughing, our dear friend said, in a very emabasement; she knew she had nothing but what phatic manner, “ Peace, be still! and there was she had received, and felt altogether unworthy a great calm. The winds and the waves rage, to be employed in the service of her Lord; but till He speaks the word, but no longer.” At receiving the religion of Christ as full of con- another time she said, “I want not only to solation to the true believer, she did not indulge think that my will is resigned, but to know it.” in gloom or distrust; on the contrary, it was She several times during her illness repeated her endeavour to hope continually, and in every the words, “ I am the Lord that healeth thee;' thing to give thanks.
this word seems given me night after night, Her last journey, in the service of the gospel, • I am the Lord that healeth thee.'” On its was into Scotland and some of the northern being remarked, “ There is no limit to his power counties, in company with her beloved husband. or his love," she rejoined, “ Nor to his compaswas seldom absent from our meetings afterwards. The peaceful repose of her soul in her God During this period, her communications in the and Saviour, was appropriately and beautifully ministry and vocal petitions at the throne of described in the following language of the psalmgrace were not unfrequent, and were attended ist, which she often repeated : " I will both lay with peculiar brightness and power. In the me down in peace, and sleep; for Thou, Lord, , persuasive, constraining love of the gospel, she only makest me dwell in safety.” On one occawas enabled to preach the unsearchable riches sion, before settling for the night, she said, of Christ, and to set before us a view of the “And now, O Lord! thou Keeper of Israel, shortness and uncertainty of this life, and the thou Guide and Guardian of thy people, to necessity of preparation for that which is to Thee we commend our souls.” On awaking come. She was then in possession of more in the course of the same night, she said, “We than a usual share of health, and of that cheerful sit under his shadow with great delight, and his yet chastened enjoyment of life, of which a fruit is sweet to our taste.” At another time, Christian may lawfully partake, until the sudden she said, “ We are having a balmy night,- He commencement of her last illness, a hemorrhage giveth his people a song in the night;' adding from the lungs, on the 15th of the Twelfth month afterwards, “ Songs of deliverance, songs of gralast.
titude, songs of praise, and songs of thanksOn the first attack of the disorder she was giving." Two days before her decease, after perfectly tranquil, saying, “I am very calm being relieved from an attack of pain which I feel that I am in my Heavenly Father's hands." | lasted several hours, she repeated these lines : Some days subsequently, after a similar occasion
" When first thou didst thy all commit, of great exhaustion, our dear friend said, in a
To Him, upon the mercy-seat, very faint voice, “My Heavenly Father knows He gave thee warrant from that hour, all; and his will is a perfect will. Sometimes To trust his wisdom, love and power.” I think that, in his great mercy, He will raise In the course of Second-day, the 15th of the me up, in degree, and at other times, it seems First month, it was evident to those who were as if the frail tabernacle would give way.” On watching her, that the last moment was apher medical attendant remarking, that he be proaching. It would be impossible to convey lieved many hearts were lifted up in prayer for an idea of the sweetness of her manner and her restoration, if it were right in the divine countenance. When much exhausted, she said, sight, she replied, “Rather let them desire for
“ Jesus is my living bread, me, that I may be enabled to say fully and en.
He supports my fainting head.” tirely, Not my will, but thine, O Lord! be
A short time before her departure, on her During the whole of her illness her mind husband's asking her whether she was comwas sustained in patience, humility, and sweet-fortable, she answered, with marked emphasis, ness. She delighted in hearing or repeating
“ Yes, thoroughly.” When the power of artishort portions of Holy Scripture or of favourite culation was nearly gone, he said to her, “ My hymns, and was frequently engaged in vocal dearest knows her Saviour loves her;" to which prayer and thanksgiving to her Heavenly Father, she distinctly replied, “ Yes, and I am reposing whose tender love and compassion were so evi- in his love.”. Soon after, her spirit gently and dent throughout this season of trial, and were peacefully quitted its earthly tabernacle, to enter, so often acknowledged by her, saying at one we reverently believe, into the joy of her Lord. time, “I am sweetly folded in my Saviour's arms;" and at another, “ My comforts are very great, they flow as a river,--all is peace, and M. Arago states that there is in Siberia an rest, and joy." Her illness was not attended entire district where, during the winter, the sky with much bodily pain, but she often suffered is constantly clear, and where a single particle from weakness and difficulty of breathing. On of snow never falls.
From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer. from veins which are demanded in a lens in AMERICAN TELESCOPES.
order that it may produce a perfect image.
Hence, notwithstanding some high pretensions The recent erection of numerous Observato- to the contrary, no good telescope of large diries in this country, furnished with instruments mensions has yet been manufactured of Ameriof the largest class, is a subject of congratulation can glass. The Munich telescopes are all made with every friend of astronomy. The Observa- of glass manufactured under the direction of tory at Cambridge has been provided with a Merz & Mahler themselves, by peculiar methods refracting telescope of twenty-three feet focal which are concealed from the public, and which length, and fifteen inches aperture, at a cost of are the results of the experiments of Guinand eighteen thousand dollars, exclusive of the duties, and Fraunhofer. which amount to thirty per cent. This instru- The experiments which have been made in ment is of the same dimensions as that of Pul- this country in the manufacture of refracting kova, which hitherto was the largest refracting telescopes with the aid of foreign glass, have telescope ever manufactured. The Observatory been more successful. Passing by several very at Cincinnati is provided with a telescope of good instruments of small dimensions, it is beeighteen feet focal length and twelve inches lieved that the telescopes executed by Mr. Henry aperture, at a cost of about ten thousand dollars. Fitz, of this city, are the most remarkable of The Observatory at Washington has a telescope any hitherto made in America, for their size and of fourteen feet focal length, and nine inches quality. Mr. Fitz has completed three telescopes aperture, which cost six thousand dollars; and of five feet focal length, one of seven, and one of the Observatory at Philadelphia has a telescope eight feet. Two of these I have had an opporeight feet focal length and six inches aperture, tunity carefully to examine. One is a telescope which cost two thousand dollars. All these of five feet focal length, and four inches aperture, telescopes were from the establishment of Merz now in the possession of Lewis M. Rutherford, & Mahler, successors to the celebrated Fraunho- Esq.; the other is of eight feet focal length, and fer, at Munich in Germany.
six inches aperture. These are both achromatic; The question is almost daily asked, why that is, each of them consists of two lenses, one do you not patronise American artists ? Can of flint and the other of crown glass. The flint we not make good telescopes in this country? lens is made of glass imported to order from To this question the answer has uniformly been Paris ; the crown lens is of French plate glass. in the negative. Some very good reflecting The five feet telescope is mounted upon a subtelescopes have been made by Mr. Holcombe, stantial equatorial stand, under a revolving dome, of Southwick, Massachusetts, and by several which affords every facility for directing the amateur astronomers. But although these tele- tube towards any part of the heavens. Having scopes afford a good light, and perform remarka- turned the instrument towards Saturn, the planet bly well on double stars and on nebulæ, still the appeared of a beautiful white light without any style of mounting is very rude. They are not sensible prismatic dispersion, and with a perfectly furnished with graduated circles for measuring sharp outline. The shadow of the ring cast the place of a heavenly body, and such append- upon the body of the planet, and the shadow of ages are considered almost indispensable in a the planet cast upon the ring, were both beauregular Observatory. Moreover, the mirrors are tifully seen, and also the belted appearance liable to tarnish from exposure to the air, so that of the planet. It showed distinctly five satelthe preference is now generally given to refract-lites. The planet Neptune was seen without ing telescopes.
any appreciable disk; but its light was such that The experiments which have been made in it was distinctly visible in a brightly illumined this country in the manufacture of refracting field. The planet Mars was seen perfectly telescopes may be divided into two classes : round and sharp, with an irregular stripe of a namely, those which have employed American dark shade across the middle of the disk. Very glass, and those which have employed foreign faint stars are exhibited in this telescope with glass.
remarkable distinctness. The small star “deSeveral telescopes of small dimensions have bilissima,” near Epsilon Lyræ, which is conbeen made of American glass, which have per- sidered a good test object for a seven feet achroformed quite satisfactorily; but the attempts to matic, can be seen in it with comparative ease; make large telescopes with American glass, so and the companion of the Pole star is visible in far as the results have been laid before the public, an illumined field. have invariably proved failures. At several The trial of the other object glass of eight establishments in this country, glass is manufac- feet focus was made under more unfavourable tured which answers perfectly all the ordinary circumstances, as the telescope is not yet entirely purposes of the arts, and for transparency com- completed. The glass is finished, and it is set in pares well with foreign glass; but it has been a neat mahogany tube ; but it has no permanent found impossible to obtain large specimens pos- stand, nor appropriate set of eye-pieces. sessing that entire homogeneity and freedom were obliged to mount it upon a tremulous stand
in the open air; make use of an eye-piece tianity and the practices which it enjoins; and which belonged to the smaller telescope ; and therefore conscientiously abstain from the utterfollow an object in its diurnal course by moving ance or indulgence of harsh or illiberal judgment the tube with the hand. Under all these disad
upon the religious observances of others. vantages the telescope performed admirably. It showed the disk of Saturn sharp and distinct, the worship into which the founders of our re
Yet decidedly and unhesitatingly believing that and of a beautiful white light. The shadow of the ring upon the planet, and of the planet upon
ligious society were led, was that which our Lord the ring were easily seen, and there was scarce recommended, we cannot too ardently desire, or a trace of uncorrected colour to be ascribed to the too earnestly advise, that those who have been lenses.
taught what that worship is, may prize their priviOn the whole, Mr. Fitz has succeeded admi- leges, and zealously labour to maintain it in its rably in grinding lenses of the proper figure. original purity, fulness and spirituality: He has executed several object glasses which are almost entirely free from chromatic and spherical aberration-and which, when tried
We publish in the present number an interesting upon the most difficult test objects, compare well communication from a valued correspondent, from with the best productions of Fraunhofer. It is whose pen we hope to enrich our columns at a to be hoped that Mr. Fitz may receive that en- future day. The subject may appear, to some of couragement in the manufacture of telescopes, our readers, too scientific for a periodical like ours. which his ingenuity and perseverance so richly But one of our objects is to excite and cultivate a deserve.
Elias LOOMIS. taste for scientific inquiries; and among those inNew York University, Nov. 12, 1847. quiries there is none more calculated to open the
understanding to magnificent conceptions of crea
tive wisdom and power, than the science of astroFRIENDS' REVIEW.
nomy. The asteroids, whose actual existence
have been discovered within the last fifty years, PHILADELPHIA, FIRST MONTH 15, 1848. are now found to occupy a place in our system,
which to the older astronomers appeared to be We commend to the notice of our readers the vacant. And the idea that these are the fragments thoughts on public worship, which we have copied of a ruptured world, may well suggest reflections from the London Friend. We do not understand of a serious character in regard to our terraqueous that the author has any connection with our re- sphere. The origin of litholites, or falling stones, ligious society, and his testimony to the excellence has long been a mystery to philosophers. La of those spiritual views by which it has always Place, we think, supposed them to be projected been distinguished, may therefore be regarded as from the moon, with sufficient velocity to come that of a disinterested, but evidently a thoughtsul within the stronger influence of the earth's attracobserver. His remarks upon the physical excite- tion, and thus to find their way eventually to the ment often attendant upon other modes of public ground. A still bolder hypothesis is here sug. worship, recall to our recollection a discourse by gested, as the asteroids, when nearest, are about the late Dr. Chalmers, in which the danger of mis- 170 millions of miles from our planet. It may, taking these sensations for religious impressions is however, be observed, that those bodies revolve forcibly urged. We think we see abundant evi- round the sun with a velocity of about ten and threedence that such mistakes are very frequently quarter miles in a second; and that if by an exmade, and we greatly fear that there is in some plosive force, which may be supposed to have rent quarters an increasing tendency to the substitution the original body into the masses which are visible of merely sensuous excitement, and the gratifica- to the telescope, any smaller fragments were so tion of a cultivated taste for that submission to the impelled as to move with a velocity of a little more teachings of heavenly wisdom, which is always than fifteen miles in a second, which is less than attended with great humiliation and self-abase- the actual celerity of the earth, those fragments ment.
would no longer move in circular or elliptical The ardent mind of the writer of the article re- orbits, but would describe parabolic or hyperbolic ferred to, seems to have led to a censure upon curves, which never return into themselves. This those who adhere to the forms of worship which arises from what Newton has demonstrated in his he disapproves, more indiscriminating than we Principia, Book 1, prop. 16, cor. 7. As an exploshould be willing to endorse. We are fully con- sive force adequate to this effect is easily imagined, vinced that much true piety and religious sincerity it is plainly within the limits of possibility that our are quite compatible with considerable diversity litholites are scattered fragments of a remote and of sentiment in regard to the doctrines of Chris- ruptured world.
There are many propensities of the human mind, MARRIED, --On Fifth-day, the 30th of last month, stamped upon us for salutary purposes, which, if at Friends' Meeting in Haddonfield, New Jersey, not properly guarded, are liable to run into excess, John Gill, all of that vicinity.
Samuel S. WILLITS to REBECCA M., daughter of and betray us into error. Of these propensities, there are probably none more liable to lead the
Died,-On Fourth-day, the 29th ult., MARY judgment astray than those which are connected MASTER, widow of William Master, in the 78th with our affections, and wear the appearance of year of her age. She was a member of the Northvirtue. When any of those whom we loved and
ern District Monthly Meeting of Friends, Phila. valued are removed by death, we naturally feel proof of her allegiance to the Saviour of men.
delphia, and amid many trying circumstances gave and indulge an inclination to forget their errors, Having acknowledged him on earth, and her sins, and remember their virtues. The admonition to we trust, being blotted out in the blood of the tread lightly upon the ashes of the dead, is one which Lamb, the comfortable persuasion is felt, that she ought not to be disregarded; and perhaps there are holy angels.—The Friend.
also was acknowledged before his Father and the few who have followed their particular friends to On the 24th of 12th month last, at the resi
grave, without fancying they discovered excel. dence of Henry Wood, in Bedford, West Chester lencies in their characters which they had till then Co., New York, SARAH JANE WILLETS, aged nearly overlooked. The tender emotions awakened by Willets, late of Indianapolis, Ia. In the summer of
sixteen years, daughter of Jacob S. and Esther their removal, cast a shade over their defects, and 1846, while at Westtown School, she had a spell of double the lustre of all that was excellent. Hence, illness, from which she never entirely recovered. it not unfrequently happens, that obituary notices In the 10th možth last she became more poorly, of particular friends indicate the feelings of the the hope of her recovery was given up. For this
and about three weeks previous to her decease, survivors, rather than the characters of the de. solemn event her mind had evidently been preceased. Epitaphs are proverbially exaggerated; paring. On the day of her death her faith and and yet, from the solemnity of the occasion, we hope were severely tried; but she was afterwards may reasonably question whether they are often, not leave me now; I know thou wilt not—I feel
heard to say, “after being so near thee, thou wilt if ever, intended to disguise or disfigure the truth. it-I see it-I hear it; but wilt make me to lie But even when nothing is asserted in relation to down in green pastures, and lead me by the still the departed, which encroaches on the strictest waters.” Half an hour before her final close she veracity, the attachment of surviving friends is
fell into a sweet sleep, from which she did not
awake. very liable to invest the character with a degree of On the 1st inst., at her residence in Bur. importance, which others, not similarly attached, lington, New Jersey, in the 71st year of her age, cannot allow it. The circumstances and observa- Mary S. Morris, widow of Richard Hill Morris tions attendant upon the close, though calculated known as a valuable member, deeply interested in
formerly of this city. The deceased was well to make lasting and salutary impressions upon the the welfare of our religious society. witnesses of the scene, may be incapable of im
In Clinton, Dutchess Co., New York, on proving the understandings, or softening the hearts First-day, the 2d 'inst., ABIGAIL, wife of John of those who only hear them described. It thus Wood, aged about 29 years, a much esteemed
member of Creek Monthly Meeting. sometimes happens that editors of periodicals, to whom such notices are sent for insertion, are unde
For Friends' Review. signedly placed in an unpleasant situation. Know
THE ASTEROIDS. ing, as they must, the tenderness of surviving friends, they are unwilling to wound their feelings Herschell, to that family of ultra-zodiacal planets,
This title was given, by the celebrated Dr. by the omission or abridgement of their obituaries, Herschell
, to that family of ultra-zodiacal planets, and yet may be sensible that extended narratives
, which, by the discoveries of the early part of the unaccoinpanied with extraordinary and instructive present century, were added to our knowledge of
the Solar System. circumstances, must, to the generality of their
The planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, readers, be destitute of interest or advantage. With Jupiter and Saturn, only were known to the regard to our course in conducting the Review, we early astronomers, and these, with the Sun and can assure our friends who have favoured us with Moon, were supposed to complete the planetary notices of this kind, that no disrespect to the living system. To these, the discovery of Dr. Heror the dead was designed by any elisions hitherto schell, in 1781, added the Georgian Sidus, or made; and we trust that no injustice will in future Uranus, as it is now called. Here, for about
On the be done to any which shall come into our hands, and twenty years, discovery seemed to rest
. which we hope our friends and correspondents will
first day of the year 1801, an Italian astronomer, continue to furnish. Wemust, however, use the free-first of the Asteroids, which astronomers agreed
by the name of Guiseppe Piazzi, discovered the dom of reducing those that appear too long, to such to call Ceres. In the following year, Dr. Olbers, dimensions as we can afford them in our columns. of Bremen, from his private observatory, disco