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The usual business of the meeting was subse

PRAYER. quently gone through, and the Yearly Meeting closed on 7th day, under a feeling of quiet and

God of mercy, throned on high,

Listen from thy lofty seat; solemnity.

Hear, oh hear! our feeble cry; In the Women's Yearly Meeting, the epistles

Guide, oh guide ! our wandering feet. from all the Yearly Meetings were read and answered as usual.

Young and erring travellers, we

All our dangers do not know,
For Friends' Review.

Scarcely feel the stormy sea,
Catalogue and Cirular of the Western

Hardly feel the tempest blow. Agricultural School, Indiana, 1847.

Jesus, lover of the young, We learn from this circular, that the Western

Cleanse us with thy blood divine, Quarterly Meeting (a branch of Indiana Yearly

Ere the tide of sin grows strong,

Save us! Help us ! Make us thine. Meeting,) has opened a sehool for the instruction of its members and others, which is super

When perplexed in danger's snare, intended by its committee. A fine site, near

Thou alone our guide can'st be ; Bloomfield Meeting House, Parke County, has

When oppressed with wo and care,

Whom have we to trust but thee? been procured, and suitable buildings, 52 feet by 30 feet, erected. The school, which had pre

Let us ever hear thy voice, viously occupied a temporary location, was re

Ask thy counsels every day;

Saints and angels will rejoice, moved to the new building in the 11th month,

If we walk in wisdom's way. last. The number of students, male and female, who have attended during a part or the whole

Saviour, give us faith, and pour of last year, is 124; of whom 64 were boarders.

Hope and love on every soul ; The object of the institution is stated to be, " to

Fope, till time shall be no more,

Love, while endless ages roll. inspire a high estimate of the importance of labour, and a love for rural pursuits; to introduce the most useful studies, and especially those

FICTITIOUS WRITING. which illustrate agriculture,-and to adopt the Eyes dazzled long with fiction's gaudy rays, practice of manual labour, as far as circum- In sober truth nor light nor beauty find stances will permit.” To promote these ends, And who, my child, would trust the meteor blaze, a judiciously selected course of studies has been That soon must fail and leave the wanderer blind,

More dark and helpless far, than if it ne'er had shined ? commenced, combined with moral and religious

BEATTIE. instruction, in accordance with our Christian principles. A small library and some collections in natural history, are secured; and through the DIED,—At Charleston, South Carolina, on the liberality of some kind friends in England, a 19th of 4th month last, ARNOLD CONGDON, in the contribution towards a philosophical and chemi- 59th year of his age, a beloved member of Procal apparatus has been received. The demand vidence Monthly Meeting, R. I. He evinced for labour in the vicinity of the school, offers much resignation and tranquillity of mind to the more than ordinary advantages for the manual last, and his ground of hope was undividedly in labour plan; and we learn that the students, when the love and mercy of our Heavenly Father, in not occupied on the farm belonging to the insti- and through Jesus Christ. tution, find employment for the intervals of study, with the neighboring farmers. Some

DIED, ---At his

residence in Plymouth, Monthave, in this way, paid the cost of their main gomery county, Penn., on Second day evening, tenance, without interfering with their progress COMFORT,

an approved minister of the gospel in

the 30th day of the Eighth month, 1847, EZRA in learning.

The number of children in this frontier Quar- the religious Society of Friends, in the 71st terly Meeting is large; and we think the Friends year of his age. who have entered upon this enterprise, are entitled to the sympathy and countenance of their

West Town School. We are struck with the statement in the circular, that, of those who attended the school last

The Committee to superintend the boarding year, eighteen have since been employed in school at West Town, will meet there on Sixth teaching. It is thus that the literary instruction day morning, the 15th inst. at 10 clock. of the children is to be efficiently promoted.

The Committee on Instruction, to meet the fellow professors, who are more favourably sit- preceding evening at 7 o'clock. uated.

The Visiting Committee to attend the semi

annual examination, commencing on Third day They are the rich whose treasures lie

morning, the 12th inst.
In hearts, not hands—in heaven, not here;

Whose ways are marked by pity's sigh,
And mercy's tear.

Phila. 10th mo. 2d, 1847.-2t





No. 3.


which it is pretended that the patent was given

in payment of a debt, or in consideration of a Pablished Weekly by Josiah Tatum, pecuniary equivalent. The extension of the No. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, British empire, the advancement of commercial PHILADELPHIA.

enterprise, and the profits expected from the fifth Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six part of the gold and silver ore to be discovered copies for ten dollars.

in the country, were the objects of these donaThis paper is subject to newspaper postage only. tions. This reservation of ore was contained in

Elizabeth's patent to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, For Friends' Review.

and thence copied into all the subsequent ones; CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

including the charter of Pennsylvania.

In the second place, it must be remembered, It has been asserted by several historians, and there was no national debt in England until generally believed, that William Penn received after the accession of William and Mary, in 1688. the grant of Pennsylvania in payment of a debt Previous to that time, subsidies were granted to of sixteen thousand pounds, which had become the monarch to meet the expenses of governdue to the Admiral, his father, on account of ment, civil and military; but no specific approadvances made by him for the sea service, and priations were made by the parliament. The arrearages of his pay. And a question may be debts which were created and left unpaid, in raised, whether William Penn, in receiving this supporting the army and navy, became, of course, payment for the military services of his father, the debts of the monarch, and not of the nation. was acting in strict conformity with his reli- Whatever advances and arrearages of pay regious profession. Those who are disposed to mained due to Admiral Penn, were the debts of judge unfavourably of him and his profession Charles Stuart. The unoccupied lands in that will probably answer this question in the nega- part of America were claimed, either on the tive; while his advocates may decide that Wil-plea of prior discovery, or of conquest. In liam Penn was not responsible for the principles either case they did not become the private of his father; and that the latter, having become property of the king, to be applied to the disthe acknowledged creditor of the king or the charge of his personal debts. They could, at best, government, the son might very properly em- only be considered the property of the English ploy this, as he was evidently employing a large nation; and the power of granting an exclusive part of his patrimonial inheritance, in promoting privilege to plant and improve any of them, the virtue and happiness of his cotemporaries, and which the king was understood to possess, was in laying a broad foundation for the permanent held, not as a personal right, but as a part of the melioration of civil society. This question, how- royal prerogative. That prerogative was not ever, may be satisfactorily disposed of without then, if it ever was, well defined. The royal being solved, if it should appear that this debt revenue was, in theory at least, designed to was not the origin of the grant, and was never enable the monarch to defray the expenses of understood by William Penn to have been paid government. This was unquestionably the purat all.

pose for which the fifth of the gold and the silver The opinion, that the grant of the province ore was reserved. For the king to appropriate was made in liquidation of this debt, seems to this territory to the payment of his personal have originated with Besse, the earliest biogra- debts, without an act of parliament, would pher of William Penn; and to have been copied have been to adopt a measure irreconcileable by subsequent writers, with very little examina- with the theory of the government. tion. That it was totally erroneous, will, I ap- Thirdly. We have seen William Penn, near prehend, be readily shown.

the time when he applied for his patent, uniting In the first place it may be observed, that of in a remonstrance, if indeed he was not the all the previous charters granted by the Kings author of it, in which it is explicitly asserted or Queens of England for the unsettled lands in that the land in West Jersey did not belong to America, there is not a solitary instance in the Duke of York, but to the natives; and the

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same argument was applicable to the lands in the Admiral's heir, he should


the grant Pennsylvania, which no more belonged to the to be in liquidation of the debt.-MS. History king, than those in West Jersey did to the Duke. of North America. Did William Penn, then, purchase, at the cost of sixteen thousand pounds, the privilege of buying

A TESTIMONY the Indian lands, and exercising a government of Cheshire Monthy Meeting, concerning ANN in the new colony, more dependent upon the JONES, of Stockport, deceased. crown than those which his predecessors had It having pleased Him whose way is perfect been permitted to establish for a nominal re- to remove from amongst us this our dear and turn?

honoured friend in the Truth, we feel it due from Fourthly. If the province was actually sold us to issue a Memorial respecting her, under a to William Penn, or conveyed as a liquidation solemn sense of our loss, and that whilst “the of a debt, we should expect to find some ex- faithful fail from among the children of men,” pression in the charter indicating an exchange too few lay it deeply to heart. In speaking of of equivalents. But the charter is in the usual her as a servant of the Lord who was early form; with the nominal payment of two beaver bound to the law and to the testimony,” we skins annually, as Lord Baltimore was to pay desire to ascribe the praise to the glory of His two Indian arrows, and the reservation of one

grace, whereby she was what she was; and fifth of the gold and silver ore.

which, through faith, ever remains to be suffiLastly. In one of his letters, written after the cient to purify and to sustain the dedicated folaccession of James II., William Penn speaks of lowers of Christ, and to qualify them to fill sixteen thousand pounds, which he says the late with acceptance their respective allotments in king owed him, in terms totally irreconcileable His church. with the idea that this debt had ever been paid.* Our dear friend was the third daughter of In one of his letters, written after the charter Joseph and Sarah Burgess, of Grooby Lodge, in was obtained, he says, “ I have been these thir- the county of Leicester, and was born there in teen years the servant of Truth and Friends, and the Ninth month, 1774. It was the religious for my testimony's sake lost much; not only of concern of her exemplary parents to bring up the greatness and preserment of this world, but their children in the fear of the Lord, and the sixteen thousand pounds of my estate, which, diligent attendance of our religious meetings; had I not been what I am, I had long ago ob- carefully guarding them from unsuitable compatained. But I murmur not, the Lord is good to

ny, and the reading of publications calculated me, and the interest his truth has given me with to ensnare the youthful mind. We believe this his people may more than repair it; for many watchful care and Christian solicitude were are drawn forth to be concerned with me, and blessed to their offspring, and greatly promotive perhaps this way of satisfaction hath more of of the preservation of our dear friend, through the hand of God in it, than a downright pay- her early years, in the way of truth and virtue. ment.”+ From this letter it appears that William Penn's religious principles either stood in very delicate, so that it was thought by many

For some years during early life her bealth was the way of receiving this debt, or prevented the her days would be few : about this period, she covered : and that he viewed the grant of Penn- passed through great conflict of spirit, and deep covered : and that he viewed the grant of Penn- inward exercise of soul, preparatory to the sylvania, as a probable remuneration from the solemn work to which she was afterwards Divine hand, for the loss wbich his religion had called. Though naturally of a lively disposioccasioned, and not as a payment from the tion and energetic mind, she was now much king.

drawn into inward retirement and watchfulness, It is not strange that Besse, who wrote his her countenance and manner being strikingly biography of William Penn, during the reign of solid; and it is believed that she was thus George ř., when a national debt had become strengthened to make a surrender of her will familiar to the people of Great Britain, should to the Divine Will. overlook the distinction between the debts of

Whilst on a visit at Coalbrookdale, about the the king and those of the nation. And that latter end of the year 1796, being twenty-two finding two unquestionable facts, a debt due years of age, she first appeared in the ministry from Charles II. to Admiral Penn; and the in a meeting for worship at Shrewsbury; and, grant of Pennsylvania from the same king to co-operating with the Divine Gift, she was fa

• This letter is dated at London, in 1689, about four youred with the unfoldings of Truth, until she
years after the death of Charles II. In it, speaking of became an eminent instrument in the Lord's
the losses he had sustained, he observes, “ had I pressed hand of demonstrating to others the efficacy of
my own debts with King James, that his brother owed His universal grace, as faithfully adhered to.
me, there had been sixteen thousand pounds.” This is

She had often to descend as into the deeps,
one of the original letters recently published. Vide and partake of the baptism which now saveth,
“ The Friend,” vol. vii. p. 67.
† Clarkson

many being the conflicts of flesh and spirit

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which infinite Wisdom saw meet she should / which our beloved friend was eminently gifted, pass through, but under all she was preserved her solicitude being that all might be gathered in much quiet resignation; and in this precious to the true fold, and, through watchfulness, ly humbled state, was enabled abundantly to dwell in Christ Jesus the living vine. bring from the Treasury things new and old, About the year 1823, under the flowings of to the tendering and refreshing of her friends. pure love, she held numerous meetings of this Through the humbling operations of the Spirit description, in districts embracing the whole of of Truth, she became qualified, in the authority the town and neighbourhood in which she reof Divine power, to stand as a mother in Israel, sided, which were very largely attended; and and as an upright pillar in the Lord's house. in the succeeding year, she held similar meetAs a faithful minister of the everlasting Gospel, ings with the inhabitants of the Isle of Man. she was much esteemed amongst us; being sound From the year 1826 to 1830, she was united in doctrine, and reverently careful to wait for with her husband in an extensive religious visit the puttings forth and guidance of the Good on the American continent; where we beShepherd. Our Christian testimonies were dear lieve she proved an instrument of much usefulto her from deep religious conviction, so that ness, and at a time of peculiar trial and diffifirm and unwavering in her attachment she was culty to Friends of that land. After her return zealously concerned for their faithful mainte- from this arduous engagement, it was not long nance—the many deviations apparent being before she was again called to her Heavenly cause of grief and mourning to her; and she Father's service, in which she was frequently had deeply to lament the supineness, the world- engaged up to the year 1841. ly-mindedness, and the spiritual lethargy of pro- Towards the honest-hearted, however obscure, fessors of Truth.

our dear friend had true regard. Her love was Her Gospel labours were extensive, and she without dissimulation,” cherishing in any the had good service therein, being favoured with appearance of good, whilst she abhorred all much clearness of spiritual discernment, and en- evil, and was a sharp reprover of the libertine abled to minister in the baptizing power of the professor. With the afflicted in spirit, and Spirit of Life, “rightly dividing the word of those under perplexity and trial, she nearly truth,” as sealed in many hearts.

sympathized, often being made instrumental to In 1802, and during subsequent years, she their relief, and towards the necessitous poor she was much engaged in visiting the meetings of was a kind friend; her tender commiseration Friends, paying family visits, and holding meet- extending to them in liberal help and appropriings with those not in membership with us, in ate counsel, according to her ability and their most parts of England ; and in 1809 she was need. liberated to attend the Yearly Meeting at Dub- The solemn stroke which removed hence her lin,-in 1810 to visit the Northern Counties and beloved husband on the 30th of Twelfth month, Scotland,—and in 1811 she was engaged in re- 1841, she sustained with exemplary Christian ligious service in Ireland. In the Sixth month, feeling; marking especially the period as it re1813, she received an injury on the spine from volved with religious thoughtfulness. At that a fall, from the effects whereof she never fully date, in 1844, she wrote to a friend as follows : recovered, and to which she thus alludes, 21st -“For what purpose my life has been lengthof 8th month :—" Time, warmth, and rest, are ened to this day, is best known to Him who the only things I now look to, under the bless- knoweth all things. If the great purpose of ing of the Great Physician, as likely to restore life, the redemption and reconciliation of the me; and even if these fail, I feel that it is my immortal part to Him who gave me being, duty to endeavour to acquiesce, and suffer pa- may be accomplished through the precious tiently, if suffering be my lot, instead of labour blood of Christ, who died that I, that we, might in the church militant; so that the great work live in and unto Him, in and through the obediof self-reduction, humiliation, and refinement ence of faith, no matter what the sufferings and of spirit, go forward; it matters not by what conflicts of this present life may be. Whilst I means." Whilst labouring under this physical must thankfully acknowledge that mercy and injury, she had certificates granted her for re- goodness have followed me all my life long to ligious engagements from home, which were the present day, I am fully aware of the need thereby much impeded in the accomplishment of continued watchfulness unto prayer, how

In the Sixth month, 1815, she became a mem- ever deficient I may be in keeping the watch. ber of this Monthly Meeting by marriage with As a vessel after a long voyage comes near the our late dear friend George Jones-proving to port, there are rocks, and shoals, and many him a faithful companion, and true helper. dangers, which none but the true Pilot can From this period they were often associated guard and keep the poor bark from running upon. in Gospel labours of love amongst her friends May the watch be strictly kept, with the eye in this country, and in holding meetings with single to the Heavenly Pilot, and His holy comthose not in profession with us; a service for mands obeyed, then all will be well.”

At the same period, in 1845, she thus ex- | been accustomed to the minute investigation of pressed herself to a friend who called upon her: nature. I am tempted by it to put in a plea for

“ Perhaps thou rememberest this day four that order of animated beings, which is in danyears ago; it is a time I always remember, and ger of becoming universally obnoxious in connow more solemnly than ever, as my own sequence of our regarding them from a single course seems nearly run. At one time I little point of view only. In a late number of Chamexpected to have seen this day, but we are in bers' Journal there is an article on Insect Imthe hands of One who doeth all things well and portance, from which I propose to select some wisely.”

striking facts, illustrative of their great value to Writing to a friend when illness was in his mankind. To begin with the Silkworm. The family about this period, she observes: “Whe- splendid tissue produced by this insect has been ther at home or at meeting, ill or well, may this known from the remotest antiquity. Though be our first and principal engagement: to seek the worm was early cultivated in China, it does the Lord, if haply we may find him, to the not appear to have reached Europe until the 6th strengthening, refreshing, and comforting the century. Since then the manufacture of silk immortal soul, ever remembering that He is a has continued to hold a high place in the ecorich rewarder of those who diligently seek him nomy of the Southern States of that continent, in resignation of spirit, to do or suffer whatever and many thousands of human beings have been is His holy unerring will.”

dependent on it for support. We need scarcely The injury which she met with in 1813 in- repeat the process by which this most splendid duced much feebleness and inability to walk or fabric is obtained from the labours of an unmove about, and this difficulty greatly increased sightly worm. Wherever civilization has in the two last years of her life, preventing her reached, there is there a demand for silk. In regularly meeting with her friends for religious Britain alone, the annual value of the manuworship for more than a year. This she much facture is estimated at nearly fifty millions of regretted. By means of a sedan, she was en-dollars. Italy produces eleven millions of abled to accomplish it a few times during the pounds of the raw silk every year, and it is essummer of 1845, but the effort being more than timated that the culture and manufacture of silk she was equal to, she expressed her belief it was in the various nations of Europe and Asia crebest not to make the trial again, adding, “I ate an annual circulating medium of between should be truly glad to meet with my friends 150 and 200 millions of dollars. “So much for the solemn purpose of worshipping God in for the importance of an humble insect, which, Spirit and in Truth; but when we have done had it been shown to our ancestors five hundred all we can, we must endeavour to leave it, and years ago, would have been as little valued as seek after resignation to the Divine Will.” To the earth-worm beneath their sandals.” the last she was very particular that no one The Cochineal Insect, from which the red should stay away from meeting unnecessarily dye stuff of that name is obtained, when full on her account, often making sweet and suita- grown, is not larger than a grain of barley. The ble comments on the strict performance of this principal supply of this insect is from Mexico, great duty, whilst blessed with health and abili- where it forms a staple commodity of export. ty: and on taking leave of those who were It feeds upon various plants of the Cactus tribe. going, she repeatedly desired they might be The females, when arrived at maturity and befavoured with access to the footstool of mercy, come torpid, are detached from the plant by a and when that was the case, that ability might blunt knife or split bamboo, placed in bags and be felt to put up the earnest petition on her be- dipped into hot water to kill them, and then half; “even,” she said, “ that my faith may not dried in the sun. Although by these processes fail, but that faith and patience may hold out to they lose two-thirds of their weight, more than the end, that patience may be renewed accord- one million and a half of pounds are annually ing to my need. My state of weakness and bodily brought to Europe, each pound being supposed trial is such, that I often find it difficult to stay to contain 70,000 insects. Great Britain alone my mind on God, and that is a trial to me. May pays not less than one million of dollars per anpatience have her pefect work."

num for the dried carcass of a tiny insect. (To be continued.)

How many of our readers are in the habit of using sealing wax, without knowing that they

owe it to the labours of an insect? In Bengal, INSECT IMPORTANCE.

and other parts of Southern Asia, myriads of a

small insect deposite their eggs on the leaves A correspondent in the last number of the and branches of certain trees, and as soon as deReview has pleaded forcibly for the Birds. His posited cover them with the peculiar substance estimate of the destruction of the fruit-destroy- called gum-lac. As each insect produces ing insects by these beautiful executioners, must many eggs, and each egg has a separate envehave surprised those who have not, like himself, lope, the entire nest has a cellular arrangement

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For Friends' Review.

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