« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
shillings per acre.* Independently, therefore, of ousness; and in a little preface, she urged the the other advantages which will attend it, there importance of endeavouring to appropriate the will be an actual money profit from the under truths contained in it, with a heart uplifted, that taking.
the blessed Spirit might apply the word; and “ The quantity of water to be lifted is caleu- concludes, •The rapid and ceaseless passing away lated at about a thousand millions of tons. This of the days and weeks, as well as the months of would have required a hundred and fourteen the year, as numbered at the head of each day's windmills of the largest size stationed at intervals text, it is hoped may prove a memento of the speed round the lake, and working for four years, at a with which time is hastening on, and remind the total cost of upwards of £300,000; while at the reader of the importance of passing it as a presame time, after the first exhaustion of the waters paration for eternity, in the service of God and was completed, the greater number of these mills for the benefit of mankind. As soon as her would have been perfectly useless. How wonder- little work was finished, she began its distribuful appears the progress of mechanical art !- tion; thousands and thousands did she give three steam-engines to do the work of one hun away, besides multitudes that were otherwise dred and fourteen huge mills—in one third of the circulated. Where have not these little text time, and at less than one half the cost !
books penetrated, from the monarch's gilded hall, « One of these monster engines-of English to the felon's dungeon. manufacture-working, polypus-like, eleven huge - Many instances of their usefulness came to suckers at the extremity of as many formidable light, but one only shall be mentioned here. arms, has been already erected, and tried at the Two or three years after their publication, a text southern extremity of the lake in the neighbour- book, bound in red leather, which she had given hood of Leyden. To this first machine, the not to a little grandson, fell out of his pocket at the ungrateful name of The LEEGHWATER has been Lynn Mart, where he had gone to visit the lions, given. Vain honours we pay at last to the He was a very little boy, and much disconcerted memory of men whose minds were too forward at the loss of his book, for his name was in it, and too capacious for their time—who were de- and that it was the gift of his grandmother, nied by their contemporaries the few kind words written by herself. The transaction was almost of sympathy which would have done so much to forgotten, when nearly a year afterwards, the comfort, sustain, and strengthen them!
clergyman of a parish, about eight miles from “ 'The annual drainage of the lake is calculated Lynn, gave the following history of the lost book. at fifty-four millions of tons, of which twenty He had been sent for to the wife of a man, living millions will require in some seasons to be listed on a wild common at the outskirts of his parish, in the course of one or two months.
a notorious character, between a poacher and a railway undertakings not sprung up to rival or rat catcher. The wife no better than himself
. excel it
, we should have unhesitatingly claimed The message was brought to the clergyman, by for this work, the praise of being the boldest the medical man who attended her, and who effort of civil engineering in modern times." after describing her as being most strangely
altered, added you will find the lion become a
lamb,' and so it proved; she, who had been wild ELIZABETH FRY.
and rough, whose language had been violent, and I find in the London Friend some extracts her conduct untamed, lay on a bed of exceeding from the second volume of the Memoirs of this suffering, humble, patient, and resigned remarkable woman, which is now in press in " Her child had picked up the text book and this city. The following passages possess much carried it home as lawful spoil. Curiosity, or interest
. I trust the correspondent who furnish- some feeling put into her heart by Him without ed the review of the first volume of these me- whose leave a sparrow falleth not to the ground, moirs will shortly gratify many of your readers had induced her to read it; the word had been by resuming his pen.
C. blessed to her, and her understanding opened to “She had long felt the difficulty of young receive the gospel of truth. She could not depeople generally, and of older ones in active life, scribe the process, but the results were there. possessing themselves of any scriptural instruc- Sin had in her sight become hateful; blasphemy tions, before commencing the employments of the was po longer heard from her lips. She drew day.
from under her pillow, her precious book,' her “ Amidst her numerous avocations, she found dear little book,' which had taken away the time to select a passage of scripture for every fear of death.' She died soon afterwards, filled day in the year. She endeavoured to combine with joy and hope in believing ; having in these in it, that which is profitable for doctrine, for detached portions of scripture, been directed to a reproof, for correction, for instruction in righte- Saviour, all-sufficient to bear her heavy burden
of guilt, and present her, clad in His own spot•If the area of the lake be, as we have stated in a less righteousness, before the throne of God. previous page, about seventy square miles, it contains only 45,000 acres, and the cost of reclaiming is still
Upon my return home to Dagenham this about £3 an acre.
day week, in the pony chair, with little Edmund
For Friends' Review.
Gurney, there was a severe thunder storm the HISTORY OF GUTTA PERCHA. greater part of the way : but I felt quite easy to We find the following in the London News, persevere through it. But when I arrived at the respecting this curious and useful article, which Chequers Inn, I thought another storm was was first introduced into this country, as an articoming, and went in. We had been there but a cle of manufacture by S. T. Armstrong. few minutes, when we saw a bright flash of This substance is of recent introduction to lightning, followed instantaneously by a tremen- England, and was first brought under the notice dous elap of thunder ; upon being asked whether of the Society of Arts in the autumn of 1843. I was alarmed, I said that I certainly was, and The history of its discovery is thus given by
happened Dr. Montgomerie
near to us. My
, : While at Singapore, in 1842, 1, on one oe
arrived safely, but in a few minutes a young casion, observed in the hands of a Malayan man was carried in dead, struck with the light- woodsman, the handle of a parang made of a ning, in a field close by. I felt our escape ; yet substance which appeared quite new to me. still more the awful situation of the young man, My curiosity was excited, and, on inquiry, I who was a sad character; he had been at found it was made of the Gutta Percha, and that the Meeting at Beacontree Heath. This awful it could be moulded into any form, by simply event produced a rery serious effect in the neigh- dipping it into boiling water until it was heated bourhood, so much so, that we believed it right throughout, when it becomes plastic as clay, to invite all the relations of the young man, (a and, when cold, regained unchanged its original bad set) and the other young men of the neigh- hardness and rigidity. I immediately possessed bourhood to meet us in the little Methodist myself of the article, and desired the man to meeting house, which ended in one more rather fetch me as much more of it as he could get. On large public meeting. The event and circum- making some experiments with it, I at once disstances altogether made it very solemn; it ap- covered that, if procurable in large quantities, it peared to set a seal to what had passed before would become extensively useful.” The discoin our other meetings. My belief is, that they very was communicated to the Medical Board have had a stirring effect in this neighbourhood, of Calcutta, and subsequently to the Society of but they have been very humbling to me; the Arts in London. whole event of this young man's awful death Sir W. J. Hooker states the tree from which has much confirmed me in the belief, that our Gutta Percha is procured, to belong to the natuconcern was a right one, and tended to prepare the ral order sapotaceæ, found in abundance in the minds of the people to profit by such a lesson." Island of Singapore, and in some dense forests
at the extremity of the Malayan peninsula. LUTHER ON REGENERATION.
Mr. Brook reports the tree to be called “ Niato" In a sermon on John v. 1-15, Luther phara- by the Sarawak people, but they are not acphrases our Lord's conversation with Nicodemus, quainted with the properties of the
it attains in the following manner, thus giving his own a considerable size, even as large as six feet in views of that vital doctrine of which Nicodemus diameter; is plentiful in Sarawak, and most prowas ignorant.
bably all over the island of Borneo. The tree The thing is not to do new works, but first to is stated to be one of the largest in the forests in be new; not otherwise to live, but otherwise to which it is found. The timber is too loose and be born. It will not do for any man to put the open for building purposes : but the tree bears doing before the being, to set the fruits besore or a fruit which yields a concreie oil, used for food. on a level with the root. The tree must be first Gutta Percha is contained in the sap and made new, and the root good and perfect; and milky juice, which quickly coagulates on expothen will the fruits be good also. It is not the sure to the air; from twenty to thirty pounds hanil, the foot, or the work of either of them, being the average produce of one tree. For which is to be altered, but the whole person. collecting the sap, the trees are felled, barked,
“ 'That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and and left dry and useless, so great is the demand that which is born of the spirit is spirit.” Here for the Gutia, the importation of which already are two clear sayings by which he casts to the reaches many hundred tons annually. Hence ground ihe Pharisees' dream of a natural new the fores:s will soon be cleared of the Gutta birth ; and in the first part passes a short, bold, trees; whereas it is believed that a constant and weighty, and terrible sentence upon all men as moderate supply might be secured by incisions they are by nature; by which it is concluded, in the bark, as in the case of caoutchouc. that the doctrine and the works of the law, which The Gutta is recei ed in straps, or in rolls of man can perform by following it, will ne er thin layers. It is firsı freed from impurities by make a man free from sin, or just before God; kneading in hot water, when it is left soft and bec. use the na:ure is not altered by them, but plastic and of a whii: h
colour. remains as before. By them, therefore, can no When thus prepared, the Gutta has many man come to the kingdom of God or obtain curious properties. Below the temperature of eternal life.
50 degrees, it is as hard as wood, but it will
soon receive an indentation from the finger nail. Estimating that it would cost $10,000 a foot lift When softened in hot water, it may easily be for making slackwater navigation on the Ohio, cut and moulded ; and it will harden, as it cools, Mississippi and Missouri rivers, for steamboats to its former rigidity; and it may be softened of 800 tons burthen, then 3000 miles of these and hardened any number of times without in- three rivers say 600 feet fall in each, at $10,000 jury to the material
. Unlike caoutchouc, it has a foot-would make $18,000,000 outlay; and little elasticity; but it has such tenacity that a this would give employment to 60,000 persons slip, one-eighth of an inch in substance, sustained for a whole year. 42 lbs. weight, and only broke with a pressure Railroads in a level country cost about $20,000 of 56 lbs. When drawn out it remains without a mile, with a consumption of iron of 100 tons contracting
per mile. Thus 2600 miles of railroad might In solution, Gutta Percha is applied, like be constructed for $52,000,000; giving employ. caoutchouc, for water-proofing cloth. It is ment to about 175,000 hands for a whole year, likewise used for numerous purposes for which and consuming 260,000 tons of iron. And all leather is used; in mastics, cements, &c. In this without vomito or other fatal diseases ; short, it promises to become as important an without the horrid butcheries that accompany article of commerce as caoutchouc itself. war, but on the contrary, the labour performed
The name is a pure Malayan one; gutta, in a healthy climate, among friends and neigh. meaning the gum, or concrete juice of the plant, bours. and percha, the particular tree from which this But
these 3000 miles of slackwater is procured. The ch is not pronounced hard like and 2600 miles of railroad, costing together only a k, but like the ch in the English name of the the $70,000,000, which our army will cost in a fish perch. It has been suggested to Dr. Mont- single year, should require for their construction gomerie, that the Gutta Percha would be useful seven years, surely the sum of $10,000,000 per in stopping decayed teeth.
annum will be less seriously felt as a burden, In February last
, the London company, in while it is all expended at home, than the other connection with the East India company, took will be which will principally be carried abroad. measures to stop the felling of the trees, and at And when it is remembered that in the latter an expense of some ten or twenty thousand case the country will prosper: that morals and pounds sterling, introduced the mode of tapping religion will be promoted, and our institutions be the trees, and drawing the sap, the same as strengthened, Congress cannot hesitate as to the caoutchouc is drawn, and in this way it is all choice it should make between the issues of War gathered, and all Gutta Percha, or Gutta Tuban, and Peace.-North American & U. S. Gazette. collected in that country, inust pass through the hands of the Rajahs to the merchant.
MUSIC OF THE SPHERES.
On Friday, Dec. 25th, 1846, at about 2 P. M. à noise was heard in the environs of Mindethal,
(Germany,) in a circumference of at least 18 The bill now under consideration by Congress, leagues in diameter, resembling in the first inproposing to add ten regiments to the army, will, stance a distant cannonade. After twenty almost should it pass, make our force in Mexico amouut uniform discharges, this noise changed to a to 70,000 men, which, at an expense of $1000 a rumbling, the sound of which strikingly reman, will make the cost $70,000,000 per annum. sembled that of a kettle drum, and ended with To this it may be added, that of the 70,000 sounds like those of distant trumpets. The men, at least 10,000 will probably be cut off by whole phenomenon lasted about three minutes, vomito and other diseases, or killed in the open and was heard in the same manner throughout conflict of arms, and by private assassinations; the entire district. Every auditor imagined that and for those who thus die, there is not even he heard a noise over his own head, but nothing the consolation that they have fallen in a good was seen explanatory of the phenomenon.
In cause, as the enemies against whom they are the village of Schoenenberg, however, west of contending, are not only weak and feeble, but Mindethal, several persons discovered above the are fighting in defence of their own soil. Mean- houses a black ball rapidly descending, and a while the country at home is involved in all sorts
man saw this fall into a garden. The news of of trouble: its business becomes deranged: its the event soon spread abroad, and all the incitizens suffer vicissitudes and loss : its morals habitants, abandoning their firesides and family and religion are exposed to serious shocks; and festivities, ran to the spot pointed out. They even the safety of its political institutions are found an opening in the earth which emitted a jeoparded. So much for war.
sulphurous vapor. On digging with great zeal,
a stone was discovered two feet below the surSuppose the $70,000,000 which this army face, in the form of an irregular truncated pyrawill cost in a single year, were applied to inter- mid, with four narrow lateral surfaces, and a fifth nal improvements, what would be the result? I somewhat wider. The base is smooth enough.
From the Journal of Commerce.
EFFECT OF WAR.
EFFECT OF PEACE.
A KISS FOR A BLOW.
GOOD FOR A GOOSE.
The summit is prismatic, and the corners are rounded. It weighs almost eight kilograms. Its dimensions are eight inches in height, seven Boston, where he saw a boy and a girl on one
A visitor once went to a Sabbath school at in breadth, and three in thickness. The fracture
In a moment is greenish-white, spotted with white, and several seat, who were brother and sister. crystallized metallic fragments were noticed
of thoughtless passion the little boy struck his upon its surface, especially some octahedral
sister. The little girl was provoked, and raised crystals of iron, which attracted the magnet.
her hand to return the blow. Her face showed The above is the account given of the phe- fist was aimed at her brother, when her teacher
rage was working within, and her clenched nomena to the editor of the Augsburgh Gazette. A body of similar composition is described caught her eye. “Stop, my dear,” said she, by M. Arago, in a communication to the Academy Strike him.” The look and the word reached
"you had much better kiss your brother than to of Sciences, that fell in a district in France in her heart. Her hand dropped. She threw her 1841, and was heard a great distance; and the sound which followed the last of the several ex
arms round his neck and kissed him. The boy plosions was quite musical. That learned as
was moved. He could have stood against a tronomer denominated this extraordinary sound, blow, but he could not withstand a sister's kiss. the music of the spheres. A large stone was
He compared the provocation he had given her seen to fall, and was exhumed from the field with the return she had made, and the tears while yet warm. Fragments of this body were
rolled down his cheeks. This affected the sisscattered in a path fifteen miles wide and sixty ter, and with her little handkerchief she wiped miles long; I have detailed and particular ac- away his tears. But the sight of her kindness counts of three other aerolites which have fal- only made him cry the faster; he was completely len to the earth the present year.
subdued. Her teacher then told the children always to return a kiss for a blow, and they would never get any more blows. If men and
women, families and communities, and nations, At the flour mills of Tuberakeena, near Clon- would act on this principle, this world would mel, while in possession of the late Mr. Newbold, almost cease to be a vale of tears ; " nation would there was a goose, which, by some accident was not lift up the sword against nation, neither left solitary, without mate or offspring, gander would they learn war any more.”—Youth's or goslings. Now it happened, as is common, Cabinet. that the miller's wife had set a number of duckeggs under a hen, which in due time were incu.
Por Friends' Review. bated; and of course the ducklings, as soon as
THE WINTER STARS. they came forth, ran with natural instinct to the water, and the hen was in a sad pucker-her
Sweet is the light
Of a summer's night, maternity urged her to follow the brood, and
When the modest stars so mildly beam; her selfishness disposing her to keep on dry
'Tis fair to view land. In the meanwhile up sailed the goose,
On the waters blue and with a noisy gabble, which probably, being Their silvery lustre gleam. interpreted, meant, Leave them to my care, she
Soft from the sky
As an angel's eye swam up and down with the ducklings; and
Each tranquil orb looks meekly down: when they were tired with their aquatic excur
But the Winter Stars sion, she consigned them to the care of the hen. Are strong like Mars, The next morning, down came again the ducklings
And tell of the victor's crown! to the pond, and there was the goose waiting for
The groups that come them, and there stood the hen in her great flus
With the Harvest Home, tration. On this occasion we are not at all sure
And rise with the yellow harvest-moon,
Pensive they look that the goose invited the hen-observing her
On the murmuring brook maternal trouble-but it is a fact that she being Where the withered leaves are strewn : near the shore, the hen jumped on her back, and
Dim through tears there sat, the ducklings swimming, and the goose
And hopeless fears,
Pale Autumn, how they weep with thee! and hen after them, up and down the pond. And
But Winter hoary this was not a solitary event: day after day the
Puts on in glory hen was seen on board the goose, attending the Their glittering panoply! ducklings up and down, in perfect contentedness
The songs of the spheres and good humour; numbers of people coming To listening ears to witness the circumstance, which continued Are heard in Summer's twilight bower; until the ducklings, coming to days of discretion,
Then the starry plain
Hath a lute-like strain, required no longer the joint guardianship of the
But Winter's a voice of power. goose and hen.-Otway on the Intel. of Domes
Now a seraph each urn tic Animals.
Doth fill, and they burn
With Faith's clear altar-fires, to show
SUMMARY OF NEWS.
CONGRESS.-In the Senate, the discussion of the Can only come below!
Ten Regiment Bill continues to be the principal
business. Downs, of Louisiana, Douglass, of IlliThe year's long night
nois, and Sevier, of Arkansas, have spoken in To the soul is bright
favour of the bill, and Bell, of Tennessee, against With the joys of Hope's immortal morrow,And they're oft'nest seen
it. In the House, on the 31st ult., J. R. Giddings In the skies serene
moved the following resolution : "Resolved, That By the upturned eye of sorrow;
a select committee of five members be appointed Birds that stay
to inquire into and report to this House, whether On the leafless spray,
the slave trade is carried on within the District of And flowers that slumber the snows beneath, Columbia; if so, by what legal authority it is susAnd the flaming cars
tained, and whether any modification of the existOf the Winter Stars,
ing acis of Congress on that subject is expedient The mourner chiefly seeth!
E. B. at this time." A motion to lay this on the table
was defeated by a vote of ayes 81, nays 91. A. HYMN TO MONT BLANC.
H. Stephens, of Georgia, expressing a wish to de. Few of us, I apprehend, who have been only par:ject of the reference of the President's message,
bate the resolution; it was laid over. The subtially introduced to the wild scenery of some of our mountainous districts, would hesitate to acknowledge which as been before the House for several weeks, that our conceptions of nature's great Author have was finally disposed of on the 3d inst. been elevated and expanded by the contemplation of Him in these manifestations of his power; in these the Mexican commissioners had submitted a plan
Mexico.--The last report from Mexico is that evidences of the vastness of that machinery; of the
of uncontrollable character of the elements brought into
a treaty of peace,
which had been transmitted action, and employed in the production of our beautiful to Washington for the consideration of our Govern. world. We can, therefore, readily sympathise in some ment. It is said that a fresh outbreak had occurmeasure with the outburst of poetic feeling, indicated red in California. in the following lines, written originally in German, KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE.- Mr. Craven-judici. and entitled “Chamouny at Sunrise." I know not who rendered them into English, but their true spirit ary-reported a bill for the benefit of William would appear to have been infused into the trans
Buwens, a man of colour; read.
Mr. Craven stated that this was a yellow man, lator, as he thus bowed to "nature in her loftiest mood,” and should they please the editor of Friends' Review now living in Virginia, who owns some land in as they have gratified me, he will send them up to his Morgan County. The committee had the evidence printer.
P. of men in whom they placed implicit conridence, Out of the deep shade of the silent fir-grove,
that the petitioner is a man of good character, is a Trembling I survey thee, mountain-head of eternity,
mechanic by trade, and is industrious; the whole Dazzling, blinding summit, from whose vast height
neighbourhood, within five miles of his land; desire My dim'y-perceiving spirit, floats into the Everlasting. his removal and settlement there, and they have
petitioned this House in his behalf. Where his Who sank the pillar deep in the lap of earth
land is situated there is not, for six miles around, Which, for past centuries, fast props thy mass up ? a single slave; the country is sparsely populated, Who uptowered, high in the vault of ether,
and they desire the petitioner to move amoug them Mighty and bold, thy beaming countenance ?
for his mechanical skill. Who poured you from on high, out of eternal winter's
Mr. T'owles looked upon the class of free negroes realm,
as only fit for felons; he, too, thought the United O jagged streams, downward with thunder noise ? States Constitution was such that this negro could And who bade aloud with the Almighty voice, not be kept out of the State if he should appeal to “ Here shall rest the stiffening billows?”
the judicial tribunals of the land. He was a strong Who marks out there the path for the morning star ?
pro-slavery man, and that so long as there was a Who wreaths with blossoms the skirt of eternal frost ? black skin among us, a state of subjection is his To whom, wild Arveiron, in terrible harmonies, only proper state; bui the community in u hich he Rolls up the sound of thy tnmult of billows ?
is to setile is in favour of the passage of this law,
and therefore he hoped that it would pass. Jehovah! Jehovah! crashes in the bursting ice!
Mr. Granger was opposed to allowing him to Avalanche-thunders roll it in the cleft downward ; Jehovah! it rustles in the bright tree-tops ;
come into the State on all grounds, and especially
because he is a mechanic. The great curse of our It whispers murmuring in the purling silver brook.
Siate is the want of mechanics and it is because The number of persons in Indiana unable to read we have black mechanics among us, with which
white mechanics will not work or associate, and and write bears as large a proportion to the entire by admitting the black we place a barrier 10 the population as is found in any other free State. increase of the white. Is there no mechanic in There is howeverone county in that State eminently this neighbourhood ? If there is not, and they free from the reproach of ignorance. Wayne coun. have employment for one, let them get one that is ty, with an adult population of 9,349, contains but while. He was opposest to bringing or admitting 42 who are unable to read and write. This county into the State free blacks, and especially was he is settled principally by members of the Society of opposed to admitting blick mechanics to compete Friends, a society which does not tolerate the sup; with our free white citizens. position that ignorance is bliss, and takes especial
Mr Gaines moved to lay the bill upon the table, care to educate its childreu.- Louisville Journal.
and as he should corsiler it a test question, he *A river having ile source at the foot of Mont Blanc. called for the yeag and vaja-carried, 70 to 11.