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Aame, and some of the officers believed that they | and sentiments to which he was a perfect stransaw streams of lava flowing down its side, until ger, and was led thus to argue with himself:they disappeared beneath the drapery of snow, Surely, surely, if these things be true, I must which, commencing a few hundred feet below be wrong. He determined not to rest his faith the crater, descended towards the shore, and pro- on the hearsay of others, but to read for him. jected its perpendicular cliffs of ice into the sea. self. A good man, who addressed the assembly,

Another phenomenon, of a not less interesting, told them that all their reading and hearing would though of an opposite kind, now presented itself be in vain, unless the spirit of God accompanied to the Expedition. On approaching the land the reading to make it effectual to the heart. they perceived a low white line stretching from That evening this individual went home, enthe most eastern point of land at Cape Crozier, gaged in servent prayer for the teaching of the as far as the eye could discern to the eastward. Holy Spirit, whose work it was to lead him It rose higher as they approached it, and proved aright. I need not tell what was the result

. to be a perpendicular cliff of ice between 150 | He found himself a condemned sinner; he and 200 feet high, perfectly flat on the top, and has been called to suffer much, and has expefree from fissures or projections on its smooth rienced some of the severest trials to which flesh face. This obstruction to their further progress and blood are exposed ; but amid all, he has enwas a source of great disappointment to the Ex- joyed tranquillity and peace, and now considers pedition, but it was fortunately of such a kind as it his high privilege to stand before this Society to determine their future proceedings ; for, as and make this public avowal of his sense of Sir James Ross observes, “ they might with equal obligation to it, to the praise and glory of God." chance of success try to sail through the cliffs of The deep and earnest manner in which this Dover as penetrate such a mass.” In following affecting speech was delivered, could only be this cliff to the east, its height increased to be equalled by the solemn attention with which it tween 200 and 300 feet, and Sir James Ross was heard, and the melting effect it produced on conjectures that it is more than 1000 feet in the audience. I trust impressions were made thickness. After sailing along it for upwards of which, under the blessing of God, will never be 100 miles, they found it still stretching to an in- effaced. definite extent in an E.S.E. direction. It had been supposed that this great mass of ice was

ATMOSPHERIC RAILWAY-SOUTHDEVON. formed upon a ledge of rock, but ihe depth of water close to it (410 fathoms) seemed " to show

The Plymouth, England, Herald of Novemthat its outer edge, at any rate, could not be rest-ber 15th, says, “we have great pleasure in stating on the ground.”

ing that, on Tuesday last, the first experimental (To be continued.)

train was run to Newton; and though it was but fair to anticipate that some difficulties might

arise in the trial, from water which must have Extract of a letter from a gentleman formerly accumulated in the pipes, and from other causes

of Philadelphia, now of London, and one of incidental to a first attempt, yet the distance was the Directors of the British and Foreign accomplished in grand style, without the least Bible Society, dated May, 1824.

difficulty or delay. The annual meeting of the British and Foreign “ The carriage was started from Teignmouth Bible Society was held on the 5th inst., and a at five minutes before 10, A. M., and at eight most impressive tone was given to it, in an early minutes after 10 it arrived at Newton, having stage of the proceedings, by a speech of the stopped at Wear engine house four minutes. Earl of Loder, an Irish nobleman of distinguish- The train came back in twelve minutes, having ed piety and exalted philanthropy, for some stopped four minutes at Wear on returning. The years past, and who formerly shone with great distance is five miles. distinction at Court. He observed, amongst

* Our readers who take an interest in the proother points, that

gress of practical science, will also be glad to “ The Society has already, under the Divine hear that the trains from Teignmouth to Exeter blessing, effected much good, is continuing to do ---four each way-propelled by atmospheric great good, and will still do more extensive good, power, ran most admirably, keeping their time I cannot for a moment doubt.

far more regularly than those driven by locomo“I know an individual well, whose life was tives ; and the most perfect confidence is felt as devoted to pursuits of pleasure, folly and vanity, to the system finally superseding the now comwho was immersed in scenes of fashionable mon mode of traction. amusement and pleasure, whose object was to " The power is exceedingly great, and it is said gain the applause and admiration of the world. that light trains could be propelled without diffiHe entered the room where the Bible Society culty at 60 miles an hour. The engineer, who was held in Dublin, from motives of curiosity. ran for the first time to Newton, had the breaks Ashamed of being seen where he was, he sought on down and up. We trust to be enabled to the most retired corner; he there heard opinions announce in a short time that the locomotive




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engines are to be dispensed with on the South / speed travelled during every mile. This paper Devon line as far as Newton.


be taken off at the end of each journey, “ The engine houses on the line towards marked with the number of engine and date of Totness, and at the stations, will soon be finished, 1 year and filed. It has a dial, the circumference and, as we stated a few weeks since, the tubing, of which is divided into the number of miles on of a large calibre, is being laid, and not the least the railway, and all the stations are correctly doubt is entertained that the steep gradients on marked down at the proper distances from each that part of the line will be run over at a swift terminus; while a finger, or indicator, points to pace, with much ease. If these expectations be the spot occupied by the engineer on the line. realized, of which we see no doubt, the triumph A smaller finger revolves once in two miles, by of Mr. Brunel and Mr. Samuda will be complete, which the engineer can ascertain his speed. and another .great fact' will be established in Another small tinger revolves once in sixty jourthe scientific world—the triumph of air over neys, of 10,000 miles, is necessary to show the steam.”Railroad Journal.

distance travelled by the engine during several weeks. Within the apparatus the speed and


distance are registered, and this is effected by a The Liverpool Mercury says that “ this gigan- out of working by breaks, or slipping, etc. The

separate wheel running on the rail, and not put tic effort of skill and labour, which is to run from machinery is so arranged for any line, that the Edgehill to the New North Docks, is likely to hand on the dial makes one revolution during a prove more expensive than was at first contemplated, and, at the same time, to be a great pro

journey to the terminus and back.”-Ibid moter of the sanitary condition of the town. From Byrom street to Crompton street, a dis

A FRIENDLY ADDRESS. tance of about a mile, the cuttings have been

Fellow traveller through Time to Eternity! difficult and dangerous, the workmen having to cut through the clay the whole distance they soul. It is intended to promote serious reflec

accept this token of good will to thy immortal have yet proceeded, and to support the sides with tion on a subject in which we are highly the utmost care and skill, as required by the

interested. Are we not each ready to say, with treacherous state of the earth. In some portions

one formerly, “ Let me die the death of the of this distance it has been found necessary to righteous, and let my last end be like his ?" raise buildings, and open the earth to the level Well, then, let us seek the pardon of our sins of the intended tramroad. This has been done for Christ's sake, who died for us, and, through from Byrom street, once the head of the pool Divine assistance, endeavour to live the life of from the Mersey to Fontenoy street. maining portion of the tunnel to Great Howard the righteous; that is, in the fear of the Lord, street, has been attempted to be cut underground; laws; whether recorded in the Holy Scriptures,

our great Creator, and in obedience to His but such has been the ill success so far, that

or written in our hearts by His Spirit. Were some of the houses, not only immediately over

we so to live, all our thoughts, words and acthe cuttings, but at some distance from them, tions, would be sweetly regulated, and great have given way, and have been rendered so dan- would be the peace of our minds, even in the gerous that the inmates have been compelled to midst of outward difficulties and troubles; bequit with short notice. Some of the dwellings

cause we should feel the love of God in Christ have been so rent

, that to live in them as they Jesus, and look up to Him, in faith, as to a mernow are, would be extremely dangerous.— Ibid. ciful Father, and an eternal Friend! We should

then be careful not to take the Lord's holy name LOCOMOTIVE DISTANCE AND TIMEKEEPER.

in vain ; for such He has declared He will not A Mr. Fletcher has made an instrument for hold guiltless.- We should be far from all registering the distance travelled by the locomo- cursing and bitterness, all wrath and revenge !tive. The following description of it is from the We should bear in remembrance the Divine Railway Chronicle.

commands of the blessed Redeemer,—“Swear “ This instrument is constructed for ascertain not at all." “Love your enemies.” 6. Whating the distance, and time any part of the distance soever ye would that men should do to you, do is travelled over by the locomotive engine ; it is ye even so to them.”—We should strive on all placed in a situation where the engineer can occasions, to keep in view his most perfect exreadily have his eye upon it, or on a carriage ample, and to learn of him who was “meek for the guidance of the guard. The driver can and lowly in heart :" so we should find Rest to thus at all times ascertain the speed of his engine, our Souls. And however various our allotments his distance to the next station, and his exact in this life, whatever trials may be permitted to position on the line. A chronometer is also attend our earthly pilgrimage, they will all, attached, showing railway time. It also regis- as they are rightly submitted to, be blessed unto ters on paper a description of the journey, the us; inasmuch as they contribute to promote the time occupied at each station, and the exact lessential work of inward purification; and as

The re




the mind is brought into holy conformity to the

SUMMARY OF NEWS. Will of God, power will be afforded to over- John Quincy Adams died on the evening of the come every temptation. Thus shall we be 23d ult. The following particulars in relation to favoured to attain that which shall be found, at this moumful event have been compiled from aplast, of more value to us than the whole parently credible sources. A resolution of thanks world without it; even a well-grounded and to certain officers of the army in Mexico was be

fore the House. The “previous question

1 had consoling Hope of an Admission, through Di- been called for and sustained, and the Speaker had vine Mercy, into the mansions of Purity, and of risen to put the main question, when he was inter; Eternal peace !-- This has ever been the hope of rupted by a sudden cry of " Mr. Adams is dying!” the CHRISTIAN.- Anon.

The venerable man was seen in the act of falling over the left arm of his chair, his right arm ex

tended and grasping his desk for support. He was THE WANDERER.

caught in the arms of the member sitting next him, Who is the alien from his father's home?

and the House immediately adjourned in great conWho is the exile from his native shore ?

fusion. J. Q. Adams was then carried into the Who is the wanderer, self-condemned to roam, Speaker's room, to which his wife and relatives And find the haven of his rest no more ?

were hastily summoned. It is reported, that while Is it the outcast from parental love?

lying in this room, he partially revived, and said, The traitor banish'd by his country's doom?

in a low and faltering tone, " This is the end of The child of penury, whose footsteps rove

earth--I am content.It was believed by his phyO’er weary paths, to find a nameless tomb ? sicians to be impracticable to convey him to his

residence, and he breathed his last beneath the No; for the outcast has a Friend on high,

dome of the Capitol. And Mercy shields him with her angel wings;

CONGRESS.-In consequence of the death of J. The banish'd exile may return and die

Q. Adams, scarcely any business has been done. A pardon’d suppliant to the King of kings.

It is understood that the Treaty with Mexico has The child of penury ne'er walks alone,

been sent in to the Senate. Nor unregarded, save by mortal ken;

The following notice of the life of J. Q. Adams His steps are number'd, and his path is known, is extracted from the National Intelligencer of 25th Where heavenly guardians watch the ways of men.

ult: John Quincy Adams was born on the 11th of It is the exile from the promis'd land,

July, 1767, in Braintree, Massachusetts. In 1778, The alien heedless of his Father's call,

he accompanied his father to France-the latter The wanderer who returns not, that demand

being sent, in conjunction with Benjamin Franklin Tears of the deepest sympathy from all.

and Arthur Lee, as commissioners to the Court of

Versailles. The elder Adams, afterwards remov. He, in his long, long travel, knows no rest :

ing to Holland, the son received a part of his eduNo welcome woos him, and no smiles repay, cation at the public school at Amsterdam and the Self-exiled from the regions of the blest,

University at Leyden. In 1781, when about four. Alone he treads his dark and stormy way.

S. Ellis.

teen years of age, he went to Russia as private secretary to Francis Dana, who was appointed

minister plenipotentiary to that court. Near the GIVE TO THE NEEDY.

end of the following year he left Petersburg and

returned to his father in Holland, whom he after. BY JULIA A FLETCHER.

wards accompanied to Paris, and was with him at Give as God hath given thee,

the time the treaty of peace (1783) was signed. With a bounty full and free ;

At the age of eighteen he returned 10 MassachuIf he hath, with liberal hand,

setts, and entered Harvard University, where he Given wealth to thy command,

graduated in 1787 with distinguished reputation. For the fulness of thy store,

He subsequently spent three years in the study of Give thy needy brother more.

the law, under an eminent professor.

In 1794 he was appointed by President Washing. If the lot His love doth give,

ton resident minister to the United Netherlands. Is by earnest toil to live,

Near the close of Washington's administration he
If with nerve and sinew strong,
Thou dost labour hard and long,

was appointed minister plenipotentiary to the court Then e'en from thy slender store,

of Lisbon, but the destination was subsequently Give! and God shall give thee more.

changed to Berlin, where he negotiated an im

portant commercial treaty with the Prussian goHearts there are, with grief oppressed; vernment. From 1803 to 1808 he occupied a seat Forms, in tattered raiment dressed;

in the Senate of the United States. In 1809 he Homes, where want and wo abide;

was appointed minister plenipotentiary to Russia; Dens, where vice and misery hide;

and to his influence is aitributed the offer of that With a bounty large and free,

government to mediate between Great Britain and Give as God hath given thee.

the United States in the war of 1812. He was one Wealth is thine, to aid and bless,

of the commissioners who negotiated the treaty of Strength, to succor and redress;

Ghent in 1814. In 1825 he was elected by the Bear thy weaker brother's part,

House of Representatives president of the United Strong of hand, and strong of heart;

States, which office he held till 1829. In 1833 he Be thy portion large or small,

was elected to the station which he held will death Give! for God doth give thee all.

closed his active career.





No. 25.


mighty power through his servant, “even as a

rushing stream, to the overcoming of the hearts Pablished Weekly by Josiah Tatam,

uf his children, and to the amazement of the No. 50 North Fourth Street,

people ; of which circumstance,” says the acPHILADELPHIA.

count, “there are yet living several witnesses." Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six The public preachers of Aberdeen now began copies for ten dollars.

to be considerably alarmed, at finding that so This paper is subject to newspaper postage only.

many, both of the higher as well as lower

classes, withdrew from their communion. By ROBERT BARCLAY AND FRIENDS IN calumnies and reproaches poured from the pulSCOTLAND.

pits, they endeavoured to incense the magistrates (Confinued from page 371.)

to suppress this people, and to raise among the The principal instrument made use of, in ruder and less intelligent of their hearers, a spirit these parts, for the gathering of many from the of indignation and of vindictive abuse. Hence barren mountains of an empty profession, to feed it was, that whenever any of this persuasion apin the green pastures of life, under the leadings peared among them, they were received by the of the Shepherd of Israel, was Patrick Livings- populace with stoning and beating in the streets, ton. He was born near Montrose, and was con- pulling by the hair, and other lawless abuses, vinced about the year 1659. Near three years which the magistrates, instead of reproving, too after this, coming northward in the work of the often countenanced. By their order, Richard ministry, when but twenty-eight years of age, Rae, before mentioned, a shoemaker of Edinthe good Husbandman was pleased singularly to burgh, was arrested and kept close prisoner in own and bless his faithful labour by evident the Tolbooth or public prison of Aberdeen, for fruits ; so that he became the means of planting the space of six months. This seemed like the a flourishing meeting of Friends at Kinmuck, signal for the commencement of a determined which afterward grew to be the largest in the course of persecution, embracing such a series nation, and is still upheld in the same place to of unrighteous proceedings, carried on against a the present day. The following is described as harmless and unresisting people, as cannot fail one out of the many remarkable opportunities, to prove affectingly interesting to the mind of which it is said that he had with the tender and every considerate Christian. And why? Beserious people thereabouts. While he was sit cause he loves to mark the progress of “the true ting waiting on the Lord, among the first handful Light” of the gospel, in dispelling the various that were gathered into the like profession in that shades of apostasy and spiritual darkness ;-on part of the country, there being many other per- this account, must he own and duly appreciate sons present, the Friends were much bowed every stand that has been made or is making, down and low in their minds, in a sense of in integrity, meekness, faith, and patience, against “ great straitness and hardness over the meeting.” the delusions and encroachments of antichrist. Patrick Livingston broke silence, by declaring, In the next year, 1664, George Keith, who that, for a sign and token of the loving-kindness of had been convinced of the rectitude of the docthe Lord, toward a seed or remnant raised and to trines held by Friends, coming to visit his be raised up in that country, He would reveal his brethren at Aberdeen in the love of the gospel, glorious presence among them in a wonderful was cast into gaol, and detained there ten manner, before they parted. So little appearance months. Patrick Livingston also, for the same of this was there, when he spoke, and for a offence, became his fellow-prisoner during the while after, that some of the Friends present space of seven months. who were weak in the faith, fell under a great But by such rigorous proceedings, those concern, lest this should not be by any means termed the clergy did not attain their object; on fulfilled. But the Lord, who never fails to be a the contrary, others from time to time fell off very present help in time of need, unto all his from their congregations, and joined the despised patient, dependent little ones, was pleased at people called Quakers. This year, 1666, David length to grant a plentiful outpouring of his Barclay of Ury, descended from an ancient

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and honourable family among men," and, about be one Gordon of Sallach, who, it is said, wrote the close of the same year, his son Robert, an account of the Sutherland family, in which openly and thoroughly attached themselves to he relates many events, that he had himself this Society.

witnessed. With regard to “ Colonel David Barclay,” as Colonel Barclay was sent with an army, in he did not enlist under the pacific banner of the 1646, to quell an insurrection made by the Earl cross of Christ, till past the meridian of life, it of Crawford, who, with a number of Irish as is thought proper to travel somewhat out of the well as Scottish forces, had wasted the north course of this history, by touching upon his ca- parts of the kingdom, and burnt several towns. reer before he became a Friend. This digres- But, the Colonel coming up with him at Banff, sion, it is hoped, will not prove devoid of interest entirely routed him.” and instructive bearing. It is after having taken The above writer states, that, in the same a view of the stations occupied by such individu- year “ Major General (afterwards, the Earl of) als in the world, and their connection and in- Middleton, and the Colonel were sent with an fluence with those in political power, that we army to relieve Inverness, then besieged by the are more fully prepared to realize the difficulties Marquis of Montrose and the Earl of Seaforth. of the path they afterward had to walk in ; at The Colonel, crossing the river with his regi. the same time that we are better qualified to ap- ment of horse above the town, and falling upon preciate the depth, and strength, and beauty of Montrose's forces, routed both him and Seathat spiritual work, which was effected in them. forth, and made both flee to the mountains ; We can then more duly. estimate what it cost having taken all their baggage and cannon. From them, to refuse the glory of this world, with all thence they went to Chanrie of Ross, which the various opportunities that presented, of they took after four days' siege, where they gratifying “the lust of the flesh, the lust of the seized all Montrose's ammunition ; after which, eyes, and the pride of life;" as well as to ac- they restored the castle to the Lady Seaforth, cept with cheerful resignation “ the reproach of whom they used very discreetly." "On their

" Christ,” by becoming fools for his sake, that so return to Edinburgh, the Marquis of Huntly atthey might be “ to the praise of his glory.” tacked the town of Aberdeen, where Colonel

Ďavid Barclay was born in the year 1610, at Henry Barclay, Colonel David's relation, lay Kirktounhill, the seat and birthplace of his father, with two regiments; who, notwithstanding of the same name; who, living much at court, all the defence he could make, with the asand being of an easy disposition, became em- sistance of the inhabitants, became master of barrassed in his affairs, and was obliged in 1633 the place, Colonel Henry being taken prisoner, to sell the ancient estates, which had been held with about twenty officers, and a number by the family for upwards of five hundred years. were killed. Upon which the Parliament, in He, however, paid off his debts, and gave his son 1647, sent the General, and Colonel David to reDavid, with the rest of his children, a liberal duce Huntly, who, upon their approach, retired education. David went on his travels into Ger to the Highlands. And, that he might not return, many, and there enlisted as a volunteer in the they took all the castles and towns, in which army of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden; were placed garrisons ; Colonel David being apbut, after having been engaged in many battles, pointed Governor of Strathboggie, then a strong, and quickly risen to the rank of major, on the place, and Middleton Governor of the Bog of breaking out of the civil wars in his native Gicht, now Castle Gordon.” country, he returned home.

The spring following, according to the same Being a man of “great modesty," he seldom author, David Barclay married “Catherine Gorif ever adverted to his military actions; nor is don, eldest daughter of Sir Robert Gordon, of it likely he would do so, after he became one Gordonstoun, second son to the Earl of Sutherwith the Friends in sentiment, as to the origin land. This Sir Robert, the first Knight Baronet of “wars and fightings,”—except it were to of Scotland, was a man of great parts and honour, testify against them. Some of these circumstances which, with his near relation to the Royal family, of his life, however, alluded to in the histories made him much esteemed at court; he being of the times, may assist the reader in contem- second cousin to King James the 6th of Scotplating the strong contrast there is, between land and 1st of Great Britain, to whom and his views of worldly and warlike policy, such as son King Charles the 1st, he was Gentleman of then influenced the conduct of these individuals, the Bedchamber, Vice Chancellor of Scotland, and that line of conscientious practice taken up and Privy Counsellor.” by them in after life, which induced them to “ David Barclay continued a Colonel of horse, become comrades in the spiritual warfare. being appointed to command in the shires of

The following narrative is taken, nearly ver- Ross, Sutherland, and Caithness. The nation batim, from the manuscript now before the being at that time alarmed with the sad condition Author, written by the grandson of Robert Bar- of King Charles the 1st, then in captivity in the clay; his ultimate or chief authority, however, Isle of Wight, came to the resolution to rescue with regard to David's military career, seems to him; and the parliament, for that purpose, having


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