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wafting pinions over the land; but they find and lowing syllabus of a late public examination ; leave childhood the same thing of laughter and Lord Fitzwilliam and his chaplain were present jest and song and play. In its simple absurdity, subsequently, at a similar private examination, it roasts an apple or a potatoe in the smoking and were as much astonished as gratified with ruins that have unhoused a hundred families and what they witnessed. destroyed a century's commerce ; trundles its The examination referred to, included mathehoop, in hardy glee over the hot marl of vol- matical definitions and the three first books of canic irruption; or launches its kite above the Euclid, English grammar, history, the English, city filled with plague. Why is all this? Be- Latin and Greek languages, geography, comcause the sweetly-simple unconsciousness of position, logic, &c. The following are the subchildhood knows no fear, its spirit is ever buoy-jects upon which “ the moral knowledge class" ant; in its world there are no terrors, for its were examined : mental power is not developed, it cannot think Evidences of Christianity; what evidence is, or foresee, and because it is without experience, and Christianity ; importance of perfect proof, it can permanently neither feel nor caré. How its sources, and kinds ; character of the Saviour, preposterous, then, to suppose that this mental his miracles, resurrection ; character of the aposbaby can take in adequate provender for all the tles, their success, the opponents, with learning, future man! All that it can learn it should be caste; 'political laws, commerce, slavery ; Jutaught, and in the best style of teaching, too; daism ; idolatry, its kinds ; severe tests of the but
the utmost that can be done for it, is merely first Christians ; benignant influence of Christo prepare for an age of more advanced life and tian truth, its adaptation to all times and appropriate instruction. The children of the natures; its sanction of civil and domestic wealthy find that instruction, from 15 to 25, in life, favours intellectual developement, survives the university, in private tutors, and foreign through all forms of society; Christian charactravel. But the children of the poor must go to ter formed by the highest standard; its indethe lathe, the smithy, the wheel, the mill, or the pendence of poverty, sorrow, health, and even of plough, to earn their bread; and while they are liberty; argument from prophecy, and the state learning the arts of subsistence, the effects of of the arts. the school almost universally exhale. For want
We learn, that of more than 1,800. young of a suitably advanced school or college, the persons who have received educational help at tongue loses its art of reading, the hand its ca- the People's College, four or five young women ligraphy, the memory forgets the rules of arith- are now filling important situations as teachers; metic, the few historic incidents once known two or three young men are also acting as schoolmelt away, and the lines of geography wane masters; one young man is now studying at from the map. And when the child gushes into Airdale College ; another is at one of the Westhe youth, and business demands knowledge for leyan Institutes, and a third is preparing for use, and learning would be the best part of Cambridge, while we have several of Mr. Baypoverty's capital, the awakened soul of the ley's students in London in important stations, young man and woman sighs at the recollection (one at the London University ;) two are much of undervalued school days, looks round society more advantageously settled in America, than in vain for a mental home, and feels in tears the they would have been but for the People's Coldesolating sentiment, .No man careth for my lege; and another is one of the rising railway soul.' Men of Sheffield, is this childhood, or is engineers. it a caricature? If it be a true portrait, what a farce is any plan of national education that does
A "MARK not provide People's Colleges for the nation's youth.
T'he Supreme Court of this State have decided The People's College, says the Review, is an that a will to which the mark” of the testator institution of this kind, in the sixth year of its is made, is void and insufficient. The act of operation in Sheffield. It owes its existence to Assembly of the 8th of April, 1833, requires R. S. Bayley, F. S. A., its principal, to whose that "every will shall be in writing, and unless energy and self-denial it is attributable that it the person making the same shall be prevented has not met the early grave which has swallow. by the extremity of his last sickness, shall be ed so many institutions of a popular nature. Its signed by him at the end thereof, or by some main classes are for the adults of the operative person in his presence, and by his express direcand middle ranks of both sexes, before and after tion.” In the case of Asay vs. Hoover, reportthe hours of their daily labour. The morning ed in the Pennsylvania Law Journal, for Noclasses assemble at half past six—the evening vember, 1847, the question, whether a will execlasses at seven. How much may be accom- cuted by the testator's making a “mark,” thereplished at these hours, and at the cost of but a to was sufficient, came before the Court. Judge few pence, under judicious direction, without Bell, in delivering the opinion of the Supreme the abstraction of a moment from the ordinary Court
, says, “ the true construction of the 6th duties of labour, may be judged of from the fol- section of the act of April 8th, 1833, relating to
MADE TO A WILL NOT SUFFICIENT.
the last wills and testaments, is, that the testator, ber, may well excite a serious consideration of the must sign the testamentary instrument by his evils unavoidably attendant upon a vicious system. own proper signature if he be able to do so, but the subject, we observe, was discussed upon prinif prevented from doing this by sickness, infir- ciples of expediency, without bringing into view mity, or other incapacity, recourse is to be had the great moral question, what influence the meato the alternative mode of authentication pointed out by the statute, to wit: signing the testator's sures proposed would exercise on the Cuban and name to the instrument at the end thereof, by and moral condition of the labouring class would be
Brazilian traffic in slaves, or how far the mental some person in his presence, and by his express direction, and both the incompetency and signa- affected by the introduction of a great number of ture by express request must be proved by two untutored pagans from the wilds of Africa. witnesses. A mark made by the party propos- There is, however, one inference which may posing a testamentary disposition is insufficient in sibly be drawn from this and other similar discusany case, and so is the name of such party writ- sions, against which we desire particularly to cauten by another person, unless so written in ac- tion our readers. The cry of distress, so often cordance with the statute.". This decision is heard from the West Indian colonies, may produce highly important, and unless the mischief is re- an impression, and the advocates of slavery are gulated by legislative enactment as to wills made very ready to give it that direction, that the diffisince 1833, will produce great confusion. Pero culties and distress of which we hear so much, are sons who are unable to write cannot make a the results of emancipation. A very moderate ac
mark, they must expressly desire some one to quaintance with the history of the colonies, is sufsign for them.
There are no doubt many papers ficient to show the fallacy of this opinion. Between intended as wills so executed, the makers of which are yet living—they will see the immedi- fifty and sixty years ago, the historian of the British ate necessity of having their wills executed ac- West Indies, an apologist of slavery and the slavecording to law.
trade, asserted, that for the property of a planter to
be free from a mortgage, was a rare exemption. FRIENDS' REVIEW:
During the discussion in Parliament, respecting the
slave-trade, the opponents of abolition laboured to PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 18, 1848. alarm the people of England, by stating the vast
amount of debt owing by the West Indian proprieAccompanying the notice of the decease of tors, to the capitalists, in that country; which they Christiana C. Vail, which is given in this number of asserted would be lost in case that trade should be the Review, we have the substance of a memoran- abolished. A declaration which, whether true or dum found after her death, among her papers, false, amounted to an admission that the planters which manifested her solicitude to keep clear from had no means of paying their debts without wring. the gain of oppression. We find that when she ing them from the bones and sinews of the unofwas between nine and ten years of age, her father, fending children of Africa. who was not a Friend, died, leaving a colored man In the year 1829, nine years before the emanciin slavery, who was sold as a part of his estate, and pation was effected, a standing committee of the a share of the proceeds fell to this daughter. She West Indian planters and merchants, presented an was soon convinced that she could not conscien- elaborate statement of the deplorable condition, tiously apply this money to her own use, and yet both financial and commercial, into which the colo- : was a long time undecided as to its proper applica-nies had fallen, and imploring the assistance of the tion. We have no information what had become goverment to preserve them from absolute ruin. of the man, and therefore apprehend that the money They asserted that for many years the distress of could not be employed for his benefit. She, how- the planters in Jamaica had been accumulating, till ever, kept it as an accumulating fund, until the year it had reached a crisis which threatened to involve 1841, when she applied principal and interest to all classes in ruin. In the Leeward islands, the the benefit of the colored race.
planters were represented as living nol on the proThis anecdote may reasonably suggest to some fits, but on the capital embarked; every year in. others, an enquiry whether a conscience equally creasing their debts, and yet obliged to hold estates sensitive with regard to the acquisitions derived, which yielded no profits, because they were unable directly or indirectly, from the wrongs of these peo- to sell them. Pages might be filled with the reple, would not operate toward stimulating exer- presentations of embarrassment and distress, made tions, or augmenting the funds designed for their by the planters or their agents, a few years prior to benefit.
the abolition of slavery. Whatever allowance we
may be disposed to make for exaggeration in these The summary of a discussion in the British Par- representations, we may fairly cite them as testiliament, in relation to the condition of the West mony that the present difficulties have not arisen Indian colonies, which we have given in this num. I from the emancipation of the West Indian slaves.
If time and space would admit, we trust that we DIED, On board a British steam vessel off could readily prove that the embarrassments of the Palermo, Sicily, on the 17th of 1st month last, present day are the results of the previous slavery, ton, England, and only daughter of our late
Anna, wife of John Church Backhouse, of Darlingand not of its abolition.
friend Joseph John Gurney, in the 27th year of
her age. This amiable, young friend had been As one half of the first volume of Friends Review for some months in delicate health, and in the auis now published, it has been suggested that some
tumn of last year, accompanied by her husband, may incline to subscribe for it, who may not wish For some time she seemed to be benefitted by
visited the south of Europe, under medical advice. to take the back numbers. In that case, they can the change of climate, but finding it necessary to commence in the middle of the volume-say with leave Naples, on account of the coldness of the No. 27. Five dollars will then pay for six half winds, they embarked for Palermo. She appeared volumes, and at the same rate for a greater number. to recruit during the voyage; but after a short
residence in thai city, they were obliged to go on We can still supply all the numbers, and would board a British steamship lying in the harbour
. of course prefer that subscribers should always com. During the two days they were on this vessel, she mence with the volume. We think, too, they seemed to be much improved; was mostly on would themselves be best satisfied to do so, as we deck, and enjoyed the beautiful scenery by which hope to be able to make the Review well worth pre- had said that the prospect of the voyage was
they were surrounded. Before leaving Naples, she serving, either by stitching the numbers together, “most peaceful,” and recurred to the words which or having the volumes bound. We trust that no had been impressed on her mind in reference to small interest may be selt in referring to them at a
“There shall no evil befall thee." future day.
On the morning of the 17th, while on deck, after a little exertion, she complained of shortness of
breath, and although all the remedies in the power Memoir of the Life of ELIZABETH Fry, with Extracts of two medical men on board were resorted to, from her Letters and Journal. In two volumes rapidly declined. She soon became aware of her Vol. 2. Philadelphia': J. W. Moore, No. 193 situation, and said " she was going to Jesus," “ to Chesnut street.
be with her dearest father,”--that she was very Jast as we were going to press, a copy of the in." She called her only child to her, a boy of
comfortable, though it was a strange place to die second volume of the above Memoir was received. three years; took leave of him and gave him a The first volume was published in the 9th monih few words of advice suited to his tender age. She last. A notice of it will be found in the first two repeatedly said she was "very comfortable," and numbers of the Review. We shall hereafter further deck of a national vessel
, surrounded by strangers,
about one hour after she became more ill, on the notice the one just issued.
quietly and peacefully passed away. This af
flicting event, while it excites our sympathy for MARRIED.-At Friends' Meeting, Providence, her bereaved husband and family, and severs many Randolph county, North Carolina, on Fourth-day ties which cannot be loosened without a pang, adds the 23d of last month, Jesse D. Hockett, to Re- another to the many evidences of the fulfilment of BECCA, daughter of Enoch Cox.
that blessed assurance,.
“Thou wilt keep him in - At Friends' Meeting house, Laurens, Ot. perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee, besego county, N. Y., on Fifth-day the 2d inst., ÓBA- cause he trusteth in thee.'' DIAH THORNE, of Skeneateles, Onandago county, to ELIZABETH H. Taber, of the former place.
At Friends' Meeting house, Hopkinton, R. I., on Second-day the 22d of 11th month last, Jás. A NOBLEMAN'S ADVICE TO HIS SON. N. Fry, of Bolton, Mass., to Mary E., daughter of Job Monroe, of North Stonington, Conn.
A correspondent has furnished an account of
the happy departure of a pious Prussian nobleAt the same place, on Fifth-day the 2d inst.; John Spencer, to Thankful, daughter of man, who died in 1749, and of the advice which
he Abel Collins, of North Stonington, Conn.
gave to his only son a short time before his
decease. This account appears to have been Died, Near Plainfield, New Jersey, on the 17th preserved by an intimate friend, who attended of 1st month 'last, in the 75th year of her age, upon him during his illness. The advice is CHRISTIANA C. Váll, widow of William Vail, a couched in the following terms. valuable member of Rahway and Plainfield Month
“My son, God calls me to himself. I take ly Meeting. Her close was attended with the leave of this world with great contentment. My calmness and quiet which might have been expected from her blameless and upright life.
temporal estate will very shortly be your posses
sion. At Cedar Lodge, near Cincinnati, Ohio,
It is free of debt or any incumbrance. I EMMA, wife of Harrison Alderson, late of Lan- bequeath it to you as a free gift of Providence. cashire, in England.
There is no curse upon it, nor a single penny
worth gained by injustice, or pinched by immoAt Smithfield, Jefferson county, Ohio, on First-day the 26th of 12th month last, Joel Hut- deration, or abridged from any by inhumanity. TON, a member of Smithfield Monthly Meeting, in If you preserve this your inheritance free from the 79th year of his age.
avarice and injustice, idleness and prodigality,
For Friends' Review.
as pure as it is left to you, you may then leave | wages for his service, declares his mind to be it with an equal good conscience to your heirs. ignoble, his sentiments unreasonable, and his In my accounts you will find an article of $500 behaviour a reproach to his family, and an abowhich I have annually transmitted for twenty mination in the sight of that awful Being who in years past on the fourth day of February to N. wisdom has made one man to differ from another N., merchant of the city of N., which he always Endeavour to be a good example to your family, delivered into the hands of the decayed Lord of and consider that a master demeans himself
and since his decease, to his impoverished shamefully in the eyes of his domestics by children. My beloved son, this Lord of N. N., vicious and lewd practices, and is void of that made suit to your virtuous mother, but being quality by which he should rule in their hearts. disappointed, two days after I was married to Be industrious and orderly, but not covetons. her, he discharged a pistol at me, and missing Be not ashamed to do as I have done, but conhis aim, he then poisoned me, but through the tinue the daily worship of God in your house, infinite mercy of God, I escaped its mortal effects. that it may abide an house of prayer ; and in Several years afterwards, this unfortunate man, company with your whole family offer up your by prodigality, was reduced to the utmost due oblations to Him who is the grand Master poverty, and being then in a married state, it of all; for if your servants fear God, and walk made his condition more deplorable, and gave before Him in the paths of virtue, you will be the better opportunity of relieving my enemy in freed from many perplexities that some masters his distress, which I chose to do on the same are tortured with by wicked servants. In the day of the year in which the Lord had prevented choice of a wife, esteem sound reason and unthe effect of that lord's. wicked design. This derstanding rather than a volatile wit; and a pension, my son, continue to send to the care of good education, rather than a great fortune ; and said merchant of N. N., on whose silence and prefer good order and decency before pomp and faithfulness you may depend as long as the poor gaudy attire; but let it be your chief care to seek family has need of it. I know your heart, and one that truly fears God, but be cautious of being therefore can expect you will do it, or else I imposed upon by a person that is intoxicated would entreat you as a friend, and command you with party zeal, or enslaved by bigotry, or a as a father; but take special care that this secret deluded votary to false devotion, for if your wife be buried with you in silence. And my son be such a one, or a person who has quenched seek tenderness of heart and lasting comfort, by the motions of internal religion, you will meet a discreet liberality to the poor. I hope those, with a crowd of vexations and pass your time your indigent brethren, will find in you that unhappily. If God gives you children, rememcompassionate relief which they can no more ber that it is your indispensable duty to educate expect from me, and that your mind will be so them for His service, and the public good. noble as to conceal the fountain whence those Therefore seek for a good, experienced man to streams of benefaction flow. You know that instruct, and keep thein under wholesome disci
. my domestics are grown old and gray in my pline; and take heed that you do not weaken service, and are no more able to perform their his authority over his pupils by an unmanly duty in such a manner as your youth and viva- fondness in indulging the faults of youth. For city may require ; therefore discharge them, but remember that youth left to themselves bring let them have a sufficient maintenance, and the their parents to shame. And spare no cost to use of the dwelling house I have provided for obtain, and detain in your family, such a neces. them during their lives, that they may live and sary person to assist you in the performance of
Give the old gardener a double this great duty, and treat him not as a servant, salary, and one of the kitchen gardens for his but regard him as your friend, and take care own use, because he prevented me in my youth that your children render to their worthy tutor from being guilty of an immoral action, and re- the respect and reverence due him. But that fused a handful of ducats which I offered him which will have the greatest influence on their for his assistance in the wicked design ; but education will be your good example. My son, threw the money down on the table with indig- you have not yet fully discovered the vanity and nation, saying, I had rather quit your house and emptiness of all sublunary things, and cannot yet service, than be accessary to your crime. In relish the sweets of a retired life; therefore you the choice of your new servants, choose such as may with discretion prefer to serve the public ; have the character of sobriety and godly fear. but do not forcibly intrude into any office, espeSuffer none that are drunkards or profane to cially purchase none by bribes. Remember that continue with you, though they be able and skil- public administrations are often attended with ful; for believe me, my son, from long experi- very burdensome circumstances, which make ence, I have found that none will serve man the lives of the great miserable, especially such faithfully who disregard God. Be a grave, just, whose consciences are not pure, which they orderly, meek and kind master, and consider that will not have if they enter into offices from selfish your servants are men like yourself
, and for one views ; for they are void of proper and happy man to despise another because he pays him I aim, viz: the glory of God and benefit of man,
die in peace.
And remember when you are in the service of at Newtown, near Waterford, and to this instituthe public, not to eat their bread in idleness, but tion he was much attached, and during after life serve them industriously. Keep your hands was its warm and faithful friend. As he adand conscience clean from gifts and bribes, for vanced beyond the age of boyhood, his kind and they blind the wise and prevent judgnient. Be amiable manners endeared him to his friends. just in all things, and live above the fear and flat- He possessed a refined and cultivated literary tery of men. And though here below you are taste, yet seemed remarkably preserved from the maliciously aspersed, you will at the judgment dangers which attend too exclusive' a devotion to of the Almighty, receive the reward of virtue, pursuits of this nature. His energetic and inwith a conscience full of consolation ; but with quiring mind participated in many subjects of all your sincere and honest endeavours prepare intellectual interest; but he latterly felt these obfor adversity, and in all conflicts, let peace and jects limited by the restraining influence of patience keep possession of your soul. Be not Divine grace, and it became evident to those who dejected, nor repine under afflictions, but submit best knew him, that he was increasingly desirous to the wise disposal of Providence, that by a to dedicate the talents with which he was entotal resignation to the Divine will, you may be dowed, to the service of his Lord and to the welqualified to glorify God in all tribulations. And fare of his fellow-men. finally, my son, fear God and honour the king. In early life he had engaged in business ; and, Be a good Christian and a good subject. You from causes in a great degree beyond his control, must conclude to be both, or you can be neither. he became involved in some difficulties and emLet your piety be free of hypocrisy, and take barrassments ; but these discouraging circumheed of bowing down your head like a bulrush, stances yielded to his industry and exertion, and or speaking of religion like a mountebank, for in a very few years he was enabled fully to disreligion must be the law of your mind, and your charge all the claims upon him; and his friends, constant practice the herald to proclaim it, and whose care he had experienced in this time of not vain, ostentatious boasting. Do not war trouble, had reason to believe, that the cause so against truth and virtue. Let not the mode of dear to him and them, instead of suffering by the world, nor their profane conversation, entice his means, had been exalted by his integrity and you to a compliance with their sins; and so diligence. It pleased Providence abundantly to cowardly to desert the cause of God, to the re- prosper these efforts, and to entrust him in aster proach of your character and contempt of those life with a considerable degree of affluence; but gospel truths which you are convinced of. Take this he felt as a stewardship for which he was care that your dependance for future happiness accountable to the Great Giver, and was ever duth not rest in an empty, barren faith, void of ready to assist others in the day of difficulty and necessary fruits of righteousness ; for true and distress. saving faith hath this infallible token, that it is Possessing a clear and sound judgment, united the concomitant of love and universal benevo- to much benévolence of heart, his advice and lence."
counsel were justly valued; and many were the After delivering this counsel, he exclaimed, claims of this nature that friendship called for, "O God, may thy spirit lead him in the upright and which he ever kindly and promptly reway into eternal life. Preserve him in the faith sponded to. In the various relations of life his of thy Son Christ Jesus, and suffer not his soul usefulness was conspicuous ; but those who were to depart from this foundation of hope.” intimately acquainted with his every day walk,
could perhaps alone know, and appreciate, the
endearing tenderness and faithfulness with which ABRAHAM BEALE.
he performed the relative and social duties ; and It will be known to many of the readers of very striking was his untiring and watchful care the Annual Monitor, that this much valued friend, of those entrusted to his guardianship, and the the latter part of whose life may be said to have parental oversight he exercised to promote their been devoted to the relief of his suffering coun- interests. Of the public charitable institutions of try men, in the city and county of Cork, was his native city he was an active supporter, but carried off by the fever which had been so aw- the concerns of the religious society to which he fully prevalent in Ireland during the past year. belonged, seemed always to have a first and paraAnd we cannot doubt, that the following notice of mount claim on his attention. his life and character, drawn up rather hastily, at When the late severe trial arose, in connecthe request of the editors, by friends intimately tion with the failure of the potato crop, he was acquainted with him, will be acceptable to our one of the many members of our Society in Irereaders.
land, who devoted time and property to alleviate From his childhood, Abraham Beale evinced the bitter sufferings of famine and disease that a gentle and docile disposition, united with warm surrounded them. The city of Cork was itself and affectionate feelings : and his early years the scene of a large amount of distress; and, as afforded the promise of superior mental powers. one of a Committee formed for the purpose, he He was educated at Friends' Provincial School, I took an active part in relieving it; but the state