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REVOLUTION IN FRANCE.
Westcott, Douglass and others, in its favour, was Our readers are, perhaps, generally aware, that finally passed on the 17ih inst., by a vote of yeas in 1792, the ruling party in France declared the 29, nays 19. regal power abolished, and a republic estab- HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.- On the 13th, a lished ; that in the beginning of the following year, resolution was offered by Tuck of New Hampshire
, Louis Sixteenth was beheaded, and such of his instructing the committee on the Judiciary to rerelatives as escaped with their lives, sought an port a bill to prohibit the sale of slaves, on execuasylum in other countries. After a series of disor. tion for the payment of debts due the United ders, Napoleon Bonaparte established his authority States; which was laid over. J. Crowell
, of Ohio, upon the ruins of the republic. In 1814, Napoleon gave notice of his intention to introduce a bill tó was expelled from France, and Louis Eighteenth, repeal all acts of Congress relating to slavery or the brother to the former king, was placed upon the slave trade in the District of Columbia. A resoluthrone. In the year 1815, the dreadful battle of tion offered by W. T. Lawrence of New York, was Waterloo decided the fate of Napoleon, and con- adopted, instructing the Committee on Foreign Afsigned him to St. Helena, a barren rock of the fairs, to inquire into the expediency of requesting ocean, where he died in 1821. In 1830, the the President to open negotiations with other reigning monarch, Charles Tenth, successor to powers, with a view of procuring the general ex. Louis Eighteenth, and his ministry, promulgated emption of private vessels from capture during war. some ordinances placing greater restrictions on the PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.-SENATE.-The bill freedom of the people than their spirit would to abolish militia trainings, and give further en. quietly bear. Under the guidance of La Fayette, a couragement to volunteer companies, was passed revolution was effected; Charles was expelled, and on the 18th. The bill lays a tax of twenty-five Louis Philippe, of the family of Orleans, was placed cents upon each individual liable to militia duty; on the throne, with the character of a citizen king. the fund thus produced to be divided among the This was termed the revolution of three days, and it several volunteer corps. The bill to secure to maris said to have cost the lives of about 1000 men. ried women the use and enjoyment of their own
It appears that the citizen king, notwithstanding property, and to exempl the same from levy or sale his acknowledged abilities, his extensive acquire-on execution for the debts of the busband, was ments, and the ample experience of his early life, passed on the 20th, by yeas 19, nays 11. did not fully appreciate the growing spirit of free- A vessel was recently captured near Rio de dom, and the force of public opinion among his Janeiro, by an American national vessel, and sent countrymen. By the last arrival from Europe, we into New York, on suspicion of being engaged in learn that a revolution, in some measure similar to the slave trade. She had on board, twenty-four that of 1830, was effected near the end of last thousand dollars in specie, and fifty-four thousand month. The immediate cause of this popular erup- gallons of water, and was believed to be bound for tion is said to have been an attempt of the govern- the coast of Africa for slaves. ment to suppress, by force, the Reform Banquets, EUROPE.-By the arrival of the Cambria, ad . which was regarded as an effort to restrain free vices to the 26th ult. have been received. The discussion, and to gag the mouths of the people. French revolution had produced a very depressed The city of Paris and its vicinity were occupied by state of the English money market. Írade genea military force amounting to nearly 100,000 men; rally was also much depressed. Destitution in Ireand upon this the minister seems to have relied for land had reached a fearful height in many localithe support of his measures. But in this case, as ties. The king of Naples has proclaimed the confrequently happens in revolutionary times, 'the stitution demanded by his people. The king of soldiers appeared quite as favourable to the cause Sardinia, and the Grand Duke of Tuscany, have of the people as to the wishes of their rulers. The also given constitutions to their subjects. The peocity of Paris was for some days in great confusion; ple of Rome were loudly demanding a constitution the lives of nearly five hundred people are said to of the Pope. The Pope seemed to consider it to be have been destroyed. The minister, Guizot, re- his duty to transmit his sovereignty unimpaired to signed his office, and Louis Philippe with his fami- his successor. He had, however, invited several ly made a hasty retreat from the capital. The theologians to give their opinion as to his right to abdication of the king in favour of his grandson, grant a constitution to his subjects, and these counwas announced in the Chamber of Deputies, but sellors had “declared unanimously that if such was declared to be too late. From the latest in- were his pleasure, it was feasible, without prejuformation, it appears that the people of Paris have dicing the inalienable rights of the Pontificate." manifested a determination in favour of a Republic. Lord Palmerston had announced in the British
The result of these measures remains to be seen ; Parliament, that the Austrian government had but we may fairly consider this revolution as an promised not to interfere with the political ame. evidence, not to be mistaken, of a growing deter-liorations in Italy, mination among the people of Europe to enjoy a larger share of their natural and inherent rights
WEST TOWN SCHOOL. than has been usually allowed them.
The Committee to superintend the Boarding
School at West Town will meet there, on Sixth day, SUMMARY OF NEWS.
the 7th of next month, at 10 o'clock, A. M. The CONGRESS.-In the Senate, the nominations of Committee on Instruction to meet at the school on Senator Sevier and Attorney General Clifford, as the preceding evening at half past 7 o'clock.
-annual tion of the Treaty, have been confirmed. The Ten examination of the students, commencing on Third Regiment bill was again taken up, and after being day morning the 4th prox. discussed by Calhoun, Berrien, Webster, Clayton
Thomas KIMBER, Clerk. and others, in opposition to the bill, and by Cass, Philadelphia, 3d month 25th, 1848. 20
A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS..
bytery, or wound his conscience by pronouncing
excommunication against his own daughter, Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum,
whom he knew to be a virtuous and religious No. 50 North Fourth Street,
woman. But, alas ! both his conscience and PHILADELPHIA.
natural affection gave place to the love of money ; Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six so that he was determined to read the excomcopies for ten dollars.
munication, and had uttered some kind of prayThis paper is subject to newspaper postage only.
ers previous thereto, when he was suddenly
struck by death, at the very time he had purROBERT BARCLAY AND FRIENDS IN
posed to deliver that sentence. A melancholy SCOTLAND.
and remarkable exit, wherein nature was observed fContinued from page 419.)
to sink under the weight and oppression of a It happened about the year 1666, that James conflict between conscience and self-interest. Urquhart, for his conscientious separation from Sir John Keith, who in those days, and the national church of the day, fell under the afterward, was very violent against Friends, censure of the Presbytery, and was excom- having, in the year 1667, brought away, under a municated. The excommunication was sent to guard, several of this people from Inverury, one William Forbes, a minister of the place where they had been previously imprisoned; the where Urquhart lived, with the injunction of the magistrates of Aberdeen, to whom they were Presbytery to publish it from the pulpit. The delivered, after keeping them in confinement minisier, conscious in behalf of the honesty and some time, caused them to be conducted through integrity of the person, against whom he was the streets, with great contempt and reproach, to enjoined to read the sentence, fell under strong the Bow-bridge, where a guard was provided to convictions, and great reluctancy of mind against conduct them southward to Edinburgh, from the performance of what he was commanded. shire to shire, as the worst of malefactors. When Bat, when he considered, that the consequence they had proceeded a little way out of the town, of his disobeying the Presbytery would, in all one of the prisoners, William Gellie, a man of probability, issue in the loss of his stipend, very weakly and infirm habit, sat down; and covetousness overcame his convictions; and he the rest of the Friends followed his example, publicly pronounced the sentence against James refusing to go further, unless horses were proUrquhart, in direct opposition to the dictates of vided. At this, one of the magistrates, named his own conscience. This, afterward, gave him Alexander, who attended in' order to see much uneasiness, and his mind became so dis. them set out, was much enraged, commanding composed, that he could not, for some time, pro- William Gellie to rise and go forward on foot ; ceed in performing the usual offices of his func- and because of his refusal he struck him pitetion; until, at length, he publicly and ingenuously ously. Friends, however, continued to sit still; came to confess, that his discomposure was a just upon which, the magistrate with all his train, not judgment of God upon him, for cursing with his being able to prevail in their purpose, returned to tongue a person, whom he believed in his own Aberdeen, and the Friends to iheir respective conscience to be a very honest man. Yet, not- dwelling places. But, the first object that prewithstanding his convictions were so clear and sented itself to this persecutor on reaching his overpowering, he again fell into the like error, own house, was his son, who had by a fall and in a way more nearly affecting him. His broken his arm, and at the very same time that own daughter, Jane Forbes, was convinced of the father had been using his arm to strike the the Truth, and joined the people called Quakers. harmless servant of the Lord; which circumChurch proceedings were carried on against her stance, thus coinciding, so awakened the conto an excommunication, which her father was science of this person, that he said, (and afterrequired by the Presbytery to pronounce. The ward told it to some Friends,) he should never poor man's case, under so difficult a dilemma, strike a Quaker again. was really to be pitied. Hard was his choice, We return to Alexander Jaffray, who at this either to lose his living by disobeying the Pres- period laboured under much atliiction with a
quinsy; for some time he could not speak, nor pediment was removed in the following manner. scarcely eat or drink, insomuch as to be given She happened to be taken ill, and kept her over for death by all that beheld him. Yet, while chamber, in an apartment, under the same room in that state, he signified by writing, the steadfast- where Barbara Forbes dwelt. At her house, the ness of his faith in God; and also his belief, Friends were accustomed occasionally to meet, that he should yet be preserved for further ser- so near to the apartment of Lilias Skene, that vice to the Lord and his Truth; which predic- she could distinctly hear what passed. Attentivetion the sequel fully verified. It is said, that, at ly listening on one occasion, she plainly heard that juncture, a certain female, a noted professor, two English women exercised both in preaching was much impressed, observing the calmness, and prayer, whose lively testimonies she obresignation, and faith evinced by this devoted served to be full of Scripture expressions, and Christian, in an hour which was judged to be his their petitions put up in the name of Christ, as last, and his unshaken firmness in the testimony well as accompanied by his life and power. which he had received to bear; hereupon, she Thenceforward, she was effectually reached by went to one of the ministers of the city, and the Truth, and brought under subjection to it; asked, whether they durst deny that Jaffray had being also thoroughly convinced of the falsehood once been a truly gracious man. They said, of those slanderous accusations, with which the they would not deny it. “Then,” said she, preachers whom she formerly admired, had been “either Quakerism must be a right way, or else accustomed to calumniate the Friends. your doctrine false, who say, there is no total This valuable woman had not long entertained nor final fall from true grace ; for he, is dying, and adopted such a change in religious views, confirming that way.”
when her husband, Alexander Skene, from a Shortly after, on the 11th of the 9th month, zealous opposer of this people, became a sincere 1668, he was taken from his own house at convert to their Christian principles; as did also Kingswells, in'a sickly, debilitated condition, and Thomas, Mercer, “ late dean of guild,” about ca by three messengers to Banff prison, at the same time. The civil stations occupied by the instigation of the Bishop of Aberdeen, under these individuals in Aberdeen, and the general the pretence of a fine of six hundred merks, repute in which they stood, appeared only to add formerly imposed upon him by the High Com- to the alarm and indignation evinced by the mission Court, for suffering religious meetings at ministers, on occasion of such persons with
, Bishop and those termed clergy discovered the Immediately upon the convincement of the malignity of their disposition, in imprisoning two individuals above mentioned, Alexander this faithful man thirty miles distant from his Skene and Thomas Mercer, at the joint solicitahabitation ; which, to him in a delicate and en- tion of the four ministers of Aberdeen, a subfeebled state, proved no less than three days' synod, or, perhaps, more correctly speaking, a journey. He was there detained prisoner nine Synod was convened by the Bishop; which met months and sixteen days, to his great expense soon after, and drawing up an address to the and detriment, some of his family being mosily King's Council at Edinburgh, sent two of their with him, as well as to the endangering of his number to present it; in which they petitioned life ; for he might have died there, had not the the Council, to take some effectual course to curb civil power relieved him from ecclesiastical and rid the land of the Quakers, who were increas. tyranny; the King's Privy Council giving order ing among them. The deputies from the Synod for his release, without his paying anything expected to obtain some fresh order from the whatever for the fine, or for fees or charges, Council against the “Quakers,” but met with neither of which he could conscientiously have fresh disappointment; the Council only referring defrayed.
them to a precedent Act of Parliament, which orAbout this time, Lilias Skene, wife of Alex- dained, that all who withdraw" from their parish ander Skene, one of the magistrates of Aberdeen, church, be admonished by the preachers before a woman held in high estimation there for her two sufficient witnesses," and then, after an abreligious attainments, and especially by George sence of three successive weeks, " they be fined Meldrum the minister before mentioned, was one eighth of their valued rents."
Returning to brought under a great concern of mind to join Aberdeen, these deputies reported to the town herself in society with the despised “Quakers.” Council, the issue of their application ; upon A material circumstance attending her convince- hearing which, the provost or mayor made this ment merits observation. While her mind was remark,
What signifies all this? we had this deeply exercised in a serious inquiry after the before : take you care to do your own work, way of Truth, she found her progress impeded and we shall do ours.”. Two of them, George by notions and prepossessions against that peo- Meldrum and David Lyall, thereupon, immeple, industriously instilled by the preachers into diately set about doing their part towards bring, her mind, and into the minds of others of their ing the Act into force against this people ; and hearers ;—as, that they denied the Scriptures, and were busily engaged in performing their monitory did not pray in the name of Jesus. This im- ofice from house to house, when, that same
night, the King's Declaration of Indulgence to
HENRY GURNEY AGGS. all Nonconformists, in 1672, reached Aber- This dear youth evinced a retiring and thoughtdeen, and put a stop to their proceedings at that ful demeanour, with a marked ingenuousness of time. This was accepted as a providential de- character; and his noble and affectionate disposi-, liverance by the persons whose ruin they sought. tion endeared him to all who knew him. He ap
The Declaration of Indulgence camé very peared to be visited, at a very tender age, with seasonably to prevent the execution of an Act of those precious influences of Divine love, by which Council, which the preachers had prevailed upon even a child is constrained to inquire whether the magistrates of Aberdeen to pass; by which his way is right. With' a mind sensible of the they had resolved," that no Quaker should be reproofs of instruction, he manifested a love for made a burgess or freeman of that city,” and retirement; and some of his early efforts in that “ whosoever received a Quaker into his writing, were expressive of his sense of the house, without leave of the magistrate, should be shortness of time, and his desire that he . might fined, five shillings. And that if any person be more obedient to his heavenly Father every should let a house for Quakers, either to meet or day." Various passages in his diary for the last dwell in, he should be fined five hundred merks year, record his solicitude that the events of his Scots money, or £28. 2s. 6d. sterling.
life may be under the guidance of Best Wisdom. About the same time, the people called Qua
On the 12th of 11th month, 1846, on account: kers in this kingdom received relief, in a case of of indisposition, he went home from London conscience, in which they, in common with their with his mother. His complaint was considered brethren in other parts, were greatly exposed to a feverish cold, that, with attention, would soon suffering. It was the custom and legal practiee pass off. He appeared to be going on favourably, of Scotland, in suing for a debt, when proof until Fourth-day evening, the 25th of 11th failed, to put the defendant to clear himself upon month, when there was an increase of fever, and oath: this exposed the Friends, who could not on the following day he was decidedly worse. swear at all, to be made a prey, by ill-designing On retiring to rest that evening, he spoke to his persons prosecuting them frequently for unjust mother with deep and' affectionate feeling, esclaims. The judges, perceiving the advantage pecially mentioning a book which he wished to this conscientious scruple gave their antagonists be destroyed, if he should not recover. “ I have in such suits, and regarding the case with that never read it through, it is an improper book; I equity which became their station, humanely de- have laid it aside ; it was given to me by termined, that in such cases a simple declaration but I wish no one to read it. Do thou burn it, of the truth should be accepted from that people: dear mother.” The exercise of his mind, under a favour they had not then obtained in England. a sense of the pernicious effects of such reading,
But, as they did not fail to admire that provi- its being displeasing in the Divine sight, and the dential Goodness, through whose hand every perusal of such works an unprofitable employblessing flows towards his children; so could ment of time, was deeply instructive. they do no less, than notice the remarkable in-l. During great part of that night he was engaged terposition of the same overruling power in in fervent supplication, that his many, many sins another direction; either by unexpectedly baf- might be blotted out through redeeming mercy, Aling the designs of the persecutors, or by acknowledging he had been a great sinner, but weakening their hands in various respects : some that Jesus was all-sufficient to make those whose times, even constraining them to penitence, at sins might appear as scarlet, white as snow. He other times, in an awful manner cutting short the said his heavenly Father had cast him very low, lives of those, that still proceeded in their but that he believed. He would, in His matchless wickedness.
mercy, again raise him--he desired it might be Although much occasion remains for us all, in only to His glory. In his petitions he parhumility and fear, to look well to our own ticularly supplicated for his dear father and standing, rather than improperly to dive into the brother, that the pleasure of the world might be counsels of unsearchable Wisdom respecting stained in their view, and that, looking unto others; yet surely, in regard to cases like these, Jesus, they might find in : Him a Saviour, a we are bound with reverence to acknowledge Counsellor, a Friend, and sure Refuge in time of the hand behind the scene, even that eternal Jus- need. About six o'clock in the morning, he asked tice and Truth which has declared, “ He that to have his mother called, adding that he had covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso said, he thought he might recover, now, he beconfesseth and forsaketh them, shall have mercy. lieved he should not; but he was happy, perHappy is the man that feareth always : but he fectly happy; that he had prayed fervently, and that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.” felt “ peace, sweet peace, and such a calm. He “ He that is perverse in his ways shall fall at expressed how differently he should wish to once." “ He that being often reproved, harden- spend his time, if he were permitted to be reeth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and stored to health ; it was an important talent comthat without remedy.” Prov. xxviii. and xxix. mitted to our trust, for which we were very ac
countable. This illness had been dispensed in (To be continued.)
great mercy, for it had brought him more en- / rhage produced great exhaustion, yet his sweet tirely to seek his dear Redeemer.
spirit seemed all love, and fixed in patient and On Sixth-day, on seeing his mother, he said, dependent waiting on Him who had conde. “Dearest mother, the enemy has been buffeting scended “to make all his bed in sickness.” It and distressing me, but now all is sweet peace. being necessary to keep him very quiet, conA few hours afterwards, calling her to him, versation was discouraged, but at intervals he “ Dearest mother, come very near me,—now be emphatically said, "sweet quiet!" "Oh! what
and after a solemn pause, he is life, but to prepare for eternity! never, neversupplicated that all his sins might be blotted out ending eternity! to think of that! it is everby the precious blood of the Lamb, making use lasting.” “ All fear of death is taken from me.” of the words, * I do implore this from the very “I am in the hands of Jesus !". These, and. bottom of my heart; also that if it were his similar expressions, shewed that his hope was heavenly Father's will he should recover, he staid on the Lord, and that he experienced the might be enabled to live to his glory, and shew fulfilment of that promise, “ Thou wilt keep him unto others what the Lord had done for his soul; in perfect peace whose mind is staid on thee, if otherwise, that his gracious Saviour would be because he trusteth in thee." with him to the end, for his blood could cleanse At different times throughout his illness, he him from all his sins. After a little time, he had spoken of his earnest desire to be given up added, “ Dear mamma, do thou remind me of in true dedication, unmindful of the reproach of my covenant, if I should recover."
the world; also of the principles of Friends, and He requested his mother would read to him his belief, that if life were spared, he should be some passages from John, relative to the Saviour; required steadfastly to uphold them. He again observing that John was the beloved disciple of dwelt on the importance of a careful selection of Jesus; and, after a pause, mentioned the chapter our associates, and of reading. Speaking of his on the resurrection, to parts of which he listened last attendance at Newington Meeting, and of with much interest, and also to some of the pro- the impression made on his inind by the ininistry mises of Scripture, and remarked at the close of of a Friend, he regretted that his thoughts had the chapter, “ Beautiful-very beautiful!” re- too frequently wandered during these solemn repeating the words, “I ascend unto my Father, ligious opportunities ; acknowledging our great and to your Father, and to my God and your responsibility for the right use of these privileges. God.” He afterward spoke of Peter walking on On First-day morning, the 13th, seeing the the sea; saying, that as soon as his faith light breaking through the curtains, he turned to wavered, and doubts arose, he sank; exclaiming, his father who was watching by his side, and “Oh! how necessary to our well-being, to have said sweetly, “the dawning of the sabbath." the eye of faith steadily fixed on Jesus.” Then His mother afterwards reminding him it was addressing his sister, "Be careful, dearest, of thy First-day-the day on which our Saviour arose associates ; we have ever been guarded in that -he quickly answered, "Yes, dearest mother, respect. Do thou choose serious and fixed perhaps on this day I may also ascend." He
I characters for thy friends ; we are so imper- inquired what was the opinion of the medical ceptibly influenced by those with whom we pass men, and learning there was a slight improvemuch time."
ment, said, “I should like-no-I have no deThe disease had assumed the form of typhus, sire to be raised again ; all my sins are blotted and life seemed to be fast drawing towards a out by the precious blood of Christ; He died to close. During its alternations, though he thought save the greatest of sinners, and he can save it right, in reference to additional medical advice, even at the eleventh hour.” Then turning with to use all the means within our power, he be a look of tender affection to his
other, “Dearlieved he should not recover, on one occasion est mother, do not grieve, the Lord will support saying, “ I look to the Great Physician of souls.” thee.” He affectionately addressed his sister, and He frequently expressed how graciously his soon afterwards, in giving directions for the disheavenly Father had dealt with him. His throat posal of some of his things, he again alluded to being much parched, and suffering from thirst, the book mentioned in the former part of his illallusion was made to the water of eternal life, ness, and requested it might be destroyed; as and never thirsting again, he replied, “ Delight- also his music; not that there was anything obful! streams of living water." On referring to jectionable in the words, but feeling at that time the
passage, In all their afflictions he was af- it did not yield satisfaction, he was desirous it flicted, and the angel of his presence saved should not be a temptation to others. them;" and to how much his Saviour had en- He spoke of one or two of his school-fellows dured for his sake, and that of the whole world, with interest, and desired the value of time might he exclaimed with emotion, “• Whose sweat be considered by those he loved. He mentioned was as great drops of blood, falling to the ground!' being at Tottenham, and feared that, whilst What love! what matchless love! Oh, how un- there, he had not made the best use of the oplike what I have to bear!"
portunities within his power, earnestly requestOn the 7th of 12th month, internal hemor-Wing forgiveness of his parents for any errors he