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sufficient to qualify a man for the ministry of the deduce a lesson from it, to which they may occagospel. And if an education in one of those semi- sionally recur with advantage in a future day. naries could not confer such qualification, the infer- Had the vindictive passion which was spent upon ence was inevitable, that it could not be derived the innocent gosling been indulged, it might easily from schools or colleges at all. Here a principle have been transferred 10 the owners; and a series was recognized which, if generally admitted, must of unkind and irritating transactions arisen from prostrate the whole system of ecclesiastical usurpa- this trilling event. A story is somewhere told, the tion. A power before which the mightiest potentates particulars of which are nol distinctly recollected, of of christendom had quailed, was threatened with two Indian tribes, located near each other; aniong total annihilation by the simple principles proclaim- whom a quarrel arose, commencing with the chiled and defended by George Fox and his friends. dren, and eventually involving the nations in a Upon any estimate which human sagacity could desolating war. The origin of the controversy apform, the attack upon this fabric of human inven-pears to have been of as little importance as the tions, was a more formidable attempt than either of destruction of the gosling, or the treading down of those to which our previous observations apply. the farmer's grass. But George Fox did not stop to calculate probabilities. He made no compromises with his conscientious convictions. His path was a plain one:

MARRIED, -At Friends' Meeting House, in Millto do what he saw to be his duty, and leave the ville, Orleans Co., N. Y.

, on Fourth day, the 23d of

Second month last, John W. WEAVER to Ann E., consequences to Divine disposal. The hierarchy daughter of Jonathan Taber, all of that vicinity. was assailed by the learning and genius of Milton, but George Fox and his coadjutors brought an engine to bear upon it, which was more powerful DIED,-Near Smithfield, Ohio, (of paralysis, ) on than logic or sarcasm. They met the clerical de- the 21st of Third month, Mary M., wife of Samuel mands by a determination of purpose which no

Carr, an esteemed member of Smithfield Monthly thing less than religious conviction could support.

Meeting, in the 51st year of her age.

At her residence in Mahoning Co., Ohio, They did not attempt to wrest by violence the on the 24th of Twelfth month last, aged 75 years, ecclesiastical power from the hands that held it, Priscilla STANLEY, a member of Upper Springfield but they manifested the depth of their convictions, Monthly Meeting, and widow of Thomas Stanley, by patiently suffering the penalties of the law. formerly of Hanover Co., Virginia. She bore her Power gained by violence, might be regained by signation to the Divine will.

last illness with much patience, manifesting resimilar means; but a cause advocated and maintain.

On Sixth day, the 10th of last month, of ed by suffering and Christian forbearance, was re- pulmonary disease, in the 27th year of her age, commended to the consciences of beholders. As Sarah Ann, daughter of Thomas Shinn, of Mahothe great system of ecclesiastical usurpation is con- ning Co., Ohio, a member of Goshen Preparative sidered by Friends as one of the most conspicuous

Meeting results of the apostacy, the maintenance of a free gospel ministry has always been held as one of our indispensable testimonies. And what has been the FRIENDS' BOARDING SCHOOL-CANADA result of the stand first made by our primitive

WEST. Friends ? It is well known that many of those who This school is located in a healthy and plearemoved at an early day to the western world, were sant part of the Prince Edward District, about closely wedded to their particular systems of ecclesi- hree miles west of the town of Pictou, to which astical power; and that numerous efforts were made place there is a communication daily, while the to engraft them on the forms of government estab- navigation is open. The establishment consists ed on this side of the Atlantic. But at the present of a farm of one hundred acres, with suitable day, with a population of nearly twenty millions, buildings for the accommodation of about twentythe people of the United States acknowledge no for its procurement by subscription, and although

five pupils of each sex. Funds were obtained ecclesiastic jurisdiction of an involuntary character. the society in Canada subscribed liberally, yet it The people are at liberty to perform their worship is questionable whether they would have been in the manner best suited to their religious persua- able to obtain the requisite means but for the sion, and to support such ministry and ministers as liberal assistance of the late J. J. Gurney and they conscientiously approve. Is not this a triumph other English Friends. In the years 1845 and of the principles of Quakerism in one of our most 1846, the school received additional donations essential points ?

from the same source, to the amount of about

$500, for the purpose of placing children at the Perhaps some of our readers may consider the school whose parents were not able to defray the little goose story which we have inserted, as rather whole of the expense themselves. The school trifling; but we apprehend our juvenile friends may has been in successful operation for six years,

For Friends' Review.



mo., 1848.

and thus far, by good economy, has been able to uninjured. Immediately I looked round in order sustain itself, though the terms of admittance are to ascertain whether I had been observed, and exceedingly low, being for Friends' children, finding the deed was known only to mysell

, I only $55 for girls and $65 for boys, per annum, gave way to a conviction fast rising within me, with an additional charge of $5 for those whose which pointed the course for me to pursue.

I parents are not members. The course of in- hurried up to my house, put my purse in my struction is intended to give the pupils a good pocket, and made my way to my neighbour's. English education. From the report of the An elderly woman was the head of the house, School Committee to the Half-Year's Meeting, and she was the first person I met with. Having it appears that the number of boarders at the some little acquaintance, she civilly invited me to school within the past year was 81-boys 38, a seat. Her astonishment was great on my askgirls 43; members 44, average attendance 27, ing her whether she would sell me a gosling. which shows that


attended for only a short * Why, Mr. W., you are certainly not in earnest time. This is much to be regretted, as little be- in wishing to buy a gosling." I assured her that nefit can be derived in so limited a period. was my object in coming. She replied, “I never

In few sections of our Society is there a greater heard of anybody buying a gosling, for every need of schools of this character than in Canada ; ( one knows they will fret themselves to death if and it is very desirable that there should be an taken from the goose." I then added, I thought increasing disposition among Friends in that she might now feel quite easy if, after this inquarter to avail themselves of the opportunity, formation I still persisted in buying one. With thus and not otherwise afforded, of giving their becoming reluctance she then named her price, children the advantages of a suitable education. which was prompily paid. She then asked me

J. H. H. what I intended to do with it. I informed her Orleans Co., N. Y., 3d

how it had already been disposed of-expressed my sincere regret for the occurrence, as well as

her kindness to me on the occasion. We then Por Friends' Review,

pleasantly parted, and from that time to the preTO PREVENT ANNOYANCE FROM YOUR NEIGHBOUR'S GEESE.

sent I have not been molested by my neighbour's

geese. Feeling much disposed to make a visit to my

As some of the young readers of the Review old friend * * as well as to breathe some country air, I left the city one afternoon, and by country friend, I feel disposed to offer it to the

may profit by this excellent example of my sundown found myself seated between him and editor, and remain a gratified and constant his wife on their spacious piazza, enjoying a

READER. delightful moonlight evening.

Philadelphia, 3d mo., 1848. The next morning, whilst leisurely surveying his farm, we came to a point in his meadow on the bank of the *** creek, when he remarked,

HYDRAULIC TELEGRAPH. I seldom pass this spot without recollecting We lately inspected a new species of teleoccurrence which here took place in 1834. I graph, produced from the action of water, pa. requested him to oblige me by a relation of it; iented by Mr. Jowett, which appears to us very when he continued: After purchasing this farm simple and ingenious, and is likely to exeite I found that my predecessor had been greatly some attention, both from its own merits and annoyed by the frequent inroads of his neigh. from the interest which is taken in this means of bour's geese, and that the prospect was fair that communication at present. The idea of using I should be subject to the same inconvenience. water as a medium by which to communicate Knowing the character of my neighbours, and from place to place, arose from its well-known being truly desirous to live peaceably with them, incompressibility, and we find Mr. Jowett as often as I met the trespassing geese I quietly quoting, in his prospectus, from Dr. Lardner, the drove them into the creek, (which formed our following passage, which conveys the leading division line,) and endeavoured to make the best fealure of his invention :of the matter. But one morning in the 6th mo., “ A pressure excited on the liquid at one end of just as the grass was fit for mowing, I espied the the tube will be communicated to any surface in

I intruders, and observing the damage my grass contact with the liquid at the other end, whether had sustained from them, I seized a withered the tube between the two extremities be straight, limb which had fallen from a tree hard by, and curved, or angular, or whether it pass upwards

, commenced a hot pursuit. The flock immedi- down or in an oblique or horizontal diately took to the water, and my only chance for rection. It may be carried through the walls of revenge was to hurl my stick after them, which a building, through the course of a river, under, was done with a zeal worthy a better cause, and over, or around any obstruction or impediment, with fatal precision. A fine gosling was instantly or, in fact, according to any course or direction killed and carried off by the current, whilst the whatsoever. If a tube, filled with water, be ex; remainder of the flock gained the opposite bank Itended from London to York, a pressure excited




on the liquid at the extremity in London would present electric telegraph greater economy in be instantaneously transmitted to the extremity construction to the extent of two-thirds, no exat York.”. There is, perhaps, a limit to this pense whatever after the first outlay, and the doctrine, where curves and undulations are to be impossibility of any physical impediment interovercome, and also from the cohesive power offering with its working. The plan, whether the particles of water to that with which they generally adopted or not, is certainly well worthy are in contact. The model now exhibiting con- of attention, and no one can examine the model sists of a small tube with a piston and indicator without being struck with the principle which it at each end. An upright plate contains the let so beautifully illustrates.-Post. ters of the alphabet, the first letter being at the top of the plate at one station, and at the bottom of the plate at the other. Thus, if a telegraph

THE OUTSIDE PASSENGER. of this description were laid down from London to York, the indicator, if pointing to the letter A, Some years ago a young lady, who was going would be at the top of the plate at the former into a northern county, took a seat in a stageplace, and at the bottom at the latter. As the coach. For many miles she rode alone; but one piston descends, the other, from the pressure there was enough to amuse her in the scenery of the water, ascends in exact proportion, each through which she passed, and in the pleasing indicator pointing to the same letter. In the anticipations that occupied her mind. She had model, as we have stated, the plates containing been engaged as governess for the grandchildren the letters are placed upright; but it will be easily of an Earl, and was now travelling to his seat. seen that a horizontal dial can also be used, by At midday the coach stopped at an inn, at which means of a rack upon the piston and toothed dinner was provided, and she alighted and sat pinion to guide the indicating hand. This dial down at the table. An elderly man followed may contain two or more circles, into which and sat down also. The young lady arose, rang contracted sentences on any number of subjects the bell, and addressing the waiter, said, “ there can be inserted, the indicator being shortened so is an outside passenger, I cannot dine with an as to meet each circle. If it were wanted to outside passenger.” The stranger bowed, saycommunicate any intelligence upon railways, as ing, “I beg your pardon, madam, I can go into an example, suppose the contracted sentences another room," and immediately retired. The relating to this subject were in the inner circle, coach soon afterwards resumed its course, and the first intimation would be to shorten the indi- the passengers their places. At length the coach cator, so that its point would exactly touch the stopped at the gate leading to the castle to which words which are to be communicated. If a line the young lady was going ; but there was not of pipes were laid down from any given distance, such prompt attention as she expected. All each intermediate station would be communi- eyes seemed directed to the outside passenger, cated with by means of branch pipes. To each who was preparing to dismount. She beckoned, piston a bell is attached, and the first motion and was answered, “ as soon as we have atwould sound this, putting every one on the qui tended to his lordship we will come to you.”. A vive. If the communication were intended for few words of explanation ensued, and, to her the first station, the bell would strike one, and dismay, she found that the outside passenger, so on for the others. Without passing any with whom she had thought it beneath her to strong opinion as to the merits of this invention, dine, was not only a nobleman, but that very we must say that its extreme simplicity struck nobleman in whose family she hoped to be an us as an advantage of great importance. The inmate. What could she do? How could she difficulties which may at first sight strike the bear the interview? She felt really ill, and the observer, such as getting over heights above the apology she sent for her nonappearance that evenlevel of the stations, are what upon consideration ing. was more than pretence. The venerable it will be seen can be got over by local appli- peer was a consistent man, and one who knew ances. Perhaps the most serious would arise the way in which the Scripture often speaks of from the fact that the pipes will require to be the going down of the sun: “ We must not let placed underground so far as to keep ihem from the night pass thus,” said he to his countess : atmospheric influence, for in the event of any you must send for her, and we must talk to breakage taking place, it would be difficult in her before bed time.” He reasoned with the deed to tell the precise locality of the accident. foolish girl respecting her conduct, insisted on In the case of wires as used at present, any the impropriety of the state of mind that it damage they may sustain is easily found out, evinced, assured her that nothing could induce and can be as easily remedied; but in the case of him to allow his grandchildren to be taught such underground pipes filled with water, unless, in- notions, refused to accept any apology that did deed, this agent be in sufficient body to force not go the length of acknowledging that the itself to the surface, we do not see how an acci- thought was wrong; and when the right impresdent can occur without causing much labour and sion seemed to be produced, gave her his hand. cost. The inventor claims for his plan over the l Liverpool Albion.

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the light into these cavities of the moon ; we see Prof. Mitchell , of Cincinnati , has been re- of the cavities are defined with a degree of accu

shadows cast by the sunward sides, and the limits cently delivering, in the city of New York, a series of highly interesting lectures on Astro-racy surpassing anything upon the surface of the nomy—from one of which, as reported in the earth. For the shadows are not here so black Tribune, we take the following extract :

as upon yonder orb. They are mitigated and " Though I have presented you demonstration dispersed through the influence of our atmoto-night, you will pardon me if I occupy a little sphere. But on the moon there is no atmomore than my allotted time in giving you some

sphere—at least not such a one as will compare account of the telescopic appearance of the

at all with ours. The moon's atmosphere, if inmoon's surface. Those who, for the first time, deed it have one, can be no denser than the vs. behold the moon's surface through a powerful tremely rarified air, lest in the most perfect vainstrument, will always be disappointed in its cuum yet produced in an exhausted receiver. It appearance. There are mighty mountains on its cannot sustain animal life-it cannot support surface; there are deep black cavities, some per- the reason that the moon has no atmosphere,

clouds, nor can it sustain combustion. And, for haps fifteen, twenty, forty, and even sixty miles there is no gradual fading away of the light as in diameter, and sinking below the surface seven the sun sinks deeper below the horizon—no soft

, and eight thousand feet. Out of these, mighty mild and lovely twilight, such as sheds a holy rocks arise two thousand feet above the level of the valley, casting their black shadows upon the serenity over our favoured globe—but instanta

. plains below. All these things are very fine; of the sun, drear as the night of Death; and

neous and appalling darkness follows the setting and yet, on looking at them through the telescope for the first time, one is invariably disap waning from faint streaks of light to the fulness

broken-not by the • rosy-fingered morn,' slowly pointed. You cannot see mountains as you see of the day-spring-but startled from the very them in the Highlands of New York, You cannot see the grey rocks projecting so beautifully depth of blackness by the lightning's flash of the as you behold them on some earthly height. sun's meridian glory.” — Massachusetts Spy. Remember, after your telescope has carried you out as far as you can reach, there is yet a whole

SING SING PRISON. hundred miles to be overcome. So, in spite of

From the annual report of the Inspectors, the all you can do, and with all the aid you can bring, you are a hundred miles from the object. following is selected, as a striking illustration of

But, do we know nothing of the moon? Are the advantages arising from the melioration of we so far off that we can tell nothing of the cha- prison discipline. We copy from the New York racteristics of its surface? I answer: we know Mercury : that towering mountains lift their lofty heads,

The aggregate receipts of the prison from all deep caverns yawn, and there are vast circular sources during the last fiscal year, are put down elevations resembling the usual productions of at $74,136 16. . The amount expended for volcanic action. And how do we determine every purpose during the same period $73,30359. these things ? By the lights and shadows which show themselves to the eye, we measure the an argument based upon the history of the prison

The most interesting feature of the Report is height of these mountains, by remarking the for the past five years, designed to show that the relative position of the sun and the earth. mark the extremities of their long, deep shadows, and in the same degree as the discipline of the

We value of convict labour has constantly advanced, and find that as the sun slowly rises, the shadows prison has been ameliorated, and moral agencies by degrees recede towards the base of the moun- have been substituted for degrading penalties. tains; and when noon-day arrives they entirely After stating that during the past year the disappear. Then as the sun begins to decline average number of offences and of degrading punon the other side, the same dark shadows are ishments has been smaller than during any precast in opposite directions. We watch these vious period in the history of the institution, so movements till we ascertain with perfect cer- small indeed, as to amount to a practical abantainty the character of the object which casts donment of the lash, and of all punishments in the shadow, and we measure its height. These which ignominy and degradation are regarded as are reliable facts.

essential elements, the Inspectors add : But the question next comes : how is it pos- “We are aware that the rarity of punishment sible to measure the depths of those deep cavi- might be evidence of lax discipline as well as of ties? It appears as if immense lakes had once good discipline, and that the government of the filled them, and by some extraordinary means prison may by many be thought to have been the water had been evaporated, leaving the in- inefficient, for the want of a more stringent sys. terior dry, hard and sterile. We find these tem of penal treatment. We choose to anticipate depths in like manner as we ascertain the height this objection, and to dispose of it at once ; both of mountains. When the sun is rising it casts I because it may exclude all satisfactory inferences


from the minds of some who are disposed to

At the lecture delivered on the 30th of 11th reach the truth upon this subject, and because it month last, after speaking of the position and has been stated publicly, by persons not suffi- time-serving policy of the great Sadducee and ciently cautious about giving currency to error, Pharisee families of Jerusalem, who composthat the finances of the prison have suffered in ed the Sanhedrim, the lecturer next proceedconsequence of the depreciation of convict labour ed to describe the administration of the four first occasioned by the inefficiency of the discipline procurators, and then spoke of the fifth, Pontius administered within its walls. We are fortu- Pilate. He was the first who made the Jews nately able to demonstrate, from the statistics to feel the cruel and rapacious caprice of a Ropreserved on the files of the prison for the past man governor, goading the people on to exasperafive years, not only that this is not the case, but tion by acts of oppression, and then punishing what is of far greater importance, that the market them for that exasperation, by fresh acts of price of convict labour at the prison has advanc- oppression and rapine. Dr. Raphall mentioned ed in direct ratio with the melioration of its dis- some curious particulars respecting the name and cipline. That in proportion as moral agencies birthplace of Pontius Pilate, and then proceeded have been substituted for degrading penalties, the to enumerate various acts of extortion and cruelty value of the convict labour of all kinds has risen perpetrated by that procurator ; after which he until its average price is now higher and the said, "I have spoken at some length of Pontius average number of punishments less than they Pilate, not because his administration was imhave ever been before in this institution. We portant in itself, but chiefly because you may confine ourselves for the purpose of this demon- deem it interesting to know what I think of the stration to the last five years, for three reasons : character and sway of the inan, before whose first, because no statistics of discipline of any tribunal the great teacher of Nazareth value prior to 1843 have been preserved'; arraigned. I feel that I am treading on slippery secondly, because that, anterior to that time, ground, for, on this, and beyond all other substock and labour were so much intermingled jects, your opinions and mine must be expected the prison accounts that the exact market value to differ. But I stand before you this evening, of the laiter cannot easily be discriminated; and as an historian, not as a polemic: and as an thirdly, the period we have chosen embraces historian I have only to remark, that in its first every gradation of discipline, from the most rigid origin, Christianity does not appear to have exand severe, to the most humane, which the plan ercised any direct or immediate influence on the of our penitentiary system in this State, as by polity and public affairs of the Jews. Their law established, will admit of.

traditions preserve but few memorials of the “ The following table, compiled from the most founder of Christianity ; indeed it is more than authentic and reliable sources, presents the aver- doubtful, whether he be the Jesus spoken of in age number of violations of prison rules and the the Talinud, and who is stated to have been the average number of lashes inflicted for their pun- contemporary of Joshua Ben Perachia, more ishment, and also the average price of convict than one hundred years before the period at labour at the prison, from the 1st of May, 1843, which the Gospels_place the birth of the son of to the 1st of December, 1847 :

Mary. Thus the Jews, like yourselves, have no

other authentic account of his life and teachings Average number

of convicls la than the Gospels, and with these you are, doubt

bour per day. less, better acquainted than I can pretend to be. 1813 115

1121 31 44-113

I am therefore not called upon to speak of his 1844 73

787 35 75-211 life and actions. But if you are desirous of 1815 643


knowing the opinion of a Jew, aye, of a teacher 1846 65 7-12

144 5-6 40

in Israel, respecting the proceedings against, and 1847

38 45 9-14

the condemnation of, the master from Nazareth, It is proper to state, in connexion with the I do not hesitate to tell you, that I do not by any foregoing table, that for the six months previous means feel bound to identify myself, or my brethto this present month of December, the average ren in faith, with those proceedings, or to uphold number of lashes per month has been 22, and that condemnation. The Sanhedrim of those the average price of convict labour 50 cents per days composed of both Sadducees and party

During four of the six months last referred coloured Pharisees, of timid, time-serving, and to, the lash was not resorted to in a single in- | therefore unprincipled men, does not sufficiently stance."

command our confidence : what we know of the

otives of some of their acts, is not of such a

nature, as to inspire us with that firm reliance on PRESENT POSITION OF THE JEWS.

their integrity and piety, that we should at all Dr. Raphall, a learned Jewish Rabbi, has feel bound to identify ourselves with them, or to lately delivered a course of interesting lectures at maintain the justice of a sentence, solely because Birmingham, to crowded audiences, “On the they pronounced it. On the contrary, in the post Biblical history of the Jews."

absence of any Jewish account of these proceed.

Average prices


of violations
per inonth.

Average nuinber

of lashes per


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