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know. of no rank, however exalted, in which though surrounded with munitions of impregnable such a system would not prove beneficial. strength. The effort, whether successful or not, to Hints on the formation of Character.
establish a republic in the heart of Europe, com
posed of a population exceeding thirty millions, FRIENDS' REVIEW.
must unavoidably exercise a controlling influence among the neighbouring powers. The spirit of re.
volution when once aroused is very apt to run into PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 15, 1848. excesses which the actors themselves did not at
first anticipate. Happy will it be for the people of Though it does not fall within the plan of the Europe if they sufficiently reflect that change does Review to enter upon the field of political disquisi- not necessarily imply improvement, or that thronee tions; yet in common with others, we cannot fail or governments established by violence may be to perceive that the time in which we live, may
overturned by similar means. The people of this very probably be marked as an era in the history country will doubtlessly await the tidings from of the world. From the present appearance of the the other side of the Atlantic with intense anxiety. political horizon, we may hazard the conjecture that
Yet amidst all the solicitude which we must feel the nineteenth century will be designated by future for the peace and happiness of our race, it is a conhistorians as the era of revolutions. About a cen
solation to repose in the assurance that the Most tury ago, the governments of Great Britain and High still rules the kingdoms of men; and that France began to contend respecting the great valley while the potsherds of the earth are dashing 10of the Mississippi, which in truth belonged 10 neither gether, there is still an overruling hand, which the of them, but to the native inhabitants or the soil
. earthquake and the storm, or the fiercer passions of The contest, however, soon involved these nations man, can never turn from its purposes. in a long and sanguinary war, in which the in
If from the political world we turn our eyes to the habitants of North America, both Indian and religious communities of our day, we readily perEuropean, largely paitook. When peace was at ceive that the spirit of revolution has made its aplength restored, the British ministry endeavoured to pearance also among them. We have cause to draw from their American colonies the means of tremble for the consequences which may possibly replenishing the exhausted treasury. Another con
arise from a disposition to remove the ancient landtest ensued, in which the monarch of France marks in church and state, and ought carefully to laking part with the revolting colonies, the flames of guard against innovations which are not clearly
The zeal of war, kindled on this side of the Atlantic, again compatible with justice and truth. spread into Europe. A conflict of more than seven
reformation, unless sedulously guarded, is liable to years was closed by the separation of the United | lead its votaries into measures which their own States from the mother country. But the people of sober judgment cannot approve. Hence, extensive France caught the spirit of revolution ; and a con- convulsions in the religious or political world are vulsion, unparalleled in modern history, ensued. usually attended with some degree of excess. It is, The military democracy of that devoted country therefore, of primary importance that those who are was overturned by the iron sceptre of Napoleon, and labouring to improve the opinions and practices of the potentates of Europe appeared for a time to their cotemporaries, or to defend the existing instiquail before that extraordinary man. But his course
tutions from unauthorized innovation, should cherish was soon run, and having scourged the nations with the remembrance, that the cause of vital Christianihis whip of scorpions, he himself died in captivity. ty can never be effectually promoted in any other Fifteen years after the fall of Napoleon, the last of the than a Christian spirit. A zeal which is not temBourbons was expelled from the throne, and Louis pered and rectified by the meekness of wisdom, Philippe, who had once wandered over Europe and
however plausible in its appearance, or sincere in America an exile from his native land, was placed
its intentions, will rather retard than advance the at the head of the French nation.
work of reformation. This change of dynasty in France was quickly followed by a revolution in Belgium ; where in 1832 We give place in the present number 10 an a constitutional monarchy was adopted. And now. epistle addressed to Friends in America by that after a reign of less than eighteen years, the citizen eminent apostle of modern times, George Fox. king of the French has been impelled to a precipi- This epistle, we may perceive from its date, was tate retreat from the land which he was so recently written before the charter of Pennsylvania was appointed to govern. This revolution, which was issued, and at a time when the Society of Friends apparently set in motion by the accidental discharge were thinly scattered over a great extent of counof a musket, shows that a sovereign without a peo. try, mostly covered by its primeval forests. Amidst ple to support him is little more than a shadow, his continual solicitude and labour for the preserva
tion and growth of the Society which he had been Diep,--On the 21st ult., at her residence near instrumental in gathering, and which was then Springborough, Ohio, in the 65th year of her age,
Hannah, wife of Hugh Henry, a member of Springspread over most parts of Great Britain, as well as borough Monthly Meeting. some portions of the continent of Europe, his active
At his residence in this city, on the and comprehensive mind was feelingly alive to morning of the 24th ult., Daniel Thornton, aged the interest and prosperity of Friends in this western sixty-six years, a member of Philadelphia Monthly. world.
Meeting The order and discipline which he first recom
MEMOIR OF RICHARD PECKOVER HARRIS. mended, and successfully laboured to establish in this Society, have commanded the aclmiration of and the grace of God, in and through our Lord
In the subject of this notice, the long-suffering men who, from their intimate acquaintance with Jesus Christ, were strikingly exemplified. the systems of government adopted by other reli
Although of strict integrity and uprightness in gious communities, were well qualified to judge of his intercourse with men, and of a very amiable their relative excellence. The truly evangelical disposition in the domestic circle, as a husband, letter before us strongly inculcates the principles on father, and son ; yet, for many years of his life, which alone that order and discipline can be suc. from his own acknowledgment, he turned a deaf cessfully maintained. The discipline of the Socie-ear to the strivings of the Holy Spirit, which, in ty was originally framed for a spiritually-minded adorable mercy, continued at times to plead with people; and it is more than questionable whether him; and, it is reverently believed, did not ultiit would be any thing better than a form without mately plead in vain. life, to any other class.
During the last few years of his life, an evident change of heart appears to have taken place;
and, although he was but little accustomed to The Yearly Meeting of Philadelphia being about give expression to his feelings, there is ground to to convene, the reflections of those who have believe, that, from this period, it was his sincere reached the latter stages of life naturally recur to desire to walk in the Divine fear, and to be the period of youth, and to Friends who, half a
humbled under the sanctifying and refining hand
of his God. century ago, were bearing the burden and beat of the day. Within that period how many princes taken place in his views, was afforded by his
Early indications of the change which had and great men have fallen in Israel! Well may regular attendance of a week-day meeting in the we exclaim, “The fathers, where are they? and city,—a practice which he had long neglected., the prophets, do they live for ever?" Memory These meetings, though often held in silence, still recalls the clear, sententious observations of are reverted to in his memoranda, as seasons of Dillwyn, the sage, judicious remarks of Cox, the much refreshment and comfort to him. impassioned eloquence of Lindley, the meek, un- During a suffering illness, of more than three assuming expressions of Scattergood, the prudent, months, borne with exemplary patience, he often controlling influence of Hoskins, and a large num- acknowledged, with overflowing feelings of thankber of worthies who have gone the way from which fulness, the unmerited mercies of the Lord to they will not return. The inquiry then arises, upon read, when not able to bear a longer portion of
him. He would often ask for a Psalm to be whom has their mantle fallen? Whether this question can or cannot be satisfactorily answered, Scripture,-mostly wishing one of thanksgiving question can or cannot be satisfactorily answered, to be selected, as best suited to his condition; of one thing we may rest assured, that the Master of assemblies is as able and as willing now thanksgiving and praise ; I have so many and
saying, on one occasion, “ Let it be one of as he was then, 10 favour his humble, dependent such great mercies to be thankful for.” children, who sincerely desire that his will and not At another time he exclaimed, “Oh! if partheirs, may be done in all things. Whatever don be granted me at the last hour, it is not that changes have occurred among us, with Him is no I have any trust in anything I have done: I variableness nor shadow of turning.
have been perhaps outwardly upright in my
conduct, and have endeavoured to be so in my MARRIED, —At Friends' Meeting, Springborough, deelings with others; I may have been what the Warren county, Ohio, on Fourth-day the 22d of world considers a moral man; but I feel that I last month, Simon Hadley, to Mary F. O'NEALL. am a great sinner; I have not one rag of
At Friends' Meeting House on Mulberry righteousness of my own to cover me; and if I street, in this city, on Fifth day the 6th inst., Frans am saved at last, remember, it will be all through cis Lightroot, to ABI, daughter of Joseph Walton, the boundless mercy of God in Jesus Christ : I all of Philadelphia.
have no other hope, and hardly dare to expect At Friends's Meeting House on Sixth street,
this great mercy:" adding, “there is such a Philadelphia, on Third-day the 4th inst., Jouy thing as God's Spirit ceasing to strive with man, CANBY, to ELIZABETH A., daughter of James Bou- when perhaps he may have made a scoff of it! stead, deceased, both of this city.
If I am spared now, I trust I shall live more
faithfully, and be more devoted to the things of a spot where never before stepped the foot of eterniiy. I believe I may say, if I thought I man; where heretofore the rushing waters forbade was prepared to enter heaven, I should rejoice too near approach, they worked safely on dry to go now.
ground. Rocks which at very low water had On the day before his decease, he told a near sometimes touched the keel of the steamer Maid relative, who had waited upon him with affec- of the Mist, and for the removal of which the tionate assiduity, that he "felt quite comfortable, Captain had made liberal offers, were yesterday peaceful, and happy.” He spoke most em blown to pieces, and removed with the same phatically of his “ many unmerited mercies, and ease as though it had been on dry land. The the indescribable consolation it was to feel death cause of this wonderful fall of the waters of so deprived of its terrors ;" adding, " Ah ! dear Niagara, can only be accounted for by supposing - little did I ever before think, that death would that the large fields of ice in the lower end bring so little of terror with it, as I now feel to of Lake Erie have moved down bodily, and accompany the prospect.'
formed a sort of dam between Fort Erie and More was added, which could not be fully Buffalo. The water is still low, but gradually gathered; but the words were distinctly heard, rising. Mercury. "refined and purified ! purified and refined ! " And a short time before he ceased to articulate,
FIRST BOAT ON LAKE ONTARIO. he said, with much emphasis, in reply to an James L. Barton, Esq., in a letter recently affectionate and filial inquiry respecting his state, addressed to the Young Men's Association of “ Yes, quite happy.”
Buffalo, gives the following account of the first He died at Dover the 11th of Tenth month American boat that ever floated on the waters of 1846, aged 67 years Annual Monitor.
the great lakes ;
In 1789, John Fellows, of Sheffield, MassaR. CLARIDGE ON JUSTIFICATION.
chusetts, started from Schenectady with a boat, In stating the belief of Friends on the subject its cargo mostly tea and tobacco, with a design of justification, in ‘an argument which he had of going to Canada to trade. On reaching Oswith an Antinomian Baptist, he says :
wego, the commanding officer refused him per“ In a word, if justification be considered in mission to pass that place. Fellows returned its full and just latitude, neither Christ's work with his boat and cargo up the Oswego river to without us, in the prepared body, nor his work Seneca river, up that into the Canandaigua 'outwithin us, by his Holy Spirit, are to be excluded : let, as far as where Clyde is ; here he built a for both have their place and service in our com- small log building (long known as the block plete and absolute justification.
house,) to secure his goods in, while he was en: “ By the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ with gaged in bushing out a sled road to Sodus Bay out us, we, truly repenting and believing, are, on Lake Ontario. He then went to Geneva, and through the mercy of God, justified from the got a yoke or two of cattle, haaled his boat and imputations of sins and transgressions that are property across, and then in this frail conveyance past, as though they had never been committed ; embarked with his goods, and pushed across the and by the mighty work of Christ within us, the lake. He met with a ready sale for his tea and power, nature, and habits of sin are destroyed, tobacco, and did well. He crossed in the same that as sin once reigned unto death, even so now boat, and landed at Irondequoit. The boat was grace reigneth, through righteousness, unto eter- afterwards purchased and used by Judge Porter nal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. And all this in travelling the shore of Lake Ontario, when is effected, not by a bare or naked act of faith, making the survey of the Phelps and Gorham separate from obedience; but in the obedience
purchase. of faith, Christ being the author of eternal sal
This was the first American craft that ever vation to none but those that obey him.". floated on the waters of the great lakes, now Evans' Exposition.
covered with magnificent steamboats and sail
vessels, fully employed in carrying on the imFALL IN THE NIAGARA.
mense commerce which passes over them. Respecting the late singular phenomenon at
Fifty-nine years only since the first American Niagara Fall, by which a considerable portion crossed Lake Ontario in a small boat! Let us of the river and falls was left dry, the Iris, of add forty-one years to that period, and who is that vicinity, has the following Table rock bold enough, or sagacious enough to foreshadow and some 200 yards more were left dry ; Islands the business of that lake ? R. R. Journal. and places where the foot of man never dared to tread, have been visited, flags placed upon some,
For Friends' Review. the mementos brought away. Judge Porter with NEW YORK SEWING SOCIETY. his troop of blasters under that active and effi- The Sewing Society of New York, which is cient foreman, James Macafee, was early in the composed of twenty-two middle aged and elderly canals, leading to the mills and factories, where Friends, who meet one afternoon in each week the thunder of their blasts were heard all day on at the houses of the members, have held their
last meeting for this season. The Secretary, friends, have rendered the evenings seasons of was directed to forward their concluding minute intellectual enjoyment and religious improveto the Editor of Friends' Review, presuming it ment. would not be uninteresting to others engaged in To the “ Trustees of the Murray Fund," and a similar manner.
to our friends, whose liberality has furnished us Having arrived at the close of the 16th session grateful acknowledgments.
the means of alleviating suffering, we tender our of the Sewing Society, we feel that the time devoted to its objects has not been passed without labour of love, separate at this time with kind
We trust all who have been engaged in this benefit to ourselves, as well as to the recipients feelings and best wishes for each other, and if of the bounty of which we were the almoners. Until recently, the only stated opportunities renewed energy and interest in the cause in
permitted to commence another session, will feel Friends enjoyed of mingling together socially, which we have been so long banded—the cause was in attending the meetings of our association, of the poor, the sick and the destitute. and a similar one for younger members. But a committee appointed by the Men's Monthly Meeting for the purpose of noticing strangers,
THE DESERTED SAILOR. and promoting a social feeling among Friends, Midway between Africa and Brazil, in the South have the past winter established meetings, which Atlantic, lies the little island of Ascension. It was were held one evening in each week at different discovered in the year 1501, and nothing could be Friends' houses ; these have brought together more barren and inhospitable than the aspect which, the scattered members of our religious society, during the three following centuries, it presented to and by offering occasions for the young and the navigator, who, impelled by curiosity or necesthose more advanced in life to associate more freely, have been productive of unity and an in
sity, visited its volcanic shores. creased attachment to our principles. Though
Its position, however, in the great highway of the at these meetings we had both approved reading India trade, attracted the attention of the British Goand conversation, still the principle inducement vernment, ever watchful over the commercial interfor continuing our little society remains with ests of its vast empire, and in 1815 this desolate unabated force. “The 'poor ye have always island became the seat of an English garrison, and with you,” were the words of Him, who in the reproach of barrenness ceased. The following condemning those on the left hand, said, “I was affecting narrative we find in Chambers's Edinburg naked, and ye clothed me not.”
Journal. It is there stated that the facts may be For the last two years the greater part of our considered genuine and authentic. They are conbenefactions have been dispensed to the afflicted tained in a tract preserved in the Harleian collection, children of Ireland. From the famine that de- which states, in addition, that some months after the voureth, from the pestilence that walketh in darkness,” they have flocked to our shore as to poor fellow's death, a ship touched at Ascension a city of refuge. While we were enjoying the and found his journal, and his body, and possessions bountiful gifts of our common Parent, we felt there.” bound to contribute our exertions to add to the On the morning of Saturday, the 5th of May, scanty covering of destitution and childhood.
upwards of a century ago, a ship belonging to the On recurring to the minutes of our association Dutch squadron came in sight of Ascension from the commencement, it appears that the Island. Anchoring at some distance from shore, society was established in 1833, and comprised she put off a boat, which, under the efforts of an twenty-three members, six of whom have since active crew, made rapidly for the island. The been removed from works to rewards. We be- boat contained, beside the crew, an individual lieve we have received in contributions from our heavily manacled, and a guard. The prisoner, friends about $1500, and distributed more than seated at the stern between the two soldiers who 3000 garments and some comfortables, which guarded him, sat with his head buried in his have contributed in a small measure to the com- hands ; but gave no further sign of emotion until fort of the deserving and the wretched, with he was disturbed from his position by the sound which this metropolis abounds.
of the boat grinding on the white shore of AscenThe reading of some approved work has been sion; when, with an agonized look at his comcontinued with but few interruptions. Even rades, and at the ressel, he silently rose, and in when the book has been previously perused by company with his guard, left the boat, and stepsome of us, the remarks which it has elicited, ped on to the beach of his prison. A sailor's and the information to which it has given rise, chest, some bedding, and sundry other articles, have conferred a new value and rendered it more were taken from the boat; the prisoner's chains instructive and interesting. Many Friends' were removed in silence, and the crew and guard books have been read, as well as memoirs of re-embarked, leaving him alone on the beach ; other pious persons, and tracts, reports of be- and nothing moved by his now frantic entreanevolent societies and manuscripts loaned by our ties to them to return and take him with them,
they pulled hard to the ship, apparently anxious tribes of melancholy insects awoke with its to take leave of a scene so painsul. Arriving on morning sun, and went to sleep at an early hour board, the anchor was presently heaved, all sail in the afternoon. Its shores, fierce-looking set, and the vessel stood out to sea, leaving the though they were, were more lively : flocks of unhappy man sunk on the sand in the most boobies strutted along its glittering sands, in abject despair. Before noon, she was out of all the impertinent independence consequent upon sight; and in every direction nothing was visible anacquaintance with mankind; a vast turtle or but the blue and desolate waters tossing up their iwo, six or seven hundred pounders, now and heads to the sky. The nature of the crime then, crawled from the blue waters, and after which was visited by this dreadful punishment, taking a short walk for the benefit of their health, we are not permitted to divulge ; but that it was crawled in again, walking over possibly hundreds of great heinousness, may be gathered from his of enraged crabs on their way back; and the own confessions. Some mercy. mingled with waters themselves were livelier stiil, for they the sentence, as was manifest in the numerous abounded in eels, old wives, and rock-cod. The little articles which were left for him on the extreme length of the island was a little more shore. Among these was a limited supply of than seven miles, its extreme breadth about sis, provisions, consisting of a little rice, onions, peas, and its general form was oval. and meal. He had also a cask of water, two Such were the miserable and most unpromis. buckets, an old fryingpan, and a fowling piece, ing circumstances under which this unhappy but no ammunition. Some paper, a Bible, a few man was left to take his chance of perishing clothes, and some unimportant sundries, com- utterly, or the more remote one of being displeted the list of his possessions.
covered and rescued by some passing vessel. The island itself was of a nature so savage As his journal, which he regularly kept from the and repulsive, as was well calculated to impress first day of his landing, has been preserved, we with horror and despair, the stoutest heart con- are able to proceed with the rest of his history, demned to so vast a dungeon. Being of volcanic After recovering in some measure from the shock origin, its surface was strewed with broken of being left alone, and after watching with an rocks, ashes, and pumice ; here and there a little aching heart the ship’s snowy topsail sink beneath red soil, scorched and sterile, peeped from be- the waves of the horizon, he addressed himself tween masses of rock upon which the traces of to his first labour, which was the construction of fire yet existed. Its shores on one side were a tent. The spot he selected for its site was frightful to approach: horrid precipices of black sufficiently gloomy, for it was beneath one of the lava seemed to fringe the island with mourning, disinal overhanging black rocks of which menand threaten intrusion with death, while at their tion has been made; but it assisted to cover his base were deep chasms, eaten out by the insatia- tent from the weather, and it was close to the ble wave.
Further on, the wildest confusion of beach upon which he, and all he possessed, had rocks, whose jagged summits added to the deso- been left. By the close of the first long and lation of the spot, was occasionally relieved by weary day, a temporary tent was raised, into small patches of a glittering, naked beach, while which he brought his chest, bedding, and all his
a like snow, composed of fragile coral, and frailer other chattels; and here, heavy and sick of shells ground 10 dust against the iron bulwarks heart, he spent the first night. Rising early the of the island. The other side of the island was following morning, after partaking of his lonely more hospitable, possessing a less frowning meal, he set forth to explore the island. It was coast; a good bay, and a tamer sea-shore. Inland, the first of the week, and around was more than a few acres of plain stretched away between the the stillness of that day—it was the silence of gloomy-looking hills; but even these were either the grave. No “church-going bell,” no faint
wholly barren, or scantily covered with a weak notes of a village hymn, no quiet tumult of a growth of innutritious plants, such as grass, departing congregation, came to the outcast's ferns, purslain, a few thistles, and a convolvulus. ear—the wind was asleep, the waters were at Not a shrub was there on the whole island; and peace; but in his heart there was no peace, and the only spot refreshing to the eye, wearied with he himself was alone unquiet amid surrounding so long a glance at desolation, was a tall moun- quietude. He searched in vain for some green tain called the Green Mountain, whose verdant thing which might promise him food; he then sides gave the promise, which they did not fulfil returned to his teni, and, to beguile the dull hours, in reality, of supplying something that might set about some alterations in its arrangements; support the outcast during his stay there. The he also covered it with a tarpaulin, which he spot was, on the whole, somewhat like a vast fastened down with stones, thus securing himcinder, spotted here and there indeed with green, self from rain. Towards evening, the solitude but otherwise as dry and burnt as if it had just of the beach was broken by bustling flocks of been romited from the depths of some vast vol- boobies; on approaching them, he found them cano. Yet the place was the habitation of a so tame as to permit him easily to seize several, legion of wild goats, and populous nations of which he afterwards killed, skinned, and salted, rats and mice overscampered it; and one or two laying them in the sun to dry. His eyes were