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its banks catching fire and burning like tinder. Upwards of 100,000 buffalo robes find their The mountain 'was already invaded by the de- way into the United States and Canada every vouring element, and two wings of flame spread year; and besides those killed by the Indians, out from the main stream, which, roaring along innumerable carcases left to rot untouched on the bottom with the speed of a race-horse, Kicked the trail, attest the wanton brutality of the crowds the mountain side, extending its long line as it of emigrants to California, Columbia, and elseadvanced. The dry pines and cedars hissed where. Still the numbers of these animals are and cracked as the flame, reaching them, ran up countless; and it will probably be many years their trunks, and spread amongst the limbs, before the reckless whites accomplish the seat of whilst the long waving grass underneath was a stripping the boundless prairies of their ornasea of fire. From the rapidity with which the ment and pride, and depriving the traveller of a fire advanced, I feared that it would already meal. have reached my animals, and hurried at once to the spot as fast I could run. The prairie
EMIGRATION.-CIRCULAR. itself was as yet untouched, but the surrounding In prosecuting the duties which devolve on ridges were clothed in fire, and the mules, with us, as Directors of the Philadelphia Emigrants' stretched ropes, were trembling with fear. Friend Society, we are impressed with the conThrowing the saddle on my horse, and the pack viction that the moral and religious, no less than on the steadiest mule, I quickly mounted, leaving the secular interests of emigrants ought to engage on the ground a pile of meat, which I had not our attention. The class of foreigners seeking time to carry with me. The fire had already a settlement in this country, to whom especially gained the prairie, and its long dry grass was we desire to extend our sympathy and aid, is not soon a sheet of flame; but, worse than all, the any one religious sect, but the industrious, moral gap through which I had to retreat was burning, and religious of all. We shall probably be inSetting spurs into Panchito's sides, I dashed strumental in directing hither many to whom rehim at the burning brush, and though his mane ligious privileges are even more dear than worldly and tail were singed in the attempt, he gallantly advantages, and we should violate their wishes, charged through it. Looking back, I saw the as much as neglect their true interests, were we mules huddled together on the other side, and to scatter them through our wide country, and evidently fearing to pass the blazing barrier. leave them as sheep having no shepherd. The As, however, to stop would have been fatal, I possession of religious privileges, and the unre. dashed on, but before I had proceeded twenty strained liberty to enjoy them, as every man's yards, my old hunting mule, singed and smoking, conscience may dictate, is the glory of our counwas at my side, and the others close behind her. try, and onr desire is, that our brethren from
* On all sides I was surrounded by fire. The foreign lands should, to the fullest extent, make whole scenery was illuminated, the peaks and them their own. We wish to see them as they distant ridges being as plainly visible as at noon- arrive, gathered into their respective ecclesiastiday. The bottom was a roaring mass of flame, cal folds, so that in things relating to religious byt on the other side, the prairie being more faith and observances, they may hold sweet bare of cedar-bushes, the fire was less tierce, counsel together, and walk to the house of God and presented the only way of escape. To in company. reach it, however, the creek had to be cros
ossed, Our recommendation to emigrants generally and the bushes on the banks were burning is, not to settle, on the one hand, as isolated famifiercely, which rendered it no easy matter; lies, nor on the other, to form extensive colonies ; moreover, the edges were coated above the water both these modes being, in our view, liable to with thick ice, which rendered it still more dif- objections ; but we advise them to settle in small ficult. I succeeded in pushing Panchito into companies, say of from ten to thirty families of the stream, but in attempting to climb the oppo- the same religious denomination, and thus we site bank, a blaze of fire was puffed into his wish to place them within the limits of their reface, which caused him to rear on end, and his spective churches, and commit them into the hind feet flying away from him at the same hands of Christian friends, whose fellowship moment on the ice, he fell backward into the they will claim, and on whose sympathy and aid middle of the stream, and rolled over me in the they may rely. deepest water. Panchito rose on his legs, and The greater number of these emigrants will stood trembling with affright in the middle of be agriculturists, and those tradesmen and methe stream, whilst I dived and groped for my chanics whom an agricultural community siis rifle, which had slipped from my hands, and oftains. It should be remarked also, that the seccourse sunk to the bottom. After a search of tion of country that we deem most eligible for some minutes I found it, and again mounting, foreigners is the southern part of the State of made another attempt to cross a little farther New York, the States of New Jersey, Pennsy! down, in which I succeeded, and followed by vania, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia
. liis the mules, dashed through the fire, and got probable also that cleared lands, and where price safely through the line of blazing brush.” is an object, exhausted farms, will be preferred.
With a view, therefore, to obtain the neces-, about 136,000,000, making together about sary information, we beg to make the following 156,000,000. inquiries; and we wish that every church of There are only three European states with a your denomination, within the geographical limits population more numerous: Russia, with 63 above mentioned, should consider itself individu- millions ; Austria, with 37 millions ; and France, ally addressed.
with 35 millions. But taking the whole British, 1st. Are there within your bounds, or in your Empire, it is certain that no other state in the vicinity, lands for sale, such as you can consci- world is peopled so extensively, exceptiug the entiously recommend, in all respects, to emi- Chinese; but that is doubtful, because Chinese grants ? 2d. What number of acres are there statistics are not to be depended upon. The in the same tract? 3d. What distance from the British Empire is more than double the size of usual market? 4th. What facilities of convey- all Europe, and it is more than four times as ance of produce ? 5th. What is the usual price populous as France-twice and a half as large of produce ? 6th. What is the nature of the soil as Russia; and amounts alone to as much as and sub-soil ? 7th. Is the surface level, or roll- the population of Russia, Austria, France, ing? 8th. What portion of it is cleared ? 9th. Prussia, Spain and Holland. What is the kind of timber, and is it first or The whole human race is estimated at second growth? 10th. Has the land been long 800,000,000; the British Empire at 156,000,000; under cultivation ? 11th. Has it ever been limed, so that its population comprises nearly one-fifth and how long since ? 12th. How many bushels of the human race. The population tributary of corn per acre will it produce without manure? or subject to the British people, numbers more 13th. Is it near to lime, marl, peat, or muck ? than six times its own amount.--Mass. Spy. 14th. How near to grist and saw mill, or site for one? 15th. What sum would be necessary THE NINETEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF to purchase implements and stock for a farm, say THE BIBLE ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS IN of fifty acres ?. 16th. What are mechanics'
AMERICA. wages ? farm hands ? 17th. What is the lowest Read at the Annual Meeting, held on the evening cash price of the land ? 18th. What terms of of the Fifteenth of Fourth month, 1848. credit can be obtained ? 19th. What opening is there at present for mechanical and oiher em
The Managers present the following Report ployments ?
of their proceedings during the past year: In answering these questions, it will not be There have been issued from the Depository necessary to write the questions, only 10 put the for the year ending Fourth month 1st, 1848,number before the answer. Should
4428 Bibles, 3992 Testaments, and 354 Testapared to welcome the description of emigrants ments and Psalms, of which 565 Bibles, 420 mentioned, you will materially aid the object by Testaments, and 102 Testaments and Psalms constituting your church a society auxiliary io were sold to Auxiliaries. the Philadelphia Emigrants' Friend Society
1314 Bibles, 1727 Testaments, and 105 Tesnot to contribute funds, but to act for us in the taments and Psalms have been gratuitously purchase of land, examining its title, surveying disposed of. Of this number 1020 Bibles, 1531 it , &c., and in making all the necessary arrange- Testaments
, and 50 Testaments and Psalms ments for the reception of its future occupants.
were furnished to Auxiliaries for gratuitous disYours, respectfully,
tribution, or for sale at a reduction from the list J. THOMASON,
prices, to such as might not be able to pay the R. S. CLARK,
full price. James Gowen,
From the above account, it appears there has L. HERBERT,
been an increase of issues from the Depository D. R. THOMASON,
over the previous year, of 2096 Bibles, 1232 Executive Committee.
Testaments, and 231 Testainents and Psalms. Persons wishing to obtain the services of emi
Since last Report, 2000 Reference Bibles, grants, male or female, are requested to apply, ir 2000 School Bibles, 2000 12mo. 'Testaments, by letter, post paid, at the Society's Office, 95 and 3000 24mo. Testaments have been printed. South Front Street. Office hours from 9 10 1
The stereotype plates of the Reference Bible o'clock. No charge made.
have been thoroughly repaired and corrected by a competent workman.
We have received information (since last Re
port) of the establishment of an Auxiliary, at POPULATION OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
New Garden, Indiana, and of the revival of one The inhabitants of the United Kingdom, ac- which had suspendud its operations for several cording to the returns made in 1845, numbered years past. It is very desirable that the number about 20,000,000. The colonists, subjects and of these Associations should be increased, and tributaries, in the colonies and settlements be- the Managers would again call the attention of longing to the British Empire, amount to Friends within the limits of Quarterly Meetings,
where none, have yet been formed, to the sub- , many Bibles and Testaments sent here the past ject, in the hope that efforts may be made to summer, by other Bible Societies, and sold at promote their establishment.
very low prices or given away, which has supReports have been received from sixteen plied the demand to some extent, although many Auxiliaries, viz.: Vassalborough, Maine ; Fair- prefer our books, as being neater and better field, Flushing, and Centre, Ohio ; Blue River, executed.” White Water, White Lick, New Garden, Cen- Another remarks, “ We believe much good tral, Westfield, Spiceland, Hamilton, and Spring- has arisen through our feeble endeavours to field, Indiana ; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; circulate the Holy Scriptures. In addition to Adrian, Michigan; Burlington, New Jersey; what our Auxiliary has done, we acknowledge and Salem, Iowa. Satisfactory accounts have with thankfulness the valuable donations of the also been received from several individuals, to parent Association, which have afforded ability whom the distribution and sale of Bibles and gratuitously to furnish many who were not well Testaments had been entrusted, and we hope able to furnish themselves. We feel encouraged for an increase in the number of Friends, who to continue our exertions to promote the objects may feel a willingness to promote the objects of of the Association in furnishing each member of the Association, by making inquiry in their re- our Society, who is capable of reading the Holy spective neighbourhoods, as to the wants of Scriptures, with a good and durable copy." Friends, and forwarding the result to the Ma- Another reports, “ Although our operations nagers. Where Auxiliaries cannot be formed, the past year have not been large, yet they have it may still be found desirable occasionally to probably been as useful as in any previous year. avail ourselves of the services of suitably quali- | We believe there is an increasing interest felt in fied friends, in promoting the sale and distri- assisting to furnish all our members with a copy bution of our Bibles.
of the Holy Scriptures." From the Reports of a number of the Auxili- Another informs, “ We have during the past aries which have been received, it appears that year had a committee appointed, who have made they have been diligently engaged during the inquiry and supplied each member of our repast year in ascertaining the wants of Friends ligious Society capable of reading, who was within their limits, and supplying them with destitute of a copy and unable to purchase it, so Bibles and Testaments, so far as their means far as they have been able to find (such cases;} have enabled them. One Auxiliary states in its and we think that we shall be able to keep suck Report, that though the number of Friends un- deficiency supplied as may occur during the supplied with complete copies of the Holy ensuing year.' Scriptures is not much reduced, we can recur Another Auxiliary states, that from the report to many aged Friends who have been through of the committee of correspondence and of the your benevolence supplied with good reference Female Branch, it appeared that during the past Bibles, who before had small school Bibles; year, 46 Bibles and 5 Testaments have been and many newly married Friends, as well as distributed ; in which service our Female Branch other individuals, just beginning, as it were, in has been very helpful to us. Application being this comparatively
' [uncleared] country, now made to the committee of correspondence by a nicely, and we have cause to believe, gratefully coloured first-day school for a supply of Bibles, supplied with complete copies.” Thus, while and the commitee to whom the subject was the object of the parent Association is faithfully referred believing that a donation of Bibles carried out, “ that of supplying the destitute with would be usefully appropriated, twenty-four good legible copies of the Holy Scriptures, and small Bibles were accordingly furnished, and encouraging the frequent and serious perusal of are included in the number above specified. them,” we cannot doubt that they will prove, as Although it is believed that very few, if any, they declare themselves, able to make wise unto Friends within our limits are destitute of the salvation, through faith which is in Jesus Christ, Holy Scriptures, cases are occasionally brought and that the blessing recorded in them, respect to our notice which show the propriety of coning those that seek out the cause of the poor and tinuing our organization. needy, will in proportion to their faith rest upon From the Report of one of our distant Auxilithem.
aries we extract the following: * In again pre Another Auxiliary observes, “ We hope that senting to you our Annual Report
, we feel conby means of the very liberal donation received strained to acknowledge our feelings of gratitude of you, and the patient and persevering en- to the Parent Association for its very liberal deavours of a few of our own members, all donations, by which we have been enabled to the members of our Monthly Meeting will furnish many Friends with a copy of the Holy eventually be furnished with full copies of the Seriptures, who otherwise would in all probaHoly Scriptures, and we shall be glad to do all bility not have had a copy. We also think it we can to effect the same desirable result within right to inform you, that the recipients have the limits of our Quarterly Meeting."
generally manifested a lively interest in the peAnother states, “ There have been a great I rusal of them, which has afforded us much satisa
faction, and has encouraged us to persevere in and humbly trust that you, as well as ourselves, the good work. In looking over the wide field may be enabled with divine assistance to perseof labour which has fallen to our lot since the vere therein." establishment of our Auxiliary, we feel that a
Another informs: “ We have the satisfaction very great degree of responsibility is resting of informing you, that we have still continued upon us; and in order that you may in some our labours in the cause the past year, believing degree appreciate the difficulties which we have they have been satisfactory and useful, especially to encounter in rendering our account to the to a portion of our members, who in settling Parent Association, we believe it right to inform new lands have many difficulties to encounter. you that the number of members belonging to Another Auxiliary thus concludes its Report: the two Monthly Meetings (within our limits] “ We are aware that it is but little this Associais about two thousand five hundred, and they tion can effect towards extending the circulation, are scattered over an extent of territory more of the Holy Scriptures. Our aim is not to acthan 300 miles in circumference. We have, complish great things, but in the ability afforded however, taken care that copies of the Holy to do whatsoever our hands find to do; trusting Scriptures should be distributed in many of that He whose cause we are endeavouring to these remote sections, and many have been in promote, will at times bless our feeble efforts. this inanner furnished, who could not have fur- And should the perusal of these inspired pages nished themselves. In these remote settlements be instrumental 10 cheer a few sorrowing pilFriends are generally not in circumstances to grims on their journey Zionward, to stir up the be able to purchase suitable copies of the Bible, pure mind by way of remembrance in others, or and therefore those distributed in such places, to induce one wanderer from the true fold, to are generally donations which much curtail the seek Him of whom they testify, we shall not amount which we otherwise might send you for have done the little that we have done in vain." the sale of Bibles. But notwithstanding this, We could have desired that all of the Auxiliwe believe it is the design of the Parent Associ- aries might have forwarded reports of their proation that such should be supplied, and therefore ceedings during the past year. By those rewe have furnished them accordingly. We wish ceived, and from information derived from other further to add, that we feel encouraged, notwith- sources, the Managers are encouraged to believe standing the many difficulties we have to en- that the Association continues, to a considerable counter, from the increasing interest manisested extent, to fulfil the design of jis founders, by by Friends on the subject, and the gratefulness supplying Friends with good copies of the Holy of recipients.”
Scriptures, and promoting the frequent and Another Auxiliary mentions, “ We have grate- serious perusal of them. Much yet remains to folly to acknowledge the receipt of a valuable be done, particularly in the more remote settledonation in Bibles and Testaments, many of ments, where the supply of Bibles and Testawhich have been disposed of; some by sales and ments is still quite inadequate, and the Managers some gratuitously; and we may add that it are very desirous that Friends in all parts of our afforded us satisfaction to be the instruments in widely extended country may embrace every dispensing your liberality to the needy, and suitable opportunity to promote the important, often to hear the expression of gratitude from objects of the Association. the lips of the glad recipients."
Signed on behalf and by direction of the Another Auxiliary states : “ Those reported Board of Managers. as having been gratuitously distributed, were
William BETTLE, Secretary. received by the individuals to whom they were Philadelphia, Fourth month 15th, 1848. given with feelings of lively gratitude, demon
OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION. strating the interest they felt in the gift.
“ We feel in this Auxiliary very much en- Secretary-Charles Ellis. couraged, partly by the beneficent donation of Treasurer-Benjamin H. Warder. the Parent Association (which we gratefully Corresponding Members— Thomas Kimber, acknowledge) and which has enabled us to Paul W. Newhall, Charles Yarnall. widen our sphere of action, by reducing the Managers - George Williams, Jeremiah price sufficiently low to enable many young Hacker, John Elliott, Joseph Rakestraw, John Friends in very moderate circumstances to pur- Carter, Townsend Sharpless, George G. Wilchase Bibles or Testaments for themselves, but liams, Samuel Bettle, Jr., John Lippincott, more especially because we see a more lively Theophilus E. Beesley, Horatio C. Wood, interest in the cause manifested by our elderly William Bettle, Robert Smith, Daniel B. Sınith, Friends, both in attending the meetings of the Charles Williams. Auxiliary more regularly, and imparting wise counsel and advice to the younger members, strengthening their weak hands and faltering Things right in themselves are more likely steps.
to be hindered than advanced by an injudicious • We are fully persuaded this is a good cause,' zeal in promoting them.-Dillwyn.
For Friends' Review.
welfare of those who congregated together under THE ATTEMPTED REVOLUTION IN its shade and protection. If 15,000 of her peoENGLAND.
ple did assemble together at the instigation of No little excitement prevailed in this commu- incendiary demagogues and threaten a violation nity during the last week, in consequence of of the peace, London can point with exultation the announcement of occurrences seeming to to the fact that 150,000 (ten for one,) did volunportend a great revolutionary movement in Great tarily assume the honorable position of the deBritain. The Chartist meeting in London, it fenders of her hearths and her fanes from pol. was said, was to number half a million of British lution, and her streets and thoroughfares from subjects ; parliament was to be overawed, its riot, rebellion and bloodshed. What a high doors besieged, and the constitution changed at ground has England placed herself upon, by the an liour's notice ; the government had forbidden events of Monday! What a moral lesson has these proceedings—the Queen had fled to the she exhibited to Europe and the world. We Isle of Wight—and the metropolis, bristling with are quite aware that there is much in the laws bayonets, was about 'to become the scene of and in the administration of them which needs carnage, or another Paris.
We have reason to
alteration in England. We would have the believe that these rumours greatly affected busi- hand of reform applied freely and impartially
. ness operations here; men hesitated to consign We would have the work of restoration to their property to places from which the ægis of first principles and original, intentions, proceed the law might be found to be withdrawn; bills steadily and unhesitatingly, but let this be done, could not be sold which might be present and it will be done, and is doing, by the safe, ed in the midst of universal bankruptcy ; and cautious modes which inquiry points out, and the ruin which threatened England was felt to solid judgment justifies ; not at the dictation of be too near our own doors to allow us to breathe a knowledgeless mob, inflamed by ignorant defreely. The close of the week relieved us from claimers, or interested demagogues.” “This this suspense—it did much more, it gave us the day,” said one merchant to another, has cost assurance that the tide of revolution had been London £100,000, in loss of work and busistayed—that the moral sense of a people, ainong ness.” “ It is worth a million,” was the replv, whom, with all their faults, religious influence
w in the additional confidence in the stability of still retained its place, had checked the progress our institutions which it has inspired.” li is of anarchy, and secured a refuge for constitu- stated that the British Ministers are supported tional freedom. The great Chartist 'meeting in their efforts to maintain peace and order, which was estimated by hundreds of thousands, by larger majorities in Parliament, than ever dwindled down under this influence, to 15 or before voted with any minister. The accounts 20,000 people, met together without a common from Ireland are upon the whole, pacific, object, and separating without disturbance. The although variously represented by different government had made some military prepara
writers. tions, but it was not the soldiery that rendered
The failure of this movement, upon
which the demonstration harmless. It was the settled so much reliance had been placed, is supposed conviction in the minds of the great mass, that to have given the finishing blow to Chartism, the evils under which the community suffered, and has probably prepared the way for those were to be redressed by peaceable and law reforms which many good men in England deem ful means--and the deiermination evinced by essential to the well being of society there. 150,000 citizens of London, who volunteered as a Forty members of Parliament, amongst whom constabulary force, to discountenance any attempt we notice John Bright, the Quaker member to seek a remedy other than that which the con- from Manchester, have signed a call for a meetstitution provided, that have saved England from ing in which the initiatory steps are to be taken revolution. It is stated that scarcely a soldier was for promoting a further reform in the representapermitted to be seen-merchants, bankers, trades- tion in Parliament; extension of suffrage ; more men, and all the grades of middle life, and many equal taxation, &c. of the lower ones, filled the places which were We cannot but think that there is much rea. supposed to be liable to attack, " to watch,” as son to rejoice in these movements in England; George Fox has termed it, against anarchy. the days of violence have, we trust passed by; " It was,” says the correspondent of the Na- that true civilization which is one of the fruits tional Intelligencer, “a proud day for London. of Christianity, is dawning upon the world. It It spoke in language which could not be misun- was meet that its effects should be first seen derstood, of the devotion of her citizens to the among that people who have so long enjoyed institutions of their native land—of the unwaver- the blessings of the reformed faith, and whose ing loyality of London, the very heart of the freedom has been secured by a constitution of Kingdom, to the government which the wisdom wonderful elasticity, and thus capable of adaptof by-gone times has established, and which ing itself to that social progress which is a rethe experience of succeeding ones has confirmed, sult and a characteristic of the religion which as one eminently qualified to promote the real we profess. May the morals which they teach