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primitive Friends, are the doctrines of the Gospel, the abolition of slavery and war. To combat these
tive of this subject as may fall under his notice. If
Though it is not intended that the paper shall be readers of this paper apprised of the most important devoted to any single object of discussion or enquiry, discoveries, as far as they would be interesting to yet there are some great moral questions, in the ex- the general reader. amination of which, Friends have taken a leading Although the Editor has no intention of mixing, in and prominent part. To subjects of that character, any degree, in the political movements of our counthe columns of this paper will be freely opened. try, yet a brief notice of the events of the day, such Among the evils which disgrace our age and nation, at least as involve some general interest, will conand retard the progress of civilization, there are none stitute a part of his plan. Legislative enactments, of greater magnitude than the twin progeny of bar- or judicial decisions of the General or State Governbarous ages, slavery and war. The Editor is aware ments and Courts, when they affect the great interthat on the former of these subjects no inconsiderable ests of the community, will be brought into the view excitement prevails; that much diversity of opinion of his readers; more especially if they have an obappears among the advocates of freedom, as to the vious connection with religion or morals. mode by which the acknowledged evils of slavery As the object of the paper is to diffuse useful and may be most quickly and effectually redressed; and correct information, and to promote virtue and hapthat this diversity has led to discussions in which piness both in civil and religious society, original the zeal of the combatants is sometimes more con- essays, or judicious selections, are respectfully sospicuous than their charity: yet this does not in his licited. But it is to be distinctly understood, that it mind furnish a satisfactory reason why the subject is no part of the design of the Editor to subserve any should be excluded from his
local or party purposes, or to engage in doubtful or There are probably sew if any professors of the controversial discussions, and that he of course must Christian religion, who will presume to deny that the be at liberty to judge and decide upon the fitness for
be offered. time so beautifully and graphically described by the insertion of all contributions which evangelical prophet, will eventually arrive, when
Enoch LEWIS. nation shall not lift up sword against nation, or the
Philadelphia, 9th mo. 1st, 1847. people learn war any more; and we need but little reflection to perceive, that when that happy day shall The great comprehensive truths, says President come, slavery as well as war, must be unknown. Quincy, written in letters of living light on every The spirit of the Gospel furnishes a remedy for both; page of our history, are these : Human happiness and there is no reason to believe that these evils can has no perfect security but free om; freedom, be completely eradicated by any other influence. none but virtue; virtue, none but knowledge; and The injunction of the Apostle, to overcome evil neither freedom nor knowledge has any vigor or with good, indicates at once the easiest and most ef | immortal hope, except in the principles of the fectual mode that was ever proposed, and is proba- Christian faith, and in the sanctions of the Christian bly in no case more important than in our efforts for
Memoir of the Life of Elizabeth Fry, with apologist, and her father's family had been
Extracts from her Journal and Letters. Ed- members of the Society of Friends almost since ited by two of her drughters. In two volumes. its first appearance, nearly two hundred years Philadelphia. J. W. Moore, 193 Chestnut ago. She was thus a birthright member; in å Street. 1847.
situation, however, but little likely to choose When the eminently good, as well as gifted, the simplicity, and embrace the self-denying die, it is no less laudable than natural to en- principles of those of the Society, who consist quire into the history of their lives, and ac-ently adhere to the views of its founder, and quaint ourselves with the position in which they aithfully maintain its testimonies. John Gurwere placed by divine providence—the manner ney was wealthy: his pursuits led to an extensive in which they improved that position, and by
• intercourse with persons of various denominawhat means they became useful, and as shining tions," among whom his high standing, his courlights to others in their generation. History is tesy and popular manners, made hiin ever welsaid to be philosophy teaching by example: and come. His family lightiy floated in the indulif this be true in the general, more obviously is gencies of fashionable life, as well as its accomit so in reference to individuals. We have, in plishments, and-particularly after the death of the record of their lives, an illustration imme- his wife in 1792—there appears to have been diately before us, of the principles by which little or no restraint among them of a religious they were actuated; and as “ the tree is known character. by its fruit,” we are enabled pretty accurately In some memoranda of her early life, Elizato estimate the value of those principles by their beth says, “I had, as well as a fearful, rather a results, and are thus incited to endeavour to reserved mind, for I never remember telling of follow them, as they have followed their Lord my many painful fears, though I must often and Saviour.
have shown them by weeping, when left in the Since the death of John Howard, in 1790, dark, and on other occasions : this reserve made many have shown how thoroughly their hearts me little understood and thought very little of, were imbued with the spirit of that anthem except by my mother and one or two others. which breathed “good will toward men,” and was considered and called very stupid and obhave laboured diligently and effectually, in the stinate. I remember having a poor, not to say, discharge of high philanthropic duties; but no low, opinion of myself, and used to think that one, we believe, in the last half century, has I was so very inferior to my sisters Catherine occupied so large a space in the public mind, and Rachel.” Her natural affections were as respects her widely extended, indefatigable strong, almost, as she expresses it,“ overwhelmand successful efforts for the melioration of the ingly so," and a certain nervous irritability, condition of the poor, the destitute, the vicious, probably induced by indiscreet treatment when and the imprisoned, as Elizabeth Fry, the sub- a child, followed her for many years, and was ject of this memoir; and it is the writer's inten- the source of much real suffering. Her regular tion to make some extracts, and occasionally Journal commences in the first month of 1797, some remarks of his own, which shall enable the previous memoranda having been destroyed the readers of Friends' Review, who may not by herself. We are particularly struck--though find it convenient to purchase the work, to com- perhaps not greatly edified-by the simplicity prehend, in some degree, the character and ex- and artlessness of many of her entries. She does iraordinary career, of this great British philan- not at all appear at this time to have had a disthropist.
tinct view of the spirituality of religion, or to That persons who read the memoir, may not have suspected her inability, at any time she labour under an erroneous impression, it may be chose, to reform and regulate her own heart. She well to premise that the Editors are not mem- evidently had but a very faint view of her natubers of the religious Society of Friends. We ral deprarity, and could seldom have realized infer, therefore, that they were not so thoroughly the force of our Saviour's declaration, “without competent to enter into, and sympathize with me, ye can do nothing.” She had read few, if the religious exercises of their mother, as they indeed she had read any, of our ancient Friends' might have been, had they united with her more writings, and was but slightly acquainted with entirely in sentiment, and laboured with her in the history of our religious Society. There can the same household of faith, walking by the be no doubt, however, that the visitations of disame rule, and minding the same thing. This vine love and mercy were extended to her from will explain to the reader some matters which childhood ; but her situation, as we can readily he will meet with in the volume before us. understand, was particularly unfavourable to an
Elizabeth Fry was the third daughter, and attention to the whisperings of the still, small one of twelve children of John and Catharine voice—my daughter give me thine heart--this Gurney of Earlham, in Norwich, where she was is the way, walk in it. In the latter part of born, on the 21st of 5th month, 1780. Her 1797, she says, “a thought passed my mind, mother was a descendant of Robert Barclay the that if I had some religion I should be superior
to what I am; it would be a bias to better ac- ment to go up to London on a visit, was, that tions. I think I am by degrees losing many ex- she might see him, and "all those plain Quacellent qualities. I am more cross, more proud, kers.” Yet her mind, as she says, was in a more vain, more extravagant. I lay it to my “whirl,” and so entirely does she appear to great love of gaiety, and the world.” Soon have yielded herself to the pleasures of the meafterward she says, “what a comfort must a real tropolis-introduced as she was into the gayest faith in religion be in the hour of death ; to circles—that it could only have been through have a firm belief of entering into everlasting the long-suffering mercy of her beneficent joy.” To reflections similar to these it is evi- Creator, that she was not irrecoverably lost in dent the mind of Elizabeth Fry, had, for a con- folly! He did not leave her to herself. She siderable time past, not been a stranger, and could not flee from his presence; his good Spirit when William Savery attended their meeting followed her, and on the 17th of 3d mo., after at Norwich, on the 4th of 2nd mo. 1798, his having a few days before again heard William sermon made a deep impression on her mind. Savery preach, she expresses her thankfulness to George Fox declares in his journal, that he was the Divine being, for “ having sent at least a “ sent to turn people from darkness to light, glimmering of light” into her heart, and acknowthat they might receive Christ Jesus, and to turn ledges that she feels “there is a God, and Imthem to the grace of God, and to the truth in mortality.” The round of dissipation was the heart, which came by Jesus, that by this nevertheless kept up in London, until she regrace they might be taught, which would bring turned home with her father on the 16th of 4th them salvation.” And it evidently was with month. Thirty years afterwards, speaking of humiliating truths of this character, that the this visit, she says, “it was like the casting die subject of our memoir had at this period need of my life.” She appears to have been filled to to be more thoroughly acquainted.
satiety with her indulgences; she knew they It may not be inappropriate here to state our were wrong, and only“tended to promote evil, conviction, that it was for the reviving and and her judgment became much “confirmed in spreading abroad of these and other great doc- the infinite importance of Religion, as the only trinal truths, teaching always that “the grace real stay, guide, help and comfort in this life.” of God, which bringeth salvation, hath appeared Soon alter she returned home, she received an to all men,” that the Society of Friends were encouraging letter from W. Savery, which we raised up to be a people. We regard it as a regret not to have room to insert. He tells her special providence. We do not by any means how « cordial” he had felt towards her, and that believe, nor can we for a moment admit, that his heart had leaped with joy to find her willing the origin of Quakerism is attributable to the to acknowledge a state of hunger and thirst circumstances of a “juncture," or to a particu- after righteousness, and reminds her of the enlar state of public feeling, as is intimated in joyment there is under the perfect law of liberty some remarks of the editors on the 38th page --the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus, of the first volume. *
which sets the soul free from the law of sin and Subsequently to this visit of William Savery, death. Uneasiness with the course she was purE. Fry was increasingly desirous to enjoy the suing increased; one little intimation of duty society of consistent Friends; and one induce- after another was given, and she found she could
not participate as she formerly did in the prac* It not unfrequently happens that great events are tices of the family circle. This was a sore trial brought about by means which are apparently trivial and to her; as it was also to her father and brothers unimportant, ad that the efficacy of those means seems to depend upon the circumstances of the time and and sisters, to whom she was ardently attached. place. Hence, to those who look no deeper than second- In the summer of 1798, their father took a ary causes, many inomentous changes in civil and re journey into Wales and the south of England liginus society appear to be the result of the circum- 'with his seven daughters. It was greatly enstances existing at the time. ber that the wisdom which designs the end, prepares of which she was so sensible at home, and at
But we ought to remem- joyed by the party, and the religious impressions also the means, and controls the circumstances. the people of Israel were to be led out of Egypt, a Moses times even in London, followed Elizabeth in her was preserved from the jaws of the crocodile and the carriage and in her walks—at her down lying sworil of Pharaoh to be their leader. When the re- and her uprising. At Colebrook Dale, in comformation was about to be effected, a Huss, a Jerome of Prague, a Luther, a Melanethon and a Calvin were raised pany with her “dear friend Richard Reynolds,” and a Frederick the wise was placed in authority. And they visited Deborah Darby and Rebecca Young, when the pure doctrines of the gospel were to be afresh whose el services in this country, many proclaimed to the nations, George Fox and his coadju. are still living to remember. “We had spent,” tors were called and qualified for the momentous work says she, “ a delightful evening, when my heart of their day. When these men were sent to scatter the began to feel itself silenced before God, and seed of the kingdom, they were commissioned to spread without looking at others, I found myself under it on a soil already prepared to receive it. The circumstances, the instruments, and the end were unquestionably the shadow of his wing, and I soon discovered under the control of the one great directing Power. -Ed. Ithat the rest were in the same state. After sit
ting a time in awful silence, Rebecca Young Friends' meeting house at Norwich, to Joseph spoke most beautifully; she touched my heart, Fry; soon after which event they settled at St. and I felt melted and bowed before my Creator.” Mildred's Court, the place of his business, in the After her return home, she resumed her usual city of London. She was thus thrown much habits of visiting and relieving the poor, and more into the company of plain, consistent especially the sick, reading the Bible to them, Friends, than she had hitherto been, and only and instructing their children. She had some-one week after the young married pair had artime before commenced a school with one little rived at their home, George Dillwyn became boy, and it had gradually increased until she had their guest. The poor continued to claim her upwards of seventy children, whom she managed attention—she met with and became considerwithout assistance; thus initiating herself into ably interested in Joseph Lancaster, and exthe duties, and disciplining her mind for those pressed “a wish that the young man might be services of a similar kind, in which, in after life, preserved in humility." Passing through vashe bore so conspicuous a part.
Sore conflicts rious trials, and close provings of her faith, she were passed through about this time when in seems earnestly to have craved an increase of it, the 19th year of her age. She felt the incum- and that she might continually be watched over bent necessity of walking in a much narrower for good by the unslumbering and compassionate path than those did who were around her in shepherd of the sheep. The Yearly Meeting in her father's house. She was reluctant, by with- 1805, she says, “was very interesting to me. I drawing from a participation in their pleasures, felt a good deal about it. In the first place, I am to make them uncomfortable, and lay a restraint struck afresh with the beauty of our principles ; upon what they had been educated to regard as but so am I also, with the great want of simplicity innocent amusements. She had none to sympa
and integrity in us who profess them. thise with her in these, to her, matters of high The dread I had over me in Plaistow Meeting moment-none to encourage her in the right of saying something, impressed me in most of the way of the Lord, or that could at all understand meetings; I had such clear ideas in some of them; her feelings and her scruples :-indeed, she did but I did not believe it necessary for my salvanot herself understand them ;--they were a tion to do it, and I believe hardly any motive mystery to her, and she truly felt that she was short of that, could induce me;" "She seems to led in a way which she knew not. On one oc- have been really desirous not to go before she casion, after having declined an invitation from was sent, and to guard against being warmed by one of her brothers to join him in what she be- a fire of her own kindling. “There is one, lieved wrong, she writes, “ Have mercy, oh says she, “ who knows my heart, and its great God! have mercy upon me, and let me act
To Him then I look, even to Him who rightly, I humbly pray thee!" The Lord was
has borne our infirmities. Teach me thy way; evidently calling for her will ; but how slowly lead me in the paths of righteousness for thy did she resign it though he would doubtless, as name's sake; give me strength in weakness, if Thomas Story beautifully expresses, in refer- thou seest meet, O Lord, that I may overcome ence to himself, “ have returned her his
own, in token of his love."
Having been appointed by the Monthly MeetShe attended what is called the general meet- ing of Grace Church street, a visiter to the ing at Ackworth school in the 8th month, 1799, school and workhouse," belonging to Friends, at and took part in the examination of the chil- Islington, she could not but feel that it would dren in their various exercises. Here she met open the way to services altogether congenial to with Thomas Scattergood and Elizabeth Cogge- her long cherished habits and tastes. At one of shall, and felt some encouragement from the her visits-perhaps the first—she proposed readnotice they took of her. Thomas mentioned ing to the children a little pamphlet which had the great love he felt for her, “which made it lately come out, by Frederick Smith ; they appear to me,” says she, “ as if there was a were deeply interested, and after it was finished, sympathy of soul, and we both were guided by "I endeavoured,” she says, “ to weigh whether the same spirit.” She was often contrited I really had anything to say to them or not. I under a sense of the unmerited goodness of her thought that I had, and therefore took up the Heavenly Father, and a conviction of her many book, as if to explain it, making my own remarks, deficiencies. She was not without a prospect, which appeared to affect the children and the at seasons, of being called upon at some future governess, so that those who were on the point day, if faithful to the manifestations of duty, of tears really wept.” And "Oh!” she further publicly to advocate the cause of her Redeemer, remarks, in reference to this circumstance, “that and invite others to come and witness a qualifi- in anything like a religious duty, I may never cation, through the sanctifying influences of the go beyond the right guide, nor ever give self the Holy Spirit, to partake of the good things which praise.” the Lord bath in store for them that love him. The cares of a rapidly increasing family
In the 8th month, 1800, she was married in pressed upon Elizabeth Fry, and the high re
sponsibilities of the wife, the mother, and the ripening on her mind, “ for the last few weeks, mistress were keenly felt and acknowledged. and even months. I had so often had to rejoice She endeavoured to discharge them as one who in the Lord, and glory in the God of my
salvamust give an account, desiring that to every one tion, that it made me desire that others might she might do as she would be done unto. partake, and know how good he had been to my
In the autumn of 1808, death was permitted soul, and to encourage them to walk in those to visit her household. Her father-in-law, Wm. paths I had found to be paths of pleasantness and Storrs Fry, died at St. Mildred's Court, where peace. However, after a solemn waiting at the she had been privileged to nurse him assiduously grave my dear uncle Joseph spoke, greatly to my through an illness of some weeks. During this encouragement and comfort, and I believe remoperiod she appears to have been strongly con. val of some of my fears. I remained still, till firmed in the belief, that it is only through the dearest John”—her brother-began to move to redeeming power of Christ we can look for sal- go away, when it appeared as if it could not be vation." "I believe it is through Christ we are omitted, and I fell on my knees and began, not saved,” she remarks, “but I would not have that knowing how I should go on, with these words: lessen our diligence to work out our own salva- Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God tion.” After the decease of her father-in-law, Almighty ; just and true are all thy ways, thou they removed to Plashet, his former residence, king of saints ; be pleased to receive our thankssome miles from London. Here she enjoyed the giving;”, and there I seemed stopped, though I calm tranquillity of the country, both on her own thought I should have had to express that I gave account and that of her children. ller garden thanks on my beloved father's account. But not and her flowers made it to her, so far as out
feeling the power to continue, I arose directly ; a ward circumstances could do so, “a time of quiet, calm, and invigorated state, mental and sunshine.” The editors of the memoir bodily, was my portion afterwards, and altogether
say, “ IIer brow would relax, and her countenance a sweet day, but a very painful night, discouraged beam with intelligence, as she explained to her on every side, I could believe, by him who tries children the wonders of the heavenly bodies, to deceive.” the structure of an insect, or the growth and Subsequently to this period, she frequently apbeauty of a flower.” It is instructive to follow, peared in the ministry, though occasionally in the volume before us, the oft-recurring pros- under great discouragement, fearing that she pect she had of being one day called to take part might not properly exemplify in her daily walk in the ministry of the gospel of our Lord and the doctrines which she preached. At other Saviour Jesus Christ, and to notice the manner times she was mercifully permitted to feel her in which she flinched from it, and put it by at “cup to run over, such sweetness covered her particular times, without pausing solemnly to mind." Thus endeavoring to walk by faith, make the inquiry, whether or not she was really and not by sight, and being particularly solicitrequired to open her mouth in testifying to the ous that no apprehension of duty out of her truth.
family might lead her “in any degree to forget Near the end of 10th mo., 1809, her father or neglect home duties,” she so engaged the died. In the last days of his life, it is said that sympathy and unity of her Monthly Meeting, "he wrestled with God in prayer, and grace and that, in 1811, in the 31st year of her age, she help were given him.” “On entering his room
was officially acknowledged as a minister. “This soon after it was over, my soul,” says Elizabeth, mark of their unity,” she writes, “ is sweet, and “ was bowed within me in love, not only for the I think strengthening, and I believe will have deceased, but also for the living, and in humble advantages, as well as trials attending it.” thankfulness, so that I could hardly help utter
Having reached this important epoch in the ing, which I did, my thanksgiving and praise, life of Elizabeth Fry; and being sensible that and also what I felt for the living, as well as the we have already occupied more than our share dead. I cannot understand it, but the power of space, we lay down the volume for the pregiven was wonderful to myself.” The funeral sent. We cannot, however, do so without givtook place on the 3d of 11th month. We have ing expression to a serious doubt which we enan exceedingly interesting account of her exer- tertain of the propriety of the publication of cises that day, which is too long to quote entire. some of the entries in the Journal. We allude She was
so impressed at times with love to all. to those which give somewhat in detail an acand thanksgiving,” that she doubted wiether it count of the dissipating pleasures in which the might not possibly be her place to express it subject of our memoir indulged in early life. there, though she did the evening before, hum- We should have much preferred they had been bly crave not to be permitted to do so, unless passed over in general terms. They ought not rightly called to it." She "most feared lest it to have, yet we fear they may have, an injurious was a temptation owing to” her "state of sorrow.” effect upon our youth who are unwilling to But she fülly believed that was not the case, as bend their necks to the yoke of Christ, and who something of the kind had been more and more are but too apt to plead the example of such a