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and still, seeing you so poorly, I did not know old, which at the time he was not, he would how to do it; for I'm afraid it will furry you rather be a freeman than a slave.
Though it was then evening, and the resi“ Speak, speak, Cecil! What has happened dence of the master was several miles distant, to the child ?"
he was not free to let the case pass unnoticed. “Oh nothing, sir; but all yesterday he was His companions not fully entering into his feelvery dull and heavy, and would not eat: his ings on the subject, he set out accompanied by father watched him all night, and early this a young man who kindly volunteered his sermorning brought the doctor to see him, and he vices, and rode to the house where the slave says the child has got the small-pux; and when was held. Upon conversing with the master, 1 asked him if he could not be removed to he readily prevailed upon him to emancipate another house, he said it would risk the boy's his old negro in case he should desire it. The life to do so. However, I'm sure I don't know slave was accordingly brought in, and informed what we 're to do; for we could not endanger that his master had agreed to release him from Madame Perier and her darling children for the servitude, and that he was from that moment a sake of a beggar's brat.”
free man. As soon as the old man was made to Pascal thought, for a moment. “No, Cecil,” comprehend his new situation, he gave vent to he said, “ their health must not be risked, nor the most rapturous indications of joy. He deshall poor little George be removed. I will go clared that he had expected to die a slave, but to my sister's; I know her rooms are all occu- now, said he, I am free. This seemed to him pied, but I am sure she will spare a small one, like the summum bonum of happiness. Our good enough for me during the short time I shall friend inquired of him if he had not a good want it."
master, and whether his wants were not fully Madame Perier soon came, and the arrange- supplied. These questions he readily answered ment was made according to his wishes. After in the affirmative. What, then, he was asked, providing amply for the comfort of the sick boy would he do, now he was free? After a little and his father, he left his quiet house and airy pause he answered, “ Master will want work apartment, never to return thither again. With done yet, and I will stay and work for him.” much pain, and suffering greatly from exhaustion, If any of our southern brethren, who insist that he was borne to his sister's house. There, on the the emancipation of their slaves would necessa19th of August, 1662, at the age of thirty-nine rily lead to a war of races, which must termiyears, the gentle and holy spirit of Blaise Pascal nate in the extirpation of one of them, had been returned to Him who gave it, leaving to the present to witness this scene, we should suppose world a name which will live as the representa- they must have been convinced that in this tive of splendid talents, united to self-denying case at least, the life of the quondam master was benevolence and ardent piety.
in no great danger from his manumitted slave.
For Friends' Review.
AN OLD SLAVE SET FREE.
PRACTICAL HINTS TO BUSINESS MEN. Among the Friends who were zealously en- ACQUISITIVENESS.—Nothing is more common gaged, eighty or ninety years ago, in labouring in the mercantile experience of this country to prevail upon their fellow professors to eman-than for men to start in life poor, but, overcipate their slaves, Isaac Jackson, of New Gar- coming all obstacles, to rise into high credit and den, Pa., was one who devoted no inconsiderable affluence. It is unhappily quite common, also, share of his time and talents to this righteous for the same men, when arrived at this elevacause. When on a visit, at some distance from tion, to put every thing at hazard in the hope of home, in company with some others who were more rapid gains, and, missing their object, to united in the service, to Friends who had not lose all. Strange that men should do so, the abandoned the practice, he was informed of spectators say, and yet if they ever reach the one who held a single slave, about seventy same point of elevation they will very likely years of age, who was kindly treated, and suffi- pursue the same course. It is not very strange, ciently furnished with the necessaries of life. perhaps, in such a community as this, that it Under these circumstances it was supposed the should be so. Our merchants are pressed so slave would hardly wish to be free; and it might severely with business that they have time for even be questioned whether, at his time of life, little else. Their thoughts are engrossed conhis eedom would not be an injury rather than stantly with business and its gains, and in this a favour. But Isaac Jackson, adopting the way the desire of acquisition, which is implanted Christian principle, to judge of the feelings of in every bosom for useful purposes, is nourished another by considering what his own would be, into a passion, and breaks away from reason. in case he was himself the slave, was not long for its improper action there is always at hand in coming to the conclusion, that even if he was a ready gratification. Besides, a man who has
by steady application obtained property and to his desires from the outset of his acquisitions. credit, gets to feel as if it would always be so Not by fixing a definite sum, perhaps, beyond with him. He comes to think more of his own which he will not accumulate, but so far at least sagacity and less of his steady plodding than he as not to allow the fact that he has reached the ought; and, having more credit, and perhaps point to which he first aimed, to be merely a more money, than his present business requires, new starting point for new plans much larger spreads out his plans in a disproportionate en- than the first. Then dwell much upon the inlargement. Men so situated do not really ex- estimable value of peace of mind. Think how pect to be materially happier or better for the dearly millions are earned at the expense of large increase of wealth which they strive for. anxious days and restless nights. Think how It is the passion for acquisition which urges them short life is; too short for its days to be eaten on. Some may indeed hope to set up a carriage out by useless distress. Put in practice the, and enter the fashionable world, and so become adage, “keep what you've got,” and only act the slaves of postillions and the bon ton. But upon the other part of it, “get what you can in general it is acquisition which fills and con- in a way consistent with the first. Give away trols the mind. În sober seriousness, men all money freely if you are prosperous. This may know that they want but little here below, nor not cure the passion of acquisitiveness, but it want that little long. They know that such an will counteract and tame it, and if done in true amount of property as makes them easy in their benevolence will be a source of more true hapaffairs, and leaves them to labor steadily for the piness than wealth can buy in any other way, maintenance of their families and the perform- Consider that, in truth, the surest way of ance of other duties, is enough, and that more arriving at great wealth is never to be in a hurwill but increase care and perplexity, without ry. Set it down as a fixed principle, that you any compensating enjoyment. If their thoughts will never depart from your regular business are accustomed to reach on to the end of life unless it be by the mere use of surplus funds. and beyond it, and to cherish the feeling that Study the book of the Proverbs of Solomon until some heart-work is to be done by way of prepa- your mind is full of those old truths; truths ration for the future, they confess to themselves which live in constant youth and beauty, though that more property would rather be a hindrance they be six thousand years old. Go fully into than a help in that matter. Yet they love to the considerations drawn from morality and remake money. One says, I wish I had five hun-ligion, and you may find more powerful motives dred thousand dollars. What would you do than any we have presented.-N. Y. Journal with it? No matter; I should like to have it. of Commerce.
Most men believe that the possession of some property is very desirable as a means of rational enjoyment and usefulness. They would think that the first thousand dollars which a man At a meeting of the Wesleyan Missionary should acquire would be worth more to him Society, the Rev. R. Young, of Truro, mentioned than the next two thousand; and that all his a very remarkable fact that had taken place in additional gains sink proportionably in value. Cornwall :Some would run along by this rule until they “Two men were working together in a mine, would at no distant point pass by the summit of and having prepared to blast the rock, and laid increase, and count further gain nothing but loss. the train, the latter became by accident lighted. It is, any hów, a remarkable fact, staring us all In a few minutes a tremendous explosion they in the face continually, that very rich men are knew was inevitable, and the rock must be rent seldom reputed happy; though others will con- in a thousand pieces. On perceiving their dantinue to think if they could gain the wealth they ger, they both leaped into the bucket, and called would contrive to avoid the anxiety.
to the man on the surface to draw them up. He How shall business men protect themselves endeavoured to do so, but his arm was found too from the danger we are considering ? Certainly, feeble to raise the bucket while both the men it is a great danger. The danger is evidently were in it. What was to be done? The burnnot to be avoided by simple reliance upon one's ing fuse, which could not be extinguished, was own superior wisdom and prudence. It is now within a few feet of the powder; a moment among those who have been longest in the exer- or two and the explosion must take place. At cise of prudence that the most conspicuous ex- this awful crisis, one of the men, addressing the amples of imprudence are to be found. other, said, "You shall live, and I will die; for
If we may be allowed to suggest remedies for you are an impenitent sinner, and if you now so great a danger, we would say that in the first die, your soul will be lost; but if I die, I know place every business man should feel that he is that, by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, I in danger. Then he should cultivate other shall be taken to himself. And so saying, faculties besides that of acquisitiveness. That without waiting for a reply, he leaped out of will cultivate itself. Then he should set bounds the bucket, and prayerfully waited the result.
A NOBLE CHRISTIAN MINER.
On the other reaching the surface he bent over
Selected for Friends' Review. the shaft to ascertain the fate of his companion.
THE CONTRAST. At that moment a terrific explosion was heard; See you this picture? Such the once bright look a portion of the rock was thrown up and smote
Of that worn aged woman, bending low him on the forehead, leaving an indelible mark O'er the large pages of that Holiest Book, to remind him of his danger and deliverance. With dull fixed eye, and pale lips moving slow, But the man of God, when they came to search What earnest find you in that ruined shrine for him, was found arched over by the fragments
Of weary, wasted, poor humanity, of broken rock in the mine, uninjured and re- Of the full loveliness, so like divine, joicing in the Lord! This magnanimous miner
Of form and face, she wore in days gone by ? exhibited in this act an amount of disinterested Is this the figure wrought in truest mould, love and charity which has seldom been equalled, Whose natural graces owned such power to move ? and is never found but in connexion with the Is this the brow—the glance—whose mirror told love of Christ. Here is none of that unholy
Nought dwelt within, but joy, and truth, and love ? daring of which we see instances among the And more than all, is this the mind that drew heroes of Greece and Rome, who, actuated solely Thought, feeling, fancy, from the meanest thing? by a love of notoriety, inflicted upon themselves. And its own mystery of enchantment threw tortures, and even death; but that
O’er other hearts, till echoed every string?
pure charity which, at all hazards, even at the sacri- This is strange contrast—but how such things are fice of life itself, seeks to save the immortal soul Bewilder not thy watchful, wondering heart; of man.” -S. S. Journal.
For. I will show thee contrast deeper far
And more enduring-yet thou wilt not start.
Amid the spirits of departed worth, A Boy carried over Niagara Falls.-The fol- Who now, in sainted glory listed high, lowing melancholy occurrence, which took Look down upon the busy scenes of earth
From their effulgent chambers in the sky, place at Niagara Falls on Sunday last, is the only incident of the kind that has been reported Methinks, already throned in light I see since the region around the falls has been set
That feeble matron's soul to heaven upborne, tled. It is told by the Rochester Advertiser :
A floating seraph, blessed, pure, and free-
A golden cloud upon a summer's morn! We learn from Col. John Fisk that a melancholy accident occurred at Niagara Falls on And even when dazzling in her life's best hour, Sunday last. A fine lad of the name of John
Bloom on her cheek, and beauty on her brow,
Oh! was she not a weak and worthless flower Murphy, aged about thirteen years, in the em
Compared with all she is in glory now? ploy of Judge Porter, in crossing to Chippewa in a canoe, was drawn into the rapids on the That form so peerless once, was but of clay; Canada side, and into the great Horse Shoe
That heart, tho' warm, was mortal in its feeling;
But radiant now in Heaven's eternal day, Fall. When he was first discovered, he was
Each moment, as it flies, is aye revealing beyond the reach of all earthly assistance. The youth did all that his courage and strength More and more clear, the spirit's perfect mind ;
Whose holy eye our noblest darings here could do, holding his slight canoe for near
Views but in sorrow and compassion kind, ly twenty minutes almost stationary, and when
And o’er their stain lets fall an angel's tear! tired nature gave up contending any longer, with the wind and tide both against him, Oh endless mystery of Almighty power !
That from the acorn rears the giant tree, the little fellow plunged overboard, and, with And grants to Faith, for a triumphant dower, the courage and perseverance of a man, for some The crown that never fades—of Immortality. time breasted the current. But alas, too late! though within one hundred yards of the shore,
« THE CHURCH." he was in the embrace of the rushing cataract, which never releases its victims!
“ His church is universal love,
And whoso dwells therein The broken fragments of the frail bark were
Shall need no custom'd sacrifice all that were found of the little mariner. A
To wash away his sin; widowed mother and three children mourn the And music in its Isles shall dwell loss of a son and brother, and many strangers
Of lives upright and true, lament the fate of a noble and excellent boy.
Sweet as dreamed sounds of angel harps Farmer and Mechanic.
Down quivering through the blue. “ They shall not ask a Litany,
The souls that worship there,
But every look shall be a Hymn, It was a good play upon words by which a And every word a prayer. lazy, unpunctual man, was greeted on his hap- Their service shall be written bright
In calm and holy eyes, pening to be early at an appointed meeting one
And every day from fragrant hearts day : Why, you are first at last ; you have
Fit incense shall arise.” always been behind before !”—Penny Mag.
BE IN TIME.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
For Friends' Review.
is become of that dazzling star, surpassing Venus Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum,
in brightness, which shone out all at once in
1572, and determined Tycho Brahe to become No. 50 North Fourth Street, corner of Appletree Alley, an astronomer ?* It retained its brightness about PHILADELPHIA.
three weeks, then gradually faded, and at the Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six end of fifteen months was wholly invisible. copies for ten dollars. This paper is subject to newspaper postage only.
Several stars in the catalogues of Hipparchus,
gone and left no trace.”
In the beginning of 1804, William Allen un(Continued from page 52.)
dertook, on the invitation of Humphrey Davy About the beginning of 1803, we find William and others, to take part in a course of lectures at Allen, notwithstanding his engagements as a pub- the Royal Institution. His performance of the lic lecturer, taking an active part in promoting duty assigned to him in this İnstitution, obtained an institution for vaccine innoculation. The the approbation of those among his auditors who wonderful discovery of Dr. Jenner, which at were most competent to judge of their merit. that time attracted the attention of the medical On this subject he remarks: “ I hope I have world, and encouraged a hope that one of the been hitherto favoured to conduct myself consisworst maladies of our race might by its means tently in my public situation at the Royal Instibe banished from the earth, could not escape so tution. May I be preserved, and never give up active a philanthropist as he was; and upon my principles for the empty applause of the the formation of the association for extending the world, which, in a trying hour, will yield no supbenefits of this momentous discovery, his name port." was enrolled on the board of
The solicitude of William Allen to render his Near the same time, he was placed in the public engagements subservient to the advancepresidential chair at Guy's Hospital, and upon ment of his auditors in virtue, as well as in scitaking his seat there, was favoured, he says, ence, is manifest from the subsequent remarks to keep his place as a member of our Society, which he addressed to the medical students, at for which he felt thankful ; gratefully acknow- the close of a course of lectures at Guy's Hospital. ledging the superiority of one beam of the Divine “ Several of you having now finished the countenance over the smiles and applause of the course of your studies in this place, are about to world.
enter upon the wide theatre of this world. HavIn this part of his diary, we find him assisting ing carefully studied the nature of our frame, you the labours of the Jennerian Society; successfully have undertaken to soften the miseries to which exhibiting, at Guy's Hospital, the astonishing it is liable. May you, though in an inferior effects of galvanism ; ranging the fields upon bo- degree, endeavour to imitate the great example tanical excursions ; and yet making his temporal and scientific pursuits give way to his religious
* From this expression we should suppose that Tycho engagements; putting off his lecture to attend Brahe was first induced to become an astronomer Quarterly meeting ; and manifesting a mind no by the appearance of this remarkable star: but that
His attention was turned to the subless ardent in the pursuit of spiritual, than natural ject by an eclipse of the sun in 1560, which appeared truth.
nearly as it had been predicted. Young Tycho, astonOn closing a course of lectures at the hospital, ished at the coincidence of the phenomenon with the the last of which was on the subject of Astro- prediction, became, from that time, an ardent admirer nomy, he remarks: “I showed that the sustain-caught by the dreams of the alchemists, he divided his
and cultivator of astronomy. But being afterwards ing hand of God is still necessary, and the pre- attention between the examination of the heavens and sent order and harmony which He has enabled the labours of the crucible. In 1572, the appearus to understand and admire, are wholly depen- ance of a star, not previously observed, determined him dant upon his will; its duration is one of the metals into gold, and direct his undivided energies to
to abandon the futile attempt to transmute the baser unsearchable measures of his Providence. What the cultivation of astronomy.
of Him who went about doing good, healing all be known, are puffed up with imaginary consemanner of diseases. In a world so full of wo, quence, and deserve our pity. to a noble and generous mind, the opportunity “ We see that in the works of nature there is of soothing the brow of care, and drying up the ample scope for the exercise of our rational tear of sorrow, are the most gratifying offices faculties ; and limited as these faculties are, they which it is called upon to fulfil. Upon you will are strengthened by use, and worthily employed the anxious eye of the maternal head of a family when we endeavour to acquaint ourselves with be fixed, in all the anguish of grief, while the as much of the wonders of creation as its Author support of herself, and helpless infants, is stretch- has permitted us to comprehend. As we proed upon ihe bed of languishing; and if poverty ceed, new discoveries reward our search, the be added to her affliction, I trust you will rise sources of intellectual enjoyment pour an increasnobly superior to sordid views, and find your ing stream of satisfaction upon the delighted richest recompense in the approbation of your mind; while sensual gratifications, perishable own minds,ếin the sweet satisfaction of attempt like their objects, tend only to enervate the soul, ing, at least, to diminish the weight of that misery, and sink us far below the level of that high which, perhaps, from the nature of things, you station which man is designed to fill in the scale cannot wholly remove.
of created beings. The pursuits of science, "If gentleness of manners and polite behaviour properly conducted, tend to enlarge our views, be esteemed ornamental in society at large, they to banish narrow prejudices, to increase our love are more indispensably requisite in the medical of truth, and give tone and vigour to the mind. character. It is natural for the human mind to Not more distant is heaven from earth than associate with this character the idea of power ; false philosophy from the true. A set of wild and what can be more soothing to those under and extravagant notions is not philosophy, though affliction, than to meet with power and benevo- in a neighbouring country they have been dignilence combined in the medical man !
fied with the name, These pretended philoso“I am aware that, in the line of your profession, phers have gloried in denying the fairest deducyou will be sometimes placed in difficult and tions from reason- - the most obvious truths ; delicate circumstances; but never, I entreat you, but the direful consequences of this perversion sacrifice your sense of propriety, your feeling of of intellect will long afford an awful and instructhe eternal obligation of right and wrong, that on tive lesson to mankind. which your present and future peace of mind de- “ 'True philosophy is nothing more than real pends, to any prospect of sinister advantage. wisdom, the proper application of our faculties, Consider only what is your duty to do, and leave directed solely to the discovery of truth, which the consequences to Him who never fails to brings beauty, order and excellence, harmonizes approve every honest endeavour to perform it. the minds of its votaries, teaches them to set a So will you, in your different circumstances, be proper value on all the productions of the Creator, the instruments of most extensive good; you and leads them to feel even for the least of his will be a blessing to your country, and ho- animate beings. These will not put one of his noured by those whose good opinion is of va- sensitive creatures to unnecessary pain; and, lue."
rising from the simple polype and the worm to The following observations at the close of his their fellow man, will be more anxious to employ first course of lectures, at the Royal Institution, their knowledge in diffusing comforts, in diminclearly indicate that, with him, the pursuits of ishing the misery which many have brought upon philosophic truth, and the contemplation of the themselves; and, on the broad scale of universal wonders of creation, operated to deepen his re- benevolence, will imitate, as far as in their power, verence for the great Author of nature, and to Him who is constantly diffusing good. These fuse more strongly the conviction how little we are the dispositions of the true philosophers ; actually know.
this is the temper of heaven. “In this general outline of some of the depart- “In such an age as the present, it may be deemed ments of natural knowledge, we have abundant superfluous to urge the accumulated evidence opportunity to remark the traces of a wisdom we now possess, in favour of the fundamental past human comprehension, in the wonderful iruths we most surely believe; but on the juveadjustment of all the parts of creation. How nile part of the community, who are now formexactly are the moving powers balanced among ing their opinions, and beginning to reason for each other! how admirable the order which re- themselves, I wish to impress ihis important sults from their equilibrium ! The agency of the consequence, deducible from the subjects which supreme intelligence is every where displayed have passed in review before us, that in all the in characters so strong that he who runs may great powers of nature we observe such marks read. Those who have most closely exercised of contrivance, such adaptation of cause to effect, their faculties in exploring these magnificent and the whole executed by means so sublimely works, see the least occasion for exaltation, the simple, that we cannot avoid concluding, with least incitement to pride; while they who know Archdeacon Paley, such designs must have had a a little but are ignorant how much remains to designer; and that designer must be God.”