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William Storrs Fry, who appeared to catch the mighty, just and true are thy ways, thou King infection of his little girl, and died on Third-day of saints.” of scarlet fever, the 27th of this month. . A loss As the summer advanced, sea air was coninexpressible-such a son, husband, friend, and sidered likely to be advantageous, and she went brother! but I trust that he is for ever at rest in to Ramsgate, where, under date of 8th month Jesus, through the fulness of His love and grace. 27th, this entry appears in her diary: “It still The trial is almost inexpressible. Oh! may the pleases my Heavenly Father that afflictions Lord sustain us in this time of deep distress. should abound to me in this tabernacle, as I Oh! dear Lord, keep thy unworthy and poor groan, being burthened. Lord, through the fulsick servant in this time of unutterable trial ; ness of Thy love and pity, and unmerited mercy, keep me sound in faith, and clear in mind, and be pleased to arise for my help. Bind up my be very near to us all.”

broken heart, heal my wounded spirit, and yet As the winter of 1844-5 wore away, there was enable Thy servant, through the power of Thy some revival of strength. “She resumed some own Spirit, in everything to return Thee thanks, of her former pursuits—wrote more letters, and and not to faint in the day of trouble, but in hu. took more part in the daily interests of life," mility and godly fear to show forth Thy praise, and was frequently able to attend her meetings Keep me Thine own, through Thy power to do for worship.

this, and pity and help Thy poor servant who The increasing infirmities of her brother-in-trusteth in Thee.” law, Thomas Fowell Buxton, had for some time She had previously written in a letter from past distinctly intimated to her, that if life be the same place, to one of her daughters, “I desire still, for any considerable length of tiine, pro- in heart to say, • Not as I will, but as 'Thou wilt.' longed to her, she must part with him. This, I think none of my friends need fear (as I believe her fast friend, and early coadjutor, died on the they used to do my being exalted by the good 19th of 2d month, 1845.

opinion of my fellow-mortals. I think my state She was very desirous once more to visit is cast down but not destroyed.' May my Norfolk. With difficulty she reached Earlham, Lord, whom I have loved and sought to serve, where she remained many weeks, enjoying, so keep me alive unto Himself, and may He clothe far as she was capable, the society and kindness me with His armour that I may stand in the of the loved ones she found there. Although evil day, and after having done all

, stand.!”. her sufferings sometimes overcame her and On the 14th of 9th month she attended the weighed her down, yet she frequently went to small meeting of Friends at Drapers, a few miles meeting at Norwich. She was drawn up the from Ramsgate, and preached a remarkable ser, aisle in her wheeled chair, and thence, it is said, mon on the nearness of death, and the necessity “ministered with extraordinary life and power of immediate preparation and repentance. Two to those present.” Here we cannot withhold days afterwards the last entry was made in her the exclamation-what a history had hers been, Journal. Two or three weeks subsequent to since, a wild and heedless girl, she sat in that this, in a remarkably solemn communication, house in 1798, and wept under the ministry of she urged the awful enquiry,“ are we all ready? William Savery. How remarkably varied had If the Master should this day call us, is the work been the scenes through which she had been completely finished ? have we anything left to led-how important to others, in many respects, do?'' solemnly repeating the question, “ are we had been her checkered path! The tears were prepared ?" This was indeed a searching ennow to flow from other eyes and hers the part quiry to herself. She was shortly to be called to minister in demonstration of the Spirit, and from the field—the opportunity to labour was with a measure of that same power, which forty- soon to be withdrawn. She occasionally rode seven years before, had mellowed her own out, but her illness continued, and was attended heart-drawn it towards her God, and given her with great acuteness of suffering. The privilege a glimpse of the beauty of holiness.

of suffering for Christ's sake was the point most In the latter part of the 5th month, she at- frequently dwelt upon. The world, even in its tended two sittings of the Women's Yearly beauty and pleasantness, appeared to have lost Meeting in London. Here she enlarged upon nearly all its attraction. The great object of her the declaration of our Saviour that he is the life had been to do the will of God; she had also Vine, and his followers the branches that as learned to endure and to trust in his goodness the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it and mercy. She had believed that the dread of abide in the vine, no more can they, except they death, “ in tender mercy to her timid nature,” abide in him. She expressed a doubt whether would be taken away, and that she would not be she should ever again meet her beloved friends permitted to behold him in his terror. On the in that place, and in a very solemn manner ap- ilth of 10th month “ she was seized with prespeared in supplication to the Most High. The sure on the brain, under which she gradually rich, full tones of her voice filled the house, and sank into a state of insensibility.". The last she concluded with the acknowledgment, "great words she uttered were," O, my dear Lord, help and marvellous are thy works, Lord, God Al-I and keep thy servant." Suddenly on the morna

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her age.

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ing of the 13th of the 10th month, 1845, “ there of the geography of the country. The southern
was a change in the breathing; it was but a mo- line of the Pennsylvania charter was clearly in.
ment. The silver cord was loosed—a few sighs tended to be in latitude thirty-nine. But the
at intervals—and no sound was there. Unut-
terably blessed was the holy calm—the perfect Maryland had been previously fixed. For a grant

proper question was, where the northern line of
stillness of the chamber of death. 'She saw the
King in his beauty,

and the land that is very far of territory already alienated could not be valid. off.” She died al Ramsgate, in the 66th year of The proprietors construed their patents favourably

to their respective interests, and a long continued Her remains were brought to her home at contest ensued. The dispute was not finally Upton, whence they were taken and deposited in settled until 1761, when the line between Pennthe burying ground of Friends at Barking. Great sylvania and Maryland was run by Mason and numbers attended her funeral; and the high esti- Dixon. This line is a parallel of latitude fifteen mation in which she had long been held, was miles south of the southern part of Philadelphia ; evinced by the deep feeling that pervaded the and of course is nearly in latitude 39° 41' North. whole country on this melancholy occasion. In a future number it is proposed to make a line, does not correspond to the description in

Though the position thus assigned to the division few general observations, and close our Notice.“ line, does not correspond to the description in

U. M.

either charter, it seems to be not far from what (To be continued.)

was originally intended by both.


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FRIENDS' REVIEW. When this number was nearly ready for the press,

a copy of the London Friend for the Sixth month PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 1, 1848.

was received, which contains a notice, considerably

in detail, of the late Yearly Meeting held in that We mentioned last week, the liberation of Anna city. We shall probably furnish our readers next A. Jenkins and Susan Howland, to perform a re-week with the principal parts of this report, which ligious visit to Friends in England. We learn by the documents since received, that the prospect of all that time will admit in the present.

are likely to be interesting. A very brief notice is the former is "to pay a visit in the love of the

* On Sixth day 26th of Fifth month, the state of gospel to some of the meetings of Friends in Great Society being under consideration, the importance

, Britain, and to attend to such other religious en of attention to the restraining influence of the spirit gagements in that land as may be required of her.” | of truth in their wordly transactions, was pertinently The latter is liberated “to attend the Yearly Meetings of London and Ireland, and to visit in the love that where this is duly regarded, a wisdom supe

impressed upon the meeting. It being observed of the gospel, the meetings constituting them; and rior to our own is often experienced, by which the also to visit, as way may open for it

, some of the simple-hearted are preserved from reproach. The meetings of those professing with Friends on the subject of books claimed particular attention, and continent of Europe, and to attend to such other the evil consequences of reading works derogatory religious service as may be required of her."

to religion were pointed out.

At a subsequent sitting, the duty of maintaining Mason AND Dixon's LINE.--A correspondent the testimonies into which our Society was led in enquires where this celebrated line is. It may be the beginning, was held up to view. Many opianswered, that it is now proverbially the division nions and practices which were originally embetween the slaveholding and non-slaveholding braced from religious conviction, have been since States.

adopted by others as rational conclusions; but In the charter granted by Charles I., in 1632, to Friends are admonished to remember that they Lord Baltimore, the northern boundary of Mary, were given to us as religious testimonies, and land was described to be under the fortieth degree ought to be maintained on their primitive ground. of North latitude, with the proviso, that the terri-, On Third day 30th, the minutes of the Meeting tory was not to include any land previously for Sufferings being read, the subject of slavery and occupied by Europeans. The charter to W. Penn, the slave trade, produced an animated discussion. issued in 1681, fixed the southern boundary of That body had proposed an application to parlia. Pennsylvania under the beginning of the fortieth ment for a prohibition of the slave-grown sugars of degree of North latitude. This implied that the Cuba and Brazil. On the expediency of such apsortieth degree in the Maryland patent was then plication, considerable diversity of sentiment apunderstood to mean the beginning of the fortieth, peared. An appeal was made to Friends to abstain or the latitude of thirty-nine. These grants were from the use of the productions of servile hands, evidently made with a very imperfect knowledge and 10 use their influence in the substitution of the

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Products of free labour. The subject at large was We have also received epistles addressed to finally referred to the careful attention of the Meet this Meeting from the Yearly Meetings of Loning for Sufferings.

don, New York, Baltimore, North Carolina and At the morning sitting on Sixth day the 22, Indiana, which are truly acceptable, and have epistles to all the other Yearly Meetings, as well as proved at this time renewedly confirming to us the general epistle, were adopted as usual ; and the of the excellence and benefit of this correspondmeeting concluded. The women's meeting closed ence, when conducted under the qualification

and influence, under which we unhesitatingly near the same time.

believe it was established, in the ordering of the

Great Head of the Church, Died, at Frederick, Maryland, on the 10th inst. of an injury received on the Baltimore and Ohio

A communication from Dublin Yearly MeetRailroad, on the third, whilst on his way to the ing, through the correspondents, acknowledging State of Illinois, RICHARD, son of Horatio C. Wood,

the receipt of an “ acceptable epistle." from us, both of Philadelphia, in the 21st year of his age.

issued to them by this Meeting, last year, was . Although the circumstances attending the death also received at this time.* of this young man, are of the most deeply afflicting character, we are consoled with the belief that he

Fourth day, 16th. was not altogether unprepared for so sudden, and The following minute of New York Yearly 80 severe a stroke. On the third day after he re- Meeting,t referred to in their epistle to this Meetceived his injury, he stated he had been trying to ing, was now laid before us, and under a solemn bow the knee, for the past three months, and if was the Lord's will to spare him now, he would covering which we felt to be mercifully extended try to serve Him. His mind, which owing to the over us, there was with entire unanimity a very effect of the injury had wandered, being restored full and deliberate expression of unity with it, at this time, afforded him the opportunity of pre- with an evidence, as we trust, that the proposiparing for the awful change, which he was told in tion originated in the truth ; and a servent desire all probability awaited him. On finding there was was felt that He who is the healer of breaches, no hope of recovery, his deep mental conflicts were agonizing, and his bodily sufferings so great, that it as He is looked unto for direction, may be seemed as though unsupported human 'nature pleased to bless the measure to the good of the could not have endured them. He said, "he had

Church. been a sinner, yes! the chief of sinners," and At a subsequent sitting, the following Friends prayed earnestly for forgiveness. And in supplication he fervently said, “ Father of all mercies, were proposed and agreed to as the committee if it please thee, pass this bitter cup from me; yet to confer with the committees of other Yearly not my will but thine be done !"-On Fifth-day he Meetings, viz.: Rowland Greene, John Warren, sent messages and warnings to many of his friends and relatives; the import of which was deeply John Osborne, John D. Lang, Stephen A. interesting to those for whom they were intended; Chase, Samuel Boyd Tobey, and David Buffum. accompanied with a desire that they might have witnessed his sufferings and the anguish of his

is | Proposals, coming from several quarters, to

, soul. At another period he said, he had had an change the place of holding the Yearly Meeting, evidence given him, and that not a slight one, that to a more central position ; a large committee he would be accepted.-On Sixth-day, he ejaculated, “Come, come, Lord Jesus, take me ! Come was appointed in the men's and women's meetLord Jesus, receive my spirit! It is a hard thing ings, to take the subject into their deliberate conto die!” Soon after he added, he would not change sideration, and report their judgment thereon his situation with any one living and enjoying the things of this earth. His bodily sufferings con: next year. tinued intense until near his close, but his mind remained calm, with a firm reliance upon the Lord, and an assurance that his hopes of immor.

* The following is an extract of a letter received tality were based upon the Sure Foundation. The from a Friend of New England, upon whose statements Friend.

entire reliance may be placed.

“As to the epistle from Ireland.-Our epistle to

them, the correspondents officially write, was received, NEW ENGLAND YEARLY MEETING. was acceptable, and was referred by the Yearly MeetSince our last number was printed, we have ing, with the others, to a large committee to write us

one in reply. They were severally distributed to received a copy of the minutes of that meeting, small sub-committees, and the sub-committee to whom from which the following are extracted,

ours was referred, failed to produce an essay, and so

informed tne meeting at its last sitting. There seemSecond day, Sixth month, 12th. ed now nò remedy left the Yearly Meeting, but to We have received and read at this time the stances, and to acknowledge, on its behalf, the receipt

direct its correspondents to inform 'us of the circumprinted General Epistle of the Yearly Meeting of our acceptable epistle, and of the disposition that of London, of last year; and the revival of the was made of it; that we might not infer that that Meet

This is important truths, and the salutary counsel con- ing was not disposed to correspond with us. tained therein, were solemnizing, instructive and official information, communicated to us by direction

of the Yearly Meeting.” strengthening to us.

† This minute appears in page 623 of the Review.

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For Friends' Review.

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The Meeting for Sufferings in its discretion is of their families. The use of the plow has not requested to examine, and cause to be printed been known on this portion of their township. such memorials of deceased Friends as have been In short their general appearance is considerably approved by this Meeting since the last publica- behind the Penobscots in their modes of hustion of these testimonies, a concern having been bandry, and in the comforts of civilized lise. feelingly manifested in this Meeting, for the cir- Some of them keep oxen and cows and lumber culation of those received the present year. in the winter, and hunt and fish in summer. The Meeting for Sufferings is also requested to From the latter they chiefly obtain their subsistcause to be printed a sufficient number of our ence. Book of Discipline for the supply of our meet- We are impressed with a belief that if a suitaings, and also for such of our members as may bly qualified person could be induced to spend a desire to be possessed of the book, to be furnished few weeks among them, in seed time, to assist to them at cost; and it is desired to prefix there- and counsel them in a free and familiar manner to, if way should open for it, a brief historical on all matters relating to the improvement of account of the introduction and establishment of their condition, it would prove, under the Divine the Discipline among Friends.

blessing, an important service to them and pro

mote the object of the Yearly Meeting. Fifth day, 15th,

The present Yearly Meeting having been a The Committee of this Meeting to attend to solemn and interesting season, in which we our concern in relation to the Penobscot and humbly acknowledge, unworthy as we are, we Passamaquoddy Tribes of Indians, report: have, as we believe, mercifully witnessed the

That we have given some attention to the ob- presence of the blessed Head of the Church, jects of our appointment, and in accordance with with feelings of gratitude, and in love, we now a desire expressed last year, a visit has been per- separate, proposing to meet again at this place, formed by two of our number to them, Many at the usual time next year, if the Lord permit

. of the Penobscots were 'absent at the time, yet Signed on behalf of the Meeting, most of their farming operations were examined,

SAMUEL BOYD TOBEY, and in many instances a commendable improve

Clerk this year. ment was manifest in the appearance of their farms, farming operations and manner of living. Several of them keep oxen and plows, and are employed by the Agent, in plowing for the tribe.

OBSERVATIONS ON INSANITY AND CRIME. They have also erected some new houses since

(Continued from page 629.) our former visit, in which more regard to cleanli- And here let me introduce an observation, ness was observed. But while we viewed these which, if not particularly applicable to the subimprovements with satisfaction, and could hold ject under examination, may be of importance in out the language of encouragement for their in- a moral point of view. dustry and good management, we had to regret A large part of my life has been devoted to that in some instances there was a manifest de- the business of teaching, the pupils being nearly

, cline in the manner and amount of their hus- all young men or boys. In the early part of bandry and of their domestic comforts. This this course it was my lot to have under my care with the great failure in the potatoe crop has a number of boys of remarkably vicious chacaused a great decline in their bounty, from some racters. As many years have passed since the previous years.

time alluded to, these boys have had time to be The township of the Passamaquoddy Indians come men. And what kind of men are they was also visited for the first time, by friends of now? A large part of them never became men; the committee. It is about 8 by 9 miles in they died before reaching maturity. Of the fem extent, lying on the Schoodiac waters. . Much who were notoriously vicious, during their of its soil appeared good for cultivation. There boyish years, and who lived to be men, not one were forty-one families residing on it at the time to the best of my knowledge arrived at middle of the visit, most of whom were visited. They age. This simple fact suggests a suspicion, that have four framed dwelling houses in all , on the the vicious propensities, which, in early life

, township, the rest inhabit wigwams, with little sometimes set order and discipline at defiance, regard to cleanliness. Three and a half miles are not unfrequently the result of moral insanity. up the lakes is a compact settlement of seventeen Hence there may be reason to apprehend that families, in which are thirty-two children be- teachers, as well as ministers of penal law, tween the ages of four and twenty-one years, sometimes punish the objects of their care for most of whom can speak and understand the their misfortunes as well as for crimes. WhatEnglish language. At this place they have a ever may be the cause of the extreme propensity new and neat meeting house, of the Roman to vice, sometimes observable in children, whether Catholic order. The soil here is good, but cul- it is the result of incipient insanity, or the inditivated in so rude and unprofitable a manner as cation of deep moral depravity, the consequence to produce but little for the comfort or support appears clear and unquestionable. Such youth



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do not live out half their days. Upon the former, he seems to have tacitly adopted the doctrine supposition, we readily perceive that a morbid which he had just disavowed. And when he affection beginning in childhood will be likely to speaks of rendering punishment proportionate to consign its possessor to an early grave. Upon the purpose it is intended to serve, and never to the latter, the early indulgence of the vicious extend beyond it, he evidently has in his mind passions will almost unavoidably lead to irregu- the idea of making the degree of criminality a larities of conduct, incompatible with comfort, measure of the punishment to be awarded. At health and longevity.

this day, and in this country, the opinion is In adverting to the nature of punitory laws, it generally discarded which led to the infliction of will probably be admitted that the primary object corporal punishment, or public executions, as of penal inflictions is the security of society from means of deterring others from the commission the depredations of depraved individuals. 6. As of similar offences. Indeed a careful examination to the end or final cause of human punishments," of the nature of the human mind, and the ordisays Judge Blackstone, this is not by way of nary springs of action, can scarcely fail to atonement or expiation of the crime commitied; establish the conviction, that such punishments for that must be left to the just determination of contribute to the increase, rather than the dimithe Supreme Being; but as a precaution against nution of crimes. The sufferer can scarcely further offences of the same kind. This is ef- fail to associate the idea of revenge with the infected three ways: either by the amendment of tentional infliction of pain ; and ihe beholder is the offender himself—for which purpose all cor- very liable to regard the punishment as a just poreal punishments, fine, and temporary exile or reward for the deeds of the culprit, or to feel an imprisonment are inflicted; or by deterring emotion nearly allied to resentment towards the others, by the dread of his example, from offend- agent who causes the suffering. In either case, ing in like way, that the suffering of a few may the passions which are roused are unfavourable bring fear upon all--which gives rise to all igno- to a sober judgment, and more likely to promote

minious punishments, and to such executions of vice than virtue. So general indeed is the conBar e justice as are open and public; or, lastly, by viction that public executions are deleterious to

depriving the party injuring of the power to do the community, that in several of the states, capi-
future mischief--which is effected by either put- tal punishments are inflicted within the limits of
ting him to death, or by condemning him to per- the prison yard. This is a virtual acknowledg-
petual confinement, slavery or exile. The same ment, that the heaviest visitation of penal law
one end of preventing future crimes is endea- does not operate as a salutary example. And if
voured to be answered by each of these three the highest penalty of the law does not thus
species of punishment. The public gains equal operate, it is not easy to see why those of a
security, whether the offender himself be amended lower grade should be more effective.
by who'esome correction, or whether he be dis- If we fully admit the doctrine indicated by
abled from doing further harm; and if the penalty Judge Blackstone, that the expiation of crimes
fails of both these effects, as it may do, still the belongs to the Divine prerogative, and that the
terror of his example remains as a warning to proper business of human tribunals is the pro-
other citizens. The method of inflicting punish- tection of society, it will probably appear no
ment ought always to be proportioned to the easy task to reconcile the infliction of suffering
particular purpose it is meant to serve, and by upon the violators of law, any further than the
no means to exceed it; therefore the pains of security of the community and the reformation
death, and perpetual disability by exile, slavery of the offenders may require. Punishments
or imprisonment, ought never to be inflicted but merely vindictive do not occupy a place in a
when the offender appears incorrigible, which system of pure Christian morality. “Their in-
may be collected either from a repetition of mi- troduction, however disguised, may be fairly
nuter offences, or from the perpetration of some traced to the indulgence of the malevolent
one crime of deep malignity, which demonstrates passions, and their tendency is to awaken cor-
a disposition without hope or probability of respondent passions in the sufferers and behold-
amendment; and in such cases it would be ers.
cruelty to the public to defer the punishment of That penalties inflicted for the purpose of
such a criminal till he had an opportunity of causing an offender to suffer, are in their nature
repeating, perhaps, the worst of villainies.”” vindictive, is a proposition, which, though not

Here the learned commentator disclains the generally acknowledged in terms, seems to be
doctrine of punishing offenders by way of expi- tacitly admitted by legal authorities. Judge
ation for their offences, justly recognizing the Blackstone observes, “In all temporal juris-
Divine prerogative indicated by the declaration, dictions, an overt act, or some open evidence of
“ vengeance is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord:”+ an intended crime, is necessary to demonstrate
yet when he immediately afterwards speaks of the depravity of the will, before the man is liable
the public execution of justice upon offenders, to punishment. And as a vicious will without a

vicious act is no civil crime, so, on the other • Commentaries, Vol. 4, p. 11. † Rom. 12: 19. hand, an unwarrantable act without a vicious

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