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that was-Humboldt. I might visit Berlin | and belonging to the past ; even then, alone and again, the other monuments of the city would in the stillness of the Palace, I could hardly remain; but he might pass away.
keep from looking at him as something monuEarly in the morning, I called upon Mr. mental, receiving the tribute of posthumous Donaldson, our minister, and to my extreme fame. regret learned from him that Baron Humboldt He is now nearly eighty, but has the appearwas with the king at Potsdam, thirty miles dis- ance of being some years younger. In stature, tant, in feeble health, and unable to receive he is rather under than above the middle size, visitors. Fortunately, I had occasion afterwards with a frame, probably in youth, well-fitted for to call upon Baron Von Rønne, formerly Prus- the hardships of his arduous travels. His head sian minister to this country, and incidentally might serve as a study for a craniologist ; his mentioning to him my disappointment and re- face is broad, and his eye remarkable for its gret, he stopped me abruptly, and with friendly intellect and expression. He was dressed in a earnestness said, that I must not leave Berlin plain suit of black, without ribands or decorawithout seeing Baron Humboldt, at the same tions of any kind, and his apartments correstime looking at his watch, calling up my servant, ponded with the simplicity of his personal aptelling him that the cars for Potsdam started at pearance. He was debilitated from an attack 12, and hastily writing a line of introduction, of illness, but the vigour and elasticity of his without allowing me any time for acknow- mind were unimpaired. He spoke English ledgments, he hurried me off to my carriage. with much Auency, but with an accent, and his A brisk ride brought me to the depot just in manner of speaking and the tone of his contime for the cars, three-quarters of an hour car- versation reminded me of Mr. Gallatin, who ried us to Potsdam, and almost before I had re- was an old personal friend, and to whom he covered from my surprise, I was at Baron wished to be remembered. Humboldt's residence.
The ruined cities of America being the means It was in the Royal Palace, a stately and of bringing me to his acquaintance, were of historic pile, once the residence of Frederick course the first subject referred to, but learning the Great, with his apartments remaining in the that my connexion with the line of mailsame state in which he left them. One wing steamers to Bremen was the immediate object was now occupied by Baron Humboldt, and it which had brought me to Germany, he exseemed a just tribute and a right reward—a pressed his satisfaction that I was identified with proper crowning of his fame, alike honourable an enterprise, at that moment most interesting to Prince and subject, that after years of travel, to Germany. He considered the action of our of physical and intellectual labour, he should, in Government in establishing the line, wise and the evening of his days, return to the town in statesmanlike, as, for a commercial people like which he was born, to live in the Royal Palace, ours, it must be the means of opening new relathe guest and friend of his king.
tions, and a wide field for the enterprise of our Ascending to the door of his apartments, I citizens. He himself felt a lively interest in its was disappointed anew by positive word from success, believing that the Germans of all classes the servant in attendance, that the Baron would were desirous of direct intercourse with us; not receive any visitors that day. With very that they had a great variety of manufactures little hope of success, but disposed to try every which might be exchanged to advantage for the chance, I left my letter and card with an inti- large amount of our staples now consumed in mation that I would call again at 2 o'clock. that country, when more frequent intercourse
On my return, the expression of the servants should give a better knowledge of each other's face as he opened the door, relieved me of all wants and resources : as between the United apprehension. Showing me into an adjoining States and Germany, there never could be any apartment, Baron Humboldt came to meet me, feeling of rivalry or any cause of collision, and with the flattering greeting that no letter of the closer we could be drawn together, the more introduction was necessary.
advantageous would it be to both countries. He I was entirely mistaken in the idea I had spoke of the long lines of railroads now conformed of his personal appearance, and was structing in Germany, to connect the Rhine and surprised at not finding him bowed down, and the Danube, the Adriatic and the North Sea,
Nearly half a century ago, he with branches from towns and manufacturing had filled the first place in the world of letters, districts, winding into each other all over the sitting as it were, upon a throne, lighting up country, furnishing facilities for travel and the pathway of science to the philosopher, and transportation to the sea-board, such as had teaching the school-boy at his desk. He was never been known before, the greater part of recorded in the annals of a past generation. which, both as a matter of feeling, and on the Indeed, his reign had been so long, and his fame score of interest, must in the first instance turn went back so far, that until I saw bim bodily, I towards the United States. had almost regarded him as a part of history, He inquired about Mr. Wheaton, our late
bent by age.
minister to that country, whether he had ar- superintendent there, was with us, and gave an inrived in the United States before my departure, teresting account of its past usefulness and present and what was to be his future career.
He said prospects. The meeting directed $300 to be raised that it was understood at Berlin, that he was to
The present year to aid in supporting the concern.'' be appointed minister to France, and expressed
Information has been received that the late his surprise that the United States should be willing to lose the public services of one so long
Yearly Meeting of Indiana was large and satistrained in the school of diplomacy, and so well factory; but as their printed minutes have not yet acquainted with the political institutions of come to hand, we defer the attempt to detail their Europe.-Literary World.
proceedings until they shall be received.
We have the satisfaction to learn that Thomas FRIENDS' REVIEW. Wells, who had charge, during several years, of
the schools at Friends establishment among the PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 23, 1847.
Indians west of Missouri, has been recently liberat
ed by his Monthly and Quarterly Meeting to atThe brief notice which appears in this number, tend Baltimore Yearly Meeting, and to visit the of an intended religious visit to the remnant of the remnant of the native tribes as far North as Canada, Indian tribes still resident in our vicinity, may call and as far East as New England; taking the meetto remembrance the injunction of our Saviour to his ings of Friends in his way. immediate disciples: “Go ye, therefore, teach all nations," &c. It is pleasing to find that neglected
Westown School.-On a late visit to this interportion of our fellow-men awakening the sympathy esting Seminary, it was a satisfaction to observe that and engaging the exertions of Friends. The the repairs on the main building are completed, aborigines of the country have strong claims, not The old roof, which had become quite defective, merely upon the sympathy but upon the justice of has been replaced by one of slate, which of course our citizens. From whatever point we view their greatly diminishes the danger from fire situation, we can scarcely resist the conclusion, that nurseries lately erected, must be of important they must acquire the arts and habits of civilized utility in case of any considerable sickness appearlife, or be swept from the earth by the swelling and ing among the pupils. But perhaps the greatest resistless tide of civilization. The condition of these improvement which has been recently made, is people on our western frontier; their semibarbarous found in the chambers assigned to the boys, as state; the decrease of their means of support; and their dormitories. By the elevation of the roof, a the injustice with which they have been treated; considerable addition has been made to the height may well excite our solicitude, not only on their of the ceiling. Thus a greater supply of air is account, but on that of the white population in their furnished, and the health of the pupils consequently vicinity. If oppression makes a wise man mad, promoted. The summer session has just closed, well may it have that effect on the untutored in- and as the repairs, to which allusion has been habitant of the woods. If science and the arts can made, occasioned a recess of four weeks in the tame the savage mind, much more may we rely on spring, the school is to open for the winter term on the precepts and doctrines of Christianity to work the 1st of next month, making the autumnal recess the same important end.
two weeks instead of three. It is gratifying to find that this seminary continues to possess the undi
minished confidence of Friends throughout the YEARLY MEETING.-Since our second number was published, a letter has been received from a
Yearly Meeting; as appears by the number of apwell known friend in Ohio, confirming the state
plications for admission during the ensuing session. ments contained in that number respecting their late Yearly Meeting. As the information included
EXTRACTS FROM THOMAS STORY'S in the following extract had not been previously
JOURNAL received, it is now given, on account of the interest
In the last number of the Review, an extract which, we doubt not, the readers of the Review will take in the subject.
was given, prefaced by some remarks in rela
tion to the mass of interesting and highly inThe Shawnese Indian establishment, west of the structive matter to be found by the inquirer Mississippi river, app ars to be in a prosperous con- after truth, in the writings of our early Friends. dition, affording an evidence that Friends' labours An apprehension was also expressed that our in their behalf have not been altogether in vain. The school is pretty well attended-numbering young people are not sufficiently aware of its about fifty-and the children generally orderly and existence, or do not enough appreciate it, and desirous of receiving instruction. The former familiarise themselves with it; inundated as
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we are with an everllowing stream of popu- | not at the beckoning of his hand; but mark the lar literature, the obvious tendency of which, benefit of exchange! For he gave me, instead of if not to demoralise, unqnestionably is to de- earth, a kingdom of eternal peace; and in lieu teriorate the taste, and divert from more in- of the crowns of vanity, a crown of glory. structive inquiries. When this kind of reading, “ They gazed upon me; they said I was mad, whether in the shilling pamphlet or the news- distracted, and become a fool; they lamented paper tale, is sought after and indulged in, our because my freedom came. They whispered relish for substantial instruction must be im- against me in the vanity of their imaginations; paired, and the plain, unvarnished narratives of but I inclined mine ear unto the whisperings of truth and soberness--the experiences of the the spirit of Truth. I said, what am I that I pious, and the conflicts of the righteous--will should receive such honour? but he removed have few attractions; and we may eventually be the mountains out of my way, and by his secret induced to cast aside, as dry and uninteresting, workings, pressed me forward." not only the writings of Friends, but the Scrip- Not long after, we find recorded the followtures themselves. It is with the mind as with ing prayer: “O Almighty, incomprehensible, the body. If poison be administered, disease and infinitely merciful Lord God, forasmuch as must ensue.
If the body constantly rely upon none can enter into thy rest, unless he be reflimsy, unsubstantial food, though not in itself generated and renewed, I humbly beg, in the poisonous, it were unreasonable to look for a name, and for the sake, of thy son Christ, that strong and healthy frame; so, if the mind in- thou wilt be pleased to wash me in the water dulge in “ trifles light as air,” and depend for of life, and purify my polluted soul with the its mental food upon the pages which shall holy fire of thy infinite love; that I may live most succeed in fascinating it, is it possible that in thee, and walk in the living way of truth, a wholesome state shall be produced ? or does love, peace, joy, righteousness, holiness, temper. it not inevitably follow, that those high interests ance, and patience, so long as thou art pleased which are indissolubly connected with our im- to continue me in this garden of labour. And mortal nature, shall be too much neglected ? It be my strength, O my righteousness! that I go may be accepted as a certain truth, that if we not astray from thy paths, through the frailty would rear the mind, or preserve it in its of this earthly tabernacle; but give me daily strength and in its beauty, its aims and its aspi- the bread of life, which thou freely holdest forth rations must be for something solid änd endur- to the hungry all the day long. And inasmuch ing even as the Truth itself.
as none can eat of this bread, but those who But I do not want to forget that the portico hunger and thirst after righteousness, give me a ought not to be larger than the building. 1 fervent desire, O my salvation! and a saving intend to offer another extract or two from the faith, a living faith, to lay hold on thy most Journal of Thomas Story. They are taken certain promise ; that I may be made partaker from the early part of it, and are evidently the of the glory that is laid up for thy servants in outpourings of his heart, in the days of its espou- thine everlasting habitation.” sals. The following was written, with other With the following highly instructive paramatter, in 1689, “as things opened” in his graph, I will close : it was written in 1691 : mind, before he had “conversed with any “My delight was continually in the truth, Friend about their principles, or read any of and I desired no company but of Friends, and their books.” In the article furnished last week, frequented meetings on all occasions ; where reference was made to the beautiful mode of ex- my heart was frequently tendered by the truth, pression sometimes adopted by Thomas Story, and it often reached and affected others by me, I think the paragraph below may be fairly cited and sometimes very much : so that I became as an instance. We will scarcely find in any very dear to Friends, and they to me.
And as English author more melody or perfect sweet- thať tenderness was an involuntary ministry, ness than in some of these periods.
being an operation of the Spirit without words, “I was silent before the Lord, as a child not I found for some time great satisfaction and yet weaned; he put words in my mouth, and I safety in it.” sang forth his praise with an audible voice. I When it pleased the Almighty to stain the called unto my God out of the great deep; he beauty of the world in Thomas Story's eye, and put on bowels of mercy, and had compassion on call upon him to resign its promises and allureme, because his love was infinite, and his power ments, many and sore were the conflicts which without measure.
He called for my life, and I he endured. He was, however, strengthened by offered it at his footstool ; but he gave it me as Divine Grace to seek a far more enduring and a prey, with unspeakable addition. He called incomparably more important inheritance. He for my will, and I resigned it at his ci'); but was a young man of talents, educated for the he returned me his own, in token of his love. law, and comely in person, and well accomHe called for the world, and I laid it at his plished. It was a grievous disappointment to feet, with the crowns thereof; I withheld them his father to have his expectations respecting
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him disappointed in this way; and although he in that time both years were usually set down! did not, as did William Penn's father, turn him When the months were designated numerically out of his house, yet his position there was far and not by their names, (and this method of defrom pleasant : for “not one soul of them,” says signating them was by no means peculiar to he,“ had any sense of Truth.” Way opened in Friends,) they were commonly given according time for his release, and he was enabled to go to the ecclesiastical year. Hence, what we now in faith, having before him the promises of the call Second month, 1817, would then have been Gospel.
T. U. terined the Twelfth month, 1846–7. After the
25th of the First month, now the Third, the 6
would have be dropped and the 7 retained. THE OLD AND NEW STYLE.
As the Julian account made the civil year There are probably none of our readers who about 11 minutes 12 seconds longer than the have not frequently observed, when perusing tropical year, it necessarily happened that the the history of our early Friends, or other records vernal equinox would occur 44 minutes 48 seof the centuries which are gone, that dates are conds earlier, at the end, than at the beginning sometimes set down in a manner which is scarce- of each period of four years. This, in about 129 ly intelligible now. The change which was years, would amount to one day. made in the reckoning of time, within the Bri- In the year 325, an ecclesiastical council was tish dominions in 1752, is not yet forgotten; held at Nice, in which one of the subjects of though the generation that witnessed it, has discussion was the time for the celebration of totally passed away. This change was opposed Easter, with which the time of the equinox was and ridiculed at the time of its adoption. intimately connected. The vernal equinox was Even Dr. Johnson did not permit it to pass then found to occur on the 21st of the month without a stroke from his sarcastic pen. Men called March. This then was an epoch, to of science may be amused by the Doctor's wit, which reference was afterwards made in the but they will probably form a humble estimate reckoning of time. of his philosophy.
Near the close of the 16th century, the attenAs this confusion of dates, must continue tion of Pope Gregory XIII. was called to this while those ancient records remain, it is appre- subject; the vernal equinox being then found to hended that a brief explanation of the subject occur on the 11th, instead of the 21st of the may be acceptable to the readers of the “Re- month. By the aid of the ablest astronomers view.”
of the time, a plan was devised for correctThe true length of the tropical year, or the ing the calendar, and restoring the equinox interval between one vernal equinox and the to the 21st of the month, as it was in 325. next, has been found by astronomers to be 365 The year 1582 was made to consist of 355 indays, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 48 seconds; but stead of 365 days; and to secure the future cointhe method of reckoning the beginning and cidence of the equinox, with the date then aslength of the year for civil purposes, was settled signed to it, three centurial years out of four by Julius Cæsar, 46 years before the Christian were directed to be made common, instead of
He supposed the year to consist of 365 leap years. According to the Julian account, days, 6 hours, and made the year begin, as it every year the number of which was divisible does with us, on the first of the month called by 4, was a leap year, but according to the GreJanuary, and to consist, three years out of four, gorian, (as the new was then termed,) if the of 365 days, and in the remaining one of 366. number of the century was not divisible by 4, This would have kept the civil and tropical the centurial year was a common one. Thus, years together, if the latter had been exactly 1600, 2000, 2100, &c., are leap years, by the 365 days and 6 hours.
Gregorian, as well as the Julian style; while When Julius Cæsar regulated the calendar, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2100, &c., would be common the vernal equinox occurred, or was supposed to years according to the former, and leap years occur, on the 25th of the month called March. agreeably to the latter account. This month, according to the regulation which A decree of Pope Gregory was issued in the he established, was the third, but there was also spring of 1582, abolishing the ancient and estaban ecclesiastical year, beginning with the sup-lishing the new, or Gregorian calendar. The posed time of the vernal equinox; and of course, Roman Catholic States in Europe, without much this month, which was the third of the Julian, hesitation, adopted the new style; but those which was reckoned the first of the ecclesiastical year; had renounced the supremacy of the Pope in the latter beginning with the 25th instead of ecclesiastical affairs, generally refused to receive the 1st of the month. It thus happened that the reformed calendar from his hands. But these the interval between the first of January and prejudices being softened by time, and the prothe twenty-fifth of March, belonged to the new gress of liberal sentiments, the Protestant states year, according to the civil, and to the old one, in Germany adopted the new style in the year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning. With- 1700; and in 1751 the British parliament enact
ed a law requiring the Gregorian style to be ning, betting or gaining money, or other proadopted within the British dominions. As the perty, and shall not forthwith cause complaint year 1700 was a leap year in the old, and a to be made against the person so keeping or common one in the new style, the difference of using such room, building, arbor, booth, shed or the two dates had then become eleven days. tenement, he shall be taken, held and considerThe act therefore provided that “the next na- ed to have knowingly permitted the same to be tural day following the 2d of September, 1752, used and occupied for gambling.” should be reckoned the 14th.” Hence the say- The subjoined article from the North Ameriing became current among the children, that can and United States Gazette, of the 18th inst., they went to bed on the 2d and slept till the furnishes a significant admonition to the keepers 14th of the month. By this regulation the of gaming houses, to resort to some more honest ecclesiastical year was discontinued, and the be- mode of acquiring a livelihood. It will be obginning of the year adjusted to the civil ac- served, that in laying the fine, the Judge has count. The months, in consequence, when de- gone to the maximum of the law, thus manifestsignated numerically, have changed their ap- ing a laudable determination to exert his official pellation, what was formerly reckoned the fifth, authority in guarding our young men against being now the seventh, and so of the rest. The the seductive influence of these nurseries of vice four last months of the year, which were for- and dissipation. merly expressed by the Latin numerals corres- “SEVERE SENTENCE.—In the Criminal Court on ponding to their place in the calendar, are con- Saturday, Thomas E. J. Kerrison, convicted sequently now placed out of their numerical under the new gambling law of maintaining an position. After 1752 we find no trace of the establishment in the shape of a billiard room, double date of the year in our English books. where gaming was allowed, was called up for
The new style was adopted in Denmark and sentence. The prisoner was adjudged by Judge Sweden, in the year 1753, but in Russia the old Parsons to pay a fine of $500, and to undergo style is still in use.
an imprisonment in solitary confinement and at From this account it appears that to reduce hard labour, in the Eastern Penitentiary, for the the old style to the new, for any time between term of THREE YEARS! The prosecution against 1582, and the first of Third month 1700, ten Kerrison originated in the circumstance of a days must be added to the former. From the young clerk, in a highly respectable mercantile latter date, to the same time in the year 1800, house, losing the money of his employer at K.'s the difference is eleven days. Since 1800 there billiard room, at a gaine, the seductive influence is a difference of 12 days.
of which he was unable to resist.” The omission of three leap years in 400 years
At the same session an act was passed prowill obviate the necessity of applying a correc-hibiting the sale of lottery tickets, wherever tion of a day until the end of nearly 4000 years. drawn, under a penalty not exceeding $5000,
E. L. and an imprisonment of not more than three
years; and we find in the paper above quoted,
the notice of a sentence passed by Judge ParGAMBLING.
sons, subjecting a man who was convicted of At the last session of the Pennsylvania Legis- selling lottery policies to a fine of $50, and an lature, an act was passed, the first section of imprisonment of two years in the county prison. which is in the following words: “ Be it enacted by the Senate and House
AMERICAN ANTIQUITIES. of Representatives of the Commonwealth of
A new and important work upon this subPennsylvania in General Assembly met, andject, is announced as about to be published,
, it is hereby enacted by the authority of the under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institusame, That if any person shall keep a room, tion. We copy from the National Intelligenbuilding, arbor, booth, shed or tenement, to be cer, the following notice of this interesting conused or occupied for gambling, or shall know- tribution to the History of the Ancient Races of ingly permit the same to be used or occupied for our land. gambling; or if any person, being the owner of “ This work, containing researches into the any room, building, arbor, booth, shed or tene- origin and purposes of the Aboriginal monument, shall rent the same, to be used or occu- ments and remains of the Mississippi Valley, pied for gambling, the person so offending shall, will embrace the details and results of extended on conviction thereof, be fined in any sum not surveys, carried on during several years by Mr. less than fifty nor more than five hundred dol- E. G. Squier and Dr. E. H. Davis, of Ohio. The lars; and if the owner of any room, building, labours of these gentlemen embrace the opening arbor, booth, shed or tenement, shall know that and examination of more than two hundred any gaming tables, apparatus or establishment is mounds, of every variety and character, from kept or used in such room, building, arbor, the greatest to the least. These works were booth, shed or tenement, for gambling and win- | not carelessly overthrown, but laid open to their
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