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inasmuch as it is not to be religious, to appre- designs of divine mcrcy were thus hid under hend rightly, but to do well. The latter can figures, and the divine presence was shrouded scarcely be without the former, but the former within the innermost veil of the tabernacle, there often is without the latter."

is a sense in which, at that time, every heart

might be a sanctuary, in which the “good THE IDENTITY OF RELIGION, IN ALL AGES. Spirit of the Lord condescended, in measure,

to instruct, and in which the intercourse of holy “Religion is a tie."- CRISP.

affections was to be known. (Concluded from page 749.)

3. Not less evident is it, that the sacrifices III. In hastily surveying that dispensation of and ritual observances under the law had referdivine mercy, into which the children of Israelence to two great objects, viz.,—the remission of were introduced, through the intervention of sins, and the change of man's heart, as the esMoses, we find the same great essential features sential means of reunion and true peace with of true religion, both as respects its object, and God. There were various sin offerings, and its means.

services for purification, but there was one great 1. We would, in the first place, observe, that annual occasion on which all the people were we see no reason to believe, that the divine commanded 10 afflict their souls, and the highfavour and sanction were universally withdrawn priest entered into the holiest of all, with solemn from the patriarchal institutions, at the moment and significant rites, to make atonement by a when the divine voice from Mount Sinai gave to propitiatory sacrifice, for his own sins and the Moses the special instructions by which the sins of the people. There was also the daily family of Abraham was to be governed. Nor incense, and the appointed offerings of acknowwould we presume to set limits to the strivings ledgment and thanksgivings for mercies received, of the Holy Spirit, with those who lived in times figuring those sweet and holy affections, which when the primitive institutions were much cor- are ever due from man to his Creator, Redeemer, rupted. The family of Abraham were the fa- and Preserver. voured instruments in the Lord's hand, of pre- 4. There was a legal national righteousness in serving the knowledge of divine truth in the the fulfilment of the appointed services of the midst of prevalent idolatry, and also of a further law, but the very basis of the covenant, as reunfolding of his merciful intentions to the whole garded the people, was, that they should be confamily of man. In this economy, under a formed to God, and obey his statutes in all variety of significant shadows, that grace and things. Moses, by the divine command, said to truth were represented which were to be fully the children of Israel, “ Ye shall be holy, for I seen in the face of Jesus Christ; and thus, in the Lord your God am holy.” Levit. xix. 2. respect of the universal church, the people of "'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all Israel were chosen, elected, to act as the initia- thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all th tory schoolmaster, to prepare for the higher might.” Deut. vi. 5. And when the people form of the Christian economy.

forgot their love and duty, and yet thought to be 2. The most distinguishing privilege of the accepted in their legal services, how severely children of Israel was the divine presence. This were the prophets commanded to reprove them, was constantly manifested to them in their early and with what comparative slight do they speak wanderings, by the sign of the cloud by day, of the appointed services of the tabernacle, or and the pillar of fire by night; and as soon as the temple. Thus we see that at all times God the tabernacle was prepared, with its appropriate has had regard to the heart. figures and emblems, the divine presence was 5. " To what purpose,” says Isaiah, “ is the manifested between the cherubims, within the multitude of your services unio me." Bring veil of the innermost sanctuary, and became the no more vain oblations,-incense is an abomiliving oracle, to be consulted in all tinies of nation unto me.' “ Wash you, make you clean; emergency. Here was a constant means of put away the evil of your doings from before divine intercourse established, for the govern- mine eyes; cease to do evil, learn to do well; ment and guidance of this peculiar family ; but seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the it must be observed, that every individual was fatherless, plead for the widow: come now and not admitted to it, but only certain delegated let us reason together, saith the Lord; though persons, divinely appointed, who acted as me- your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as diators between the Lord and his people. Yet snow; though they be red like crimson, they was it a high privilege indeed, to each individual shall be as wool. "ch. i. v. 11-18. “ Whereof this family, through this intervention, to hare with,” says the prophet Micah, “shall I come the Lord so near them at all times, and to be before the Lord, and bow myself before the high permitted to join in the appropriate sacrifices God? Shall I come before him with burnt and services which, though but the patterns of offerings, with calves of a year old ? Will the heavenly things, when offered in faith, were ac- Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, or with cepted of God, and therefore strengthened and ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my consoled the worshipper. But though the full first-born for my transgression, the fout of my

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body for the sin of my soul? He hath shewed | upon me O God, according to thy loving kindthee, O man, what is good, and what doth the ness; according to the multitude of thy tender Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercies, blot out my transgressions.” 2. Change mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God." of heart.—Wash me thoroughly from my inch. vi. 6-8.

iquity, and cleanse me from my sin ; create in 6. The character of true religion, in all ages, me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right is here strikingly portrayed; and it is observable, spirit within me.” 3. Repentance._" For I that the prophets speak to the people as being acknowledge my transgressions, and my sin is in possession of a spiritual energy, to obey the ever before me. 4. The divine requirements of call to repentance, although Isaiah describes man.-" Thou desirest truth in the inward paris, those whom he addresses, as “the rulers of and in the hidden part, thou shalt make me to Sodom and the people of Gomorrah.” Those know wisdom.” 5. The need of the Holy who yielded to the divine call were not, however, Spirit.—“Cast me not away from thy presence, we may safely believe, led to think lightly of the and take not thy Holy Spirit from me. Restore house of the Lord, and of its services. The unto me the joy of thy salvation, and uphold me pious Jew, who was turned from the error of with thy free Spirit.” 6. The true offerings.his way-hating sin—rejoiced in his intercourse - Thou desirest not sacrifice, else would I give with God, through the divinely appointed means. it; the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a He found his confidence in the covenant of broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt mercy confirmed in the solemn services of the not despise.” There is but one direct mention temple, and especially of the annual atonement, in the midst of these petitions of any typical though he might see very dimly the full signifi- rite. In the seventh verse, David says, “ Purge cation of these rites. Walking by faith in that me with hyssop and I shall be clean: wash me which was revealed to him, he was a true son and I shall be whiter than snow." With a of Abraham, believing in, and looking for, the bunch of hyssop, dipped in the blood of the pasfulfilment of the promises made unto the fathers. chal Jamb, the Israelites sprinkled their doors,

7. Glorious as was the temple, whilst the when the destroying angel smote the first-born presence of the Lord was there, the evangelical of Egypt. David rests not, however, on any prophet was directed to declare, “ 'Thus saith the outward rite ; but, penetrated with the sense of high and holy One, who inhabiteth eternity, his alienated condition by nature, and his deep whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and sinfulness, he throws himself altogether upon the holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and free and tender mercies of a compassionate Lord. humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, It is pardon, change of heart, and renewed comand to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”'munion with God, that he seeks, with all the The light of the gospel day beams through the earnestness of his soul. Surely we have here clouds and shadows of the legal dispensation, an exhibition of the principles of the one only and shows the essential character of true religion, religion-lhe religion of all ages. Let it not, in the restoration of man's immediate intercourse however, for a moment, be supposed, that the with his reconciled Father and Lord. Here we feelings expressed by David, in the fifty-first see the lines of that glorious day, which, glori- Psalm, are at variance with his love of the hill ous in its simplicity, was in the latter times to of Zion, or with his coveting, poetically, the supersede all the splendour of the temple of Solo- privilege of the birds which dwelt about the mon, and the imposing ceremonies of the Mosaic altars of the Lord. There the Almighty had ritual.

chosen for his people to meet and to honour 8. Very strikingly are the features of the one him, in divinely appointed services. It is ever religion portrayed in the Psalms of David. the pleasure and the longing of the true servant Absent from his beloved Jerusalem, he longs, he to do his Master's will; and ever in connexion thirsts, he pants for the courts of the Lord. with doing the will of the divine Master, his “How amiable,” he exclaims, “are thy taber- living presence is known to stimulate, strengthen, nacles, O Lord of Hosts ; my soul longeth, yea and comfort the faithful servant. even fainteth for the courts of the Lord: my IV. Nothing which we have said, with reserheart and my flesh cry out for the living God;" ence to the essentially spiritual character of true yet highly as he values the appointed place and religion in all ages, will, we trust, have been means of access to Jehovah, he recognises, at considered as in any degree derogating from the the same time, the divine omnipresence, and value and importance of that fuller display of says, “ My mouth shall praise thee with joysul the divine mercy which is exhibited in the new lips, when I remember thee upon my bed, and covenant of grace, by Jesus Christ. Though meditate on thee in the night watches.” But it the holy men of ihe former dispensations

. is in the hour of his distress, under deep com- walked in the one true faith, and took a living punction for sin, that he recognises most fully hold on the great promise of a deliverer, who the universal means and attendant circumstances was to come in the latter days; yet, in the words of man's reconciliation with a just and offended of the Apostle to the Hebrews, " These all Creator. l. Remission of sins.-" Have mercy having obtained a good report through faith, re




ceived not the promise : God having provided | creature." The law of Christianity is a law of some better thing for us, that they without us love and holiness-it is a dispensation of blessed should not be made perfect.” Heb. xi. 40, 41. liberty, and at the same time, of holy restraint. Those good things which all the services of their No more is Jerusalem or the temple the eslaw signified, are fulfilled in Christ. “ 'The law pecial place of worship; but in every place, and made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a from every heart, incense—the pure offering of better hope did, by the which we draw nigh holy affections—may ascend acceptably to God, unto God." Heb. vii. 19.

through Jesus Christ. The primitive union of The fact that the legal services of the Temple faith, love and filial fear, is fully restored. constituted a system of symbols—the types of In concluding this imperfect essay, we would good things to come, which good things are in observe, that if true religion in its objects and troduced by the Gospel, places the two dispen- character, heretofore a definite thing, sations in their true relation to each other. The founded on divine appointment and revelation, it Gospel consists of realities. The full remedies is at least not less so at the present time. Its for the guilt of sin, and for the removal of the basis is—that God hath spoken-spoken outseparation of man by sin from his heavenly wardly, through various agencies, chosen by inFather, are found, and only fully found, in Christ, finite wisdom and love to man; and inwardly by whose birth was announced to the shepherds of his Spirit, enlightening, convincing, and conBethlehem by the angel, as “glad tidings of verting the soul. True religion never was the great joy." He came to "give light to them work of human invention or mere human feeling. that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death, All its contractions and corruptions more or less to guide our feet into the way of peace.” assume the opposite of this position; and it Luke i. 79. Of Him, the great forerunner said, would not, we apprehend, be very difficult to “ Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away show, that error as well as truth, in connexion the sin of the world." John i. 29.

with religion, has been essentially the same in Our remaining space in this little work obliges all ages. - Annual Monitor. us considerably

to contract the concluding portion of our essay; if, however, we have cor

HUMANITY OF THE MOSAIC CODE. rectly indicated the essential features of true religion, under the preceding dispensations, the One of the most striking characteristics of the reader, we believe, will not be unwilling to admit Mosaic code is the rich vein of humanity which that they are pre-eminently characteristic of the runs through it. The poor there find themselves gospel day. If true religion always brought traced back to the same parentage, loved by the man into a measure of likeness to his holy Cre- same God, bound by the same religious ties, ator, and into peaceful union with him, such is with their wealthy neighbours. At the sanctuary pre-eminently the office of the religion of Christ. and the altar, only distinction is one in their Its great idea is this nearness—this reunion. favour, namely, that by which the least costly The predicted name of the deliverer is “Ema- offering on their part is pronounced no less acnuel,” God with us. Isaiah vii. 14. Christ, in ceptable than the hecatomb which the rich may his people, and his people in Him, is the high bring. In the rest of the Sabbath, the voice privilege of the gospel times. • Through Him from Sinai made special mention of the man we all have access by one spirit unto the Father.' servant and the maid servant; nor is there one Ephes. ii. 18. There is an entire harmony be- among the many appointed festivals, in which tween the finished work of Christ, in his one they, together with the poor and stranger, are offering without the gates of Jerusalem for the not specially enumerated among the guests. sins of the world, and the continued work of Mark the spirit which breathes in the following the Holy Spirit in the conversion of the soul. laws: “If thy brother be waxen poor, and These things are bound together in inseparable fallen into decay with thee, then thou shalt reunion. He who is the One Mediator between lieve him; yea, though he be a stranger and a God and Man, is to be known in the hearts of sojourner.' “ Take thou no usury of him nor his lowly disciples, and in the midst of his increase.” “ If thou take his raiment to pledge, Church, as their King to rule over them, and thou shalt deliver it to him again when the sun their Bishop to instruct them. The Law, with goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiits multiplied figures, “its weak and beggarly ment and bless thee." "Thou shalt not oppress

. elements," has passed away, as clouds and a hired servant that is poor and needy, whether shadows which obscured the full shining of the he be of thy brethren, or of the strangers that Sun of Righteousness. Its expiatory sacrifices are of the land within thy gates. At his day are superseded by the offering of Jesus Christ, thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the once for all; its washings and purifications, by sun go down upon it; for he is poor and setteth the one baptism of the Holy Spirit; its paschal his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee to the supper, by the spiritual partaking of the body Lord, and it be sin unto thee.” “ When thou and blood of Christ. « Neither circumcision cutiest down thy harvest in the field, and hast availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new forgotten a sheaf in the field, thou shall not go


again to fetch it. When thou beatest thine olivetion of the monstrous institution of slavery shows tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again. symptoms of being undermined, and its pillars of totWhen thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, tering. However faint these may be, the philanthrothou shalt not glean it afterward. It shall be pist and the Christian will fondly cherish them, and for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow.” pray to our common Father that he would en“If a stranger sojourn with thee, thou shalt not lighten us all to perceive, that on all occasions, vex him, but thou shalt love him as thyself; for there is an expediency even, in the claims of immuye know the heart of a stranger, for ye were

table Justice. strangers in the land of Egypt." In addition to all these merciful provisions, when a poor man alienated his patrimony, or sold himself into Stretching, as our country does, over such a servitude, he could do so only for a term of range of latitude and longitude, it is perhaps to be years; and when the year of jubilee arrived, expected that almost every season there may though the debt were unpaid, the debtor resumed occur in particular sections a deficiency in some his freehold and returned to the home of his of the crops. So far, however, as we are able to fathers. These laws banished from poverty all judge, the crops of wheat, oats and grass, have show of abjectness, and embraced the extremes of social life in a finely woven network of the been almost uniformly good, and although partial kindliest sympathies and charities. Nor does droughts have affected some neighbourhoods, the the whole period of Jewish history, prior to the prospect of Indian corn-onr great staple--is very Christian era, among its many records of apos- promising. General health prevails; and surely tacy and guilt, reveal a single trace of the disa prosperity should make us kindly affectioned one bilities, sufferings and unnatural crimes among towards another. the poor, which deform the annals of all other ancient nations.-N. American Review.

DIED,-On the 4th inst., with bronchial and

pulmonary consumption, at Laurens, Otsego Co., FRIENDS' REVIEW.

New York, GIDEON CORNELL, aged 45 years, a member of Butternuts Monthly Meeting.

Through a protracted illness, this dear friend PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 19, 1848. was enabled, by the power of divine grace, to beas

his sufferings with Christian patience and resigna. Our readers will learn from the Summary of tion; often expressing a desire 10 endure all for News, that Congress, in conformity with a resolu- Christ's sake, who died for him, and to experience tion some time previously come to, closed its sit-have to sufler. Having passed through much ex

perfect purity of soul, whatever the body might tings at 12, M., on Second day, the 14th inst., after ercise of mind, and being anxiously solicitous to a session of more than eight months. It is scarcely witness the great work of salvation accomplished, necessary on this occasion to advert to the high re- he was mercifully favoured toward the close, to sponsibilities attached to all bodies of this charac triumph over death and the grave; saying, they

had neither sting nor victory: and though he was ter, or to our own Senate and House of Representa- to pass through the valley and shadow of death, tives in particular. These are pretty well under- he feared no evil, for the rod and the staff comstood, and it ought to be but a liberal presumption, forted him. He expressed his thankfulness for that each Senator and Representative is desirous his sufferings, saying they were to finish the great

work, and he should go to sleep in Jesus. He conscientiously to discharge them, as in the sight gave much pathetic exhortation to those who were of Him who controls the destinies of nations, and with hiin, admonishing them to keep close to their for the best interests of our common country, divine Master, and be thus prepared to enter into which their position makes it more especially left to mourn as those who have no hope, but

his rest. His bereaved widow and friends are not their duty to guard and promote.

rather to rejoice in the evidence afforded of his final A Peace has happily been negotiated with acceptance through the mercy and merits of the Mexico; and long may the sword-if that period so

Redeemer. devoutly to be desired, when it shall be turned At his residence in Farnham, Canada East, into a ploughshare, is not yet to break upon our

on the 10th of last month, in the 47th year of his

age, David E. KNOWLES, a valuable member and country-rest, sheathed in its scabbard! We have minister of Farnham Monthly Meeting. Within come into possession of, and extended our jurisdic- the last ten years of his life, this Friend had traveltion over territories of uutold acres, including many led extensively in the exercise of his gift, though tribes of Indians, who should confidently look to he visited several of the Indian tribes, on the

under great bodily infirmity. About the year 1840, us for protection, and for instruction in the arts west of the Mississippi; and the meetings of and advantages of civilized life. Shall we disap- Friends in Ohio and Indiana. He afterwards paid point this reasonable hope? The action, in seve

a general visit to New England Yearly Meeting, ral particulars, of the Congress just closed, has and at a subsequent period visited the eastera declared, in no equivocal language, that the pros- and Nova Scotia. In the summer of last year,

parts of New England, besides New Brunswick peots of the slave are brightening-that the founda-after a partial recovery from a painful disease, be

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Again set out on an extensive journey through Ca- sincerely for help to Him of whom these Scripnada West, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Indiana tures testify, may not unfrequently, on such occaand Ohio. From this service he was favoured to sions, feel themselves enabled and engaged to return to his family and home, where in a few days open to the minds of their interesting charge, the afterwards he finished his course.

At Nantucket, on the morning of the 11th great truths of Christian duty, and Christian reinst., after a short illness, Zenas Gardnen, in the demption. 1815. P. E. eightieth year of his age. He was a member, and

The practice of frequent retirement in spirit, for many years an elder of Nantucket Monthly greatly assists us on our way to the kingdom of Meeting. His end was peaceful, and his friends heaven. If an impartial review of our conduct have the consolation of believing that his spirit, then takes place, and if the sincere and secret purified under trial, has, through redeeming mercy, petition is raised for Almighty help, we are led found a home with the just made perfect, where from an undue attachment to the ihings of this the wicked cease from troubling, and she weary life, and our hopes and dependence are increasare at rest. On the 3d inst., after a short illness, JACOB sacred truths of the Bible are ofien at such times

ingly placed upon our Holy Redeemer. The PARKER, of Rahway, N. J., in the 71st year of his

brought to remembrance with consolation and age.

strength. It is one among the many evidences ADVICES OF LONDON YEARLY MEETING. of the divine authority of Holy Scripture, that,

in the various ages of the Christian church, its (Continued from page 747.)

invaluable contents have produced in true beAmongst the numerous benevolent undertak. lievers a harmonizing sense of their blessed ings, which now interest the minds of our coun- effects. If in humility, and in reliance upon the trymen, we contemplate, with much satisfaction, Spirit which gave them forth, we are diligent in the general circulation of the Holy Scriptures. reading these sacred writings, we become inOur sense of that inestimable treasure has been creasingly sensible of their value. We are then frequently acknowledged ; and we feel ourselves prepared from our own experience to say that engaged to call the attention of such of our mem

they are able to make us wise unto salvation bers as may be employed in this salutary work, through faith in Christ Jesus; we readily subto the supreme importance of giving heed to that scribe to the truth of the position, that in order Divine Word, to which the Scriptures bear testi- to the accomplishment of this great end they mony. This Word is Christ; the “ Bread of need no human comment: and we are anxious Life,"** and the Light of men;" that “ Light that our fellow-men, in every region of the globe,

' which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.”+ If we are earnest to obey the teach- may possess and may be able to read the volume

of inspiration. 1825. P. E. ings of this unerring guide, we shall be led to cry

We are glad to know that the daily reading of to the Lord, that he would preserve us from self- the Holy Scriptures in the families of Friends, is exaltation; from attributing to ourselves or others, that honour which is due to Him alone : this practice may be observed by all our mem

so prevalent as it is, and we earnestly desire that we shall be on our guard lest we should mistake bers, and that those who neglect the performance our proper sphere of usefulness, or suffer any of it, would seriously consider the great injury pursuit, however laudable in itself, to divert us which they and their families suffer by, such from our true allotment of labour in the church. omission. The more we rightly know and comThis watchfulness unto prayer can alone ensure

prehend the truths of the Bible, the more we our growth in religious experience, and our estab- shall find that they contribute, under the power lishment in every good word and work. 1813. of the Holy Spirit, by their practical application P. E. It has afforded us much satisfaction to believe, forward in the way of life and salvation. We

to our moral and religious conduct, to lead us that the Christian practice of daily reading in therefore earnestly recommend to all, the dilifamilies a portion of Holy Scripture, with a sub

gent private reading of the sacred volume, in adsequent pause for retirement and reflection, is in- dition to the practice already alluded to. 1828. creasing amongst us. We conceive that it is both

P. E. the duty and the interest of those who believe in

In addition to the practice of the family-readthe doctrines of the Gospel, and who possess ing of the Holy Scriptures, the importance of the invaluable treasure of the sacred records, fre. which we deeply feel, be encouraged often to quently to recur to them for instruction and con- read them in private : cherish a humble and sinsolation. We are desirous that this wholesome

cere desire to receive them in their genuine imdomestic regulation may be adopted every where. Heads of families, who have themselves experi- all vain speculations upon unfulfilled prophecy.

port; and at the same time, dear friends, avoid enced the benefit of religious instruction, will do Forbear from presumptuously endeavouring to well to consider whether, in this respect, they determine the mode of the future government of bave not a duty to discharge to their servants the world, or of the church of Christ. Seek an and others of their household. Parents looking enlightened sense of the various delusions of our • Joho vi. 48.

f Ib. i. 4, 9. common enemy, to which we are all liable; ask

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