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of God that your meditations upon the sacred / watchful against being fretful herself. Nothing writings may be under the influence of the Holy is sooner caught, by those whose virtues are Spirit; their effect, when thus read, is to pro- feeble, than the language of complaint. If we mote an increase of practical piety, and the right indulge in it ourselves, how can we hope to supperformance of all our civil and religious duties, press it in our children? With what propriety and not to encourage vain and fruitless investiga. can we reprove them? Let us check in their tions. Remember, dear friends, that they are presence, every murmur that may rise to our "profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correc- lips, and teach them by our own cheerful mantion, for instruction in righteousness, that the ner, to walk with an open and admiring eye, man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnish- through the picture-gallery of life. ed unto all good works."'* And, whilst we fully Kind words, and affectionate epithets between acknowledge that “all scripture is given by in- children of the same family, are delightful. spiration of God," a view supported by sound Though the love of brothers and sisters, is plantand undeniable rational evidence, let us ever beared deep in the heart, and seldom fails to reveal in mind, that it is only through faith which is in itself on every trying emergency, yet its dereChrist Jesus that they are able to make wise lopements and daily interchange, ask the regulaunto salvation. As this precious faith is sought tion of parental care. Competitions should be for and prevails, the evidence of the Spirit of soothed, differences composed, and forbearance God in our hearts, most satisfactorily confirms required, on the broad principle of that fraternal our belief in the divine authority of these inesti- duty, which God has enjoined. mable writings, and increases our gratitude for In familiar conversation, examples might be the possession of them, and for the knowledge quoted from history, of the sweet exercise of of that redemption which comes by the Lord fraternal affection, where the softening influences Jesus. 1832. P. E.

of the Christian religion were unknown. Some

little listeners were once very pleasantly imHABIT.

pressed, by hearing the story of the love of the We all acknowledge the strength of habit. Emperor Titus, for his brother Domitian. It Its power increases with time. In youth, it may

was the more praise-worthy, because there was seem to us like the filmy line of the spider; in between them no congeniality of taste. Domiage, like the fly caught in its toils, we struggle tian often spoke unkindly to his brother, and in vain.

after his elevation to the throne, even attempted Can we be too attentive to the habits that our to instigate the army to rebellion. But Titus children form ? too assiduous that the virtues made no changes in his treatment. He would which we cherish in them, should have a deep not suffer others to mention him with disrespect. root in correct principle? We wish them to He ever spoke of him, as his beloved brother, become benevolent. The proper basis of their his successor to the empire. Sometimes, when benevolence, is sympathetic feeling, a desire for they were alone, he earnestly entreated him with the comfort and improvement of others, in con

tears, to reciprocate that love which he had formity to the command and example of their always borne him, and would continue to bear Heavenly Father.

him, to the end of life. This fraternal attache Forgelfulness of self, and that amiable temper ment, was the more affecting, because exemplified which at once ensures and imparts happiness, by a heathen, and partaking of the character of are not adverse to decision of character. On


precept of the religion of Jesus, to * render the contrary, their combination is natural, and good for evil,” which he could never have been necessary to produce high excellence. We are

taught. not told that the disciple who leaned on the

The deportment of the older children of the breast of his Master, was deficient in decision of family, is of great importance to the younger. character, but we know that he possessed more

Their obedience, or insubordination operates of those amiable virtues which engage affection, throughout the whole circle. Especially, is the than he who drew his sword, and smote the station of the eldest daughter, one of eminence. servant of the high-priest. The ardent tempera

She drank the first draught of the mother's lore. ment, which prompted the asseveration, though She usually enjoys most of her counsel, and I die with thee, I will not deny thee,” is allur companionship. In her absence, she is the ing; but John withstood the shock of tempta- natural viceroy. Let the mother take double tion, when Peter fell.

pains to form her on a correct model, to make To teach the science of self-government, is her amiable, diligent, domestic, pious, trusting the great end of education. Every hint, to as- that the image of those virtues, may leave in sist in promoting a correct balance of feeling, is pressions on the soft

, waxen hearts of the important to the mother. She will probably, younger ones, to whom she may, in the provisometimes, be annoyed, by a tendency to peevish- dence of God, be called to fill the place of a maness, in her little ones. Let her be doubly ternal guide.

Children should be required to treat domesties | Ib. iii. 15. with propriety. Those, on whom the comfort

2 Tim. iii. 16.



love for their memory.

of a family so essentially depends, are entitled to , how they had been educated, I found that the kindness and sympathy. The theory, that in- mother had kept them much with herself, during dustry, and good conduct are worthy of respect, the most plastic period of their existence, and in whatever rank they are found, cannot be too that the rules which she had given them, had early illustrated and enforced on the members of regulated her own conduct. · So, the quiet beauty a household.

of her example, and the influences of a happy Be careful to teach your children gratitude. fire-side, were the machinery which she had Lead them to acknowledge every favour that used, to render them amiable, benevolent and they receive. Accustom them to distinguish pious. with a marked regard, their instructors, and those A standard of good manners should be estabwho have aided them in the attainment of good- lished in the family circle. We appreciate the ness or piety.

value of such manners, in mixed society. They Filial love should be cherished. It has espe- are a letter of credit, in the hand of a stranger. cially, a softening and ennobling effect on the So much is every person subject to their fascinamasculine heart. It has been remarked that tion, that the unworthy study to acquire them, almost all illustrious men, haie been distinguished as a means of ensnaring their prey. Why by love for their mother.

should the wife, or the husband, lay aside those Gratitude is a principal ingredient in filial courtesies, which are associated, with the growth, affection. It often reveals itself in a most touch. perhaps, with the birth of their love ? Some ing manner, when parents moulder in the dust. writer has remarked that the cardinal duties are It induces obedience to their precepts, and tender claimed as rights, but the refined attentions, the

watchful kindnesses, which make the stream of In developing the character of our children, domestic life so sparkling, will ever rank as prelet us ever keep in view their distinct depart- cious favours, which it is ungenerous to omit. ments, sentient, social, intellectual, accountable ; | They ought not, indeed, to be omitted, were it and give nutriment, and exercise, to each. Let only for the sake of the children, whose eyes are us make them industrious, as a means of happi- ever fixed upon the parents, in the spirit of iminess, and a safeguard from temptation. The tation. value of time should be taught them, even of its Perhaps, we reflect too litile on the coursmallest particles. Sir Walter Scott

, in enforc. teousness of Jesus, our Master and Exemplar. ing the sentiment of Franklin, that “time is “When ye come into an house, said he, salute money,”, has well added, “ when we change a it.” We all know that the oriental modes of guinea, the shillings escape, as things of small salutation, involved much more of ceremony account; so when we break a day by idleness than our own. Still, the Saviour, who ever dein the morning, the rest of the hours lose their cried the giving of undue honour to men, sancimportance in our eyes.” But from the highest tions and enjoins them, at the entrance of every of all motives, that for our days, hours, and mo- dwelling. Neither are these marks of respect, to ments, we must give account to God, should we be reserved for those whom we best love, or

our children to improve their time, and most desire to conciliate. “ If ye salute your dread to waste it.

brethren only, what do ye more than others ? Mothers, whatever you

wish your children to Do not even the publicans so ?" The inference become, strive to exhibit in your own lives and is obvious, that all should be treated with respectconversation. Do not send them in to an unex- ful regard, as beings formed by the same Creator, plored country, without a guide. Put yourselves children of one great family, at their head. Lead the way, like Moses, through From his disciples, though not educated in rethe wilderness, to Pisgah. The most certain finement, or called from among the ranks of the mode for you to fix habils, is the silent ministry rich and noble, do we not receive the same inof example. Thus impressed on the young struction? Was it not a humble fisherman, who mind, amid the genial atmosphere of a happy inspired by the religion of the skies, said, “ be fire-side, they become incorporated with estab- courteous ?". The courtesy of a Christian, is no lished trains of thought, and with the elements trifling part of education. Mothers, teach it to

your children.-Sigourney's advice to mothers. I knew the children of a family, who seemed always amiable. Their countenances wore the sunshine of the heart. Among their young as

RAILROAD ITEMS. sociates, they were obliging and kind.' If there Among the important works in progress for were mischief or trouble in school, they had the transportation of passengers and merchandize neither“ part nor lot in the maiter.” Wherever on leading routes, the completion of which are they visited, not only their friends in the parlour, regarded as calculated to exercise an influence but the servants loved them, and wished them to on the trade of the country, the New York continue long their guests. Those who were Herald mentions the following: married, diffused throughout their households The Pennsylvania Railroad, from Philadelphia the spirit of order and happiness. On inquiring to Pittsburg, will probably be completed about


of being.

1852, when a perfect line of railroad may be Vergennes, in Vermont, crossing Vermont looked for from Buffalo to Pittsburg, a distance through Rutland and Charleston, into New of about 900 miles. From the present prospects Hampshire, connecting with the Fitchburg road of that road, it is anticipated that their cars will into Boston. run from Harrisburg to Lewistown before the The routes from Albany to Buffalo-now so close of the winter of 1848-'49, and with the greatly travelled by seekers of health and recreameans now at their command to connect with tion-are thus described in the New York Trithe Portage at Hollidaysburg, which with the bune of Monday: completion of the western fifteen miles, will give The lines of Railroads from Albany to Buffalo a continuous railroad communication between now do their work in excellent time. The train Philadelphia and Pittsburg, with the exception which leaves Buffalo at 8 A. M., is in Albany of fifty-five miles to be travelled by stages. about 6 the next morning—in ample season for

The citizens of Ohio have been making exer- the day boats to this city or the cars to Boston. tions to form a continuous railroad from the At- Leaving this city by boat at 7 P. M., you are lantic, through the fertile valleys of that State, to taken to Albany by 4 or 5 next morning ; breakthe distani West. One item of trade, which is fast and start by cars at 7's A. M., reach Utica considered tractable to this route, is the passage by 1 P. M., dine, and are taken to Syracuse of 50,000 cattle, a number that annually passes before 6 P. M., take tea, and proceed after a through Pennsylvania from Ohio. On this road, halt of forty minutes ; pass Auburn about 8; the West side of the mountain will be passed at Canandaigua at 11; Rochester from 1 A. M. to Sugar Run Gap by a tunnel of 760 yards long, half-past; Batavia about 4; and at 7, or a little and 160 feet below its apex.

later in the morning stop at Buffalo, breakfast, Two great chains of railroad are contemplated and are ready for steamboat up the lakes or cars through Ohio, towards which decided measures to the Falls at 9 A. M., having been 36 hours have been taken. The first and most forward in traversing the distance from New York 10 in its prospects, is that leading from Cincinnati, Buffalo, which (by route) is a little short of 600

a through Columbus, and thence eastward till it miles. The halts at all ihe principal places on touches the Ohio river, at some point where it the route are just sufficient; you have time to can connect with a railroad to the seaboard. eat, and are charged nothing for all the sleep you This road connects with the Cincinnati and can catch ; while the pace is quite as rapid as Sandusky road, which is already in operation as the state of the roads will justify. The present far as Xenia or Springfield, and passes through charge ($12) for a passage through is exorbitant, Columbus and Newark to the mouth of Licking but it is some consolation that a good part of the river. From this point, two routes present them- receipts are devoted to the much needed improveselves, one to Wheeling, through Zanesville, ment of the track. We are reliably assured and the other in a northeastern direction till it that the present rates will soon be reduced ma. strikes the river about Wellsville. The road, terially. Indeed, they must be; or the Erie for part of the distance, is in the hands of Railroad, when finished, will draw off a great organized companies, who will carry on the proportion of the travel. work by local means, until they come to the Another rival route to the Western half of the point of divergence.

great artery is already doing a handsome busiThe Hudson River Railroad will be completed ness, and it is destined to increase it. By this in the year 1850. The number of passengers you leave Buffalo at 9 A. M. for Niagara Falls, now passing, annually, on the river between New have two or three hours to devote to the great York and Albany, is about one million. It is wonder, dine at the Eagle or Cataract, (one of estimated that during the first year afier the com- the largest and best hotels in America,) take the pletion of the road, the increase will be half a cars to Lewiston, (the ride affords one of the million more.

finest views in the country ;) take the steamboat The Harlem and New Haven Railroad will for Oswego, where you arrive very early in the be completed during the autumn to Dover Plains, inorning, breakfast, and take packet for Syraeuse 82 miles from New York city, and 22 miles or stage (by Plank road) for Rome, having in East of the Hudson river.

either case a ride through a fine country and A line is now completed froin La Prairie, on heading by some hours the train which reaebes the St. Lawrence River to St. John. A con- Albany at 6 next morning. By this route you tinuation is in progress through Vermont, cross- are put back one train at present; but very soon ing the Hudson River between Glen's Falls and the railroad from Syracuse to Oswego will be Saratoga; from thence on the West side of the completed, and then travellers who leave this river to Albany. Another route is from St. John city at 7 P. M., will be taken to Oswego by 8 to Burlington ; thence crossing Vermont through next evening, then take boat and berth for LewisMontpelier into New Hampshire, and through ton, cars and breakfast at Niagara, and (if hurried) Plymouth, connecting with the Concord road, be in Buffalo early in the day, having made the which is a continuation of the Boston and journey hence to Lake Erie in forty hoars, Lowell road, at Franklin. Another route is to sleeping comfortably on steamboats both nights.

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They were in a state of vast perplexity. The The Moors prohibit the Christian and the wise Oolama had met early in the morning; it Jew from entering a mosque or other place con- was already noon, and yet so far from having secrated by the law of the Prophet, under pain got over their difficulty, they were in fact ex: of death, or embracing the faith of Islam. A actly where they had been before breakfast); droll instance of this occurred some years ago at when a grey bearded Mueddin who had hitherto Tangier.

been silent, craved permission to speak. The The clock of the Jaman Kebeer,' the great kaid and the kady nodded their assent. mosque at Tangier, being much out of order,

• If,' said the venerable priest, the mosque be needed some skilful craftsman to repair it. out of repair, and lime and bricks have to be None, however, of the • Faithful’ were compe- conveyed into the interior for the use of the matent to the task, nor could they even discover sons, do not asses carry those loads, and do not what part of the machinery was deranged, though they enter with their shoes on? many put forth their opinions with great poinp

You speak truly,' was the general reply. and authority ; amongst the rest one man gravely

• And does the donkey,' resumed the Mueddin, declared that a Jin, or evil genius, had in all believe in the one God, or in Mahomed the probability taken up his abode within the clock. Prophet of God ?' Various exorcisms were accordingly assayed,

No, in truth,' all replied.' suficient, as every true believer supposed, to have • Then,' said the Mueddin, let the Christian expelled a legion, yet all in vain; the clock con- go in shod as a donkey would do, and come out tinued dumb.

like a donkey. A Christian clock maker, “a Nazarene,' was

The argument of the Mueddin was unaninow the sole resource; and such a one fortu- mously applauded. In the character of a donkey, nately was sojourning in Tangier. He was from therefore did the Christian enter the Mahomedan Genoa, and of course a most pious Christian; temple, mended the clock-not indeed at all like how then were they, the faithful followers of the a donkey—but as such, in the opinion of the Prophet, to manage to en ploy him. The clock Faithful,' came out; and the great mosque of was fixed in the wall of the tower, and it was, of Tangier has never since needed another visit of course, a thing impossible to allow the Kaffer to the donkey to its clock.-Western Barbary: its defile the house of prayer by his sacrilegious Wild Tribes and Savage Animals. steps. The time-keeper Mockked reported the diffi

DUTY AND ADVANTAGES OF MENTAL CULculty to the kady; and so perplexed the grey

TIVATION. bearded dealer in law and justice by the intricacy of the case, that, after several hours of deep At the present time, when the diffusion of thought, the judge confessed he could not come knowledge is become an object of general attento a decision, and proposed to report upon the tion, and when efforts are being made, on an subject to the kaid, advising that a meeting of the extended scale, to carry the blessings of educalocal authorities should be called. • For, in tion into the lowest huts of poverty, does it not truth,' said the kady, • I perceive that the urgency become more peculiarly the duty of those who of this matter is great. Yes! I myself will ex- occupy a soniewhat higher station in society, to pound our dilemma to the kaid.'

direct their energies to the cultivation of the The kaid entered feelingly into all the difficulty mind, to the expansion of those intellectual of the case, and forth with summoned the other faculties, with which the great Author of our authorities to his porch, where various proposi- being has dignified his creature, man, and which tions were put forward by the learned members were undoubtedly bestowed upon him for great of the council.

and noble purposes, that he might employ them, One proposed to abandon the clock altogether; under the regulating influence of religious prinanother would lay down boards over which the ciple, to the praise of his Creator, and to the iminfidel might pass without touching the sacred provement of his species. floor; but this was held not to be a sufficient The pursuit of laudable and useful science, safeguard ; and it was finally decided to pull up appears to be fraught with results of no ordinary that part of the pavement on which the Kaffer importance; not only multiplying advantageous trod, and whitewash the walls near which he discoveries, but, by the acquirement of languages, passed.

facilitating communication between the most The Christian was now sent for, and told remote regions of the earth, and thereby graduwhat was required of him; and he was expressly ally preparing the way for the more complete commanded to take off his shoes and stockings fulfilment of the glorious promises of the gospel. on entering the Jaman. That I won't, said the Some persons object, and perhaps with too stout liule watchmaker ; • I never took them off much reason, that the acquisition of knowledge when I entered the chapel of the most Holy Vir- has frequently an injurious tendency upon the gin, and I won't take ihem off in the house of minds of young persons, who, imagining themyour Prophet.'

selves prodigies of literature, become inflated


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with vanity, and render themselves ridiculous that our annual expenditures will well nigh equal and disgusting. This may sometimes be the our revenues, and leave but little towards paying case, though it is not unlikely that persons who off the debt, with the addition of the millions of are vain of their intellectual attainmenis, would dollars in interest which must be paid annually. have been vain of something less honourable, We may safely assume that the whole debt will had their understandings been suffered to remain not be paid off in a less average period than unimproved. Let them only pursue their studies twelve and a half years, equivalent to 25 years' farther and farther, and they will find the fields equal instalments. This is a very favourable of science so continually extending, and in every supposition. Now, then, if the national debt path so many precursors, who have left their is

$150,000,000 puny achievements far behind, that they must 125 years' interest, which must be discover much greater reason to be astonished paid on it at 6 per cent., is 112,500,000 and abashed at their own comparative littleness and ignorance, than to flatter themselves that Whole amount which government they are wise.

must collect of the people, $262,500,000 Perhaps the best means of obviating the ob- But this is not all the people must Pay, as we jection would be to furnish a practical illustra- shall see if we examine the manner in which tion, that the acquisition of very important they pay it. branches of science, requires no abilities above The whole revenue is raised by duties charged the common level, and that diligent application on foreign goods, which the importer pays in and steady perseverance osten effect much more the first instance, and then cliarges upon the cost than the dazzling, but irregular flights of genius. of his goods, together with a profit on the duties, The increased pursuit of knowledge would and then sells to the jobber, who in turn charges naturally diminish the force of the temptation. a profit on the whole cost, including the duties

, By becoming less rare, it will appear more neces and sells to the retailer, who again charges his sary, and not so imposing. It will be worn as profit upon the whole, and sells to the consumer, an essential article of dress, of which propriety who foots the bill, paying all the cost, all the does not allow the neglect, rather than as an or- duties, and all the profits charged upon each. nament to glitter and to dazzle.

What, then, will it cost the good hard-working But the good of mankind in general, is not people (for the tax being upon articles consuned, the only advantage resulting from study. It in- nine-tenths of it will come out of the labouring vigorates the tone of the mind, and, next to the classes) to pay off these glory bills ? restraints of religion, furnishes the best pre- Whole' debt,

$150,000,000 servative of virtue, by providing a sober and 121 years' simple interest at 6 per rational entertainment for those hours of leisure,

cent., is

112,500,000 which might otherwise be passed in the tumult of dissipation, or lost in the inanity of idleness.

$262,500,000 And certainly, to those who are, by wise regu- Add then one-third for the manner lations, excluded from the amusements of the gay, in which the tax is paid, that is, it would be highly desirable to become in some for the profits paid the merchant, 87,500,000 degree qualified to enjoy the society of the cultivated and intelligent. Memoirs of Maria Fox.


We then have the clever sum of 350 MILLIONS DEBT FROM THE MEXICAN WAR.

OF DOLLARs, which at the lowest calculation, the

people will be compelled to pay!! And this A widely circulated article on this subject, enormous taxation is not to be assessed on prefrom the pen of Prof. Amasa Walker, has points perty, but upon mouths and backs; and the man so strong, and so well put to the common sense who has the most mouths to feed, and backs to of the people, that we cannot refrain from clothe, has to pay the most of the debt; not quoting the substance :

the man who has the most real estate, and “ The debt of the United States arising from stocks, and money!! the Mexican war, when finally funded, cannot Now, let us see how large an invoice of probe less than 150 millions of dollars. All concur duce and labour would be required to bring the in this estimate, as the lowest that can be rea- dollars to pay with. Say then, sonably entertained. This debt cannot be paid 1 million wagon loads of wheat, 50 off at once.

Our national expenditures will be, bu. each, 50,000,000 bu., at 75 C., for a long series of years, greatly augmented by which is as much as the farmer this war. Our army has been much enlarged, gets on an average,

$37,500,000 and a host of officers have received appoint- 2 million loads of Indian corn, 50 bu. ments, and a large pension list has been created. each, 100,000,000 bu., at 40 c. 40,000,000 A long and dangerous frontier will require a 1 million load of oats, 70 bu. each, military force hitherto unknown in this country. 70,000,000 bu., at 30 c.

21.000.000 The consequence of all this will necessarily be,' 1 million fat hogs, at $15 each 15,000,000

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