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500,000 fat cattle, at $30 each $15,000,000 This interesting incident causes both pleasing 500,000 bales cotton, at $40 20,000,000 and painful reflections. It is gratifying to see 10 million pounds tobacco, at 10 cts. 1,000,000 the respect paid to genuine manhood in the 200 million yards cotton cloth, at
midst of a slave-holding community. Here is a 10 cts.
20,000,000 colored man, and one who had been a slave, but 2 million yards woollen cloth, at $3 6,000,000 who had manifested energy, intelligence, and 20 million pairs of shoes, large and
integrity. The degrading colour is overlooked ; small, at $1
20,000,000 his former servitude is forgotten, or remembered 2 million pairs boots, $3
6,000,000 only to increase respect for the self-emancipa80 million HARD Days' work by la
ted. All unite in whole-souled expressions of bourers on buildings, land, rail
esteem for the man. roads, &c., at $1 a day
80,000,000 This tribute to genuine manhood is beautiful 20 millions of do. by mechanics, $1.50 30,000,000 indeed; but how painful the thought that a man, 60 millions of do. by labouring women
and such a man, one whose manliness has comas domestics in families, 30 cts. 18,000,000 manded admiration, should be obliged to leave 20 millions of do. by women in fac
one of the States of our Union, and obliged to tories, by sempstresses, and the
leave for a cause, too, which gives him additionlike, 40 cts. per day
8,000,000 al claim to esteem. Crowds of friends was he 3 million do. by seamen, $1 3,000,000 surrounded by, friends endeared by years of ac5 million gallons oil, different quality,
quaintance : dear to him were the scenes of his 80 cts.
4,000,000 childhood, but all must be abandoned. He is a fa500,000 quintals fish, $3
1,500,000 ther, and desires the true welfare of his children. 100,000 doz. hats, $40
4,000,000 He cannot bear the thought that the minds en
trusted to his care, should grope through life in
$350,000,000 the darkness of ignorance. He therefore leaves So much of the produce and labour of the his native State, which, through her laws, denation will be required to settle up this a little clares that the light kindled by the Creator shall war” with Mexico, for the recovery of a debt of not shine, and seeks a home in a distant portion two or three millions of dollars ! But all this of the country ; where a father does not become will not "settle up" the misery, the demoraliza- a violater of law, for seeking to educate his lion, the national dishonour of this war!" children.
We regret, for Georgia's sake, her loss of such
a man, and we trust that in Pennsylvania he THE SELF EMANCIPATED. The Rochester American, in a letter from will find such cordiality of reception, and such Augusta, Ga., gives the following noble instance aid in accomplishing hiš noble plans for the edof man struggling to be free.
ucation of his children, as will leave him no “The talk of the town to-day is the depar
cause to lament his departure from his native ture of Frank Shadwick, a self emancipated soil.- Louisville Examiner slave, his wife and children, to seek a more congenial home in the State of Pennsylvania. This
TRUE AND FALSE ZEAL. slave, who is a native of this beautiful city, be- Let us take heed we do not sometimes call that gan his work of emancipation by purchasing his zeal for God and his gospel, which is nothing time from year to year, at about $100 per an- else but our own tempestuous and stormy pasnum—the usual hire of a good servant. Possess- sion. True zeal is a sweet, heavenly and gening great energy and much intelligence, with tle flame, which maketh us active for God, but perfect integrity, he could both oversee other always within the sphere of love. It never calls slaves and labour well himself, and very justly for fire from heaven to consume those that differ commanded his wages. His surplus earnings a little from us in their apprehensions. It is soon bought him horses and drays, and enabled like that kind of lightning which the philosohim to hire good servants of such as had them phers speak of, that melts the sword within, but to spare. Thus established in business, in the singeth not the scabbard; it strives to save the course of 15 years he had money enough to buy soul but hurteth not the body. True zeal is a himself at about $1,000, to pay a larger sum for loving thing, and makes us always active to edifihis wife and children, and take to Harrisburg cation, and not to destruction. If we keep the three or four thousand dollars besides. Some ten fire of zeal within the chimney, in its own proor twelve of the first men in Augusta united in per place, it never doth any hurt; it only warmgiving him a letter of high commendation. It eth, quickeneth, and enliveneth us; but if once was with pain and reluctance that Frank left his we let it break out, and catch hold of the thatch troops of friends and the scenes of his childhood. of our flesh, and kindle our corrupt nature, and The only motive was the lawful education of set the house of our body on fire, it is no longer his children-an advantage denied them by the zeal, it is no heavenly fire, it is a most destruclaws of Georgia.”
tive and devouring thing.
directly extending the Missouri Compromise line
to the Pacific ocean, was adopted; yeas 33, nays Youth is the time for thought,
21. The bill as amended was finally passed, yeas When quick is feeling's thrill,
33, nays 22. On the 11th it again came up in the And sad experience has not brought
House. The Senate amendment, giving the terri-
torial governor the veto power, was negatived by
a vote of 92 to 106. The Missouri Compromise Alone can guide thy steps aright.
amendment was also negatived, 85 to 121. A Youth is the time to mould
committee of conference was appointed by the iro The character for heaven;
Houses, upon the Civil and Diplomatic AppropriaEre yet the plastic mind grow's cold,
tion Bill, The House having stricken out a great The impress should be given.
number of the Senate amendments. Among the And the fair seal of spotless truth,
items thus stricken out, was one providing for pay. And future bliss, be set in youth.
ment for the Amistad' negroes. The Oregon bill
finally passed the Senate, on the 12th, as it came Youth is the time to trace
from the other house, without the Missouri CoroThe page of science o’er,
promise, by a vote of 29 to 25; it has been signed Ere years with blighting cares efface
by the President, and is now the law of the land. The thirst for ancient lore;
Congress closed at noon on Second day last, the To throng the memory with a store
14th inst. Of knowledge varied, rich and pure.
BUFFALO CONVENTION.- :- The National Free Terri. Youth is the time to love;
tory Convention met at Buffalo on the 9th inst. It Then feeling knows no rust,
was very large, and the proceedings were chaAffection's purity to prove,
racterized by much enthusiasm. Chas. F .Adams, Its deep and fervent trust;
of Boston, (son of J. Q. Adams,) was appointed To feel the sympathy which binds
President. Martin Van Buren was nominated for Congenial hearts and kindred minds.
President, and Charles F. Adams for Vice Presi. Youth is the time to weep,
dent of the United States. Resolutions were For sorrow then is brief,
adopted, declaring it to be the duty of the General And the elastic spirits keep
Government to abolish slavery wherever it had the No cankering mark of grief.
constitutional power; declaring slavery in the There is less bitterness in tears,
states to be solely under the control of state are Shed in the dawn of early years.
thority, and that slavery in the territories should
be prevented by combined action.
Mexico.-It appears that the Government forees
under Bustamente have totally defeated ihe army Its skies are clear and bright;
of Paredes, and that the rebellion is effectually Its every hope a promise is,
crushed. The celebrated Father Jarauta, seeca] And fancy's dreams are all of bliss.
in command under Paredes, was taken and shot. Youth is the time to pray,
EUROPE.—The steamship Acadia left Liverpool To commune with the sky,
on the 28th ult., and arrived at Boston on the 13th, Till all earth's glories fade away,
bringing intelligence about one week later than In that communion high.
heretofore received. The very excited and critical 'Tis then the spirit wins a power,
stale of Ireland, appears to be the absorbing theme Which nerves it for its trial hour.
of interest in England. The habeas corpus act
has been suspended, so far as regards Irelaci. Youth is the time to die,
The scene in the House of Commons on the 22! When all things brightly bloom,
ult., when Lord John Russell moved for leave to To turn away without one sigh,
bring in a bill for that purpose, is said to have been And tread the lonely tomb; Ard leaning on the Saviour's breast,
one of the most exciting ever witnessed. The ar. In hope and trust to sink to rest.
guments of the minister, and the state of things in Ireland, enabled him to carry the convictions of almost the whole House with him. The bill passed
the House of Lords on the 24th, and received the SUMMARY OF NEWS.
Royal assent on the 25th. The Government is
continually augmenting the military, and is eviCongress.—On the 10th, the Oregon bill, from dently determined to repress every outbreak the House, came up in the Senate, with the pro- among the Irish... France is represented as being posed amendments noticed in our last. Senator tolerably tranquil, and Paris as resuming some Webster made a short speech, opposing the Mis- thing of its wonted appearance of life and business souri Compromise preamble. He declared that he They are sadly puzzled to know what to do with would vote for the bill as it came from the House, the vast number of prisoners taken during the late but if amended as proposed, he should vote against
insurrection. it. He would oppose the further extension of slavery, and the increase of slave representation in Congress, at all times, under all circumstances, F A Friend residing near this city, wishes to against all inducements, against all combinations, engage a female teacher in his family. Apple and against all compromises. After a long debate, tion may be made, by letter or otherwise, to Josah an amendment, moved by Douglass of Illinois, Tatum, 50 north Fourth street.
A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.
PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 26, 1848.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
as though they had none, and they that bought
as though they possessed not. Published Weekly by Josiah Tatum, Perhaps it may not be inappropriate in this No. 50 North Fourth Street,
place, earnestly to recommend our young friends PHILADELPHIA.
to cultivate an acquaintance with our writers of Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six done, their taste may be disciplined-their
the latter part of the 17th century. As this is copies for ten dollars. This paper is subject to newspaper postage only. judgments matured and strengthened, and their
minds mercifully prepared for the reception of For Friends' Review,
the good seed of the kingdom. Thus, being EVIL SPEAKING.
preserved—and a great favour it is to be pre
served from the many frivolous, and worse than William Crouch was born in Hampshire, in useless publications, that are thrust into our very the south of England, in 1628; and was one of doors and windows, they will be qualified to disthose whom the Lord prepared in the early tinguish the realities from the illusions of life, period of our Society, to stand as living wit- and dwelling as we do in a souih land, in our nesses to the excellency of his free grace, and to ceiled houses, they may draw a useful lesson raise the voice of warning against the oppres- from the contrast between their situation, and sions and ceremonies of that highly professing that of our early Friends, who were so frequently age. When about eight and twenty years old, called upon to uphold their doctrines and testihe “came to be, in some measure, convinced of monies, at the expense of their personal liberty, the everlasting truth of God, revealed and made their worldly possessions, and, in some instances, known to a despised people called Quakers." of even their lives. It pleased the Lord to place his sins in order Appended to the Memoirs alluded to above, is before him, and clearly to show him his “ woful a preface written by Richard Claridge, in which state and condition,” and that " salvation is only I find some remarks on the subject placed at the in and through Christ Jesus, the gift of God, and head of this communication, that appear to me light of the world, given of the Father for a well worth the space they will occupy in the Saviour unto the ends of the earth.” Under columns of the Review. I do not by any means these exercises and convictions, he was greatly send them because I apprehend the subscribers humbled and contrited before the Lord, and his to this paper are particularly at fault, in the vice will was in good measure reduced into subjec- of evil speaking, nor because I am so blind as to tion to the law of Righteousness. In acquies-look upon my own hands, and flatter myself cence with the Divine will concerning him, he that I see them unsoiled. could say, “ let not thine eye pity, nor thy hand While a watch-word may injure none, it may spare, but in and through Christ Jesus, the only prove salutary to some who may be in danger of mediator and Saviour, give me favour with thee, forming the habit of dwelling rather upon the and life eternal, whatever it cost :" and for our failings of others, than seeking to discover their encouragement, he adds, “ the Lord heard me, own, and build against their own houses. It is and delivered me.'
certainly not indicative of a Christian spirit for William Crouch died in 1710, “in a good old any—particularly brethren of the same houseage,” says Richard Claridge, “an old man and hold of faith—to be found busily endeavourfull of years, rich in faith, fruitful in good works, ing to pull each other down, and instead of and replenished with hopes of enjoying a blessed cherishing a disposition to commend the good in eternity."
others, be striving to search out only the evil In the 11th volume of Friends Library, may and putting the worst possible or even a forced be found the Memoirs of William Crouch, detail- construction upon all we can find that does not ing, in a few pages, much of the experience and coincide with our own prejudiced views. Defatravail of the burden-bearers of that day, when mation is an odious vice, totally incompatible indeed they appeared to be sensible that the time with the meekness and humility of one who is was short; that they that had wives, should be sensible of his own short comings, and hence,
dwells under the conviction, that to him belong tions which he hath laid down for the prerenblushing and confusion of face.
tion and cure of it. Our Book of Discipline says, what every one 1. “Never say any evil of a man, but what must know is true, that the “manifest tendency" you certainly know.– He that easily credits an of detraction“ is to lay waste the unity of the ill report, is almost as faulty as the first inventer body, by sowing the seeds of dissension, strife, of it: for though you do not make, yet you and discord among brethren and neighbours, as commonly propagate, a lie. Therefore never well as to unfit those who either propagate or speak evil of any upon common fame, which for listen to evil reports, for being of that service to the most part is false; but almost always uncerthe persons reflected upon, which they might be, tain whether it be true or not. if the order prescribed by our blessed Lord to 2. “ Before you speak evil of any man, conhis church, was strictly observed.” We find in sider whether he hath not obliged you by some the London Book of Discipline, an extract from real kindness, and then it is a bad return to speak the printed Epistle of 1804, which discourages ill of him, who hath done us good. evil speaking in very strong terms. “ O the 3. “Let us accustom ourselves to pity the precious care that attends the mind in which faults of men, and to be truly sorry for them, Christian charity is become habitual.
and then we shall take no pleasure in publishing The mind in which it dwells, ascribes its own them. This, common humanity requires of us, preservation, and the cleansing of its former sins, considering the great infirmities of human nature, to the unbounded love of God in Christ Jesus ; and that we ourselves also are liable to be and it prays that all may partake of the same tempted. benefit. How opposite that disposition, which 4. “Whenever we hear any man erilly delights to report evil, and to accuse! Shun it, spoken of, if we know any good of him, let us dear friends, as the poison of asps.”
say that. It is always the more humane and William Penn, in his Reflections and Maxims the more honourable part, to stand up in the —a sterling little book by the way, in which, defence and vindication of others, than to accuse when I was a boy, we used frequently to read and bespatter them. at school-declares that " charity makes the - They that will observe nothing in a best construction of things and persons, and is wise man, but his oversights and follies ; nothing so far from being an evil spy, a backbiter, or a in a good man, but his failings and infirmities; detractor, that it excuses weakness, extenuates may make a shift to render a very wise and good miscarriages, makes the best of every thing, for- man very despicable. If one should heap gives every body, serves all, and hopes to the together all the passionate speeches, all the forend." It is, says he, “a universal remedy ward and imprudent actions of the best man; all against discord, and a holy cement for mankind. that he had said or done amiss in his whole life, It is love to God and the brethren.” If this and present it all at one view, concealing his divine virtue were more diffused among the pro- wisdom and virtue ; the man in this disguise fessors of Christianity, we should doubtless would look like a madman or a fury : and yet “mind piety more than controversy, and exer- if his life were fairly reported, and just in the cise love and compassion instead of censuring same manner as it was led, and his many and and persecuting one another, in any manner great virtues set over against his failings and inwhatsoever."
Z. firmities, he would appear to all the world to be
an admirable and excellent person. There is, says Richard Claridge, an error that 5. “ That you may not speak ill of any, do should be cautioned against, and that is, when not delight to hear ill of them. Give no counsome men are not so good as they should be, to tenance to busy bodies, and those that love to catch at any story, though ever so groundless, talk of other men's faults. that reflects upon those who are better than 6. “ Let every man mind himself, and his themselves; and thereby endeavour, as arch. own duty and concernment. Do but endeavour bishop Tillotson observes, “to bring men to a in good earnest to mend thyself, and it will be level, hoping it will be some justification of them, work enough for one man, and leave thee but if they can but render others as bad as them- little time to talk of others. selves.”
7. “ And lastly, let us set a watch before the Add to this another passage of his, “ Men door of our lips, and not speak but upon conlook with an evil eye upon the good that is in sideration : I do not mean to speak finely, but others, and think that their reputation obscures fitly; especially when thou speakest of others, them, and that their commendable qualities do consider of whom, and what thou art going to stand in their light; and therefore they do what speak: use great caution and circumspection in they can to cast a cloud over them, that the this matter; look well about thee, before thy bright shining of their virtues may not scorch words slip from thee; which when they are them.”
once out of thy lips, are for ever out of thy And because evil speaking is become almost power." an epidemical fault, take these rules and direc- The reducing of these rules to practice, con
For Friends' Review.
tinues R. Claridge, would be an especial means to want of room in them, being ill suited to their purge out that leaven which sours conversation ; accommodation, he solicited permission of his and renders it so dangerous and unsociable. friend, the late pious Samuel Emlen, to occupy
I should have had no occasion to mention part of a square of ground owned by him in the them here, but because the tongues of some men south-western section of Philadelphia, with buildrun into that unbridled liberty, as to spare ings for the residence of the neutrals. The grant neither the living nor the dead.
being promptly made, Benezet proceeded to collect subscriptions, and was soon enabled to purchase materials and erect a sufficient number of
small houses, to which they were immediately THE ACADIANS.
removed. The supply from the public treasury (Concluded from page 741.)
ceasing on their change of situation, he was The victims of the dreadful policy of the pro- obliged to devise modes of employment for them vincial councils were widely dispersed over this to procure a livelihood ; and among various occontinent. Some ultimately joined their country- cupations, to which he directed their attention, men in Louisiana-others adopted the precarious was the manufacture of wooden shoes and linsey life of the hunter and trapper in the far West, cloth; the material for the composition of the while a few, pining for the pleasant lands of their latter article, was principally obtained by their childhood, attempted to return from Georgia and gathering rags from the streets of the city, which the Carolinas to Acadie, but were arrested in they washed, and otherwise prepared for the Massachusetts, and dispersed amongst the towns purpose. In addition to the personal services of that province. About 500 of the wanderers thus rendered, he paid out of his small income reached Philadelphia. We take from Vaux's annuities to several of the most ancient and helpMemoirs of Anthony Benezet the narrative of less. It is related of him, among other proofs of their reception.
his kindness toward them, that his wife, having The 'melancholy story of their sufferings, made unsuccessful search for a pair of blankets would have awakened compassion in the most which she had recently purchased for the use of obdurate heart, and intensely acute must have the family, came into the room where her husbeen the feelings of Benezet, when introduced band was writing, and expressing some surprise to the knowledge of their dreadful fate. He, at as to what could have become of them, his attenonce adopted them as his children, and proceeded tion was arrested, and when he understood the to einploy every exertion in his power to soften cause of her uneasiness, Oh! (said he) my the rigour of their condition. As he was enabled dear, Igave them some evenings since, to one of to converse with them in their own language, it the poor neutrals.' Thus, for several years he facilitated their necessary intercourse with the devoted himself to the advancement of the inhabitants, whilst it was a circumstance that interests of those people, who by death, and recould not but have mitigated their sorrows, since moval to different places, were ultimately reduced they had found in him, not only a friend who to a very small number. Such was his assiduity yielded them all the comfort and consolation he and care of them, that it produced a jealousy in could bestow, but an interpreter, who was quali- the mind of one of the oldest men among them, fied and willing to hear, and make known the of a very novel and curious description ; which history of their afflictions. On their disembarka- was communicated to a friend of Benezet's, to tion, the neutrals were taken charge of by the whom he said : . It is impossible that all this conservators of the poor, and conveyed to a kindness is disinterested; Mr. Benezet must building which had been occupied as a lodging certainly intend to recompense himself by for soldiers. Many of them were labouring treacherously selling us.'
When their patron under disease, some were enfeebled by their and protector was informed of this ungrateful crowded condition, and the scanty fare of the suspicion, it was so far from producing an passage; others were disconsolate in consequence emotion of anger, or an expression of indignaof being separated from their nearest connexions, tion, that he lifted up his hands, and laughed imwhilst all were dejected with the striking reverse moderately.” of their former comforts and independence. How touchingly this narrative illustrates the Though the funds for their support were for a truly Christian character of Anthony Benezet! time supplied from the public purse, Anthony Who can refrain from contrasting him while enBenezet undertook to provide for their sub- gaged in this work of mercy, with the instigator sistence, in the purchase and distribution of of that policy from which so much suffering reevery thing which they required. To the sick sulted ? Not more forcibly does the course of and dying, he administered relief, so long as the one, portray the desperate wickedness of the human exertion was availing, or could hope for unregenerate heart, than the devotedness of the success, and when death terminated the suffer- other exhibits the beauty of that greatest of ings of any of them, he would perform the last Christian virtues, charity that never faileth. office of respect to their remains. The incon- Another reflection may not be without its use. -venient construction of the barracks, as well as The principal events which have been related,