Essay on the Construction of School-houses: To which was Awarded the Prize Offered by the American Institute of Instruction, August, 1831
Hilliard, Gray, Little and Wilkins, 1832 - 66 σελίδες
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according advantage afforded allowed American amount annual arrangement attend benches black boards Board Board of Directors body Boston breathe building called changes cities classes closed Committee common confined Constitution construction contain convenient desks direction doors duty effects eight entries equal exercise experience facts feet feet wide five floor four furnished gallons give half heat hour hundred importance inches Institute instructer keep kind least length less light lower manner Massachusetts means meeting minute mode natural necessary objects observed occupy offered pass person platform present President produced proper proposed pupils receive regard render rows scholars school-houses school-room seat separate side single society sometimes space square stove studies sufficient teacher teaching thousand tion usually ventilation vital walls whole WOODBRIDGE
Σελίδα 58 - Constitution may be adopted at any regular meeting. 2. This Constitution may be altered or amended by a vote of two...
Σελίδα 50 - ... confined to the present generation. but must be entailed upon posterity. In remarking upon this subject, as long ago as 1832, it was said by the board of censors of the American Institute of Instruction, that ' if we were called upon to name the most prominent defect in the schools of our country; that which contributes most. directly and indirectly, to retard the progress of public education, and which most loudly calls for a prompt and thorough reform. it would be the want of spacious and convenient...
Σελίδα 57 - ... society, with authority to devise and carry into execution such measures as may promote its objects. It shall be their duty to appoint some suitable person to deliver an address before the Institute, at their annual meeting ; to select competent persons to serve on Standing Committees, or to deliver lectures, on such subjects relating to education as they may deem expedient and useful...
Σελίδα 56 - For dishonorable or immoral conduct, a member may be dismissed from the society, by a vote of two thirds of the members present, at any regular meeting. 6. Ladies, engaged in the business of instruction, shall be invited to hear the annual address, lectures, and reports of committees on subjects of Education.
Σελίδα 57 - The Recording Secretary shall notify all meetings of the society, and of the Board of Directors ; and he shall keep a record of their transactions.
Σελίδα 40 - How many asthmatic and fatal lung complaints arise from this single cause. In looking back upon the languor of fifty years of labor as a teacher, reiterated with many a weary day, I attribute a great proportion of it to mephitic air ; nor can 1 doubt that it has compelled many worthy and promising teachers to quit the employment. Neither can 1 doubt, that it has been the great cause of their subsequent sickly habits, and untimely decease.
Σελίδα 57 - Institute, and shall render an accurate statement of all his receipts and payments annually, and whenever called upon by the Board of Directors, to whom he shall give such bonds for the faithful performance of his duty, as they shall require. He shall make no payment, except by order of the finance committee of the Board.
Σελίδα 6 - Hundreds of rooms are so small that ihe pupils have not, upon the average, more than five or six square feet of surface each ; and here they are obliged to sit, breathing impure air, on benches often not more than six or eight inches wide, and without backs. Many of these benches are so high that the children's feet cannot reach within several inches of the floor. Thus suspended, between the heavens and the earth, they are compelled to remain motionless for an hour or an hour and a half together.
Σελίδα 6 - Few, indeed, of the numerous school-houses in this country are well lighted. Fewer still are painted, even on the outside. Play-grounds, for common schools, are scarcely known. Hence the pupils are obliged to play in the road, exposed to every attendant danger, both physical and moral. Nor are the internal arrangements more favorable. There is much suffering from the alternation of heat and cold, and from smoke. The feet of children have even sometimes been frozen. Too many pupils are confined to...