History of Civilization in England, Τόμος 2

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Περιεχόμενα

Eff of this expulsion in impoverishing Spain
52
His natural disposition was towards deduction
55
In 1700 when affairs were at their worst the Austrian dynasty
62
Who endeavoured to improve the country by weakening the Church 6870
68
Government attempted to remedy this ignorance by calling in for
77
The influence of foreigners in Spain was displayed in the expulsion
86
Still Charles III effected great improvements from which on a
92
Summary of what was accomplished for Spain by the government
100
In the nineteenth century political reformers again endeavoured
106
Nothing can weaken superstition but knowledge
112
CHAPTER II
123
Irish invasion of Scotland
129
The injuries which these invasions inflicted upon Scotland stopped
135
Evidence of the scanty population of the Scotch towns 141144
141
The municipal element being thus imperfect the only ally which
147
CHAPTER III
155
But his policy failed because it was opposed by the operation
157
Their power however was too deeply rooted to be shaken and
163
As the nobles took the opposite side and as the people had no influ
169
In 1546 Cardinal Beaton was assassinated and Knox began his
175
Immediately this revolution was completed the nobles and
183
Morton who was at the head of the nobility became enraged at
188
The nobles thinking that they ought to have it took it into their
189
Struggle between the upper classes and the clergy respecting episco
194
Their leader Melville personally insulted the king and they were
201
His cruel treatment of them 210212
210
Hence in the seventeenth century secular interests were neglected
268
They asserted that miracles were wrought in their behalf and often
285
With the same object they propounded notions more horrible still
297
To prevent such imaginary sins the clergy made arbitrary regula
309
But the clergy by denouncing these pleasures of the senses do what
316
CHAPTER VI
323
The truth however was that the theological spirit had taken such
325
The whole of the Scotch pbilosopby physical as well as metaphysi
331
Its method 337340
337
His Theory of Moral Sentiments and his Wealth of Nations
344
Humes philosophy 360373
360
Hence his injustice to Bacon whose method was diametrically
366
Reids philosophy 373383
373
Opposition between the method of Reid and that of Bacon
382
The laws of heat
383
His method was deductive and does not come under any of the rules
390
Black therefore did immense service by giving free scope to
401
German geology founded by Werner 407408
407
by heat
411
By this means he made a large number of curious physiological dis
413
Assuming however for the purposes of classification that the ore sa ganic world is fundamente into physiology and parohn Hunter
419
He refused to inquire into the trath of the principles from which
427
Long after his death this inference was corroborated by the progress
439
As a physiologist he was equalled or excelled by Aristotle but
445
This is the more observable because his discoveries respecting dis
451
Notwithstanding this difference the deductive method was supreme
458

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Δημοφιλή αποσπάσματα

Σελίδα 34 - This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands, — This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England...
Σελίδα 352 - The uniform, constant, and uninterrupted effort of every man to better his condition, the principle from which public and national, as well as private opulence is originally derived, is frequently powerful enough to maintain the natural progress of things toward improvement, in spite both of the extravagance of government, and of the greatest errors of administration.
Σελίδα 352 - Parsimony, and not industry, is the immediate cause of the increase of capital. Industry, indeed, provides the subject which parsimony accumulates. But whatever industry might acquire, if parsimony did not save and store up, the capital would never be the greater.
Σελίδα 365 - Upon the whole, I have always considered him, both in his lifetime and since his death, as approaching as nearly to the idea of a perfectly wise and virtuous man as perhaps the nature of human frailty will permit.
Σελίδα 344 - Our continual observations upon the conduct of others, insensibly lead us to form to ourselves certain general rules concerning what is fit and proper either to be done or to be avoided.
Σελίδα 34 - This land of such dear souls, this dear, dear land, Dear for her reputation through the world, Is now leas'd out, I die pronouncing it, Like to a tenement, or pelting farm...
Σελίδα 370 - Here, then, is the only expedient from which we can hope for success in our philosophical researches : to leave the tedious, lingering method, which we have hitherto followed ; and, instead of taking, now and then, a castle or village on the frontier, to march up directly to the capital or centre of these sciences, to human nature itself, which being once masters of, we may everywhere else hope for an easy victory.
Σελίδα 352 - With regard to profusion, the principle which prompts to expense is the passion for present enjoyment; which, though sometimes violent and very difficult to be restrained, is in general only momentary and occasional. But the principle which prompts to save is the desire of bettering our condition, a desire which, though generally calm and dispassionate, comes with us from the womb, and never leaves us till we go into the grave.
Σελίδα 353 - ... led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was no part of it.
Σελίδα 364 - In opposition to this narrow and malignant opinion, I will venture to assert, that the increase of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours...

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