Ans. 19170000 2. Divide 379432675 by 6500. Ans. 5837415 6300 3. Divide 421400000 by 49000. Ans. 8600 4. Divide 11659112 by 89000 Ans. 131 89000 5. Divide 9187642 by 9170000. 17642 MORE EXAMPLES. Divisor. Dividend. Remains. 125000)4362500001 Quotient.) 0 120000 149596478( 76478 901000)6543472307 221230 720000) 9876540001 534000 CASE III. (Short Division is when the divisor does not exceed 12. RULE. Consider how many times the divisor is contained i the first figure or figures of the dividend, put the resuk. under, and carry as many tens to the next figure as there Divide every figure in the same manner till the whole is finished. EXAMPLES. Divisor. Dividend. 2) 113415 3)85494 4)39407 5)94379 Quotient 56707_1 6)120616 7)152715 8)96872 9)118% are ones over. 11)6986197 12)14814096 12)570196282 Contractions in Division. When the di isor is sucn a number, that any two fig. ures in the Tabte, being multiplierf together will procuce it, divide the gi en dividend by one of these figures; the quotient thence arising by the other; and the last quo. tient will be the ariswer. Noir. The total remander is found by multiriving the last emainder by the best divisor, and adding in the first remainder. 63 22587 2258=8 first rem. +2 True Quotient 225895 True rein. 65 2. Divide 178464 by 16. Ans. 11154 3. Divide 467412 by 24. Ans. 1947511 4. Divide 942341 by 35. Ans. 269244 5. Divide 79638 by 36. Ans. 2212 6. Divide 144872. by 48. Ans. 30183 7. Divide 937387 by 54. Ans. 173595 8. Divide 93975 by 84. Ans. 111865 9. Divide 145260 by 108. Ans. 1345 10. Divide 1575560 by 144. Ans. 10940 2. To divide by 10, 100, 1000, &c. RULE. Cut off as many figures from the right hand of the dividend as there are cyphers in the divisor, and these figures so cut off are the remainder ; and the other figures of the dividend are the quotient. EXAMPLES. 1. Divide $65 by 10. Ans. 36 and 5 remains; 2. Divide 5762 by lvo. Ans. 57 62 rei. 3. Divide 763753 by 1000. Ans. 763 753 reme SUPPLEMENT TO MULTIPLICATION. To multiply by a mixt number; that is a whole num oer joined with a fraction, as 84, 55, 6+, &c. RULE, Multiply by the whole number, and take t, 5, 6, &c. of the Multiplicand, and add it to the product. 869) Answer. 132 Ans. 3. Multiply 211 by 50%. uns. 10655) 4. Multiply 2464 by 84. Ants 20533 5. Multiply 945 by 193. Ans. 659 6. Multiply 6497 by 5. Ins. 3341 Questions to Exercise Multiplication and Dirision. 1. What will 98 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a ton : Ans. $136). 2. If it takes $20 rods to make a mile, and very moc contains 54 yards; how many yards are there in a inic? Ans. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her; what was my part of the money? Ans. 88637 4. In 276 barrels of raisins, each 33 cwt. how many hundred weight : Ans. 966 cwt. 5. In 56 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 911 yards; how many yards in the whole. Ans. 873 v... 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself: Ans. 25921. 7. If a man spends 492 dollars a year, wiiat is that per calendar month? Ans. S41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being cqually divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man. shat is the value of the prize ? foras. 17733, 9 What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 Ans. 05. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and the divisor 8; what is the dividend : Ans. 3657 11. what cost 9. yds. of cloth, at 3s. per yard? Ans. ", at8l. per head ? Ans. £. 13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. or 250 cents per Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see. COMPOUND ADDITION, Is the adding of several numbers together, having aufferent denominations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tonszhundreds, quar ters, &c. RULE. 1. the numbers so that those of the same denom. ination stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as make one of the next greater;' setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition. 1. STERLING MONEY, Is the money of account in Great-Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables. * The reason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this money, as 1 in the pence is equal to 4 in the farthings; 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each column, properly the scale of denominations, and this reasoping will hold in the addition of compound numbers lioh whatever. pany denomi EXAMPLES. £. S. d. What is the sum total.of 471. 13s. 47 13 6 60.-191. 2s. 94d.-141. 10s. 111d. 19 2 91 and 121. 9s. 1d. ? Thus 14 10 11% 12 9 13 Answer, £. 93 16 41 (4) 6 s. d d. gr. £. S. 17 13 84 175 3 30 11 4 2 13 10 2 75 13 4 15 10 9 1 10 17 50 17 8 2 1 0 1 1 8 8 7 20 10 10 1 3 9 8 3 3 3 16 5 0 4 6 3 A vese (8) S. d 105 17 6 193 10 11 901 130 319 19 7 (9) (10) d. 48 17 4 104 11 9 90 16 7 111 99 976 0 10. 449 12 6 29 10 4 4 10 141 10 6 126 14 0 104 197 160 10 6 100 0 0 9 0 9 0 19 6 120 08 16 10: 0 1991 19 9 4 234 11 101 80 14 6 421 10 31 341 10 4 |