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those two classes; because the old law, the objection, to just change the word “or” at the Mr. HOWE. I am talking about whisky law which was repealed in January, provided end of the seventh line into "and," so that the and alcohol. I do not think it very likely that for transportation and export bonds precisely bill will read:

merchants will be contracting to pay torty-five as this will do. This bill furnishes no addi- That the nct of January 11, &c., be so construed as or even twenty-five cents to have spirits dis. tional guard or restraint on the exportation of to perunit alcohol and rum, which at the date of the

tilled to be exported when they can go into the passage of said act were already distilled or redisrum or alcohol. It simply provides that if tillod and intended for export and actually con

market anywhere and buy in bond for fifteen proof is made that it was already distilled and tracted to be delivered for exportation, &c.

or twenty cents, was intended for export, or that it was con- That will limit it to those who have made Mr. FESSENDEN. The bill is now contracted for exportation, the law is to stand as contracts. The law is very hard now on the

fined to rum. it did before the act of January last, and it men who have actually made contracts and are

Mr. HOWE. I did not so understand. may be exported under transportation bonds. waiting for this perinission to export.

Mr. FESSENDEN. We propose to strike I know that no Senator desires to see the Mr. SHERMAN. That amendment, as a

out everything but rum. hold we have on the whiskyon hand loosened.

matter of course, will take away one half of the Mr. HOWE. Well, that would make it I have no doubt that in a short time, when we chances of fraud. I think - alcohol" should purely a New England transaction, and I can. reduce the tax on spirits, we shall be able to also be stricken out. I am told the article of not have anything to say against that. (Laughget the revenue from nearly all the whisky on rum is a cheap article, and all the letters that ter.] hand, which, according to official estimates, have been written to me on this subject are Mr. MORGAN. The Senator from Ohio is twenty million gallons. Indeed, it has

about rum.

If the Senator will also move to has moved to strike out "alcohol." I supbeen estimated as high as forty millione; but strike out "alcohol," in the sixth line, and pose the bill would meet the case of the per I take the lowest, twenty millions. If that is

confine it to rum, a distinct article of com- sons engaged in the African trade if that was So, we may by holding on to this whisky inter

merce, that will lessen the chances of fraud stricken out; but there are some persons fere somewhat with the legitimate trade in very materially, because alcohol is a very val. engaged in the South American trade who rum for Africa; but we shall at any rate pre. uable product, and can be put in small bulk. export alcohol. However, in order to have vent any further frauds in regard to ihe whisky Mr. MORGAN. There is some alcohol the bill passed, I will accept the amendment. on hand. That is the only fear I have had in exported to South America from New York

Mr. SHERMAN, I move, then, to strike regard to this bill. If it could be confined to and Baltimore; but it is an entirely different out in the sixth line the words “alcohol and," the article of rum, which, according to the article from whisky, and is not known as whisky and also to strike out the word or at the statements made to us, is the only article at all.

end of the seventh line, and to insert the word exported to Africa, the negro always prefer- Mr. SHERMAN. Alcohol can be converted "and." ring rum to whisky, and it it could be made

Mr. FESSENDEN. And put a comına after with such guards as would prevent fraud in simple process of distillation, I am told. the word “exportation" in ihe eighth line. the exportation, I should have no objection Mr. HOWE. I wish to know from the Sen- Mr. SHERMAN. I desire to say in offerwhatever to the bill, because, as a matter of ator from New York or the Senator from Ohio ing this arnendment that I shall vote against course, any revenue bill which we may pass whether there was any evidence before the the bill on the ground that frauds will be likely will allow, under proper guards, the exporta- committee that any considerable quantity of to arise under it; but I think this annendment tion of whisky and rum manufactured in this || these spirits were contracted for to be exported? | will lessen the chances of their arising very country. But I am satisfied, without now Mr. MORGAN. Yes, sir. When the bill greatly. being able to offer the proper amendments, was up before--probably it escaped the atten- The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. Pomethat this bill will open the door to fraud. Í tion of the Senator from Wisconsin-there was Roy in the chair.) The amendment of the am satisfied, from a statement that has been

evidence presented to the Senate, especially || Senator from Ohio will be reported. made to me, that this bill will be the medium from the collector of Boston and others, as

The Chief Clerk read the amendment, which by which frauds will be committed on the rev- to the number of vessels that were engaged for was in line six to strike out the words "alcohol enue by the exportation of alcohol and whisky; || this trade, and how severely the law operated and," and in line seven, after the word because the proof required by this bill can be upon the commerce of that port. I have also • export" to strike out the word “or”' and so easily furnished, will be so easily manufac- myself received numerous letters, and I pre- insert the word "and;" so that the bill will tured, will admit cases of fraud more easily sume every member of the committee has,

read : than under the existing laws. complaining very bitterly of this delay.

That the act of January 11, 1868, entitled "An act This is all I desire to say upon the subject. Mr. HOWE. Mr. President, the fact that

to prevent frauds in the colloction of tax on distilled I know that tbe bill is pressed a great deal by several vessels in Boston had been employed

spirits" be so construed as to permit rum, which at

the date of the passage of said act was already dismerchants and others who desire to export in this trade would not be evidence that any tilled or redistilled and intended for export, and rum, because it is a legitimate and fair trade merchants had outstanding contracts for spirits

actually contracted for to be delivered for exporta

tion, to be withdrawn, removed, &c. in the ordinary course of business operations, to be exported liereafter; and if that was urged and I do not desire to interfere with that trade; there should be some evidence of it, it seems

The amendment was agreed to. but I am afraid that this will be the entering to me, before the committee, instead of letters

Mr. SHERJAN. After the word ·ó act" in wedge by which we shall lose more revenue from the merchants.

the twelfth line, I move to insert the words, ten times than the value of the trade in rum

Mr. FESSENDEN. They will have to fur:

" and as shall be provided for hereafter." The between this country and Africa.

nish the proof of the contract under this bill. bill now provides that this exportation shall Mr. MORGAN. Mr. President, the fact Mr. MORGAN. The exportation is to be

be under säch regulations as were required that there was a possibility that frauds might | under regulations made by the Internal Rev.

therefor immediately prior to the passage of grow up under this bill led the cominittee to enue Bureau.

said act." The exporters have got so familiar make inquiry and to be more than usually Mr. HOWE. It is true they will have to

with those regulations that I am afraid they particular about it. The Commissioner of furnish evidence of a contract; but getting that

have learned to evade them. Internal Revenue, after it passed the House, evidence hereafter is a very different thing from

Mr. FESSENDEN. If you stop to pass new saw no difficulty in making regulations that | having it already, and having it submitted to

regulations, it will delay them all the time the would confine it entirely to the two articles of the committee. I wish to ask one more ques.

Treasury Department is making them. alcohol and rom. It is a mere question whether tion, and that is, if there was any evidence or

Mr. SHERJAN. They can be promul. this bill shall be passed now, or whether we any suggestion from any quarter that contracts gated at once. All this exportation will be shall wait for the bill which is in the House were outstanding for the distillation of these

from one or two ports. of Representatives, in which they have pro- l spirits for export? for I see the bill provides

Mr. FESSENDEN. Still, it makes a delay vided, as I understand, for this very thing; for the case of spirits contracted to be distilied | in the time, and it is so small a matter that I but is severe merchants who export.

think it had better stand as it is.

Mr. SHERMAN. The Senator is mistaken. compelled to retain it in the harbor until after || subject; but no proof of it, except the commu.

I have letters showing that there are at least & the passage of that bill. This bill is limited nications from the parties.

dozen vessels now waiting to transport this to sixty days, within which time the merchants Mr. HOWE. I have one suggestion to make are to be allowed to remove and export alcohol upon that point. I understand - I suppose the

Mr. FESSENDEN. That is comparatively and rum “already distilled or redistilled and Senator from New York knows that fact-that | small. intended for export, or actually contracted for these liquors cannot be distilled for less than

Mr. SHERMAN. It is a pretty large amount to be delivered for exportation."

forty-five cents a gallon. Is not that about it? | of spirits. All such spirits are to be actually exported Mr. MORGAN. I do not know the exact

The amendment was agreed to. within sixty days from the passage of this act.

expense. I am not well-informed on that Mr. NYE. Mr. President, even with that Mr. FESSENDEN. Why not confine it to subject.

amendment, it seems to me that this bill is that actually contracted for, by substituting Mr. SHERMAN. I think that is the case opening a pretty wide door. I am a little sus the word "and” for “or” at the end of the

with rum. Whisky can be inanufactured for || picious whenever we attempt to legislate in seventh line; so as to read, " already distilled twenty-five cents.

favor of opening the doors on this whisky or redistilled and intended for export and act. Mr. HOWE. I take it whisky cannot be business. ually contracted for," &c.

distilled for twenty-five cents a gallon as grain Mr. MORGAN. The bill is now confined Mr. MORGAN. I have no objection to that is now; but I am told that whisky has been | to rum. amendment.

selling at from fifteen to twenty cents in bond. Mr. NYE. I was going to say that it has a Mr. FESSENDEN. I suggest to the Sen. Mr. FESSENDEN. Rum is not made from | peculiar faculty of transtorming as well as alor from Ohio whether that will not meet his ll grain,

iransporting itself. It will be rum when it starts,

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rum.

and alcohol when it comes out, or water. lon of this whisky or rum, in my judgment, tion I desire to ask which I will put to the Two months ago I was in New York, and I will ever reach Africa or any foreign or South Senator from New York. I notice that this met an old acquaintance of mine, a captain of American port.

bill as reported only asked thirty days to close a vessel, who said he was just in froin Austra- Sir, the whisky frauds have done more to up these contracts. It has been delayed here lia. I asked him what his cargo was. He said demoralize this country than all other institu- on its passage for several weeks, and how they he supposed be carried out two thousand bar- tions that have been started. Your public offi- ask for sixty days. I assume that there cannot rels of whisky, but when he got there and went cers all smell with fraud. They have been be any more under contract now than there to get his consul's certificate he found that he committed under the system of bonding; and was then, for in the face of this hostility to bad carried two thousand barrels of water. I it is a well-known fact that there bas been a permitting this export, I take it new contracts expect that will be about the way this New regular line, not of steamers, but of sailing would not be made. I ask why sixty duys are England rum will be transported: it will be ships from ihe city of New York, taking out required now when only thirty were deemed water when it gets to Africa. In this process whisky under export bonds in gutta.percha necessary when the bill was first before us? of being transported from one place to another, bags, transferring it at sea to another ship, Mr. MORGAN. As the bill passed the it will become alcohol first, Santa Cruz next, and ihen bringing it back into our own ports, House of Representatives, it was fixed at thirty New England rum next, and all be back in the and using it here, thus defrauding the Govern- days; but the Commissioner of Internal Revoshape of whisky in the city of New York. ment out of every cent of revenue upon it. Sir, nue thought the time was too short within which

Now, sir, I feel kindly toward these gentle | I mistrust this bill. As a change in the tax to prepare the regulations, and the Committee men who want to export it out of the country.

bill is anticipated, I suppose there is a great on Finance unanimously agreed to recommend I think they are doing a great favor to the desire to run out quickly this accumulation of sixty days; and we did recommend sixty days public! But, sir, it is not going out. The old rum and alcohol, so as to get it back and get at that time. trade in New England rum and slaves in Mas- it into shape before the taxes are knocked Mr. HOWE. I understand that by the bill sachusetts is not quite done away with yet. I entirely off, I think that, perhaps, is the hope as reported from the Committee on Finance do not understand this African trade; there is about it. If there is any expectation of getting this export was to be made under regulations an Australian trade carried on in the manner anything to the Government from whisky it already out, and not under new regulations, that I have stated ; there is a Gulf of Mexico seems to me we had better hold on to what we and that these new regulations have been protrade to Matamoras. All this article disap. || have got as a sort of security, to be transferred vided for by an amendment introduced by the pears, and nothing comes into the Treasury of with other assets when our friends on the other Senator from Ohio. The United States. I think the experience of side shall get into power. [Laughier.] Weshall Mr. SHERMAN. They may be. the Senate will bear me out when I say that then hand over to them the whisky in bond. Mr. HOWE. They may be new regulations? these bonds have been the fruitful source of all

Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Mr. President, Mr. MORGAN. The Commissioner of Interthe frauds upon the Government. Here we | it should be borne in mind that we had laws nal Revenue told me that thirty days was too see a redistillation bond mentioned. I should up to the passage of the law repealing the short a period to enable him to make regulalike to inquire of the Senator from New York bonded warehouse system in relation to whisky tions and obtain the necessary proof'; that the what kind of alcohol they make out of run that permitted these parties to engage in the whole thirty days would be taken up in that that is redistilled. exportation of rum. It was suddenly shut way.

We therefore amended it so as to make Mr. MORGAN. I do not know.

down upon them without a moment's notice. it sixty days. Mr. NYE. That is in the bill. The hon- || Many of them had made written charters, as Mr. HOWARD. I wish to ask a question orable Senator from Ohio may possibly be more

was in evidence before the committee, for ves. of the Senator from Vermont. I really do not familiar with the subject than my friend from sels in this trade. A large share, perhaps two understand what is meant by redistillation in New York, and may be able to tell me what thirds of all this business, is done at the port of Africa. redistilled rum would be.

Boston. We had before the committee a state- Mr. FESSENDEN. It is not to be redis. Mr. SHERMAN. No; I cannot. When- ment from the collector of Boston that there tilled there, but here. ever I have seen rum I have always seen it in never has been a case of fraud kuown in that Mr. SHERMAN. I feel quite sure that the the raw state. [Laughter.] port in relation to this trade.

word "redistillation" applies to the article of Mr. NYE. I appeal to my friend from Now the question again arises whether we alcohol alone. Alcohol may be redistilled and Massachusetts (Mr. Wilson) if he knows what shall permit this article of rum to go out of the changed, and as we have stricken out the word redistilled rum is.

country, and to continue a certain kind of trade "alcohol,'' we ought properly to strike out the Mr. WILSON. No; I know what cold that is profitable to the country. They get word “redistilled ;'' but I am not sufficiently water is. [Laughter.]

returns of palm oil ; they get ivory; and there positive as to whether rum can be redistilled. Mr. NYE. That is the best thing; and that are many articles that we get, even from Mr. FESSENDEN. What harm will it do is what this will turn out to be-water, not Liberia, in return for this article.

to leave it in? It may be that they sometimes cold, but warm. [Laughter.] I will inquire I am perfectly aware that it is almost impos. redistill rum to refine the quality. of any Senator what kind of rum is it that is

sible that we can have any bonded system by Mr. HOWARD. I merely wanted an explanredistilled ?

which we can absolutely determine that there ation. There seemed to be a dark cloud on Mr. SHERMAN. I imagine that that term

shall be no frauds; but I think that there are that branch of the subject. applies only to alcohol.

as many guards and securities about this bill Mr. FESSENDEN. There is no danger Mr. NYE. I understand that is stricken out. as perhaps we can put on by legislation. The about it. It remains rum anyhow.

Mr. SHERMAN. I know it is stricken out. time which it is to run is extreinely short. It The amendments were ordered to be enI am not sufficiently acquainted with the sub- is only for sixty days, allowing parties to get grossed, and the bill to be read a third time. ject to inform the Senator.

rid of the obligations upon which they have The bill was read the third time. Mr. NYE. I do not know, but I suppose

entered. I think it is safe for the Senate to Mr. SHERMAN. I should like to have this bill applies to what we used to know as allow the bill to pass.

the yeas and nays on the passage of the bill. old New England rum. It is a beverage that

Mr. HOWE. Will the Senator answer me Mr. FESSENDEN. Oh, let it pass as it is. is well known; but I never beard of its being a couple of questions before he sits down? It cannot do any harm. redistilled into anything else. It will kill around Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont, I cannot Mr. SHERMAN. I think it may. the corner with the first distillation. (Laugh- promise that beforehand.

The yeas and ways were ordered; and being ter.]

Mr. HOWE. The first question I should taken, resulted-yeas 13, nays 17; as follows: Mr. President, I am afraid of this bill. I like to be informed upon, and I ask it for inform- YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Cole, Conkling, Corbett, assure you that if there are twelve ships wait-lation, is whether the Senator remembers, as Cragin, Fessenden, Morgan, Morrill of Vermont, ing, in view of the change this system is under- he is more likely to do than I would, the

Sumner. Van Winkle, Willey, Williams, and Wilgoing, they will take every gallon of liquor in amount of rum exported from this country NAYS-Messrs. Chandler, Davis, Ferry, Harlan. the city of New York and the city of Boston | during the last fiscal year?

Hendricks, lloward, Howe, McCreery, Patterson of under these export bonds.

Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I do not

Tennessee, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Ross. Sherman, Sprague,

Thayer, Tipton, and Trumbuli-17. Mr. SUMNER. You do not want to keep remember how much was exported. I know ABSENT-Messrs. Bayard, Buckalew, Cameron, it at home? that there have been great frauds in relation to Cattell, Conness, Dixon. Doolittle, Drake, Edmunds,

Fowler, Frelinghuysen, Grimes, Ilenderson, Jobpson, Mr. NYE.. No; but, as I say it is going to it; but I do not remember the amount.

Morrillof Maine, Morton, Norton, Nye. Patterson of be devoured here, I want it to pay soinething Mr. HOWE. You know that there have

Now Hainpshire, Saulsbury, Stewart, Vickers, Wade, to the Government. I know the care with been great frauds ?

and Yates-24. which the Senator from New York investigates Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I know that So the bill was rejected. these things; but I am a little afraid that these there have been great frauds in relation to our

Mr. SPRAGUE afterward submitted a mo. men have got the weather-side of him in this exports; I mean of whisky.

tion to reconsider the vote rejecting the bill; maneuver to ship twelve ship-loads of rum,

Mr. HOWE.
I refer to rum.

and the motion was entered. distilled or redistilled, to Africa. It seems to Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. No; I do not me that is not the current that rum takes; it know how much has been exported. is not the vein in which it runs. It will be lost Mr. ANTHONY. There has not been a Mr. HARLAN. I move that the Senate in this whirlpool of the "whisky ring,' and it single fraud in the export of rum.

proceed to the consideration of the joint resowill tarn out as vapor or water on the coast of Mr. HOWE. I am told there has not been

lution (H. R. No. 201) in relation to the Rock Africa. I think we had better keep it at home a single fraud in the export of rum. If that is Island bridge. until something is paid on it. The moment so, the returns must show it; and I supposedl The motion was agreed to ; and the Senate, these bonds are executed not one cent will the Senator froin Vermont was funiliar with as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to ever be collected upon them, and not one gal- the amount of export. There is auother ques. consider the joint resolution,

son-13.

ROCK ISLAND BRIDGE.

It proposes to amend the act of Congress on this amendment, which requires that the shores; and the Government is about to erect

making appropriations for the support of bridge shall conform to the general law on the a bridge as a necessity for the works which are the Army for the year ending June 30, 1868, subject of bridges over the Mississippi river. being established there. This is being made and for other purposes," approved March 2, Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. No; I merely the great depot for arms in all the Northwest. 1867, as to direct the Secretary of War to order desire to call the attention of the Senate to the The Government owns the whole of the the commencement of work on the bridge over subject. I withdraw the call for the yeas and island. The Government has taken steps since the Mississippi river at Rock Island; but the nays.

it commeneed these works to procure the title ownership of the bridge is to be and remain in The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- to a small portion of the island upon which the United States, and the Rock Island Pacifie tion is on the amendment.

preëmption claims were established some years Railroad Company is to have the right of way Mr. HARLAN. I desire to say in relation ago, and has also acquired the title to some very over the bridge for all purposes of transit to this amendment, that I have no wish that small islands contiguous to this island of Rock across the island and river, upon condition that the amendment should be adopted, nor do I Island. There is great water power there, witti the company shall pay to the United States, first, | deem it necessary. The bridge is to be con- all the advantages for an armory and arsenal half the cost of the superstructure of the bridge structed under the direction of the engineers that could be obtained anywhere. At any over the main channel and half the cost of of the War Department, and it can hardly be rate, the Government has always so supposed keeping the same in repair, and shall also build supposed to be probable that they would con- and has selected it. The reason why the Govat its own cost the bridge over that part of the struct a bridge that would materially obstruct ernment is interested in the bridge is because river which is on the east side of the island of navigation. Therefore I do not think that the works erected there will be almost valueRock Island, and also the railroad on and amendment necessary. But a majority of the less without it. You must have a bridge. How across the island of Rock Island. Upon a full || Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads are you going to get to the island of Rock Islcompliance with these conditions the railroad directed it to be reported. I shall vote against and? It is separated from the main body of company is to have the use of the bridge for the amendment myself.

the land on both sides. We have had a bridge the purposes of free transit, but without any Mr. RAMSEY. The good thing that there connecting the island with the Illinois shore, claim to its ownership. The railroad com- is in this resolution is that it supersedes the put there by private parties years ago; but I pany, within six months after the new bridge old Rock Island bridge, which has been a great think it has been injured or partially carried is ready for use, are to remove their old bridge nuisance to the navigators of the river. It is away recently. from the river and their railroad track from objectionable in a great many ways, and has

Mr. WILSON. We have got to build a its present location on the island of Rock Isl- been the cause of the destruction of a great bridge there. and. The Government may permit any other deal of property on that river. The people Mr. TRUMBULL. Unquestionably we have. road or roads wishing to cross on the bridge || injured have been in the courts of the United Then the question arises whether there should to do so by paying to the parties then in inter- States; they have been all around trying to be two bridges. The Rock Island and Pacific est the proportionate cost of the bridge; but get rid of it, and at length they have hit upon Railroad Company has a bridge now which no such permission to other roads is to impair this plan. That is the merit of this resolu- crosses the river north of the island, and is the right granted to the Chicago, Rock Island, tion.

erected at a point where the navigating interand Pacific Railroad Company, and the total Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I ask the ests have complained very much of it, whether cost of the bridge is not to exceed the esti- Senator from Minnesota whether there is any i rightly or not I will not undertake to say. But mates made by the commissioners appointed more propriety in the United States building they have their railroad bridge, and this arrangeunder the act approved June 27, 1866. a bridge here than there is in building a bridge ment was entered into between the Government

In case the Rock Island and Pacific Rail- over any other river throughout the United of the United States, acting throngh the War road Company shall neglect or fail, for sixty States? Why should the United States be put Department, and the owners of this railroad days after the passage of the resolution, to make to the expense of building a bridge at this bridge, by which they agreed that their bridye and guarantee the agreement specitied in the act || point rather than at any other in the United || might come down and they would pay half the of appropriation, approved March 2, 1867, then States? For myself I can see no reason for it | expense of erecting a bridge at another point the Secretary of War is required to direct the whatever.

which it was supposed would be less objectionremoval of the existing bridge and to direct Mr. RAMSEY. Certainly the Senator will able to navigation and which is absolutely necesthe construction of the bridge herein men- concede that for a great many years, in the sary to the Government. The Government must tioned, and expend the money appropriated courts and in every other way, the steamboat | have it. This plan has received the sanction for that purpose in that act; and the Rock men and the river men of the West have of the Government officials, is recommended Island and Pacific Railroad Company is not attempted to get rid of the old Rock Island | by the engineers, and indorsed by the Departto bave, acquire, or enjoy any right of way or bridge, which is a nuisance and a curse to the ment of War, by Mr. Stanton when he was privilege thereon, or the use of the said bridge, || navigation of the river, chiefly because the || Secretary of War. I am not sure whether until the agreement shall be made and guaran- piers instead of being placed parallel with the General Schofield has made a formal recomtied according to the terms and conditions of ihread of the stream, as the laws now require, mendation or not; but General Schofield was the act of appropriation.

were placed obliquely, causing a great destruc- one of the commission appointed under author. The Committee on Post Offices and Post tion of property on the river. The river men ity of the War Department who assessed the Roads reported the joint resolution with an have attempted to get rid of it. They have | damages that were to be paid to parties who amendment, to add as an additional section gone into the courts and everywhere else, but had interests in Rock Island, and he is familiar the following: they could not do it. At length they hit on

with this whole matter. I think there is a Sec. 3. And be it further resolved, That any bridge this happy compromise with the Government, reason why the Government of the United built under the provisions of this net, shall be con- that when another bridge is built the existing | States needs a bridge liere that does not apply structed so as to conform to the requirements of section two of an act entitled "An act to authorize the

bridge shall then be removed. That is the to any other point that I know of: it is an construction of certain bridges, and to establish great merit of this thing, and led the Post absolute necessity that the Government of the them as post roads," approved July 25, 1865. Office Committee to give its assent to it.

United States must have it.
Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I merely
Mr. TRUMBULL. I think I can answer

Mr. HARLAN. Mr. President, this is not desire to call the attention of the Senate to. the Senator from Vermont, who inquired why a new proposition. In the act making approthis joint resolution. It looks extremely harm. the Government should build a bridge here | priations for the support of the Ariny for the less; but, in my judgment, instead of its being more than anywhere else over a river. The year ending June 30, 1868, and for other pura measure of that character, it is one that will Senator certainly is aware that the Govern- | poses, approved Marel 2, 1867, this appropriinvolve the Government not only in needless ment of the United States is the owner of the ation was made, with the proviso which I will expense, but in a needless law-suit. Instead island of Rock Island in the Mississippi river,

read: of enlarging the powers that we have already a large island-I do not remember the precise

* For the erection of a bridge at Rock Island, Illigranted to this company, our business should number of acres, but I shonld think two thou

nois, as recommended by the chief of ordnance,

$200,000: Provided, That the ownership of said bridyo be to repeal what we have heretofore done. sand acres of land-which it has reserved from shall be and remain in the United States, and the Why sliould we make an agreement to build a sale from the beginning, as a most desirable Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Cornpauy shall bridge there and keep it in repair, and that

have the right of way over said bridge for all purand useful point to be held by the United

poses of transit across the island and river, upon the company is only to restore one half of the States Government; and some years ago a law condition that the said company shall, before any cost to us? But not content with the law as was passed establishing an arsenal and armory

money is expended by the Government, agree to pay it stands, they propose that we shall go for- at Rock Island. The Government has com

and shall secure to the United States, first, half the

cost of said bridge; and second, half the expenses ward and tear down an existing structure and menced very expensive works there. When of keeping said bridge in repair; and upon guaranbuild another. I merely desire to call the the rebellion broke out i: had not in all the tying said conditions to the satistaetion of the Secreattention of the Senate to this kind of legisla- Northwest a single deposit of arms. This is

tary of War, by contract or otherwise, the said com

pany shall have the free use of said bridge for tion, which, if I might be permitted to charac- being made the great armory for the North- purposes of transit, but without any claim to ownerterize it, I would say was monstrous.

west; it is located on the Mississippi river sbip thereof." The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- near where railroads cross; and it is neces. When they attempted to carry out this tion is on the amendment reported by the com. sary, in the opinion of the Government engi. | arrangement between the coinpany and the mittee.

neers, that the Government of the United States Secretary of War, in pursuance of the provisMr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I ask for the should bave bridges to connect this island both ions of this law, it was ascertained that the yeas and nays, for the purpose of calling the with the Illinois shore and with the lowa shore. company had not the legal power under its attention of the Senate to it.

The value of the great works which the Gov- charter to make the contract. The company Mr. TRUMBULL. The Senator from Ver- ernment is erecting there depend upon having and the Secretary of War ad interim-General mont surely does not want the yeas and pays this connection; they must have it with the Il Grant was then, I believe, acting as Secretary

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of War--made an arrangement in, I believe, | lished a Government arsenal there they bought Mr. RAMSEY. There are legal quibbles, the precise terms of this resolution, except the out a bridge connecting with the Illinois shore

you know. amendment which is now pending, and intended and paid for it. The Senator from Illinois is Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Ah! to execute it as a contract under the law which mistaken if he supposes that any Secretary of Mr. RAMSEY. If the Senator will allow I have read; but when the question was sub- War has ever recommended this measure. me further, I will say that actions are brought miuted to the Attorney General, with a view of General Grant recommended it, but no Secre. in the United States district court for Illinois. having the contract executed, he examined tary Stanton has ever committed his name to That court has jurisdiction of only part of the tlie charter of the company referred to, and any paper recommending this at all, as I un- river, and caunot order down the whole bridge, decided that, in his opinion, they had not the derstand.

Suits are brought also in the district court for legal right to make such a contract, and on that Mr. TRUMBULL. I think the Senator is | lowa, and there the same difficuly is encoun. account the question came up in the House of inistaken.

tered. The court has jurisdiction over only half Represeutatives, and they have proposed to Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I think I ar the river, and cannot disturb the whole bridge. enact the contract previously drawn up under That is according to the information I Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I think it is the direction of the Secretary of War between had in the Committee on Post Offices and Post very safe to leave the matter in the hands of the Government and this company. Roads.

the Legislatures of those two States. I do This explains the origin of the bill. It is Mr. TRUMBULL. My information is di- not understand why we are to determine a lawin pursuance of a law now existing, and is rectly the reverse.

suit in relation to a railroad bridge across the intended to provide a legal remedy to enable Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. The informa- upper Mississippi ; nor can I understand why one of the parties to carry out in contract what tion before the Committee on Post Offices and we are suddenly called upon to commence this Congress intended it should do under the law Post Roads was that he declined to do it. Mr. structure and to build a bridge beyond what it which I have read.

President, does it look likely that the United will be even pretended is required for the pur: I might state in relation to the merits of the States want a railroad across there? Do they | poses of the United States. If the United question, (although it seeins to me they are not own any railroad, that they are compelled to States want an opportunity for their workmen now properly pending,) that Congress has bave a railroad bridge? I know that the Sen- to get across into lowa, where they can buy already decided that this bridge shall be built; ators from lowa and Illinois would like to have | lager-beer cheaper than they can in Illinois, it has provided for it by a law now on the stat- the United States build a bridge across there. let them say so; bring in a bill here for that ute-bouk, providing that the company shall pay || They not only want a bridge built for the purpose, not bring one in here that is to cost one-hall and the United States the other half accommodation of ordinary travel, but a rail- i million or more of money; of the expense. The reasons for that, I appre. road bridge. They want it so that the men It is claimed here that ihe old bridge is a hend, were those which have been hinted at who are employed on the island can go across nuisance. Is there anything to guard against by the chairman of the Committee on Post to Iowa, and buy lager beer, peanuts, and the new bridge being a nuisance? The Sen. Offices and Post Roads. The Rock Island. tobacco daily; they want some portion of the ator from Iowa has just said that he did not Railroad Company had a bridge for railroad || trade of that island; but it is utterly idle to eare anything about this last amendment propurposes which was badly constructed, which contend here that the United States have an posed to guard that particular point. We have was an impediment to navigation. The people interest that requires them to lay out a million got one nuisance, and the Senator from Iowa above on the river complained very much of of money in building a bridge across this is quite willing that the bill should pass with. the existence of the bridge as a partial obstruc- stream. We might as well be required to build out any protection or safeguard against erecttion to commerce; and so with the people a bridge across the Ohio or Mississippi at ing another below, particularly the merchants at St. Louis. almost any other point as to be required to Mr. HARLAN. The Senator certainly does They desired the removal of that bridge. The build this bridge.

not intend to misrepresent me. bridge was sufficient for the purposes of the Imprudently, as I think, Congress passed a Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I do not. company, but they liave agreed that their bridge previous law agreeing to build one halt of the Mr. HARLAN. I stated in connection with sball be destroyed and that they will pay halt bridge provided this Rock Island and Pacific that, that I had no belief that the engineers the expense of constructing another bridge. Railroad Company would build the other half; of the War Department would construct a

At the same time the Government needs a but the railroad company declining to do it, || bridge so as to create a nuisance. Therefore bridge, and if this company should not thus we now have a bill sent to us from the other I did not deem the amendment necessary. I unite with it, would be under the necessity of House directing that the United States Gov. I thought it would be necessary, if we were constructing one at its own expense.

ernment shall commence at once upon the incorporating a company to build a bridge, to The resolution also provides that if any work of building a bridge entirely at its own guard against an improper structure; but as other railroad company shall desire to use this cost, leaving it to the option of the railroad | this is to be construcied under officials of this bridge for the purposes of transit across the company whether it will come forward here- Government, engineers of the Army, I had full river, it may do so by paying a jnst proportion | after and pay one half the expense or not, or confidence they would build it on the best plan; of the expense. It is believed, I think, that pay one half the expense of keeping it in repair, and for that reason I had no wish that this another railroad company will use the bridge, || Why should we keep up a magnificent siruc- amendment should be adopted. and thus diminish she cost of this structure to turc, half at our expense, even if the company Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. When this the Government of the United States to one should come forward and agree to this con- matter was up before I was quite willing that third. I was told but a minute since by one tract? Why should we not only build a bridge, this company should be allowed to build one of the colleagues of the honorable Senator or build one half of it if they come into the con: half this bridge and allow the law to stand as from Ilinois that the Secretary of War has tract, and pay one half the expense of keeping it is, compelling the United States to build asked for an appropriation of $100,000, which it in repair for all time to come, when for all the other balf; but, on examining it, I think is now pending before the House of Represent- the purposes that the United States want any the previous law ought to be repealed. 1 atives, for the construction of a bridge between connection with the lowa shore for we can think it was highly improvident that the United the island and the main land on the Illinois build a bridge for one tenth part the sum? States ever engaged to build any portion of shore. If this resolution should pass, the rail- Mr. CONKLING. What does the bill pro- this bridge. I see no propriety in any expend. road coinpany would be compelled to build vide on that point? That we are to keep only ||.iture on the part of the Government for any that structure; aud this meinber of the House half of it in repair ?

such structure as is contemplated by this bill. desired very niuch that the Senate should act Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. This changes

Mr. HENDERSON. Mr. President, I on this measure so that they might know what the law. Under the old law we were to build || should like to inquire of the Senator from to do with the Secretary's recommendation in one half the bridge and keep one half in lowa or the Senator from Minnesota having relation to an appropriation for that structure. repair. This bill sets out that we are to com- charge of this bill, what is the estimated cost of It will be seen by looking at the top of tile mence and build the bridge at once, and then the bridge; how inuch will it be necessary for second page that this resolution provides that it provides that if the company shall come for

the Government of the United States to appro: this company “shall also build at its own cost ward and pay one half the expense they may

priate in order to construct the bridge now the bridge over that part of the river which is

contemplated ? on the east side of the island of Rock Island, Mr. President, there is more under this bill

Mr. HLARLAN. I have not the report of and also the railroad on and across said island than even this. It is said that the present the board of engineers that had this matter of Rock Island," so that if it becomes a law | existing bridge there is a nuisance.

If it is a

under examination, and am unable therefore this company will be obligated to build the nuisance, why not go to the courts and have to answer the Senator's inquiry." bridge at its own cost on the east side of the it abated? Why should we legislate a nuisance Mr. RAMSEY. I have no recollection of island, and pay the whole cost of moving the out of existence ?

it. It has been in charge of the Senator from track of the road across the island, and one Mr. RAMSEY. People have been in the Iowa for a long while. If the question is on hall of the entire cost of the main structure on courts for many years and expended a vast the amendment I think there is a misprint in the west side of the island. There is, it seems amount of money in litigation to get rid of this regard to that. Am I correct? Is the ques. to me, no reasonable objection to the passage bridge, and they canrot do it.

tion on the amendmeut? of this joint resolution.

Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Because the The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. POMEMr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Mr. Presi- courts will not declare, and they cannot prove

Roy in the chair.) The question is on the dent, I desire that the Senate should fully that it is a nuisance.

amendment of the committee. uuderstand this question. It is true that the Mr. RAMSEY. Yes they have proved it. Mr. RAJSEY. The third section, which Government of the United States has some Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Then the is the amendment, reads thus: nterest upon this island. After they estab. courts have not done their duty.

And be il further resolved, That any bridge built

do so.

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under the provisions of this resolution shall be con- Mr. WILLIAMS. So that the only bridge Mr. TRUMBULL. Perhaps the Senator structed so as to conform to the requirements of sec

now is the one connecting the island with from Vermont has been there and knows what tion iwo of an act entitled An act to authorize tbc Iowa ?

it will cost. I know nothing except the informconstruction of certain bridges and to establish them as post roads," approved July 25, 1865.

Mr. TRUMBULL. There is no bridge now ation communicated here officially. Accord. There was no Congress in session in July, connecting the island on either side. There ing to the estimate of the engineers of the Gov. 1865; but the general Mississippi river bridge is no bridge from the island to lowa, except ernment, it is economy to build a bridge that bill is the act of July 25, 1866. The second the railroad bridge.

will cost $100,000. The Senator from Versection of that act provides all the requirements

Mr. HARLAN. It is not a carriage bridge ; inont says that $14.000 built the old bridge. that Congress have recently thought ought to it is a railroad bridge. It touches the island I am not advised about that, he may be cor. be imposed on bridge-building on that river. at a point above the point named in this reso- rect; I do not know what it cost; but I do Section two of that act provides : lution.

know, according to the estimates of the proper

Mr. TRUMBULL. The communication of officers of the engineers whose duty it is to "That any bridge built under the provisions of this act may, at the option of the company building the the Secretary of War transmits a report of the inquire into this matter, that the expense of a silme, be built as a draw-bridge, with a pivot or other ordnance oflice, which says:

proper bridge will be $100,000. Now it is forin of draw, or with unbroken or continuous spans: Provided. That if the said bridge shall be made with

“The temporary bridge connecting Rock Island proposed not to have a bridge at all, and to unbroken and continuous spans, it shall not be of less

arsenal with the city of Rock Island, on the Illinois postpone this measure until next December. etevation in any case than fifty feet above extremo shore, was destroyed by ice and flood during the past

Then you had better sell your Rock Island bigh-water quark, as understood at the point of loca

winter, and there are now no ineans of communication, in the bottom chord of the bridge, nor shall tho tion between them but a temporary ferry. The ne

arsenal and armory. Sir, in my judgment, it spans of said bridge be less than two hundred and

cessities of the public service require frequent com- would be most miserable economy to postpone filiy feet in length, and the piers of said bridge shall munication of persons and transfer of materials

the passage of a proper bill to carry out the be parallel with the current of the river, and the

between the city and arsenal, and the reëstablish

ment of a bridge is necessary. main span shall be over the main channel of the

A permanent bridge existing law. This is no new matter. As the river and not less than three hundred feet in length:

is preferable for every reason, and on the ground of Senator from Iowa has already stated, the law And provided also, That if any bridge built under

economy. The estimate for the construction of such this act shall be constructed as a draw-bridge, the a bridge is $100,000, and I recommend that on appro

made provision before for this bridge, but in sainc shall be constructed as a pivot draw-bridge, with

priation of that suin be requested from Congress for carrying into effect the provisions of that law a draw over the main channel of the river at an acthe purpose."

the railroad company and the Government cessible and navigable point, and with spans of not Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. That is in were unable to make a contract which was less than one hundred and sixty feet in length, in the clear on cach side of the central or pivot picr of addition to this bill.

satisfactory to both parties without some further the draw, and the next adjoining spans to the draw

Mr. TRUMBULL. This is a communica- legislation, and this measure is framed with a shall not be less than two hundred and fifty feet: and tion dated on the 3d day of June. I am view to enacting the necessary legislation. It said spans shall not be less tbau thirty feet above low-water mark and not less than ten feet above

reading from a letter of General Dyer, who is is the joint result of a conference between the extreme high-water inark, measuring to the bottoan

chief of ordnance; and that letter is cominu- War Department and this railroad company, chord of the bridge, and the piers of said bridge shall nicated by the Secretary of War in the follow. - and it has the sanction of the War Department. be parallel with the current of the river: And provided ulso, That said draw shall be opened promptly ing letter:

Mr. WILSON. I should be glad to look into upon reasonable signal for the passage of boats,

WAR DEPARTMENT, two or three points connected with this meas. whoso construction shall not be such as to admit of

WASHINGTON City, June 8, 1868.

ure, and with the consent of the Senator having their passage under the permanent spans of said

Sır: I have the honor to send lierewith, for the bridge, except when trains are passing over the samo; consideration of the proper committee, a communi

it in charge, I propose that we now go into but in no case shall unnecessarylclay occur in open

cation of June 3 from tho chief of ordnance, recom- executive session. By this course we shall ing the said draw during or after the passage of

mending an appropriation of $100,000 for the con- have some time to look into the matter. trains." siruction of a bridge to connect Rook Island arsenal

Mr. TRUMBULL. There is no objection The PRESIDING OFFICER. The error

with the city of Rock Island. Illinois.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

to that, certainly. will be corrected by substituting 1866 for 1867,

J. M. SCHOFIELD,

Mr. WILSON. I move, then, that the Sen. if there be no objection. The Chair hears no

Secretary of War.
Ilon. SCHIUYLER Colfax.

ate proceed to the consideration of executive objection, and that correction is made. The

Speaker of the House of Representatives. .

business. question is on the amendment as modified.

Now, this bridge having been carried The ainendment was agreed to.

away,

Mr. STEWART. I wish to make a report there is a necessity for a bridge at once; but

from the committee of conference on the bill Mr. SHERMAN. I think the gentlemen in this is not required if the bill passes, because for the removal of political disabilities. charge of this measure ought to give us the the bill under consideration makes provision

Mr. WILSON. I withdraw my motion to cost of the bridge, because it seems from the for a bridge connecting the island with the allow that report to be made. papers that the cost is referred to and has been Illinois shore, as well as for a bridge connect

MESSAGE FROM THE I1OCSE. estimated by the Government and the estimates | ing the island with the Iowa shore. General are on file. I should like to know myself what Schofield was one of the commissioners that

A message from the House of Representa. the cost of this bridge is to be, whether $200,000 made the estimates, fixed the proportions

tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced

that the House had passed the following bills or $1,000,000. The amount appropriated is which it was proper should be paid by this

of the Senate, with amendments, in which it $200,000.

railroad company to the Government; and I Mr. WILSON. I hope this measure will go have been assured by two members of the

requested the concurrence of the Senate: over until we can ascertain the facts of the case.

A bill (S. No. 164) to provide for appeals House of Representatives, since this debate Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I hope it will

from the Court of Claims, and for other purbegan, that this bill did have the sanction of go over until next December, and I make the

the Secretary of War; that the Secretary of motion that it be postponed until December War himself framed it in part; that it was

A bill (5. No. 377) to change the times of next. If anybody will look at the second sec- submitted to him and had his sanction; and

holding the district and circuit courts of the

United States in the several districts in the tion, he will see that we provide not only for that that Secretary of War was Mr. Stanton. State of Tennessee. building one bridge, but for removing another. I am authorized to state that on the authority I move that the bill be postponed until Decem- of two members of the House of Representa

REMOVAL OF DISABILITIES. ber. That will leave the existing law which tives, given to me within the last ten minutes.

Mr. STEWART submitted the following compels us to build one half the bridge, pro. I trust, Mr. President, that this matter is report: vided the railroad company build the other not to be postponed on the motion of the Sen- The committec of conference of the two Houses on half, and I think that is quite enough and much ator from Vermont, because he supposes that

the amendment of the Senate to the bill (U. R. No. more than we ought to do. this bridge is to cost something. Of course

1059) to relieve certain citizens of North Carolina of

disabilities, having met, after full and free conser, Mr. HARLAN. That is just what this joint | it is to cost something; we expect it to cost ence have agreed to recomiend, and do recommend resolution provides for: it reënacts the old something. And is it not something appro

to their respective Houses as follows: law, but puts it in such a shape that it can be | priate to the armory at Springfield ? Can you

That the House recede from their disagreement to

the amendment of the Senate, and agree to the same executed. The law as it stands would be suffi- manufacture guns and cannon without some with the following amendments: cient if it could be carried into effect. The || expense? After having commenced these

Strike out "George S. Houston, of Alabama," and Senator says he is satisfied with the law as it

"George W. Jones, of Tennessee." works upon this island are you to stop ?

Strike out " and Tennessee," where it first occurs exists.

Mr. NORRILL, of Vermont. We do not in section four, and insert anıl" after “Arkansas" Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. No; I am want a railroad there.

where it first occurs in section four. not.

Mr. TRUMBULL. Do you not want

Also, strike out · Robert Austin," of North Caro

lina, and inscrt "Robert II. Austin." Mr. WILLIAMS. I should like for inform: | bridges?

Strike out "Wilcy D. Jones," of North Carolina, ation to ask the Senator from Iowa one ques. Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. Not there.

and insert" Willie Jones." tion.

Strike out
Are there any bridges now connecting
Mr. TRUMBULL. If there is a necessity

Eugene Grisson," of North Carolina,

and insert "Eugeno Grissom.' the island with the main land?

to connect the island with the main shore you Strike out John D. Ashmond," of South Carolina, Mr. HARLAN. There is none on the Illi. must have a bridge to do it. The War Depart

and insert "J. D. Asbmore." nois side. The bridge there has been swept

Striko out "John M. Rusty (or Burtz."'). ment thinks there is such a necessity and an

WILLIAM STEWART, away; and I have in my hand now a com- immediate necessity for such a bridge, and any

HENKY WILSON, munication signed "J. M. Schofield, Secre- one would know that there was a necessity for

JOHN SHERMAN, tary of War," recommending an appropriation | it, I should think.

Managers on the part of the Senale.

J. F, FARNSWORTH, of $100,000 to put in the bridge between the Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. The bridge

II. E. PAINE, island and the Illinois shore, which bridge, if that was carried away cost $14,000, and I sup.

Managers on the part of the House. this resolution shall pass, will be constructed pose another one could be built for the same Mr. HENDRICKS. I wish simply to express by the railroad company. money.

my contempt for the small business thai has

poses; and

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