Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

the importance of the question of distilled them over with the understanding-of which, be one exported you will make $30,000,000 by spirits in the economy of exportation.

however, I have not much hope from what I have it rather ihan to have transportation all over Now, Mr. Chairman, let me say that it is for seen--that if the plan proposed by the gentle.

this country. those who favor the exportation of alcohol to man from lowa and others, to be established (Here the hammer fell.] devise a method, after the internal tax has been by his amendment, prevails, then these sections Mr. LOGAN. Will gentlemen of the compaid, where the property has been really used shall be stricken out; but if it does not pre- inittee allow me to give them the quantity of in business or for the purposes of exportation, | vail, then these sections may be voted on as exports in 1866? From grain, five hundred so they can get their money back. Last night i they stand in the bill. It will save a great and three thousand one hundred and vinetythose of us who desired to carry out the propo; deal of time.

six gallons; from molasses, one million nine sition of the gentleman from lowa (Mr. PRICE) Mr. JUDD. I withdraw my amendment. hundred and ninety-three thousand three huntried to get over the point of the destruction The CHAIRMAN. The Chair knows of no dred and thirty-four gallons. A little over two of that business by introducing a system of way in which the object can be reached except million gallons were exported from this coundrawbacks, and nearly all the gentlemen in by considering the sections as stricken out. try in 1966. favor of this system of exportation fought it, Mr. LOGAN. I renew the amendment of Mr. FARNSWORTH. I am opposed to the and it was defeated by their votes. If, then, my colleague. I desire to say a word on this amendment. It seems to me that the argument the amendment of the gentleman from Iowa question. It probably will be the last time I presented here by the Committee of Ways and operates harshly in regard to this thing, it is shall trouble the committee with any discussion Means and the gentleman from Massachusetts, the fault of the gentlemen who last night of this point. I offered an amendment last | [Mr. Butler,] that if drawback is allowed it refused to accept any amendment which enti- | night which was voted down. I had no oppor. will open the door for immense frauds, is a tled them to receive back any portion of the tunity to reply to the chairman of the cominit- confession of weakness. It certainly is a contax after the distilled spirits have actually been tee or to the gentleman from Massachusetts. fession that the macbinery presented by this exported. I take this occasion to say now that in my judg.

bill for the collection of the tax upon whisky My object is to meet this question fairly. ment fair treatment of all propositions is the is very imperfect. If it is so imperfect that There is no necessity for these sections of the best policy if we desire to come to a rational you are not sure that you will collect the tax bill if the amendment of the gentleman from understanding. It will not do to undertake to on whisky I ask gentlemen what sort of assur: Jowa is adopted. From what I have seen they change gentlemen's opinions in reference to ance we may have, if you allow exportation are only a portion of the machinery. I would collecting the tax on whisky at the distillery by without payment of tax, that whisky will not go trust the question of machinery to the chair- shaking a quart.cup at them. Nor will it do upon the market through the same leaks and man, as to bave discussion in the House after for the gentleman from Massachusetts to imperfections. It may be, if gentlemen cannot the principle has been established.

undertake to change gentlemen's opinions | prepare a bill that makes the machinery perfect Now, sir, if gentlemen who believe with us about the propriety of arranging a drawback enough to insure the collection of this tax, that and are in favor of the amendment of the gen- by offering an amendment saying it shall not they have not ingenuity enough to provide for tleman from Iowa, desire in good faith to amount to more than all the revenues of the the payment of drawback, and to secure the export distilled spirits, let them prepare such Government. That may be a very good way Government against frauds. But it seems to a system as will return the tax after the article of discussing a question, but it has very little me that it would not tax the ingenuity of a is exported in good faith, and I will vote for it. argument in it.

man much to do it, and I believe the gentleman We tried to do it last night, but it was not sat- Now, I propose to answer the statement of froin Ohio can provide a section which shall isfactory. If they will do it I will vote for it. the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. GARFIELD] insure the Government, by requiring proof We of the West are not for striking down any last night, while fighting my proposition. It that the whisky which it is soughi to export has portion of the industrial interests of this coun- was so remarkable and so perfectly absurd that paid a tax before the money is refunded. If a try. We have as large a stake in this country

I take this occasion to answer it. My propo. man manufactures whisky at the distillery for as the gentleman from Massachusetts, and we sition was that the drawback system should the purpose of exporting it he pays the tax are for giving free scope and encouragement to only be allowed on the number of gallons there, and it is easy to trace that whisky to the the business and commerce of the country. exported, and that they should only have a seaport and to the foreign port, and to prove When he insinuates we struck it down

return of fifty cents after evidence taken at the its identiiy. Mr. BUTLER. I did not insinuate it-I port of exportation and of arrival, and sub- Mr. ALLISON. That is just what we do in said it.

mitted to the entire satisfaction of the Secre- this bill. Mr. JUDD. When he says we struck down tary of the Treasury. The gentleman said that Mr. FARNSWORTH. Very well; that is the export trade, be presents us in an attitude was opening a wider door for fraud than by any all we ask. Let the tax be paid at the disbefore the House and country I, for

other system. Now let us see.

Our export

tillery, and if your machinery is so perfect that not submit to it if I can help it.

ation of rum and alcohol amounts to from three you can trace that identical whisky, wbere is [Here the hammer fell.]

to five million gallons. Now, will any man the chance to commit frauds on the GovernMr. SCHENCK. Mr. Chairman, I have no say to a sensible body of people that there is ment by drawback? doubt the speech of my friend from Mlinois was a greater door open to fraud where there are Mr. HARDING. Suppose it is transported made in all seriousness, but it is about as funny | only four or five million gallons exported than in bond to the rectifying establishment where a thing as I have ever listened to. Here are there is where you provide for the transport

it is inade into alcohol, how can the gentleman two systems. I was disposed to stand up in ation of ail distilled spirits from Maine to Cali- say how many other barrels of illicitly distilled favor of the system of transportation and ex- fornia, amounting to a hundred million gallons? | whisky are mingled with it in the production portation, sufficiently guarded, as I think, but I ask gentlemen to reflect a moment and tell of alcohol, which alcohol goes out without any on the other side it was thought safer and bet- me if there is likely to be more fraud in the new imposition of tax? If you will make ter that distilled spirits, in every form and for -xportation of five million gallons than in the alcohol by continuous distillation at the disevery purpose, must have the tax prepaid at transportation of one hundred million ? tillery, and brand it there as tax-paid, you can the distillery. The gentleman says they have Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. If the identity it at the port of exportation as easily prevailed over us, and now they want us to fix gentleman will allow me, I will adınit there is as you could a horse, and you cannot do it in up the machinery for them. Now, a system of inore chance for fraud in reference to one hun- any other way. drawbacks was offered last night, I think dred million gallons than in reference to five

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I was arguing on about drawbacks as these gentlemen do about || Snillion; but I believe if this drawback system the supposition that this bill provides sufficient transportation in bond. Having carried their is adopted your exportation would amount to machinery to secure the collection of the tax point, that distilled spirits intended for export- from twenty to fifty million gallons within a year at the distillery warehouse. If the bill is not ation must have the tax prepaid, it seems to

sufficient for that purpose, it is good for nothshould go further and renew their Mr. LOGAN. Very well; then to satisfy ing. If it is sufficient for that purpose, then proposition of drawbacks, or in some way op- the gentleman we will limit it. There was it is sufficient to guard the Government against erate the bill on their plan. Therefore it is an never yet exported more than five million gai. frauds by drawback. You certainly can trace amusing, proposition, really, as presented by lons from the country, but we can limit it and the article anywhere and everywhere after it the gentleman froin Illinois, that it becomes provide some way by which the door shall be has paid the tax. If the machinery of this bill our bonnden duty to furnish the machinery for closed. But do not let gentlemen, because is not sufficient, if it is so imperfect that it their plan.

they have wedded themselves to a particular does not insure the collection of the tax on I desire now to say that I was perhaps not section of a bill, because it is their own child whisky, then the Government is equally as clearly understvod when up before, when I and is like themselves in feature, perhaps,

liable to be defrauded as if you allowed exportobjected to the proposition made by my col- when anybody else offers a proposition here, ation without the payment of the tax. So if league, (Mr. GARFIELD.] He proposed that undertake to laugh it down. Now, sir, I say you take either horn of the dilemma we are these sections, four or five of which are of that if gentlemen strike these provisions out of equally, at sea, and equally liable to be de. no use now upon the decision made by the the bill, and are not willing to provide any other frauded. Now, I suppose the Committee of

I committee, should be kept open for amend- means, I will introduce a proposition that will Ways and Means, by proposing a reduction of ment. That I objected to. I was about to provide means for the saving of the export the tax to fifty cents per gallon, and by the suggest that if the committee will adopt that irade. I will introduce the same proposition contrivandes proposed by them and by this proposition the Committee of Ways and jeans that I did before, and the committee may guard

Committee of the whole to secure the collechave no amendment to offer. But I prefer || it as well as they have a mind to.

tion of this tax, bave acted upon the presump: the proposition made by my colleague on the reduce your export to $5,000,000, as the gen- tion that the Government will be able to secure committee for saving time, that by unanimous tleman suggests, and then if you have to pay the whole or nearly the whole of it. consent we withdraw these sections or pass drawback on every gallon when there shall not Mr. ALLISON. I now ask that, in order

[ocr errors]

one, will

a

or two.

me

You may

[ocr errors]

to save time, sections fifty-one, fifty-two, fifty || believe it is, in the amendment I have sub- Mr. GRISWOLD. I desire merely to say three, and fifty-five be stricken out. mitted.

that in view of the striking out of every other Mr. BOUTWELL. I move to amend that Mr. BECK. Mr. Chairman, I desire to provision calculated to preserve this export motion by inserting what I send to the Clerk's oppose the amendment. The drawback of trade of the country, I for one trust the amenddesk in place of the sections proposed to be sixty cents now proposed is certainly too high, ment submitted by my friend from Massachustricken out.

if any drawback at all should be allowed, which setts will be adopted. I regard it as he does, The CHAIRMAN.. Strictly speaking only || I very much doubt. In my judgment, if we as the most objectionable of the three plans section fifty-one is now under consideration. allow any drawback at all it should be a very which have been submitted to the House; but, The gentleman can move what he proposes as small one. By other provisions in this bill we for one I am prepared to adopt almost any a substitute for that section, and the question have cut off all right of removal of distilled plan within the range of reason and propriety upon striking out the other sections can be spirits from the West to the markets of the rather than strike down any material export determined when those sections shall have been East, where it is to be sold for home consump- || interest that now exists in this country. I am reached.

tion. The manufacturers of the West can one of those who will regard a business of that Mr. BOUTWELL. Very well; then I offer store their whisky only in the distillery ware- kind, a business now important and which what I have sent to the Clerk's desk as a substi- house, which must be upon the same lot as the promises in the future to become enlarged; tute for section fifty-one.

distillery. Our .Kentucky manufacturer, who but, sir, I am not one of those who believe we The substitute was read, as follows:

never redistills, rectifies, or exports must keep are at liberty in legislating for any of the great And be it further enacted, That a drawback shall be his whisky on hand in the distillery warehouse interests of the country to strike down any allowed upon alcohol and rum exported to foreign at an immense expense for insurance, &c. other interest.' Inasmuch as this committee countries, on which taxes have been paid under the

He is never allowed to remove it until the tax provisions of this act, of which proof shall be fur

has indicated a determination they will accept nished by the person exporting the same, under such

has been paid. What we insist upon is that no other amendment, I trust the amendment rules and regulations as the Commissioner of Internal no other person shall be allowed, under preRevenue may prescribe. Before any drawback shall

of the gentleman from Massachusetts will be be paid the exporter claiming drawback shall furnish

tense of export or anything else, to remove adopted. satisfactory proof that the articles exported have been

whisky until the tax is paid. Let every manu- Mr. HARDING. I move to strike out the landed in a foreign country and sold, or consigned facturer or dealer be put on the same footing. for sale in such country; and the Commissioner of

last word. Internal Revenue shall prescribe such rules and regUnder pretense of exporting it whisky is sent

Mr. Chairman, there is no provision in this ulations as may be necessary to secure the Treasury across the river from Buffalo or Black Rock, of the United States against fraud. The drawback from Detroit to Windsor, from Maine to Nova | provides that the tax on alcohol shall be re

bill for the payment of tax on alcohol. This allowed shall include all the taxes levied and paid upon the alcobol and rum exported, not, however, Scotia, from Brownsville to Matamoras; it is

turned as drawback on exportation. The exceeding sixty cents per gallon of proof-spirits. dodged about from one place to another under Mr. BOUTWELL. I will add to my subpretense of export until it gets back and floods | amended, that all alcohol is made out of spirits

presumption is, I suppose, under the bill as stitute the following from a proposition read the whole country, and heavy drawbacks are

that have paid the tax. But, sir, that is not claimed on it. More frauds are committed in by the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. LOGAN)

susceptible of proof excej in the case of the other day:

this way than in any other form. In this way
the revenue is defrauded, while the honest

alcohol which is produced by continuous disProvided, however, That no claim for drawback

tillation. There we may have identification. shall be allowed on either of the said articles which manufacturer is debarred from getting his

Alcohol may be made out of distilled spirits shall have been exported as a foresaid prior to the whisky to market. He must store it in the time at which this act shall take effect.

that have not paid any tax, and yet when the distillery warehouse, as I said, in the custody SEC. –. And be it further cnacted, That if any per- of the Government officers until the tax is paid. || compelled to pay these parties-not refund, for

alcohol is exported the Government will be son or persons sball fraudulently claim or seek to obtain an allowance of drawback on any article or He cannot even transport to a fire-proof warearticles aforesaid, on which au internaltax shall have house, which may be within a short distance

they did not pay anything--the amount of the been paid, or shall fraudulently claim any greater

tax that would be levied upon it. When you allowance or draw back than the tax actually paid

of his establishment, without subjecting himthereon as aforesaid, such person or persons shall forself to the severest penalties.

permit a man to take distilled spirits from the feit and pay to the Government of the United States

distillery and to transport them in bond, as

But the exporter can carry whisky all over triple the amount wrongfully or fraudulently sought

this bill provides, to a place where they can to be obtained; and on conviction thereof shall be the country with the amplest opportunity to

be rectified and manufactured into alcohol, imprisoned in the penitentiary for a period not less fraud, and he subjects himself to no penalty than one year nor more than ten years. except the forfeiture of his bond, which may

when it comes to be exported, in the nature

of things, it cannot be identified. Mr. BOUTWELL. Upon the suggestion be worthless; while the distiller is punished Mr. LOGAN. The bill, as amended, proof members of the Committee of Ways and by fine, imprisonment, seizure, and confisca

vides that all distilled spirits shall pay tax Means, I will modify my amendment so that tion of all his property if he is guilty of any the rules and regulations in regard to this draw. || fraud, or even neglects in the smallest details,

prior to removal from the distillery. Alcohol, back shall be prescribed by the Secretary of even to the failure to paint pipes, guess at the

therefore, must be made out of tax-paid whisky.

Mr. HARDING. Not necessarily. The the Treasury anu not by the Commissioner of capacity of his mash-tubs, or in the slightest | great frauds perpetrated are perpetrated in Internal Revenue ; perhaps that would be better. | particular violate a law that none but a lawyer

this way: we know there are many small dis. Now, I wish to say a few words to the Com- can understand. Why this severity on the dis

tilleries in garrets and cellars. These people mittee of the Whole in reference to this propo- || tiller and this leniency to the fraudulent pre

distill alcohol out of whisky that has never sition. As is very well known, I am in favor tended exporter who has partners in his fraud

paid any tax. of a system of transportation in bonds. I pro- || all along the lines? This whole system ought

Mr. LOGAN. You cannot make alcohol posed a plan of my own which did not meet to be made harmonious. If gentlemen desire the approbation of the Committee of the Whole. to impose such stringent requirements upon

in a rectifying establishment. Rectifying is I next sustained, as well as I was able, the the manufacturers of whisky to be consumed

only running it through charcoal.

Mr. HARDING. When alcohol is made proposition of the Committee of Ways and in this country, let everybody else be subjected Means for a system of transportation in bond. to similar requirements. Every gallon of whisky | this way, how is it to be identified? Only by

out of whisky that is manufactured illicitly in But the judgment of the Committee of the || that gets into the market fraudulently under Whole seems to be that there shall be no such pretense of export is just that much stolen from

affidavits, except in the case of alcohol from transportation in bond, but that the taxes upon the Government-that much stolen from the

continuous distillation. all distilled spirits shall be paid before the honest manufacturer who has to pay the tax or

[Here the hammer fell.] article is removed from the distillery ware- keep his whisky in the distillery warehouse.

ENROLLED BILL. houses. I am unwilling that the export trade || Hence the amendment of the gentleman from

The committee informally rose; and Mr. in distilled spirits shall be broken up; 'not lowa seemed to me to cover the difficulty ; and | Holman, from the Committee on Enrolled because the trade itself is of such importance to this amendment proposing to allow a drawback

Bills, reported that they had examined and the country as because of the fact that it is con- ought not to be adopted unless the amount of

found truly enrolled a bill H. R. No. 365, nected with a large trade in domestic products, the drawback be reduced from sixty to ten,

constituting eight hours a day's work for all cotton goods of various kinds, as a leading arti- | fifteen, or twenty cents at the utmost, and I cle of export to the coast of Africa, to South think it had better be stricken out altogether. || by or on behalf of the Government of the Uni

laborers, workmen, and mechanics employed America, to the Indian ocean, and to other Mr. BOUTWELL. I wisb merely to state

ted States; when the Speaker signed the same. parts of the world. The abolition of this trade my reason for putting the drawback at sixty is not limited to the five millions of exportcents. The committee knows very well that

MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. commerce in whisky or alcohol and rum ; but the specific tax per gallon has been fixed at

A message in writing was received from the it is quadrupled, perhaps multiplied tenfold, or fifty cents. The tax of four dollars per barrel President of the United States, by Mr. Moore, soon will be, in connection with other trade or ten cents a gallon increases the tax to sixty

one of his Secretaries. which cannot be successfully carried on, if cents; and the additional tax upon the capacity this be abolished.

INTERNAL TAX BILL-AGAIN. of the distillery amounts to three cents more Although I think the drawback system the li per gallon, making in all sixty-three cents tax. Mr. HARDING. I withdraw the amendleast desirable of the three propositions which I have limited the drawback to sixty cents, three ment. have been presented to the committee, I still cents less than the tax actually paid. Hence, Mr. MOORHEAD. I move to strike out cannot consent, after ascertaining the judg: | I think, there can be in this respect no ground "sixty" and insert" fifty" in the amendment. ment of the committee, that this branch of of complaint. I wish only to add that the Mr. Chairman, I am in favor of drawbacks. trade shall be abolished without making one drawback is limited to alcohol and rum. I am not in favor of destroying this export more effort for its continuance under a draw. 1 yield the remainder of my time to the trade; but I do not think there should be a back system pretty carefully guarded, as I ll gentleman from New York, [Mr. Griswold.] premium upon that foreign trade. I therefore

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

move to strike out sixty cents and insert fifty cents, the amount of the tax.

Mr. BOUTWELL. There is more than ten cents of special taxes.

Mr. MOORHEAD. I understand that. We propose to refund the tax, and that is fifty cents; and I do not think the special taxes ought to be refunded. I am a member of the Committee of Vays and Means, and I have not said a word on this subject, as I could not support the chairman in the view he took. The amendment of the gentleman from Iowa [Mr. Price] has been adopted, however, and I am glad of it. I think it is a good amendment. It seems to be impossible to transport whisky from the distilleries to the sea-board in bond without the perpetration of frauds. The whole country knows it. I agree in this bill there are guards and checks thrown around this transportation not before in existence; but, sir, we know they will do us as they have done heretofore, get their whisky to market withont paying any tax. I was opposed in committee to this transportation of whisky in bond, and also to these bonded warehouses, and I hope they will be entirely abolished. I am in favor of a drawback of fifty cents upon exported whisky, and I hope the amendment will prevail.

Mr. BENTON. I rise to oppose the amend. ment. I think there has been an exaggeration of the importance of this export trade. But still it would probably be bad policy to under: take to prohibit it, and if we are not disposed to prohibit it, we should not impose such clogs upon it as to discourage exportation. It certainly seems to me a tax of fifteen cents would have that effect. Now, as has been said by the gentleman from Massachusetts, a drawback of sixty cents would fall short of covering the amount paid on the gallon by at least from three to five cents. Now, while I think this export business of alcohol and rum is not to be specially favored in this country, still, under the present circumstances of our national indebtedness and the necessity of fostering and encouraging our manufacturing resources, I think we should not prohibit it.

Therefore I am opposed to fixing the amount of the drawback at such a rate as will amount to a tax of from thirteen to fifteen certs on the gallon. It seems to me if we allow any at all, such guards and restrictions should be imposed as to prevent all frauds and all impositions upon the officers of the Government, so as to secure an honest administration of the law. I think we should allow such a sum as will approximate very nearly to the amount of the tax paid.

The question was taken on the amendment of Mr. MOORHEAD, and there were-ayes 48, noes 52.

Mr. RAUM. I demand tellers.

Tellers were ordered ; and the Chair appointed Messrs. MOORHEAD, and Stevens of New Hampshire.

The committee divided; and the tellers were unable to agree as to the count.

The Chair ordered other tellers; and appointed Messrs. Cullom, and Washburn of Indiana.

The committee again divided; and the tellers reported—ayes 62, noes 42.

So the amendment was agreed to.

Mr. SCHENCK. I desire unanimous consent of the committee to stop debate on this section. I understand the amendment of the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. BOUTWELL] to be a substitute for sections fifty-one, fifty. two, fifty-three, and fifty-five.

Mr. BOUTWELL. I think the Chair stated it as a substitute for the fifty-first section.

The CHAIRMAN. It could be regarded as a substitute for the sections that have not been read only by unanimous consent.

Mr. SCHENCK. I ask unanimous consent that debate may cease on the pending section.

No objection being made, debate on the pending section was closed.

The question being taken on the amendment of Mr. BOUTWELL as a substitute for section fifty-one, it was agreed to.

Mr. SCHENCK. I now move to strike out sections fifty-two and fifty-three.

The motion was agreed to ; and the sections were accordingly stricken out, as follows:

Sec. 52. And be it further enacted, That distilled spirits inay be removed in bond, without payment of the tax, from a distillery warehouse, to be transported directly to an export bonded warehouse for the storage of distilled spirits, established at a port of entry as hereinbefore provided, on application of the distiller or owner of such spirits to the collector of internul revenue of the district from which such transportation is to be made, and under such rules and regulations, and after making such entries and executing such bonds and giving such other additional security, as may be prescribed by law and by regulations of the Commissioner of Internal Rev. enue, and after being inspected, gauged, proved, and inarked, as provided by this act. The entry to withdraw for transportation shall be made in triplicate, and shall designate the name of the distiller or owner applying for the transportation, the name of the place to which it is to be transported, with the name of the consignee or agent at such place, and a full designation of the whole route by which it is to be transported, whether by water, by railroad, or otherwise, and shall be in form as follows:

[Transportation entry to export warehouse.) Entry of distilled spirits to be withdrawn by from the bonded warehouse of —, in district State of —, for transportation to —, by-, via -, consigned to

And the entry shail specify the whole number of casks or packages, the inarks and serial numbers thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons and of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on such distilled spirits, all of which shall be verified by the oath or aflirmation of the distiller or owner of the spirits, who shall give his bond, executed in duplicate, with one or more sureties satisfactory to said collector, conditioned that the principal named in said bond will transport tbe distilled spirits as specified to the port of entry named, and that said spirits shall be entered on or before arrival there, and shall be deposited in the export bonded warehouse; also, that he will export the said spirits beyond the jurisdiction of the United States within six months from the date of said bond, or cause the same to be so exported; and the penal sum of said bond shall not be less than double the amount of the tax on such spirits. One of the entries shall be filed in the office of the collector, one shall be transmitted by said collector, with the bill of lading, 10. the collector in charge of exports at the port of entry to which the spirits are to be transported, and one, together with the duplicate of the bond, to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to be filed in his otiice. The removal from the warehouse of such distilled spirits for transportation shall be only after receiving the order or permit for the same, signed by the collector and addressed to the storekeeper, and after cach cask or package has been distinctly marked or branded, at the expense of the distiller or owner, as follows:

Bonded in -, district of -, for transportation to the port of -, in the State of .” (Insering, in each case, the number of the district and name of the State whence, and the name of the port and State to which the same is to be trangported.). The bills of lading for such transportation shall be not less than three in number, and shall contain the name of the owner or his agent, with the name of the collector in charge of exports as joint consignees at the port of entry to which the same is to be transported, with a full statoment of the whole route by which it is to be transported, and shall specify the marks and numbers on the casks or packages, and the name of the distiller of said spirits; two of said bills of lading shall be delivered to the collector of the district whence the spirits are transported, one of which shall be filed in his office, and the other transmitted by him, with the transportation entry, to the collector in charge of exports at the port of entry to which the spirits are to be transported. Every master of a vessel, conductor of a railroad car, and person in charge of any other vehicle by wbich distilled spirits are transported in bond by any route shall exhibit, on application of any officer of internal revenuo, a manifest particularizing the casks or packages of distilled spirits so transported; and any distilled spirits transported under bond from

one district to another shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture if found elsewhere than in regular transit on the route as prescribed in the entry for transportation of the same, or if, after arrival at the port of entry to which it was destined, it has not been entered for deposit in the warehouse as prescribed by law and regulation. Every collector shall report weekly, to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, all entries made of distilled spirits, for transportation in bond from their respective districts during the week, and of distilled spirits transported into such district from other districts.

SEC. 53. And be it further enacted, That before the arrival of any distilled spirits, transported in bond as aforesaid, at the port of entry to which it was destinod, or immediately on its arrival, the owner or agent named in the bill of lading as one of the consignees shall enter the samo for deposit in the warehouse; and said entry shall be in triplicate, and shall contain the name of the person applying to make the deposit, the designation of the export bonded warchouse in which the deposit is to be made, the district and State whence it was transported, with the date of the transportation entry, and the conveyance by which it arrived, or is to arrive, in forin, as follows:

[Entry for doposit in export bonded warehouse.) Entry of distilled spirits to be deposited by

in export bonded warehouse - which was

withdrawn for transportation by

from warehouse in the - district, State of on the day of, A. D. for trausportation to --

And the entry shall specify the whole number of casks or packages, with tbe murks and serial numbers thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons, and of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on the distilled spirits contained in them, as stated in the transportation entry, all of wbich shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of said owner or agent, which shall be attached to the entry, and be in foria as follows: I,

do solemnly swear that the distilled spirits described in this entry are the identical spirits described in the transportation entry made by

in - district, State of on the — day of

- AD, ; and that said spirits are the same in quantity, quality, value, and package, unavoidablo waste and damage excepted, as at the time of said entry for transportation.

The said spirits, after being entered, sball, on arrival at the port of entry, be unladen from the vessel, railroad car, or other conveyance by wbich they were brought, under the supervision of an officer of internal revenue designated by said collector in charga of exports, who shall also superyise the transfer or conveyance of the same to such export bonded warehouse as the collector may by written order designate; and, after being gauged and inspected by a United States gauger designated by said collector, shall be deposited in such warehouse and a return shall be immediately made by the gauger to said collector of such gauging and inspecting, and the tax shall be paid on any difference in the number of proof gallons as shown by the return of the gauger and the number of proof gallons stated in the entry to withdraw the distilled spirits for transportation, after deducting therefrom the allowance for actual loss by leakage, to be established, ascertained, and proved under such rules and regulations as the Commissioner of Internal Revenuo may prescribe. Ono entry for deposit in the warehouse shall be retained in the office of said collecior, one shall be transmitted to the collector of the district whence the transportation was made, and one sent to the Cowmissioner of Internal Revenue, to be recorded and filed in his office.

The Clerk read as follows: Sec. 54. And be it further enacted, That any distilled spirits may, on payment of the tax thereon, be witbdrawn from warehouse on application to the collector of the district in charge of such warehouse, on making a wi hdrawal entry, in duplicate, and in form as follows: [Entry for withdrawal of distilled spirits from ware

house. "Tax paid.j Entry of distilled spirits to be withdrawn, on page ment of the tax, froin warehouse by deposited on the day of —, A. D). by

in said warehouse. If withdrawn by any other person than the person who made the deposit, the authority for so doing sball be attached to the entry signed by the person who made the deposit, and be in form as follows: I authorize - to withdraw from warehouse

the distilled spirits described in this entry. And the entry shall specity the whole number of casks or packages, with the marks aud serial numbers thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons, muil of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on the distilled spirits contained in them; all of which shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the person making such entry; and on payment of the tax the collector shall issue his order to the storekeeper in charge of the warehouse for the delivery. Ono of said entries shall be filed in the office of the collector, and the other transmitted by him to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

No amendment being offered, the Clerk read as follows:

SEC. 55. And be it further enacted, That distilled spirits may be withdrawn for immediate export, without payment of the tax, from any warehouse at a port of entry where a collector has been designated by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to bave charge of all matters relating to the exportation of articles subject to tax under the laws to provide internal revenue, on application of the owner ihereof to the said collector, and under such rules and regulations, and after making such entries, and executing such bonds, and giving such other additional security,

may be prescribed by law and by the Commis. sioner of Internal Revenue. The entry for such exportation shall be in triplicate, and sball contain the name of the person applyiog to export, the name of the distiller, and of the district in which the spirits were distilled, the date of transportation from that district, and the name of the vessel by wbich, and the name of the port to which, they are to be exported; and the form of the entry shall be as follows:

[Entry for export of distilled spirits.) Entry of spirits distilled by --in-district, State of - - and transported thence on the - dicy of-, A. D. -, to be withdrawn from

warehouse by

for immediate export by him ou board tho whereof

is master, bound to

And the entry shall specify the whole number of casks or packages, the marks and serial numbers thereon, the quality or kind of spirits as known in commerce, the number of gauge or wine gallons aud of proof gallons, and amount of the tux on such distilled spirits; all of which shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the owner of the spirits, and that they are truly intended to be exported to the port of -, and not to be relanded within the limits of the United States; and said owner shall give his bond executed in duplicate, with one or more sure

[ocr errors]

.

port of

tics satisfactory to said collector, conditioned that the principal named in said bond will export the distilled spirits as specified in said entry to the port of—, and that the same shall not be landed within the jurisdiction of the United States. The penal sum Damned in said bond shall be equal to not less than double the amount of the tax on such spirits. For the discharge of any such export bond the same time shall be allowed, and the same certificates of landing and other evidence shall be required as is or may be provided and required for imported inerchandise exported from the United States, that the said spirits have been landed at the port named, or at any other port beyond the jurisdiction of the United States, or upon satisfactory evidence that the spirits have been lost after shipment. One bill of lading, duly signed by the master of the vessel, shall, when shipped, be deposited with said collector, to be filed at bis oflice with the entry, retained by him; one of said entries shall be sent to the collector of customs at said port of entry, and when the shipment is coinpleted the other entry shall be transmitted, with the duplicate of the bond, to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to be recorded and filed in his office. The removal of such distilled spirits from the warehouse for exportation shall be only after the receipt of an order or permit signed by the collector in charge of exports and directed to the storekeeper of the warehouse, and after each cask or package shall have been distinctly marked or branded, at the expense of the owner, as follows: "U. S. export warehouse; for export.” Before shipment the casks or packages shall be inspected and gauged alongsido of or on the vessel by an internal revenue gauger, designated by said collector in charge of exports, under such rules and regulations as the Commissioner of Internal Revenue inay prescribe; and on application of the said collector in charge of exports it shall be the duty of the surveyor of the port to designate and direct one of the custom-bouse inspectors to superintend such shipment. Thegiruger, as aforesaid, shall make a full return of such inspecting and gauging, certifying thereon that the shipment has been made, in his presence, on board the vessel named in the entry for export, which return shall be indorsed by said custom-house inspector, certifying that the casks or packages have been shipped under his supervision on board said vessel; and the said inspector shall make a similar certificate to the surveyor of the port indorsed on, or to be attached to, the entry in possession of the custom-house.

Mr. SCHENCK. I move to strike out that section.

The motion was agreed to. The Clerk read as follows: Sec. 56. And be it further enacted, That distilled spirits inay be withdrawn from any bonded warehouse other than an export warehouse for the purpose of being redistilled into alcohol within the city, town, or district in which such warchouse is situated, on application of the distilleror owner of such spirits to the collector of internal revenue of the district in which they are stored, under such rules and regulations, and after making such entries, and executing such bonds, and giving such other additional security as may be prescribed by law and by regulations of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. The entry to withdraw for redistillation shall be made in dupsicate, and shall designate the name of the distiller or owner applying for the redistillation, the name of the distiller and of the district in which it was distilled, the distillery in which it is to be redistilled, and by whom, and shall be in form as follows:

(Entry to withdraw for redistillation.] Entry of spirits distilled by

district, State of - to be withdrawn from the distillery warehousc by

for redistillation into alcohol by

at

distillery, and to be returned thereafter to the said warehouse.

And the entry shall spccify the whole number of casks or packages, the marks or serial numbers thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons and of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on such distilled spirits, all of which shall be verificd by the distiller or owner of the spirits, who shail givo bis bond, with one or more suretics satisfactory to said collector, conditioned that tho principal named in said bond will return the said spirits, and enter the same after redistillation into alcohol for deposit in the warehouse from which it was withdrawn, within thirty days from the date of said bond, and will pay the tax on any quantity of proof gallons so returned less than the number of proof gallons stated in the entry to withdraw the distilled spirits from the warehouse, and the penal sum of said bond shall be not less than double the amount of the tax on such spirits. One of the entries shall bd retained and filed in the office of the said collector, and the other transmitted to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to be filed in his office. The removal from the warehouse of such distilled spirits, for redistillation, sball be only after receiving the order or permit for the same, signed by the collector and addressed to the storekeeper, and after each cask or package bas been regauged and inspected, and distinctly marked or branded at the expense of the distiller or owner, as follows: "United States warehouse for redistillation."

Mr. ALLISON. I move to strike out that section. It is the same subject.

The motion was agreed to. The Clerk read the next section, as follows: Sec. 57. And be it further enacted, That within thirty days from the date of the bond given for the withdrawal from warehouse of any distilled spirits

for redistillation, the alcohol redistilled therefrom Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who sball keep shall be entered for warehousing by the distiller or a record of the distilled spirits received and how owner thereof, and deposited in the same warehouse used, and of the delivery of any articles from tho from which it was withdrawn; and the entry for warehouse, and make such reports as required of warehousing shall be made in duplicate, and shall storekeepers in other bonded warehouses; and no designate the name of the distiller or owner, the article manufactured therein shall be removed from warehouse in which it is to be deposited, and the date such warehouse except on an order or permit from of its withdrawal from said warehouse, and sball be the collector in charge of exports at such portof entry in form as follows:

for immediate transfer to the vessel by which it is to (Entry of alcohol for warehousing.)

be exported to a foreign country as hereinafter pro

vided. Any materials imported into the United States Entry of alcohol for warehousing by

in

may, under such rules as now exist, or as may herewarehouse, - State of - redistilled from

after be prescribed for the removal of imported goods spirits withdrawn by me from said warehouse on the into United States bonded warehouses, be removed - day of —, A. D.

in original packages from on shipboard or from And the entry shall specify the whole number of

bonded warehouses in which the same may be, into casks or packages, the marks or serial numbers the bonded manufacturing warehouse in which such thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons and of manufacture may be carried on, for the purpose of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on such being used in such manufacture, without payment alcohol. The said alcohol, after being gauged and of duties thereon. No articles so removed shall be inspected by a United States gauger designated by used except in the manufacture of any of the abovo said collector, shall be deposited in such warehouse; enumerated articles; and it shall be the duty of tho and each cask or package shall be branded or marked internal revenue storekeeper in charge of such bonded "alcohol," and with the name of the distiller thereof, manufacturing warehouse to personally see that said and serial numbers placed thereon; and a return articles are used in such inanufacture, and his certifishall be immediately made by the gauger to said col- cate of such articles having been so used shall bo lector of such bauging and inspecting, and the tax taken by the collector of customs of the district in shall be paid on any difference in the number of which such warehouse may be situated, in cancellaproof gallons, as shown by the return of tho gauger, tion of any bonds given for the payment of duties on and the number of proof gallons as stated in the entry such imported articles. to withdraw the distilled spirits for redistillation. SEC. 60. And be it further enacted, That alcohol or The distiller or owner of any alcohol so deposited in other distilled spirits required for use in the manthe warehouse shall give his bond, with one or moro ufacture of medicine, medical preparations, persuroties satisfactory to the said collector, conditioned

fumery, cosmetics, and cordials or liqueurs, composed that the principal named in said bond will, within in part of such spirits, may be removed from bonded six months from the date of said entry, withdraw the warehouse without payment of the tax, to be transalcohol specified in the entry for consumption or sale, ferred directly to a bonded manufacturing warehouso and pay the tax thereon; and the penal sum of such in the collection district, to be used in manufacturing bond shall be not less than double the tax on such the articles aforesaid, on application of the manalcohol. One of the entries shall be retained and ufacturer having such warehouse to the collector in filed in the ofice of said collector, and the other trans- charge of exports at such port of entry, and under mitted to tho Commissioner of Internal Revenue, to such rules and regulations, and after making such be filed in his office. Alcohol deposited

in any Uni- entries, and executing such bonds, and giving such ted States bonded warehouse may be withdrawn on other additional security as may be prescribed by law the payment of the tax, or for transportation in bond, and by the Commissioner of Internal Rerenue. Tho without the payment of the tax, to an export bonded entry for such removal and transfer shall be in dupliwarehouse established and designated at a port of catc, and shall contain the name of the person applyentry, and for export, in thesame manner and on the ing therefor, the kind of spirits, and the name of the same conditions, and the execution of such entries distiller and of the district in which it was distilled. and bonds in all respects as provided for in the case and designate the warehouse to which it is to be reof other distilled spirits.

moved; and the form of the entry shall be as follows: Mr. ALLISON. I move to strike out that [Entry of distilled spirits for manufacture in bond.) section.

Entry of to be withdrawn froin bonded warcThe motion was agreed to.

house in the district, State of -, by

-, to be manufactured by me for export from the The Clerk read the next section, as follows:

to iny bonded manufacturing ware

house in Sec. 58. And be it further enacted, That the Com- And the entry shall specify the whole number of missioner of Internal Revenue be, and he is hereby, casks or packages, the marks and serial numbers authorized to grant permits to curators or principal thereon, the number of gauge or wine gallons and officers of incorporated or chartered scientific insti- of proof gallons, and the amount of the tax on such tutions to withdraw alcohol in specified quantities distilled spirits; all of which shall be verified by tho from bond, without payment of the internal revenuo oath or affirmation of the distiller or owner of suid tax on the same, or on the spirits from which the spirits, also by the oath or affirmation of the person alcohol has been distilled, for the sole and exclusive making such entry, who sball give bis bond executed purpose of preserving specimens of anatomy, physi- in duplicate, with one or more sureties satisfactory ology, or of natural history, belonging to said insti- to said collector, conditioned that the principal named tutions: Provided, That the said curators or other in said bond will transfer the spirits specified in tho officers, on applying for such permit, shall file a bond entry to his bonded manufacturing warehouse, and, for double tho amount of tax on the alcohol to bo after using the same for manufacturing any of the withdrawn, with two good and sufficient suroties, who articles allowed by law, will enter for export all such shall not be officers of the institution making appli- articles in which said spirits have been used, and cation, said bonds and sureties to be approved by the export the same to some foreign port, and that such Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and conditioned articles shall not be landed or consumed within the that the whole quantity of alcohol so withdrawn jurisdiction of the United States. The penal sum from bond shall be used for the purpose abovo spe- named in said bond shall be equal to not less than cified, and for no other; and that the curators, or double the amount of the tax on such spirits. The other officers, shall comply with such other require- removal of such distilled spirits from the bonded ments and regulations as the Commissioncrof Inter- warehouse shall be only after the receipt of an order nal Revenuo may prescribe. And if any alcohol so or permit signed by the collector in charge of exports, obtained shall be used or allowed to be used by any and directed to the storekeeper of such warehouse, curator or other officer of said institution for any pur- and after each cask or package shall have been gauged poso other than that above specified, then tho said and inspected, and shall have been distinctly marked curators, officers, and suretics shall pay the tax on or branded, at the expense of the person making the the whole amount of alcohol withdrawn from bond, entry, as follows: "For removal to bonded manufactogether with a like amount as a penalty in addition turing warehouse of

One of said entries, thereto.

with the duplicate of the bond, sball be transmitted Mr. BUTLER. That section should be

by said collector to the Commissioner of Internal

Revenue, to be filed in his office, and the other entry stricken out. It provides for putting alcohol and bond shall be retained and preserved in the office in bond, and taking it out without payment of of said collector. tax.

SEC. 61. And be it further enacted, That medicines, I move that it be stricken out.

medical preparations, perfumery, cosmetics, and corMr. ALLISON. I think it ought to be dials or liqueurs composed in part of alcohol or other stricken out.

distilled spirits and manufactured in bonded manuThe motion was agreed to.

facturing warehouses as hereinbefore provided, shall

be withdrawn from such warehouses for immediato The Clerk read as follows:

export, without payment of tax and without having Sec. 59. And be it further enacted, That at any port stamps a fixed thereto, on application by tho manu

to the of entry bonded warehouses may be established, to

under such rules and regulations, and after making be known as bonded manufacturing warehouses, in

such entries and executing such bonds and giving which medicines, medical preparations, com posi- such other additional security as may be prescribed tions, perfuinery, and cosmetics, and cordials or

by law and by the Commissioner of Internai Reveliqueurs. composed in part of alcohol or other dis

nue. The entry for such exportation shall be in triptilled spirits, may be manufactured for export exclu

licate, and shall specify the name of the article to be sively, under such rules and regulations as the Commissioner of Internal Revenue may prescribe; and

exported, the number of packages, and the estimated

quantity in proof gallons of distilled spirits consumer no building, or part of a building, shall be designated

in the manufacturo of the article to be exported and for such warehouse which has openinga connecting it

the amount of the tax on such spirits; and in all with other buildings or other rooms in the same building, or which shall be within six bundred feet of any

other respects, so far as applicablo, the same forms

shall be observed and the same proceedings had as distillery or rectifying establishment, nor unless rec

provided for in regard to the export of distilled spirits; ommended by the collector of the district and the

and the proof required of landing the same beyond collector having cbarge of exports at such port of

the jurisdiction of the United States shall be the same entry, and approved by the Commissioner of Inter

as in the case of distilled spirits exported. nal Revenue; and such warehouses shall be used for manufacturing the articles aforesaid for export, and Mr. ALLISON. I move to strike out those for no other purpose, and shall be under the direction and control of said collector, and in charge of an

three sections. internal revenue storekeeper assigned thereto by the

The motion was agreed to.

-, in

:

swept away. Why, 100k at ito a compare it be on the motion of Mr. Farnsworth, there

The Clerk read the next section, as follows: far as to injure their investments, although acts supplementary thereto, in pursuance of SEC. 62. And be it further enacted, That all distilled they may be made in whisky. That it should which it is claimed, in the preamble to this spirits in any bonded warebouse shall within one bear a large portion of our burdens I believe, bill, these States have framed and adopted hundred days after the passage of this act be withdrawn from such warehouse, and the tax paid on the

but legitimate transactions should be fostered, constitutions of State government. Nor will saine; and the casks of packages containing said and the exactions of the law should be so I repeat the objections contained in my mes. spirits shall be marked and stamped and be subject enforced as to bring about their cheerful sage of the 20th instant, returning without my in all respects to the same requirements as if manu

observance by every one.

We can afford to factured after the passage of this act. And any dis

signature the bill to admit to representation tilled spirits remaining in any bonded warehouse for defend the upright dealer in whatever line of the State of Arkansas, and which are equally a period of more than one hundred days after the

business he may be; and even if we are per: | applicable to the pending measure. passage of this act shall be forfeited to the United States.

suaded that great frauds have been committed Like the act recently passed in reference to Mr. SCHENCK. I move to amend that

in the whisky traffic, yet we can all of us bring | Arkansas, this bill supersedes the plain and

to our minds many of our constituents who, ll simple mode prescribed by the Constitution for section by striking out the word "tax" in line

in a series of years, have been engaged in the admission 10 seats in the respective Houses four and inserting taxes." I offer that

making and selling that article, and have never of Senators and Representatives from the amendment because I am instructed by the

been known to deprive the Government of one several States. It assumes authority over six Committee of Ways and Means, when we reach dollar of taxes. It is difficult to bind bad men States of the Union which has never been section sixty-five, to move to add a provision

by even the most stringent laws; and so we delegated to Congress, or is even warranted that whisky in bond shall pay four dollars a

have the greater reason for legislating for the by previous upconstitutional legislation upon barrel as a special tax as well as whisky in

benefit of the honest, who, at last, have to pay || the subject of restoration. It imposes condithe distillery.

the penalty, in one way or another of the tions which are in derogation of the equal The amendment was agreed to.

shortcomings and frauds of the.dishonest. rights of the States, and is founded upon a Mr. O'NEILL. I move to strike out the Now, sir, I do not care to stand here as the theory which is subversive of the fundamental section. I do not see why the very hard con- special defender of the whisky sellers, either || principles of the Government. In the case dition proposed in this section should be put small or great; but I do stand here as the of Alabama it violates the plighted faith of upon those who have whisky in bond. There defender of the legitimate business men of the || Congress by forcing upon that State a conare many persons in this country, in all the country. I am always ready to vote for what stitution which was rejected by the people, cities on the sea-board, who have invested I believe to be right. I desire, if possible, to according to the express terms of an act of their money in whisky legitimately, either for increase the revenues of the Government, but || Congress requiring that a majority of the the purpose of home consumption or for ex: in seeking that object I am not willing to do an registered electors should vote upon the ques. portation. I cannot imagine why the commit act of injustice. I hope the section will be tion of its ratification. tee should insist upon putting these hard terms stricken out.

For these objections, and many others that on men who, perbaps to the extent of hundreds Mr. FARNSWORTH. I move that the com- might be presented, I cannot approve this bill, of thousands of dollars, in single instances mittee rise, so that the House may act on the and therefore return it for the action of Conhave invested in whisky, and who have a right veto message of the President on the “ omni- gress required in such cases by the Federal in fair business transactions to a profit on their bus'' reconstruction bill.

Constitution.

ANDREW JOHNSON, investment at the time when according to their Mr. SCHENCK. I hope the committee will own notions they should sell. I undertake to not rise till we have gone through with the

WAShington, D. C., June 25, 1868. say that the payment of this tax at the expira- provisions relating to special taxes.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I call for the pretion of one hundred days by some of these Mr. FARNSWORTH. There are many vious question. gentlemen would amount to so large a sum very good reasons why that veto message should The SPEAKER. The question is, Will the that their capital in this might be

on .

House, on reconsideration, agree to the pas

sage of this bill notwithstanding the objections with the bonded system in the customs depart- were-ayes 43, noes 46.

of the President? ment of the Government. Look how the Gov- Mr. FARNSWORTH. I call for tellers.

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I call for ernment protects the merchants who import Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. Farns. the previous question. goods from foreign countries. It does not WORTH and Pile were appointed.

Mr. ROBINSON. Would it be in order now make a sweeping law, saying to them, “In a The committee divided ; and the tellers

to move that this message be printed, and that hundred days you shall withdraw your goods reported—ayes 53, noes 36.

it lie over for consideration on a future day? for consumption, or if you do not you shall So the motion was agreed to.

The SPEAKER. It would be if the preforfeit them, and thus lose every dollar you The committee accordingly rose; and the vious question should not be sustained. have invested in them." I think, sir, that we Speaker having resumed the chair, Mr. BLAINE Mr. ROBINSON. I tried to get the Speakought to give the manufacturer of whisky, or reported that the Committee of the Whole on

er's eye to make that motion. the purchaser of whisky to sell again, the legit

: the state of the Union had, pursuant to the The SPEAKER. But the gentleman from imate business man, who has used his capital order of the House, had under consideration Illinois [Mr. FARNSWORTH) addressed the for the purpose of making money by it, the the Union generally, and particularly the Chair before the gentleman from New York, same chances that we give under the laws to special order, being House bill No. 1284, to [Mr. Robinson.] The gentleman from Peon. the importer of foreign goods. We allow him change and more effectually secure the collec: || sylvania, (Mr. STEVENS,) however, having had to-day the privilege of putting his goods in a tion of internal taxes on distilled spirits and || charge of the bill in its previous stages, was, bonded warehouse for one year without exact- tobacco, and to amend the tax on banks, and || by the usage, entitled to be recogpized. ing from him any penalty, giving him the right had come to uo resolution thereon.

Mr. ROBÍNSON. I hope the previous to withdraw them at any time within that

ENROLÉED BILLS.

question will not be seconded. year for consumption at home, to sell them in

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. For the the home market, and then, after that period Mr. HOLMAN, from the Committee on has expired, he has the further period of two Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee

information of the gentleman from New York, years to withdraw them, at an advance to be had examined and found truly enrolled bills | [Mr. Robinson,] I will simply say that there paid by him of ten per cent. upon the duties,

is not a word of news in this whole message. of the following titles; when the Speaker signed and if for exportation only, no advance upon the same:

(Laughter.] their withdrawal.

An act (H. R. No. 236) granting a pension | Pennsylvania wants “news,” had he not bet:

Mr. ELDRIDGE. If the gentleman from But here it is proposed to every one who is to John Q. A. Keck, late a private in the third doing business legitimately, simply because it Missouri cavalry; and

ter have read telegrams from various parts of is in whisky, that unless he take it out of bond An act (H. R. No. 347) for holding terms

the country showing the results of recent elec

tions? [Laughter.] within one hundred days, thus throwing mil

of the district court of the United States for lions of gallons upon a falling market, perhaps, the southern district of Illinois, at the city of

The previous question was seconded; there that the extreme penalty of forfeiture shall be Cairo, in said Ştate.

being-ayes 75, noes 26.

The main question was ordered. suffered. The severity of such an enactment REPRESENTATION OF SOUTHERN STATES. The SPEAKER. The question is, Will the would drive good men out of our community

The SPEAKER laid before the House a House, on reconsideration, agree to the pasand would stifle enterprise. We would have

message from the President of the United sage of this bill notwithstanding the objections bankruptcy all around us; and the citizen who States, which was read, as follows:

of the President? On this question the vote, feels that he has a right to embark in such occupation as he pleases would at once com

by the requirement of the Constitution, must To the House of Representatives :

be taken by yeas and nays. plain that instead of being protected in his In returning to the House of Representa

The question was taken ; and there were operations by just and fair laws he is made tives, in which it originated, a bill entitled the victim of such demands as must inevitably “An act to admit the States of North Caro

yeas 108, nays 31, not voting 55; as follows:

YEAS-Messrs._Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnell, lead to his destruction and utter ruin. lina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia,

Delos R. Ashley, Bailey, Baldwin, Beaman Beatty, I do not mean to espouse the cause of the Alabama, and Florida to representation in Benjamin, Benton. Blaine, Blair. Boles: Boutwell manufacturer or trader in whisky especially. || Congress,"'. I do not deem it necessary to state

Broomall, , , Cobb

Coburn, Cornell, Covode, Cullom, Delano, Dixon, The duty of Congress is not confined to im- || at length the reasons which construiu me to Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston. Ela, Eliot, Farnsworth. posing severe laws upon one class of business withhold my approval. I will not, therefore, Ferriss, Ferry. Garfield, Gravely. Griswold, Halsey, men only. To be sure we should not hesitate | undertake, at this time, to reopen the discus.

Harding, Hawkins, Higby, Hinds, Hooper. Chester

D. Hubbard, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Judd, Julian. Kelley, to provide for taxation, but let us be careful in sion upon the grave constitutional questions Ketsey, Ketchan, Koontz, George v. Lawrence, our efforts not to oppress our constituents 80 involved in the act of March 2, 1867, and the William Lawrence, Lincoln, Logan, Loughridge,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »