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Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Let me tion from my State I propose to insert the fol as also with abundance of fuel. None possesses more make a statement,

nach I desire, Mr. Speaker, to lowing:

extensive means to associate agricultural with manstare exactly wbat the matter is. There was

ufacturing industry; and by ceasing to remain land

Baricati For improvement of the Tennessco river according locked these districts would acquire a cheap and

the #or a bill passed

to the report of the survey made in compliance with commodious communication not only with the Gulf Mr. ALLISON. I withdraw my objection. the provision of the act of March 2 1867, and the

Blestat of Mexico, but also with the States bordering on the recoinnendation of the cbief of engineers, $615.000. I did not understand it.

this son Mississippi and Ohio. They would therefore parti

cipato in the benefits derived from cxternal and inI ask the attention of the House while I say Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I reserve the right

ternal commerce, and contribute their share to the tion of to object.

a word on this amendment. It is offered by national advantages arising from these two great Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Let me the united delegation from the State of Ten sources of wealth and revenue.

" 7. The country between the Sbenandoah and the make a statement, and then any one can object nessee, the other partions of the country inter

Holston is favorable to the location either of an easy who wants to. The bill passed the House and

ested in this amendment not being at present roador of a railroad. The distance from Port RepubSenate for the relief of merchants who had on represented. The Tennessee river is the sixth lic, head of navigation on the former strcam, to Knox

Flue ville, would be about three hundred and sixty miles. on the North American continent; the fourth

reporte hand or contracted for rum for exportation,

In this direction runs one ofthe routes examined for a but in the course of the passage of the bill the

within the limits of the United States; and, national road from Washington to New Orleans. "or' got changed to “and." By the change reckoned with its affluents and confluents, Should this route be adopted, and the Tennessee

The improved, the Chesapeake would become counected the third in extent of its navigation. It is of the word "or" to "and" it requires the

by water with the Gulf of Mexico, with the exceprum shall not only have been distilled but conobstructed at the Muscle shoals in northern tion of the above land communication. Such a con

nection would be highly beneficial to those rich and Alabama. The portion of the river which lies tracted for exportation before the 11th of Jan

fertile districts lying between the Shenandoah and above these shoals drains eastern Tennessee, uary. That renders the bill nugatory. It is

thollolston. not worth the parchment on which it is written. a portion of eastern Kentucky, southwestern ,*8. By improving the Tennessee, at the Muscle *IDA

shoals, the northern parts of Alabama will be open The mistake was discovered by the chairman / Virginia, western North Carolina, and the


to trade with the States situated on the Obio and of the Committee on Enrolled Bills, [Mr. northern part of Georgia. The attention of

tributaries. The articles of such trade will then Holman,] but it was then too late to correct it, Congress was early directed to this obstruction be brought into sair competition with those of the

samo kind raised in East Tennessee. in the commerce of tbat vast and fertile region except in the way now proposed. It does not

"9. While the improvement contemplated will cause open the door to any fraud whatever, but only

of country. More than forty years ago, under an increase of exports and imports, encourage the makes the bill what it was intended to be when an act passed the 30th of April, 1824, a survey production and afford cheapness to the consumer,

ther it was passed. was made and a report was published by Gen.

this section of country will become provided with

many articles of necessity and extensive use, whose eral Bernard, a copy of which I hold in my Mr. "WILSON, of lowa. It ought to be

expense of freight amounts now nearly to prohibition. referred to the Committee of Ways and Means.

hand. The report concludes as follows: Among these is salt, which is sold at the price of Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I agree "1. Were the Tennessee to be made navigable from

$1 36 the bushel; this price would fall one third were

it possible to import this article from New Orleans. Waterloo to Brown's ferry, steamboats throughout to that reference. the year, or at least eight months out of twelve,

“10. Should a safe and commodious navigation be The joint resolution was read a first and would be able to navigate tho river from its mouth

obtained at the Muscle and Colbert's shoals, the second time, and referred to the Committee to the Suck: that is to say, for a distance of more

value of public

and landed properties of North Ala

bama and East Tennessce would necessarily be raised than four hundred miles. During the boating season of Ways and Means. and by means of improvements at some places,

on account both of increase of trade and facility of Mr. HOLMAN. I wish to say that the mis steamboats might ascend as far as Kingston, and

exportation. take was not in the enrollment of the bill,

"11. Finally, the great military advantage which
even knoxville, about eighteen miles above the Suck.

ME has been pointed out by the board in their reports 2. Exclusively of the valleys of the Holston and occurred before that time. French Broad, the extent of country watered by the

on a national road from Washington city to New

Orleans, in relation to a route through Tennessee, Tenncgsce and tributaries inay be reckoned at twenDEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION BILL, ty-four thousand square miles, and its population

can be with equal force applied to a commodious Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I report census of 1820) at two hundred and eighty thousand

navigation from Knoxville to the Mississippi. In

deed, through this water communication the States inhabitants. The fertility of the soil, which is genfrom the Committee on Appropriations a bill erally a rich limestone clay, and the healthiness of on the Gulf of Mexico might, in case of foreign

0u3.5 (H. R. No. 1311) to supply deficiencies in the the clinate, insure, in time, to these districts a rapid

aggression orinternal disturbances, receive a prompt

and powerful relief from the hardy and dense popuincrease of hardy population. appropriations for the fiscal year ending the

lation of Tennessee. This consideration will acquire

"3. Cotton, hemp, tobacco, and grain of every kind 30ih of June, 1868, and for other purposes, may be deemed the main articles of cultivation;

a great weight on reflecting that the black populaand to move that the bill be made a special wine and silk bravo a fair prospect of succeeding;

tion of those States is daily increasing; and that order for Thursday next. iron, lead, coal, gypsum, and salt are the ininerais

having on the Gulf no barbor for men-of-war of the

first rate, our Navy will be unable to afford to this found in the valley of the Tennessee and its upper

Horn Mr. BENJAMIN. If that bill contains any branches, the Holsion and French Broad. To this

section of our maritime frontier the same bigh degree appropriation for extra compensation for clerks great and rich variety of products which, in the pres

of protection which she can lend to our coast on the

Atlantic." ent state of navigation, cannot conveniently find a in the Departments I must object. The SPEAKER. The rules in regard to

market, must be added valuable timber of various The then President of the United States, Mr.

descriptions, which would become an article of extenthe appropriation bills allow them to include

Adams, in his third annual message to Consive trade. contingencies for carrying on the various "4. The transportation of these valuable articles of gress, made the following recommendation on trado is now made in unwieldy flat-boats, which can

00 Departments of the Government.

that subject : descend the stream but at the period of freshots. Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Having During the remainder of the year, and more espe

“All the officers of both corps of engineers, with said that, sir, let me inform the gentleman it cially for the districts above the Muscle shoals, the

several other persons duls qualified, have been con

stantly employed upon these services from the pasaccess to any market is entirely interdicted; and does not include any such appropriation. while the population cannot take advantage of the

sage of the act of the 30th April, 1824, to this time. [Laughter.] fluctuation of price in the market their products are

Were no other advantage to accrue to the country The SPEAKER. The Chair will state for exposed during transportation to all the extra ex

from their laborx than the fund of the topograph.

ical knowledge which they havo collected and compenses, losses, deteriorations, and delays inseparable the information of the House that the one from a tedious and difficult navigation. Conse

municated, that alone would have been a profit to hundred and twentieth rule, which authorizes quently these products are virtually of much less the Union more than adequate to all

the expenditures contingencies for carrying on the several De value than they would be should the main obstruc

which have been devoted to the object; but the aptions of the river be removed.

propriations for the repair and continuation of the partments of the Government to be inserted

“5. A convenient navigation by facilitating the ex

Cumberland road, for the construction of various in appropriation bills, has been decided, as portation would not only causo an increase of prod

other roads, for the removal of obstructions from the will be found on page 14 of the Digest, not ucts, but also afford to the inhabitants the means

rivers and harbors, for the erection of light-houses,

beacons, piers, and buoys, and for the completion of of procuring in exchange the articles raised or manonly permits amendments increasing salaries, ufactured in other sections of country; and these

canals undertaken by individual associations, but but was framed for that purpose. That in the articles, by becoming cheaper on account of a less

needing the assistance of means and resources more Digest is the bistorical comment on the rule. expensive transportation, would fall to a price ac

comprehensive than individual enterprise can comMr. HOLMAN. I reserve any point of cessible to a greater number of consumers. At this

mand, may be considered rather as treasures laid up time the importsinto these districts are chiefly made

from the contributions of the present age for the benorder that may properly be made in Commit by wagons coming from Nashville, and even, when

fit of posterity than as unrequited applications of the tee of the Whole against any item in the bill, the Ohio is not navigable, froin Baltimore and Phil accruing revenues of the nation. To such objects of The bill was read a first and second time,

adelphia. Hence it is easy to auticipate how much permanent improvement to the condition of thecoulof the expense of such transportation inust add to

try, of real addition

to the wealth as well as to the comreferred to the Committee of the Whole on the the original cost of the articles; but in order to be fort of the people. by whose authority and resources state of the Union, ordered to be printed, and more precise on this point, we beg leave to submit they have been effected, from three to four million here the statement made in 1820, in the very able

of the annual income of the nation have, by law3 made the special order for Thursday next after report of the commissioners appointed by the States enacted at the three

first sessions of Congress, beel), the morning hour, and from day to day until of Tennessee and Alabama to examine the Muscle applied without intrenching upon the necessities of disposed of. shoals.

the Treasury, without adding a dollar to the taxes or 'According to said roport the transportation from

debts of the community; without saspending even the RIVER AND HARBOR BILL. Nashville to Knoxville ainments to fifty dollars per

steady and regular discharge of the debts contracted Mr. ORTH. I call for the regular order. ton; the same weight might be transported from in former days, which,

within the same three years Florence to Knoxville (were the Muscle shoals im have been diminished by the amount of nearly sixThe House accordingly resumed the regular proved) for fifteen dollars, to which adding five dol

teen million dollars. order, being the bill (H. R. No. 1046) making lars for toll, would make the wholecost twenty dollars,

Four hundred thousand acres of land were and consequently produce an economy of thirty dolappropriations for the repair, preservation,

lars per ton. Again, the average freightin steamboat and completion of certain public works, and

appropriated for this work. It was under

. from New Orleans to Florence is stated to be twentyfor other purposes. The pending question was five dollars per ton, from which we infer that by add

taken and prosecuted with success until a gen: on the amendment of Mr. BAKER, to insert the ing to it the twenty dollars for transportation from

eral change took place in the policy of the Florence to Knoxville, forty-five dollars would be following:

Government on the subject of internal imthe cost of transportation of a ton from New Orleans For improvement of harbor of Alton, Illinois, to Knoxville; that is to say, fiye dollars less than the

provements. Subsequently, during the admin$6.000. actual cost of transportation in wagon from Nasb

istration of Mr. Fillmore, $50,000 were appro The SPEAKER. Debate is exhausted on

ville to Knoxville. Therefore, were the Tennessee
improved, the transportation from New Orleans to

priated, to be expended between Knoxville and the amendment. Knoxville would cost less than from Nashville to

Chattanooga under the direction of the War The amendment was disagreed to. Knoxville.

Department, and the immediate supervision of *6. No section of country is better provided than Mr. MAYNARD. In behalf of the delega this withoumerous and copious never failing streams,

a board of commissioners, of whom Governor Brownlow was one. Under this appropriation

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can be with equal farre applied to ani

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ale powerful rclict in a thebaino
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grat weight on reflecting 31
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having on the Gulf no barbert,"
brt rate, our Navy will be ucitet
sertion of our maritimefractie te
of protection which she can leader

The then President of the larges

Jaws, in his third aongal cas of gress, made the following re

That subject :

"All the officer of bath corp! reseral other perso os dels qualitat

stantly employed upon the ser huin piers, and buós, It and be coneiderei muerte er bare been offerted, mothy the patineuse of the 14

the crn2015, there y and reguladechargear is the been disainished by the

JS to be erpended bams OBE. .


we also with abundance of feel. None procent
much valuable assistance was afforded to the

nitude of its water-powers; the fortility of its soil, 1 number of people to be benefited by it. Because of extensive means to 35ciate uritatan :

render it capable of being made the central manu Muscle shoals and a few other obstructions above ufacturing industry; and ty casino

navigation of that portion of the river; and line locked these districts would acquireann

facturing district of the United States. It has ad from twelve to fourteen hundred miles of the river, the works then erected remain to this day in pith

although navigable at almost all seasons of the year, conimodioas comunication De only in

vantages for the manufacture of iron not enjoyed by the i of Mexico, but also with the Staten bilder

attestation of the wise economy which devoted any other portion of the United States. Lying con prove of little benefit to the country. The finest Mississippi and Obio. 'They would that

this sum to their prosecution. The last Con tiguous to many thousand square miles of coal fields, iron ore mines and coalfields in tbe country skirting cipate in the beneata derived from evenez

inexhaustible beds of iron ore are found. This coal the shores of this river and its tributaries demand may gress made an appropriation to have this por

is remarkably free from sulphur, and every other no higher price than the land will bring for agriculternal commerce, and contributors: by pational advantages arising from a p tion of the river resurveyed. That work was

tural purposes. And although the valley of the Tenmaterial entering into the manufacture of iron is done, and a report was submitted to the House | abundant, all situated in a region of unbroken for nessce is as remarkable for agricultural purposes as ell soures of wealth and revenge.

ests. While nature has been so lavish in its gifts, it for its mineral wealth, notwithstanding, for the want *7. The country between the Sbergiat. in the latter part of March, and was printed on ter

of cheap transportation of its product to market, its Holston is favorable in the lostinez

has not granted the boon of cheap water transportathe 30th April, too late to have it considered tion. The Tennessee river, this natural highway to value and selling price are wonderfully low. ent roador of a railroad. The distade from Pror

by the Committee on Commerce so as to be market, is closed by natural obstructions at Muscle Ith lic, head of navigation on thejorar seuI

I know of nointernalimprovementso much needed, ville, would be about three hundred

nor one that would make as satisfactory returns, reported in this bill. I ask the attention of the

shoals. It is impossible to develop the natural reIn this direction rubs one of tberaten.

sources of this section except by the aid of water The people to be especially benefited are the loyal nd, Dational road from Washioning is House to a portion of that report, which I send transportation. Its wealth lies now almost entirely

Enst Tennesseeans and the northern Alabamiang. to the Clerk's desk.

undeveloped. The Government of the United States The people of no other portion of the county suffered . Should this route be adopted, and the The Clerk read as follows:

is alone authorized to open this river, and the interimproved, the Chesapeake Bond berezi ca

as inuch on account of their loyalty to the Governby water with the Gulf of Merin, To:

ests of the commerce of the whole country domand ment as these, and there seems to be no better way "The total amount which I recommend to be appro your speedy assistance."

of recognizing that loyalty, or a more substantial tra tion of the above land como una priated for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1869, for

way of'rewarding them, than by making this improveles Dection would be bighls benefrati testi.

The following letter has been addressed to the improvement of the Tennessee river, is there

ment. fertile districts lyiaz between the path fore $605,000, and for the survey above mentioned,

me by the Goveruor of Alabama :

But I will not occupy your time with a more thellolston.

$10,000. ***. By improring the Ternera, at the be

extended statement. From other sources at your "In addition to the many good reasons given in the


command you will be able to obtain such informathe sboals, the northern parts of Aus* appended report for making the improvement at

tion as you may desire to enable you to form an

MONTGOMERY, June 5, 1868.
D) Irade with the State strated 14th this time, and to those wbich have been given by the

of tributaries. The arudies of the
many able men who have reported on this subject

Sin: I take the liberty of addressing you upon the I renain, truly, yours. nu be brought into fair compete with during the last forty years, there occurs to me that

subject of reinoving obstructions from the Tennesseo

WILLIAM J. BOARDMAN, on rame kind raised in East Teorette pot only would a work be done which should have river so as to render that stream navigable froin its

lIon. R. P. SPALDING, Washington, D.C.. been done years ago, but which would have repaid 2. While the improvementeleapta

mouth to Knoxville, Tennessce. This is a question der an increase of exparts and press the Government a large interest, but that it would

of much importance to extensive sections of country', I hope this amendment will prevail. peyperduction and atord cheapness be the means of giving a poverty-stricken community

and is of material interest to youriminediate constit-
ucnts. It is taken for granted, of course, that you

Mr. ELIOT. I rise to oppose the amendthis section of country will be you!

an opportunity to recover from the disastrous effects
of a war, and give employment to a large class of

fully appreciate the importance of this enterprise. ment.
thany articles of necessity and en

The gentleman from Tennessee [Mr. my expense of freight amounts out to deserving people who are said to be out of employ

But inasmuch as the interest involved is widespread MAYNARD) is correct in saying that in the act ment.

--not being limited, by any means, to the length of Am og these is sit, which is $.j.

the river itself-I hope to be excused for soliciting

of March 2, 1867, there was an order for a sur. 31.o the bushel: this price wcaliti

"I am perfectly confident that if the distinguished pon soldiers who commanded our arinies operating along your active coöperation in its behalf.

vey of the Tennessee river, or else it was in a "10. Sboulia safe and coon15 the line of this river, during the late war, would be

The Muscle shoals between Decatur and I'lorence, separate resolution, I am not quite sure which.
obtained at the Vascle en la
called upon to testify in this matter, that it would be

Alabama, form the greatest obstacle to the naviga-
found that enough money would have been saved to
tion of this stream. Around these shoals a capal was

That survey has been made, and I hold the
Vaide of public and la dei poprad
the quartermaster's department by an improved

constructed some twenty-five or thirty years ago. report in my hand with a letter from the Secrebaula and East Teo Dessee we ** river, in one campaign, to have trebly paid the ex

But it was never operated practically, except to a tary of War. The report did not come to the pense of doing the work."

limited extent, for the reason, mainly, that the locks
of the canal were of such contracted dimensions that

Committee on Commerce until after the bill
Mr. MAYNARD. Mr. Speaker, when it

only very small boats could pass through them. The had been prepared. But if it had, it would was known that this examination had been

canal, however, is in a well preserved condition, and have been entirely impossible for an appromade the people in that part of the country

with a proper enlargement of the locks it might eas-
ily be made available for navigable purposes.

priation to have been recommended such as revived their former interest in the work. They

I presumo that forinal petitions have been pre is now offered. From the mouth of the Tenassembled in conventions and prepared numer

sented to Congress praying an appropriation for the nessee river at Paducah to Florence, in Alaously signed petitions to Congress; they have

purpose of opening tbe river to navigation. This
could be done with an amount of money which, to

bama, there is a distance of four hundred and sent delegations here, and are more deeply

the General Government, would be inconsiderable. thirty-six miles; from Decatur, in Alabama, to interested in this improvement than in any

To that Government alone can we look for the open Chattanooga, the other bend of the river, is a

ing of the river, The success of this enterprise would ol other industrial question that has engaged their || develop, incalculably, the commercial, mineral, agri

distance of one hundred and eighty-six miles. I ask the attention of the cultural, and other resources of the regions washed That covers the whole length of the river, ex. House to an extract from one of these peti.

by the river, and greatly contribute to the general cepting ninety from Florence to Decatur. tions;

prosperity of the country. It is therefore carnestly
hoped that the necessary appropriation for the pur-

Now, sir, of this appropriation of $600,000,
"Recently a survey and estimate of the cost of
pose will be made by Congress.

as I understand it, about four hundred thouremoving obstructions and completing the unfinished

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

sand dollars would be wanted on the ninety canal at the Muscle sboals has been made in com

R. M. PATTON, pliance with an act of Congress, by which it was as

Governor of Alabama.

miles distance between Florence and Decatur certained that the work on the canal at the Muscle Hon. Horace MAYNARD, Washington, D.C.

for the purpose of constructing a canal, which shoals, performed thirty-four years ago, is now in a stilte ofálmöst perfect preservation, and by reference

I add a passage from a letter addressed to

very possibly it may be right to do one of these to the report it may be seen that certain obstructions me by some gentlemen of intelligence living

days, but which, it seems to the committee, it may be removed, and that said canal may be carried at Kingston, near the confluence of the Ten. would not be right to recommend at this time. on to completion, and thereby establish for eight months in the year a navigation from the mouth of nessee river and the Clinch, one of its largest

Now, I have no doubt, from the report which the river to Knoxville for less than $800,000, and that tributaries :

I have and after a conference with the engi.. the river can be rendered permanently navigable for

This subject is one of the greatest importance to

neers at the War Department, that there ought the entire year has been fully demonstrated by the

the whole of East Tennessee, and the people are look to be an appropriation made for the purpose of survey.

ing anxiously for you to use your utinost endeavors the Tennessee river, and I propose to amend "The Tennessee river is among the forty-six prin

to have the river opened from Knoxville to the Ohio.
eipal pavigable streams of North America, the sixch
On this depend the wealth and future prosperity of

the amendment of the gentleman from Tennesin importance. It is, with its tributaries, more than

the entire section, for, as you well know, it will be the see by substituting for it the following: three thousand miles in lengts, of which eight hun

only really available means of transportation for the To improve the Tennessce river from its mouth to dred miles are narigable, and with the improvevast amount of coal and iron with which East Ten

Florence, Alabama, $15,000. bionts we aşk for thirteen hundred miles in addition

nessee abounds, and if we can succeed in getting the To improve the river from Chattanooga, Tennessee, can be rendered navigable, It drains one hundred proper appropriations we can then offer such induce

to Decatur, Alabama, $90,000.
counties (situated in the eight States of North Caro-

ments to capitalists and laborers to immigrate that
lina, Sonib Carolina, Virginia, Tennessce. Alabaina,
the now nearly uninhabited mountains and valleys

That will give to this river the benefit of all the
Mississippi, Georgia, and Kentucky) with an arca

of East Tennessee will be filled with thriving manu improvement that is reasonably called for exof fitty-five thousand nine hundred and sixty square facturing towns and villages."

cepting that between Florence and Decatur, miles, which now supports a population of one mil

kindly permitted to use a letter liou seven thousand two hundred and ninety-six, as

which I think ought to be the subject of further by census of 1860. It traverses a section unsurpassed

addressed to my excellent friend from Ohio, examination. I will say that upon conference in the fertility of its soil, salubrity of its climate, and (Mr. SPALDING :)

with the Committee on Commerce my amendvariety of its agricultural and mineral productions,

CLEVELAND), June 23, 1868. by those of any other part of the United States. It

ment meets with their approval, excepting that

My Dear Sir: Thinking that possibly, amid the presents to you in addition to thescother reasons Fliy

of my friend from Illinois, (Mr. WASHBURNE;] it appeals to you for assistance. It is surrounded in

many matters requiring your attention on your return

to Washington, you might forget to examine the and I suggest to the gentleman from Tennessee a great measure by a cordon of mountain ranges, the matter which formed the subject of a conversation that it will be better for him to accept the wealth and resources of which are but partially do I had with you at Newark, I have corcluded to call veloped. These inountain ranges contain coal tields

amendment which I offer, and withdraw the your attention to the same by letter. I observo in and beds of iron ore more extensive and as valua ibis morning's paper that the citizens of St. Louis | larger one which he has offered. ble as those of Pennsylvania. The beds of iron ore and Cincinnati, through their respective Boards of tír. STOKES. I wish to make an appeal lic contiguous to the coal, affording ready facilities Trade, bave instructed thoir Representatives to use for producing yearly as much iron az that now pro their influence in obtaining an appropriation to

to my colleague, [Mr. MAYNARD.] I ask him duced in the whole United States. Mines of copper improve the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. I infer to accept the amendment offered by the gentleupon its tributaries rank third in the production of from this moment that Congress is about to con man who has charge of this bill in behalf of the the United States. Limestone, sandstone, grit stone, sider the matter of making internal improvements.

Committee on Commerce. After having canand marble exist in quantities and qualities ex: Although personally interested in the improvement ceeded by no other section. Zine, lead, salt, and of the Tennessee river, I would not urge an appro

vassed the whole matter I am satisfied that it petroleum are found. This river drains a section, priation for that purpose did I not entertain the is for the best interest of the country and for almost every acre of which is capable of the highest opinion, founded on information obtained from my

the people upon the line of the river, and I State of cultivation. Three fourths of the surface is own observations, made during frequent visits to in a state of nature, and covered with large-sized that section since the war, that whatever expense ask my colleague to accept the proposition. trees of those kinds most used for manufacturing pur may be necessary to make that river navigable from Mr. MAYNARD. There is an old adage poses. Its svater-powers are not equaled by those its mouth to the fork of the Clinch would very soon

down in my country that my friend understands of any other portion of the United States, combining be returned to the Government. advantages for manufacturing equal to any other You will, I tbink, find on examining the surveys the meaning of, that “bálf a loaf is better section of the United States. Its central position; and estimates of those who have made them through

than no bread." [ yield to his appeal that I its temperate climate the proximity of the cotton the appropriations made last year, that the expenso

shall accept the modification suggested by the States; the proximity of markets: the superabun of making the kind of improvements required will dance of material; the number, excellence, and mag be swall cousidering the extent of country and the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. Eliot, ].

attention for years.

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and I hope in that shape it will be conceded in experimenting upon and testing the value of Mr. ELIOT. I cannot consent to go back

shifting sluices and other applicability to the said to allow that amendment to be offered. The Mr. MULLINS. I move to amend the improvement.

matter is now properly left discretionary with amendment by increasing the appropriation

This amendment is offered on account of

the Secretary of War. $10,000, and I do it for the purpose of making the change in the character of navigation on The SPEAKER, Line ninety-six having a few remarks. The people most interested

the Ohio river. Formerly, during low water, been passed, an amendment to that part of the in the improvement of this river are those by means of wing-dams, the water was thrown

bill is not in order without unanimous consent; living above Chattanooga. To be sure it is a into a narrow channel, where a single steam

and the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. densely populated stream from there to its

boat could pass through. These wing.dams Eliot] objects. mouth, but that portion of the country that lies

now prove to be obstructions to a large fleet Mr. HINDS. I ask unanimous consent to adjacent to my district is immediately inter

of coal boats that are required by the manner have printed in the Globe a memorial from the ested in that obstruction which is known as in which business is now conducted. By the Legislature of the State of Arkansas on this

dirict the Muscle shoals. This river is one of those ingenuity of some of our engineers out there

subject. streams that gives water at all seasons of the

a plan has been devised by which these wing. The SPEAKER. If there be no objection year. There perhaps, but the fewest number | dams can be shifted or sunk when occasion

leave will be granted. of streams in any portion of the country south requires, so that boats can run over them.

There was no objection.

Langh that give a greater volume of water than the Colonel Roberts, civil engineer in charge of The memorial is as follows:

impront Tennessee river gives. But until the obstructhe improvements on the Ohio river, thinks

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representation known as the Muscle shoals is overcome the plan very important and of great value. I

tives in Congress assembled :

] be navigation both above and below cannot be

do not ask for any increase of the appropria. Your memorialists, the constitutional convention dered considered as anything like complete. The tion, but only that a certain portion of under of the State of Arkansas, respectfully represent that

could be the Arkansas river, during the season of low water, the discretion of the Secretary of War, may greatest detriment to the navigation of that

is so obstructed by snags and sand-bars as to render stream from its head to its mouth is known to

be used in making these experiments. I hope the navigation difficult and hazardous; but that by be the Muscle shoals. That is a point in the my amendment will be adopted.

the appropriation and proper outlay of a small sum

Mr. ELIOT. stream where it breaks through the spurs of

The gentleman from Penn: of money the said river, between the points desig.

nated, could be rendered navigable during the entire the Cumberland mountains, or an offshoot of sylvania (Mr. MOORHEAD] showed an amend.

season, and would open a thoroughfare of inland the Cumberland mountains. The river is obment to me, stating that he proposed to offer communication to a rich agricultural district, facilis

Langi tate the transportation of the mails, and afford to it, and desiring that I would make no objection structed by many bowlders lying there, incal

the settlements embraced in the country tributary to culable in size, so as to make it almost unnavi.

to it. It was altered at my instance so as to the Arkansas the speedy development of the various gable at some seasons of the year, while even leave the expenditure of the money for the resources of that section of the country, abounding

in lumber, agricultural, and mineral wealth, besides at the highest tide it is very difficult for a steampurpose of making these experiments discre

affording facil ties for reaching the trade and erboat to go up and down. The main point is a tionary with the Secretary of War. I cannot

change of the Indian country west, and affording to caval around the Muscle shoals. An approassent to the amendment, for the reason that the Government a more speedy access to that region,

Your memorialists, therefore, ask that an approI do not know enough about the character priation was made for that purpose some time

priation of $100.000 be made for the improvement of ago, and some work was done. But a spirit

of the appropriation asked for to be able to said river. And your memorialists will ever pray. Lught gotinto the party, and it became almost ignored say whether the Secretary of War ought to

Mr. NIBLACK. I move to amend by inby the General Government. However, before

be directed in any way to appropriate a por. serting after line one hundred and two the fol. that species of political legislation got up, they

tion of this money in the manner proposed. || lowing: went on to cut that canal, and they walled it

For the improvement of the Wabash river and its up in part , and I am informed by the gentle | improvement of the Ohio river was $500.000;

navigable tributaries, $50,000. man who superintended its survey that the and the engineers called for the expenditure

Mr. Speaker, after the disposition already of $500,000 during this coming fiscal year. stone work which was done there is as good a

manifested by the House, I cannot entertain The committee have cut down the expenditure | much hope that it will appropriate a very large character of work as ever was done on the continent. Many of the trees which have grown

asked for one half, recommending an appro amount of money for the improvement of MI up on the bank of that canal have listed up the priation of $250,000. Now, the object of this

internal rivers; but if any appropriation is to amendment is to apply a portion of that appro. mason work; but it stands there now, the

be made for any river I submit that the priation to the point named by the gentleman stones cemented fast together, although lifted

Wabash is as much entitled to an appropria. from Pennsylvania, [Mr. Moorhead.] It may up from the base, and a very small amount

tion as any other river that has been named be all right; I do not know that it is pot; more will complete the work so that navigabut I do not know that it is; and it seems to

in the bill. It furnishes the means of transtion will be open from the mouth of the river

portation for portions of two States, the States me that it would be incorporating into the bill to its head. Its heads and its tributaries have

of Indiana and Illinois. White river is an already been indicated by my colleague [Mr. a provision different from any now contained

important tributary to it, and is also navigable in it, if in the case of a general appropriation for boats of all classes during a portion of the

he MAYNARD) who moved an amendment to this bill. There is no country and no people who have of this kind the Secretary of War should be

year. directed to apply a specific part of the money

There are some slight obstructions in been more necessitated to have an appropria

the Wabash river and its tributaries, which the to a designated point. But if the matter is tion made for relief, both above and below,

amount of money I have indicated would parleft discretionary with him the objection may than of this section. It lies immediately upon be obviated.

tially remove. This is to open up these rivers my southern border. I cannot for one moment's

for the purposes of commerce;

and if we are to Mr. MOORHEAD. I modify my amendtime hesitate to return thanks to the gentleman

extend our commerce by opening up our rivers in charge of this bill for even this little amount. ment so as to make the amount $18,000, I

to the ordinary class of vessels, at least, I do It is better than no appropriation at all, of must say that after the conversation which I bad

submit the Wabash river is as much entitled course.

with the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. At the same time it may go far to

to the consideration of Congress as any other Eliot] I am very much astonished at the keep all hands employed for a time, and relieve

stream mentioned in this bill, aside from the them to some extent.

remarks he has just made. If the House has But the great burden is

Ohio and Mississippi. I offer the amendment listened to my remarks I think there can the Muscle shoals. You only want to sink the canal a little deeper; it never was sunk deep engineer

in charge of this improvement may, be no objection to the proposition that the

in good faith, and if we vote for any this one

should be adopted. enough; a little further depth will give ingress under the direction of the Secretary of War,

Mr. ELIOT. I rise to oppose the amend, if he deems it advisable, use this money, or any

ment. It is obvious, Mr. Speaker, we could (Here the hammer fell.)

not pass a bill of this description aceeptable to portion of it, in devising a system which we Mr. MULLINS. I withdraw the amend

a majority of the House unless on some printhink will be worth millions in the improve ciple. Now, there has been no examination ment to the amendment. The amendment of Mr. MAYNARD, as modi

ment of our western rivers. I, in company made, there has been no survey, there have

with some other gentlemen, examined this fied, was then agreed to. matter in the office of Colonel Roberts, the

been no estimates, and we should move in the The Clerk then read as follows: engineer, who told me that he did not know

dark as to the character and mode of this pro: For improvement of the Upper Mississippi river

experiment unless there should be a direction how much is wanted and how it could be beste that he could expend the money to make this posed improvement; and,


, there is no mortal and removing snags and dredging, $60,000.

For construction of dam and lock at Little Falls, Minnesota river, $30,000.

of this kind from the engineer department, or Forimprovement of ihe Des Moines rapids, $900,000. a provision inserted in this bill. I hope tbat

carried on. I hope the gentleman from IndiFor improvement of the Rock Island rapids, the amendment, as I have modified it, will be

ana, who, by the way, has not been friendly to $200.000. adopted.

this bill, if he desires there should be a recom; For improvement of the mouth of the Mississippi river, $100.000.

The amendment was agreed to.

mendation in favor of it, will have it included For improvement of the Mississippi, Missouri, and

in the fourth section of the bill, and have it

Mr. HINDS. I ask unanimous consent to Arkansas rivers, $185,000.

examined. It would be utterly impossible to For improvement of the upper Missouri river, go back and move an amendment, inserting | adopt the amendment offered by him without $60,000. after line ninety-six the words provided, that I destroying the character of the bill

. saya For improvement of the Illinois river, from its mouth toward La Salle, $100.000,

For improvement of the Ohio river, $250,000. each of said rivers ;" so that the clause wifi description, without recommendation from the Mr. MOORHEAD. I move to add to the read

War Department, sbould be put upon the bill last clause read the following:

For improvement of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Arkansas rivers, $185,000: Provided. That an

by those who are unfriendly to it, I should feel of which a sun not exceeding, $20,000 may be equal amount be expended in improving cach of said

myself constrained to ask the House to postapplied, under the discretion of the Becretary of War,

pone it to a future time.

and egress.


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serting after line one bundred and

zied on. I hope the gentes

who, br the war. bis DM OBE.

Mr. ELIOT. I cannot consent to X

Mr. BROMWELL. I move to strike out

It will not cut off amend. The Clerk read as follows:
to allow thai amendment to be ofered
« Wabash" and insert "Embarras."
ments; only debate.

Forimprovement of Penobscot river, Maine, $30,000. matter is now properly les discretányt of the Secretary of War. Mr. GARFIELD. That will embarrass the Mr. PHELPS. That is the very thing I Mr. ROOTS. I offer the following amend.

object to. on The SPEAKER. Line ribetst be bill. [Slaughter.)

ment, to come in after that clause : Mr. BROMWELL. It is the bill itself Mr. ELIOT, I move that debate on the

For improvement of White river, in Arkansas, been passed, an amendment to the para bill is not in order without unanimiti se which will embarrass the country. [Renewed | pending section be closed.

$78,000. laughter. If the public Treasury is now to Mr. PHELPS. Will that prevent me from am and the gentleman from Maeseburea i

The amendment was disagreed to. ams Eliot) objects. be poured out upon the little streans in all making an explanation of an amendment?

Mr. BLAINE. Would it be in order to go leet

The SPEAKER. If the motion is agreed back to the preceding paragraph and move to Mr. HINDS. I ask onanincs terek,

the byways and places of the country, then the iner have printed in the Globe a memora, bu Embarras river should not be neglected. It to it will

strike out "$3,000" and insert "twelve and a connects two districts. It flows out of my The motion to close debate was agreed to.

half cents ??? Legislature of the State of Arceau district into that of my colleague's, [Mr. Mar Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to The SPEAKER. It is not in order to go subject. The SPEAKER. If there be more SHALL,] both Radical districts; mine radically

reconsider the vote by which debate was closed ; back. non leave will be granted. Republican and his radically Democratic, and and also moved that the motion to reconsider

Mr. PAINE. I hope unanimous consent it will make a bond of union between them. be laid on the table. There was no objection. [Laughter.] Ifrivers hardly navigable require

will be given to the gentleman to go back for : of

The latter motion was agreed to. | The memorial is as follows:

that purpose. uks improvement how much more the Embarras,

which never has been navigable and never

I rise to move an amendment
To the Honorable the State and Beverly

Mr. ELIOT. I object to going back. I

after the one hundredth line.
tirer in Congress cute mbled:
will be unless something is done for it. [Re-

Mr. BLAINE. It is very magnanimous ou ria: 'l Your memorialists, the constitutimal 90 newed laughter.] As it is now a steamboat

The SPEAKER. That has been passed; the part of the gentleman from Wisconsin, [Mr. er of the State of Arkansas, respect repost the Arkansas river, during the same na could barely turn round in the Embarras river,

the House is now considering the one hundred Paine,] who has got millions in this bill for his
and second line.

is xa obstructed by snugs and 1-1972
and all the more necessity for improving it.

Mr. ROSS. I ask unanimous consent to Mr. PAINE.
Why not just as well spend our time in digging I offer an amendment which I think will be sat-
ppe be barigation dificult and bacard: AT

The gentleman misunderthe appropriation and proper cutlas do

stands me.
new rivers as in patching up old bars and
of money the said river, betweea

isfactory to the House.

The SPEAKER. No debate is in order. Dated, could be rendered parigoles making new harbors where there is just barely a pretense of commercial advantage ?

Mr. ORTH. I object. season, and would open a time in

Mr. McKEE. I offer the following amendfer communication to a rich agriallar: [Laughter.]

The Clerk resumed the reading of the bill, ment, to come in at the end of the paragraph Late the transportation of the med, DO

as follows:

last read :
I know it is said that these appropriations
the settlements en: braced in the
the Arkanss the speedy develupad
are for the benefit of works already begun.

For improvement of the Patapsco river, below Fort For the improvement of the navigation of the Big
McHenry, $30,000.

Sandy river between Kentucky and West Virginia, the resources of that sretion of the 48 The idea of continuing works already begun

$20,000; and for said river above Louisa, $15,000 ibineber, agricultural, and wider 1.3

Mr. PHELPS. which are of no public value upon the ground

I move to increase the allerding feil ties for reaching ta'

additional. 100 charge of the Indian country seada that it is to save money is as bad as a man

amount to $75,000. I ask leave to make an I wish to say that this river runs between hat theljoseromen: a more speedy an x taking the medicine he has left over after explanation.

two States.
Tour memorialinis, therefore

, ut
recovering in order not to lose it. [Renewed

Mr. SPALDING. I object, unless it shall be The SPEAKER. No debate is in order.
priation of $10,000 be made for
Jaughter.] We are spending millions of dol-

open to debate to the whole House.
said river. And your memoriam

The amendment was disagreed to.
V. VIBLACK. I more to be!
lars every year to very little purpose; and
The amendment of Mr. PHELPS was dis-

The Clerk then read as follows:
now when the country is embarrassed, when
agreed to.

For improvement of navigation at the "Gut," we feel the pressure in the West as we have not

The Clerk read as follows:

opposite Bath, Maine, $16,500. luwing: the felt it since 1857, I do think we ought to con

Forimprovement of the Susquehanna river, $10,000.

For improvement of Union river, Maine, $2.000. fine our appropriations to works of the greatest

For construction of breakwater at Block island,

For improvement of the Hudson river, New York, 4):

Rhode Island, $74,000. public utility:

$100,000. ure

For improvement of Willamette river, Oregon,
For removing obstructions in East river, including
Mr. FARNSWORTH. Is the Embarras Hell Gate, $300,000.


For removal of Blossom Rock, in the harbor of San river a good place for harbors ?

Forimprovement of Westport harbor, Connecticut, -re much hope that it will appropisie en

Francisco, $60,000.
Mr. BROMWELL. It is one hundred miles

For improvement of Connecticut river, Connecti-

For survey of northwestern lakes, $75,000. long, and in every crook of it you can dig out cut, $20,000.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move to his internal rivers; but if soy apprentice a good harbor.

Mr. HOTCHKISS. I move to increase the

strike out that last paragraph, $75,000 for Mr. FARNSWORTH. Are you for the last appropriation to $40,000.

survey of northwestern lakes. It is in another Wabash river improvement ?

The amendment was disagreed to.

bill, the deficiency bill. Mr. BROMWELL. I am for the Wabash, The Clerk read as follows:

Mr. ELIOT. In answer to that I will say but I do not want the Embarras neglected and

that this sum is needed as well as that. overlooked. The amendment is offered upon

For removal of Middle Rock, New Haven, Connecti

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Seventycut, $15,000. the principle which moves gentlemen here. It For improvement of Pawtucket harbor. $8.000.

five thousand dollars is enough. is the best river I have in my district, and I

For improvement of Plymouth harbor, Massachu The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order.

setts, $15,000. must speak for some. (Laughter.] If the

The question was taken on Mr. WASHBURNE's House does not adopt my amendment I hope | improvement of harbors at Cuttyhunk and

Mr. SPALDING. I move to insert “For | motion, and it was disagreed to. it will at least strike out all of the others, or at

The Clerk read as follows:
least provide for the improvement of the Em-

Tarpaulin Cove, in Massachusetts, $100,000.”
barras river at some future time. It was once
There will be no objection to that I presume.

For examination and surveys on western and north

western rivers, $125,000. declared navigable by the Illinois Legislature,

Mr. ELIOT. Certainly there is objection. For examination and surveys on the Atlantic coast,

$30,000. {laughter,) and in order to make that good i | They are in my district.

For examination and surveys on the Pacific coast, feel bound, as a Representative from that State,

The amendment was disagreed to.

$25,000. to call upon the United States to dig it out and The Clerk read as follows:

For purchase and repair of instruments, $5,000. put it in a condition for boating. (Laughter.] For construction and preservation of sea-walls at

No further amendments were offered to the
Mr. ELIOT. I rise to oppose the amend-
Great Brewster Island, $10,000.

first section; and the second section was read, ment, and ask for a vote.

For building walls and improvements at Deer and

as follows:
Lovell's Islands, in Boston barbor, $10,000.
The amendment of Mr. BROMWELL to the For preservation and improvement of Boston har-

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary
amendment of Mr. N1BLACK was disagreed to.
bor, $100600.

of War shalt apply the sums herein appropriated for For improvement of Taunton river, Massachusetts, other purposes than for examination and survey, by Mr. BENJAMIN. I offer the following $13,000.

contract, in all cases when, in his judgment, the same amendment to the amendment:

Mr. EGGLESTON. I offer the following Provided, That on the recommendation of the gen

can be judiciously and economically so applied: For the improvement of the navigation of Salt

amendment, and I will state that it has been oral comipanding the corps of engineers, such sums river, that the dreary passage up the rapid and tur

inay be otherwise applied so as best to subserve the bulent waters of this great natioual highway may be agreed upon by the Committee on Commerce :

interests of the Government, having regard to the rendered less grievous to the motley crowd of invol

At the end of line one hundred and twenty-eight most economical use of the moneys appropriated, in untary exiles, who, about November next, will be insert the following:

all cases where the sums required for any specific seeking "some sequestered spot" where a "white

Forcompletion of the breakwater connecting Rich work shall not exceed $15,000. And tho Secretary of man's Government" may be maintained in its purity,

mond Island and Cape Elizabeth, Maine, $20,000. War shall prescribe suitable rules for the issuing of and for whose benefit in carrying out so laudable an The amendment was agreed to.

proposals for materials or labor, baving regard to

the most effective use of moneys appropriated : Proenterprise a four years' leave of absence has been unconditionally granted, $10,000.

The Clerk read as follows:

pider, That separate proposals and contracts shall

be required in all cases when the same can be, in the For improvement of Saco river, Maine, $20,000. Mr. ELIOT. I raise a point of order on

judgment of the Secretary, judiciously and properly that amendment.

Mr. LYNCH. I move to strike out"$20,000" made.
The SPEAKER. The Chair sustains it.
and insert “ $40,000."

No amendment was offered ; and the Clerk
The amendment is not germane.

The amendment was disagreed to.

read as follows:
The question recurred on the amendment of
The Clerk then read as follows:

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sum of

$450,000 is hereby appropriated toward completing Mr. NĪBLACK; and it was disagreed to--ayes For improvement of Kennebec river, Maine, $3,000.

the Louisville and Portland canal, in accordance twenty-eight, noes not counted.

Mr. BLAINE. That is the only modest with the plans and estimates made in the report of

General Godfrey Weitzel, and that the Government Mr. ELIOT. I rise to close debate on the appropriation in the bill.

of the United States do hereby assume the payment pending section. It seems to me the House

Mr. ELIOT. If the gentleman is not satis

of the bonds issued for the completion of the said bas signified its disposition in reference to fied, we will strike it out if he wishes it.

canal and branch, amounting to the sum of $1.567,000: these appropriations. The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman make Provided, That all

title to and right in said canal and

its appurtenances beceded to and vested in the United Mr. PĘELPS. I hope the gentleman will that motion ?

States, and that the State of Kentucky shall relinquish not make that motion at this point.

Mr. ELIOT. No, sir.

all claim to the government of the same; said canal

For the improsentent of the best navigable inbotaries, Sw,

Vr. Speaker, after the disposar et manifested by the House, I can't


amount of money for the improves


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be made for any river I sets a

Tabash is as much entitled to use 125 tion as any other river that has de se it; in the bill. It furnistes ile Best

portation for portions of two dises 25

of Indiana and Illinois Where to important tributary to it

, and is elke dine 23 for boats of all classes doride a pictures

year. There are some sighi mer! the l'abash river and its tributaria e amount of moner / bare indicar viaily remore. This is to oper en liten for the purposes of commerce ; sat. extend our commerce by opener to the ordinary class of reses * submit the Habash river is du Sud to the consideration of Congresit

stream mentioned in this bilder Whio and Hississippi. Lofer Se in good faith, and if we Fote fi auto should be adopted.

Vr. ELIOI. I rise to oppose 2006. It is obrious. Yr yder not pass a bill of this description 3 majority of the House unieki ay tin ple. Now, there has been su trata side, there has been no sarri, een no estimates, and we should not ark as to the character and De

sedimprovement; and, sir

, there i** 2 on this toor who has the break on * much is wanted and business

bill, if he desires there should this dation in favor of it will be remote e fourth section of the tail art ined. It would be utterly iphone

The amendment offered for these ging the character of the

besitation, it importante tion, without reconhecer partment, stould be pas


Instained to act is the

the lurt Legislat indemn and tha

or Indi

The 1


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on and after its completion to be and remain free nine months and nine days in the year, leaving sion for more than forty years, and yet with referenco from all tolls and tribute, except so much as shall

to which so little appears to be known to-day by be necessary to operate the same and keep it in rebut two months and twenty-one days during

intelligent members that legislation, without the pair, and that all inoneys in the hands of the treasthe entire year when the falls of the Ohio can

special communication of information, would movo urer of the canal company, wben transferred, shall be passed by unobstructed navigation.

almost wholly in the dark."
be paid into the Treasury of the United States.
Let it be remembered that the Ohio river and

The same report shows that the present rate
Mr. SPALDING. I move to strike out that its tributaries drain the whole of parts of ten
section. It ought to be stricken out.
States of the Union, the great granary of the

of hauling freight from the Portland wharf to

the Louisville wharf, and vice versa, is one Mr. GROVER. Mr. Speaker, the section country, the Egypt of the nation, and is one of

dollar per ton. Present rate of passing freight of the bill under consideration appropriates the most important in a system, giving eighteen by the Louisville and Portland canal fifty $450,000 toward the completion of the Louis thousand miles of navigable water.

cents per ton; and the supposed rate of passville and Portland canal; and provides for the The tabular statement annexed, derived from

X. Gay assumption of the payment by the Government sources believed to be entirely authentic, and ing, freight by the canal after its completion

and free use except as to the collection of tolls

the Un of the bonds issued for the completion of said mainly from the census of 1860, presents in a enough to operate it and keep it in good repair,

of Lieu canal, amounting to the sum of $1,567,000, condensed form the extent of navigable waters,

ten cents per ton.

the sal and a cession on the part of the corporation number of population, and amount of trans

It is the matured judgment of those who are Claims and the State of Kentucky of said canal and portation of the fourteen States lying on the

believed to know that the amount of freight The its appurtenances to the United States. banks of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers :

transported on the Ohio river in the year 1867, The question is, Should Congress make the "The States lying on the banks of the Ohio and Mis

including rasts of timber and lumber, equaled appropriation on the terms proposed ? Should sissippirivers, fourteen in number, had, by the census

The of 1860, a population of 16,909,4194, or more than half 3,733,420 tons; that the average distance to Congress make the appropriation and a further

the whole population of the United States; and these which said freight was carried was five lun. appropriation hereafter of $450,000, the esti two rivers have a coast line of 36,098 miles, while the

dred and sixty-seven miles; to transport which

lader mated cost of completing the enlargement of coast of the Atlantic is 2,163 miles, and the Gulf of

Tbe Mexico 1,764 miles, and of the Pacific 1,343 milcs, on would require thirty-five railroads three hanthe canal, the Government will become the

a line of 21,354 miles, including bays and indenta dred miles long, running four heavily-laden owner in its own right of the entire work.

trains each day. The Louisville and Portland canal was com

"These rivers drain an area of 1,785,267 square miles, more than half of the whole 3,001,002 square miles in


It is suggested that the enlargement of the pleted in December, 1830, by a company char the United States; and tbese fourteen States, in 1860, canal upon the basis proposed would reduce tered by the State of Kentucky. The Govern contained 91.402.869 of the 163,110,720 improved acres,


the price of freight at least ten cents per ment was a stockholder to the amount of two

and 126,703,393 of the 244,101,818 unimproved acres of
the whole United States; and the valuation of prop-

dred pounds upon the Ohio and her tributa-
tbousand three hundred and thirty-five shares, erty in these fourteen States shows $8.467,511,271 of ries, thereby saving to the people of the Uni-
costing $233,500.
the whole valuation of the United States -516,077,- || ted States in one year from freights alone a sum

so by In 1831 the Government received five hun 358,715; showing very conclusively that these four

teen States pay more than half the taxes, work inore much greater than the cost of completing the dred and sixty-seven shares more in lieu of

than half of the improved land, have the majority of entire work of the enlargement of the canal dividends. Between 1831 and 1842 it received the population, and also the majority of the land to

and liquidating the existing debt. Louisville, $257,778 in cash from the dividends declared by develop, of the whole United States.

"By the census of 1860, the whole product of the that great cominercial center which I have the the company; so that at the end of twelve years

United States was valued at $1,900,000,000, wbile the honor to represent upon this floor, located, as it Ci the Government received $24,278 in cash, and foreign exports of the domestic produce were only 1 it is, at the head of this great natural barrier to five hundred and sixty-seven shares in stock

$373,189,274, or less than one fifth of the whole prod-
uct, leaving four fiftbs for exchange in domestic com-

the navigation of the Ohio, will gain nothing
more than it invested in the canal, and was
merco bet ween the States.

of advantage, but perhaps be loser financially still owner of two thousand nine hundred and "The proportion of the whole product afforded by two shares in the canal, valued at $290, 200 ; these fourteen States we speak for may be judged by

by the proposed enlargement of the canal and the returns of their produce, gathered from the cen

transfer of its franchises to the Government of thus receiving $547,978 for its original invest sus of 1860, and compared with the whole United the United States. But, rising above selfish

abon ment in the canal.

States, as follows;

The whole

cousiderations, Louisville does not object; From 1842 up to date no dividends have

The fourteen United while the great State whose commercial center been declared, the net income of the canal up

States. States, she is, the whole of the great West and North to 1859 being devoted to the purchase of stock Corn, bushels.....

631,151,375 839,792,710 west, as well as the best interests of the entire owned by private individuals, (said stock being Wheat, bushels..

126,930,730 173,101,921

Oats, bushels held in trust by the board of directors ;) and

103,930, 161 172,613,185

Union, imperatively demand the adoption of Tobacco, pounds...

315,100,759 431,203,161

the third section of the bill now before the since 1869 to the enlargement and extension

Sugar, pounds..
222,636,000 234,982,000 House for consideration.

Do of the canal and to create a sinking fund for Cotton, pounds.

1,079,799,600 2,151,820,800

Wool, pounds.. paying the bonds which were issued by the

During his remarks Mr. Grover moved pro

31,277,839 60,361,913 Hay, tons...

Lo 9,297,743 19,053,896

forma to increase the appropriation $50,000, company to defray the expenses of said work.

Butter, pounds

239,601,405 459,681,372 for the purpose of concluding his speech. In 1860 this enlargement and extension were Hemp, tons


fiv logs.....

22,225,766 began on plans submitted by Mr. T. R. Scow.


MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. Bituminous coal, bushels... 3,217,261,425 3,621,923,165 den, a civil engineer of experience and repu Horses and asses.

4,804,634 7,400,322 A message from the Senate, by Mr. GORIAM, tt tation, and stopped in 1866 for want of funds, Cattle...

12,517,392 25,616,019 its Secretary, announced that the Senate had after $1,825,403 23 had been expended for Sheep...

11,973,315 22,471,275

agreed to the amendments of the House to the lands and work on the improvement, thus It will be perceived that the foregoing state. bill (S. No. 522) to authorize the Commissioner making the cost of the canal, as it stands, ment does not include the salt, the iron and of the Revenue to settle the accounts of An. $2,825,403 23.

other ores, the timber and lumber which drew S. Core. But in case the Government assumes the annually float upon the bosoms of these mighty The message further announced that the payment of the bonded indebtedness of the rivers, and the tonnage of which is, perhaps, Senate had passed the joint resolution (H. R. company it will be upon the following assump greater than that of all other articles of trans No. 316) extending the time for the completions of payment. The bonded indebtedness || portation combined.

tion of the Northern Pacific railroad. of the company is as follows:

The total tonnage owned in the United The message further announced that the 370 bonds due in 1871.

$370,000 States is returned in the census of 1860 at Senate had passed a joint resolution (S. R. No. 399 bonds due in 1876.


5,353,868 tons, and the portion belonging to 398 bonds duo in 1881 399,000

94) directing the Secretary of the Treasury, 400 bonds due in 1886.


the fourteen States at 996,266 tons; but it is whenever any State shall have been or may be

estimated by competent parties that the trans. in default for the payment of interest or prin: $1,567.000

portation on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers | cipal on investments in its stocks or bonds held

for the year 1866 equaled 7,905,216 tons, evinc by the United States in trust, to retain moneys The five shares of stock are $100 dollars | ing the activity in domestic commerce of these due to such State from the United States. cach. There is on hand, to the credit of the river States, which commerce is yet in its

LEAVE OF ABSENCE. sinking fund, a balance of $217,453 70; so

infancy, as daily developments do most certhat no part of the debt of the company so tainly show, and demonstrating that from these

Indefinite leave of absence, after Wednesday assumed will fall due before 1871, at which States has and must come the most of the food

next, was granted to Mr. Hotchkiss. time the bonds, amounting to the sum of supply of the whole nation, and for export

Leave of absence for ten days, after Wednes. $370,000, fall due;. $399,000 fall due in 1876; including the supply of the gold and silver

day next, was granted to Mr. Mungen. $398,000 in 1881 ; and $400,000 in 1886. But, States now so largely and rapidly developing

Leave of absence for ten days, after to-day, by the terms of the third section of the bili upon the tributaries of these waters.

was granted to Mr. BROOKS. under consideration, when the proposed transBy reference to the report on the Louisville

WAR DEBT OF NEW MEXICO. fer shall be made all moneys in the hands of the treasurer of the canal company shall be session, the following summary appears:

and Portland canal, Fortieth Congress, second Mr. GARFIELD, by unanimous consent, paid into the Treasury of the United States,

reported back from the Committee on Military which amount on the 16th December, 1867,

"It [the Louisville and Portland canal] is a work Affairs House bill No. 649, to provide for the

designed to obviate the principal obstruction in the equaled the sum of $217,453 70; and there is navigation of the Ohio river, upon the construction

settlement of the war debt of New Mexico, and no reason to beliers that amount has been and inanagement of wbich has been expended, in

moved that the same be referred to the Comthe various forms of outlay, an aggregate of $6,500,000, diminisbed, or will be, but rather increased

mittee on Appropriations. two thirds of which sum have been derived from a tax during the current years. Accurate tests for on the commerce of the West, collected in the form

The motion was agreed to. a period of more than twenty years establish of tolls; and yet for the completion of which Con INDIAN DEPREDATIONS IN CALIFORNIA.

greys is now called upon for $1,000,000; a work that the fact that navigation over the falls of the has been before one or both branches of the national

Mr. GARFIELD algo moved that the Com. Ohio is interrupted by that natural obstruction Legislature, in some form or other, nearly overy ses

mittee on Military Affairs be discharged from

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