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ple. It merely extends the provisions of the Mr. BOUTWELL. There are various points Mr. STONE moved to reconsider the vote act of 1851 for one year from the passage of in this proviso to which I understand the by which the bill was passed ; and also moved this bill. There is not a line or a letter in the gentlemen from California have assented, to that the motion to reconsider be laid on the bill that establishes any new principle what. which I wish to call their attention, because, table. ever, or any principle different from what has in my judgment, it will not accomplish what The latter motion was agreed to. been established by the acts of 1851 and 1860, they think it will accomplish. All the squat. Mr. ORTH obtained the floor, but yielded to and that principle was simply to distinguish ters on these lands, if the Mexican titles should

Mr. BLAIR, who asked unanimous consent and discriminate between what were public be upheld, will be driven out in defiance of

to report from the Committee on Foreign Aflands in the State of California and what were this proviso and of the homestead and pre- fairs a bill for the relief of Nott & Co. private lands. These parties only ask to be emption laws of the United States.

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I object. allowed to go into the courts and establish as Mr. STONE. I have not distinctly heard Mr. BLAIR. I hope the gentleman from between themselves and the United States what was said by the gentleman from Massa- Pennsylvania will withdraw that objection. whether they hold a valid grant under the chusetts, [Mr. BOUTWELL.]

The bill will occupy but a moment. Mexican or Španish Government? There has Mr. BOUTWELL. If the gentleman from The SPEAKER. The Clerk will read the been a variety of claims presented, which, || Maryland will give me his attention I will say bill, after which there will be an opportunity owing to the expiration of the act of 1851, that my point is this: that the proviso which for objection. could not be adjudicated. has been here introduced will not accomplish,

The bill, which was read, directs the SecreSome objections were made yesterday to I think, what the person who proposed it [Mr. tary of State to examine the claiın of Nott & this bill by some of the gentlemen from Cali- | Jounsox] intends to have accomplished by it, Co., American merchants doing business in fornia ; but those objections have now been If a person has settled upon land claimed || China, against the Chinese Government for obviated by the adoption of the proviso offered under a Mexican grant, the title to which may losses of coin sustained in 1847 by the capture by the gentleman from California, (Mr. John- hereafter be established in the courts of the land robbery of the vessel called the Neva ; sox.] I will state that this bill has been thor- United States under this bill, then he will not

and if in the opinion of the Secretary of State oughly examined by two committees of this be upon these lands under the preëmption laws the claim ought to be paid he is authorized House, and they have reported unanimously || of the United States, but he will be upon lands and instructed to pay the same, with the rate in its favor. The committee that I represent to which the United States had no title when of interest allowed on other claims, from the supposed and believed that the proviso that he entered upon them, and therefore he cannot

time of such loss, out of any funds received they had incorporated in the bill accomplished || avail himselt of the preënuption laws of the from the Chinese Government under the treaty the very object contemplated by the gentle- United States, but will be subject entirely to

of 1858 for the payment of losses sustained by man from California, (Mr. Johnson,) and also the will of the person who may prevail in the

American citizens; and that the amount be by his colleague, [Mr. Higby.] This bill in- court. But I have a more serious objection, || paid to Nott & Co., or the surviving copartner terferes with no vested rights whatever. It which is this: that by a general law we ought or copartners, or any person duly authorized to disturbs no man's possessions. It disturbs no not to open these questions of land titles in | be their agent or attorney. The second section man's rights. It merely gives to citizens of California under grants from Mexico. By the || provides that the decision of the Secretary of the United States the right to go into the law of 1851 a commission was established for

State as to the right of the claimants to be paid, courts and establish their title by existing law. the examination of these claims. Parties had

as to the amount to be paid, and as to the par: What possible objection there can be to the a right to appeal.

ties entitled to receive the same, shall be final bill I cannot see. I will state that if there is Mr. STONE. I must resume the floor.

and conclusive. any settler upon the land who has any valid Mr. BOUTWELL. Very well; I hope the

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I do not title, by the very terms of the bill he is pro- House is satisfied that this billought not to pass. see anything in this bill that goes to show that tected, and the court has to settle that ques. Mr. STONE. I cannot understand the force

there has been any settlement or liquidation tion. It is, in fact, only a bill to open the of the objection of the gentleman from Massa

with the Chinese Government by which it doors of the Supreme Court of the United chusetts, [Mr. BOUTWELL.] The United States

appears that that Government has in its hands States to our own citizens where they have || by a treaty, in accordance with the law of na

money of ours to pay this claim. I cannot been closed by the lapse of time under the tions, bound themselves to respect all Mexican

consent to the consideration of the bill at this original act as against the United States and and Spanish land grants. The commission time. nobody else. This bill does not attempt to which the United States created was merely The SPEAKER. Ohjection being made, the settle conflicting claims between private indi. the mode by which the evidence of these grants | bill cannot now be reported. viduals. It does not touch or trench on any was brought to the knowledge of the Governman's rights. It simply says to the citizens of ment. The Government, by these solemn treaty California, if you have any valid grant derived stipulations with Mexico, pledged itself that it

Leave of absence was granted to Mr. STOKES from the Mexican or Spanish Goverument that would respect all Mexican and Spanish grants

till next Tuesday, and to Mr. Adams for one you can prove beyond a doubt before the that existed at the time of the date of that

week. courts the doors of the courts shall be open treaty and the cession of California to the

E. R. AND S. W. CLARKE. The time prescribed by the original | United States. That is all that this bill asks. Mr. ORTH. Mr. Speaker, the Committee act was too short for a State of the magnitude | All that this bill asks is an opportunity for the on Private Land Claims has but one more bill of California. It was found absolutely neces- citizens of California to show that they do hold before it, the bill (S. No. 347) to confirm the sary once before to extend the time to allow valid grants. That is the whole object of the title of Ethan Ray Clarke and Samuel Ward all the persons in interest to go into the courts. bill.

Clarke to certain land in the State of Florida Mr. BOUTWELL. I would like three or As I have before said, this bill does not claimed under a grant from the Spanish Gov. five minutes upon this matter before the ques- decide any right at all, but simply presents ernment. This matter was by the committee tion is taken.

the broad question of allowing the citizens of referred for investigation to a member of the Mr. STONE. I would yield to the gentle- California to go into court and show their rights committee, the gentleman from Vermont, (Mr. man with great pleasure, but I have had a great under these grants. It strikes me, with all WOODBRIDGE.] I received a note from that many applications for the floor, and I have had due deference to the gentleman, that it would gentleman this morning, stating that in eonseto decline them. I am merely the organ of the be a most outrageous breach of faith on the quence of serious illness in his family he is comınittee, and time is pressing. I must there. part of thė Government toward those who obliged to go home. He left the papers in my fore decline.

hold these valid Mexican grants to deny them || hands, but the report is not yet finished. I ask Mr. BOUTWELL. I will venture to state an opportunity to prove them in the only mode unanimous consent of the House that this bill to the House that this bill ought not to pass. known to the law, in the courts of the United

may be reported on some day next week during Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Has the States. I now call the previous question on the morning hour. previous question been seconded ? the passage of the bill.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I object. The SPEAKER. It has not.

The previous question was seconded and the Mr. BENJAMIN. I also object. “SuffiMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Cannot main question ordered.

cient unto the day is the evil thereof." there be some discussion on a matter of this The question was then taken upon ordering Mr. ORTH. Then, Mr. Speaker, at the kind?

the bill to be engrossed and read a third time; | suggestion of the gentleman from Vermont, The SPEAKER. The Chair cannot answer and upon a division there were--ayes 50, noes [Mr. Poland, ] who when a member of the Sen. that question. 25; no quorum voting.

ate examined this bill, I report the bill now, Mr. HIGBY. I wish to correct one state- Tellers were ordered; and Mr. Stone and and ask its passage at this time. In connecment of the gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. Mr. BOUTWELL were appointed.

tion with the bill, I report the petition of the Stone,] if he will allow me.

The House again divided; and the tellers Messrs. Clarke, which I ask the Clerk to read. Mr. STONE. I will yield.

reported that there were-ayes 66, poes 36. The Clerk partly read the petition, when Mr. HIGBY. The gentleman from Maryland So the bill was ordered to be engrossed and Mr. ORTH said : It is unnecessary for the stated that this proviso was satisfactory to all read the third time; and being engrossed, it Clerk to read that document further. the members from California. He was mis- was accordingly read the third time.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I insist taken in reference to myself. I have not said The question being on the passage of the bill, that the reading shall be concluded. decidedly that I was not in favor of this bill with Mr. WINDOM called for the yeas and nays. The SPEAKER. The gentleman cannot the proviso, nor have I said that I was in favor The yeas and nays were not ordered,

insist on that. The gentleman from Indiana of it. I have no right to debate this question, Mr. WINDOM called for tellers.

[Mr. Orth) is entitled to the floor. because the gentleman from Maryland has not Tellers were not ordered.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. The genyielded to me for that purpose.

The bill was passed.

tleman presented the petition as part of the

LEAVE OF ABSENCE.

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mode; but we

report of the committee. I desire to hear the read

upon which it is founded. If men's rights of title was made and a patent issued. That remainder of it read; and I do not think any can be taken away in that way let it be under- is all that is asked for in the present case, as I gentleman has the right to interfere with the stood. I tried to get the petition read. They understand it. I therefore call the previous reading. got relief to go to the courts, but they refused to

question. The SPEAKER. The gentleman from go to the courts, and now come here for a new Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Will the Massachusetts can no more ipsist upon the bill. The bill was asked to be put off because | gentleman yield to me a nioment ? reading of the entire potition than he can it had not been fully considered.

Mr. ORTH. Yes, sir. demand that the gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Mr. POLAND. I do not know whether the

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I desire ORTH] shall finish an hour's speech after he gentleman is addressing his inquiry to me or to to say that the petition in this case sets forth has comienced speaking.

the chairman of the committee. As I under in these words : Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Can the stand it, these petitioners came to Congress in

' That a bill was passed by said Congress (that is, in reading be stopped in the midst ?

1856 applying for the passage of a law like the || 1859] referring the matter to the district court of thio The SPEAKER. The floor is in the

posses: one now reported, and it was passed in one United States for the southern district of Florida for sion of the gentleman from Indiana, who can House, but while pending in the other Mr.

determination; and that no action was had on this

act up to this date." control how his time shall be occupied. The Yulee, a gentleman of whom we have all heard bill will be read.

something—Mr. Yulee, in the interest of some Now, this Congress has passed an enabling The bill provides that the title of Ethan Ray || adverse petitioners, not in the interest of these act to allow these parties to go into court and Clarke and Saunuel Ward Clarke to a tract of petitioners or their rights, but of those setting litigate their titles. They slept upon them land five miles square on Black creek, south up an adverse interest-had a bill passed giving | from 1859 to 1861, and then, after being interof St. Mary's river, in the State of Florida, the privilege to the parties to go into the courts.

rupted by the rebellion, they slept upon them and bounded as follows : upon one side by the I do not know these parties were called upon

from 1865 to 1868. Now, why should we, St. Mary's river, and upon the other side by to commence litigation in the courts of Florida without any knowledge of the matter, legislate vacant lands, being the same lands to which an more than it was incumbent upon those who

the title into one man and out of another? exclusive right to take the timber was granted by were represented by Mr. Yulee. There is as

Mr. ORTH. We do not do that. the Spanish Government to John Underwood, much ground to say the title of these parties

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Does the and upon which he erected a saw-millin 1805, is foreclosed in consequence of their failure to

treaty specify any mode by which we can con: and which was kept up and continued for many go into the courts of Florida as

firm these titles ? years, shall be confirmed: provided, that nothing Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Who is

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I do not herein contained shall operate to the preju. the occupant of the land ?

know that it does. dice of any claim which may be set up to said Mr. POLAND. I understand these parties Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. land by reason of any previous sale thereof; are in possession.

derstood that it provided it by act of Congress. nor shall this act in any way prejudice any Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Then

Mr. ORTH. No, not by any claimant under the said John Underwood, what do they want anything for unless some

have confirmed them by act of Congress. or any person deriving title or claim thereto || body brings an adverse claim ? If they are not

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. The case under said Underwood, his heirs or assigns, or in possession, why not bring a suit to get pos

stands in this way: here is a treaty some fifty of any person or persons who may be entitled session ?

years old or upward, and here is an attempt to preëmption rights under any existing laws Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. When to establish rights under it after there has been of the United States. they have got an act of Congress allowing them

an act of Congress allowing them to come Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I should to do so.

into the courts. Now it is said that this case like to have the report read or to have some

Mr. POLAND. I understand these persons

was examined by a committee of the Senate; explanation made. have been in possession of the land all the

that it was passed through the Senate, then Mr. ORTH. I will attend to that. while, but by the treaty these Florida titles

that it came to this House and was referred to Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the gen- required confirmation, and it is for that pur

the Committee on the Judiciary, and they did tleman from Indiana had seen as much as I pose, in order to remove a cloud

upon
their title,

not see fit to report it. have in reference to the confirmation of these that this bill is introduced. Being in posses;

Mr. ORTH. That is so. private land claims, such as the Houmas sion they could not commence a litigation, and

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. That being claim

nobody could commence a litigation against so, I think this bill should go to the Committee Mr. ORTH. I do not yield. I know what them.

on the Judiciary for the purpose of having this I am reporting here this morning as well as Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. There is question examined, because we have no report the gentleman. Mr. Speaker, this is a bill somewhere an act of Congress providing that on this question. arising under the treaty of Florida. It has where anybody occupies lands claimed by two Mr. ORTH. Oh yes ; here is a report. been before the Senate, and has been very || parties either party may bring a suit to test his Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. No report thoroughly examined by the Committee on title.

that has been read. Private Land Claims in the Senate at the time Mr. ORTH. This is a case arising under Mr. ORTH. But then there is a report. my neighbor, the gentleman from Vermont, the treaty of Florida, by which the United Mr. POLAND. It seems to me that the [Mr. Poland,) was a member of the commit- States agreed to confirm titles to all persons argument that is put forth by my friend from tee. I yield to the gentleman from Vermont, who held grants under the Spanish Govern- Massachusetts (Mr. Butler] is entirely fallawho is more familiar with the facts than I am. ment prior to that treaty, and it confirms them cious, and instead of being a reason why the Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. How much in their grants.

bill should not pass it is the very reason why land does this embrace ?

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I inquire | it should pass. These petitioners and the perMr. ORTH. Something over forty sections. whether that ipse dixit of the treaty is not a sons under whom they claim have been in pos. Mr. POLAND. The gentleman from Indiana confirmation, requiring nothing more?

session of these lands for a great number of is making a most unexpected demand upon me. Mr. ORTH. I can only answer that by 11 years. I do not understand that there is any All I can say is that while I was a member of stating that the practice of the Government law by which they can sue a man who sets up the other branch of Congress this was before has been invariably the other way. In all some claim to the lands, they being in possesthe Committee on Private Land Claims, of cases where lands have been owned by indi- sion. But for the purpose of removing any which Judge Harris was chairman and I was viduals prior to the cession of any particular || cloud upon their tiile they wanted the usual a member, and we gave the case a very full || territory, Congress has provided for the con- congressional confirmation. They came here and careful consideration. It was unanimously | firmation of the titles by special act. This to Congress for it and obtained it in the Sen. reported by the committee of the Senate, and applies not only to lands in Florida, Louisiana, ate. Thereupon Mr. Yulee, who was then a it passed the Senate, and only failed to pass and Missouri, but in California and New member of Congress and who represented some the House by some disarrangement of the Mexico. Time and again have acts of Con- adverse interests, procured the passage of a papers, the division of them between two com- gress been passed confirmatory of these titles. law by which persons setting up an adverse mittees. It seems that one year ago a bill of The practice, as I have learned during this claim might go into the courts of Florida and this same character was examined by the com- session of Congress, has been about this: after have the title settled. They have never seen mittee of the House and passed by the House ; a territory has been ceded to the American fit to do so in this long lapse of time. it was really passed by both Houses.

Government, we have required of the original Mr. ORTH. I yield for a moment to the Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I ask the owners of any portion of it the surrender of || gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. BANKS.) gentleman from Vermont whether there was not their title-papers that they might be recorded Mr. BANKS. I do not know the merits of å bill passed in this Congress many years ago for among the archives of this Government. Then this precise claim. If it has the approval of the purpose of having these men go before the upon the surrender of such title-papers an act the committee of this House, and has passed United States court in Florida, giving them was passed in the case of California, for the the Senate, I can believe that upon the facts full power to test their right there? They have establishment of land commissioners, and in it is equitable and just. But there is a quesnever done so. The petition, which was not the case of New Mexico for the establishmeut tion of public policy on which I wish to say read, sets forth the facts. It shows these par- of the office of surveyor general in that Terri. a word. Where private rights have been ties have never been before the courts; but tory, and the duty in each case was to collect claimed under a treaty, and the courts have they come here for us to legislate away the the titles which the parties had to the lands in not been able to award them under the rights of other parties in that land, which were controversy, and upon the report of the Com- | treaty, or where the parties have been in pos. never tried before the courts, without giving us missioner of the General Land Office, in pur- session and their claim has been resistei, it a chance to hear the report read or the petition suance of the act of Congress, a contirmation has been the uniform practice of the Govern

ment to pass acts of Congress to meet the facts withdraw from the files of the House, leaving that those Senate amendments be acted upon so far as they were just in those cases.

copies, the papers of Abelard Guthrie, in the at this time. Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I would case of the Wyandotte claim.

No objection was made. ask whether where one party claims and an

IRON-CLADS.

ALMIRA WYETH. other party claims against him they have ever

Mr. PILE, by unanimous consent, submitted The amendment of the Senate to the bill came to Congress to have the question settled? Mr. BANKS. Under the treaty of 1803 acts the following resolution; which was read, con- (H. R. No. 411) for the relief of Almira Wyeth

was then taken from the Speaker's table. of Congress of this character have been passed | sidered, and adopted : up to 1867, settling the principles of interpret

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be di- The amendment was to strike out all of the

rected to cominunicate to the House tho report of ation by which the treaty was to be adjudi.

bill after the enacting clause, in these words: Captain James B. Eades on the iron-clads of Europe cated. Under the treaty of 1818 there have and of this country.

That the name of Almira Wyeth, widow of James

M. Wyeth, late a private in company I, seventybeen, and there must be, acts of legislation CLERKS, ETC., OF INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. fifth regiment Illinois volunteers, be placed on the enabling parties to maintain themselves in pos

pension-roll in pursuance of existing law in such session or enabling the courts to decide the

The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid cases, commencing on the 5th day of March, 1863.

before the House a communication from the claims of parties under that treaty. This I

And in lieu thereof insert: judge to be a case of that sort. Secretary of the Interior, transmitting a letter

That the Secretary of the Interioris hereby authorMr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Then pass from the disbursing clerk of his Department, ized and directed to place the name of Almira

Wyeth, relative to certain reductions from the amount widow of James M. Wyeth, late a private in coma general law, Mr. ORTH. I merely wish to say that this estimated as necessary for clerks and watch

pany I, seventy-fifth regiment Illinois volunteers,

on the pension-roll, and allow and pay her a pension bill reserves the rights of these adverse claim

men in that Department; which was referred at the rate of eight dollars per month, from the 5th to the Committee on Appropriations.

day of March, 1863, to continue during her widowants. It provides that this act shall not in any

hood. way prejudice the rights of any claimants under TEMPORARY CLERKS IN INDIAN BUREAU.

The amendment was agreed to. Underwood, or of any person or persons who The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, also

JAMES S. TODD. may be entitled to preëmption rights under the said before the House a coinmunication from existing laws of the United States. I demand the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting a com

The amendment of the Senate to the bill (H. the previous question. munication from the Commissioner on Indian

R. No. 523) granting a pension to James S. The question was put on seconding the de. || Affairs, asking for an appropriation of $29,600

Todd was taken from the Speaker's table. mand for the previous question ; and there

The amendment was to add to the bill the for extra and temporary clerks in the Indian were-ayes 59, noes 21 ; no quorum voting. Bureau, for the year ending June 30, 1869 ;

following: Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. ORTH, which was referred to the Committee on Ap

And to allow and pay him a pension at the rate and Butler of Massachusetts, were appointed. || propriations.

of eight dollars per month, to commence from the

passage of this act, and to continue during his natural The House divided; and the tellers reported—

GEORGE ABBOTT.

life. ayes seventy-two, noes not counted.

The amendment was agreed to. So the previous question was seconded.

The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, The main question was then ordered to be also laid before the House a communication

ELIZABETH KANEDAY. from the Secretary of War, transmitting papers put.

The amendment of the Senate to the bill (H. The bill was ordered to a third reading; and

in the case of George Abbott, late provost | R. No. 671) granting a pension to the widow it was accordingly read the third time.

marshal of the twelfth district of Illinois, to be of Henry Kaneday was taken from the SpeakThe question was put on the passage of the

relieved from certain responsibility for bounty er's table. bill; and there were-ayes 55, noes 24; no

money; which was referred to the Committee The amendment was to make the bill read

of Claims. quorum voting.

as follows: Tellers were ordered; and Messrs. Orth,

RIGGS, BASS, AND PILKENTON.

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is and WASHBURNE of Illinois, were appointed. The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent,

hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen

sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations The House divided; and the tellers reported— || also laid before the House a communication of the pension laws, the name of Elizabeth Kaneday, ayes 75, noes 29. from the Secretary of War, transmitting a

the widow of Henry Kaneday, late a private in comSo the bill was passed. report by the Adjutant General respecting the

pany I, fifteenth regiment Iowa infantry, and is pay

her a pension at the rate of eight dollars per month, Mr. ORTH moved to reconsider the vote by claims of J. B. Riggs, William Bass, and Wil- commencing May 5, 1862. which the bill was passed; and also moved liam Pilkenton; which was referred to the Com- The amendment was agreed to. that the motion to reconsider be laid on the mittee on Military Affairs. table.

REBECCA JANE KINSEL.

DESTITUTE OSAGE INDIANS. The latter motion was agreed to.

The amendments of the Senate to the bill The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, (H. R. No. 775) granting a pension to the LEAVE OF ABSENCE.

also laid before the House a communication widow and minor children of Erastus Kinsel Mr. WELKER and Mr. BUCKLAND asked

from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting were taken from the Speaker's table. and obtained leave of absence until Tuesday a letter from the Commissioner of Indian At The amendments were to strike out all after next.

fairs, relative to the destitute condition of the the enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof Mr. MARSHALL and Mr. JOHNSON

Osage Indians in Kansas; which was referred the following: asked and obtained leave of absence for one to the Committee on Appropriations.

That the Secretary of the Interioris hereby authorweek.

The SPEAKER. The Chair has not asked ized and directed to place on the pension-roll, subMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I would that those communications be printed, as it is

ject to the provisions and limitations of the pension like to know how many leaves of absence have

laws, the name of Rebecca Jane Kinsel, the only so late in the session. Should any of these been granted.

child under sixteen years of age of Erastus Kinsel, communications be of such a character as to late a private in company A, one hundred and The SPEAKER. Five this morning and justify their printing, the committees to which

twenty-fifth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, and seven yesterday.

to pay her a pension at the rate of eight dollars per they have been referred can ask it.

month, commencing April 7, 1863, and to continue MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.

until she attains the age of sixteen years. WASHINGTON AND GEORGETOWN RAILROAD. A message from the Senate, by Mr. Gorham,

Also to amend the title so as to read, “A

The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, its Secretary, announced that the Senate had

bill granting a pension to Rebecca Jane Kin. also laid before the House a communication passed a bill (S. No. 486) to facilitate the

sel.' from the president of the Washington and settlement of certain prize cases in the southern

The amendments were agreed to. district of Florida, in which the concurrence Georgetown Railroad Company, transmitting,

Mr. PERHAM. As to the other pension of the House was requested. in compliance with the act of incorporation, bills on the Speaker's

table the Committee on The message further announced that the his annual report for the year ending January

Invalid Pensions recommend non-concurrence 1, 1868; which was referred to the Committee Senate had passed, without amendment, the

in the amendments of the Senate. joint resolution (H. R. No. 312) relating to for the District of Columbia, and ordered to be

JEREMIAH T. IIALLETT. the pay of the Assistant Librarian of the House,

printed.
ORDER OF BUSINESS.

The amendment of the Senate to the bill and the bill (H. R. No. 1129) for the relief of the widow and children of Colonel James A.

Mr. PERHAM. There are some twenty or

(H. R. No. 525) granting a pension to Jere

miah T. Hallett was taken from the Speaker's Mulligan, deceased. more House bills granting pensions, to which

table.
ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED.
the Senate have made amendments. Those

The amendment was to insert after the word Mr. WILSON, of Pennsylvania, from the

bills are now on the Speaker's table. It is too
late in the session for them to be referred to

"infantry' the words and to allow and pay Committee on Enrolled Bills, reported that

him a pension at the rate of twenty-five dollars they had examined and found truly enrolled a

the Committee on Invalid Pensions with any bill of the following title; when the Speaker | tunity to report upon them. The committee

per month ;'' so that the bill will read: hope that the committee will get an oppor

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is signed the same:

hereby, autborized and directed to place on the penAn act (H. R. No. 780) for the relief of

have informally examined those amendments, sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations

and have instructed me to ask that amend. of the pension laws, the name of Jeremiah T. Hallett, Martha N. Jones, administratrix of Samuel T. Jones. ments to certain bills be agreed to, and that

late a member of company I, first United States

infantry, and to allow and pay him a pension at the other amendments be not agreed to, but that a rate of twenty-five dollars per month, commencing ABELARD GUTIIRIE.

committee of conference be asked. No debate March 10, 1861. Mr. WINDOM asked and obtained leave to will be required, and I ask unanimous consent The amendment was non-concurred in.

)

66

66

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MALIALA A. STRAIGHT.

GEORGE F. GORIAM.

IIEIRS OF GEORGE R. WATERS. The amendments of the Senate to the bill The amendments of the Senate to the bill The amendments of the Senate to the bill (H. R. No. 373) to place the name of Mahala (H. R. No. 518) granting a pension to George (H. R. No. 662) granting a pension to the A. Straight upon the pension-roll of the United È. Gorham, late a private in company B, widow and minor children of George B. Waters States were taken from the Speaker's table. twenty-ninth regiment Massachusetts volunteer were taken from the Speaker's table.

The amendments were to strike out "A" infantry were taken from the Speaker's table. The amendments were to insert in line six after “Mahala" and insert "M;' to insert

The amendments were as follows:

the name of “Mary Waters,'' and also to insert after the word ideceased" the words 6 late a In section one strike out in lines seven, eight, and the words "the three," and to strike out the private in company E, one hundred and twenty- nine, the words “ paid the same amount of pension word “minor," before "children,” and after winth regiment Illinois volunteers ;' to insert

allowed in similar cases, subject to the provisions
and limitations of the general pension laws," and

the word "ó children” to insert the words under after the words “ United States" the words

insert "allowed and paid a pension at the rate of sixteen years of age;.' in line eight to strike " and to pay her a pension at the rate of eight twenty-five dollars per month.'

out the word " fiftieth” and insert "fifteenth,'.

In section two, line second, strike out the words dollars per month, to commence on the 5th

and his father, John J. Gorham, appointed guard

and also to strike out the word "engineers' day of September, in the year 1862, and to ian;" and also strike out the word "said" and insert and to insert the words “volunteers, and to continue during her widowhood ;'also to “his,” in the fourth line."

pay

her a pension at the rate of fourteen dolamend the title by striking out "A"after

The amendments were non

on-coneurred in.

lars per month ;'' so that the bill will read: " Mahala" and inserting “M.”

MINOR CHILDREN OF PLEASANT STOOPS.

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is The amendments were non-concurred in.

hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen. The amendment of the Senate to the bill sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitationg of JOIN W. HUGIES. (H. R. No. 456) granting a pension to the

the pension laws, the names of Mary Waters, the

widow, and the three children under sixteen years of The amendment of the Senate to the bill minor children of Pleasant Stoops was taken age, of George R. Waters, lato a meniber of the fif(H. R. No. 825) granting a pension to John from the Speaker's table.

teenth regiment New York volunteers, and to pay W. Hughes was taken from the Speaker's table. The amendments were to insert in line five

her a pension at the rate of fourteon dollars per

month, commencing November 17, 1864. The amendment was to insert after the word the names of “ David Henry. Stoops, Pleasant

The amendinents were non-concurred in. “ volunteers,'' in line seven, the words - and

Stoops, and Sturges Stoops ;' in line six to to pay him a pension at the rate of fifteen dol- strike out the word “minor?' before "child- MINOR CHILDREN OP CHARLES GOULER. lars per month."

ren,' and after the word " children'' to insert The amendments of the Senate to the bill The amendment was non-concurred in.

under sixteen years of age;" and in line (H. R. No. 664) granting a pension to the WILLIAM II. M'DONALD.

eight, after the word "infantry," to insert minor children of Charles Gouler were taken The amendment of the Senate to the bill

"and to pay to them or their legally-authorized from the Speaker's table. (H. R. No. 773) granting a pension to William

guardian or guardians a pension of eight dol- The amendments were to strike out in secH. McDonald was taken from the Speaker's lars per month ;'' so that the bill will read: tion one, line six, the words "the minor" table.

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is before “children'' and to insert“ Willie, Ellen, The amendment was to insert after the word

hereby, authorized and instructed to place upon the and Tellis Gouler,'' and after the word "child

pension-roll the names of David Henry Stoops, Pleas"volunteers," in line seven, the words and

dren’ to insert "under sixteen years of age;' ant Stoops, and Sturges Stoops, the children, under to pay him a pension at the rate of fifteen dol- sixteen years of age, of Pleasant Stoops, late a mem- in line eight, after the word " volunteers," to

ber of company F, eighteenth regiment of United lars per month."

insert " and to pay them a pension at the rate States infantry, and to pay to them or their legallyThe amendment was non-concurred in. authorized guardian or guardians a pension of eight

of eight dollars per month;' and in line ten dollars per month, to date from the day of his death, to insert "to continue until they severally attain JOHN D. LAY. subject to the provisions and limitations of the pen- the

age of sixteen years ;'' so that the first secThe amendment of the Senate to the bill sion laws.

tion will read : (H. R. No. 771) granting a pension to John The amendments were non-concurred in.

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is D. Lay was taken from the Speaker's table.

SOLOMON ZACHMAN.

hereby, authorized and directed to place on the penThe amendment was to insert after the word

sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations “ Missouri,” in line six, the words "and to

The amendments of the Senate to the bill of the pension laws, the names of Willie, Ellen, avd

Tellis Gouler, children under sixteen years otlage of pay him a pension at the rate of fifteen dollars (H. R. No. 521) to place the name of Solo

Charles Gouler, late a private in company F, ninth mon Zachman on the pension-roll vere taken New Hampshire volunteers, and to pay them a penThe amendment was non-concurred in. from the Speaker's table.

sion at the rate of eight dollars per month, commencThe aniendinents were to insert in line six

ing April 18, 1866, to continue until they severally

attain the age of sixteen years. JOIIN H. FINLAY.

after the word “roll” the words “and to pay The amendments of the Senate to the bill

Also, to amend the title of the bill so as to him ;' in line seven to strike out the words

read, “ A bill granting-a pension to the child(H. R. No. 770) granting a pension to John "commencing on” and to insert the word

ren of Charles Gouler." H. Finlay were taken from the Speaker's table. "from ;'! in lines eight and nine to strike out

The amendments were non-concurred in. The amendments were to strike out in line the words “subject to the limitations and

CYRUS K. WOOD. seven, the word “commencing" and insert || requirements of the pension laws,” and to the words and to pay him a pension at the insert “to the 6th day of June, 1866, and The amendments of the Senate to the bill rate of eight dollars per month from ;'' and to thereafter at the rate of fifteen dollars per

(H. R. No. 663) granting a pension to Cyrus add at the end of the bill the words "until month during his natural life;' so that the

K. Wood, the legal representative of Cyrus D. June 6, 1866, and thereafter at the rate of bill will read:

Wood, were taken from the Speaker's table. fifteen dollars per month." That the Secretary of the Interior be authorized

The amendments were to strike out in line The amendments were non-concurred in. and directed to place the name of Solomon Zach- four the words " pay to Cyrus K. Wood, of

man, of Marion county, Ohio, formerly a member of TIIOMAS CONNOLLY.

Auburn, Maine, father and legal representative company D, eighty-second Ohio volunteers, on the The amendment of the Senate to the bill pension-roll, and to pay him at the rate of eight dol

of,'' and to insert the words * place on the penlara per month, from the 30th day of May, 1861, to the sion-roll the name of;" and in line (H. R. No. 676) granting a pension to Thomas

after

seven, 6th day of June, 1866, and thereafter at the rate of Connolly was taken froin the Speaker's table.

the word "infantry," to insert the words "and fifteen dollars per month during his natural life. The amendment was to add at the end of The amendments were non-concurred in.

to pay to him a pension at the rate of;" so that the bill the words “and to pay him a pension

the bill will read:

IEIRS OP WILLIAM CRAFT. at the rate of fifteen dollars per month, com

That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is

hereby, authorized and directed to place on the penmencing on the 30th day of June, 1865."

The amendments of the Senate to the bill

sion-roll the name of Cyrus D. Wood, late of comThe amendment was non-concurred in. (H. R. No. 661) granting a pension to the pany H, tenth regiment of Maine volunteerinfantry, widow and minor children of William Craft

and to pay to him a pension at the rate of eight dol HENRY H. HUNTER.

lars per month from the 8th day of May, 1863, to the The amendments of the Senate to the bill (H. were taken from the Speaker's table.

6th day of June, 1866; and twenty-five dollars per

The amendments were to strike out in line inonth from said 6th day of June, 1866, to the 8th day R. No. 666) granting a pension to Henry H. five the word "the" and to insert “Susan F.

of April, 1867.
Hunter were taken from the Speaker's table.
The amendments were to strike out in line
Craft;' and also to strike out the words " and

The amendments were non-concurred in. seven the word “and ;'' and in line eight, after | under sixteen years of age;"' in line six to

minor children" and to insert and the child

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HEIRS OF MYRON WILKLOW. the word “cavalry;"' to insert the words and

The amendments of the Senate to the bill strike out the words "the late;' in line seven to pay him a pension at the rate of fifteen dol

(H. R. No. 669) granting a pension to the to strike out the letter "H" and to insert lars a month.

widow and minor children of Myron Wilklow The amendments were non-concurred in. “D;'' and in line eight, after the word “regi

were taken from the Speaker's table, ment,” to insert and to pay her a pension at

The amendments were to insert in line six W. W. CUNNINGHIAM. the rate of ten dollars per month ;' so that

the name “ Sarah A. Wilklow ;'' and also to The amendment of the Senate to the bill the bill will read :

strike out the word " minor” and insert " Al(H. R. No. 622) granting a pension to W. W. That the Secretary of the Interiør be, and he is Cunningham was taken from the Speaker's || sion-roll the names of Susan F. Craft, widow, and bereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen

mira, Emma, and Mary Wilklow;" in line

seven, after the word "children,” to insert table. the child under sixteen years of age of William

"under sixteen years of age;'

;" and in line The amendment was to insert in line six, Craft, late of company

D. eighty-second Pennsyl- | nine, after the word "volunteers,'' to insert after the word “roll,'' the words "and to

vania regiment, and to pay her a pension at the rato allow and pay him a pension at the rate of of ten dollars per month, subject to the provisions

the words "and to pay her a pension of fourand liinitations of the pension laws, to commence teen dollars per month ;'' so that the bill will fifteen dollars per month. April 6, 1865.

read: The amendment was non-concurred in.

The ainendments were non-concurred in. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is

per month.:

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heroby, authorized and directed to place on the pen- strike out the words " minor children" and desire to have considered first the amendments sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations

insert the words “ William T. S. Rice, the to the legislative appropriation bill, as it is of the pension iaws, the names of Sarah A. Wilklow, the widow, and Almira, Emma, and Mary Wilklow,

child under sixteen years of age;'' and in line desirable the bill should go to a committee of children under sixteen years of age, of Myron Wilk. nine, after the word volunteers,'' to insert the conference as early as possible. low, lato a member of company B, forty-seventh

words Ohio volunteers, and to pay her a pension of four

and to pay her a pension of ten dol- Mr. SPALDING. Are there not two small teen dollars per month, commoncing June 2, 1865.

dollars per month ; , so that the bill will read: appropriation bills pending in Committee of The amendments were non-concurred in. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is

the Whole? hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen

The SPEAKER. There are; but they are HEIRS OF ANDREW HOLMAN.

sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations The amendments of the Senate to the bill of the pension laws, the names of Elizabeth Rice,

not general appropriation bills, which have the widow, and William T. S. Rice, the child under

priority in Committee of the Whole over all (H. R. No. 670) granting a pension to the sixteen years of age, of Cornelius L. Rice, late a other business. widow and children of Andrew Holman were member of company B, ninety-first regiment Penn- Mr. SPALDING. But I had an understand

sylvania volunteers, and to pay her a pension of ten taken from the Speaker's table. dollars per month, commencing December 4, 1866.

ing with the chairman of the Committee on The amendinents were to insert in line

Appropriations that he would give way to allow six the name - Kezia Holman,' and also to

Also, to amend the title so as to read: “A

those bills to be taken up. strike out the word “minor?: and insert the bill granting a pension to the widow and minor

The SPEAKER. No understanding can word "three;"> in line seven, after the word | child of Cornelius L. Rice.''

change the order of business in Committee of "children,” to insert the words "under six

The amendments were non-concurred in.

the Whole unless it is the understanding of the teen years of age;" and in line nine, after the MINOR CHILDREN OF JAMES IIEATHERLY. committee itself or of the House. word “infantry,'' to insert the words “and to

The amendments of the Senate to the bill (H. LEGISLATIVE, ETC., APPROPRIATION BILL. pay her a pension at the rate of fourteen dol

R. No. 677) granting a pension to the minor lars per month; so that the bill will read :

The SPEAKER. The question is on the children of James Heatherly were taken from motion of the gentleman from Illinois, that That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is

the Speaker's table. hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen

when the House shall resolve itself into Comsion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations The amendments were to insert in line six | mittee of the Whole all general debate upon of the pension laws, the names of Kezia Ilolman, the names of “ Joseph, Sarah, Loami, Fran. the Senate amendments to the legislative, execthe widow, and the three children under sixteen years of age, of Andrew Holman, late a private in company

cis, and James Heatherly;" in line seven to utive, and judicial appropriation bill terminate G, twenty-ninth regiment of Ohio volunteerinfantry, strike out the word “minor" before the word

in twenty minutes. and to pay her a pension at the rate of fourteen dol- * children ;'! and after the word “ children" The motion was agreed to. lars per month, commencing March 26, 1865.

to insert the words “under sixteen years of The amendments were uon-concurred in.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move age;", in line nine, after the word * volunIIEIRS OF CHARLES W. WILCOX. teers,'' to insert " and to pay them a pension | resolve itself into Committee of the whole

that the rules be suspended, and that the House The amendments of the Senate to the bill at the rate of eight dollars per month ;'' in

on the state of the Union upon the legislative, (H. R. No. 672) granting a pension to the lines ten and eleven, to strike out the words

executive, and judicial appropriation bill. widow and minor children of Charles W. Wil- “December 19, 1866," and insert “January The motion was agreed to. cox were taken from the Speaker's table. 24, 1865, and to continue until they severally The amendments were to insert in line six attain the age of sixteen years ;

So the rules were suspended; and the House so that the

accordingly resolved itself into the Committee the name of “Martha J. Wilcox," and also bill will read:

of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. to strike out the word “minor," and insert That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is

Wilson, of Iowa, in the chair,)

and proceeded " James W., Clarinda I., Ira E., and Charles

hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen-
sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations

to the consideration of the Senate amend. E. Wilcox;" in line seven, after the word of the pension laws, the names of Joseph, Sarah, ments to the bill, (H. R. No. 605) making "children,” to insert “under sixteen years of Loami, Francis, and James IIcatherly, the children age;' and in line nine, after the word “vol. under sixteen years of age of James IIeatherly, late

appropriations for the legislative, executive, of company E, eleventh West Virginia volunteers, and judicial expenses of the Government for unteers,'' to insert "and to pay her a pension and to pay them a pension at the rate of eight dol- the year ending the 30th of June, 1869. at the rate of sixteen dollars per month; so lars per month, commencing January 24, 1865, and Mr. SPALDING. I move that this bill be that the bill will read:

to continue until they severally attain the age of
sixteen years.

laid aside. My object is to have the comThat the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is bereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen

The amendments were non-concurred in.

mittee take up two bills making appropriations

for benevolent institutions in this District. sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations Mr. PERHAM. I move the apppointment of the pension lawy, the names of Martha J. Wilcox,

The motion was not agreed to. the widow, and James W., Clarinda I., Ira E., and

of a committee of conference on the disagreeCharles E. Wilcox, children under sixtecn years of ing votes of the two Houses on the pension

Mr. BLAINE. We have entered, Mr. Chair: age, of Charles W. Wilcox, late of company B, ninetyseventh Illinois volunteers, and to pay to her a penbills just acted on by the House.

man, upon a new fiscal year, and the last approsion at the rate of sixteen dollars per inonth, com

The motion was agreed to.

priation bill to provide for its expenditures has mencing March 16, 1863.

been reported and is now before the House.

ORDER OF BUSINESS. The amendments were non-concurred in.

The occasion seems a fit one for a brief survey Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I rise for of our financial situation and for a pertinent HEIRS OF JOHN S. PHELPS.

the purpose of moving that the House resolve answer to the many misrepresentations so The amendments of the Senate to the bill (H. itself into Committee of the Whole on the state industriously set afloat in regard to governR. No. 673) granting a pension to the widow of the Union upon the Senate amendments to the mental expenditures. A very labored attempt and minor children of John S. Phelps were bill (H. R. No. 605) making appropriations for | has been made throughout the country by cer. taken from the Speaker's table.

the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses tain parties and partisans to create the impres. The amendments were to insert in line six of the Government for the year ending the 30th sion that the expenditures of this Congress are the name “Saffrona C. Phelps ;'? and also to of June, 1869. Before making that motion I on a scale of heedless and reckless extravastrike out the word “minor” and insert desire to move that when the House shall re- gance. I propose to show that such is not the " Caleb S. Phelps ;in line seven to strike solve itself into Committee of the Whole, || fact, but that, on the contrary, the expendiout the word "children and insert "child all general debate shall terminate in twenty tures are made with far more regard to econ. under sixteen years of age;': in line eighi to minutes, leaving only the five-minutes debate omy than distinguished the last Democratic insert the word "second" before lieuten- pro and con. on amendments.

administration that was in power in this coun. ant;'' in line nine, after the word "volonteer," Mr. BANKS. Without making any objec. try. The question is one of figures and not of to insert “ and to pay her a pension at the rate tion to the motion of the gentleman from argument, and hence I proceed at once to the of fifteen dollars per month for herself during | Ilinois, I wish to give notice, that on next figures. widowhood, and two dollars per month for the Tuesday, after the morning hour, I shall move It is important at the outset, to a clear undersaid child until he shall attain the age of six- that the House resolve itself into Committee standing and clear comparison of Government teen years ;'' so that the bill will read :

of the Whole on the state of the Union upon | expenditures at the present time and the That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is the Alaska bill, the vote having been ordered period immediately preceding the war, to dis. hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pen- to be taken on Thursday.

tinguish between those expenditures which sion-roll, subject to the provisions and limitations of the pension laws, the names of Saffrona C. Phelps,

The SPEAKER. If there is no objection, were the inevitable consequence of the rebelthe widow, and Caleb S. Phelps, child under sixteen

the Chair will regard the Alaska bill as post- lion, and therefore unavoidable, and those years of age of John S. Phelps, late a second lieuten- poned in Committee of the Whole until next which may be to a certain extent controlled by ant in the thirty-fifth regiment of Kentucky mounted infantry, and to pay her a pension at the rate of fif

Tuesday morning after the morning hour, that the discretion and the fidelity of Congress. Oi teen dollars per month for herself during widow- bill now having priority by unanimous consent. those expenditures, which are the direct outhood, and iwo dollars per month for the said child There was no objection.

growth of the rebellion, I count the interest until he shall attain the age of sixteen years, coinmencing July 23, 1863.

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I wish on the war debt and the pensions and bounties The amendments were non-concurred in.

to understand what is now the order of business to soldiers and sailors. These are expenditures in Committee of the Whole?

which are not discretionary but are imperaHEIRS OF CORNELIUS L. RICE.

The SPEAKER. The first business in order tively demanded, unless the nation is prepared The amendments of the Senate to the bill in Committee of the Whole is the deficiency on the one hand to defraud its creditors, or on (H. R. No. 675) granting a pension to the bill.

the other to turn its back on the brave men widow and minor children of Cornelius L. Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Does who risked everything that the Republic Rice were taken from the Speaker's table. the gentleman from Illinois propose to take up

might survive. The amendments were to insert in line six that bill?

The annual interest on the public debt the name of “ Elizabeth Rice;' and also to Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. No, sir; I amounts to one hundred and twenty-nine mil

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