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Mr. FARNSWORTH. We have had a asked any other boon since they obtained free- the District of Columbia. I have taken a great speech from the gentleman from Tennessee, || dom. I have in iny possession a letter from a deal of interest in the cause of education in but he did not tell us precisely how this was to man wbo is nominated for commissioner of this District. And my venerable friend from be done. The collecting of statistics and pub- common schools in one of these States begging Pennsylvania [Mr. STEVENS] has been chairlishing them in a book is not going to educate that this department of education may give his man of a committee on the subject of a sys. the freedmen. You cannot send out education State all possible aid and connsel in organizing | tem of common schools for this District. A as the Commissioner of Agriculture does seeds, å system of common schools.

year ago, in conjunction with a colleague, I done up in parcels. You cannot put it up in And all through the southern States they introduced a resolution calling on this Departthat way. Education must start from the root, want, not teachers merely, but they want to ment of Education for certain statistical infrom the borne, with the primer and the spell. | know what the best systems of education are formation connected with the educational ining-book. Education must be patronized by || in the various States of this Union, and it is terests of this District, from which I expected, the States, by the establishment of schools, | precisely that kind of information which the De- as I have no doubt the chairman of the Comcolleges, and institutions of learning. They partment is furnishing, and was established to

mittee on Public Schools for this District exmust be the custodians of the education of the furnish. We are sending out one hundred and pected, to gain a great deal of information in children of this country and of the children | sixty thousand tons weight ofagricultural reports reference to what plan of education should be of a more advanced age, the freedmen. A every year, and gentlemen send them to iheir adopted in this District. That resolution was Department of Education located here in Wash- constituents, loading the mails with them, to passed a year ago; but I have never heard a ington cannot be the custodian of education ; teach the people better how to sow and hoe and word by way of report in answer to it. nor can such a depariment, it seems to me, be reap. Will you not expend the small amount Mr. GARFIELD. That report has been set of any sort of advantage to the country. You appropriated by this bill for this Department, in up in type for several weeks past. might as well have a department of commerce, || telling the people of this country how best to edu

Mr. WELKER. It may be set up in type; a department of merchanics, a department of cate their children and how best to fit them for but I have never heard of it, though the resthe Christian religion, or a department of shoe- the high duties of citizens? I shall feel that a olution was passed a year ago. Now, if this making; for it is quite as important that the wound has been inflicted on the honor of America Department is to control the educational insoles of our feet be well protected as that our if this Department shall be stricken down just | terests of this great country, it seems to me souls be cultivated; itis quite as important that when it is beginning to live. It was established that if there was any efficiency in it it could the understandings which we tread on should request of the teachers of the country- have answered those inquiries in regard to this be good as the understanding with which we a body of men who are silently but certainly District within a year after the resolution was legislate; and you might just as well, it seems molding the destinies of the future generations. I adopted. to me, have departments of all these different | Shall their modest request for national recog. Mr. GARFIELD. Did not the resolution subjects as a department of education here in | nition once granted be so soon denied ? I am require the Department to make a complete the city of Washington. It would do as much | unwilling to believe that this House will strike census of this whole District, which has been good. Now, I would like some gentleman to down this Department.

done very completely and thoroughly? tell us the ways and means, the particular man. [Here the hammer fell.]

Mr. WELKER. It was to furnish a census ner in which the Commissioner of Education is

The committee rose informally; and the of the District, together with such other informgoing to educate the freedmen how'o vote, and Speaker resumed the chair to receive

ation as would enable us to get up a system the poor children out in the district of the

of common schools for this District.

A MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. gentleman from Ohio [Mr. Garfield] how to

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. We have read their Bibles? Perhaps the gentleman can A message from the Senate, by Mr. GORAAM, three other census bureaus now. tell us.

its Secretary, announced that ihe Senate had Mr. WELKER. No report has been made. Mr. GARFIELD. The gentleman from Illi- passed, without amendment, a bill and joint || I speak of this to show the efficiency of this nois (Mr. Farnsworth) has given an illustra- resolution of the House of the following titles:

Department. tion just before he asked his question that A bill (H. R. No. 1077) to authorize the

Mr. PIKE. I think there is a minute or seems to me very striking. He says he would

construction of a bridge over Black river, in two left of the time allowed for debate on this like to know whether we need a department | Lorain county, Ohio; and

proposition. I wish to remind the Committee to improve the understanding upon which we A joint resolution (H. R. No. 318) to cor- of the Whole of the argument of the senior tread. Now, I do not know but that we need rect an act entitled "An act for the relief of member from Ohio, (Mr. SPALDING,) which is just such a department as that. certain exporters of rum."

the most plausible I have heard. Mr. FARNSWORTH. As I do not make

The message further announced that the Mr. SPALDING. Does the gentleman call speeches for the purpose of getting the opinion Senate had passed a bill and joint resolutions me the senior member? of John Bright or of spreading them in the of the following titles ; in which the concur. Mr. PIKE. I think the gentleman is older Globe the gentleman will excuse me. rence of the House was requested:

than the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. WELKER] Mr. GARFIELD. Well, I will excuse the A bill (S. No. 159) relating to the western who has just spoken. The gentleman referred gentleman of course. Pacific railroad;

to the system of land grants for the support of Mr. SPALDING. We have no department A joint resolution (S. R. No. 152) to extend common schools. Now, I have no doubt the of grammar here yet.

the time for the completion of the west Wis- State systems of common schools have worked Mr. PIKE. The reporters fix up all that. consin railroad; and

well. But is it worth while to spend $20,000 a Mr. GARFIELD. Now, to be serious about A joint resolution (S. R. No. 154) to admit year on this Department of Education, sides this matter, I want gentlemen to understand certain persons to the Naval Academy. the expenditure necessary for paper and printthat when the ordinance of 1787 was passed it

ing, in order to ascertain that fact, when the was one of the fundamental conditions that of LEGISLATIVE, ETC., APPROPRIATION BILL.

records of the various States will exhibit the every township of land ceded to the United The Committee of the Whole resumed its facts to any gentieman or any association that States one sixteenth was to be set apart for- session.

desires them, and will send for them through ever as sacred to the purposes of education. The amendment of the Senate in relation to the proper channels ?

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Was not the Department of Education was under con- [Here the hammer fell.] that for the education of the common people sideration.

The amendment of the Senate was non-conand not of the nabobs of the country?

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire | curred in. Mr. GARFIELD. One township at least || to show to the Committee of the Whole that

One hundred and ninety-fourth amendment; in every State was set apart for establishing | the Senate have put in this amendment which

In lines eleven hundred and forty-three and eleven universities, and there were universities estab- we are asked to agree to $4,300 more than hundred and forty-fourstrike out $6,500" and insert lished. Gentlemen of this Congress will un- was estimated for.

"$9,000;" so as to make the clause read: derstand that not all Congresses have been Mr. MAYNARD. I suppose they were sat

For salaries of the director, treasurer, assayer,

melter and retiner, chief coiner and engraver, assistunable to see any importance in fostering the isfied that not enough had been estimated for.

ant assayer, and seven clerks, $39,000. interests of education.

Mr. WELKER. I do not propose to dis- The Committee on Appropriations recomNow, Mr. Chairman, I desire to say one other cuss the general question of education in this

mend non-concurrence. thing in regard to this bill. It is not claimed country in the few remarks I propose to make

The amendment was non-concurred in. that we should take any control of education || in reference to the amendment of the Senate. in the States. It is not claimed, as the gentle. I agree with gentlemen who have already made

One hundred and ninety-fifth amendment; man from Pennsylvania (Mr. STEVENS) would remarks on this subject, as to the great im

Add after the word “dollars," in line eleven hun

dred and forty-four, the following: indicate, that we advocate the study of Latin portance of the educational interests of this Provided, 'That from and after the 1st day of July, and Greek to teach the negroes how to vote. country. But I do not concede that the estab- 1868, the annual compensation of the weighing clerk But it is claimed that there are seventeen States | lishment of this Department of Education is to

shall be $2.500, and the compensation of the calculat

ing, accounting, and warrant clerks shall be $2,000 in this Union that, until a very recent period, furnish the means by which and through which had no system of education. The States of the people of the different States of this Union

The Committee on Appropriations recomthe South, with perhaps two or three excep; are to be educated. But I will not discuss

mend non-concurrence. tions, never had a system of education. And this question now. I wish to make a few re

The amendment was non-concurred in. next to the love these people just released from marks in relation to the efficiency of this slavery have for liberty itselt is their love of Department of Education, since this Congress

One hundred and ninety-sixth amendment: knowing how to read and write--for entering | creased that department of the General Gov.

Strike out “$150,000" and insert "$191,000;" so as into the fields of knowledge. They have asked ernment. Since I have been in Congress I

to make lines eleven hundred and sixty and eleyen

bundred and sixty-one read as follows: to be educated more earnestly than they have ll have been connected with the Committee for For wages of workmen und adjusters, $191,000.

each.

a

rence.

The Committee on Appropriations recom- should have recommended a concurrence in debates which take place in both Houses of mend non-concurrence. this amendment.

Congress. I have always thought, sir, the The amendment was non-concurred in.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The com- system was a vicious one and an extravagant mittee first recommended a non-concurrence,

one, bad in itself and bad in its consequences ; One hundred and ninety-seventh amend

but but the committee had a meeting this morning, ment:

am opposed to the proposition to transand I do not know what they did.

fer away ihe reporting of the debates of ConAmend so as to make lines eleven hundred and sixty-two, eloven hundeed and sixty-three, and

The CHAIRMAN. It is in the printed | gress from the hands in which it has been hereelevon hundred and sixty-four read as follows: report non-concurrence; but in the amended tofore reposed to those of the Superintendent For incidental and contingent expenses, repairs

report the committee recommend a concur- of Public Printing. and wastage, in addition to available profits, $09,000.

I have heard no reason alleged, either in The Committee on Appropriations recom- Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. It was point of utility or economy, that should induee mend non-concurrence.

alleged a mistake had been made, and on us to consent to any such change. I shall The amendment was non-concurred in.

examination it was found to be true, and this freely vote for a proposition to entirely disOne hundred and ninety-eighth amendment: morning it was corrected.

pense with the verbatim reports of the debates; Add after the word “dollars," in line eleven hun

Mr. FARNSWORTH. The law now pro- but I am opposed to any proposition to transdred and sixty-four, the following: vides advertisements shall be published in two

fer the business from the hands of those to Provided, That hereafter all tho availablo profits" of the United States Mint and branches shall be papers selected, I think, by the Clerk of the whom it is already confided, and who have covered into the Treasury, to be expended only by a House.

done it generally so well. specific appropriation.

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Two Mr. BLAINE. I desire to say that I am The Committee on Appropriations recom- papers having the largest circulation in the authorized by the proprietors of the Globe to mend non-concurrence. District.

say that so far as they are concerned they would The amendment was non-concurred in.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. Does not this refer like to have this amendment adopted. One hundred and ninety-ninth amendinent: to advertisements from the Departments ?

Mr. GARFIELD. I move the following Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I am

amendment: Add after the word “dollars," in line eleven hundred and ninety-nine, the following: speaking of another section after this.

Strike out all after the word "next," in line four, And after the 30th of June, 1868, the annual sal- Mr. FARNSWORTH. If I am right, this

as follows:

And the joint Committee on Printing is hereby ary of the Assistant Treasurer at Charleston shall be

is the same section which the Committee on $4,000, and that amount is hereby appropriated,

authorized and required to invite proposals for the $22,000.

the Post Office and Post Roads reported a bill publication of the actual proceedings and debates in The Committee on Appropriations recomto ameud, which passed this House unani.

Congress, upon a plan and specifications to be pre

viously published by them, and shall also ascertain mend non-concurrence.

mously, cutting off a portion of the advertise. the cost of such publication by the Superintendent The amendment was non-concurred in. ments which are being published now, as well of Public Printing, and shall report as soon as prac

ticable such proposals and estimates of cost, together as the different advertisements from the ExecTwo hundredth amendment:

with a bill to provide for the publication of the utive Departments, in two papers in the Dis- debates and proceedings of Congress ; After the word "dollars," in line twelve hundred trict of Columbia, the Chronicle and Star, And insert in lieu thereof the following: and tbrec, strike out "$20,500." a morning and evening paper. They publish

And hereafter no publication of the debates in

Congress shall be paid for out of the Treasury of the The Committee on Appropriations recom- under this law every conceivable advertise- United States. mend non-concurrence.

ment, from the sale of quartermasters' stores Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. And keep The amendment was non-concurred in. in Nevada

the people in ignorance? Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask

Mr. SPALDING. That is all remedied. Mr. GARFIELD. I do not make this propunanimous consent that amendinents numbered Mr. FARNSWORTH. The evil of publish- osition because the coinmittee are unwilling two hundred and one to two hundred and twen

ing in three papers instead of two is not rem- to give the people $20,000 worth of information ty-one, inclusive, in all of which the committee edied. Why is it necessary to publish in three on the subject of general education, though I recommend non-concurrence, be non-concurred papers in the city of Washington instead of two? might make a comparison of the value of these in without reading.

Mr. SPALDING. Because they are Repub- two appropriations to the people, and might The CHAIRMÄN. If there be no objection lican papers.

truthfully say that they will learu far less from that will be done.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. Then I understand the Globe than they would from what might There was no objection; and amendments the object is to give it to the National Intelli

begiven them by the Department of Education. two hundred and one to two hundred and gencer, or some other Democratic newspaper. It is not for that reason, however, that I make twenty one, inclusive, were non-concurred in.

Mr. SPALDING. No, sir.

this motion. I make it in good faith. I have

Mr. FARNSWORTH. They are published Two hundred and twenty-second amend

had lying in my desk for a number of months in two Republican papers. Do you want them ment:

a proposition touching this subject which I published in three? Add after the word "dollars," in line thirteen hun

desired some time to submit to the considera. dred and forty-eight, the following:

Mr. SPALDING. Certainly.

tion of the House. I believe the newspaper And that tho district attorney for Nevada shall Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Does enterprise in this country would publish at receive a salary for extra services of $200 per annum, the gentleman from Illinois call the “Star' a their own expense just as good a report of and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to audit and pay out of any moneys in the TreasRepublican paper?

what is said in this House and in the Senate as ury not otherwise appropriated, the salaries of the

Mr. FARNSWORTH. Certainly. This is the people care to read. I believe, moreover, present incumbent and his predecessor, R. M. Clark, adding fifteen or twenty thousand dollars to if the Congressional Globle were abolished it at the rate of $200 per annum for their services. the expense.

would make the debates in this House far more The Committee on Appropriations recom- Mr. BLAINE. Taking this and a following || valuable. We would have far less talk for the mend non-concurrence.

section and it takes off a large amount. sake of talk, far less essay writing and essay Mr. ASHLEY, of Nevada. Mr. Chairman, Mr. FARNSWORTH. Why not cut off the publishing than is now done. We would save in consequence of an oversight-the district

third paper in the District of Columbia. attorney of Nevada has heretofore received a

an immense expenditure to the Government,

Mr. BLAINE. The gentleman cannot ask and our debates would be real, legitimate salary less than that received by all the other for too much reform in one day.

debates. Now our whole system has, in a great district attorneys of the United States. This

Mr. FARNSWORTH. This is saving at the amendment of the Senate is designed

measure, reduced congressional debating to spigot and letting it run at the bung-hole. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I will

essay writing and essay reading, and if any man

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Do not shall hereafier have the curiosity and patience state, if the gentleman will permit me to inter- let us starve the Republican papers before next to wade through the vast masses of these printed rupt him, that the committee had some doubt December.

volumes and find here and there scattered about this subject, and hence recommended The amendment was non-concurred in. valuable thoughts; it will only be as the geol. non-concurrence. I have since consulted with the gentleman from Nevada, [Mr. ASHLEY,]

Two hundred and twenty-fourth amendment: ogist finds coprolites embedded in the strata as well as one of the Senators from that State;

Add the following as an additional section:

of the earth. I trust we shall hereafter agree and I now think this amendment is right. I

Sec. - Anut be il further enacted, That all acts or that there shall be no publication of our debates

parts of acts authorizing the publication of the dehave conferred with the committee, who are

at the cost of the Government. The same thing bates in Congress are hereby repealed from and after now in favor of concurrence. the fourth day of March next, and the joint Com

that I propose is done in England. That Govmittee on Printing is hereby authorized and required The amendment was concurred in.

ernment does not pay for printing the debates to invite proposals for the publication of the actual in Parliament. Two hundred and twenty-third amendment.

proceedings and debates in Congress, upon a plan
and specifications to be previously published by

Mr. BLAINE. And never did.
Add the following as an additional section:

them, and shall also ascertain the cost of such pub- Mr. GARFIELD. And never paid for them, Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the provisions lication by the Superintendent of Public Printing. of section ten of an act making appropriations for and shall report as soon as practicable such proposals

and yet they have very full reports made by sundry civil expenses of the Government for the and estimate of cost, together with a bill to provide

the London Times and collected in the volumes year ending June 30, 1868, and for other purposes, for the publication of the debates and proceedings || of Hansard. I make this suggestion for the approved March 2, 1867, be, and they are hereby, of Congress. extended to one additional newspaper in the Dis

consideration of the House. It may not be trict of Columbia from the date of the approval of

The CHAIRMAN. The committee make impossible that we place a much higher value said act, the same to be selected by the Clerk of the no recommendation in regard to this amend- on what we say here than the people do. The House of Representatives. mevt.

Journal of the House shows all resolutions The Committee on Appropriations recom. Mr. PHELPS. I would be in favor of the and bills, and our votes on all questions. I mend concurrence.

proposition embodied in the first four lines of think it quite doubtful if the people willingly Mr. FARNSWOTH. It is strange, it seems the Senate amendment, because I am in favor | pay $500,000 a year for our arguments. to me, that the Committee on Appropriations Il of stopping altogether verbatim reports of the (Here the bainmer fell.]

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more.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move posed by the Senate provides for doing away that when the House again resolve itself into to close debate on the pending amendment. with the existing system of publishing the Committee of the Whole on the Senate amend

Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. Allow | debates by the proprietors of the Globe. It ments to the legislative appropriation bill, all me to say a word ?

furthermore provides that the joint Committee | debate upon the pending amendment and all Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I do not on Printing shall invite bids and shall report || amendments thereto shall terminate in three withdraw the motion.

a proposition to Congress. It does not, how. minutes. The motion was disagreed to.

ever, provide for the contingency which very Mr. ROSS. I move that the House do now Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania. I merely || probably will arise, that Congress, before the adjourn. rise to inquire of my friend from Ohio (Mr. || 4th of March next, may not have agreed upon The question was taken on the motion to GARFIELD] whether his latter speech was not any system of reporting, so that when we come adjourn; and upon a division there were-ayes the tail end cut off from the bureau of educa. here in the following December, we shall have 43, noes 30. tion, [laughter ;) and whether he did not in- dismissed the proprietors of the Globe from Before the result was announced, tend to have added, after he got the bureau

their task and provided no other means for Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, called for of education pretty well established, that 'no publishing the debates.

tellers. child should read a newspaper or that no

Mr. BLAINE. Allow me to correct the The question was taken upon ordering tellers; debate in Congress should ever be published so gentleman. If there is anything done, it will and there were twenty-two in the affirmative. that it could be read, unless it were in Greek be done by the Globe.

So (the affirmative being one fifth of a quorum) or Latin? (Laughter.]

Mr. DONNELLY. The provision of the tellers were ordered. Mr. BLAINE. I desire to say a word. Senate is, that all acts and parts of acts author- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Before the

The CHAIRMAN. Debate is exhausted on izing the publication of the debates of Con. tellers are appointed and take their places I the amendment to the amendment.

gress shall be repealed from and after the 4th | desire to suggest that we can probably get Mr. GARFIELD. I withdraw it to allow | day of March next. And we are told by the || through these amendments in ten minutes the gentleman to renew it. gentleman from Maine (Mr. BLAINE] that the

Then I shall ask that the House meet Mr. BLAINE. I renew it. The gentle proprietors of the Globe do not desire to con- at eleven o'clock to-morrow, in order to take man from Obio brings up the English practice. tinue to publish these debates.

up the deficiency bill, so that if we can possiIf he wants to bring in a proposition here by

Mr. BLAINE. I beg pardon ; I did not bly get through it we need have no session on which a few gentlemen who occupy front seats say any such thing.

Saturday. or who have accidentally or otherwise a more

Mr. DONNELLY. Then I misunderstood Mr. HIGBY. Why not make that proposi. favorable position, shall have their speeches the gentleman.

tion now, and then adjourn. reported, while Mr. Smith or Mr. Jones are

Mr. BLAINE. All I said was that the pro. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I suggest never noticed in the reports anywhere at all ; || prietors of the Globe desired to have this that we finish this bill to-night, meet to-mor if he wants that kind of a system introduced

amendment agreed to by the House. I have row at eleven o'clock, and take up and go I do not think he will find a majority here in

no doubt they do desire to continue to publish through with the deficiency bill, and then favor of it. But I desire to say this--and I

the debates of Congress ; but they are willing | adjourn over to Monday. say it after some degree of examination--that

to take their chance, under a new contract, in Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I object. I there is no representative assembly in the competition with all others.

do not want to finish this bill to night. world that begins to compare for the accuracy

Mr. DONNELLY. That is to say, the Son Mr. BLAINE. I hope the gentleman will and value of its reports of its proceedings with ate amendment proposes to dismiss the pro

withdraw his objection. the American Congress. There is no single prietors of the Globe, and they desire to be The SPEAKER. The pending question is thing connected with the American Congress dismissed.

on the motion to adjourn. that stamps responsibility so much as that Mr. BLAINE. I do not say that.

Mr. ROSS. I withdraw that motion. everything a man says and every motion he

Mr. DONNELLY. What their wishes are Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I will withmakes goes into the permanent record of the

is of no moment to us. We should provide draw the objection to meeting to-morrow at official Globe. I say that if you should aban- for any contingency that may arise, and not eleven o'clock if we can adjourn now. I do don that you will have removed one of the be left at the mercy of the Globe proprietors. not want to go any further with the legislative strongest possible chains of responsibility con. My proposition is that in the event that no bill to-night. necting the Representative with the constitu- new arrangement is made by Congress the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The ents, and which is worth three times what it debates shall be published in the Congressional | tleman from Indiana (Mr. WASHBURN ] objects costs, that every man shall be held to account | Printing Office until otherwise ordered. to my whole proposition, to go through with for what he says here to-day, to-morrow, and [Here the hammer fell.]

this legislative bill to-night, meet to.morrow for the remainder of his public life.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move at eleven o'clock, and take up and go through Mr. GARFIELD. The papers will give us

that the committee now rise for the purpose with the deficiency bill, and then adjourn over all the reports necessary. of closing debate.

to Monday. I understand, however, that he Mr. BLAINE. You have that now. If you Mr. MĂYNARD. I desire to say something I does not object to the last part of my proposiabolish the Congressional Globe, you will get on this proposition.

tion; and as there seems to be an indisposition no more from the Associated Press than you

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I will to continue longer in session this afternoon, I get now. You will get precisely what you get

move that debate be closed in three minutes ; will ask unanimous consent that the House now and not a particle more.

and I will give that time to the gentleman from meet to-morrow at eleven o'clock, finish this Mr. DONNELLY. I desire to offer an Tennessee, [Mr. MAYNARD.]

bill, take up and go through with the deficiency amendment, to come in at the end of the amend- Mr. PHELPS. I desire two or three min- | bill, and then we can adjourn over until ment of the Senate.

utes' time. The CHAIRMAN. That is not now in Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move The SPEAKER. It requires unanimous order. The question is on the amendment to that the committee now rise.

consent to change the hour of meeting. the amendment offered by the gentleman from

The motion was agreed to.

No objection was made. Ohio, [Mr. GARFIELD.)

The committee accordingly rose ; and the Mr. FARNSWORTH. I hope that will be Speaker having resumed the chair, Mr. Wilson,

Mr. MILLER, by unanimous consent, sub. voted down.

of Iowa, reported that the Committee of the The question was taken on Mr. GARFIELD'S Whole on the state of the Union had, according | referred under the law to the Committee on

mitted the following resolution; which was amendment; and it was disagreed to. to order, had the special order under consid

Printing : Mr. DONNELLY. I now move to add to eration, being the amendments of the Senate

Resolved. That one thousand extra copies the the amendment of the Senate the following: to House bill

No. 605, making appropriations

tariff bill be printed for the use of the House. And from and after the 4th day of March, 1869, for the legislative, executive, and judicial

LEAVE OF ABSENCE. unless it be previously otherwise ordered by Con- expenses of the Government for the year endgress, the proceedings and debates of the two Houses) ing the 30th of June, 1869, and had come to

Mr. DRIGGS asked and obtained leave of shall be published daily at the Congressional Printno resolution thereon.

absence till Monday next. ing Office, tho reports thereof being furnished by reporters provided by each House for itself, in such

ENROLLED BILL SIGNED.

RAILROAD, ETC., IN CALIFORNIA. manner and under such regulations as it may prescribe.

Mr. HOPKINS, from the Committee on Mr. ANDERSON. I ask that the bill (H. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I rise to

Enrolled Bills, reported that they had exam. R. No. 1016) granting lands to the State of a question of order. I submit that that amend. ined and found truly enrolled a bill of the fol- California for the construction of a railroad

and telegraph line from Vallejo to Humboldt ment is not in order. It proposes to change | lowing title; when the Speaker signed the same: existing law.

An act (S. No. 347) to confirm the title of bay be ordered to be printed. Mr. DONNELLY. The amendment is ger.

Ethan Ray Clarke and Samuel Ward Clarke to The SPEAKER. If there be no objection mane to the amendment of the Senate. It certain lands in the State of Florida, claimed

the order will be made. provides for the very contingency contemplated

under a grant from the Spanish Government. There was no objection. by the Senate amendment.

LEAVE OF ABSENCE,

ORDER OF BUSINESS.
The CHAIRMAN. The Chair overrules the
Mr. SITGREAVES asked and obtained

Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts. I point of order made by the gentleman from leave of absence for ten days.

rise to a question of order with reference to Illinois. The amendment is germane to the

the action just taken by the House in regard Senate amendment.

to business lo morrow. I wish to know whether Mr. DONNELLY. The amendment pro- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move the morning hour can be dispensed with?

gen

Monday

PRINTING TARIFF BILL.

ORDER OF BUSINESS.

merce.

The SPEAKER. It can, by unaniinous ought not to be put until there are more mem- that it be printed for the information of the consent. bers present.

Senate. Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts. I Mr. JOHNSON. We always adjourn over The motion was agreed to.' object to dispensing with the morning hour the Fourth of July.

FUNDING AND TAX BILLS. to-morrow.

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Not always. I The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Mas- remember that Congress met together on the

Mr. SHERMAN. I am directed by the sachusetts objects to the niorning hour to-mor- last Fourth, and I think we were in session Committee on Finance to report back the bill row being dispensed with. If that objection | all day.

(H. R. No. 1284) to change and more effectbe insisted on, the House cannot go into Com- Mr. JOHNSON. Let the motion lie over

ually secure the collection of internal taxes on mittee of the Whole till after the morning for the time being.

distilled spirits and tobacco, and to amend the hour. All these appropriation bills are made The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair

tax on banks, with amendments. The amendspecial orders after the morning hour. understands the motion to be withdrawn.

ments will, of course, be printed; and now, Mr. WASIIBURNE, of Illinois. It was a

in order to fix the order of business, I submit

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. part of my proposition that the House should

the following order: meet at eleven o'clock, and at once go into Mr. WELCH presented a memorial of the Ordered. That on Monday next at one o'clock SenCorumittee of the Whole on the deficiency bill, Board of Trade of Jacksonville, Florida, pray.

ate bill No. 207, and also House bill No. 1284, shall be

the special orders, and continuo as such from day to The SPEAKER. The gentleman modified | ing an appropriation for the purpose of opening

day until they are disposed of. his proposition to meet the views of the gen- the mouth of the St. John's river, Florida ;

Mr. CONNESS. I understand one of those tleman from Indiana, (Mr. WASHBURN;] and which was referred to the Committee on Comthe Chair stated that the hour of meeting to

to be the tax bill. What is the other? morrow morning would be eleven o'clock. Mr. YATES presented a petition of citizens

Mr. SHERMAN. The funding bill. It is Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts. I am of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, praying that

to make the funding bill and the tax bill spe

cial orders. I desire to do it so as not to have willing that the House shall meet at elevene pensions be granted the soldiers and sailors and o'clock; but to-morrow being private bill day, the widows of soldiers and sailors of the war

any struggle about the order of business. I am not willing to give up the morning hour. of 1812 ; which was referred to the Committee

The motion was agreed to. Mr. BLAINE. not that objection entirely on Pensions.

Mr. SHERMAN. In order to facilitate busitoo late?

Mr. SUMNER presented the memorial of ness, I ask the Senate to allow me to take up The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks it is William Cornell Jewett, protesting against for a moment Senate bill No. 207, with a view not, because in putting to the House the propo- that portion of the report of the Committee on to have the amendment that I offered the other sition of the gentleman from Illinois the Chair Retrenchment proposing to rank the mission || day to the civil appropriation bill printed as an did not state that if it were adopted the morn- to Austria second class, and that to Belgium amendment to that bill, as Senators may want ing hour would be dispensed with.

and that to Holland as first class; which was copies of it. I ask that Senate bill No. 207 be Mr. BLAINE. Well, at any rate, we gain ordered to lie on the table.

taken up for a moment. an hour by meeting at eleven o'clock. I move Mr. BUCKALEW presented petitions of The motion was agreed to; and the Senate the House now adjourn.

journeymen cigar-makers and manufacturers proceeded to consider the bill (S. No. 207) for The motion was agreed to; and the House of cigars of the first and second congressional funding the national debt and for the conver(at live-o'clock p. m.) adjourned. districts of Pennsylvania, praying that a tax

sion of the notes of the United States. of five dollars per thousand be imposed on

Mr. SHERMAN. I withdraw the substitute domestic cigars, and that the tariff on imported that I offered to the bill, and offer the follow. PETITIONS, ETC.

cigars may remain unchanged; which were re- ing in lieu of it, which I ask to have printed: The following petitions, &c., were presented ferred to the Committee on Finance.

That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby auunder the rule, and referred to the appropriate Mr. CRAGIN presented the memorial of thorized to issue coupon or registered bonds of the committees: Junius Boyle, commodore United States Navy

United States in such form and of such denomina

tions as he inay prescribe, redeemable in coin at the By Mr. BANKS: A memorial from William on the retired list, praying to be restored to

pleasure of the United States, after twenty, thirty. Cornell Jewett, urging payınent for Alaska as the active list; which was referred to the Com- and forty years, respectively, and bearing the follow a national measure to protect the national mittee on Naval Affairs.

ing rates of yearly interest, payable semi-annually

in coin, that is to say: the issue of bonds falling duo honor, and as a people's appreciation--with- Mr. SHERMAN presented the memorial of

in twenty years shall bear interest at five per cent.; out regard to party-of the lite-long public ser- Z. Jackson, of Colorado, in relation to the bonds falling due in thirty years shall bear interest

at four and a half per cent.; and bonds falling due in vices of Hon. W. H. Seward, and his foresight charges on freight on the Union Pacific rail

forty years shall bear interest at four per cent., which in acquiring territory near American Pacific road, eastern division; which was referred to

said bonds shall be exempt from taxation in any form possessions, destined to surpass the Old and the Committee on the Pacific Railroad.

by or under Slate, municipal, or local authority, and New World in civilization, commerce, and Mr. McCREERY presented a memorial of

the samo and the interest thereon, and the income

therefrom, shall be exempt from the payment of all cities.

citizens of Louisville, Kentucky, protesting taxes or duties to the United States, other than such By Mr. FERRY: The petition signed by | against the prohibition of the export of distilled income tax as may be assessed upon other incoines; over 10,000 of the business citizens of New spirits; which was referred to the Committee

and the said bonds and the proceeds thereot shall be

exclusively used for the redemption, payment, or York city, respectfully asking for speedy action on Finance.

purchase of, or exchange for, an equal amount of any in the passage of the bill and the appropriation

PEONAGE IN NEW MEXICO.

of the present interest-bearing debt of the United

States, other than the existing five per cent. bonds for the construction of the building for the new post office and United States courts in that

The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before and the three per cent. certificates, and inay be issued the Senate a proclamation of the acting Goy | principal of all outstanding or existing obligations

to an amount, in the aggregate, sufficient to cover the city, and recommending the adoption of the report of the Committee on the Post Office and

ernor of the Territory of New Mexico, in as limited herein, and no more, but not to exceed Post Roads, submitted to the honorable House relation to holding peons in bondage and

$700,000,000, shall be of the issue redeemable in twenty involuntary servitude in violation of the laws; of Representatives June 16, 1868.

SEC. -, And be it further enacted, That there is which was referred to the Cominittee on TerriBy Mr. JUDD: The petition of Z. M. Hall,

hereby appropriated out of the duties derived frore tories.

imported goods tho sum of $135,000,000 annually, asking the refunding of tonnage tax paid in

which sum, during each tiscal year, shall be applied REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.

to the payment of the interest and to the reduction By MK MOORE: The petition of Thomas Mr. HARLAN, from the Committee on the

of the principal of the public deb, in such a manner

as may be determined by the Secretary of the TreasStanger and 17 others, glass-workers in Glass- District of Columbia, to whom was referred ury, or as Congress may hereafter direct; and such boro, New Jersey, complaining of the depres- the bill (S. No. 532) to incorporate the Union

reduction shall be in lieu of the sinking fund consion of industry, and praying for such addi- town and Washington City. Railroad Company | templated by the fifth section of the act entitled

An to of tional protective duties as will revive manufac- in the District of Columbia, reported it with and for the redemption or funding thereof, and for tures and restore prosperity to the country. amendments.

funding the floating debt of the United States," By Mr. PAINE: The petition of James Mr. RAMSEY, from the Committee 'on

approved February 25, 1862.

SEC, -. And be it further enacted, That the holder Hinds, for enactment of a law for distribution Post Offices and Post Roads, reported a bill of any lawful inoney of the United States, to the of arms to militia.

(S. No. 589) to establish certain post roads ; amount of $1.000, or any maltiple of $1.000, may conwhich was read, and passed to a second reading.

vert the saine into bonds for an equal amount, au

thorized by the first section of this act, under such Mr. HOWARD. I am directed by the Com- rules and regulations as the Secretary of the TreasIN SENATE.

mittee on the Pacific Railroad, to whom was ury may prescribe; and any holder of any of the FRIDAY, July 3, 1868.

boods provided forin the first section of this act may referred the bill (S. No. 73) granting lands to

present the same to the Treasurer of the United Prayer by Rev. E. H. GRAY, D. D.

aid in the construction of a railroad and tele. States and demand lawful money of the United On motion of Mr. POMEROY, and by unangraph line from the city of Lawrence, in the States for the principal and accruing interest thereon.

and the Treasurer shall redeem the same in lawful imous consent, the reading of the Journal of State of Kansas, to the boundary line between

money of the United States, unless the amount of yesterday was dispensed with.

the United States and Mexico, in the direction United States notes then outstanding shall be equal

of the city of Guayamas, on the Gulf of Cali- to $100,000,000; and such bond shall not be so redeemnADJOURNMENT FOR FOURTH OF JULY.

able after the United States have resumed the payfornia, to report it with amendments. In con

ment of coin for their notes. Mr. JOHNSON. Mr. President, to.mor. nection with that bill I ask the Senate to receive SEC. —. And be it further enacted, That any conrow being the anniversary of the birth of the and order to be printed a copy of a bill now

traet hereafter made specifically payable in coin nation, I move that when the Senate adjourns || pending in the congress of Mexico for the

shall be legal and valid, and may be enforced ac

cording to its terms, anything in the several acts to-day it adjourn to meet on Monday at iwelve construction of a railroad through that repub-relating to United States notes to the contrary boto'clock.

lic, so as to connect with the line mentioned withstanding. Mr, FESSENDEN. I take it that motion ll in the bill which I have just reported. I move The amendment was ordered to be printed.

a

years.

error.

DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE. erection of a bridge in Boston harbor, have Mr. STEWART, I should like to have the Mr. PATTERSON, of New Hampshire,

directed me to report it back and ask for its preamble stricken out. I do not know whether from the joint select Committee on Retrenchpresent consideration.

that comes after

the passage of the bill or not. ment, submitted the following resolution ;

By unanimous consent, the joint resolution The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That mowhich was referred to the Committee on Print

was considered as in Committee of the Whole. tion is now in order. ing:

It is a direction to the Secretary of the Navy Mr. STEWART. I move, then, to strike Resolved. That four thousand extra copies of the

to detail two competent and impartial officers out the preamble, in these words: report of the Committee on Retrenchment upon the

of the Navy, and the Secretary of War to Whereas Hulings Cowperthwaito and Enach I. diplomatic and consular service of United States detail a competent and impartial officer of the Vance, direct tax commissioners for the State of bo printed for the use of the Senate.

Arkansas, under the act of June 7, 1862, acted as engineer corps, who shall compose a commis. JOHN SEDGWICK.

such tax connuesioners from January 1, 1866, until sion, whose duty it shall be to make careful

May 25, 1865, without the presence or concurrence of Mr. COLE. I move that the Senate pro- examination of the harbor of Boston, and to a third comveissioner as contemplated by said act, ceed to the consideration of House joint reso- report to Congress, at its next session, in what

and the Government of the United States recognized

their acts as such commissioners during said period: lution No. 96. manner the commerce of that harbor and the

Thereforc.
The motion was agreed to; and the joint interests of the United States in the navy-yard The amendment was agreed to.
resolution (H. R. No. 96) for the relief of John at Charlestown will be affected by the con-
Sedgwick, collector of internal revenue third

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a struction of a bridge over the water between the district California, was considered as in Com- main land in the city of Boston and East Bos

third reading, read the third time, and passed. mittee of the Whole. It proposes to direct ton in the manner provided in an act of the

On motion of Mr. STEWART, the title of the

bill was amended so as to read : "A bill conthe Secretary of the Treasury to pay to John Legislature of the State of Massachusetts entiSedgwick, collector of internal revenue for the tled “An act to incorporate the Maverick

cerning the tax commissioners of the State of third district of California, the sum of $3,500,

Arkansas.' Bridge Company ;' and it provides that no or so much thereof as the proper accounting bridge shall be erected by that company across

JUDGES OF WASHINGTON TERRITORY. officer shall, from satisfactory vouchers, deter- that water until the assent of Congress shall Mr. WILLIAMS. I move that the Senmine necessary to secure him a salary of that be given thereto.

ate proceed to the consideration of Senate bill amount for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1864, Mr. SUMNER. The Senator from Maine No. 487. in addition to the amount he necessarily paid reported that resolution, I understand.

The motion was agreed to; and the bill (S. out, in currency, in the discharge of his official Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Yes, sir.

No. 487) to disapprove an act of the Legislative duties for that year.

Mr. SUMNER. A suggestion was made to Assembly of Washington Territory redistricting The joint resolution was reported to the me by a party in interest that there should be

the Territory and reassigning the judges thereto Senate, ordered to a third reading, read the two commissioners appointed by the War De. was read the second time, and considered as third time, and passed.

partment as well as two by the Navy Depart- in Committee of the Whole. It proposes to AMERICAN STEAM LINE TO EUROPE.

ment. By the resolution there are to be two disapprove the act of the Legislative Assembly Mr. POMEROY. I move that the Senate

from the Navy Department and only one from of the Territory of Washington, approved Janproceed to the consideration of House bill

the War Department. It was thought by this uary 25, 1868, entitled "An act defining the No. 939.

gentleman that the interests of all concerned several judicial districts of the Territory and

would be better consulted if there were two || assigning the judges thereto.". The motion was agreed to; and the Senate,

from each Department. I should like to subas in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to

Mr. DAVIS. I should like the Senator from consider the bill (H. R. No. 939) to provide

mit that suggestion for the consideration of my Oregon to give some reason why that measure

friend. for an American line of mail and emigrant

of the territorial Legislature should be disap

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I think if the proved, why we should pass this bill? passenger steamships between New York and

Senator reflects he will see that there can be one or more European ports.

Mr. WILLIAMS. I supposed the honorable The Chief Clerk proceeded to read the bill.

no importance attached to that for this reason: Senator was informed on that subject, as the At the conclusion of the reading of the fourth

that there are no adverse interests represented bill has been considered and reported by the section,

hy possibility on this commission. The com- Committee on Territories, of which he is a Mr. CONNESS. At this point I desire to

mission is to represent the War Department | member; but perhaps he was absent at the say that I should like to have that bill laid

and the Navy Department. They can have time. I will simply state that the Legislative over at least for a day. It was reported by

but one interest, which is the general interest | Assembly of Washington Territory have passed

of the Government, and they are of course, in the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads

an act by which they have put pretty much all when I did not happen to be present. Per presumption of law, entirely disinterested ; and

the Territory into one judicial district with the then it is the examination of a general fact | design to legislate so far as practicable the haps that is my own fault, though when I am

with reference to the interests of the Governable I am generally at my post.

other judges out of office. It is entirely inconment and the interests of commerce. Mr. POMEROY. If the Senator will allow

venient to the people and unjust to the other Mr. SUMNER. I will not make any

motion the reading of the bill to be concluded, then,

judges. It was produced by some feeling of if he desires it, it may go over. against the desires of my friend.

personal beat or political prejudice, or someMr. CONNESS. It is scarcely worth while

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I hope not. thing of that kind, and the act of the Legislato consume any more time with it if we desire

The joint resolution was reported to the ture ought to be disapproved. it laid over for examination. It presents at

Senate, ordered to a third reading, read the The bill was reported to the Senate without

third time, and passed. least a very complicated scheme of putting an

amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third American line of ships upon the Atlantic ocean. TAX COMMISSIONERS IN ARKANSAS. reading, read the third time, and passed. There is no man in the Union more in favor Mr. STEWART. I desire to call

up

Senate ADJOURNMENT FOR FOURTH OF JULY. of having our mails carried in our own ships || bill No. 564. It is in reference to the direct

Mr. JOHNSON. than I am ; but this is a peculiar measure, and

I renew the motion I tax commissioners in Arkansas. I want an opportunity to consider it before it The motion was agreed to ; and the bill (s. || adjourns to-day it adjourn to meet on Monday

offered a few minutes ago, that when the Senate is further acted upon. I move that it be post- No. 564) for the relief of Hulings Cowperponed until to.morrow..

next, to-morrow being the anniversary of our thwaite and Enoch H. Vance, and for other Mr. POMEROY. If the Senator will with

independence. purposes, was considered as in Committee of draw his motion and let the bill be read, it is

Mr. EDMUNDS. I hope that motion will thie Whole. all I ask to-day.

The Committee on the Judiciary proposed to

not be agreed to at this time. There is importMr. CONNESS. Very well; I will do that. amend the bill by striking out all after the ished to-day, I shall ask the Senate to sit

ant business on the Calendar which, if not finMr. RAMSEY. There is but a section or

enacting clause, in these words : two more to read.

to-morrow and finish. At a later stage in the

That all the acts and proceedings of the said proceedings possibly I should have no objecMr. MORGAN. I think the Senator from Hulings Cowperthwaite, and thesaid Enoch H. Vance, California is right. I do not think it is worth

as such tax commissioners for the State of Arkansas, tion ; but now I hope the motion will not be

and all acts and proceedings done by them or either while to spend the time of the Senate in read

agreed to. of them under color of authority under said act of The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The quesing this bill now. I move that its further read- June 7, 1862, or acts amendatory thereof, or of their ing be dispensed with, and that it be postponed. assessments as such tax commissioners, are hereby tion is on agreeing to the motion of the Sen

ratified, confirmed, and legalized, and shall bave the ator from Maryland. Mr. POMEROY. I hope the bill will be

same force and effect, and be valid in all respects and Mr. EDMUNDS. I ask for the yeas and read through.

for all and every purposes, as if said acts and proThe reading of the bill was concluded. ceedings had been done and performed by a board nays upon it. Mr. POMEROY. Now, if the Senator from

of three commissioners properly appointed and con- The yeaş and nays were ordered.

stituted and acting in conjunction as contemplated New York or the Senator from California

Mr. EDMUNDS. Before this vote is taken, by said act. wishes to look further into it, I am willing that And in lieu thereof inserting:

I wish to appeal to my political friends, to ask the bill shall lie over, and I move to postpone

them not to adopt this motion at this time.

That the acts and proceedings which bave been bad its further consideration. or performed by any two of the tax commissioners in

We are coming near to the end of the session. The motion was agreed to.

and for the State of Arkansas, shall have the same There is important legislation of a political force and effect as if had and performed by all three

character on the table, which is to be considBRIDGE IN BOSTON HARBOR, of said commissioners.

ered to-day, I hope, which may not be finished. Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. The Committee

The amendment was agreed to.

There are many other bills that ought to be on Commerce, to whom was referred the joint The bill was reported to the Senate as considered to-day or to-morrow, in charge of resolution (H. R. No. 321) iu relation to the il amended, and the amendment was concurred in. my friend from lowa; [Mr. Harlan.] On

a

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